CN104108988A - Pleurotus eryngii medium with sorghum straw as raw material and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pleurotus eryngii medium with sorghum straw as raw material and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104108988A
CN104108988A CN201410278308.2A CN201410278308A CN104108988A CN 104108988 A CN104108988 A CN 104108988A CN 201410278308 A CN201410278308 A CN 201410278308A CN 104108988 A CN104108988 A CN 104108988A
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raw material
pleurotus eryngii
medium
water
straw
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CN201410278308.2A
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CN104108988B (en
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黄家七
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Ningyuan County Xingyu Agriculture Development Co. Ltd.
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DONGZHI LINYE ECOLOGICAL PLANT CENTER
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Abstract

The invention relates to a Pleurotus eryngii medium with sorghum straw as the raw material and a preparation method thereof. The Pleurotus eryngii medium is characterized by being prepared from the following raw materials by weight part: 30-35 of sorghum straw, 15-20 of banana skin, 60-70 of cottonseed shell, 20-22 of straw powder, 18-20 of cassava residue, vinegar 15-17 of vinegar residue, 14-15 of dry cow dung, 8-9 of sesame powder, 2-3 of glucose, 1-1.5 of citric acid, 0.4-0.5 of copper sulfate, 3-4 of Rosa laevigata, 2-3 of shepherd's purse flower, 4-5 of albizzia bark, 2-3 of sea buckthorn fruit, 1-2 of Leea compactiflora Kurz, 0.1-0.2 of an EM-bacterial liquid, 22-24 of diatomite, 20-22 of sweet potato paste, 12-14 of soybean milk, and 10-11 of a nutritional additive. The medium provided by the invention adopts a variety of agricultural waste as the main raw material, realizes full utilization of natural resources, and reduces the production cost. Also, the added diatomite improves water retention of the medium invention, and is conducive to growth of Pleurotus eryngii. In addition, the medium provided by the invention also contains Chinese herbal ingredients, so that the cultivated Pleurotus eryngii can have health care efficacy.

Description

A kind of broomcorn straw is Pleurotus eryngii substratum of raw material and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relating to a kind of broomcorn straw is Pleurotus eryngii substratum of raw material and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Pleurotus eryngii is a kind of saprophytic microorganism, can only from planting material, absorb by mycelia nutritive substance, and its growth and the required nutrition of fruit body development comprise nitrogen nutrition, carbohydrate nutrition, mineral nutrition and a small amount of vitamins nutrition.Therefore, substratum has a great impact Pleurotus eryngii output and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of broomcorn straw is Pleurotus eryngii substratum of raw material and preparation method thereof, the high feature of Pleurotus eryngii quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
Broomcorn straw is a Pleurotus eryngii substratum for raw material, it is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part: broomcorn straw 30-35, Pericarpium Musae 15-20, cotton seed hulls 60-70, rice straw powder 20-22, manioc waste 18-20, vinegar grain 15-17, dry cow dung 14-15, black sesame powder 8-9, glucose 2-3, citric acid 1-1.5, copper sulfate 0.4-0.5, Fruit of Cherokee Rose 3-4, Flower of Shepherdspurse 2-3, Silktree Albizzia Bark 4-5, Fructus Hippophae 2-3, horse joint 1-2, EM-bacterium liquid 0.1-0.2, diatomite 22-24, Ipomoea batatas mud 20-22, soya-bean milk 12-14, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: penicillin mushroom dregs 10-12, rye flour 19-20, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.1-0.2, iron ore tailings 4-5;
Preparation method is: the water that penicillin mushroom dregs is added to 1.5 times stirs, and adds appropriate penicillinase at 37 DEG C, and after innoxious reaction, with leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
Described broomcorn straw is the preparation method of the Pleurotus eryngii substratum of raw material, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) will do cow dung and add water-wet to the moisture 45-50% of reaching, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 20-24 days;
(2) glucose, citric acid, copper sulfate are added to 12-14 water doubly and be stirred to dissolving completely;
(3) pulverize after broomcorn straw, Pericarpium Musae are exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, with cotton seed hulls, rice straw powder, manioc waste, vinegar grain, black sesame powder and step (1), (2) gained mixing of materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 67-68%;
(4) Fruit of Cherokee Rose, Flower of Shepherdspurse, Silktree Albizzia Bark, Fructus Hippophae, horse joint are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner, little fire is endured cream, and the raw material of then not using with above-mentioned technique mixes to be mixed thoroughly;
(5) in polyethylene plastic bag, put into pipe, the space between pipe and polyethylene plastic bag is filled up with step (3) gained material, then in pipe, pack step (4) gained material into, again pipe is extracted out, tying, adopts the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
Horse joint in the present invention is the piece root of the close petard cylinder tree of vitaceae.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum of the present invention has adopted various agricultural waste as main raw material, realize making full use of natural resources, reduce production cost, and the diatomite that the present invention adds has promoted water-retentivity of the present invention, be conducive to the growth of Pleurotus eryngii, in addition, the present invention also contains multiple medicinal herb components, and the Pleurotus eryngii cultivating has health-care effect.
Embodiment
Broomcorn straw is a Pleurotus eryngii substratum for raw material, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: broomcorn straw 35, Pericarpium Musae 20, cotton seed hulls 70, rice straw powder 22, manioc waste 20, vinegar grain 17, dry cow dung 15, black sesame powder 9, glucose 3, citric acid 1.5, copper sulfate 0.5, Fruit of Cherokee Rose 4, Flower of Shepherdspurse 2, Silktree Albizzia Bark 5, Fructus Hippophae 3, horse joint 2, EM-bacterium liquid 0.2, diatomite 24, Ipomoea batatas mud 22, soya-bean milk 14, nutritional additive 11;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: penicillin mushroom dregs 12, rye flour 20, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.2, iron ore tailings 5;
Preparation method is: the water that penicillin mushroom dregs is added to 1.5 times stirs, and adds appropriate penicillinase at 37 DEG C, and after innoxious reaction, with leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
Described broomcorn straw is the preparation method of the Pleurotus eryngii substratum of raw material, comprises the following steps:
(1) will do cow dung and add water-wet to the moisture 45-50% of reaching, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 20-24 days;
(2) glucose, citric acid, copper sulfate are added to 12-14 water doubly and be stirred to dissolving completely;
(3) pulverize after broomcorn straw, Pericarpium Musae are exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, with cotton seed hulls, rice straw powder, manioc waste, vinegar grain, black sesame powder and step (1), (2) gained mixing of materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 67-68%;
(4) Fruit of Cherokee Rose, Flower of Shepherdspurse, Silktree Albizzia Bark, Fructus Hippophae, horse joint are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner, little fire is endured cream, and the raw material of then not using with above-mentioned technique mixes to be mixed thoroughly;
(5) in polyethylene plastic bag, put into pipe, the space between pipe and polyethylene plastic bag is filled up with step (3) gained material, then in pipe, pack step (4) gained material into, again pipe is extracted out, tying, adopts the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
See the following form with Pleurotus eryngii substratum of the present invention and existing Pleurotus eryngii substratum Xinbao mushroom culturing comparative result.
Item compared Every kg substratum fruiting amount (kg) Pleurotus eryngii profile Regenerative power power Turn a batch speed
Pleurotus eryngii substratum of the present invention 0.79 Mushroom body is large, mushroom meat plumpness By force Hurry up
Existing Pleurotus eryngii substratum 0.5 Mushroom body is little, and mushroom meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: Pleurotus eryngii substratum provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, per kilogram Pleurotus eryngii substratum results Pleurotus eryngii amount, increase production more than 50% than existing substratum, and the mushroom body of Pleurotus eryngii is large, mushroom meat plumpness, quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. the Pleurotus eryngii substratum that broomcorn straw is raw material, is characterized in that being made up of the raw material of following weight part:
Broomcorn straw 30-35, Pericarpium Musae 15-20, cotton seed hulls 60-70, rice straw powder 20-22, manioc waste 18-20, vinegar grain 15-17, dry cow dung 14-15, black sesame powder 8-9, glucose 2-3, citric acid 1-1.5, copper sulfate 0.4-0.5, Fruit of Cherokee Rose 3-4, Flower of Shepherdspurse 2-3, Silktree Albizzia Bark 4-5, Fructus Hippophae 2-3, horse joint 1-2, EM-bacterium liquid 0.1-0.2, diatomite 22-24, Ipomoea batatas mud 20-22, soya-bean milk 12-14, nutritional additive 10-11;
Described nutritional additive is made up of the raw material of following weight part: penicillin mushroom dregs 10-12, rye flour 19-20, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.1-0.2, iron ore tailings 4-5;
Preparation method is: the water that penicillin mushroom dregs is added to 1.5 times stirs, and adds appropriate penicillinase at 37 DEG C, and after innoxious reaction, with leftover materials mixing and stirring, granulation, oven dry, to obtain final product.
2. the preparation method of the Pleurotus eryngii substratum that broomcorn straw according to claim 1 is raw material, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) will do cow dung and add water-wet to the moisture 45-50% of reaching, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 20-24 days;
(2) glucose, citric acid, copper sulfate are added to 12-14 water doubly and be stirred to dissolving completely;
(3) pulverize after broomcorn straw, Pericarpium Musae are exposed to the sun 20-22 hour, with cotton seed hulls, rice straw powder, manioc waste, vinegar grain, black sesame powder and step (1), (2) gained mixing of materials, adding water is stirred to water content and reaches 67-68%;
(4) Fruit of Cherokee Rose, Flower of Shepherdspurse, Silktree Albizzia Bark, Fructus Hippophae, horse joint are added to 5-6 water slow fire boiling 40-50 minute doubly, filter cleaner, little fire is endured cream, and the raw material of then not using with above-mentioned technique mixes to be mixed thoroughly;
(5) in polyethylene plastic bag, put into pipe, the space between pipe and polyethylene plastic bag is filled up with step (3) gained material, then in pipe, pack step (4) gained material into, again pipe is extracted out, tying, adopts the steam normal-pressure sterilization of 100 DEG C, to obtain final product.
CN201410278308.2A 2014-06-20 2014-06-20 A kind of broomcorn straw is pleurotus eryngii culture medium of raw material and preparation method thereof Active CN104108988B (en)

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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN104649827A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-27 北京市正兴隆生物科技有限公司 Mushroom producing culture medium for bottle cultivated pleurotus eryngii
CN104945123A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN104987178A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 王金生 Making method of pleurotus eryngii cultivating medium
CN106613332A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 凤台县兰韵食用菌专业合作社 Straw mushroom cultivating method with high conversion rate
CN107619317A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-23 海门市利欣农产品有限公司 A kind of pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN107805097A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 四川明峰农业开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of culture medium of edible fungus
CN109355207A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-02-19 山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 A kind of anthrax-bacilus production spore liquid fermentation medium
CN110419388A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-08 十堰市农业科学院 A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method based on sweet Chinese sorghum pole

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JP4284453B2 (en) * 2006-05-02 2009-06-24 独立行政法人国立高等専門学校機構 Medium for cultivation of oyster mushrooms containing bamboo
CN103396226A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-20 江苏惠发农业科技发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN103408361A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 江苏惠发农业科技发展有限公司 Culture medium for nutrition-rich pleurotus eryngii
CN103408362A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-11-27 江苏惠发农业科技发展有限公司 Culture medium for low-cost pleurotus eryngii
CN103449908A (en) * 2013-08-15 2013-12-18 安徽中祝农业发展有限公司 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN103787717B (en) * 2013-11-15 2016-05-11 阜南县健生源食用菌开发有限公司 A kind of cornstalk is planting almond abalone mushroom material of raw material and preparation method thereof

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104649827A (en) * 2015-02-11 2015-05-27 北京市正兴隆生物科技有限公司 Mushroom producing culture medium for bottle cultivated pleurotus eryngii
CN104945123A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Pleurotus eryngii culture medium
CN104987178A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-10-21 王金生 Making method of pleurotus eryngii cultivating medium
CN106613332A (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-05-10 凤台县兰韵食用菌专业合作社 Straw mushroom cultivating method with high conversion rate
CN107619317A (en) * 2017-09-15 2018-01-23 海门市利欣农产品有限公司 A kind of pleurotus eryngii culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN107805097A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-03-16 四川明峰农业开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of culture medium of edible fungus
CN109355207A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-02-19 山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 A kind of anthrax-bacilus production spore liquid fermentation medium
CN109355207B (en) * 2018-12-07 2021-10-08 山东省农业科学院植物保护研究所 Liquid fermentation culture medium for producing spores from anthrax
CN110419388A (en) * 2019-08-02 2019-11-08 十堰市农业科学院 A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method based on sweet Chinese sorghum pole

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Effective date of registration: 20191218

Address after: 412104 Ma Chitang Village, Shunling Street, Ningyuan County, Yongzhou City, Hunan Province

Patentee after: Ningyuan County Xingyu Agriculture Development Co. Ltd.

Address before: 247200, Anhui Province, Chizhou Province East County town of incense corner Village

Patentee before: Dongzhi Linye Ecological Plant Center