Summary of the invention
The present invention is to provide a kind of self-supplying energy source modernization multi-storied agriculture culture system, its scope of application mainly solving the agriculture culturing frame existing for prior art is less, automatic heat exchange, self-supplying energy source cannot be carried out, and need outside provide nutrient solution and lack entomophila, the technical problem that the cultivation of plant comparatively slowly waits.
Above-mentioned technical problem of the present invention is mainly solved by following technical proposals:
Self-supplying energy source modernization multi-storied agriculture culture system of the present invention, comprise building body, described building body inside is provided with multi-layer plant and cultivates groove, domestication of plants groove includes cell body, be provided with nutrition liquid layer bottom cell body, be equipped with heat exchanger heat exchanger in nutrition liquid layer and connect thermal energy storage room by pipeline, the top of nutrition liquid layer is provided with separation layer, be provided with organic soil layer above separation layer, nutrition liquid layer connects biogas generating pit by pipeline.
Plant is in solid building, utilize the correlation between plant, Xing Li keeps away evil, the solid growth that in order to make full use of space different plant society, several species coexists, multi-level configuration, multistage energy cycle of matter utilize, the agriculture management pattern of three dimensional-planting-breeding.
Plant growth is in the organic soil layer of domestication of plants groove, and separation layer prevents histosol from draining to nutrition liquid layer and the stage of histosol can be allowed to be dipped on nutrient solution.At nutrition liquid layer, heat exchanger is housed, can intelligent condition and the temperature controlling nutrient solution and histosol, Based Intelligent Control is applicable to the temperature of each Plants at its needs growing environment.
In self-supplying energy source modernization multi-storied agriculture system, there are biogas generating pit and thermal energy storage room, in system, have a large amount of ight soil, stalk, weeds etc., biogas generating pit fermentation can be met, the biogas produced is in order to be converted into heat energy, and the medium in heating heat energy apotheca, is fed in heat-exchange system.
Whole system is built us and is designed multilayer or even high level, soil can have been saved, cultivated area is increased greatly in limited space, intelligence control system controls, temperature in the general just simple control room of now general green house cultivation, we add and control the temperature of nutrient solution and soil on this basis, add the light of plant growth lamp intelligence and photochromic control, increase growth rate and the output of plant, also have increase play music make it grow more vigorous, promote that it grows, content of starch raises.
Plant growth lamp is controlled by control room, and different plants, the different time periods, different region uses the best light of plant growth and photochromic.
The present invention can be booth, also can the building (mainly considering that the soil planting area of present developed regions is fewer and feweri) of multilayer or even high level, in any place, weather, environment, floristics plantation are all fine, green house is adopted to plant on a large scale in the plantation of low temperature season thermophilous now, the general effect just having insulation and heat, too fast in the evaporation of high temperature season moisture, sunshade can only be adopted or water and solve
And the temperature of system of the present invention controls to be adopt heat exchanger system, biogas combustion heat medium can be used in low temperature season the present invention, come to play with the nutrient solution of cultivating in groove and soil temperature the effect of heating in control room by the circulation of pipeline to heat exchanger again, cryogenic media (underground water as deep under ground) can be used to play cooling effect with the nutrient solution of cultivating in groove and soil temperature in control room by the circulation of pipeline to heat exchanger again in high temperature season the present invention, the nutrition liquid layer of cultivation groove of the present invention uses natural pond liquid, natural pond liquid has expelling parasite, effect of desinsection, the lethality rate of larva and worm's ovum is more than 90%, belong to green biological insecticidal agent, make the kinds of planting in present system more like this.
As preferably, described building body is provided with wind-driven generator and solar energy absorption plant, and solar energy absorption plant connects thermal energy storage room, and solar energy absorption plant, wind-driven generator are by the transfer pump of connection biogas generating pit.At three-dimensional building top, solar electrical energy generation is installed, and wind-driven generator, in order to the equipment of generating in supply whole system, solar energy (place as low in some temperature) when needs can be used for collecting heat energy, store and ensure by heat-exchange system, ensure that the temperature in building is applicable to plant growth.There is the place of renewable energy resources at some, as water generating etc. also can add system, reduce the consumption of the energy.
As preferably, be provided with plant growth lamp above the domestication of plants groove of described every layer, plant growth lamp is by connection wind-driven generator, solar energy absorption plant.Plant growth lamp is kind of a special light fixture, must need sunshine, and plant growth lamp is exactly the principle utilizing sunshine according to plant growth rule, and light replaces sunshine to a kind of light fixture of growth and development of plants environment.
As preferably, described building body is communicated with worm room.In building, be provided with worm room, in order to entomophila to pollinate, the creation of value (as after honeybee pollination the honey etc. that produces).
As preferably, described biogas generating pit connects thermal energy storage room by burner.Biogas can burning conversion thermal energy storage get up to supply heat-exchange system.
As preferably, described thermal energy storage room, biogas generating pit, plant growth lamp, wind-driven generator, solar energy absorption plant, burner all pass through connection intelligent controller.
As preferably, the top of described domestication of plants groove is provided with music player, and music player is by connection intelligent controller.Music player is arranged on each different types of planting area, is controlled the broadcasting of music, select the music of applicable each plant growth by control room, creates the optimal environmental condition needed for plant.
Therefore, the present invention adopts the outstanding feature of modern multi-storied agriculture, adding the renewable energy conversion such as wind energy, solar energy is electric energy and heat energy, with energy-saving and environmental protecting, self-sufficient, for the purpose of the plant such as grain and vegetables planting out green, health, high-quality, the present invention is made to have the features such as intensive, efficient, lasting, safety, energy-saving and environmental protection, simple and reasonable for structure.
Below by embodiment, and by reference to the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention is described in further detail.
Embodiment: the self-supplying energy source modernization multi-storied agriculture culture system of this example, as Fig. 1, comprise building body 1, building body inside is provided with many group multi-layer plants and cultivates groove 2, as Fig. 2, domestication of plants groove includes cell body 3, be provided with nutrition liquid layer 4 bottom cell body, be equipped with heat exchanger 5 heat exchanger in nutrition liquid layer and connect thermal energy storage room 7 by pipeline 6, the top of nutrition liquid layer is provided with separation layer 8, be provided with organic soil layer 9 above separation layer, nutrition liquid layer connects biogas generating pit 10 by pipeline.Building body is provided with wind-driven generator 11 and solar energy absorption plant 12, and solar energy absorption plant connects thermal energy storage room 13, and solar energy absorption plant, wind-driven generator are by the transfer pump of connection biogas generating pit 10.Be provided with plant growth lamp 14 above the domestication of plants groove of every layer, plant growth lamp is by connection wind-driven generator 11, solar energy absorption plant 12.Building body is communicated with worm room 15.Biogas generating pit connects thermal energy storage room 7 by burner 16.The top of domestication of plants groove is provided with music player 18.Thermal energy storage room 7, biogas generating pit 10, plant growth lamp 14, wind-driven generator 11, solar energy absorption plant 12, burner 16, music player 18 all pass through connection intelligent controller 17.
During use, agricultural products in the organic soil layer 9 of domestication of plants groove 2, deposits ight soil, stalk, weeds in biogas generating pit 10, and the natural pond liquid of generation is provided in the nutrition liquid layer 4 of domestication of plants groove 2.Wind-force, solar energy can be changed into electric energy by wind-driven generator 11, solar energy absorption plant 12, and be then supplied to plant growth lamp 14, plant growth lamp carries out treatment with irradiation to agricultural product.The electric power that wind-driven generator 11, solar energy absorption plant 12 produce can also provide the transfer pump of biogas generating pit 10, is provided in domestication of plants groove 2 by the natural pond liquid in biogas generating pit.The heat energy of generation and biogas generating pit are transported to thermal energy storage room 13 by the heat energy that burner 16 produces by solar energy absorption plant 12, heat energy is transported in the heat exchanger 5 of domestication of plants groove by pipeline 6 by thermal energy storage room again, heat exchanger can regulate the temperature in solid building and domestication of plants groove, meets the requirement of plant growth.When needing pollination in addition, worm room 15 can be utilized to be discharged in building body by entomophila, thus agricultural product are pollinated.Whole system is all controlled automatically by intelligent controller 17.
The foregoing is only specific embodiments of the invention, but architectural feature of the present invention is not limited thereto, any those skilled in the art is in the field of the invention, and the change done or modification are all encompassed among the scope of the claims of the present invention.