CN104509704A - Fermented daily feed with low fine fodder content for ruminant domestic animals and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Fermented daily feed with low fine fodder content for ruminant domestic animals and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104509704A
CN104509704A CN201310442666.8A CN201310442666A CN104509704A CN 104509704 A CN104509704 A CN 104509704A CN 201310442666 A CN201310442666 A CN 201310442666A CN 104509704 A CN104509704 A CN 104509704A
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parts
low
ruminant domestic
domestic animal
daily ration
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胡旭光
周富
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a fermented daily feed with a low fine fodder content for ruminant domestic animals and a preparation method thereof. The feed comprises the following raw materials in parts by weight: 25 to 45 parts of straws, 5 to 15 parts of forage grass, 5 to 15 parts of protein forage, 20 to 40 parts of energy forage, 7 to 17 parts of food processing byproduct, 0.2 to 0.4 part of trace element and vitamin premix, and 1 to 3 parts of mineral substance. The preparation method comprises the following steps: mixing the raw materials mentioned above to obtain a mixture; adding water to adjust the water content to 40-50%, and transferring the mixture to a sealed container to carry out fermentation for at least 14 days so as to obtain the fertilizer. Abundant crop straws and food processing byproducts are taken as the main raw materials of fertilizer, and the produced daily fertilizer for ruminant domestic animals has the advantages of comprehensive nutrients, high digestibility, good palatability, and good aerobiotic stability, is suitable for all ruminant domestic animals, and is very practical.

Description

A kind of ruminant domestic animal low-concentrate type fermented daily ration and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to livestock feed manufacture field, specifically a kind of ruminant domestic animal low-concentrate type fermented daily ration and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
According to statistics, China produces agricultural crop straw about 700,000,000 tons per year, and accounting for 30% of whole world stalk annual output total amount, is the potential feed resource that development Livestock is huge.But agricultural crop straw quality is thick and stiff, its nutritive value is not high, if the feed being directly used in ruminant carries out feeding, digestibility is low, palatability is poor, be difficult to effective utilization.A few days ago, the utilization rate of China's stalk is only 33%, through the utilization rate of technical finesse part less than 3%.
The general moisture content of food processing byproduct is high, not resistance to deposits (especially summer), easily become sour.And because food processing byproduct is the residual substances after the compositions such as the carbohydrate be extracted in raw material, or nutrition is unbalanced or palatability is poor, and therefore, it just can need be used effectively as during feed conversion after the processing of necessity.
At present, domestic and international correlative study is that a kind of Quito kind concentrated feed, roughage are processed into TMR.The eighties begins, and China introduces TMR feeding program in large-scale cattle farm, and achieves good effect.But TMR is generally now with the current, not easily stored for a long time.Research finds, TMR generally just starts change in preparation in latter 24 hours and loses, and not only reduces palatability, causes the serious waste of feed, and, the dry feed intake of feed can be reduced, affect Stock genetics and breeding.The dispensing of present stage TMR still can not realize day dispensing, therefore, the commercialization of TMR and easily store and transport to carry out certain packaging and storage process to it.Be main roughage raw material with resourceful crop material and food processing byproduct, research and development comprehensive nutrition, the low-concentrate type fermented TMR new technology that digestibility is high, good palatability, aerobic stabilization are good have important practical significance and practical value.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide ruminant domestic animal low-concentrate type fermented daily ration and preparation method thereof that a kind of comprehensive nutrition, digestibility are high, good palatability, aerobic stabilization are good.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
The low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of a kind of ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 25-45 part, forage grass 5-15 part, protein feed 5-15 part, energy feed 20-40 part, food processing byproduct 7-17 part, trace element and vitamin premix 0.2-0.4 part, mineral matter 1-3 part.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of described ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 35 parts, forage grass 10 parts, protein feed 10 parts, energy feed 30 parts, 12 parts, food processing byproduct, trace element and vitamin premix 0.3 part, 2 parts, mineral matter.
As the present invention's further scheme: described stalk is at least one in maize straw, wheat straw and millet straw; Described forage grass is sheep's hay, clover at least one; Described protein feed is at least one in dregs of beans, cotton dregs, the dish dregs of rice and peanut meal; Described energy feed is at least one in corn kernel, wheat seed, sorghum seed and wheat bran; Described food processing byproduct is at least one in brewex's grains, pomace, soy sauce residues and soybean residue; Described mineral matter is calcium monohydrogen phosphate, stone flour, salt, sodium bicarbonate.
As the present invention's further scheme: in every kilogram of described trace element and vitamin premix, containing, for example lower vitamin and trace element: vitamin A >=320000IU, vitamin D >=48000IU, vitamin E >=1800IU, Zn5.2-7.2g, Mn4-6g, Cu0.7-1.1g, Fe10-14g, T0.05-0.09g, Se0.02-0.04g, Co0.03-0.05g.
As the present invention's further scheme: the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of described ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: maize straw 35 parts, 5 parts, millet straw, 5 parts, sheep's hay, dregs of beans 3 parts, cotton dregs 5 parts, corn 20 parts, wheat bran 10 parts, brewex's grains 12 parts, trace element and vitamin premix 0.3 part, calcium bicarbonate 1 part, stone flour 1 part, salt 0.2 part, 0.3 part, sodium bicarbonate; 3-Hydroxyretinol 20000IU, vitamine D4 8000IU, vitamin e1 800IU is contained, containing Zn6.2g, Mn5g, Cu0.9g, Fe12g, I0.07g, Se0.03g, Co0.04g in every kilogram of described trace element and vitamin premix.
The described ruminant domestic animal preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, comprises the following steps: mix according to the raw material of described mass parts, obtain mixture; The moisture of mixture is adjusted to 40-50%; Then sealing and fermenting more than 14 days, obtains the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the temperature of described fermentation is 0-35 degree Celsius.
As the present invention's further scheme: the temperature of described fermentation is 8-24 degree Celsius.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the time of described fermentation is 14-21 days.
As the further scheme of the present invention: the ruminant domestic animal of preparation is used for low-concentrate type fermented daily ration ruminant domestic animal of feeding.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the present invention is main roughage raw material with resourceful crop material and food processing byproduct, the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of low-concentrate type fermented ruminant domestic animal that the comprehensive nutrition be prepared from, digestibility are high, good palatability, aerobic stabilization are good, can to feed all ruminant domestic animals, to have important practical significance and practical value.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, be clearly and completely described the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only the present invention's part embodiment, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art, not making the every other embodiment obtained under creative work prerequisite, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
In the embodiment of the present invention, the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of a kind of ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 25 parts, forage grass 5 parts, protein feed 5 parts, energy feed 20 parts, 7 parts, food processing byproduct, trace element and vitamin premix 0.2 part, 1 part, mineral matter.
The described ruminant domestic animal preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, comprises the following steps: mix according to the raw material of described mass parts, obtain mixture; The moisture of mixture is adjusted to 40%; Then seal, 8 degrees Celsius of bottom fermentations 14 days, obtain the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal.
Embodiment 2
In the embodiment of the present invention, the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of a kind of ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 35 parts, forage grass 10 parts, protein feed 10 parts, energy feed 30 parts, 12 parts, food processing byproduct, trace element and vitamin premix 0.3 part, 2 parts, mineral matter.
The described ruminant domestic animal preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, comprises the following steps: mix according to the raw material of described mass parts, obtain mixture; The moisture of mixture is adjusted to 45%; Then seal, 15 degrees Celsius of bottom fermentations 18 days, obtain the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal.
Embodiment 3
In the embodiment of the present invention, the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of a kind of ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 45 parts, forage grass 15 parts, protein feed 15 parts, energy feed 40 parts, 17 parts, food processing byproduct, trace element and vitamin premix 0.4 part, 3 parts, mineral matter.
The described ruminant domestic animal preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, comprises the following steps: mix according to the raw material of described mass parts, obtain mixture; The moisture of mixture is adjusted to 50%; Then seal, 8 degrees Celsius of bottom fermentations 21 days, obtain the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal.
In above-described embodiment, described stalk is at least one in maize straw, wheat straw and millet straw; Described forage grass is sheep's hay, clover at least one; Described protein feed is at least one in dregs of beans, cotton dregs, the dish dregs of rice and peanut meal; Described energy feed is at least one in corn kernel, wheat seed, sorghum seed and wheat bran; Described food processing byproduct is at least one in brewex's grains, pomace, soy sauce residues and soybean residue; Described mineral matter is calcium monohydrogen phosphate, stone flour, salt, sodium bicarbonate; In every kilogram of described trace element and vitamin premix, containing, for example lower vitamin and trace element: vitamin A >=320000IU, vitamin D >=48000IU, vitamin E >=1800IU, Zn5.2-7.2g, Mn4-6g, Cu0.7-1.1g, Fe10-14g, T0.05-0.09g, Se0.02-0.04g, Co0.03-0.05g.
To those skilled in the art, obviously the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and when not deviating from spirit of the present invention or essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from which point, all should embodiment be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present invention is limited by claims instead of above-mentioned explanation, and all changes be therefore intended in the implication of the equivalency by dropping on claim and scope are included in the present invention.
In addition, be to be understood that, although this description is described according to embodiment, but not each embodiment only comprises an independently technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only for clarity sake, those skilled in the art should by description integrally, and the technical scheme in each embodiment also through appropriately combined, can form other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that.

Claims (10)

1. the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal, it is characterized in that, comprise the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 25-45 part, forage grass 5-15 part, protein feed 5-15 part, energy feed 20-40 part, food processing byproduct 7-17 part, trace element and vitamin premix 0.2-0.4 part, mineral matter 1-3 part.
2. the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of described ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: stalk 35 parts, forage grass 10 parts, protein feed 10 parts, energy feed 30 parts, 12 parts, food processing byproduct, trace element and vitamin premix 0.3 part, 2 parts, mineral matter.
3. the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described stalk is at least one in maize straw, wheat straw and millet straw; Described forage grass is sheep's hay, clover at least one; Described protein feed is at least one in dregs of beans, cotton dregs, the dish dregs of rice and peanut meal; Described energy feed is at least one in corn kernel, wheat seed, sorghum seed and wheat bran; Described food processing byproduct is at least one in brewex's grains, pomace, soy sauce residues and soybean residue; Described mineral matter is calcium monohydrogen phosphate, stone flour, salt, sodium bicarbonate.
4. the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in every kilogram of described trace element and vitamin premix, containing, for example lower vitamin and trace element: vitamin A >=320000IU, vitamin D >=48000IU, vitamin E >=1800IU, Zn5.2-7.2g, Mn4-6g, Cu0.7-1.1g, Fe10-14g, T0.05-0.09g, Se0.02-0.04g, Co0.03-0.05g.
5. the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of described ruminant domestic animal, comprises the raw material of following mass parts: maize straw 35 parts, 5 parts, millet straw, 5 parts, sheep's hay, dregs of beans 3 parts, cotton dregs 5 parts, corn 20 parts, wheat bran 10 parts, brewex's grains 12 parts, trace element and vitamin premix 0.3 part, calcium bicarbonate 1 part, stone flour 1 part, salt 0.2 part, 0.3 part, sodium bicarbonate; 3-Hydroxyretinol 20000IU, vitamine D4 8000IU, vitamin e1 800IU is contained, containing Zn6.2g, Mn5g, Cu0.9g, Fe12g, I0.07g, Se0.03g, Co0.04g in every kilogram of described trace element and vitamin premix.
6. the ruminant domestic animal preparation method for low-concentrate type fermented daily ration as described in as arbitrary in claim 1-5, is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: mix according to the raw material of described mass parts, obtain mixture; The moisture of mixture is adjusted to 40-50%; Then sealing and fermenting more than 14 days, obtains the low-concentrate type fermented daily ration of ruminant domestic animal.
7. the ruminant domestic animal according to claim 6 preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, is characterized in that, the temperature of described fermentation is 0-35 degree Celsius.
8. the ruminant domestic animal according to claim 7 preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, is characterized in that, the temperature of described fermentation is 8-24 degree Celsius.
9. the ruminant domestic animal according to claim 6 preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, is characterized in that, the time of described fermentation is 14-21 days.
10. the ruminant domestic animal according to claim 6 preparation method of low-concentrate type fermented daily ration, is characterized in that, the ruminant domestic animal of preparation is used for low-concentrate type fermented daily ration ruminant domestic animal of feeding.
CN201310442666.8A 2013-09-26 2013-09-26 Fermented daily feed with low fine fodder content for ruminant domestic animals and preparation method thereof Pending CN104509704A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920902A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 浙江农林大学 Sheep feed based on bamboo shoot shells
CN104920287A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Sal fine wool sheep breeding method
CN104920845A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Feeding method of grey goats
CN104920294A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Method for raising Longlin goats
CN104920289A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Farming method of Boer goats
CN106173376A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-07 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 A kind of processing method improving feedstuff feed intake
CN107094995A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-08-29 黑龙江八农垦大学 The preparation method of corn kernel fermented feed
CN109105643A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-01 西藏农牧学院 A kind of preparation for processing that ruminant domestic animal TMR glutinous rice balls are dry
CN110037170A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-07-23 崔国盈 A kind of grassland weeds class pellet and preparation method thereof and device
CN111317063A (en) * 2018-12-14 2020-06-23 中粮营养健康研究院有限公司 Production method of fiber-containing ruminant feed and feed produced by same
CN111567687A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-25 贵州省草业研究所 Nonreactive sheep fermentation total mixed ration containing nitraria tangutorum bobr
CN116849304A (en) * 2023-08-24 2023-10-10 宁夏枸杞产业发展中心 Leaf medlar compound feed for promoting digestive metabolism of ruminant livestock and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104920287A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Sal fine wool sheep breeding method
CN104920845A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Feeding method of grey goats
CN104920294A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Method for raising Longlin goats
CN104920289A (en) * 2015-06-02 2015-09-23 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 Farming method of Boer goats
CN104920902B (en) * 2015-07-01 2019-04-26 浙江农林大学 A kind of sheep feed based on bamboo shoot shell
CN104920902A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-23 浙江农林大学 Sheep feed based on bamboo shoot shells
CN106173376A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-12-07 柳州市柳南区安顺养殖协会 A kind of processing method improving feedstuff feed intake
CN107094995A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-08-29 黑龙江八农垦大学 The preparation method of corn kernel fermented feed
CN109105643A (en) * 2018-08-30 2019-01-01 西藏农牧学院 A kind of preparation for processing that ruminant domestic animal TMR glutinous rice balls are dry
CN111317063A (en) * 2018-12-14 2020-06-23 中粮营养健康研究院有限公司 Production method of fiber-containing ruminant feed and feed produced by same
CN110037170A (en) * 2019-03-29 2019-07-23 崔国盈 A kind of grassland weeds class pellet and preparation method thereof and device
CN111567687A (en) * 2020-06-11 2020-08-25 贵州省草业研究所 Nonreactive sheep fermentation total mixed ration containing nitraria tangutorum bobr
CN116849304A (en) * 2023-08-24 2023-10-10 宁夏枸杞产业发展中心 Leaf medlar compound feed for promoting digestive metabolism of ruminant livestock and preparation method thereof
CN116849304B (en) * 2023-08-24 2024-02-02 宁夏枸杞产业发展中心 Leaf medlar compound feed for promoting digestive metabolism of ruminant livestock and preparation method thereof

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