Numerical control ceramic tile applies pulp grinder
The invention belongs to a technical field of building machine machinery.
In building, repairs profession, tile fixing (ceramics) is common common work.Workpeople applies cement paste ceramic tile, then it is attached on wall, then beats it, revises its attitude and position, and by beaing, it and metope is close to more.In this process, the most difficult assurance of workpeople is amount and the uniformity of the cement paste be applied on ceramic tile.How cement paste has applied ceramic tile can protrude, and what be difficult to periphery is concordant, applies to have lacked ceramic tile and can fall in, equally cannot concordant with periphery, the overall injustice of order.On the other hand how cement paste has applied and also can easily cause the phenomenon smashing brick in the process of patch block, this is because workman often in order to concordant do not want again to pull down subtract slurry or again apply slurry, have to beat with strength, result is that ceramic tile has been smashed.This situation is customary.Apply and lacked and can make the ceramic tile back side to occur cavity.
Deposited slurry evenly refers to two requirements, indispensable.First is that the total amount of cement paste on each block ceramic tile is equal, and second is that the distribution of cement paste on ceramic tile is wanted evenly.In order to reach these, mason, when tile fixing, requires that the time of cost is maximum.Even but so, although mason has spent the tremendous effort also to get half the result with twice the effort.Do these work because behaving to only have by feel and experience, so amount and the uniformity of applying cement paste are the skills that the most difficult support of construction worker is held, and are also the most important reasons affecting patch block speed and quality.
Summary of the invention
Stablize to make to apply cement paste on the ceramic tile cement paste total amount evenly, on each block ceramic tile, this invention takes following technical measures: at the brick outlet (i.e. the position at transition bench 6 place) of ceramic tile feedway, drive roll 14 is housed, drive roll 14 is by shaft coupling or gear or driving-belt or chain and cross slurry motor 13 and link together, and is provided with conveyer belt 1 between drive roll 14 and passive cylinder 17.Crossing slurry motor 13 can drive conveyer belt 1 to rotate together with passive cylinder 17 by drive roll 14 under control of the computer.The top of conveyer belt 1 is provided with slurry tank 2, and slurry tank 2 is the airtight containers that movable port is housed, and the top of slurry tank 2 connects air pump by pipeline.Pulp electromagnetic valve 16 is equipped with in the lower end of slurry tank 2, and pulp electromagnetic valve 16 has a bar shaped outlet.Ceramic tile 15 can flow through the below of pulp electromagnetic valve 16 under the drive of conveyer belt 1; Pulp electromagnetic valve 16 connected electromagnetic valve drive circuit, driving circuit for electromagnetic valve connects computer.Cross slurry motor 13 and connect electric machine controller, electric machine controller connects computer.
The benefit done like this is: are uniform strips by the outlet of pulp electromagnetic valve 16, starches tank 2 simultaneously and is connected to air pump by pipeline.So under compressed-air actuated effect, be contained in the outlet of the pulp electromagnetic valve 16 of slurry tank 2 lower end, when electromagnetic valve is opened, cement paste can be sprayed on the ceramic tile 15 flowed through below it with uniform sheet and constant speed.Cement paste on ceramic tile 15 is applied equably above.Simultaneously, because above-mentioned condition is all the same when whitewashing each time, it makes the total amount of cement paste on each block ceramic tile constant, the amount of the cement paste on ceramic tile and the uniformity is made to obtain sound assurance, not only significantly reduce the labour intensity of workman, the metope simultaneously using the present invention to post is more flat more solid.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structure chart that numerical control ceramic tile applies pulp grinder, front top view.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart that numerical control ceramic tile applies pulp grinder, rear top view.
In figure: conveyer belt 1, slurry tank 2, rises brick motor 3, screw rod 4, brick heap 5, transition bench 6, guide rail 7, cylinder 8, connecting rod 9, pushing hands 10, slide block 11, holder hook 12, mistake slurry motor 13, drive roll 14, ceramic tile 15, pulp electromagnetic valve 16, passive cylinder 17.
detailed description of the invention
Ceramic tile feedway described in the application, refers to and constantly ceramic tile can be delivered to machinery on conveyer belt 1 assigned address or electromechanical assembly for the present invention.Structure and the form of the ceramic tile feedway that can realize this goal have varied.They mainly include number-controlled, servo-type etc.To remove point to also have the hybrid etc. of fluid pressure type, pneumatic type, screw and these modes by driving element.The present invention does not have particular/special requirement to ceramic tile feedway, is all applicable to this programme uses as long as constantly ceramic tile can be delivered to machinery on conveyer belt 1 assigned address or electromechanical assembly.Ceramic tile feedway and the actual technical problem that will solve of the application have nothing to do in fact.Because whether evenly the haveing nothing to do with it of cement paste on ceramic tile, it is non-essential, just for facilitating the device of the continuous operation of machine energy, raising automaticity.
The ceramic tile feedway of this example mainly comprises and rises brick motor 3, screw rod 4, transition bench 6, guide rail 7, cylinder 8, connecting rod 9, pushing hands 10, slide block 11, holder hook 12 etc.Rise the upper end that brick motor 3 is contained in guide rail 7, screw rod 4 is equipped with in the rotating shaft rising brick motor 3.Slide block 11 is processed with internal thread hole, and screw rod 4 and slide block 11 are threaded togather.Slide block 11 is contained on guide rail 7 and also can be free to slide.Rising when brick motor 3 rotates can drive slide block 11 to be elevated by screw rod 4.Holder hook 12 slide block 11 is equipped with, for support brick heap 5.Such structure can be applicable to number-controlled also can be applied to servo-type.Such as during number-controlled, dress up stepper motor rising brick motor 3, it under control of the computer, can rise the height that brick action all promotes brick heap 5 one block of ceramic tile each time; During servo-type, rise brick motor 3 and common motor can be used also can to use stepper motor.As long as installation site sensor on brick is piled, under the control of computer and the cooperation of position sensor, the height of the Zhuan Dui the superiors constant (namely realizing constantly supply) can be kept.Can also substitute by pneumatic or hydraulic-driven the driving rising brick motor 3 in servo-type.The work rising brick motor 3 is toward pull-up brick heap.In servo-type, when brick heap rises to predetermined height, uppermost ceramic tile touches the position sensor be contained on rebound.Position sensor sends brick to computer and piles the signal put in place, rises brick motor stopping after computer receives signal by electric machine controller instruction.At this moment the end face of brick heap is just above the height of transition bench 6 one deck (one piece) ceramic tile; Cylinder 8 connects air-operated solenoid valve by pipeline, and air-operated solenoid valve connects air pump by pipeline.The drive coil connected electromagnetic valve drive circuit of air-operated solenoid valve simultaneously, driving circuit for electromagnetic valve connects computer.Computer drives the piston in cylinder 8, connecting rod 9 and pushing hands 10 to seesaw by air-operated solenoid valve and air pump.Just in time brick is piled uppermost one block of ceramic tile when travelling forward to shift onto on the position that conveyer belt 1 specifies.Motion can reset backward, prepares action next time.On the other hand, cylinder 8 can also change oil cylinder into, is driven by hydraulic oil pump.More can change into screw rod or other machinery dress driven by motor.The structure of ceramic tile feedway and operating principle are diversified in a word.They can under control of the computer ceramic tile one piece again plot to deliver to conveyer belt 1 fixing in the localities.
The course of work of ceramic tile feedway is: when after everything in readiness, as long as user presses beginning button, computer just sends instruction by air-powered electromagnetic valve-driving circuit to air-operated solenoid valve at once, opens air pump and leads to cylinder 8 driven plunger air flue forward, and start timing.Compressed air in air pump enters cylinder 8 by pipeline and air solenoid valve, and piston driving connecting rod 9 and pushing hands 10 are pushed away forward.This action is pushed the first floor ceramic tile on brick heap 5 direction of transition bench 6 to and stops on conveyer belt 1, and piston is parked in front stop.At this moment, computer terminates according to the setting timing of software.Timing terminates rear computer and started slurry motor 13 and air solenoid valve according to set software program simultaneously, cross that slurry motor 13 drives that conveyer belt 1 runs, air solenoid valve changes air flue, reset by compressed air-driven piston, connecting rod 9 and pushing hands 10 are mobile backward.And then the height that brick motor 3 draws high brick heap 5 one block of ceramic tile under the instruction of computer is risen, ready for pushing away brick next time.
Structure of the present invention and operating principle: drive roll 14 is housed at the brick outlet place (i.e. transition bench 6 position) of ceramic tile feedway, drive roll 14 is by shaft coupling or gear or driving-belt or chain and cross slurry motor 13 and link together.Upper conveyor belt 1 is overlapped between drive roll 14 and passive cylinder 17.Crossing slurry motor 13 can drive conveyer belt 1 to rotate together with passive cylinder 17 by drive roll 14 under control of the computer.The top of conveyer belt 1 is provided with slurry tank 2, and slurry tank 2 is the airtight containers that movable port is housed.The top of slurry tank 2 connects air-operated solenoid valve by pipeline, and air-operated solenoid valve connects air pump by pipeline.Pulp electromagnetic valve 16 is equipped with in the lower end of slurry tank 2, and pulp electromagnetic valve 16 has a bar shaped outlet, and it makes from the cement paste slabbing flowed out here and applies on ceramic tile 15.Ceramic tile 15, under the drive of conveyer belt 1, can flow through the below of pulp electromagnetic valve 16; Pulp electromagnetic valve 16 connected electromagnetic valve drive circuit, driving circuit for electromagnetic valve connects computer, and cross slurry motor 13 and connect electric machine controller, electric machine controller connects computer.
The course of work of the present invention is: first muddy water workman opens the survivor of a murder attempt of slurry tank 2, fills with the cement paste of pasty state inside, then closes the survivor of a murder attempt.Brick is stacked the power supply opening machine after pop-up hooks 12.At this moment air pump start working, computer system reset.And then computer controlled porcelain making brick feedway is on brick heap 5, and uppermost first block of ceramic tile is delivered on the position that conveyer belt 1 specifies.Then computer instruction is crossed slurry motor 13 and is opened, and conveyer belt 1 advances with the direction of ceramic tile 15 towards slurry tank 2.When the stroke of ceramic tile 15 reaches setting value, the front end of ceramic tile 15 is just in the below of pulp electromagnetic valve 16.This computer-chronograph is opened by driving circuit for electromagnetic valve instruction pulp electromagnetic valve 16.At this moment the cement paste in slurry tank 2, under compressed-air actuated effect, is also just dropped on ceramic tile 15 by the strip outlet ejection downwards of electromagnetic valve.Due to the constant pressure of slurry tank 2 compressed air, make the speed of water-spray type slurry also constant.The translational speed of ceramic tile 15 is controlled by computer, the spouting velocity of hydrous water mud, so just makes the cement paste that applies on ceramic tile 15 uniform and stable.From whitewashing, when the stroke to ceramic tile 15 reaches the length of self.Gunite work terminates.Computations pulp electromagnetic valve 16 cuts out.At this moment ceramic tile 15 just applies above has expired cement paste.Conveyer belt 1 continues to lead ceramic tile 15 to moving ahead, and stops stand-by when ceramic tile 15 walks to the front end of conveyer belt 1.Apply slurry work to complete.