CN104328567A - Single-faced large jacquard fabric comprising 35 percent of Lyocell fiber, 30 percent of nylon, 20 percent of cotton and 15 percent of spun silk and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Single-faced large jacquard fabric comprising 35 percent of Lyocell fiber, 30 percent of nylon, 20 percent of cotton and 15 percent of spun silk and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104328567A
CN104328567A CN201410546689.8A CN201410546689A CN104328567A CN 104328567 A CN104328567 A CN 104328567A CN 201410546689 A CN201410546689 A CN 201410546689A CN 104328567 A CN104328567 A CN 104328567A
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China
Prior art keywords
percent
fabric
cotton
shrinkage
polyamide fibre
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CN201410546689.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104328567B (en
Inventor
朱炫钊
朱森波
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JIAXING KINGKAIYUE KNITTING Co Ltd
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JIAXING KINGKAIYUE KNITTING Co Ltd
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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B7/00Mercerising, e.g. lustring by mercerising
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C17/00Fulling
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • D10B2201/22Cellulose-derived artificial fibres made from cellulose solutions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2211/00Protein-based fibres, e.g. animal fibres
    • D10B2211/01Natural animal fibres, e.g. keratin fibres
    • D10B2211/04Silk
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/02Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyamides

Abstract

The invention relates to a preparation method for a fabric, in particular to a preparation method for a single-faced large jacquard fabric comprising 35 percent of Lyocell fiber, 30 percent of nylon, 20 percent of cotton and 15 percent of spun silk. The method comprises the following steps of scutching; setting with clean water and drying; mercerizing; secondarily setting; preshrinking a rubber blanket; decating; steaming and preshrinking. The prepared single-faced large jacquard fabric has the characteristics of the Lyocell fiber, the nylon, the cotton and the spun silk simultaneously, has high moisture absorption property, higher swelling property, air permeability, heat retention property, attractive luster, soft handfeel, durability, alkali resistance but no acid resistance and heat setting characteristic, and can maintain bending deformation in the heating process.

Description

The 35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20% large FIGURED CLOTH of cotton 15% spun silk one side and preparation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method of fabric, particularly relate to the preparation method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of a kind of one side.
Background technology
Lyocell fibers has high dry, wet brute force, has higher swellability, good spinnability.
Polyamide fibre has that hygroscopicity and dyeability are all good, alkaline-resisting than terylene and not acidproof, polyamide fibre has HEAT SETTING characteristic, the flexural deformation formed when can maintain heating.
Cotton feature is that moisture absorption is strong---cotton fiber is porous material, interior molecules arrangement very irregular, and containing a large amount of hydrophilic-structures in molecule.Warmth retention property----cotton fiber is the non-conductor of heat, and the inner chamber of cotton fiber is filled with immobilising air, comfortable and easy to wear---can not produce electrostatic, good air permeability, anti-sensitivity, easily cleans.
It is high that spun silk has number, and gloss profit is beautiful, feel is soft, be suitable for the light and soft fine fabrics of manufacture.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide the preparation method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of the cotton 15% spun silk one side of a kind of 35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20%, adopt the large FIGURED CLOTH of one side prepared by the method, possesses the characteristic of Lyocell fibers, polyamide fibre, cotton and spun silk simultaneously, have moisture absorption by force, higher swellability, gas permeability, warmth retention property, gloss profit is beautiful, feel is soft, durability, alkaline-resisting and not acidproof, have HEAT SETTING characteristic, the flexural deformation formed when can maintain heating.
In order to realize above-mentioned object, present invention employs following technical scheme:
The preparation method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of the cotton 15% spun silk one side of 35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20%, the method comprises the following steps:
1) raw material prepares: 120N/2 days cotton 20/ thin,tough silk 15 dyed yarns of silk 35/, 20D/2 polyamide fibre 30;
2) weave: install additional at 34 cun of 30G single-side jacquards and specially add shuttle triangle, by 48 tunnels row's pins, design flower pattern, access into yarn way by computerized version figure and color matching accordingly by dyed yarn at computer software inediting, wherein 20D polyamide fibre is done to add shuttle and is used;
3) open-width; Adopt horizontal scutcher, expander linear velocity <60m/min;
4) clear water shaping and drying;
5) mercerization: dry body cloth open-width joint is directly gone up machine and done gently alkali mercerized, first adds Fe by 100g/L in mercerising process 3+chelated dispersants improves water quality, NaOH concentration 220-270g/L, 0.2% silkete penetrating agent, by 25m/min normal temperature mercerising, adds 90g/L glacial acetic acid carry out acid-base neutralization, PH Zhi≤7 after alkali lye rolls and washes when open washing, and plays tint retention;
6) secondary sizing: secondary sizing adds the fluffy softener of 45 ~ 65g/L, ice-cold finishing agent 45 ~ 65g/L, smooth silicone oil 110 ~ 160g/L, temperature 140 ~ 170 DEG C, overfeeding 25m/min;
7) rubber blanket preshrunk: rubber blanket temperature should control at 45 ~ 70 DEG C, and the speed of a motor vehicle is at 30 ~ 35m/min;
8) decatizing and preshrinking process: continuous pressure decator is entered to fabric after mercerising and sizing and carries out decatizing, more than steam pressure 6Pa, 20m/min, expects by steam-shrinkage machine and woollen blanket preshrinking machine to horizontal, longitudinal washing shrinkage of fabric after decatizing, patterns of fabric, effective gate width do processing adjustment;
9) steam-shrinkage: mechanical speed, 15-30m/min, saturated vapor 3-3.5Bar, compressed air 5Bar, to horizontal, longitudinal washing shrinkage of fabric, patterns of fabric, effective gate width do processing adjustment.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the large FIGURED CLOTH of one side adopting above-mentioned method to prepare.
The present invention is owing to have employed above-mentioned technical scheme, the large FIGURED CLOTH of one side that legal system is standby, possesses the characteristic of Lyocell fibers, polyamide fibre, cotton and spun silk simultaneously, have moisture absorption by force, higher swellability, gas permeability, warmth retention property, gloss profit is beautiful, feel is soft, durability, alkaline-resisting and not acidproof, have HEAT SETTING characteristic, the flexural deformation formed when can maintain heating.
Detailed description of the invention
The preparation method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of the cotton 15% spun silk one side of 35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20%, the method comprises the following steps:
1) raw material prepares: 120N/2 days cotton 20/ thin,tough silk 15 dyed yarns of silk 35/, 20D/2 polyamide fibre 30;
2) weave: install additional at 34 cun of 30G single-side jacquards and specially add shuttle triangle, by 48 tunnels row's pins, design flower pattern, access into yarn way by computerized version figure and color matching accordingly by dyed yarn at computer software inediting, wherein 20D polyamide fibre is done to add shuttle and is used;
3) open-width; Adopt horizontal scutcher, expander linear velocity <60m/min;
4) clear water shaping and drying;
5) mercerization: dry body cloth open-width joint is directly gone up machine and done gently alkali mercerized, first adds Fe by 100g/L in mercerising process 3+chelated dispersants improves water quality, NaOH concentration 250g/L, 0.2% silkete penetrating agent, by 25m/min normal temperature mercerising, adds 90g/L glacial acetic acid carry out acid-base neutralization, PH Zhi≤7 after alkali lye rolls and washes when open washing, and plays tint retention;
6) secondary sizing: secondary sizing adds the fluffy softener of 60g/L, ice-cold finishing agent 60g/L, smooth silicone oil 140g/L, temperature 150 DEG C, overfeeding 25m/min;
7) rubber blanket preshrunk: rubber blanket temperature should control at 60 DEG C, and the speed of a motor vehicle is at 33m/min;
8) decatizing and preshrinking process: continuous pressure decator is entered to fabric after mercerising and sizing and carries out decatizing, more than steam pressure 6Pa, 20m/min, expects by steam-shrinkage machine and woollen blanket preshrinking machine to horizontal, longitudinal washing shrinkage of fabric after decatizing, patterns of fabric, effective gate width do processing adjustment;
9) steam-shrinkage: mechanical speed 25m/min, saturated vapor 3.3Bar, compressed air 5Bar, to horizontal, longitudinal washing shrinkage of fabric, patterns of fabric, effective gate width do processing adjustment.
One side FIGURED CLOTH project after testing prepared by above-mentioned method is as shown in the table.Examination criteria GB/T 22849-2009, GB18401-20 03 " B " class.

Claims (2)

  1. The preparation method of the large FIGURED CLOTH of the cotton 15% spun silk one side of 1.35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20%, is characterized in that the method comprises the following steps:
    1) raw material prepares: 120N/2 days cotton 20/ thin,tough silk 15 dyed yarns of silk 35/, 20D/2 polyamide fibre 30;
    2) weave: install additional at 34 cun of 30G single-side jacquards and specially add shuttle triangle, by 48 tunnels row's pins, design flower pattern, access into yarn way by computerized version figure and color matching accordingly by dyed yarn at computer software inediting, wherein 20D polyamide fibre is done to add shuttle and is used;
    3) open-width: adopt horizontal scutcher, expander linear velocity <60m/min;
    4) clear water shaping and drying;
    5) mercerization: dry body cloth open-width joint is directly gone up machine and done gently alkali mercerized, first adds Fe by 100g/L in mercerising process 3+chelated dispersants improves water quality, NaOH concentration 220-270g/L, 0.2% silkete penetrating agent, by 25m/min normal temperature mercerising, adds 90g/L glacial acetic acid carry out acid-base neutralization, PH Zhi≤7 after alkali lye rolls and washes when open washing, and plays tint retention;
    6) secondary sizing: secondary sizing adds the fluffy softener of 45 ~ 65g/L, ice-cold finishing agent 45 ~ 65g/L, smooth silicone oil 110 ~ 160g/L, temperature 140 ~ 170 DEG C, overfeeding 25m/min;
    7) rubber blanket preshrunk: rubber blanket temperature should control at 45 ~ 70 DEG C, and the speed of a motor vehicle is at 30 ~ 35m/min;
    8) decatizing and preshrinking process: continuous pressure decator is entered to fabric after mercerising and sizing and carries out decatizing, more than steam pressure 6Pa, 20m/min, expects by steam-shrinkage machine and woollen blanket preshrinking machine to horizontal, longitudinal washing shrinkage of fabric after decatizing, patterns of fabric, effective gate width do processing adjustment;
    9) steam-shrinkage: mechanical speed, 15-30m/min, saturated vapor 3-3.5Bar, compressed air 5Bar, to horizontal, longitudinal washing shrinkage of fabric, patterns of fabric, effective gate width do processing adjustment.
  2. 2. the large FIGURED CLOTH of one side prepared of method according to claim 1.
CN201410546689.8A 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 The 35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20% large tmaterial of cotton 15% spun silk one side and preparation method Active CN104328567B (en)

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CN201410546689.8A CN104328567B (en) 2014-10-16 2014-10-16 The 35% Lyocell fibers 30% polyamide fibre 20% large tmaterial of cotton 15% spun silk one side and preparation method

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CN104328567A true CN104328567A (en) 2015-02-04
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106521765A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-22 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Manufacture method of fabrics blended by bamboo pulp fiber and tencel

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06280125A (en) * 1993-03-26 1994-10-04 Toyobo Co Ltd New silklike cotton woven fabric
CN201952573U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-08-31 天津天纺投资控股有限公司 Cotton tencel spun silk blending high-countwcol heavy-twist jacquard fabric
CN102433678A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-05-02 芜湖圣罗纺织实业有限公司 Processing method for mercerized knitted bedding fabric
CN103445360A (en) * 2013-09-16 2013-12-18 吴江市海丰喷织有限公司 Multifunctional fabric
CN103485113A (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-01-01 吴江秦邦纺织有限公司 Multifunctional brushed fabric
CN103668690A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-03-26 苏州曼诚纺织有限公司 Cotton and silk blended fabric

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH06280125A (en) * 1993-03-26 1994-10-04 Toyobo Co Ltd New silklike cotton woven fabric
CN201952573U (en) * 2010-12-07 2011-08-31 天津天纺投资控股有限公司 Cotton tencel spun silk blending high-countwcol heavy-twist jacquard fabric
CN102433678A (en) * 2011-10-19 2012-05-02 芜湖圣罗纺织实业有限公司 Processing method for mercerized knitted bedding fabric
CN103485113A (en) * 2013-09-05 2014-01-01 吴江秦邦纺织有限公司 Multifunctional brushed fabric
CN103445360A (en) * 2013-09-16 2013-12-18 吴江市海丰喷织有限公司 Multifunctional fabric
CN103668690A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-03-26 苏州曼诚纺织有限公司 Cotton and silk blended fabric

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薛迪庚等: "《印染技术500问》", 31 March 2006, article ""印染技术500问"", pages: 137-139 *
阎克路: "《染整工艺学教程 第一分册》", 30 September 2005, article ""染整工艺学教程"", pages: 320 *
陆锦昌等: "《丝绸染整手册(第二版)》", 31 December 1995, article ""丝绸染整手册"", pages: 816-817 *
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106521765A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-22 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 Manufacture method of fabrics blended by bamboo pulp fiber and tencel

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PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right

Denomination of invention: 35% Lyocell fiber 30% nylon 20% cotton 15% Silk single side jacquard fabric and its preparation method

Effective date of registration: 20201231

Granted publication date: 20160511

Pledgee: Bank of Hangzhou Limited by Share Ltd. Tongxiang branch

Pledgor: JIAXING KINGKAIYUE KNITTING Co.,Ltd.

Registration number: Y2020330001367

PE01 Entry into force of the registration of the contract for pledge of patent right