CN104692098A - Cargo sorting device and method - Google Patents

Cargo sorting device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104692098A
CN104692098A CN201510082250.9A CN201510082250A CN104692098A CN 104692098 A CN104692098 A CN 104692098A CN 201510082250 A CN201510082250 A CN 201510082250A CN 104692098 A CN104692098 A CN 104692098A
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China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
sorting
feedway
control system
guiding device
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Granted
Application number
CN201510082250.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104692098B (en
Inventor
曹学鹏
马健魁
武泽泽
曾洁
姜文帅
朱胜伟
梁正
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Changan University
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Changan University
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Priority to CN201510082250.9A priority Critical patent/CN104692098B/en
Publication of CN104692098A publication Critical patent/CN104692098A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104692098B publication Critical patent/CN104692098B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cargo sorting device and method. The cargo sorting device comprises a conveying device, wherein the conveying device is driven through a belt with a motor, an encoder for detecting the conveying speed is arranged at one end of the conveying device, a recognition device is arranged on the conveying device, an object guiding device is arranged under the conveying device, and a sorting device is arranged under the object guiding device. Objects can be conveyed by the conveying device, during conveyance, the recognition device reads cargo information in electronic labels on the objects, after leaving from the conveying device, cargoes fall into the object guiding device, the cargoes of which the labels are damaged or cannot be recognized are guided out by the object guiding device, cargoes of which the labels can be recognized fall off the object guiding device and fall into the sorting device to be sorted. Through the adoption of the cargo sorting device disclosed by the invention, the information of cargoes can be rapidly processed, so that the responding speed of the whole system is high; labor interference is not needed during sorting, so that the labor strength of the staff in sorting work is greatly lowered, and the labor cost is saved.

Description

A kind of cargo sorting device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sorting equipment, be specifically related to a kind of cargo sorting device and method.
Background technology
Sorting is the important step of logistic industry, mainly need ensure the high efficiency, economy and the low error rate that sort.Current sorting mode is mainly divided into three kinds:
(1) manual sorting, namely adopts manual type completely, does not use the auxiliary of other any machine tools.This mode efficiency is low, and error rate is high, and enterprise needs to pay high human cost, and it is very large by the emotion influence of workman to sort quality, easily occurs the situation of " violence sorting ".
(2) semi-automatic sorting, the method, mainly by the mode picking of mechanical assistance, utilizes means of identification to obtain goods information, adopts manpower mode to sort out goods.Which degree of automation is low, and efficiency is not high, and human cost is relatively high, and working process is loaded down with trivial details, and sorting quality cannot ensure.
(3) automated sorting, the method, by program prepared in advance, sorts according to the mode of setting, controls sorting, without the need to human intervention with sorting arrangement.But the identification of already present automatic sorting device to goods information in the market generally adopts bar codes technique, and the accuracy rate of information identification is low.After goods sorting, the guide rail of lower part is not concentrated, and causes whole device volume huge, and floor area is large, and use cost increases.Be unfavorable for the popularization of sorting equipment.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cargo sorting device and method, the degree of automation of this device and method is high, sorting efficiency is high, use cost is low, be easy to the intelligent sorting device promoted, do not popularize to solve current logistic industry automatic sorting device, manpower pays height, and personnel work powerful problem.
In order to achieve the above object, a kind of cargo sorting device, comprise feedway, feedway is by having the belt-driving of motor, feedway one end is provided with the coder for detecting delivery speed, feedway is provided with means of identification, and the below of feedway is provided with object guiding device, and object guiding device is arranged with sorting equipment;
Described object guiding device comprises funnel-shaped passage, and a side of funnel-shaped passage is provided with turning guide plate, and turning guide plate controls upset by guide plate rotary magnet;
Described sorting equipment comprises the guide rail be arranged on base, base by large spherical hinge and guide rail hinged, guide rail back be provided with control guide rail tilt pull bar, pull bar is provided with rotary magnet;
Described means of identification is connected computing machine respectively with coder, is provided with control system in computing machine, and control system mouth connects guide plate rotary magnet, guide rail rotary magnet and motor respectively.
The guide rail of described sorting equipment is cross guide rail, adjacent two the guide rail backs of cross guide rail all by pelletized shape hinge make guide rail and pull bar hinged, pull bar is provided with guide rail rotary magnet.
Described cross guide rail is arranged on immediately below object guiding device.
Described means of identification adopts rfid device.
Described feedway is belt conveyor line.
A method for sorting for cargo sorting device, comprises the following steps:
Step one: make the goods yard with electronic tag pass through means of identification in feedway course of conveying, means of identification reads the goods information obtained on object electronic tag, goods information is sent to computing machine, object continues to be transferred, delivery speed is detected by coder, until fall from feedway;
Step 2: if the information on goods electronic tag cannot read or label None-identified, computing machine makes the guide plate rotating electromagnetic body action in control system control object guiding device, drive turning guide plate to make rotary movement, object skids off along turning guide plate;
If the information on goods electronic tag can be identified normally by control system and process, then object guiding device does not produce action, and object glides along funnel-shaped passage, drops to position, criss-cross guide rail middle in sorting equipment;
Step 3: by the information on goods electronic tag, computing machine judges that goods yard needs the particular location be sorted to, spinning movement is done again by control system control and guide rail rotary magnet, after being rotated in place, control system controls pull bar and rises or down maneuver, object is skidded off along the guide rail tilted, similar item skids off from same rail, realizes the sorting to object.
In described step one, if the excessive velocities of belt conveyor or excessively slow, by computer control system setting reference value, this value compared with coder detected value after difference input motor speed adjustment control, and then the speed of drive motor reduces or increases, thus the speed of transmission realizing belt conforms to expection.
Compared with prior art, object can be carried via feedway by a kind of cargo sorting device, in course of conveying, means of identification reads the goods information on object in electronic tag, goods falls into object guiding device after leaving feedway, the goods of tag damage or None-identified is derived by object guiding device, the goods that label can be identified drops out from object guiding device, drop into sorting equipment to sort, this device is concentrated, guide rail is arranged and concentrated, thus make the floor area of whole device little, Economization on land practical cost.
Further, a kind of cargo sorting device can make criss-cross guide rail complete to the inclination on four guide rail directions and rotation by pull bar and guide rail rotary magnet.
Further, it is high that the REID (RFID) that a kind of cargo sorting device adopts has reliability, and recognition speed is fast, reusable advantage, effectively improve whole sorting system sorting efficiency and accuracy rate, save the hardware cost needed for sorting.
A kind of method for sorting control process of cargo sorting device is simple, can realize carrying out fast processing to goods information, the processing links of control information is few, make the fast response time of whole system, substantially can realize sort process does not need manpower to interfere, considerably reduce the personnel labor intensity of sorting work, save human cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure composition schematic diagram of apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of object guiding device in apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of sorting equipment in apparatus of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is control flow chart of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is working process block diagram of the present invention;
Wherein, 1--feedway, 2--object guiding device, 3--sorting equipment, 4--means of identification, 5--motor, 6--coder, 7--computing machine.201--funnel-shaped passage, the turning guide plate of 202--, 203--guide plate rotary magnet, 301--criss-cross guide rail, the large spherical hinge of 302--, 303--pelletized shape cuts with scissors, 304--first guide rail rotary magnet, 305--second guide rail rotary magnet, 306--base, 307--pull bar.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
See Fig. 1, a kind of cargo sorting device comprises the feedway 1 being specially belt conveyor line, feedway 1 is by having the belt-driving of motor 5, feedway 1 is provided with means of identification 4 and the coder 6 for detecting delivery speed, means of identification 4 adopts rfid device, coder 6 pairs of delivery speeies detect, and the below of feedway 1 is provided with object guiding device 2, and object guiding device 2 is arranged with sorting equipment 3; Means of identification 4 is connected computing machine 7 respectively with coder 6, is provided with control system in computing machine 7, and the mouth of control system connects guide plate rotary magnet 203, first track rotary magnet 304, second track rotary magnet 305 and motor 5 respectively.
See Fig. 2, object guiding device 2 comprises funnel-shaped passage 201, and a side of funnel-shaped passage 201 is provided with turning guide plate 202, and turning guide plate 202 controls upset by guide plate rotary magnet 203;
See Fig. 3, sorting equipment 3 comprises the guide rail be arranged on base 306, base 306 is hinged with guide rail by large spherical hinge 302, guide rail back is provided with the pull bar 307 controlling guide rail and tilt, pull bar is provided with rotary magnet, the guide rail of sorting equipment 3 is cross guide rail 301, adjacent two the guide rail backs of cross guide rail 301 all by pelletized shape hinge 303 make guide rail and pull bar 307 hinged, pull bar 307 is provided with guide rail rotary magnet, cross guide rail 301 is arranged on immediately below object guiding device 2; The inclination of criss-cross track 301 four direction can be realized by the rotation of the first track rotary magnet 304 and the second track rotary magnet 304, realize the sorting task to object, the first track rotary magnet 304 and the second track rotary magnet 304 are controlled to rotate by control system.
See Fig. 4, Fig. 5, a kind of method for sorting of cargo sorting device, comprises the following steps:
Step one: the goods yard making to have electronic tag in feedway 1 course of conveying by means of identification 4, means of identification 4 reads the goods information obtained on object electronic tag, goods information is sent to computing machine 7, object continues to be transferred, delivery speed is detected by coder 6, until fall from feedway 1;
If the excessive velocities of belt conveyor or excessively slow, reference value is set by computer control system, this value compared with coder 6 detected value after difference input motor speed adjustment control, and then drive the speed of alternating-current motor/AC motor reduce or increase, alternating-current motor/AC motor drives driving pulley, thus the speed of transmission realizing belt conforms to expection.
Step 2: if the information on goods electronic tag cannot read or label None-identified, computing machine 7 controls guide plate rotary magnet 203 action in object guiding device 2 by control system, drive turning guide plate 202 to make rotary movement, object skids off along turning guide plate 202;
If the information on goods electronic tag can be identified normally by control system and process, then object guiding device 2 does not produce action, and object glides along funnel-shaped passage 201, drops to position, criss-cross guide rail 301 middle in sorting equipment 3;
Step 3: by the information on goods electronic tag, computing machine 7 judges that goods yard needs the particular location be sorted to, spinning movement is done again by control system control and guide rail rotary magnet, after being rotated in place, control system controls pull bar 307 and rises or down maneuver, object is skidded off along the guide rail tilted, similar item skids off from same rail, realizes the sorting to object.

Claims (7)

1. a cargo sorting device, it is characterized in that: comprise feedway (1), feedway (1) is by having the belt-driving of motor (5), feedway (1) one end is provided with the coder (6) for detecting delivery speed, feedway (1) is provided with means of identification (4), the below of feedway (1) is provided with object guiding device (2), and object guiding device (2) is arranged with sorting equipment (3);
Described object guiding device (2) comprises funnel-shaped passage (201), a side of funnel-shaped passage (201) is provided with turning guide plate (202), and turning guide plate (202) controls upset by guide plate rotary magnet (203);
Described sorting equipment (3) comprises the guide rail be arranged on base (306), base (306) is hinged by large spherical hinge (302) and guide rail, guide rail back is provided with the pull bar (307) controlling guide rail and tilt, and pull bar is provided with rotary magnet;
Described means of identification (4) is connected computing machine (7) respectively with coder (6), computing machine is provided with control system in (7), and control system mouth connects guide plate rotary magnet (203), guide rail rotary magnet and motor (5) respectively.
2. a kind of cargo sorting device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the guide rail of described sorting equipment (3) is cross guide rail (301), adjacent two the guide rail backs of cross guide rail (301) all by pelletized shape hinge (303) make guide rail and pull bar (307) hinged, (307) are provided with guide rail rotary magnet to pull bar.
3. a kind of cargo sorting device according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described cross guide rail (301) is arranged on immediately below object guiding device (2).
4. a kind of cargo sorting device according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described means of identification (4) adopts rfid device.
5. a kind of cargo sorting device according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described feedway (1) is belt conveyor line.
6. the method for sorting of a kind of cargo sorting device according to claim 4, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
Step one: make the goods yard with electronic tag pass through means of identification (4) in feedway (1) course of conveying, means of identification (4) reads the goods information obtained on object electronic tag, goods information is sent to computing machine, object continues to be transferred, until fall from feedway (1), feedway (1) speed is detected by coder (6);
Step 2: if the information on goods electronic tag cannot read or label None-identified, computing machine makes guide plate rotary magnet (203) action in control system control object guiding device (2), drive turning guide plate (202) to make rotary movement, object skids off along turning guide plate (202);
If the information on goods electronic tag can be identified normally by control system and process, then object guiding device (2) does not produce action, object glides along funnel-shaped passage (201), drops to criss-cross guide rail (301) position, middle in sorting equipment (3);
Step 3: by the information on goods electronic tag, computing machine judges that goods yard needs the particular location be sorted to, spinning movement is done again by control system control and guide rail rotary magnet, after being rotated in place, control system controls pull bar (307) and rises or down maneuver, object is skidded off along the guide rail tilted, similar item skids off from same rail, realizes the sorting to object.
7. the method for sorting of a kind of cargo sorting device according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: in described step one, if the excessive velocities of belt conveyor or excessively slow, reference value is set by computer control system, this reference value compared with coder (6) detected value after difference input motor speed adjustment control, and then the speed of drive motor (5) reduces or increases, thus the speed of transmission realizing belt conforms to expection.
CN201510082250.9A 2015-02-15 2015-02-15 A kind of cargo sorting device and method Expired - Fee Related CN104692098B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104889064A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-09 长沙市致能电子科技有限公司 Automatic control-based high-speed sorting method
CN110544054A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-06 北京物资学院 Anti-violence sorting active express sorting operation assisting and evaluating system and method
CN112474426A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-12 尤尼菲德(苏州)智能科技有限公司 Automatic quality inspection and distribution device for intelligent label
CN112474426B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-08-02 尤尼菲德(苏州)智能科技有限公司 Automatic quality inspection and distribution device for intelligent label

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6082827A (en) * 1999-10-18 2000-07-04 Mcfall; Robert M. Multidirectional dumping apparatus for a conveying system
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EP1627831A1 (en) * 2004-08-17 2006-02-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Sorter conveyor and method for transmitting power and data
CN200951837Y (en) * 2006-07-07 2007-09-26 姜广峻 Automatically sorting separating loading apparatus of goods
CN102580930A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-07-18 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Cargo sorting device with card reader on baffle
CN104309827A (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-01-28 吴玲玲 Sorting and collecting device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE69719044T2 (en) * 1996-08-30 2003-12-11 United Parcel Service Inc SORTER WITH TAPE-TIPPED TROUGHS
US6082827A (en) * 1999-10-18 2000-07-04 Mcfall; Robert M. Multidirectional dumping apparatus for a conveying system
EP1627831A1 (en) * 2004-08-17 2006-02-22 Siemens Aktiengesellschaft Sorter conveyor and method for transmitting power and data
CN200951837Y (en) * 2006-07-07 2007-09-26 姜广峻 Automatically sorting separating loading apparatus of goods
CN102580930A (en) * 2012-03-29 2012-07-18 安徽省一一通信息科技有限公司 Cargo sorting device with card reader on baffle
CN104309827A (en) * 2014-09-27 2015-01-28 吴玲玲 Sorting and collecting device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104889064A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-09-09 长沙市致能电子科技有限公司 Automatic control-based high-speed sorting method
CN104889064B (en) * 2015-05-08 2018-02-16 长沙市致能电子科技有限公司 Based on the high speed method for sorting automatically controlled
CN110544054A (en) * 2019-09-30 2019-12-06 北京物资学院 Anti-violence sorting active express sorting operation assisting and evaluating system and method
CN112474426A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-12 尤尼菲德(苏州)智能科技有限公司 Automatic quality inspection and distribution device for intelligent label
CN112474426B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-08-02 尤尼菲德(苏州)智能科技有限公司 Automatic quality inspection and distribution device for intelligent label

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