CN201571378U - Plant seedling machine - Google Patents

Plant seedling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201571378U
CN201571378U CN2009203515428U CN200920351542U CN201571378U CN 201571378 U CN201571378 U CN 201571378U CN 2009203515428 U CN2009203515428 U CN 2009203515428U CN 200920351542 U CN200920351542 U CN 200920351542U CN 201571378 U CN201571378 U CN 201571378U
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China
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section
seedling
control system
training
cabinet
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CN2009203515428U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴小平
汪湘流
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Hunan Xianghui Agriculture Technology Development Co ltd
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Hunan Xianghui Agriculture Technology Development Co ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The utility model discloses a plant seedling machine, wherein, a control system, and a water pump, an air compressor, an air conditioner and a preheater that are electrically connected to the control system are arranged in the host segment; an external air machine and an internal recycling fan electrically connected to the control system provided in the host segment are arranged in the auxiliary machine segment; at least a group of cultivating drawer cabinets (5) and drawer cabinet sliding tracks (18) are arranged on the cultivating working section, each group of cultivating drawer cabinet (5) is provided with a working layer frame (13), a work interlayer (14) and movable grids (16), as well as a movable working tray (15), the ventilation holes and fertilizer water feeding holes are provided at the bottom of the movable working tray (15), a light belt module (28, ) a spray pipes and nozzles (29), a high-pressure gas tube (30), a return slot (32) of the irrigation tank (31) are provided in a plurality of corrugated slots with downward notch in the work interlayer (14). The utility model is a plants seedling machine without foam, polystyrene, polypropylene and plastic hole seedling trays, capable of performing large-scale, intensive, year-designate high quality seedling industrial production.

Description

Botanical seedling culturing machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of seedling culturing machine, particularly relates to a kind of variable total closed type digital intellectualization botanical seedling culturing machine.
Background technology
The seedling-cultivating method of crop is a constantly process of development, has experienced different developing stage.
Tradition is grown seedlings.The simple operation easily of this seedling raising manners, but the growth of insemination and emergence and seedling all is at outdoor open-air atmosphere, be subjected to the influence of season, weather and natural calamity and disease pest and weed bigger, and emergence rate is low, and seedling quality is poor, and is untimely for seedling.
Facility is grown seedlings.Proposed the notion of industrialized agriculture the sixties in 20th century abroad, begun to utilize the protection facility to grow seedlings, carry out promotion and application in developed countries such as America and Europe, Japan with achievement in research the beginning of the eighties in agricultural production.
China's facility is grown seedlings and is mainly contained three kinds of forms: the one, and initial stage seventies plastic mulching seedling growing process is introduced China, and seedbed insulation, soil moisture conservation, guarantor's fertilizer are played a role; The 2nd, modified form greenhouse by solar heat, large glass greenhouse plastic tunnel, greenhouse by solar heat have appearred, 70~eighties in progress along with Agricultural Development and science and technology in succession; The 3rd, the nineties, China's agricultural progressively develops to scale, intensification and scientific direction.Develop so far, the crop seedling mode mainly is that the phytotrons such as crop artificial culture case in modern greenhouse, the laboratory are grown seedlings.Whole seedling raising process all is to carry out in the modernized seedling cultivation greenhouse that adopts artificial regulatory crop seedling growing environment, make seedling industry by outdoor transfer to indoor, progressively break away from the constraint of natural environment, the crop seedling is the production of realization anniversary, high-quality output, stable market supply substantially.
But the certain problem of existence that present modernized phytotron is grown seedlings: the one, the crop seedling phytotron is regulated and control envirment factor, be only limited to one or several factor in the factors such as illumination, moisture, temperature, humidity, nutrient, CO2, PH is carried out automation control and artificial single factor regulation and control, do not have to realize intellectuality truly, the control of sequencing, environment control has imperfection, imperfection; The 2nd, present seedling raising manners commonly used mostly is that single-layer type is grown seedlings, floor space is big, illumination mainly is to utilize natural daylight, envirment factor such as temperature and illumination still is subjected to the influence of the natural law (four seasons change and the day and night change cycle) to a certain extent, therefore, the regulation and control of the indoor environment factor have non-precision, and effective utilization rate of energy is not high, the production cost of growing seedlings is big, and seedling quality is affected.The 3rd, it is ripe not enough that integrated environment is controlled this key technology, lack the intellectuality that adapts with China crop optimal control software of growing seedlings, the research of integrated environment factor control technology still rests on the stage of the single envirment factor control technique of research, and most of envirment factor still relies on people's experience to remove to carry out environment conditioning, does not have to realize that the crop seedling multilayer is accurately controlled and the large-scale high-quality of batch production is grown seedlings.The 4th, present seedling raising manners operating system more complicated, cost is higher, is difficult to realize the production of growing seedlings of truly scale, intensification, entire-year, batch production high-quality.The 5th, what the present most seedling raising manners of China used is foamed polystyrene, and the cave seedling dish of materials such as polypropylene, plastic uptake, injection moulding uses the back that environment is caused severe contamination, and this problem is not resolved for a long time.
The utility model content
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model provides a kind ofly can carry out the grow seedlings variable total closed type digital intellectualization botanical seedling culturing machine of suitability for industrialized production of crop scale, intensification, entire-year high-quality.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the variable total closed type digital intellectualization botanical seedling culturing machine that the utility model provides, entire machine by mainframe section, subsidiary engine section, educate four parts of training active section and collapsible double-vane solar panel and form, section with section between separate wherein to educate by air-flow equiblibrium mass distribution plate and train active section and combine by one or more drawer type working cabined; Mainframe section is entire machine core control zone, in be provided with that data are handled, power supply distribution, operating system and master control system etc.; The subsidiary engine section mainly is that the inside is equipped with ventilation blower and air circulation fan as passage outside and inner air exchange and circulation.
The described active section of growing seedlings is to constitute adjustable variable airtight environment fully by the side plate of insulation and top board, in be provided with at least one group of drawer type and educate training chest of drawers and Vierendeel girder and drawout cubicle dragging track, every group of described drawer type educated the outside of training chest of drawers and is provided with observation window and push-and-pull hand, every group of described drawer type educated the training chest of drawers and is provided with active operation layer frame, on described active operation layer frame, be provided with working lining every, described working lining every the bottom be corrugated, described working lining every the downward wave groove of a plurality of notches in be provided with light band module, described working lining every the downward wave groove of other a plurality of notches in be provided with spray piping and shower nozzle, described working lining every the wave groove that makes progress of a plurality of notches in be provided with high-pressure air pipe, described working lining every the wave groove that makes progress of other a plurality of notches in be provided with the irrigation groove, in the wave groove that the notch of both sides makes progress, be provided with backflash at described working lining, every the top described active operation of the active operation dish strip of trying to get to the heart of a matter that is provided with through hole is arranged at described working lining, both sides are provided with handle, described movable working lining frame is provided with grid, described grid beam spiral-lock is having in hydraulic pressure or the vertical rod of Pneumatic Transmission piston type, forms a movable seedling culture hole plate with the active operation dish; Be provided with inner loop blower fan and external ventilation machine at described closed case, in the described airtight active section of growing seedlings, be provided with air conditioner, carbon dioxide storage tank, air compressor machine that is connected with described high-pressure air pipe and the feed pump that is connected with the irrigation groove, machine intimate and outside are equipped with temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor, carbon dioxide sensor, the control system of intelligence control system and described light band module, the control system of spray piping, the control system of high-pressure air pipe, irrigate the control system of groove, the control system of backflash, the control system of inner loop blower fan and external ventilation machine, air conditioner, the control system of carbon dioxide storage tank, the control system of feed pump and temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor, carbon dioxide sensor is electrically connected.
Described drawer type is educated the training chest of drawers and is provided with top hanging wheel and bottom roller with described Vierendeel girder and the drawout cubicle dragging track is corresponding slides.
The working lining frame that described working lining frame is the adjustable discrepancy in elevation of independent assortment, be that the working lining frame is except that column and outside framework, middle each cross-arm is to link to each other by fastener to support, can fast assembling-disassembling and regulate the discrepancy in elevation as required, and its scratch diskette then is directly to be placed in to connect pipeline on the cross-arm again.
Described closed case inside is equipped with wireless monitor and tele-control system.
Described collapsible double-vane solar cell is made up of several silion cell plates, collapsible double-vane solar cell is made of the cell panel that several piece can absorb solar energy, wherein the cell panel of both sides collapsible by the bridge chain, launch and upset, the complete developed area of entire cell plate can reach 30-70 square metre of entire upper surface and also evenly be covered with antireflective coating.
Adopt the variable total closed type digital intellectualization botanical seedling culturing machine of technique scheme, growth rhythm according to Different Crop seed germination and seedling stage, crop seed sprouting and seedling growth are to the demand parameter parameter of envirment factor under airtight fully environmental condition, in the crop seedling process, take sequencing, digitized comprehensive accurately control mode, the artificial create environment factor satisfy that under airtight fully environmental condition crop seed is sprouted and seedling growth to the demand of envirment factor, realize that intelligent science grows seedlings.Adopt artificial environment completely; Comprise temperature, humidity, ventilation, illumination, nutritional supplementation (comprising: life is kept material---moisture content, gas, energy, temperature etc.; The removing of growth material (energy, illumination, nutriment etc.), hazardous material (comprising: damage by disease and insect, harmful chemicals, harmful radiation, metabolite etc.).Multistage track drawer type capable of being combined is educated the training active section; Independent assortment is adjustable discrepancy in elevation working lining frame; The work interlayer that integrates spray, illumination, irrigation, root ventilation, floating pond function; Work interlayer full-computerized programme-control and remote monitoring; Equality of temperature spraying, irrigation and fertilising; The work interlayer has selecting property of plurality of optional wavelength light to shine; The root forced ventilation; 360 ° of uniform air supply modes of spherical rotation of frequency control; The envirment factor information getting method adopts the biological information Detection Techniques under the closed environment; The active operation dish takes off seedling and no plug transplantation technology automatically.
1, the utility model is the seedling equipment of complete closed, and crop scale, intensification, entire-year, the industrialization high-quality production of growing seedlings is carried out in the restriction that can be completely free of natural conditions in actual agricultural production.
2, the utility model is according to envirment factor such as illumination, moisture, temperature, humidity, nutrient, CO in the crop seedling process 2, PH demand, carry out accurate Comprehensive Control, as selective light lighting system, CO 2Fertilization systems etc. effectively solve the problem that the smart buret of each envirment factor of crops seedling stage is managed, and preferentially satisfy the crops seedling stage growth to environmental requirement, shorten the plant growth cycle, reduce the seedling cost, accelerate the process of growing seedlings, improve seedling quality, and realize the edge of a field batch production seedling production in enormous quantities.
3, the utility model can be directly used in various crop seedling actual productions, and the research that also can be the crop science aspect provides the advanced experimental facilities of a cover and the investigative technique of science.
4, the utility model can be realized the full intelligence of envirment factor, the one-touch control to the crops seedling stage growth, and is simple to operation, and saving of work and time is practical.
5, active operation dish of the present utility model has been realized no cave seeding tray seedling culture and the automatic disk stripping of crop seedling, saves time, saving of labor, cost-saving, particularly solves the problems such as white pollution of crop seedling cave, current rural area dish to environment,
6, adjustable variable cabinet that can move freely of the present utility model and the transformable intelligence of the multi-level adjustable discrepancy in elevation of the independent assortment working lining frame of growing seedlings, can effectively utilize the space, reduce the floor space of crop seedling, save farm land and water resource, improved fertilizer efficiency, reduce production costs, can make things convenient for the user flexibility production of flexibly growing seedlings especially.
7, collapsible double-vane solar cell of the present utility model can effectively utilize the solar energy of nature, reduces expending of the energy in producing, and saves production cost, and helps the rural area environmental protection.
In sum, the utility model is a kind ofly can carry out the grow seedlings botanical seedling culturing machine of suitability for industrialized production of crop scale, intensification, entire-year high-quality.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the utility model structural front view;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is that drawer type is educated training chest of drawers falsework stereogram;
Fig. 4 is that drawer type is educated training chest of drawers plane;
Fig. 5 is an active operation dish structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the side schematic diagram of moving mesh structure;
Fig. 7 is the moving mesh structural front view;
Fig. 8 is a work spacer structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, comprise mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 and educate training active section 2 and collapsible double-vane solar panel 4, mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 and educate the training active section 2 be cabinet, mainframe section 1, educate training active section 2, subsidiary engine section 3 and connect successively, section and section between be provided with air-flow equiblibrium mass distribution dividing plate; Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor are installed in each section and are provided with supervisory instrument, instrumentation, instrumentation interface; The water pump, air compressor machine, air conditioner, the preheater that are provided with control system in the mainframe section and are electrically connected with control system, mainframe section 1 is provided with self-controlling plate 7; Subsidiary engine section 3 is provided with external ventilation machine 6 and the inner loop blower fan 17 that is electrically connected with the control system of setting in the mainframe section 1; Educating the training active section is provided with four groups of drawer types and educates training chest of drawers 5 and drawout cubicle dragging track 18, every group of drawer type educated the outside of training chest of drawers 5 and is provided with observation window 10 and push-and-pull hand 11, every group of drawer type educated training chest of drawers 5 and is provided with working lining frame 13, on working lining frame 13, be provided with work interlayer 14 and moving mesh 16, on work interlayer 14, be provided with active operation dish 15, ventilation is arranged at the bottom of active operation dish 15, logical rich water hole, in the downward wave groove of a plurality of notches of work interlayer 14, be provided with light band module 28, in the downward wave trough of other a plurality of notches of work interlayer 14, be provided with spray piping and the shower nozzle 29 that is connected with water pump, in the wave groove of a plurality of upwards notches of work interlayer 14, be provided with high-pressure air pipe 30, the wave groove that other a plurality of notches of work interlayer 14 make progress is for irrigating groove 31, and the wave groove that the notch of the both sides of work interlayer 14 makes progress is a backflash 32; Light band module 28 is electrically connected with the control system that mainframe section is provided with; Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor are electrically connected with the control system that described mainframe section is provided with; Cabinet is provided with folding solar cell panel 4; The botanical seedling culturing machine organism bottom is equipped with several balance foots 9.Mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 and educate the training active section 2 shell constitute by insulation material, mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 and educate between training active section 2 cabinets by the sealing strip sealing, mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 and educate the cabinet door of training active section 2 cabinets and cabinet between be equipped with sealing strip.Drawer type is educated the Vierendeel girder that training chest of drawers 5 is provided with the drawer face and fixedlys connected with the drawer face, and Vierendeel girder and drawer face constitute the hollow cuboid of one or two root post and four crossbeams, and column is provided with a plurality of snapping heads; Working lining frame 13 constitutes rectangular frame by the connecting rod spiral-lock on column, spiral-lock has at least one support rail between two long limits of rectangular frame, and the active operation dish is placed on the work interlayer 14 of working lining frame.Drawer type is educated training chest of drawers 5 and is provided with roller 19 and drawout cubicle dragging track 18 corresponding sliding, and is provided with moving mesh 16 moving up and down in working lining frame 13, and moving mesh 16 spiral-locks are in vertical rod 20, and vertical rod 20 is installed on hydraulic pressure or the pneumatic piston 22.Active operation dish 15 is arranged on the work interlayer 14, be evenly equipped with through hole 25 on the base plate 24 of active operation dish 15, both sides are provided with by rivet 27 and are provided with handle 26, when active operation dish 15 and moving mesh 16 move down and combine, form the movable seedling culture hole plate of different size.Be covered with high-pressure air pipe 30 on the undulatory work interlayer 14 of active operation layer frame 13, high-pressure air pipe is provided with make progress jet nozzle or capillary pinprick; Being arranged on high-pressure air pipe on the undulatory work interlayer 14 is provided with to active operation dish 15 jet nozzle or capillary pinprick.Light band module 28 is made of LD or LED light band, and LD or LED light band send in indigo plant, green, yellow, red, the ultraviolet at least a.Described spray piping water route is provided with preheater.Collapsible double-vane solar panel 4 is located at end face, both ends of the surface and the front-back of cabinet, and a plurality of collapsible double-vane solar panels 4 are connected with cabinet by hinge 12, and are provided with strut 8.Each mainframe section 1 of machine intimate, subsidiary engine section 3, educate training active section 2 and machine exterior temperature sensor is installed, humidity sensor, baroceptor, carbon dioxide sensor, the control system of intelligence control system and light band module 28, the control system of spray piping, the control system of high-pressure air pipe 30, irrigate the control system of groove 31, the control system of backflash 32, the control system of inner loop blower fan 17 and external ventilation machine 6, air conditioner, the control system of carbon dioxide storage tank, the control system of feed pump and temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor, carbon dioxide sensor is electrically connected, and closed case 2 inside are equipped with wireless monitor and tele-control system.
Mainframe section 1 is the maincenter control zone of machine, data processing, power supply distribution, feed pump, air compressor machine, air conditioner, main water supply and preheater, gas equiblibrium mass distribution, nutrient solution main control valve etc. all concentrate on mainframe section, mainframe section also comprises the passage that passage and inner air inner and the outside air exchange circulate in addition, has functions such as heating, dehumidifying; Subsidiary engine section 3 mainly is that inner loop blower fan 17 and external ventilation machine 6 are installed in the inside as passage outside and inner air exchange and circulation; Educate training active section 2 and educate the training chest of drawers by the array drawer type and forms, drawer type is educated the falsework of training chest of drawers and is provided with scratch diskette, is distributed with light, shower nozzle, irrigation canals and ditches, air flue etc. on the scratch diskette; The working lining frame can be regulated floor height as requested, to be suitable for the plant growing of differing heights in seedling stage; (comprise work chest of drawers door) around the machine by the sealing of insulation wallboard and thermal-insulating sealing bar, during work, remove need be with extraneous ventilation the time that start the ventilation blower that links to each other with the external world, machine (heat, wet, air) just can take place with external environment exchanges.
Body fuselage (warming plate) is the machine general frame, adjusts the overall length that framework and insulation wallboard length then can increase machine, and what can increase machine in this way educates the training active section, promptly inserts more chest of drawers, increases the quantity of growing seedlings.
Mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 and educate training and have the air-flow distribution of net to separate between the active section 2, the air pressure that the blower fan of mainframe section 1 and subsidiary engine section 3 is produced is even, it is steady relatively to be transported to the air-flow of educating training active section 2, its everywhere temp. and humidity also keep relative equilibrium; Machine intimate is equipped with wireless monitor and tele-control system, by the transmission of video, information, to machine intimate a situation arises in time understand and adjust, control.
Intelligence control system is carried out complete to machine intimate, accurate environment control: at first be earlier the plant that will educate training to be comprised time dependent temperature comprehensively before the start, humidity, air pressure, gas concentration lwevel, irrigate, blade face Shi Shui, foliar application, the surface ventilates, root ventilates, program composition is carried out in selective wavelength illumination etc., intelligence control system the feedback information that provides is provided is incessantly handled according to being distributed in inside and outside the machine everywhere sensor then, contrast set program, parameter and external environment situation, adjustment in good time makes it reach optimum Working and selects the maximum energy-saving pattern, instructs each executive component to move;
Wireless monitor and tele-control system are implemented remote monitoring to the machine intimate closed environment: by video, radio communication and remote control machine is carried out remote monitoring, the emergency case of machine operation is reported to the police, comprise power failure, cut off the water supply, illegal invasion etc.; Accident is disposed and the recovery of accident after eliminating, realized man-machine separation, control and remote control and optimization pattern and safe mode automatically.
The operation of machine realizes man-machine separation---be start-up routine after, need not on duty waiting for by machine, can understand by telemonitoring; Automatically control and remote control---then be after starting the machine, machine fully by the preset program running until finishing, or program revised or changed by remote equipment; Optimization pattern---machine is selected automatically according to being arranged on the inside and outside sensor of machine, is by built-in system or by with external world's exchange etc. as plus-minus temperature or additional carbonic acid gas; When safe mode---machine enters improper situation, for the sake of assurance, the plant growing of setting or the minimum assurance program of surviving.
By external equipment, the operational data of finishing is exported (comprising long-range output), note every work of machine, be convenient to research work.The utility model adopts real artificial environment; Comprise temperature, humidity, ventilation, illumination, nutritional supplementation (comprising: life is kept material---moisture content, gas, energy, temperature etc.; Growth material---energy, illumination, nutriment etc.), the removing of hazardous material (comprising: damage by disease and insect, harmful chemicals, harmful radiation, metabolite etc.).
A. temperature: by several and the outer temperature sensor (CK) of casing in the closed case, regulate by establishing air conditioner in the intelligence control system main control system section 1, and by the temperature difference everywhere in inner loop blower fan 17, the external ventilation machine 6 reduction casees that link to each other with the external world;
B. humidity: by several and the outer humidity sensor (CK) of casing in the closed case, implement humidification, dehumidification by establishing in air conditioner and each scratch diskette lower channel default spray piping and shower nozzle in the intelligence control system main control system section 1, as: need dehumidification then to start the air conditioner dehumidifying, if need humidification then to start sprayer unit;
C. ventilate---inner loop wind: provide power by mainframe section 1 and 3 several inner loop blower fans 17 of subsidiary engine section, and by intelligence control system control inner loop blower fan 17 rotating speeds, shake the head, clockwise and counter-rotating, to eliminate the temperature and humidity difference of each one in the whole closed case, keep each gas (oxygen-carbonic acid gas) concentration unanimity, cooperate plant leaf surface photosynthesis reactant-product adsorption-desorption;
---root ventilates: provide power by air compressor machine in the mainframe section 1, link to each other with preset high-pressure tracheae 30 in the scratch diskette upper groove by main tracheae and each active section gas-distributing pipe and implement bottom ventilation (similar fish jar oxygenation);
---new wind replenishes: the external ventilation machine 6 that is in communication with the outside by mainframe section 1, subsidiary engine section 3 provides;
D. illumination: provide by establishing light band module 28 in the scratch diskette lower channel, light band module 28 is that several wavelength LE pipe such as blue, red, green, purple is formed, by intelligence control system control with regulate optical band kind, illumination power and light application time;
E. nutritional supplementation---root fertilising, Shi Shui by the feed pump in the mainframe section 1, be fed through scratch diskette top by the road and irrigate groove 31, redundance is returned by backflash 32 overflows that are provided with on the scratch diskette;
---foliar application is by mainframe section pump-in pressure storage tank, and by the air compressor machine supercharging, divides pipeline through main line to each drawout cubicle, is redistributed to the spray piping and the shower nozzle 29 of each scratch diskette.Intelligence control system control magnetic valve start-up time.(annotate: foliar application and humidification spraying are sharing system, and supercharging is ventilated shared with air compressor machine and root);
F. carbonic acid gas replenishes: survey by carbon dioxide sensor in the closed case, open carbon dioxide storage tank and the control valve that is arranged in the mainframe section 1 by intelligence control system control, the inner loop blower fan is carried and is diffused to and educates the training active section;
Multistage track drawer type capable of being combined is educated the training active section:
Multistage is capable of being combined to be meant by regulating the utility model machine each several part, as increases-the Jia organism soleplate, backboard, top board and lengths of frame, increases the active section chest of drawers, increases the quantity of growing seedlings; The working lining frame of the adjustable discrepancy in elevation of independent assortment, the adjustable discrepancy in elevation of independent assortment is that expression working lining frame is except that column and outside framework, middle each cross-arm is to link to each other by fastener 21 to support, can fast assembling-disassembling and regulate the discrepancy in elevation as required, and its scratch diskette then is directly to be placed in to connect pipeline on the cross-arm again.
Combined, take off seedling active operation dish automatically:
The active operation dish is arranged on the working lining dividing plate, moving mesh is located on the working lining frame, the moving mesh spiral-lock is in vertical rod, vertical rod links to each other with hydraulic pressure or air-driven piston type, can move up and down by piston type vertical rod grid, with the active operation dish branch that is harmonious, during two-layer up and down combining, the seedling-cultivating tray of the different size that is combined into; Have through hole on the described scratch diskette base plate, monoblock active operation dish both sides are provided with handle, seedling medium is layered on active operation and tries to get to the heart of a matter on the plate when growing seedlings, the grid beam of spiral-lock in vertical rod moves down, grid penetrates in the matrix, form the hole, cave the movable seedling-cultivating tray of matrix is housed, grid rises when planting transplantation of seedlings, the seedling of root carrying substrates is stayed active operation and is tried to get to the heart of a matter on the plate, extract active operation try to get to the heart of a matter plate and seedling in the lump out, mention active operation plate two side handles of trying to get to the heart of a matter and transport seedling, realize taking off automatically seedling, no transplanting hole tray seedling.
Collect spray, illumination, irrigation, root ventilation, floating pond seedling function in a body running interlayer 14;
A. interlayer 14 profiles of working are the similar trapezoidal corrugated tile of base plate, form slotted shape in the bottom, and both sides exceed inner plane, and the two ends end socket, form the dish that can be filled with water;
B. the interlayer inner groovy of working is that Irrigation Ditch is promptly irrigated groove 18 (root is executed water, fertilising), also is that high-pressure air pipe 30 is laid passage (root ventilates, the bottom bubbling oxygenation of similar fish jar), and the whole work interlayer in back that is filled with water can be used as the pond of floating seedlings;
C. the end (outside) groove of interlayer 14 of working is respectively the light groove, and light band module 28 is in the Modular LED light band embedded groove and spray piping and shower nozzle 29 (water and nutrient solution are carried passage) are laid ditch;
Each executing agency in D, the work interlayer 14 (irrigation execute water fertilising, spraying drip irrigation, foliar application, selection wavelength light according to, root ventilate, and intensity of illumination, light application time, sprinkling irrigation time etc.) by intelligence control system control, the implementation status of executing agency is carried out remote monitoring;
Equality of temperature spraying-irrigation and fertilising;
Irrigating spray water and nutrient solution all controls by temperature, keep consistent with built-in temperature, as the spraying water, temperature standard is that the spraying water temperature is a little more than established temperature in the machine, reduce of the influence of spraying water, avoid the generation of the excessive situation of organismic internal environment range of temperature the environmental temperature in the cabinet.
Characteristics of the present utility model:
1, the utility model is the seedling equipment of the complete closed of crop, under closed environment, each envirment factor of crop seedling and nutritional need are carried out the regulation and control of essence amount, can provide in good time for crop, quantitatively, rational growing environment condition, can accelerate the process of growing seedlings, shorten growing-seedling period, improve seedling quality.
2, removable, distributed integrally-built seedling culturing machine of the present utility model has flexible, changeable, characteristics easily, mainly comprises the 1. variable active section of growing seedlings, and can increase or reduce seedling culture space according to the needs of the amount of growing seedlings; 2. the whole sectional of seedling culturing machine, removable, but the number of plies and a layer distance are regulated in the transfer of convenient transportation and the work-yard 3. multiple-layer stacked working lining frame incidental expenses of growing seedlings, can effectively utilize the space, the utility model can reduce the crop seedling area that occupies cultivated land as botanical seedling culturing equipment, reduces significantly the water for larval nursing amount, save agricultural resource, improve the effective rate of utilization of fertilizer, save seedling cost, make things convenient for the user to produce.
3, the utility model can arrange take time parameter as independent variable by the plant growth cycle in advance as seedling equipment, each environmental factor (temperature, humidity, several band of light according to, blade face execute fillings, root execute fill with fertilising, carbon dioxide and new wind and replenish) be the variable set up function, carry out computer programming, work out Different Crop growth rhythm under given conditions, for crop seedling production provides the science ecological environment.
4, selective light lighting system: for demand of plant growth, select a kind of and several wave band light waves of the most suitable plant growth, but and the regulating illumination cycle period, the abundant photosynthesis of promotion plant, to shorten the plant growth cycle, the effective and reasonable energy that utilizes fully.
5, the global design of many-sided combined type, the user can come the different optimum seedling raising mannerses such as flexible choice seedling culture hole plate, floating seedlings to carry out high-quality according to different actual needs to grow seedlings.
6, precision, sequencing, the control operation of digitized environment factor integration (input-output of simulated environment data-and finish) realize that full intellectualized crop seedling educates training, and it is simple and quick to grow seedlings, and can reduce the grow seedlings amount of labour and seedling production cost.
7, the equality of temperature of the utility model product spraying Irrigation Design has solved the problem that causes the instantaneous temperature reduction adverse effect that growth brings to crops seedling stage in the general spray process.
8, grow seedlings working lining frame and active operation dish of the utility model employing activity realized no plug transplantation, solves residual foam seedling dish and residues of banned pesticides chemical fertilizer to the problem of the pollution of environment, is conducive to ecological environment-friendly type agricultural, green agriculture construction.
9, the utility model adopts that to provide new forms of energy solar energy for oneself collapsible, and can take full advantage of solar energy daytime in the process of growing seedlings, and is converted to electric energy, reduces commercial power consumption, and energy savings reduces seedling cost; Energy environment protection reduces the pollution to environment simultaneously, reduces the to external world degree of dependence of power supply, realizes the edge of a field industrial seedling rearing, makes things convenient for the Crop Species transplantation of seedlings.
10, the utility model adopts advanced electronic digit automatic control technology, realizes Long-distance Control, supervision and maintenance; The one-touch operator scheme of growing seedlings of machine makes things convenient for the on-the-spot use of seedling farming, simplifies seedling management.

Claims (10)

1. botanical seedling culturing machine, comprise mainframe section (1), subsidiary engine section (3) and educate training active section (2) and collapsible double-vane solar panel (4), it is characterized in that: described mainframe section, subsidiary engine section and educate the training active section be cabinet, described mainframe section, educate training active section, subsidiary engine section and connect successively, section with section between be provided with air-flow equiblibrium mass distribution dividing plate; Temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor are installed in each section and are provided with supervisory instrument, instrumentation, instrumentation interface; The water pump, air compressor machine, air conditioner, the preheater that are provided with control system in the described mainframe section and are electrically connected with control system; Described subsidiary engine section is provided with external ventilation machine and the inner loop blower fan that is electrically connected with the control system that is provided with in the described mainframe section; The described training active section of educating is provided with at least one group of drawer type and educates training chest of drawers (5) and drawout cubicle dragging track (18), every group of described drawer type educated training chest of drawers (5) and is provided with working lining frame (13), on described working lining frame (13), be provided with work interlayer (14) and moving mesh (16), on described work interlayer (14), be provided with active operation dish (15), ventilation is arranged at the bottom of described active operation dish (15), logical rich water hole, in the downward wave groove of a plurality of notches of described work interlayer (14), be provided with light band module (28), in the downward wave trough of other a plurality of notches of described work interlayer (14), be provided with spray piping and the shower nozzle (29) that is connected with water pump, in the wave groove of a plurality of upwards notches of described work interlayer (14), be provided with high-pressure air pipe (30), the wave groove that other a plurality of notches of described work interlayer (14) make progress is for irrigating groove (31), and the wave groove that the notch of the both sides of described work interlayer (14) makes progress is backflash (32); Described light band module (28) is electrically connected with the control system that described mainframe section is provided with; Described temperature sensor, humidity sensor, baroceptor are electrically connected with the control system that described mainframe section is provided with; Described cabinet is provided with folding solar cell panel (4); Described botanical seedling culturing machine organism bottom is equipped with several balance foots (9).
2. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described mainframe section, subsidiary engine section and the shell of educating training active section cabinet are made of insulation material, described mainframe section, subsidiary engine section and educate between the training active section cabinet by the sealing strip sealing, described mainframe section, subsidiary engine section and educate the cabinet door of training active section cabinet and cabinet between be equipped with sealing strip.
3. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described drawer type is educated the Vierendeel girder that training chest of drawers (5) is provided with the drawer face and fixedlys connected with the drawer face, described Vierendeel girder and described drawer face constitute the hollow cuboid of one or two root post and four crossbeams, and described column is provided with a plurality of snapping heads; Described working lining frame (13) constitutes rectangular frame by the connecting rod spiral-lock on described column, spiral-lock has at least one support rail between two long limits of described rectangular frame, and described active operation dish is placed on the work interlayer (14) of working lining frame.
4. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described drawer type is educated training chest of drawers (5) and is provided with roller (19) and corresponding the sliding of described drawout cubicle dragging track (18).
5. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: in described working lining frame (13), be provided with moving mesh moving up and down (16), described moving mesh (16) spiral-lock is in vertical rod (20), and described vertical rod (20) is installed on hydraulic pressure or the pneumatic piston (22).
6. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described active operation dish (15) is arranged on the work interlayer (14), be evenly equipped with through hole (25) on the base plate (24) of described active operation dish (15), both sides are provided with by rivet (27) and are provided with handle (26).
7. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: be covered with high-pressure air pipe (30) on the corrugated work interlayer of described active operation layer frame (13), described high-pressure air pipe is provided with make progress jet nozzle or capillary pinprick; The high-pressure air pipe that is arranged on the described undulatory work interlayer (14) is provided with to active operation dish (15) jet nozzle or capillary pinprick.
8. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described light band module (28) is made of LD or LED light band, and described LD or LED light band send in indigo plant, green, yellow, red, the ultraviolet at least a.
9. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described spray piping water route is provided with preheater.
10. botanical seedling culturing machine according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described solar panel is located at end face, both ends of the surface and the front-back of cabinet, and a plurality of solar panels are connected with cabinet by hinge (12).
CN2009203515428U 2009-12-26 2009-12-26 Plant seedling machine Expired - Lifetime CN201571378U (en)

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Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101743861B (en) * 2009-12-26 2011-06-01 湖南省湘晖农业技术开发有限公司 Botanical seedling culturing machine
CN103270907A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-09-04 深圳市锐诚光电科技有限公司 Environment-friendly organic plant cultivation device
CN103477911A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 Space plant culture device
CN103988734A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-08-20 陕西理工学院 Household solar intelligent rice seedling culturing device
CN104798627A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-07-29 湖南三箭农业科技有限公司 Automatic control device for plant growth environment
CN105145181A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-16 广东新光源电子科技有限公司 Plant growth system based on home environment planting
CN105613128A (en) * 2014-10-30 2016-06-01 青岛农业大学 Novel intelligent breeding and culturing device
CN106305076A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Environment control method used for cultivating panax stipuleanatus
CN107494046A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-22 苏州汉克山姆照明科技有限公司 A kind of nursery cabin
CN112188831A (en) * 2018-05-25 2021-01-05 智慧生长解决方案有限公司 Ventilation and lighting device

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101743861B (en) * 2009-12-26 2011-06-01 湖南省湘晖农业技术开发有限公司 Botanical seedling culturing machine
CN103270907A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-09-04 深圳市锐诚光电科技有限公司 Environment-friendly organic plant cultivation device
CN103270907B (en) * 2013-04-25 2015-05-13 深圳市锐诚光电科技有限公司 Environment-friendly organic plant cultivation device
CN103477911B (en) * 2013-09-10 2015-09-02 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 Space plant culture device
CN103477911A (en) * 2013-09-10 2014-01-01 福建省农业科学院农业生态研究所 Space plant culture device
CN103988734A (en) * 2014-04-17 2014-08-20 陕西理工学院 Household solar intelligent rice seedling culturing device
CN105613128A (en) * 2014-10-30 2016-06-01 青岛农业大学 Novel intelligent breeding and culturing device
CN104798627A (en) * 2015-04-26 2015-07-29 湖南三箭农业科技有限公司 Automatic control device for plant growth environment
CN105145181A (en) * 2015-09-07 2015-12-16 广东新光源电子科技有限公司 Plant growth system based on home environment planting
CN105145181B (en) * 2015-09-07 2018-01-19 广东新光源电子科技有限公司 A kind of plant growth system based on domestic environment plantation
CN106305076A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Environment control method used for cultivating panax stipuleanatus
CN107494046A (en) * 2017-09-20 2017-12-22 苏州汉克山姆照明科技有限公司 A kind of nursery cabin
CN112188831A (en) * 2018-05-25 2021-01-05 智慧生长解决方案有限公司 Ventilation and lighting device

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Effective date of abandoning: 20091226