CN104737730A - High yield planting method of green soy beans - Google Patents

High yield planting method of green soy beans Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104737730A
CN104737730A CN201310730293.4A CN201310730293A CN104737730A CN 104737730 A CN104737730 A CN 104737730A CN 201310730293 A CN201310730293 A CN 201310730293A CN 104737730 A CN104737730 A CN 104737730A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
green soy
soy bean
seed
yield planting
green
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Pending
Application number
CN201310730293.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘泽华
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Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization
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Application filed by Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization filed Critical Qingdao Xin Runtu Nursery Stock Specialty Co-Operative Organization
Priority to CN201310730293.4A priority Critical patent/CN104737730A/en
Publication of CN104737730A publication Critical patent/CN104737730A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a high yield planting method of green soy beans. The high yield planting method of the green soy beans is characterized by including following steps: (1) processing seeds; (2) manufacturing a seed bed; (3) preparing land and applying fertilizer; (4) sowing the seeds; (5) performing field management. According to the high yield planting method of the green soy beans, the green soy bean seeds are pretreated firstly, and then the green soy bean seeds are high in germination rate and quick in sprouting, a growth cycle of the green soy bean seeds is shortened, output per plant is high, abundant nutrient elements are provided to growth of the green soy beans by preparing the land and applying the fertilizer, and especially added potash fertilizer has the functions of accelerating growth of root systems and enhancing activity of nodule bacteria, and furthermore due to later moisture management, not only is the output improved, but also plump grains can be guaranteed, the output can be improved by above 30% once in harvest, and the harvested green soy beans have light green bean pods and are excellent in quality.

Description

A kind of high-yield planting method of green soy bean
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural plantation technology field, be specifically related to a kind of high-yield planting method of green soy bean.
Background technology
Early-maturing Maodou, also claiming " spring is green " green soy bean, is a kind of edible-type green soy bean.It belongs to the new varieties of green soy bean; Belong to the type that infinitely bears pods.Principal character shows as kipeming high yield, high-quality.Sow in spring the 80 days time of infertility, belong to inclined early-maturing variety, than Taiwan kind " 75-1 " 15 days ahead of time maturations, output is high by 12.6%, of the preeminent quality.Beans sugariness is high, good palatability, once burning shortcake, eats one's intention as revealed in what one says taste good, as vegetables of rushing in market supplies early spring, is big-and-middle canopy, plants the desirable economic crops of crop and other how ripe crop-planting collocation between the raw new orchard of little ring canopy, 1-2.
Green soy bean happiness temperature is afraid of flood, is suitable for the Temperate Region in China of summer high temperature, and seed sprouting temperature is 10-11 DEG C, 15-20 DEG C and germinates rapidly, seedling stage the low temperature of resistance to short time, thermophilic is 20-25 DEG C, and being less than 14 DEG C can not bloom; Later growth is to responsive to temperature, and temperature is too high terminates growth ahead of time, and too low seed can not full maturity, and 1-3 DEG C of plant is injured, and-3 DEG C of plant freeze to death, and green soy bean is short day crop, determinate growth early maturing variety.Require not tight to illumination length, the late-maturing kind short day crop of indeterminate growth, should be noted when introducing a fine variety, and north is planted south and moved early flowering, introduction late blooming.Green soy bean water requirement is more; seed sprouting need absorb the moisture content being a bit larger tham seed weight; seedling stage, branching stage, pod bearing period of blooming and pod expanding stage need water capacity to be respectively 60-65%, 65-70%, 70-80%, 70-75%, and green soy bean requires tight to soil property, deep with soil layer, draining good, it is calcareous to be rich in and organic soil as well; pH value is 6.5; need a large amount of P, K fertile, P fertilizer has protects flower guarantor pod, protects into root growth; strengthen the effect of rhizobium activity, scarce K then leaf turns yellow.
Green soy bean is formed as fertility in earlier stage from being seeded into first flower, and bloom and start flower bud differentiation in first about 30 days, this period, to nourish and grow, is the nutritious substances accumulation phase.Flowering stage is about 14-30 days, this period growth is the most vigorous, nourish and grow and to carry out with reproductive growth that (substance accumulation accounts for and forms total height, always leaf area, gross dry weight 55-65% simultaneously, account for total nitrogen accumulation amount 60%), spend latter two weeks, beans sharply increases, and need a large amount of moisture content, nutrient, rich water is under-supply, cause plant early ageing, cause fallen flowers to fall pod.Current plantation green soy bean adopts traditional artificial planting, and labour intensity is large, and growth cycle is long, and at the bottom of yield rate, resistance against diseases is weak, and economic benefit is low.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of high-yield planting method of green soy bean, germination rate is high, emerge fast, shorten growth cycle, single plant yield is high; Once gather and can improve output more than 30%, and the green soy bean beanpod of gathering is light green, best in quality.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is:
A high-yield planting method for green soy bean, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) seed treatment: by the rinsing of green soy bean seed, remove flat kind, being placed on concentration is seed soaking 5-6h in the a-methyl α-naphthyl acetate of 25ppm, then within the scope of magnetic field intensity 2200--2500GS, processes 8-10min;
(2) production of hybrid seeds bed: make bottom with proluvial mud Nutrition Soil, the acetochlor ec every mu 100ml with 85% is watered 36k g and sprays bottom, imposes the base fertilizer of chicken manure on bottom surface;
(3) site preparation and fertilization: bed subsoiling 1.2-1.4m will be planted, subsoiling is ditched wide 6-8cm, ridging on ditch, and the composite fertilizer that ash, pure potash fertilizer and diamines form according to weight ratio 3:2:1 is executed according to every mu of 26-28kg in ridge;
(4) sow: the seed processed is sown into shallow ridges equably according to 0.6-0.8kg/ mu, and the thick 0.6-0.8cm of earthing, slightly presses, water;
(5) field management: when seedling grows to 6-8cm height, pinching, impels branch, the ammonium molybdate mixed liquor of the spray 0.3% that comes into bloom, to reduce flower-pod shedding.
Watering according to 15-20m in above-mentioned steps (4) 3/ mu water consumption is brought potassium dihydrogen 2 kg into and is watered, and waters water spacer 10-12 days once.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
The present invention first carries out pretreatment to green soy bean seed, make its germination rate high, emerge fast, shorten growth cycle, single plant yield is high; Pass through site preparation and fertilization, growth for green soy bean provides abundant nutritive element, especially the applying of potash fertilizer, protects into root growth, strengthens the effect of rhizobium activity, later stage water management, not only can improve output, and can ensure that seed drum is full, once gather and can improve output more than 30%, and the green soy bean beanpod of gathering is light green, best in quality.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A high-yield planting method for green soy bean, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) seed treatment: by the rinsing of green soy bean seed, remove flat kind, being placed on concentration is seed soaking 5h in the a-methyl α-naphthyl acetate of 25ppm, then within the scope of magnetic field intensity 2300GS, processes 10min;
(2) production of hybrid seeds bed: make bottom with proluvial mud Nutrition Soil, the acetochlor ec every mu 100ml with 85% is watered 36k g and sprays bottom, imposes the base fertilizer of chicken manure on bottom surface;
(3) site preparation and fertilization: bed subsoiling 1.2m will be planted, subsoiling is ditched wide 6cm, ridging on ditch, and the composite fertilizer that ash, pure potash fertilizer and diamines form according to weight ratio 3:2:1 is executed according to every mu of 26kg in ridge;
(4) sow: the seed processed is sown into shallow ridges equably according to 0.6kg/ mu, and the thick 0.6cm of earthing, slightly presses, according to 15m 3/ mu water consumption is brought potassium dihydrogen 2 kg into and is watered, and waters water spacer 12 days once;
(5) field management: when seedling grows to 6-8cm height, pinching, impels branch, the ammonium molybdate mixed liquor of the spray 0.3% that comes into bloom, to reduce flower-pod shedding.
Embodiment 2
A high-yield planting method for green soy bean, is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
(1) seed treatment: by the rinsing of green soy bean seed, remove flat kind, being placed on concentration is seed soaking 6h in the a-methyl α-naphthyl acetate of 25ppm, then within the scope of magnetic field intensity 2500GS, processes 8min;
(2) production of hybrid seeds bed: make bottom with proluvial mud Nutrition Soil, the acetochlor ec every mu 100ml with 85% is watered 36k g and sprays bottom, imposes the base fertilizer of chicken manure on bottom surface;
(3) site preparation and fertilization: bed subsoiling 1.4m will be planted, subsoiling is ditched wide 6cm, ridging on ditch, and the composite fertilizer that ash, pure potash fertilizer and diamines form according to weight ratio 3:2:1 is executed according to every mu of 28kg in ridge;
(4) sow: the seed processed is sown into shallow ridges equably according to 0.8kg/ mu, and the thick 0.6cm of earthing, slightly presses, according to 20m 3/ mu water consumption is brought potassium dihydrogen 2 kg into and is watered, and waters water spacer 12 days once;
(5) field management: when seedling grows to 6-8cm height, pinching, impels branch, the ammonium molybdate mixed liquor of the spray 0.3% that comes into bloom, to reduce flower-pod shedding.

Claims (2)

1. the high-yield planting side of a green soy bean is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) seed treatment: by the rinsing of green soy bean seed, remove flat kind, being placed on concentration is seed soaking 5-6h in the a-methyl α-naphthyl acetate of 25ppm, then within the scope of magnetic field intensity 2200--2500GS, processes 8-10min;
(2) production of hybrid seeds bed: make bottom with proluvial mud Nutrition Soil, the acetochlor ec every mu 100ml with 85% is watered 36k g and sprays bottom, imposes the base fertilizer of chicken manure on bottom surface;
(3) site preparation and fertilization: bed subsoiling 1.2-1.4m will be planted, subsoiling is ditched wide 6-8cm, ridging on ditch, and the composite fertilizer that ash, pure potash fertilizer and diamines form according to weight ratio 3:2:1 is executed according to every mu of 26-28kg in ridge;
(4) sow: the seed processed is sown into shallow ridges equably according to 0.6-0.8kg/ mu, and the thick 0.6-0.8cm of earthing, slightly presses, water;
(5) field management: when seedling grows to 6-8cm height, pinching, impels branch, the ammonium molybdate mixed liquor of the spray 0.3% that comes into bloom, to reduce flower-pod shedding.
2. the high-yield planting method of a kind of green soy bean according to claim 1, is characterized in that, watering according to 15-20m in described step (4) 3/ mu water consumption is brought potassium dihydrogen 2 kg into and is watered, and waters water spacer 10-12 days once.
CN201310730293.4A 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 High yield planting method of green soy beans Pending CN104737730A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310730293.4A CN104737730A (en) 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 High yield planting method of green soy beans

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310730293.4A CN104737730A (en) 2013-12-26 2013-12-26 High yield planting method of green soy beans

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104737730A true CN104737730A (en) 2015-07-01

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105393743A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-16 和县德生农业发展有限公司 Planting method for organic green soy bean
CN107637459A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-30 南宁市浩发科技有限公司 A kind of organic implantation methods of the high yield of green soy bean
CN107889714A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-10 覃成鑫 The implantation methods that one cultivates peanut makees between green soy bean

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105393743A (en) * 2015-10-26 2016-03-16 和县德生农业发展有限公司 Planting method for organic green soy bean
CN107637459A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-01-30 南宁市浩发科技有限公司 A kind of organic implantation methods of the high yield of green soy bean
CN107889714A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-04-10 覃成鑫 The implantation methods that one cultivates peanut makees between green soy bean

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Application publication date: 20150701