CN104521372B - A kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device - Google Patents

A kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104521372B
CN104521372B CN201410832574.5A CN201410832574A CN104521372B CN 104521372 B CN104521372 B CN 104521372B CN 201410832574 A CN201410832574 A CN 201410832574A CN 104521372 B CN104521372 B CN 104521372B
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seedlings nursing
seedling rearing
main box
nursing plate
germinating cabinet
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CN104521372A (en
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彭柱强
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to crop seeds class water planting equipment technical field, specifically related to a kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device, the central control system electrically connected including main box and with main box, adiabator layer is provided with the wall body of main box, germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room are provided with main box, middle part longitudinal direction in germinating cabinet is provided with central spray equipment, ultraviolet germicidal lamp is provided with germinating cabinet, middle part longitudinal direction in seedling rearing room is provided with central spray equipment, ultraviolet germicidal and plant lamp are provided with seedling rearing room, the highdensity stratiform support frame for being used to place seedlings nursing plate is equipped with germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room, stratiform support frame includes left frame and the correct frame laterally set side by side, central spray equipment is arranged between left frame and correct frame, the bottom of main box is provided with temperature regulating device, it has simple in construction, product yield is high, yield is big, type of rearing safety and sanitation, it is pure natural pollution-free, floor space is few, cost of labor is low, the characteristics of market popularization value is big.

Description

A kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device
Technical field
The present invention relates to crop seeds class water planting equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device.
Background technology
In numerous crops, most crops are all planted or utilized again with cultivating seeds budding, Such as wheat malt in five cereals crop, bean sprouts is kind that is edible at present relatively broad and having the call.It is large-scale at present to educate Bud mode is that culture is planted in greenhouse base, there is floor space greatly, human cost is high, planting environment is difficult to control to, general Small-sized peasant household or dealer are difficult with.
With the development of mechanization, the breeding apparatus of many mechanical automations is occurred in that at present.Such as Chinese invention patent CN201004888Y, denomination of invention Full-automatic bean sprout cultivates equipment, including raising chamber and multiple bean sprout cultivations cylinder just before going to bed;Raising chamber Top on be fixed with water spray tube shifting device mounting seat, below equipped with a guide rail, the both sides of guide rail are respectively provided with assembly pulley, Assembly pulley is connected with water spray tube shifting device, and water spray tube shifting device is combined the unit by sparge pipe bearing support and sparge pipe to be connected Connect, the lower section of bean sprout cultivation cylinder is equipped with the grid for putting beans kind, and bean sprout cultivation cylinder is provided with osculum, multiple bean sprouts in the lower section of grid Cultivate cylinder and be thrown into raising chamber, water spray tube shifting device is located at the top of multiple bean sprout cultivations cylinder, by controlling spray Time and number of times, place the problem of bean sprouts is easily sent out rotten.But the automaticity of the equipment is relatively low, it is impossible to accomplish high-yield and high-efficiency Cultivate on ground.
Equipment is cultivated in another Chinese patent CN201733689U, denomination of invention bean sprouts production, and the equipment is equipped with ozone Device, the ozone gas vent of the ozone generator is connected with water tank.Casing uses full laminated heat-preserving, built in water tank.Growing floor is adopted Designed with drawer type or bucket type.Micro computer operating control device is also configured with, bean sprout growth basket bottom is that apopore is strip. In order to produce shoot vegetable, equipment is also equipped with transparent glass door, light source is additionally provided with casing.Using active oxygen generating plant energy The bacterium in spray-water is enough killed, and the growing space of bean sprouts is delivered to by shower water, so as to eliminate rotten bud phenomenon.Beans The drum seam apopore design of bud growth basket can not only ensure that current are unobstructed, prevent that local temperature is too high and causes bacterium numerous Grow, and can also prevent that apopore from being blocked by bean sprouts.Provides the apparatus the bean sprout cultivation equipment of higher automation, but it is urged Bud and nursery are all in same casing, not control effectively and area for two kinds of different nurturing an environment of vernalization and nursery Not, yield poorly, so that the problem of causing to cultivate high cost.
In order to improve the yield of product, many producers use nutrient solution or can be as early as possible using oxytocic at present Germinating growth, although improve the yield of product, but production cost is improved, and excessive nourishing additive agent is to the health of human body There is certain harm hidden danger.A kind of the problem of people are for food security growing interest, it is desirable to have more safe and healthy food Type of rearing.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to educate bud hydroponic device there is provided a kind of seed for deficiency of the prior art, and it has knot Structure is simple, and product yield is high, and yield is big, type of rearing safety and sanitation, and pure natural pollution-free, floor space is few, cost of labor is low, The characteristics of market popularization value is big.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device, including main box and the central control system that is electrically connected with main box, main box Wall body in be provided with adiabator layer, the middle part longitudinal direction being provided with germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room, germinating cabinet in main box is provided with The middle part longitudinal direction being provided with central spray equipment, germinating cabinet in ultraviolet germicidal lamp, seedling rearing room is provided with central spray equipment, Ultraviolet germicidal and plant lamp are provided with seedling rearing room.In order to strengthen the effect of sterilization, bactericidal lamp used in the present invention it is luminous Spectral line mainly has 245nm and 185nm two, and 254nm ultraviolets kill bacterium by irradiating the DNA of microorganism, and 185nm is ultraviolet Oxygen in air can be become ozone by line, and ozone has strong oxidation, can effectively kill bacterium, and the dispersivity of ozone is proper It can make up well because ultraviolet only has the shortcomings that dead angle along straightline propagation, sterilization.
The same wavelength to plant lamp of the invention is improved.Plant lamp generally comprises red wavelength and blue wavelength, red wavelength 620nm, Chlorophyll absorption rate is low, and photosynthesis and photoinductive cycles are had a significant impact, blue wavelength 460nm, chlorophyll and class Carrotene assimilation ratio is maximum, influences larger to photosynthesis, both spectrum ratios are set into 1:1, plant lamp has absolute Peak value, intensity of illumination is controlled between 5000-25000lux, can effectively reduce the growth cycle of crop, improves yield.The present invention Used plant lamp is banding type LED plant lamps, i.e., several LED emitting components, band are provided with the circuit board of banding The plant lamp of shape formula may be provided at the inwall of seedling rearing room, can effectively reduce the space that plant lamp is occupied in casing, improve nursery Indoor space availability ratio.
The highdensity stratiform support frame for being used to place seedlings nursing plate, stratiform carriage are equipped with germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room Frame includes left frame and the correct frame laterally set side by side, and central spray equipment is arranged between left frame and correct frame, main tank The bottom of body is provided with temperature regulating device, the distance between two layers framework up and down of the stratiform support frame in germinating cabinet with germinating cabinet Highly than being 1:The distance between two layers framework up and down of stratiform support frame in 18-25, seedling rearing room and nursery chamber height Than for 1:9-12.It can place 18-25 layers of seedlings nursing plate by phase longitudinal direction in germinating cabinet high 2m of a height, and nursery Indoor relative longitudinal direction can place 9-12 layers of seedlings nursing plate.Traditional mutually level germinating cabinet, the inside can at most place 10 layers The seedlings nursing plate of left and right.The inner volume that the present invention is preferably provided with main box is 5.53m(It is long)×2.2m(It is wide)×2.1m(It is high), preferably The distance between two layers framework is set to 9cm up and down in germinating cabinet, then left frame and correct frame is each can place 22 seedlings nursing plates, Then the single row of one row of high density germinating cabinet two can just place 44 seedlings nursing plates, and 10-20 seedlings nursing plate can only be at most put than tradition Quantity it is many at least one times, then the yield of its unit area also can be lifted significantly.Two layers framework up and down in seedling rearing room it Between distance be 23cm, the single row of one row of high density seedling rearing room two can just place 22 seedlings nursing plates, be arranged than traditional incubator one Two rows can only at most place 10 seedlings nursing plates, and yield per unit area is also significantly lifted.
Wherein, the central spray equipment includes water-supply-pipe and and the water delivery being longitudinally disposed between left frame and correct frame 360 ° of spraying nozzles of pipe connection, water-supply-pipe is provided with several 360 ° of spraying nozzles.
Wherein, the height of the seedlings nursing plate is the distance between two layers framework up and down of the stratiform support frame in germinating cabinet 1/4.The height of seedlings nursing plate is improved according to the demand of the present invention, by the height down of traditional seedlings nursing plate, it is preferred that The height of seedlings nursing plate is 6cm, you can meets the demand of vernalization and nursery, and can significantly lift placement nursery in main box The quantity of disk, lifts productivity per unit.
Wherein, the interior bottom surface central protrusion of the seedlings nursing plate and it is sloped downwardly to two, the inner bottom part table of seedlings nursing plate Face is fitted with seed and fixes seeding layer, and the bottom of the both sides of seedlings nursing plate is provided with weep hole.
Wherein, the surface of the seed fixation seeding layer is covered with the double wedge raised up uniformly arranged, the surface of double wedge Same level position is in, seed fixes the both sides of seeding layer to provided with osculum.
Wherein, the both sides of the left frame and correct frame are provided with the horizontal branch of the bottom for support seedlings nursing plate both sides Bar, lateral strut is provided with rhone.
Wherein, the germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room longitudinal direction can at least put two row seedlings nursing plates.
Wherein, it is connection, the door of Liang Ge germinating cabinets between the quantity at least two of the germinating cabinet, Liang Ge germinating cabinets It is located at the both sides of main box respectively and shifts to install;It is to connect that the quantity of the seedling rearing room, which is at least between four, four seedling rearing rooms, Logical, the door of four seedling rearing rooms is staggered in the both sides of main box.
Wherein, the water-supply-pipe is arranged between preceding next two columns seedlings nursing plate, the seedlings nursing plate of preceding next two columns and the row of left and right two it Between provided with 360 ° of spraying nozzle.
Wherein, the quantity of the germinating cabinet is two, and the quantity of the seedling rearing room is to be placed in four, Liang Ge germinating cabinets Seedlings nursing plate quantity is equal to the quantity that four seedling rearing rooms place seedlings nursing plate.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:1st, by setting germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room in main box, and to germinating cabinet and educate Seedling room sets different environment to adapt to the growth demand of different times crops respectively, and ultraviolet-sterilization is provided with germinating cabinet This needs the condition increase plant of illumination to nursery period in lamp, pollution of the bacterium to seed when can reduce vernalization, seedling rearing room Lamp, the speed of the nursery of raising.
2nd, main box is electrically connected with central control system, the weather conditions in main box can be controlled and be adjusted Heat-insulation layer is provided with section, the wall of main box, the temperature in casing can be effectively maintained, prevents the outer temperature of case to case vivo environment Influence, by the comprehensively monitoring of central control system, including temperature, humidity, ozone concentration and heating signal in casing, humidification Signal, plant modulating signal etc. information are very clear, convenient control and operation.
3rd, it is equipped with germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room in the highdensity stratiform support frame for being used to place seedlings nursing plate, germinating cabinet The distance between two layers framework up and down of stratiform support frame with vernalization chamber height ratio be 1:Layer in 18-25, seedling rearing room The distance between two layers framework up and down of shape support frame is 1 with nursery chamber height ratio:9-12, by germinating cabinet and nursery The restriction of the suitable dimension of indoor rearing seed plate, by the maximum utilizationization in space in casing, can effectively improve area yield.
4th, central spray equipment is arranged between left frame and correct frame, different from traditional top spray mode, center Spray equipment can prevent that the seedlings nursing plate ponding in tip position is excessive and rots by being sprayed from centre to surrounding, but place In beneath seedlings nursing plate, often because of moisture content deficiency, growing way is slow, and from centre to surrounding, spray solves this technical problem, So that the moisture content that the seedlings nursing plate of different height is obtained is all than more uniform, the unified stabilization of product quality, yield height.
5th, the present invention is transformed by being simulated ecological environment to the production environment in germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room, can be with Be the purpose that can reach high-yield and high-efficiency culture using running water, it is not necessary to using nutrient solution or other plant growths urge long element or Pesticide sterilizing, has saved toxigenic capacity, and improves the edible safety coefficient of crop, beneficial to health.
6th, the present invention can be suitably used for kind of a cultivation for subclass crop, such as barley, bean sprouts, and quality control is stable, takes up an area face Small, the high degree of automation of product.
Brief description of the drawings
Invention is described further using accompanying drawing, but the embodiment in accompanying drawing does not constitute any limitation of the invention, For one of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, it can also be obtained according to the following drawings Its accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the front view that a kind of seed of the invention educates bud hydroponic device;
Fig. 2 is the nursery doors structure schematic diagram that a kind of seed of the invention educates bud hydroponic device;
Fig. 3 is the seedlings nursing plate diagrammatic cross-section that a kind of seed of the invention educates bud hydroponic device;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation for the horizontal support that a kind of seed of the invention educates bud hydroponic device;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that a kind of seed of the invention educates bud hydroponic device embodiment three.
Reference includes:
1 --- --- seedling rearing room 3 --- central spray equipment 31 --- water-supply-pipe of germinating cabinet 2
32 --- 360 ° of spraying nozzles 4 --- ultraviolet germicidal 5 --- plant lamps
6 --- --- double wedge 62 --- weep hole 7 --- left frames of seedlings nursing plate 61
8 --- --- door 10 --- lateral strut 11 --- rhones of correct frame 9
12 --- central control system.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described with accompanying drawing with the following Examples.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Fig. 1 to 2, a kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device, including main box and the center control that is electrically connected with main box It is provided with system 12 processed, the wall body of main box in adiabator layer, main box and is provided with germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2, in germinating cabinet 1 Middle part longitudinal direction be provided with central spray equipment 3, germinating cabinet 1 and be provided with ultraviolet germicidal lamp, the middle part longitudinal direction in seedling rearing room 2 Direction is provided with central spray equipment 3, seedling rearing room 2 and is provided with ultraviolet germicidal 4 and plant lamp 5.
The central spray equipment 3 includes water-supply-pipe 31 and and the water delivery being longitudinally disposed between left frame 7 and correct frame 8 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32 that pipe 31 is connected, water-supply-pipe 31 is provided with several 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32.
The height of the seedlings nursing plate 6 is the distance between two layers framework up and down of the stratiform support frame in germinating cabinet 1 1/4.The height of seedlings nursing plate 6 is improved according to the demand of the present invention, by the height down of traditional seedlings nursing plate 6, it is preferred that The height of seedlings nursing plate 6 is 6cm, you can meets the demand of vernalization and nursery, and can significantly lift placement in main box and educates The quantity of seed plate 6, lifts productivity per unit.
By setting germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2 in main box, and different is set respectively with seedling rearing room 2 to germinating cabinet 1 Environment to adapt to the growth demand of different times crops, ultraviolet germicidal 4 is provided with the germinating cabinet 1, vernalization can be reduced When pollution of the bacterium to seed, increase in seedling rearing room 2 needs the condition of illumination to increase plant lamp 5, the nursery of raising to nursery period Speed.In order to strengthen the effect of sterilization, the luminescence spectrum of bactericidal lamp used in the present invention mainly has 245nm and 185nm two Bar, 254nm ultraviolets kill bacterium by irradiating the DNA of microorganism, and the oxygen in air can be become smelly by 185nm ultraviolets Oxygen, ozone has strong oxidation, can effectively kill bacterium, and the dispersivity of ozone can make up because ultraviolet is only along straight just Line is propagated, sterilization has the shortcomings that dead angle.
The same wavelength to plant lamp 5 of the invention is improved.Plant lamp 5 generally comprises red wavelength and blue wavelength, red ripple Long 620nm, Chlorophyll absorption rate is low, and photosynthesis and photoinductive cycles are had a significant impact, blue wavelength 460nm, chlorophyll with Carotenoid assimilation ratio is maximum, influences larger to photosynthesis, both spectrum ratios are set into 1:1, plant lamp 5 has Absolute peak, intensity of illumination is controlled between 5000-25000lux.The plant lamp 5 of the present invention is banding type LED plant lamps 5, i.e., Several LED emitting components are provided with the circuit board of banding, the plant lamp 5 of banding type is arranged on the inwall of seedling rearing room 2, can To substantially reduce occupancy of the plant lamp 5 to the interior space, and multiple plant lamps 5 are vertically arranged along inwall, can ensure that and educate Seed plate 6 can also obtain uniform illumination in relatively intensive environment, improve breeding efficiency.
Main box is electrically connected with central control system 12, the weather conditions in main box can be controlled and be adjusted Heat-insulation layer is provided with section, the wall of main box, the temperature in casing can be effectively maintained, prevents the outer temperature of case to case vivo environment Influence, the present embodiment respectively can also increase an air-conditioning in germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2, effectively stably to control main box Interior temperature.Center system control used in the present invention, can control to include compressor of air conditioner, high-pressure hydraulic pump machine, interior Temperature, indoor humidity, except defrosting system, warning system, air exchange system, sterilized signal, plant modulating signal, gas concentration lwevel and smelly Oxygen concentration etc. carries out effective detection and Automated condtrol, and is set with reservation function, timed startup/shutdown function etc., to do Cultivate and manage to comprehensive automation.
The highdensity stratiform support frame for being used to place seedlings nursing plate 6, germinating cabinet 1 are equipped with germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2 The distance between two layers framework up and down of interior stratiform support frame H1 is 1 with the inner height H3 ratios of germinating cabinet 1:18-25, seedling rearing room The distance between two layers framework up and down of stratiform support frame in 2 H2 and the inner height H3 ratios of seedling rearing room 2 are 1:9-12, by right The restriction of the suitable dimension of seedlings nursing plate 6 in germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2, the maximum utilizationization in space in casing can be effectively improved Area yield.The highdensity stratiform support frame for being used to place seedlings nursing plate 6, stratiform branch are equipped with germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2 Support frame frame includes left frame 7 and the correct frame 8 laterally set side by side, and central spray equipment 3 is arranged on left frame 7 and correct frame 8 Between, the bottom of main box is provided with the distance between two layers framework up and down of the stratiform support frame in temperature regulating device, germinating cabinet 1 H1 is 1 with the inner height H3 ratios of germinating cabinet 1:Between two layers of framework up and down of stratiform support frame in 18-25, seedling rearing room 2 away from It is 1 from H2 and the inner height H3 ratios of seedling rearing room 2:9-12.The inner volume that the present invention is preferably provided with main box is 5.53m(It is long)×2.2m (It is wide)×2.1m(It is high), the distance between two layers framework is set to 9cm up and down preferably in germinating cabinet 1, then left frame 7 and correct frame 8 it is each can place 22 seedlings nursing plates 6, then the single row of 1 one row of high density germinating cabinet two can just place 44 seedlings nursing plates 6, than pass The quantity that system can only at most put 10-20 seedlings nursing plate 6 is more at least one times, then the yield of its unit area also can be carried significantly Rise.The distance between two layers framework up and down in seedling rearing room 2 is 18cm, and the single row of 2 one row of high density seedling rearing room two can just put 22 seedlings nursing plates 6 are put, 10 seedlings nursing plates can only be at most placed than traditional row of one row of incubator two, yield per unit area is also significantly Lifting.
Central spray equipment 3 is arranged between left frame 7 and correct frame 8, and central spray equipment 3 passes through from centre to surrounding Spray.The problem of traditional top spray mode is present has, and the seedlings nursing plate ponding in tip position is excessive and rots, but is in Often because of moisture content deficiency, growing way is slow for beneath seedlings nursing plate, and from centre to surrounding, spray solves this technical problem, makes Not be located on moisture content that the seedlings nursing plate 6 of height obtains all than more uniform, product quality is unified stable, and yield is high.
It is preferred that, the quantity of seedlings nursing plate 6 placed in germinating cabinet 1 is equal to the quantity that seedling rearing room 2 places seedlings nursing plate 6.Then vernalization Room 1 and seedling rearing room 2 can synchronous productions, yield height, utilization rate of equipment and installations height.
By setting germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2 in main box, and different is set respectively with seedling rearing room 2 to germinating cabinet 1 Environment to adapt to the growth demand of different times crops, ultraviolet germicidal 4 is provided with the germinating cabinet 1, vernalization can be reduced When pollution of the bacterium to seed, increase in seedling rearing room 2 needs the condition of illumination to increase plant lamp 5, the nursery of raising to nursery period Speed.
Main box is electrically connected with central control system 12, the weather conditions in main box can be controlled and be adjusted Heat-insulation layer is provided with section, the wall of main box, the temperature in casing can be effectively maintained, prevents the outer temperature of case to case vivo environment Influence, by the comprehensively monitoring of central control system 12, including temperature, humidity, ozone concentration and heating signal in casing plus Wet signal, the signal of plant lamp 5 etc. information are very clear, convenient control and operation.
Central spray equipment 3 is arranged between left frame 7 and correct frame 8, different from traditional top spray mode, center Spray equipment 3 can prevent that the ponding of seedlings nursing plate 6 in tip position is excessive and rots by being sprayed from centre to surrounding, but In beneath seedlings nursing plate 6, often because of moisture content deficiency, growing way is slow, and from centre to surrounding, spray solves this technology and asked Topic so that the moisture content that the seedlings nursing plate 6 of different height is obtained is all than more uniform, the unified stabilization of product quality, yield height.
Transformed by being simulated ecological environment to the production environment in germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2, it is possible to use from Water is the purpose that can reach high-yield and high-efficiency culture, it is not necessary to urge long element or agricultural chemicals to kill using nutrient solution or other plant growths Bacterium, has saved toxigenic capacity, and improves the edible safety coefficient of crop, beneficial to health.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment and the difference of embodiment 1 are:Further, the central spray equipment 3 includes being longitudinally disposed at Water-supply-pipe 31 between left frame 7 and correct frame 8 and 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32 being connected with water-supply-pipe 31, water-supply-pipe 31 are provided with Several 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32.Specifically, the two ends of 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32 are provided with the screw thread being connected with water-supply-pipe 31,360 ° The middle part circumference of spraying nozzle 32 is provided with several delivery ports, and the middle part of 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32, which is provided with, can rotate against rotation Head, spray the fogging degree of water by controlling the clearance control shower nozzle between two heads, the water-supply-pipe 31 sets It is placed between preceding next two columns seedlings nursing plate 6, that is, is arranged on the middle part of four seedlings nursing plates 6, preceding next two columns and the row's of left and right two educates Provided with 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32 between seed plate 6, it can be ensured that four seedlings nursing plates 6 near 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32 All obtain the moisture content of uniform abundance.And occupancy of the water-supply-pipe 31 to space in case can be effectively reduced, space in case is improved Utilization rate.It is preferred that, 360 ° of spraying nozzles 32 gush out for spray water, projected area is big, and uniform spraying, water consumption is few, energy Increase indoor humidity, excellent effect comprehensively.
The height of the seedlings nursing plate 6 is the distance between two layers framework up and down of the stratiform support frame in germinating cabinet 1 1/4.Traditional seedlings nursing plate is because be easy to the growth of crop, at least more than 9 centimetres of its height, therefore can occupy empty in larger case Between.The present invention is reasonably reduced the height of seedlings nursing plate 6, be above and below space between two seedlings nursing plates 6 be 1/4, educate The height of seed plate 6 is also 1/4, preferably 6cm, by it is demonstrated experimentally that the spacing does not interfere with the normal culture of vernalization and nursery, And it is too high so as to wasting space to reduce seedlings nursing plate 6.Because typically using incubator cultivate bean sprouts height not over 10cm, and even wheat malt, highest are not more than cultivation more than 20cm, therefore in germinating cabinet 1, between seedlings nursing plate 6 Spacing can shorten, and in seedling rearing room 2, and the distance between two layers framework up and down of the stratiform support frame in seedling rearing room 2 is with educating The inner height ratio of seedling room 2 is 1:9-12, the general casing inner height for cultivating equipment is 2m or so, i.e., between two seedlings nursing plates 6 between Gap can also reach 18-23cm or so, and the growth of crops is met enough.
The interior bottom surface central protrusion of the seedlings nursing plate 6 is simultaneously sloped downwardly to two, the interior bottom surface patch of seedlings nursing plate 6 Close and fix seeding layer provided with seed, the bottom of the both sides of seedlings nursing plate 6 is provided with weep hole 62.Inner surface of the invention by seedlings nursing plate 6 Bottom is set to tilt to both sides, and the bottom of both sides beveled end is provided with weep hole 62, can aid in the timely of water in seedlings nursing plate 6 Excretion, prevents occurring ponding in seedlings nursing plate 6 and cause sprout to send out rotten.Because the surface in seedlings nursing plate 6 is tilted, in order that seed is equal Even distribution, does not accumulate, and being fitted with seed in the interior bottom surface of seedlings nursing plate 6 fixes seeding layer, can be provided with projection Fine-structure mesh, the seed sowed can be evenly distributed in grid, stopped by raised netting twine and isolated, even if can then make seed not Even curface can be also uniformly distributed.
As shown in Figure 3, it is preferred that the surface that the seed fixes seeding layer is covered with the double wedge raised up uniformly arranged 61, the surface of double wedge 61 is in same level position, and seed fixes the both sides of seeding layer to provided with osculum.Double wedge 61 it Between gap preferably between 1.5-2mm, prevent that seed is embedded in, the root of double wedge 61 is upwardly extended along inclined surface, often The surface of individual double wedge 61 extends to same level, then the top of double wedge 61 forms a horizontal surface, and seed is sowed, Can normally it cultivate, obtained nursery is neatly unified, quality is more stablized.In addition, moisture content of the spray in seedlings nursing plate 6 can be along Inclined-plane is drained, and raised double wedge 61 further prevents that seed is immersed in generation in water and gone rotten, and obtained Quality of Seedlings is more preferable, yield It is higher.More specifically, whole framework is integrally formed with convex surfaces, can be recycled, and reduces material cost.
As shown in figure 4, the both sides of the left frame 7 and correct frame 8 are provided with the bottom for the both sides of support seedlings nursing plate 6 Lateral strut 10, lateral strut 10 be provided with rhone 11.Water under the row of seedlings nursing plate 6 can be along the draining in lateral strut 10 Groove 11 is drained, and is prevented that excessive moisture from accumulating, is flowed in lower floor's seedlings nursing plate 6, can fully ensure that the moisture control essence of seedlings nursing plate 6 Degree, so as to improve yield and improve quality.
The other technical characteristics of the present embodiment use the explanation of embodiment 1, will not be repeated here.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment is further qualified to this hydroponic device, and the germinating cabinet 1 and the longitudinal direction of seedling rearing room 2 can at least be put Two row seedlings nursing plates 6.Increase the utilization rate of germinating cabinet 1 and seedling rearing room 2, improve area output.
As shown in figure 5, being connection between further, the quantity at least two of the germinating cabinet 1, Liang Ge germinating cabinets 1 , the door 9 of Liang Ge germinating cabinets 1 positioned at the both sides of main box and is shifted to install respectively;The quantity of the seedling rearing room 2 is at least four It is individual, it is connection between four seedling rearing rooms 2, the door 9 of four seedling rearing rooms 2 is staggered in the both sides of main box.I.e. each vernalization The 2 placement row seedlings nursing plates 6 of two row four in room 1 or seedling rearing room, single germinating cabinet 1 or seedling rearing room 2 set single open-door, adjacent germinating cabinet 1 or seedling rearing room 2 set and open the door in the opposite side of casing, than traditional unidirectional double door, more improve the utilization rate of the interior space, Improve area output.The quantity one for the seedlings nursing plate 6 placed in the seedlings nursing plate 6 and four seedling rearing rooms 2 placed in Liang Ge germinating cabinets 1 Cause, then two rooms can realize continuity simultaneously into production, and yield is high, and data utilization rate is high.
The inwall of seedling rearing room 2 in the present embodiment is made by mirror face stainless steel, makes the light of plant lamp 5 and ultraviolet effectively anti- It is emitted back towards to utilize, improves the utilization rate of resource.
The other technical characteristics of the present embodiment using the explanation of embodiment 1 and embodiment 2, will not be repeated here.
Finally it should be noted that the above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical solutions of the present invention, rather than to present invention guarantor The limitation of scope is protected, although being explained with reference to preferred embodiment to the present invention, one of ordinary skill in the art should Work as understanding, technical scheme can be modified or equivalent, without departing from the reality of technical solution of the present invention Matter and scope.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of seed educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:The center control system electrically connected including main box and with main box It is provided with system, the wall body of main box in adiabator layer, main box and is provided with germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room, the middle part longitudinal direction in germinating cabinet Direction is provided with the middle part longitudinal direction being provided with central spray equipment, germinating cabinet in ultraviolet germicidal lamp, seedling rearing room provided with center Provided with ultraviolet germicidal and plant lamp in spray equipment, seedling rearing room, it is equipped with germinating cabinet and seedling rearing room highdensity for putting The stratiform support frame of seedlings nursing plate is put, stratiform support frame includes left frame and the correct frame laterally set side by side, center spray Device is arranged between left frame and correct frame, and the bottom of main box is provided with the stratiform support frame in temperature regulating device, germinating cabinet The distance between two layers framework up and down with vernalization chamber height ratio be 1:Stratiform support frame in 18-25, seedling rearing room it is upper The distance between lower two layers of framework is 1 with nursery chamber height ratio:9-12;The interior bottom surface central protrusion of the seedlings nursing plate is simultaneously It is sloped downwardly to two, the interior bottom surface of seedlings nursing plate is fitted with seed and fixes seeding layer, and the bottom of the both sides of seedlings nursing plate is set There is weep hole, the surface that the seed fixes seeding layer is covered with the double wedge raised up uniformly arranged, the surface Jun Chu of double wedge In same level position, the both sides that seed fixes seeding layer are correspondingly provided with osculum, and the height of the seedlings nursing plate is in germinating cabinet The distance between two layers framework up and down of stratiform support frame 1/4.
2. a kind of seed according to claim 1 educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:The central spray equipment includes The water-supply-pipe being longitudinally disposed between left frame and correct frame and 360 ° of spraying nozzles being connected with water-supply-pipe, water-supply-pipe are provided with Several 360 ° of spraying nozzles.
3. a kind of seed according to claim 1 educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:The left frame and correct frame Both sides are provided with the lateral strut of the bottom for support seedlings nursing plate both sides, and lateral strut is provided with rhone.
4. a kind of seed according to claim 2 educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:The plant lamp is banding type Plant lamp, the red wavelength of plant lamp is 1 with the spectrum ratio setting of blue wavelength:1, intensity of illumination is controlled in 5000-25000lux Between.
5. a kind of seed according to claim 1 educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the germinating cabinet is at least It is connection for two, between Liang Ge germinating cabinets, the door of Liang Ge germinating cabinets positioned at the both sides of main box and is shifted to install respectively;Institute Stating the quantity of seedling rearing room, to be at least between four, four seedling rearing rooms be connection, and the door of four seedling rearing rooms is staggered in main tank The both sides of body.
6. a kind of seed according to claim 4 educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:Before and after the water-supply-pipe is arranged at Between two row seedlings nursing plates, provided with 360 ° of spraying nozzles between the seedlings nursing plate of preceding next two columns and the row of left and right two.
7. a kind of seed according to claim 5 educates bud hydroponic device, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the germinating cabinet is two Individual, the quantity of the seedling rearing room is that the seedlings nursing plate quantity placed in four, Liang Ge germinating cabinets is equal to four seedling rearing rooms placement nursery The quantity of disk.
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CN106508656A (en) * 2016-10-30 2017-03-22 周振勇 Indoor soilless culture method for edible buckwheat bud seedlings
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CN111011198B (en) * 2019-12-31 2021-07-13 陕西秦云农产品检验检测股份有限公司 Novel food machine and bud taking method
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CN113016269A (en) * 2021-04-26 2021-06-25 安徽金晟达生物电子科技有限公司 Forage grass germination accelerating method and germination accelerating device
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