CN104397053B - Preparation method for botanical pesticide for specially killing cabbage caterpillars during organic vegetable planting - Google Patents

Preparation method for botanical pesticide for specially killing cabbage caterpillars during organic vegetable planting Download PDF

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CN104397053B
CN104397053B CN201410753998.2A CN201410753998A CN104397053B CN 104397053 B CN104397053 B CN 104397053B CN 201410753998 A CN201410753998 A CN 201410753998A CN 104397053 B CN104397053 B CN 104397053B
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parts
radix
preparation
killing
botanical pesticide
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CN104397053A (en
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张高立
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ZHEJIANG HENG ZE ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Ltd Co
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ZHEJIANG HENG ZE ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY Ltd Co
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/30Against vector-borne diseases, e.g. mosquito-borne, fly-borne, tick-borne or waterborne diseases whose impact is exacerbated by climate change

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method for a botanical pesticide for specially killing cabbage caterpillars during organic vegetable planting. The preparation method comprises the following steps: 1), preparing raw materials, wherein the raw materials comprise the following components in parts by weight: 10-15 parts of radix sophorae flavescentis, 7-10 parts of melia toosendan, 12-19 parts of melia toosendan bark, 10-15 parts of tripterygium glycosides, 18-24 parts of raw kusnezoff monkshood roots, 4-6 parts of radix euphorbiae lantu, 6-8 parts of pericarpium citri reticulatae and 13 parts of tobacco; 2), adding 3 to 4 times of water by weight in the raw materials, decocting in a sealing manner at the temperature of 90-100 DEG C for 100 to 120 minutes, filtering, and concentrating the filtrate to be 1/3-1/4 of the original used water amount to obtain the botanical pesticide for specially killing pierisrapae linne. The botanical pesticide can targetedly and specially kill cabbage caterpillars by scientific compatibility of the traditional Chinese medicine components, and is high in permeability, conducive to plant uptake, low in cost, free of three-evil, residue, pollution and drug resistance, high in drug adsorption, and long in drug effect duration.

Description

The preparation method of the vegetable insecticide of organic vegetable planting process special for killing cabbage worm
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural planting Pesticidal technology, specifically a kind of middle-size and small-size (family) farm is in organic vegetable kind The method and apparatus preparing special for killing cabbage worm vegetable insecticide during plant.
Background technology
The phenomenon abusing chemical pesticide in China's green leaf vegetable is quite serious.Country expressly provides the chemical pesticide prohibitting the use of Peasant still use, therefore due in agricultural product the exceeded poisoning causing of high-toxic pesticide residual quantity occur repeatedly.According to statistics, entirely The world has 3,000,000 pesticide intoxication persons every year, China have every year tens thousand of to 100,000 pesticide intoxication persons.Chemical pesticide residual is exceeded to be caused Food poisoning at any time all it may happen that.Meanwhile, long-term chemical pesticide remains in people's cylinder accumulation, leads to be difficult to discover Chronic poisoning and " three cause " effect.Meanwhile, chemical pesticide residual also results in soil fail, environmental pollution.At present, open energetically Send out pesticide made of Chinese medicinal herbs, progressively substituting chemical pesticide is a new breakthrough in World Agrochemicals history.
Cabbage butterfly (Classification system:Pierisrapae Linne), also known as Pieris rapae, become 12~20 millimeters of polypide length, vegetable powder Butterfly belongs to complete metamorphosiss and develops.Main host plants are in Cruciferae, Compositae, Convolvulaceae etc. 9 section plant, Cruciferae vegetable of mainly causing harm Dish, especially with cabbage mustard, Caulis et Folium Brassicae capitatae, Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis L. etc. aggrieved than more serious.
All there is the not good defect of insecticidal effect in the existing at present vegetable insecticide for Pieris rapae.
Content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of middle-size and small-size (family) farm in organic vegetable planting process The method preparing vegetable insecticide, this vegetable insecticide is used in particular for special for killing cabbage worm.
In order to solve above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention provides a kind of plant of organic vegetable planting process special for killing cabbage worm to kill The preparation method of worm agent, follows the steps below successively:
1), preparation raw material:
With Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss 10-15 part, Fructus Toosendan 7-10 part, Fructus Toosendan skin (Cortex Meliae) 12-19 part, Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii 10-15 part, Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii 18-24 part, Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae) 4-6 part, Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 6-8 part, 13 parts of constitutive materials of Nicotiana tabacum L.;Described part is weight portion;
2), add the water of 3~4 times of weight in the feed, seal 100~120 points of decoction at a temperature of 90~100 DEG C Clock;Filter, gained filtrate concentrates the 1/3~1/4 of most former water consumption, obtains the vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm.
Improvement as the preparation method of the vegetable insecticide of the machine growing vegetables process special for killing cabbage worm of the present invention:Concentrate and be Concentrated at 90~110 DEG C.
Improvement further as the preparation method of the vegetable insecticide of the machine growing vegetables process special for killing cabbage worm of the present invention: Step 1) be:With 13 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 10 parts of Fructus Toosendan, 19 parts of Fructus Toosendan skin, 15 parts of Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, 24 parts of Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii, 6 parts of the Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae), Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae 8 Part and 13 parts of constitutive materials of Nicotiana tabacum L..
In raw material, the source of every composition is described as follows:
Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, (scientific name:Sophora flavescens) for pulse family Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss belong to plant.It is distributed in Russia, Japan, print The ground such as each provinces and regions in north and south of degree, Korea and China's Mainland, are grown on the area of 1500 meters of height above sea level, give birth in hillside, sand ground, grass more In slope, spinney and near field, at present not yet by artificial introducing and planting.Indication:Heat clearing and damp drying, parasite killing, diuresis.For Cure hematodiarrhoea, have blood in stool, jaundice urine retention, red and white leukorrhea.Matrine can be extracted, matrine is a kind of high-efficient broad-spectrum insecticide, not All there is good insecticidal effect with area to the insect of the crops such as vegetable, fruit tree, Folium Camelliae sinensis, Semen Tritici aestivi, Oryza sativa L..And aqueous matrine solution It is safe to people and animals, to crop no poisoning, noresidue, free from environmental pollution, using rear no bad smell, do not affect the matter of product Amount and local flavor.Adopt (main matrine containing matrine, oxymatrine oxymatrine, sophor-anol based on Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss Sophoranol, N-methylcytisine N-methylcytisine and SopHocarpine sophocarpine etc.), with other medium-height grass Prescription supplemented by medicine, can make multiple have that insecticidal action is strong, noresidue, the plant to people and animals' low toxicity, environmentally safe Insecticide.
Fructus Toosendan, (scientific name:Melia toosendan) for Meliaceae deciduous tree toosendanin mature fruit.Mainly originate in The southern various places of China, superior with the product person in Sichuan, therefore also known as Fructus Toosendan.Fructus Toosendan is cold in nature, bitter in the mouth, is the one of qi-activating drug Kind.There are soothing liver-QI promoting the circulation of QI to relieve pain, the drug effect of anthelmintic.For chest side of body, abdominal distention, colic, abdominal pain due to worm stagnation.But also be to make efficiently The important source material of no residual hazard free of contamination novel plant pesticide.Fructus Toosendan bitter cold settles, and mainly enters Liver Channel, catharsis liver-heat, OK Gas pain relieving, controls the stagnation of QI and has demonstrate,proving of heat especially suitable.
Fructus Toosendan skin (Cortex Meliae) is dry bark and the root bark of Meliaceae plant Fructus Toosendan, also known as Melia azedarach L., gloomy tree, pale reddish brown tree, hardship Chinaberry skin etc..Fructus Toosendan is widely distributed, mainly originates in the ground such as China Sichuan, Hunan, Hubei, Henan, Guangxi, Guizhou, Yunnan.At present Extract chinaberry alkane type triterpenoid, lignanoids from Fructus Toosendan, flavonoid and other phenolic compounds wherein belong to triterpenoid compound Toosendanin (TSN) there is anti-inflammation heat-clearing and toxic substances removing and the effect of anti-Enterozoa.
Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, is Caulis Fibraureae, beeswax rattan, cabbageworm medicine, red medicine, water thick grass, Classification system again:Tripterygium Wilfordii, is Celastraceae, the root of tripterygium plant Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, liana shrub, and main product is in Fujian, Zhejiang, Anhui, Henan Etc. ground.Be born in the shade how wet hillside, mountain valley, in the bushes of small stream side.The more shady and cool hillside of happiness, deep with slant acidity, soil layer Sand soil or yellow soil the most preferably grow.Bitter in the mouth, pungent, cool in nature, poison greatly.Return liver and kidney channel.Effect removing toxic substances parasite killing.
Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii, Chinese medicine name.Tuber for Ranunculaceae herbaceos perennial Aconitum carmichjaelii Debx. (wild species) or Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb.Autumn stem Excavation when leaf is withered, removes fibrous root and silt, is dried.Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii used in the market mostly is wild product, China northern territory Mainly take from ranunculaceae plant Aconitum kusnezoffii Reichb, the tuber of Aconitum carmichjaelii Debx. is then mainly taken from southern areas.There is expelling wind and removing dampness, dispelling cold by warming the meridian, The effect of reducing swelling and alleviating pain.
The Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae) (Classification system:Stellera chamaejasme Linn.), the another name river Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae), continuous poison, Radix Stellerae etc., be Thymelaeceae stellera, perennial herb or shrub.The toxicity of the Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae) is larger, can be with parasite killing.
Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, is the mature peel of rutaceae orange and its variety.Evergreen dungarunga of tangerine or shrub, cultivate in mound Mound, low mountain zone, rivers and lakes bank or Plain.It is distributed in each department on the south the Changjiang river.During 10 to December fruit maturation, take fruit Real, strip peel, dry in the shade or aeration-drying.Being slit into 3 to 4 lobes when Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae strips more.Volatile oil contained by Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae has fragrant stomach invigorating Effect with the wind dispelling therapeutic method to keep the adverse QI flowing downwards.
Nicotiana tabacum L., (scientific name:Nicotiana tabacum) it is Solanaceae annual herb plant, all there is cultivation all parts of the country.Cigarette The main insecticidal constituent of grass is nicotine, and Nicotiana tabacum L. always just uses as insecticide among the people, to preventing and treating diseases and pests of agronomic crop effect Significantly.
The invention belongs to the vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm;The scientific compatibility by Chinese medicine ingredients for the present invention, orientation is specially Killing cabbage worm, permeability is strong, is conducive to the absorption of plant, low cost, the no three disasters, noresidue, pollution-free, no Drug resistance, Pharmaceutical Absorption affinity is strong, duration of efficacy is long.
The specifically used method of the vegetable insecticide of the special for killing cabbage worm of the present invention is as follows:
By the vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm of the present invention and water according to 1:3~5 weight ratio is diluted, by gained The full vegetable plot of diluent sprays, and consumption is 200~1000 grams of vegetable insecticide/mus, once sprays in the high-incidence season of Pieris rapae, As illumination is good, a few hours or once dead because stomach function regulating of tagging absorbs to two days Pieris rapae.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1, a kind of vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm, its preparation method is to follow the steps below successively:
1), preparation raw material:
With 13 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 10 parts of Fructus Toosendan, 19 parts of Fructus Toosendan skin (Cortex Meliae), 15 parts of Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, 24 parts of Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii, the Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae) 6 Part, 8 parts of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, 13 parts of constitutive materials of Nicotiana tabacum L.;
2), add the water of 3 times of weight in the feed, decoct 120 minutes at a temperature of 100 DEG C;Gained filtrate is concentrated into The 1/3 of former water consumption;After being cooled to room temperature, obtain the vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm.
Embodiment 2, a kind of vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm, its preparation method is to follow the steps below successively:
1), preparation raw material:
With 15 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 8 parts of Fructus Toosendan, 15 parts of Fructus Toosendan skin (Cortex Meliae), 13 parts of Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, 20 parts of Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii, the Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae) 5 Part, 7 parts of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, 13 parts of constitutive materials of Nicotiana tabacum L..
Step 2) with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3, a kind of vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm, its preparation method is to follow the steps below successively:
1), preparation raw material:
With 10 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 7 parts of Fructus Toosendan, 12 parts of Fructus Toosendan skin (Cortex Meliae), 10 parts of Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, 18 parts of Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii, the Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae) 4 Part, 6 parts of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, 13 parts of constitutive materials of Nicotiana tabacum L..
Step 2) with embodiment 1.
Experiment 1, the vegetable insecticide to above-described embodiment 1~embodiment 3 gained carry out respectively following for Pieris rapae Virulence test:
By vegetable insecticide be diluted to 3 times, 5 times (times of weight), using the culture dish of diameter 9cm, in each culture dish Filter paper on pad, places the two-sided Cabbage Mustard Leaves (remarks being all moistened with vegetable insecticide after dilution:Daily replacing once this Cabbage Mustard Leaves, often Secondary make Cabbage Mustard Leaves basic confluent cultures ware), it is then placed in 10 Pieris rapae, be placed in constant incubator (25 DEG C of temperature, humidity 85%) behind 12 hours, 24 hours, 48 hours, record the death condition of Pieris rapae,
Each experiment is repeated 10 times, and takes its meansigma methods;The results are shown in Table 1.
Table 1, the mortality rate (%) of Pieris rapae
Comparative example 1, " 13 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss " in embodiment 1 are made into 25 parts, remaining is equal to embodiment 1.
Comparative example 2, " 13 parts of Nicotiana tabacum L. " in embodiment 1 is made into 18 parts, remaining is equal to embodiment 1.
Comparative example 3, " 13 parts of Nicotiana tabacum L. " in embodiment 1 is made into 8 parts, remaining is equal to embodiment 1.
Comparative example 4, " 13 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 13 parts of the Nicotiana tabacum L. " in embodiment 1 is made into " 20 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 20 parts of Nicotiana tabacum L. ", remaining It is equal to embodiment 1.
Contrast experiment, the vegetable insecticide of above-mentioned comparative example 1~4 gained is carried out Pieris rapae according to testing 1 methods described Virulence test, only carried out diluting 3 times of test, acquired results are as shown in table 2 below.
Table 2, the mortality rate (%) (3 times of dilution) of Pieris rapae
12 hours 24 hours 48 hours
Comparative example 1 54% 83% 90%
Comparative example 2 55% 82% 90%
Comparative example 3 40% 71% 88%
Comparative example 4 52% 75% 88%
Embodiment 1 68% 92% 97%
By the contrast of above-mentioned case, it is understood that:Proportion relation between every composition of the present invention is extremely important 's.Only optimal insecticidal effect could be obtained according to the formula that the present invention provides.
Last in addition it is also necessary to it is noted that listed above be only the present invention several specific embodiments.Obviously, this Bright be not limited to above example, can also have many deformation.Those of ordinary skill in the art can be from present disclosure The all deformation directly derived or associate, are all considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the preparation method of the vegetable insecticide of organic vegetable planting process special for killing cabbage worm, is characterized in that carrying out successively following step Suddenly:
1), preparation raw material:
With 13 parts of Radix Sophorae Flavescentiss, 10 parts of Fructus Toosendan, 19 parts of Fructus Toosendan skin, 15 parts of Radix Tripterygii Wilfordii, 24 parts of Radix Aconiti Kusnezoffii, 6 parts of the Radix Euphorbiae Fischerianae (Radix Euphorbiae Ebracteolatae), 8 parts of Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae and 13 parts of constitutive materials of Nicotiana tabacum L., described part is weight portion;
2), add the water of 3~4 times of weight in the feed, sealing decoction 100~120 minutes at a temperature of 90~100 DEG C;Cross Filter, gained filtrate concentrates the 1/3~1/4 of most former water consumption, obtains the vegetable insecticide of special for killing cabbage worm.
2. the preparation method of the vegetable insecticide of organic vegetable planting process special for killing cabbage worm according to claim 1, it is special Levying is:Described concentrate in 90~110 DEG C and concentrated.
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CN105410058B (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-12-08 云南省农业科学院园艺作物研究所 A kind of cabbage caterpillar insecticide and preparation method thereof
CN105394098B (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-11-03 云南省农业科学院园艺作物研究所 A kind of method for preventing and treating cabbage caterpillar
CN105994417A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 南京信息工程大学 Environment-friendly insecticide and preparation method and application thereof
CN106962422A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-07-21 还童(锦州)特殊医学用途配方食品有限公司 Vegetable insecticide and preparation method thereof
CN108967452A (en) * 2017-06-03 2018-12-11 黑龙江省小磨坊有机杂粮农业有限责任公司 A kind of natural organic insecticide
CN108308207A (en) * 2018-03-23 2018-07-24 夏文秀 A kind of vegetable insecticide and preparation method thereof for vegetable cultivation

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