CN104620815B - Paspalum natatum planting method for preventing water and soil loss - Google Patents

Paspalum natatum planting method for preventing water and soil loss Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104620815B
CN104620815B CN201510045113.8A CN201510045113A CN104620815B CN 104620815 B CN104620815 B CN 104620815B CN 201510045113 A CN201510045113 A CN 201510045113A CN 104620815 B CN104620815 B CN 104620815B
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paspalum notatum
soil
paspalum
hole
water
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CN104620815A (en
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贺玉晓
王海邻
肖春艳
贺拿
郭晓明
魏雅丽
刘刚才
金杰
赵同谦
史亮涛
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Henan University of Technology
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Henan University of Technology
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses a paspalum natatum planting method for preventing water and soil loss. The paspalum natatum planting method for preventing water and soil loss includes the steps of pit digging, seedling cultivation and field management. By using the characteristics that paspalum natatum is large in root biomass, and well developed in root, the paspalum natatum is planted into a pit laid with degradable materials, the roots of the paspalum natatum can only hover and accumulate on the bottom of the pit before degrading of the degradable materials, through drought stress, the roots of the paspalum natatum grow at the bottom of the pit in a hovering mode and then grow towards the ground with a little water directively, so that the root system of the paspalum natatum is in a lantern shape under the limitation of the space in the pit and tightly holds the soil in the pit, after the degradable materials are degraded, the root system of the paspalum natatum grows downwards again, and therefore the purposes of soil fixation, soil loss prevention and soil and water conservation are realized. The paspalum natatum planting method for preventing water and soil loss is simple in technology, convenient to operate, high in stability realization speed, good in effect and low in cost, and has a good effect and application value for soil and water conservation and vegetation recovery in the dry areas seriously lacking water.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss
Technical field
The present invention relates to the implantation methods of paspalum notatum, specifically a kind of implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss.
Background technology
Paspalum notatum (paspalum notatum flugge) originates in South America, also known as mark ditch millet, is grass family millet subfamily Paspalum, the perennial herbaceous plant that crawls, its rhizome is sturdy, pastes table of throwing oneself on the ground, and crawls to extend, the one side pasting table of throwing oneself on the ground can be given birth to successively Root buries, and pastes earth's surface securely.Paspalum notatum has stronger resistance and wider adaptability, because its Biomass is big, Well developed root system, have well in water and soil conservation, environmental improvement, plant purification, soil improvement and as the aspect such as lawn and herbage Benefit, China in the 1950's priority after the U.S. and Philippine introduce this kind in meadow greening, highway slope protection, stony desert Change the aspects such as improvement to be widely used.
At present to paspalum notatum, the implantation methods of the aspect such as improvement in slope protecting grassplot and desertification have more description (bank protection grass Level ground and its laying method (cn200810044214.3), arbor and bush in a hole implantation methods (cn02160200.x), side slope protection And the method and apparatus (cn200310111314.0) of greening etc.), but have focused largely on paspalum notatum and other grass seeds mixed plantings Ratio and implantation methods on (a kind of by biological engineering administer stony desertification method (cn201210131635.6)), main pin To interplanting method in bank protection area and stony desertification region paspalum notatum and other grass seeds etc., the method mostly adopting in terms of plantation is Directly sow or sod turf etc., because paspalum notatum easily survives and Biomass is big, in soil body consolidation, soil erosion less seriously Area serves the effect preferably protected and improve the ecological environment, but for the soil body is loose, soil degradation serious, soil nature desertifies and The extremely serious area of Soil erosion, soil erosion, conventional planting patternss can not function well as solid soil, preventing and treating soil is invaded Erosion, the effect conserving water and soil, especially in drought, moisture famine area, a lot of plants are due to being difficult to spend drying Hot weather and survive, vegetation coverage is relatively low, and ecosystem is fragile, Soil erosion, severe water and soil erosion, revegetation pole It is difficult, and conventional implantation methods cannot meet the needs of ecological recovery.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to improving above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, one kind is provided seriously to lack in drought, moisture Weary, soil degradation is serious, the soil body is loose and easily occurs Soil erosion, the region of soil erosion effectively to plant the side of paspalum notatum Method, effectively to carry out fixing of soil and conservation of water, preventing and treating Soil erosion and soil erosion, implements ecological recovery.
For achieving the above object, the following technical scheme of present invention offer:
A kind of implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss, comprise the following steps successively:
First, dig pit: dig pit on ground first, then all lay degradation material in the bottom in hole and inwall, and ensure Before degradation material degraded, the root of paspalum notatum will not penetrate degradation material, and the earthen backfill dug out is entered to be covered with degradable In the hole of material, then it is transplanted into after paspalum notatum nursery in hole, or direct nursery in hole, often cheat 1 plant or many plants of nursery;
2nd, nursery: first the seed of paspalum notatum is done Song Ying process, the thick fine earth of 1-2cm is covered on paspalum notatum seed, uses Water irrigates, in seedling raising process keep educate bed moisten, then fine earth surface spread one layer of grass to be incubated, temperature be maintained at 20-25 DEG C it Between, after paspalum notatum germination, transplant in paspalum notatum height of seedling 5-10cm;
3rd, field management: after transplanting, paspalum notatum Seedling is strengthened management, treat the good growth of paspalum notatum Seedling after two months, to it Carry out drought resisting exercise, during drought resisting is taken exercise, only supply a small amount of moisture to reduce paspalum notatum above ground portion increment, increase its root system Biomass, adapts to after drought environment and well-grown it is only necessary in supplementary its survival of a small amount of water tariff collection of arid season be after it Can.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the suitable for reading and lower mouth in described hole is rounded, loose, hardened according to upper soll layer Degree, the size in described hole is: back cut diameter is not less than 30cm, and lower port diameter is not less than 25cm, and depth is not less than 30cm.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described degradation material is degradable plastic bag or degradative flower bowl.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the degradative phase of described degradation material is 6-12 month.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described nursery step, in the place having irrigation conditions, in addition to the frost phase, one The four seasons in year all can transplant seedlings in plant division, transplants seedling then, nursery stage was advisable with the 2-4 month, directly sows, with 4-6 month for Suitable sowing time.
As the further scheme of the present invention: according to lineament, burn sth to the ground plantation and slope plantation: level land plantation When, the spacing in the rows of paspalum notatum is 50 × 50cm, per hectare sowing quantity 8-10kg;During the plantation of slope, the spacing in the rows of paspalum notatum between 50 × Between 50cm and 30 × 30cm, per hectare sowing quantity is 8-28kg.
As the further scheme of the present invention: according to the barren degree of soil, applied according to Mei Mu 0-5kg compound fertilizer Fertile.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described fertilising is divided into two ways: if being transplanted in hole after first nursery, Before transplanting, compound fertilizer is mixed homogeneously with the soil in hole;If nursery in hole, when height of seedling 5-10cm, in proportion Compound fertilizer is configured to compound fertilizer's aqueous solution of mass concentration 0.1-0.3%, then sprays around seedling.
As the further scheme of the present invention: described field management also includes, after paspalum notatum riotous growth, cut Green grass or young crops, to promote tiller and the growth of paspalum notatum.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention makes full use of that paspalum notatum root biomass is big, the feature of well developed root system, paspalum notatum is planted in and is covered with and can drop In the hole of solution material, by paspalum notatum is carried out with appropriate drought stress, promote paspalum notatum root growth;Limited by space in cheating System, paspalum notatum root system can not can only spiral and be deposited in hole bottom unrestrictedly downwards and to surrounding growth, and due to manual control Soil moisture, has only spilt a little moisture in upper soll layer, and paspalum notatum root is cheating after chassis rotation grows and directivity ground earthward Upper growth, forms " lantern " shape, the soil within hole tightly under root system restriction in space in hole of such paspalum notatum Wrap up;After 6-12 month, degradation material differentiation degraded, the growth of paspalum notatum root is no longer influenced by limiting, root system Growth downwards is thus absorb moisture from underground, after such process, paspalum notatum can be tight by loose topsoil again Hard-pressed bale wraps, and reaches solid soil, preventing and treating Soil erosion and the purpose conserving water and soil.
Invention achieves and sod turf and broadcast sowing same planting effect, and be better than broadcasting sowing grass planting effect.Work of the present invention Skill is simple and convenient to operate, and realizes stability speed soon, effect is good, economically feasible, and cost is low, simultaneously can be real well Now reduce soil erosion, fixing of soil and conservation of water, the target of ecological recovery, especially in drought, moisture serious deficiency area, for Conserve water and soil, revegetation has very high effect and using value.Meanwhile, the paspalum notatum of present invention plantation is a kind of excellent Herbage, as feedstuff, while water and soil is administered, can drive the development of local animal husbandry, bring for local animal husbandry development Extra economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of not making creative work, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
In the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss, comprise the following steps successively:
First, dig pit: dig pit on ground first, the size in hole is according to upper soll layer is loose, depending on hardened degree, hole suitable for reading Preferably rounded with lower mouth, the back cut diameter in general hole is not less than 30cm, and lower port diameter is not less than 25cm, and depth is not less than 30cm;Then all lay degradation material in the bottom in hole and inwall, degradation material can be degradable plastic bag it is also possible to It is degradative flower bowl, can also be other degradation materials, it is necessary to assure in degradation material degraded (the degradable material to laying The degradative phase of material is less demanding, generally 6-12 month) before, the root of paspalum notatum will not penetrate degradation material, will The earthen backfill dug out enters to be covered with the hole of degradation material, is then transplanted into after paspalum notatum nursery in hole, or directly in hole Nursery, often cheats 1 plant or many plants of nursery;
2nd, nursery: first the seed of paspalum notatum is done Song Ying process, the thick fine earth of 1-2cm is covered on paspalum notatum seed, uses Water irrigates, in seedling raising process keep educate bed moisten, then fine earth surface spread one layer of grass to be incubated, temperature be maintained at 20-25 DEG C it Between, after paspalum notatum germination, transplant in paspalum notatum height of seedling 5-10cm;In the place having irrigation conditions, in addition to the frost phase, All plant division can transplant seedlings throughout the year, transplant seedling then, nursery stage was advisable with the 2-4 month, directly sow, with 4-6 month be The most suitable sowing time;
Depending on the planting density of paspalum notatum can be according to lineament, if physical features is flat, the spacing in the rows of paspalum notatum generally 50 × 50cm, per hectare sowing quantity 8-10kg;If landform is hillside fields, and when the gradient is larger, can will be suitable for the planting density of paspalum notatum Increase, the spacing in the rows of paspalum notatum is generally 30 × 30cm, per hectare sowing quantity 22-28kg;
3rd, field management: after transplanting, paspalum notatum is strengthened management, treat the good growth of paspalum notatum Seedling after two months, it is entered Row drought resisting is taken exercise, and during drought resisting is taken exercise, only supplies a small amount of moisture to reduce paspalum notatum above ground portion increment, increases the life of its root system Thing amount, adapts to after drought environment and well-grown it is only necessary to it is survived in the supplementary a small amount of water tariff collection of arid season after it.
In view of the impoverishment tolerant characteristic of paspalum notatum, according to the barren degree of soil, applied according to Mei Mu 0-5kg compound fertilizer Fertilizer, to ensure paspalum notatum well-grown.For example in special dead soil plant if, can according to every mu of 5kg about Compound fertilizer is applied fertilizer.According to whether being nursery in hole, can point two ways apply fertilizer: if being transplanted into hole after first nursery In, before transplanting, compound fertilizer is mixed homogeneously with the soil in hole;If nursery in hole, when height of seedling 5-10cm, press Compound fertilizer is configured to compound fertilizer's aqueous solution of mass concentration 0.1-0.3% by ratio, then sprays around seedling.
In the embodiment of the present invention, after paspalum notatum riotous growth, can also suitably be cut green grass or young crops, both can have been promoted paspalum notatum Tiller and growth, can be that animal husbandry provides feedstuff, thus bringing extra economic benefit for local animal husbandry development again.
The present invention makes full use of that paspalum notatum root biomass is big, the feature of well developed root system, paspalum notatum is planted in and is covered with and can drop In the hole of solution material, by paspalum notatum is carried out with appropriate drought stress, promote paspalum notatum root growth;Limited by space in cheating System, paspalum notatum root system can not can only spiral and be deposited in hole bottom unrestrictedly downwards and to surrounding growth, and due to manual control Soil moisture, has only spilt a little moisture in upper soll layer, and paspalum notatum root is cheating after chassis rotation grows and directivity ground earthward Upper growth, forms " lantern " shape, the soil within hole tightly under root system restriction in space in hole of such paspalum notatum Wrap up;After 6-12 month, degradation material differentiation degraded, the growth of paspalum notatum root is no longer influenced by limiting, root system Growth downwards is thus absorb moisture from underground, after such process, paspalum notatum can be tight by loose topsoil again Hard-pressed bale wraps, and reaches solid soil, preventing and treating Soil erosion and the purpose conserving water and soil.
Invention achieves and sod turf and broadcast sowing same planting effect, and be better than broadcasting sowing grass planting effect.Work of the present invention Skill is simple and convenient to operate, and realizes stability speed soon, effect is good, economically feasible, and cost is low, simultaneously can be real well Now reduce soil erosion, fixing of soil and conservation of water, the target of ecological recovery, especially in drought, moisture serious deficiency area, for Conserve water and soil, revegetation has very high effect and using value.Meanwhile, the paspalum notatum of present invention plantation is a kind of excellent Herbage, as feedstuff, while water and soil is administered, can drive the development of local animal husbandry, bring for local animal husbandry development Extra economic benefit.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of the spirit or essential attributes of the present invention, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all in the implication and scope of the equivalency of claim by falling Change is included in the present invention.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although this specification is been described by according to embodiment, not each embodiment only wraps Containing an independent technical scheme, only for clarity, those skilled in the art should for this narrating mode of description Using description as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment can also form those skilled in the art through appropriately combined Understandable other embodiment.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss are it is characterised in that comprise the following steps successively:
First, dig pit: dig pit on ground first, then all lay degradation material in the bottom in hole and inwall, and ensure to drop Before solution material degradation, the root of paspalum notatum will not penetrate degradation material, and the earthen backfill dug out is entered to be covered with degradation material Hole in, be then transplanted into after paspalum notatum nursery in hole, or direct nursery in hole, often cheat 1 plant or many plants of nursery;
2nd, nursery: first the seed of paspalum notatum is done Song Ying process, the thick fine earth of 1-2cm is covered on paspalum notatum seed, is poured with water Thoroughly, in seedling raising process keep educate bed moisten, then fine earth surface spread one layer of grass to be incubated, temperature is maintained between 20-25 DEG C, treats After paspalum notatum germination, transplant in paspalum notatum height of seedling 5-10cm;
3rd, field management: after transplanting, paspalum notatum Seedling is strengthened management, treat the good growth of paspalum notatum Seedling after two months, it is carried out Drought resisting is taken exercise, and during drought resisting is taken exercise, only supplies a small amount of moisture to reduce paspalum notatum above ground portion increment, increases its root system biological Amount, adapts to after drought environment and well-grown it is only necessary to it is survived in the supplementary a small amount of water tariff collection of arid season after it;
The suitable for reading and lower mouth in described hole is rounded, and according to upper soll layer is loose, hardened degree, the size in described hole is: suitable for reading straight Footpath is not less than 30cm, and lower port diameter is not less than 25cm, and depth is not less than 30cm;
According to lineament, burn sth to the ground plantation and slope plantation: during the plantation of level land, the spacing in the rows of paspalum notatum is 50 × 50cm, often Hectare sowing quantity 8-10kg;During the plantation of slope, the spacing in the rows of paspalum notatum between 50 × 50cm and 30 × 30cm, plant by per hectare Measure as 8-28kg;
According to the barren degree of soil, applied fertilizer according to Mei Mu 0-5kg compound fertilizer;
Described field management also includes, and after paspalum notatum riotous growth, carries out cutting green grass or young crops, to promote tiller and the growth of paspalum notatum.
2. the implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss according to claim 1 are it is characterised in that described degradable material Expect for degradable plastic bag or degradative flower bowl.
3. the implantation methods according to the arbitrary described paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss of claim 1 and 2 are it is characterised in that described The degradative phase of degradation material is 6-12 month.
4. the implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss according to claim 1 and 2 are it is characterised in that described nursery Step, in the place having irrigation conditions, in addition to the frost phase, all can transplant seedlings throughout the year in plant division, transplants seedling, nursery stage then For the 2-4 month, directly sowing, with 4-6 month as sowing time.
5. the implantation methods of paspalum notatum prevention soil and water loss according to claim 1 are it is characterised in that described fertilising is divided into Two ways: if being transplanted in hole after first nursery, before transplanting, compound fertilizer is mixed homogeneously with the soil in hole;As Fruit be hole in nursery, when height of seedling 5-10cm, in proportion by compound fertilizer be configured to mass concentration 0.1-0.3% compound fertilizer water-soluble Liquid, then spray around seedling.
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