CN104653724A - 用于车辆的混合动力系 - Google Patents

用于车辆的混合动力系 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN104653724A
CN104653724A CN201410302677.0A CN201410302677A CN104653724A CN 104653724 A CN104653724 A CN 104653724A CN 201410302677 A CN201410302677 A CN 201410302677A CN 104653724 A CN104653724 A CN 104653724A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
output shaft
motor
driven gear
described output
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201410302677.0A
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
CN104653724B (zh
Inventor
朴钟闰
金敬夏
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hyundai Motor Co
Original Assignee
Hyundai Motor Co
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to KR10-2013-0143992 priority Critical
Priority to KR1020130143992A priority patent/KR101550986B1/ko
Application filed by Hyundai Motor Co filed Critical Hyundai Motor Co
Publication of CN104653724A publication Critical patent/CN104653724A/zh
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN104653724B publication Critical patent/CN104653724B/zh
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/02Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/08Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts
    • F16H3/087Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts characterised by the disposition of the gears
    • F16H3/093Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts characterised by the disposition of the gears with two or more countershafts
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/44Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • B60K6/365Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings with the gears having orbital motion
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/26Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the motors or the generators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/36Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the transmission gearings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/38Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the driveline clutches
    • B60K6/383One-way clutches or freewheel devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/22Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs
    • B60K6/38Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by apparatus, components or means specially adapted for HEVs characterised by the driveline clutches
    • B60K6/387Actuated clutches, i.e. clutches engaged or disengaged by electric, hydraulic or mechanical actuating means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/42Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs characterised by the architecture of the hybrid electric vehicle
    • B60K6/44Series-parallel type
    • B60K6/442Series-parallel switching type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60KARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PROPULSION UNITS OR OF TRANSMISSIONS IN VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENT OR MOUNTING OF PLURAL DIVERSE PRIME-MOVERS IN VEHICLES; AUXILIARY DRIVES FOR VEHICLES; INSTRUMENTATION OR DASHBOARDS FOR VEHICLES; ARRANGEMENTS IN CONNECTION WITH COOLING, AIR INTAKE, GAS EXHAUST OR FUEL SUPPLY OF PROPULSION UNITS IN VEHICLES
    • B60K6/00Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00
    • B60K6/20Arrangement or mounting of plural diverse prime-movers for mutual or common propulsion, e.g. hybrid propulsion systems comprising electric motors and internal combustion engines ; Control systems therefor, i.e. systems controlling two or more prime movers, or controlling one of these prime movers and any of the transmission, drive or drive units Informative references: mechanical gearings with secondary electric drive F16H3/72; arrangements for handling mechanical energy structurally associated with the dynamo-electric machine H02K7/00; machines comprising structurally interrelated motor and generator parts H02K51/00; dynamo-electric machines not otherwise provided for in H02K see H02K99/00 the prime-movers consisting of electric motors and internal combustion engines, e.g. HEVs
    • B60K6/50Architecture of the driveline characterised by arrangement or kind of transmission units
    • B60K6/54Transmission for changing ratio
    • B60K6/547Transmission for changing ratio the transmission being a stepped gearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W10/00Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function
    • B60W10/10Conjoint control of vehicle sub-units of different type or different function including control of change-speed gearings
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/44Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/72Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion with a secondary drive, e.g. regulating motor, in order to vary speed continuously
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/02Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/08Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts
    • F16H3/087Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts characterised by the disposition of the gears
    • F16H3/093Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts characterised by the disposition of the gears with two or more countershafts
    • F16H2003/0938Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion without gears having orbital motion exclusively or essentially with continuously meshing gears, that can be disengaged from their shafts characterised by the disposition of the gears with two or more countershafts with multiple gears on the input shaft directly meshing with respective gears on the output shaft
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/20Transmissions using gears with orbital motion
    • F16H2200/2002Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the number of sets of orbital gears
    • F16H2200/2005Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the number of sets of orbital gears with one sets of orbital gears
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/20Transmissions using gears with orbital motion
    • F16H2200/203Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the engaging friction means not of the freewheel type, e.g. friction clutches or brakes
    • F16H2200/2033Transmissions using gears with orbital motion characterised by the engaging friction means not of the freewheel type, e.g. friction clutches or brakes with one engaging means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H2200/00Transmissions for multiple ratios
    • F16H2200/20Transmissions using gears with orbital motion
    • F16H2200/2079Transmissions using gears with orbital motion using freewheel type mechanisms, e.g. freewheel clutches
    • F16H2200/2082Transmissions using gears with orbital motion using freewheel type mechanisms, e.g. freewheel clutches one freewheel mechanisms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16HGEARING
    • F16H3/00Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion
    • F16H3/44Toothed gearings for conveying rotary motion with variable gear ratio or for reversing rotary motion using gears having orbital motion
    • F16H3/46Gearings having only two central gears, connected by orbital gears
    • F16H3/48Gearings having only two central gears, connected by orbital gears with single orbital gears or pairs of rigidly-connected orbital gears
    • F16H3/52Gearings having only two central gears, connected by orbital gears with single orbital gears or pairs of rigidly-connected orbital gears comprising orbital spur gears
    • F16H3/54Gearings having only two central gears, connected by orbital gears with single orbital gears or pairs of rigidly-connected orbital gears comprising orbital spur gears one of the central gears being internally toothed and the other externally toothed
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/62Hybrid vehicles
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S903/00Hybrid electric vehicles, HEVS
    • Y10S903/902Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S903/00Hybrid electric vehicles, HEVS
    • Y10S903/902Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors
    • Y10S903/903Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors having energy storing means, e.g. battery, capacitor
    • Y10S903/904Component specially adapted for hev
    • Y10S903/906Motor or generator
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC
    • Y10STECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y10S903/00Hybrid electric vehicles, HEVS
    • Y10S903/902Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors
    • Y10S903/903Prime movers comprising electrical and internal combustion motors having energy storing means, e.g. battery, capacitor
    • Y10S903/904Component specially adapted for hev
    • Y10S903/909Gearing
    • Y10S903/91Orbital, e.g. planetary gears

Abstract

一种用于车辆的混合动力系,其可以包括输入轴、发动机侧驱动齿轮、输出轴、发动机侧从动齿轮、电动机侧驱动齿轮、电动机侧从动齿轮、输出齿轮、单向离合器、离合器单元以及行星齿轮机构,其中,发动机侧驱动齿轮设置在输入轴上;发动机侧从动齿轮旋转地设置在输出轴上并且与发动机侧驱动齿轮啮合;电动机侧驱动齿轮通过电动机旋转;电动机侧从动齿轮固定地设置在输出轴上并且与电动机侧驱动齿轮啮合;输出齿轮旋转地设置在输出轴上;单向离合器安装在输出齿轮和输出轴之间;所述离合器单元设置为相对于输出轴在固定状态和释放状态之间转换输出齿轮的运行状态和发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态;行星齿轮机构安装为使输出轴和输出齿轮彼此联接。

Description

用于车辆的混合动力系
技术领域
[0001] 大体上,本发明涉及用于车辆的混合动力系,并且更加具体地,涉及一种用于车辆的混合动力系,其能够将动力从内燃发动机和电动机中的至少一个传递至正在被驱动的机构。
背景技术
[0002] 一般来说,用于车辆的混合动力系是轴和齿轮组,将该轴和齿轮组设计成通过来自于内燃发动机所输出的适宜、调和且有效利用的动力和来自电动机所输出的动力来驱动车辆。为了提高车辆的行驶效率,配置混合动力系以有效地利用发动机扭矩特征和电动机扭矩特征的互补特性。
[0003] 传统的混合动力系被设计成如下:当车辆发动或以低速行驶时,混合动力系进入EV(电动车辆)模式,在该模式下,车辆由在低速下具有较好的扭矩特性的电动机进行驱动,并且当车辆以中或高速行驶时,混合动力系进入发动机模式,在该模式下,车辆由具有与电动机模式相比相对较高的扭矩特性的发动机进行驱动,并且当车辆需要由相当高扭矩进行驱动时,混合动力系进入混合模式,在该模式下,车辆由发动机扭矩和电动机扭矩共同驱动。
[0004] 而且,用于车辆的混合动力系需要具有多个驱动模式,并且需要在每个驱动模式下通过优化利用发动机扭矩特性和电动机扭矩特性而使用简单的构造以实现多个齿轮档位。
[0005] 公开于本发明背景部分的信息仅仅旨在增加对本发明的总体背景的理解,而不应当被视为承认或以任何形式暗示该信息构成已为本领域技术人员所公知的现有技术。
发明内容
[0006] 本发明各个方面致力于提供一种用于车辆的混合动力系,其具有多个驱动模式并且能够在每个驱动模式下通过优化利用发动机扭矩特性和电动机扭矩特性而使用简单的构造以实现多个齿轮档位,因此提高了车辆的行驶效率并且增加了车辆的里程。
[0007] 在本发明的一个方面中,用于车辆的混合动力系可以包括,输入轴、发动机侧驱动齿轮、输出轴、发动机侧从动齿轮、电动机侧驱动齿轮、电动机侧从动齿轮、输出齿轮、单向离合器、离合器单元以及行星齿轮机构,其中,所述输入轴接收发动机的动力;所述发动机侧驱动齿轮设置在所述输入轴上;所述输出轴布置为平行于所述输入轴;所述发动机侧从动齿轮可旋转地设置在所述输出轴上并且与所述发动机侧驱动齿轮啮合;所述电动机侧驱动齿轮布置为与所述输入轴同轴并且通过电动机旋转;所述电动机侧从动齿轮固定地设置在所述输出轴上并且与所述电动机侧驱动齿轮啮合;所述输出齿轮旋转地设置在所述输出轴上;所述单向离合器安装在所述输出齿轮和所述输出轴之间,以在车辆向前行驶时仅在从所述输出轴至所述输出齿轮的方向上传递动力;所述离合器单元设置为相对于所述输出轴在固定状态和释放状态之间转换所述输出齿轮的运行状态,并且相对于所述输出轴在固定状态和释放状态之间转换所述发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态;所述行星齿轮机构安装为使所述输出轴和所述输出齿轮彼此联接。
[0008] 所述行星齿轮机构可以包括行星架、环形齿轮、太阳齿轮以及制动器,所述行星架直接连接至所述输出轴;所述环形齿轮直接连接至所述输出齿轮;所述太阳齿轮安装为与所述输出轴同轴,并且可选择地固定至所述输出轴;所述制动器设置为选择性地固定所述太阳齿轮。
[0009] 离合器单元可以包括第一犬齿式离合器以及第二犬齿式离合器,所述第一犬齿式离合器配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述输出齿轮的运行状态;所述第二犬齿式离合器配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态。
[0010] 离合器单元可以包括第一犬齿式离合器以及同步啮合装置,所述第一犬齿式离合器配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述输出齿轮的运行状态;所述同步啮合装置配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态。
[0011] 所述发动机侧驱动齿轮可以具有大于所述发动机侧从动齿轮的直径的直径,并且所述电动机侧驱动齿轮可以具有小于所述电动机侧从动齿轮的直径的直径。
[0012] 输入轴直接连接至发动机。
[0013] 用于车辆的混合动力系可以进一步包括发电驱动齿轮、发电从动齿轮以及空转轴,所述发电驱动齿轮设置在所述输入轴上;所述发电从动齿轮可旋转地安装在所述输入轴上,以便与所述输入轴同轴并且旋转电动机;所述空转轴布置为平行于所述输入轴,并且具有与所述发电驱动齿轮相哨合的第一中间齿轮和与所述发电从动齿轮相哨合的第二中间齿轮。
[0014] 如上所述,本发明提供一种用于车辆的混合动力系,其具有多个驱动模式并且能够在每个驱动模式下通过优化利用发动机扭矩特性和电动机扭矩特性而使用简单的构造以实现多个齿轮档位,因此本发明可以提高车辆的行驶效率并且增加了车辆的里程。
[0015] 本发明的方法和装置具有其它的特性和优点,这些特性和优点从并入本文中的附图和随后的具体实施方案中将是显而易见的,或者将在并入本文中的附图和随后的具体实施方案中进行详细陈述,这些附图和具体实施方案共同用于解释本发明的特定原理。
附图说明
[0016] 图1为示意性地示出根据本发明的示例性实施方案的用于车辆的混合动力系的构造的视图。
[0017] 图2为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的发动机模式中第一齿轮档位的视图。
[0018] 图3为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的发动机模式中第二齿轮档位的视图。
[0019] 图4为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的EV模式中第一齿轮档位的视图。
[0020] 图5为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的EV模式中第二齿轮档位的视图。
[0021] 图6为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的并行模式中第一齿轮档位的视图。
[0022] 图7为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的并行模式中第二齿轮档位的视图。
[0023] 图8为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的串行模式中第一齿轮档位的视图。
[0024] 图9为示出在图1的示例性实施方案中的串行模式中第二齿轮档位的视图。
[0025] 应当了解,所附附图并不必须是按比例绘制的,其示出了某种程度上经过简化了的本发明的基本原理各个特征。本文所公开的本发明的具体设计特征包括例如具体尺寸、方向、位置和外形将部分地由具体所要应用和使用的环境来确定。
[0026] 在这些附图中,在贯穿附图的多幅图形中,附图标记指代本发明的相同的或等效的部分。
具体实施方式
[0027] 下面将详细说明本发明的不同实施方案,在附图中和以下的描述中示出了这些实施方案的实例。虽然本发明与示例性实施方案相结合进行描述,但是应当了解,本说明书并非旨在将本发明限制为那些示例性实施方案。相反,本发明旨在不但覆盖这些示例性实施方案,而且覆盖可以被包括在由所附权利要求所限定的本发明的精神和范围之内的各种替换、修改、等效形式以及其它实施方案。
[0028] 下面将参考附图对本发明的优选实施方案进行详细描述。
[0029] 参照图1,根据本发明的示例性实施方案的用于车辆的混合动力系包括:输入轴IN、发动机侧驱动齿轮1、输出轴OUT、发动机侧从动齿轮3、电动机侧驱动齿轮5、电动机侧从动齿轮7、输出齿轮9、单向离合器25、离合器单元CL以及行星齿轮机构PG,其中,安装输入轴IN以接收发动机E的动力;发动机侧驱动齿轮I设置在输入轴IN上;输出轴OUT设置为平行于输入轴IN ;所述发动机侧从动齿轮3可旋转地布置在输出轴OUT处以便与发动机侧驱动齿轮I啮合;电动机侧驱动齿轮5安装为与输入轴IN同轴并且通过电动机M旋转;电动机侧从动齿轮7固定地设置在输出轴OUT处以便与电动机侧驱动齿轮5啮合;输出齿轮9旋转地设置在输出轴OUT上;单向离合器25安装在输出齿轮9和输出轴OUT之间,以当车辆向前行驶时,仅在从输出轴OUT至输出齿轮9的方向上传递动力;设置离合器单元CL以便相对于输出轴OUT在固定状态和释放状态之间转换输出齿轮9的运行状态,并且以便相对于输出轴OUT在固定状态和释放状态之间转换发动机侧从动齿轮3的运行状态;安装行星齿轮机构PG以将输出轴OUT和输出齿轮9彼此相联接。
[0030] 换言之,已通过输入轴IN从发动机E传递至输出轴OUT的发动机动力和已从电动机M传递至输出轴OUT的电动机动力通过输出齿轮9从输出轴OUT输出至正被驱动的机构。在此,单向离合器25和行星齿轮机构PG都设置在输出轴OUT和输出齿轮9之间,从而输出轴OUT的动力能够通过两个齿轮档位中的任意一个而输出至输出齿轮9,因此本发明的混合齿轮系能够在每个驱动模式中形成两个齿轮档位。因此,本发明可以使用简单的构造而使在每个驱动模式中的多个齿轮档位成为可能,并且根据车辆的不同的行驶环境,通过优化利用各自驱动模式的多个齿轮档位而能够有效地驱动车辆,所以本发明能够提高车辆的行驶效率并且能够增加车辆的里程。
[0031 ] 在行星齿轮机构PG中,行星架C直接连接至输出轴0UT,环形齿轮R直接连接至输出齿轮9,安装太阳齿轮S使得太阳齿轮S与输出轴OUT同轴并且可选择地固定至输出轴OUT,并且设置制动器BK以可选择地将太阳齿轮S固定至输出轴OUT。
[0032] 相应地,当车辆在制动器BK被释放的状态下向前行驶时,形成第一齿轮档位,其中输出轴OUT的动力通过单向离合器25输出至输出齿轮9。但是,当车辆在制动器BK被接合的状态下向前行驶时,输出轴OUT的动力传递至行星架C,并且在输出至输出齿轮9之前通过环形齿轮R增加动力的速度。当然,在这种情况下,单向离合器25允许输出齿轮9在比输出轴OUT的速度更高的速度下旋转。
[0033] 离合器单元CL包括第一犬齿式离合器CL-Dl以及第二犬齿式离合器CL-D2,第一犬齿式离合器CL-Dl能够在固定状态(其中输出齿轮9固定至输出轴OUT)和释放状态(其中输出齿轮9从输出轴OUT释放)之间转换输出齿轮9的运行状态,第二犬齿式离合器CL-D2能够在固定状态(其中发动机侧从动齿轮3固定至输出轴OUT)和释放状态(其中发动机侧从动齿轮3从输出轴OUT上释放)之间转换发动机侧从动齿轮3的运行状态。
[0034] 在此,通过离合器单兀的第一犬齿式离合器CL-Dl将输出齿轮9固定至输出轴OUT的固定状态需要形成反向齿轮档位,其中已由电动机M输出的反向驱动动力从输出轴OUT传递至输出齿轮9,而不考虑齿轮系中单向离合器25的存在。
[0035] 离合器单元的第二犬齿式离合器CL-D2用于将发动机侧从动齿轮3连接至输出轴OUT,以便将发动机动力传递至输出轴OUT。例如,当需要将发动机动力传递至输出轴OUT同时在仅使用电动机M的动力的EV模式中驱动车辆时,在发动机E发动并且通过控制发动机和发电机G两者的运行将输出轴OUT和输出侧从动齿轮之间的相对速度最小化之后,使第二犬齿式离合器CL-D2进入到接合状态(本文中下面将会描述),所以发动机动力能够传递至输出轴OUT。
[0036] 在本发明的示例性实施方案中,离合器单元CL可以包括第一犬齿式离合器CL-Dl以及同步啮合装置,其中,第一犬齿式离合器CL-Dl能够在固定状态(其中输出齿轮9固定至输出轴OUT)和释放状态(其中输出齿轮9从输出轴OUT释放)之间转换输出齿轮9的运行状态,同步啮合装置能够在固定状态(其中发动机侧从动齿轮3固定至输出轴OUT)和释放状态(其中发动机侧从动齿轮3从输出轴OUT释放)之间转换发动机侧从动齿轮3的运行状态。
[0037] 在另一种情况下,当需要如上所述将发动机侧从动齿轮3连接至输出轴OUT时,甚至当发动机侧从动齿轮3和输出轴OUT之间的速度差很高时,同步啮合装置也能够相比于第二犬齿式离合器CL-D2更加有效地将发动机侧从动齿轮3连接至输出轴OUT。
[0038] 在本发明的混合齿轮系中,发动机侧驱动齿轮I的直径设计成大于发动机侧从动齿轮3的直径,并且电动机侧驱动齿轮5的直径设计成小于电动机侧从动齿轮7的直径。因此,当通过发动机E的动力驱动车辆时,发动机动力能够在超速状态下传递到驱动轮,从而车辆的高速行驶模式可以主要通过发动机动力来实现。然而,当通过电动机M的动力驱动车辆时,在通过降低电动机动力的速度而提高发动机扭矩之后才输出电动机动力,因此车辆低速行驶模式可以主要通过电动机M的动力来实现。因此,本发明的混合齿轮系能够有效并且互补地利用发动机扭矩特性和电动机扭矩特性,并且能够增加车辆的里程。
[0039] 在本发明的示例性实施方案中,输入轴IN直接连接至发动机E,因此,当发动机E发动时,离合器单元CL将发动机侧从动齿轮3从输出轴OUT分开,从而将发动机侧从动齿轮3从输出轴OUT释放。
[0040] 另外,本实施方案的混合齿轮系进一步包括发电驱动齿轮15、发电从动齿轮17以及空转轴23,其中,发电驱动齿轮15设置在输入轴IN上;发电从动齿轮17可旋转地安装在输入轴IN上以便与输入轴IN同轴并且旋转发电机G ;空转轴23布置为平行于输入轴IN,并且具有与发电驱动齿轮15相哨合的第一中间齿轮19和与发电从动齿轮17相哨合的第二中间齿轮21,因此混合齿轮系能够通过使用发动机动力的发电机G而连续地产生电力。[0041 ] 发电机G产生的电力能够储存在电池中,并且储存在电池中的电力能够供应至电动机M。
[0042] 图2和图3示出本发明发动机模式中的不同的齿轮档位,其中通过释放制动器BK并且通过使用离合器单元CL将发动机侧从动齿轮3连接至输出轴OUT来实现图2中的发动机模式的第一齿轮档位。
[0043] 在发动机模式中的第一齿轮档位中,发动机E的动力通过发动机侧驱动齿轮1、发动机侧从动齿轮3和离合器单元CL从输入轴IN传递至输出轴0UT,并且输出轴OUT的动力通过单向离合器25传递至输出齿轮9,从而用于实现发动机模式中的第一齿轮档位的驱动动力能够从输出齿轮9输出至被驱动的机构。
[0044]图3显示了发动机模式中的第二齿轮档位,其能够通过在发动机模式的第一齿轮档位中,使制动器BK进入接合状态而实现。在发动机模式中的第二齿轮档位中,行星齿轮机构PG提高输出轴OUT的动力的速度,并且通过输出轴OUT的动力驱动输出齿轮9。在上述的状态中,输出齿轮9以高于输出轴OUT的速度的速度旋转,并且单向离合器25允许输出齿轮9在比输出轴OUT更高的速度下旋转。
[0045] 图4和图5示出了 EV模式中的不同的齿轮档位,其中图4示出了 EV模式中第一齿轮档位。在EV模式中的第一齿轮档位中,电动机动力通过电动机侧驱动齿轮5和电动机侧从动齿轮7传递至输出轴0UT,并且输出轴OUT的动力通过单向离合器25输出至输出齿轮9。
[0046] 图5示出了 EV模式中的第二齿轮档位。在EV模式中第二齿轮档位中,制动器BK将太阳齿轮S固定,并且已从电动机M传递至输出轴OUT的电动机动力的速度通过行星齿轮机构PG而增加,并且输出轴OUT的动力输出至输出齿轮9。
[0047] 图6和图7示出了混合模式之一的并行模式中的不同的齿轮档位,其中图6示出了并行模式中的第一齿轮档位。在并行模式的第一齿轮档位中,发动机E和电动机M都运行,并且在输出轴OUT将发动机动力和电动机动力结合在一起,而且经结合的动力通过单向离合器25从输出轴OUT输出至输出齿轮9。
[0048] 当然,在上述状态下,离合器单元CL将发动机侧从动齿轮3连接至输出轴OUT。
[0049]图7示出了并行模式中第二齿轮档位。在图6的并行模式中的第一齿轮档位中,可以通过使制动器BK进入接合状态而实现并行模式中的第二齿轮档位。在并行模式中的第二齿轮档位中,通过将发动机动力和电动机动力在输出轴OUT处结合在一起而形成的经结合的动力,在经过行星架C和环形齿轮R时提高经结合的动力的速度之后,输出至输出齿轮9。
[0050] 图8和图9示出了混合模式之一的串行模式中不同的齿轮档位,其中图8示出了串行模式中第一齿轮档位。在串行模式中的第一齿轮档位中,发电机G由发动机动力驱动并产生电力。将电力供应至电池以便储存在其中,并且电池的电力供应至电动机,因此电动机能够运行并且能够输出电动机动力。电动机动力传递至输出轴0UT,并且通过单向离合器25输出至输出齿轮9。
[0051 ] 在串行模式中的第一齿轮档位中,离合器单元CL从输出轴OUT释放发动机侧从动齿轮3,从而防止发动机动力传递至输出轴OUT。
[0052]图9示出了串行模式中的第二齿轮档位。在图8的串行模式中的第一齿轮档位中,可以通过使制动器BK进入接合状态而实现串行模式中的第二齿轮档位。在串行模式中的第二齿轮档位中,在电动机动力从输出轴OUT输出至输出齿轮9之前,通过行星齿轮机构PG提高已传递至输出轴OUT的电动机动力的速度。
[0053] 作为参考,图2至图9的粗线表示用于发动机动力和电动机动力的传递线。
[0054] 为了方便解释和精确限定所附权利要求,术语“上”、“下”、“内”和“外”被用于参考附图中所显示的这些特征的位置来描述示例性实施方式的特征。
[0055] 前面对本发明具体示例性实施方案所呈现的描述是出于说明和描述的目的。前面的描述并不想要成为毫无遗漏的,也不是想要把本发明限制为所公开的精确形式,显然,根据上述教导很多改变和变化都是可能的。选择示例性实施方案并进行描述是为了解释本发明的特定原理及其实际应用,从而使得本领域的其它技术人员能够实现并利用本发明的各种示例性实施方案及其不同选择形式和修改形式。本发明的范围意在由所附权利要求书及其等价形式所限定。

Claims (7)

1.用于车辆的混合动力系,包括: 输入轴,所述输入轴接收发动机的动力; 发动机侧驱动齿轮,所述发动机侧驱动齿轮设置在所述输入轴上; 输出轴,所述输出轴布置为平行于所述输入轴; 发动机侧从动齿轮,所述发动机侧从动齿轮旋转地设置在所述输出轴上并且与所述发动机侧驱动齿轮啮合; 电动机侧驱动齿轮,所述电动机侧驱动齿轮布置为与所述输入轴同轴并且通过电动机旋转; 电动机侧从动齿轮,所述电动机侧从动齿轮固定地设置在所述输出轴上并且与所述电动机侧驱动齿轮啮合; 输出齿轮,所述输出齿轮旋转地设置在所述输出轴上; 单向离合器,所述单向离合器安装在所述输出齿轮和所述输出轴之间,以在车辆向前行驶时,仅在从所述输出轴至所述输出齿轮的方向上传递动力; 离合器单元,所述离合器单元设置为相对于所述输出轴在固定状态和释放状态之间转换所述输出齿轮的运行状态,并且设置为相对于所述输出轴在固定状态和释放状态之间转换所述发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态;以及 行星齿轮机构,所述行星齿轮机构安装为使所述输出轴和所述输出齿轮彼此联接。
2.根据权利要求1所述的用于车辆的混合动力系,其中所述行星齿轮机构包括: 行星架,所述行星架直接连接至所述输出轴; 环形齿轮,所述环形齿轮直接连接至所述输出齿轮; 太阳齿轮,所述太阳齿轮安装为与所述输出轴同轴,并且选择性地固定至所述输出轴;以及 制动器,所述制动器设置为选择性地固定所述太阳齿轮。
3.根据权利要求1所述的用于车辆的混合动力系,其中所述离合器单元包括: 第一犬齿式离合器,所述第一犬齿式离合器配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述输出齿轮的运行状态;以及 第二犬齿式离合器,所述第二犬齿式离合器配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态。
4.根据权利要求1所述的用于车辆的混合动力系,其中所述离合器单元包括: 第一犬齿式离合器,所述第一犬齿式离合器配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述输出齿轮的运行状态;以及 同步啮合装置,所述同步啮合装置配置为相对于所述输出轴在所述固定状态和所述释放状态之间转换所述发动机侧从动齿轮的运行状态。
5.根据权利要求1所述的用于车辆的混合动力系, 其中,所述发动机侧驱动齿轮具有大于所述发动机侧从动齿轮的直径的直径,以及 其中,所述电动机侧驱动齿轮具有小于所述电动机侧从动齿轮的直径的直径。
6.根据权利要求1所述的用于车辆的混合动力系,其中所述输入轴直接连接至所述发动机。
7.根据权利要求6所述的用于车辆的混合动力系,进一步包含: 发电驱动齿轮,所述发电驱动齿轮设置在所述输入轴上; 发电从动齿轮,所述发电从动齿轮旋转地安装在所述输入轴上,以便与所述输入轴同轴并且旋转发电机;以及 空转轴,所述空转轴布置为平行于所述输入轴,并且具有与所述发电驱动齿轮相啮合的第一中间齿轮和与所述发电从动齿轮相啮合的第二中间齿轮。
CN201410302677.0A 2013-11-25 2014-06-27 用于车辆的混合动力系 Active CN104653724B (zh)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
KR10-2013-0143992 2013-11-25
KR1020130143992A KR101550986B1 (ko) 2013-11-25 2013-11-25 차량의 하이브리드 파워트레인

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104653724A true CN104653724A (zh) 2015-05-27
CN104653724B CN104653724B (zh) 2018-11-06

Family

ID=53045567

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410302677.0A Active CN104653724B (zh) 2013-11-25 2014-06-27 用于车辆的混合动力系

Country Status (5)

Country Link
US (1) US9132726B2 (zh)
JP (1) JP6265819B2 (zh)
KR (1) KR101550986B1 (zh)
CN (1) CN104653724B (zh)
DE (1) DE102014108538B4 (zh)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106335491A (zh) * 2015-07-01 2017-01-18 丰田自动车株式会社 用于混合动力车辆的控制装置
CN107215202A (zh) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-29 重庆大学 多动力源的多模式耦合驱动系统
CN107215197A (zh) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-29 重庆大学 多动力源的多模式耦合传动系统

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR101714303B1 (ko) * 2016-02-12 2017-03-09 현대자동차주식회사 차량의 하이브리드 파워트레인
CN109835342B (zh) * 2019-03-21 2021-11-23 浙江鑫可传动科技有限公司 一种模式控制新能源车辆减速器系统的方法
DE102020114731A1 (de) 2020-06-03 2021-12-09 Bayerische Motoren Werke Aktiengesellschaft Hybridantriebsvorrichtung
CN113479059A (zh) * 2021-07-30 2021-10-08 重庆长安汽车股份有限公司 一种混合动力驱动系统及混合动力汽车

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4566348A (en) * 1982-06-18 1986-01-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Transmission with driven shaft and two clutching devices at the same ends of two parallel driving shafts
CN101450608A (zh) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-10 比亚迪股份有限公司 混合动力车的停车发电机构及其控制方法
CN101568710A (zh) * 2006-12-19 2009-10-28 雷诺卡车公司 用于机动车辆的动力单元和包括这种动力单元的车辆
CN102107604A (zh) * 2009-12-25 2011-06-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 汽车混合动力驱动系统及其档位操作方法
CN102781698A (zh) * 2010-03-02 2012-11-14 爱信精机株式会社 混合动力驱动装置

Family Cites Families (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5224907A (en) * 1990-09-28 1993-07-06 Jatco Corporation Automatic transmission
JPH11227476A (ja) * 1998-02-12 1999-08-24 Kyowa Gokin Kk 自動車用駆動装置
JP4292732B2 (ja) * 2000-07-28 2009-07-08 アイシン精機株式会社 ハイブリッド車両用動力伝達装置
JP3579888B2 (ja) * 2000-11-24 2004-10-20 本田技研工業株式会社 動力伝達装置
JP3884423B2 (ja) 2003-11-06 2007-02-21 本田技研工業株式会社 ハイブリッド車両の動力伝達装置
RU2398992C1 (ru) * 2006-08-03 2010-09-10 Тойота Дзидося Кабусики Кайся Трансмиссия для транспортного средства
JP2010070707A (ja) * 2008-09-22 2010-04-02 Nippon Shokubai Co Ltd 重合体乾燥物の製造方法
KR101113573B1 (ko) 2009-11-12 2012-02-22 현대자동차주식회사 하이브리드 차량의 변속기
KR101231400B1 (ko) 2010-08-27 2013-02-07 현대자동차주식회사 하이브리드 차량의 파워트레인
JP5395115B2 (ja) 2011-05-24 2014-01-22 ジヤトコ株式会社 ハイブリッド駆動装置
JP5842486B2 (ja) 2011-09-07 2016-01-13 トヨタ自動車株式会社 エンジン始動制御装置
KR101673628B1 (ko) 2011-09-19 2016-11-07 현대자동차주식회사 차량의 하이브리드 파워트레인
DE102012016988A1 (de) 2012-08-25 2014-05-15 Volkswagen Aktiengesellschaft Hybridantriebsstrang für ein Kraftfahrzeug, Hybridfahrzeug und dessen Verwendung

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4566348A (en) * 1982-06-18 1986-01-28 Toyota Jidosha Kabushiki Kaisha Transmission with driven shaft and two clutching devices at the same ends of two parallel driving shafts
CN101568710A (zh) * 2006-12-19 2009-10-28 雷诺卡车公司 用于机动车辆的动力单元和包括这种动力单元的车辆
CN101450608A (zh) * 2007-12-07 2009-06-10 比亚迪股份有限公司 混合动力车的停车发电机构及其控制方法
CN102107604A (zh) * 2009-12-25 2011-06-29 比亚迪股份有限公司 汽车混合动力驱动系统及其档位操作方法
CN102781698A (zh) * 2010-03-02 2012-11-14 爱信精机株式会社 混合动力驱动装置

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106335491A (zh) * 2015-07-01 2017-01-18 丰田自动车株式会社 用于混合动力车辆的控制装置
CN106335491B (zh) * 2015-07-01 2018-09-28 丰田自动车株式会社 用于混合动力车辆的控制装置
CN107215202A (zh) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-29 重庆大学 多动力源的多模式耦合驱动系统
CN107215197A (zh) * 2017-06-09 2017-09-29 重庆大学 多动力源的多模式耦合传动系统
CN107215197B (zh) * 2017-06-09 2019-04-02 重庆大学 多动力源的多模式耦合传动系统

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
DE102014108538A1 (de) 2015-05-28
CN104653724B (zh) 2018-11-06
DE102014108538B4 (de) 2021-11-04
KR20150060054A (ko) 2015-06-03
JP2015101327A (ja) 2015-06-04
US9132726B2 (en) 2015-09-15
KR101550986B1 (ko) 2015-09-07
US20150148169A1 (en) 2015-05-28
JP6265819B2 (ja) 2018-01-24

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US9783039B2 (en) Power transmission system of hybrid electric vehicle
CN104653724A (zh) 用于车辆的混合动力系
CN104728460B (zh) 用于车辆的动力传输装置
CN100476253C (zh) 多模式混合动力汽车传动系统
KR101558368B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101459466B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101427943B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
CN104728363B (zh) 用于混合电动车辆的动力传输装置
KR101500363B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101646114B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101500355B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101427952B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101550629B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101405232B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR101500357B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
CN104696457A (zh) 混合电动车辆的传动系统
KR101550603B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
KR20170062313A (ko) 자동차의 동력전달장치
CN104648117B (zh) 用于车辆的混合动力系
KR101427961B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치
CN104553732A (zh) 混合动力车辆的变速器系统
KR101584012B1 (ko) 하이브리드 차량용 파워트레인
CN203142374U (zh) 一种混合动力汽车变速器
KR102383223B1 (ko) 하이브리드 차량용 동력전달장치
KR101755500B1 (ko) 하이브리드 자동차의 동력전달장치

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant