CN107447355A - A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric - Google Patents

A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107447355A
CN107447355A CN201710840306.1A CN201710840306A CN107447355A CN 107447355 A CN107447355 A CN 107447355A CN 201710840306 A CN201710840306 A CN 201710840306A CN 107447355 A CN107447355 A CN 107447355A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
fabric
super
production technology
dyeing
silk
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710840306.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
熊友根
沈建峰
黄凯
陈兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
HAIAN QIHONG TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
MF CO Ltd
Original Assignee
HAIAN QIHONG TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by HAIAN QIHONG TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical HAIAN QIHONG TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710840306.1A priority Critical patent/CN107447355A/en
Publication of CN107447355A publication Critical patent/CN107447355A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B21/00Warp knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B21/02Pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features
    • D04B21/04Pile fabrics or articles having similar surface features characterised by thread material
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06BTREATING TEXTILE MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS, GASES OR VAPOURS
    • D06B3/00Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating
    • D06B3/10Passing of textile materials through liquids, gases or vapours to effect treatment, e.g. washing, dyeing, bleaching, sizing, impregnating of fabrics
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]

Abstract

A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric, it is related to the production technical field of super soft short-floss fabric.The present invention include weaving, pre-setting, plucking, dyeing, soft finish, scald cut, finished product is shaped, feature of the present invention is:Weaved using tricot machine, midsole silk uses polyester filament, and face silk uses super cotton-simulated terylene long filament.Produced by present invention process, demand of its dyeing and finishing link to energy consumption can be reduced, so as to develop a energy saving and environment friendly super soft short-floss fabric.The fabric of production has an energy-conserving and environment-protective, and production efficiency is high, and the cycle is short, the soft characteristic such as smooth.

Description

A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production technical field of super soft short-floss fabric.
Background technology
Super soft undercoat suede is a kind of knitting warp suede class fabric of new research and development, and super soft undercoat suede is one kind of undercoat suede (The last word), undercoat suede series of products, extensively using with the various fields such as dress ornament, case and bag, shoes and hats, toy.With compared with low price, Higher quality, foreign trade, domestic factory are practiced in, obtains good achievement of sale.
But the super soft short-floss fabric dyeing and finishing technology of in general is complicated, high energy consumption, production process is grown, and efficiency is low.Typically Process is:High-temperature shaping, plucking, pre-setting, dyeing, dehydration, upper soft, dehydration, drying, finished product are shaped, scald and cut, wherein, mainly Energy consumption is concentrated in high-temperature shaping, pre-setting, dyes several links.Because terylene softening point is 230~240 DEG C, fusing point 258 ~263 DEG C, terylene is after softening cools down, and face silk becomes fragile, and is easy to fluff, therefore high-temperature shaping needs persistently to provide 230 DEG C of height Temperature, i.e. boiler need the oil outlet temperature of 245~255 DEG C of offer, and to ensure the stabilization of setting temperature, the energy consumption of this link is high, accounts for The larger proportion of dye-works's energy.Pre-setting can eliminate fabric caused wrinkle during weaving etc., make cloth cover smooth, and control Fabric width, ensure that fluffing is uniform, in preventing that follow-up rope form from processing, produce crimping or longitudinal folding line, wrinkle.What relaxation was shunk knits After xeothermic pre-setting, its style is affected thing.Wrinkle are eliminated, improve the uniformity of molecular structure arrangement, it is necessary to right Fabric applies tension force, and the increase of tension force can reduce buoyancy effect, and the performances such as pliability, resilience and richness are produced not Good influence, therefore pre-setting link generally requires 210 DEG C of high temperature, this link is also needed compared with high-energy source.High-temperature and high pressure dyeing process Dyeing temperature is typically at 130 DEG C or so, and now the dye uptake of disperse dyes is higher, general dye-uptake more than 90%, upper dye speed Rate is suitable, from dyeing quality and dyeing cost for be proper.But dyeing temperature is too low or appropriate reduction, on dyestuff Dye rate is relatively low, causes the waste of dyestuff and the increase of cost for wastewater treatment;And dyeing temperature is too high, the dye-uptake of dyestuff is also no longer Increase, energy consumption increase, higher now is required to the resistance to pressure of equipment.
To sum up analyze, existing super soft short-floss fabric dyeing and finishing technology cost is high, is unfavorable for producing in batches, also increases production The processing cost of product.
Super cotton-simulated terylene long filament is the chemical modification terylene of Xing Xin a kind of.Terylene is short by introducing low molecule chain, and increase is poly- Intermolecular sliding is closed, the effect for the yarn being spun into is similar with cotton.And easily mouldy without cotton fiber, wrinkle recovery difference lacks Fall into.
The production technology of super cotton-simulated terylene long filament uses CN201310006649.X《Normal-pressure easy-to-dye Regenerated terylene filament and Its preparation method》The method of disclosed modification.Product is modified using waste and old polyester, improves the stainability of terylene, and it is former Reason is that yarn molecule hole increases, and dyestuff is easily accessible fibrous inside.Simultaneously because intermolecular hole increases, the moisture absorption of yarn Property enhancing, be significantly better than conventional polyester.But modified intermolecular hole increases the continuity capability decrease for also causing fiber, makes Filoplume is broken to form into easily cause few fibers in yarn in dyeing process.Slight filoplume and preferable hygroscopicity make Obtain this product and be provided with the feature similar with cotton.And moisture pick-up properties can lift the antistatic behaviour of product to a certain extent Energy.
But people are insufficient to the understanding of super cotton-simulated terylene long filament at present, therefore the application to it is nor too many.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of technique for producing super soft short-floss fabric using super cotton-simulated terylene long filament.
The present invention include weaving, pre-setting, plucking, dyeing, soft finish, scald cut, finished product shape, be characterized in:Using Tricot machine is weaved, and midsole silk uses polyester filament, and face silk uses super cotton-simulated terylene long filament.
Produced by present invention process, demand of its dyeing and finishing link to energy consumption can be reduced, so as to develop a section Can the super soft short-floss fabric of environment-friendly type.The fabric of production has energy-conserving and environment-protective, and production efficiency is high, and the cycle is short, soft smooth Etc. characteristic.
Further, super cotton-simulated terylene long filament accounts for weaving yarn gross mass in super soft short-floss fabric of the present invention 55%~70%.The short flannel part of short flannel fabric uses super imitative cotton, and bottom uses conventional polyester long filament.The fine hair of the present invention is high Degree is between 0.5~1mm.Ratio is 55%~70%.If ratio is less than 55%, the height very little of fine hair, production is caused to be difficult to It is real.Or the thread segment of fine hair part contains super imitative cotton, the part dye level containing super imitative cotton can be higher, Form vitta or or flower pattern.
Presetting technology temperature of the present invention is 180~200 DEG C, 60~100s of soaking time.Conventional polyester weaves Flannelette pre-setting temperature be more than 220 DEG C, soaking time 60s~100s.Using after this technique, pre-setting temperature has to Less than 200 DEG C are reduced to, as temperature is too high, fabric can be tendering, and as temperature is too low, it is not easy raising again.
Disperse dyes are used during the dyeing, the temperature of dye solution is 90 DEG C~100 DEG C, time 30min.Conventional dye Color temperature needs more than 130 DEG C, and the present invention uses relatively low temperature, can save the energy, and can reaches the effect of dyeing.
In the dye solution, dye dosage is the 0.1%~1.5% of cloth weight.People can be according to the depth design requirement of fabric Selected:Dye dosage is the 0.1% of cloth weight when contaminating light fabric, in dye during color fabric dye dosage control 0.1~ 0.3%, it is 0.3~1.5% that dyestuff, which is used, when contaminating dark fabric.Dye dosage of the present invention is common super soft fabric dosage under same color Half, greatly reduce cost for wastewater treatment, Color reached with this, and can saves dyestuff, while be additionally favorable for environmental protection, Water saving.
The finished product setting temperature is 100 DEG C~150 DEG C, 40~60s of soaking time.In general setting process temperature exists More than 230 DEG C, the process of the invention saves the energy than in general technique, and can reach fixed effect.
Embodiment
1st, weave:
Using KARL MALIMO tricot machine, face silk is done from super cotton-simulated terylene long filament 75D144F, ordinary polyester 50D24F is done Midsole silk, face silk proportion are 60%, are weaved, and obtain fabric.
Fabric lateral density is 14.5wpc, density 25cpc.
2nd, pre-setting:
Fabric is shaped 60 s on 200 DEG C of forming machines.
3rd, plucking:
Using draw point raising machine, fabric underlap is broken to form lint.
4th, dye:
The good fabric of pre-treatment is subjected to HTHP overflow dyeing, dye temperature control is at 100 DEG C, dyeing time 30min.
Dyestuff is conventional disperse dyestuff, and dye dosage is the 0.1% of cloth weight when contaminating light fabric, dyestuff during color fabric in dye 0.1~0.3%, when contaminating dark fabric, dyestuff is used is 0.3~1.5% for dosage control.
5th, soft finish:
Product after dyeing is subjected to upper soft processing, softer consistency 15g/L.
6th, scald and cut
Web surface fine hair different in size is blown afloat using hot blast, and trimmed smooth
7th, finished product is shaped
Under the conditions of 150 DEG C, stable dimensions, time 50s.
8th, product and every testing result with the contrast of dacron product:
Dacron product Super imitative cotton product
Regain 0.4% 2%
Dyeing temperature 130℃*30min 100℃*30min
Wetting time 2 seconds 0 second
As seen from the above table:Present invention process is obviously improved compared with the hydroscopicity of dacron product, and its temperature dyed, which is significantly less than, washs Synthetic fibre product, wetting time keep longer, it is seen that flexibility and flatness of its feel etc. are better than dacron product, antistatic performance It is better than dacron product.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric, including weaving, pre-setting, plucking, dyeing, soft finish, scald cut, into Product are shaped, it is characterised in that:Weaved using tricot machine, midsole silk uses polyester filament, and face silk is grown using super cotton-simulated terylene Silk.
2. production technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that super cotton-simulated terylene length in the super soft short-floss fabric Silk accounts for the 55%~70% of weaving yarn gross mass.
3. production technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the presetting technology temperature is 180~200 DEG C, 60~100s of soaking time.
4. production technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that disperse dyes are used during the dyeing, dye solution Temperature is 90 DEG C~100 DEG C, time 30min.
5. production technology according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in the dye solution, dye dosage is cloth weight 0.1%~1.5%.
6. according to the production technology described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that the finished product setting temperature is 100 DEG C~150 DEG C, 40~60s of soaking time.
CN201710840306.1A 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric Pending CN107447355A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710840306.1A CN107447355A (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710840306.1A CN107447355A (en) 2017-09-18 2017-09-18 A kind of production technology of super soft short-floss fabric

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107447355A true CN107447355A (en) 2017-12-08

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108625031A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-10-09 泉州海天材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of double side weft knitting checkered fabric and its production method with unidirectional moisture conducting function
CN112962211A (en) * 2021-02-16 2021-06-15 徐阳 Preparation method of fullerene short floss

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103859664A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-18 浙江青松轻纺有限公司 Processing technology for super-imitated-cotton/fine-denier damp conduction polyester comfortable mercerized velvet warp knitting fabric
CN204265955U (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-15 浙江青松轻纺有限公司 A kind of mercerising suede warp-knitted face fabric

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103859664A (en) * 2014-03-31 2014-06-18 浙江青松轻纺有限公司 Processing technology for super-imitated-cotton/fine-denier damp conduction polyester comfortable mercerized velvet warp knitting fabric
CN204265955U (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-15 浙江青松轻纺有限公司 A kind of mercerising suede warp-knitted face fabric

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
周建迪等: "国内超仿棉纤维开发及应用情况探析", 《浙江纺织服装职业技术学院学报》 *
杨本庆等: "浅谈经编涤纶超柔短毛绒生产工艺", 《聚酯工业》 *

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108625031A (en) * 2018-07-13 2018-10-09 泉州海天材料科技股份有限公司 A kind of double side weft knitting checkered fabric and its production method with unidirectional moisture conducting function
CN112962211A (en) * 2021-02-16 2021-06-15 徐阳 Preparation method of fullerene short floss

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Application publication date: 20171208

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