CN104488514A - Artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus - Google Patents

Artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104488514A
CN104488514A CN201410773446.8A CN201410773446A CN104488514A CN 104488514 A CN104488514 A CN 104488514A CN 201410773446 A CN201410773446 A CN 201410773446A CN 104488514 A CN104488514 A CN 104488514A
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China
Prior art keywords
days
condition
environment
light transmittance
spray
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Pending
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CN201410773446.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
舒少芳
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舒少芳
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Priority to CN201410773446.8A priority Critical patent/CN104488514A/en
Publication of CN104488514A publication Critical patent/CN104488514A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention discloses an artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus. The method comprises the following specific steps: selecting thick and strong tissue culture seedlings with height of 6-9 cm to bottle out; exercising the seedlings in a substrate which is formed by mixing lichen, tree moss or perlite and peat soil according to a proportion of 3:2; spraying water timely under the condition of light transmittance of 30-35 percent, controlling the relative humidity of the environment to be within 65-75 percent, keeping ventilation, and starting to spray nutrient solution after 8 days for a period of 8 days; maintaining an optimal photosynthetic growth and development ecological condition under a full illumination condition, wherein the traditional Chinese medicinal material tropaeolum majus with high yield and high medicinal effective component content can be harvested in 1-2 years. The full-illumination planting method is particularly suitable for cultivating the tropaeolum majus in the open field with adequate illumination; compared with the existing cultivation method, the method has the advantages of easiness and convenience in operation, low cultivation cost, good economic benefit, capability of truly realizing good quality and high yield and the like.

Description

The artificial method for planting of a kind of money lotus
Technical field
The present invention relates to the artificial cultivation method of a kind of money lotus, belong to technical field of Chinese herbal medicine cultivation.
Background technology
At present, money lotus is grown and the report of cultivation method, generally believe that artificial cultivation money lotus all needs to use sunshade net to carry out shading treatment.But study discovery by us, money lotus is a kind of sun plant liking light, and full exposure condition just can reach maximum photosynthetic accumulation, reaches the highest growth rate.Also find in experiment in cultivation, money lotus under dark conditions its amount of growth and medicinal ingredient all lower than the plant grown under full exposure condition, and cultivation cost cultivate far above full exposure.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and artificial method for planting that is a kind of and a kind of money lotus of the good quality and high output that the ecological and biological characteristic of money lotus plant itself adapts, easy and simple to handle, yield and quality is high, good in economic efficiency is provided.
To achieve these goals, the concrete steps of the artificial method for planting of a kind of money lotus of the present invention are as follows:
1, selecting high is the sturdy plantlet in vitro bottle outlet of 6 ~ 9cm, be placed in the matrix hardening that lichens or tree moss or perlite mix by 3: 2 with peat soil, be under the condition of 30 ~ 35% at light transmittance, in good time water spray, the relative moisture that controls environment is in 65 ~ 75%, keep ventilated, start spray nutritious liquor after 8 days, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 8 days;
2, hardening is after 65 days, and moving on to light transmittance is adapt to 35 days in the environment of 65 ~ 75%; Moving on to light transmittance is again adapt to 12 ~ 17 days in the environment of 82 ~ 92%; Finally move on to 2m position above it to be provided with in the cultivation seedbed of rainer and to cultivate under full exposure condition;
3, under full exposure condition, need water spray and regular spray nutritious liquor in good time, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 12 days; Planting environment relative moisture controls in 65 ~ 85%, and to ensure sufficient Water condition and nutrient, maintain optimal light and close the ecological condition that grows, output of can gathering for 1 ~ 2 year is high and the traditional Chinese medicine money lotus that effective medicinal components content is also high.
Full exposure cultivation method of the present invention be specially adapted to illumination abundance open country money lotus cultivation, compared with existing cultivation method (shading), have easy and simple to handle, cultivation cost low, good in economic efficiency, really reach the advantages such as good quality and high output.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:
The concrete steps of the artificial method for planting of a kind of money lotus are as follows:
1, selection height is the sturdy plantlet in vitro bottle outlet of 8cm, be placed in the matrix hardening that lichens or tree moss or perlite mix by 3: 2 with peat soil, be under the condition of 30% at light transmittance, in good time water spray, the relative moisture that controls environment is in 65%, keep ventilated, start spray nutritious liquor after 8 days, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 8 days;
2, hardening is after 65 days, and moving on to light transmittance is adapt to 35 days in the environment of 65%; Moving on to light transmittance is again adapt to 12 days in the environment of 85%; Finally move on to 2m position above it to be provided with in the cultivation seedbed of rainer and to cultivate under full exposure condition;
3, under full exposure condition, need water spray and regular spray nutritious liquor in good time, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 10 days; It is 60% that planting environment relative moisture controls, and to ensure sufficient Water condition and nutrient, maintain optimal light and close the ecological condition that grows, output of can gathering for 1.5 years is high and the traditional Chinese medicine money lotus that effective medicinal components content is also high.
Embodiment 2:
1, selection height is the sturdy plantlet in vitro bottle outlet of 6cm, and being placed in tree moss matrix hardening, is under the condition of 28% at light transmittance, in good time water spray, the relative moisture that controls environment is in 65%, keeps ventilated, start spray nutritious liquor after 7 days, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 7 days.
2, hardening is after 2 months, and moving on to light transmittance is adapt to 30 days in the environment of 50%; Moving on to light transmittance is again adapt to 12 days in the environment of 90%: finally move on to 1.5m position above it and be provided with in the cultivation seedbed of rainer and cultivate under full exposure condition;
3, under full exposure condition, need water spray and regular spray nutritious liquor in good time, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 10 days; Planting environment relative moisture controls as ' 70%, and to ensure sufficient Water condition and nutrient, maintain optimal light and close the ecological condition that grows, output of can gathering for 1.7 years is high and the traditional Chinese medicine money lotus bucket that effective medicinal components content is also high.
The method practical application shows: money lotus output improves 20 ~ 30% than the existing shade culture method of any one, and the soluble polysaccharide of its effective medicinal components improves 10 ~ 15%, soluble protein improves 40 ~ 45%, improve the seed output and quality of traditional Chinese medicine money lotus, really accomplish good quality and high output.

Claims (1)

1. the artificial method for planting of a money lotus, its plantation step is as follows: 1, selecting high is the sturdy plantlet in vitro bottle outlet of 6 ~ 9cm, be placed in the matrix hardening that lichens or tree moss or perlite are mixing by 3: 2 with peat soil, be under the condition of 30 ~ 35% at light transmittance, in good time water spray, the relative moisture that controls environment is in 65 ~ 75%, keeps ventilated, start spray nutritious liquor after 8 days, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 8 days; 2, hardening is after 65 days, and moving on to light transmittance is adapt to 35 days in the environment of 65 ~ 75%; Moving on to light transmittance is again adapt to 12 ~ 17 days in the environment of 82 ~ 92%; Finally move on to 2m position above it to be provided with in the cultivation seedbed of rainer and to cultivate under full exposure condition; 3, under full exposure condition, need water spray and regular spray nutritious liquor in good time, the cycle of spray nutritious liquor is 12 days; Planting environment relative moisture controls in 65 ~ 85%, and to ensure sufficient Water condition and nutrient, maintain optimal light and close the ecological condition that grows, output of can gathering for 1 ~ 2 year is high and the traditional Chinese medicine money lotus that effective medicinal components content is also high.
CN201410773446.8A 2014-12-16 2014-12-16 Artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus Pending CN104488514A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410773446.8A CN104488514A (en) 2014-12-16 2014-12-16 Artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410773446.8A CN104488514A (en) 2014-12-16 2014-12-16 Artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN104488514A true CN104488514A (en) 2015-04-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201410773446.8A Pending CN104488514A (en) 2014-12-16 2014-12-16 Artificial planting method of tropaeolum majus

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN104488514A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105830881A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-10 唐云龙 Planting method of anoectochilus roxburghii
CN106613827A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-10 福建省中科生物股份有限公司 Roxburghanoectochilus factory cultivation method and cultivation module
CN108575652A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-09-28 江口县旭辉生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of money lotus

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105830881A (en) * 2016-03-24 2016-08-10 唐云龙 Planting method of anoectochilus roxburghii
CN106613827A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-10 福建省中科生物股份有限公司 Roxburghanoectochilus factory cultivation method and cultivation module
CN108575652A (en) * 2018-05-23 2018-09-28 江口县旭辉生态农业科技有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of money lotus

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Addressee: Shu Shaofang

Document name: Notification of Passing Preliminary Examination of the Application for Invention

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Application publication date: 20150408