CN103467177A - Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation medium and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation medium and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103467177A
CN103467177A CN2013103554461A CN201310355446A CN103467177A CN 103467177 A CN103467177 A CN 103467177A CN 2013103554461 A CN2013103554461 A CN 2013103554461A CN 201310355446 A CN201310355446 A CN 201310355446A CN 103467177 A CN103467177 A CN 103467177A
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China
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parts
mushroom
pleurotus ostreatus
powder
expired
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CN2013103554461A
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Chinese (zh)
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鲁中祝
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ANHUI ZHONGZHU AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
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ANHUI ZHONGZHU AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT CO LTD
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Priority to CN2013103554461A priority Critical patent/CN103467177A/en
Publication of CN103467177A publication Critical patent/CN103467177A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation medium. The Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation medium is prepared through using the following raw materials, by weight, 40-50 parts of wheat straw, 20-30 parts of oat straw, 4-6 parts pear leaf powder, 5-6 parts of vinegar residue, 10-15 parts of expired bread, 8-10 parts of expired biscuit, 8-10 parts of bean dregs, 5-6 parts of cattle bone meal, 2-3 parts of quicklime, 0.3-0.4 parts of calcium carbonate, 1-2 parts of quicklime, 0.5-1.0 part of calcium superphosphate and 5-10 parts of a sustained-release nutritional particle. The Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation medium have the advantages of wide sources of the raw materials, increase of the healthcare efficacies of liver nourishing and eyesight improving of Pleurotus ostreatus cultivated through the medium, and low raw material cost.

Description

A kind of mushroom cultivation base and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to oyster mushroom culture technique, be specifically related to a kind of mushroom cultivation base and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
The nutrition of flat mushroom is accepted already, become the daily dish on the dining table of every household, market demand is increasing, therefore, cultivated area is increasing, conventional plantation raw material resources are fewer and feweri, find the existing raw material resources that new starting material replace or supplement, and become extremely urgent thing, the demand of various function flat mushrooms is also increasing simultaneously, in the cultivation technique of existing flat mushroom, the addition of function nutrition additive is large, and low by mushroom body specific absorption, causes cost high.
Summary of the invention
For solving problems of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of mushroom cultivation base and preparation method thereof.Mushroom cultivation base of the present invention, starting material sources is wide, and the flat mushroom cultivated has increased simultaneously and has had the health-care effect of nourishing the liver to improve visual acuity.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows for achieving the above object:
A kind of mushroom cultivation base, it is characterized in that, feed composition by following weight parts forms: wheat stalk 40-50, oat straw 20-30, leaf of pear tree powder 4-6, vinegar grain 5-6, expired bread 10-15, expired biscuit 8-10, bean dregs 8-10, bovine bone powder 5-6, unslaked lime 2-3, calcium carbonate 0.3-0.4, unslaked lime 1-2, calcium superphosphate 0.5-1.0, slow-release nutrient particle 5-10
Described slow-release nutrient particle is obtained by the feed composition granulation of following weight part:
Glucose 0.5-1, sal epsom 0.5-1, ammonium molybdate 0.1-0.3, attapulgite 12-15, chrysanthemum 3-5, Cortex Fraxini mandshuricae 1-3, Herba Ranunculi Cantoniensis 3-5, Testa Phaseoli radiati 4-5, Testa sojae atricolor 4-5, gynostemma pentaphylla 3-6, Tuber Fleeceflower Root 2-4, wolfberry fruit 1-3, Semen Cassiae 3-4,
By chrysanthemum, Cortex Fraxini mandshuricae, Herba Ranunculi Cantoniensis, Testa Phaseoli radiati, Testa sojae atricolor, gynostemma pentaphylla boiling 40-60 minute, filter and obtain decoction liquor; By herbal medicine abrasive dusts such as Tuber Fleeceflower Root, wolfberry fruit, Semen Cassiaes, obtain herbal powder, then glucose, sal epsom, ammonium molybdate are dissolved in decoction liquor, mix with herbal powder and rest materials again, after fully stirring, then add appropriate flour, granulation, drying sprays olium anisi outside dry granules, can obtain the slow-release nutrient particle.
The preparation method of described mushroom cultivation base, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1), in formula material, add appropriate water, then all raw materials are mixed, adjust water content between 62-70%;
(2), raw material is mixed rear heap fermentation thoroughly, make the trapezoidal heap that high 1.1-1.2 rice, bottom width 1.4-1.5 rice, length are not limit, beat some ventilating pits with the shovel handle thereon, fermentation 10-12 days, get final product, add again appropriate water after fermentation ends, mix thoroughly, regulate water content between 65-73%, then pack into the edible mushroom bag of 17 * 45 * 0.04 centimetre, every bag of folding dress siccative 400-600 gram, degree of tightness is wanted appropriateness, with cord, tightens the two ends sack;
(3), normal-pressure sterilization reach 100 ℃ the insulation 8-10 hour, stop the heating, allow it naturally cool to below 28 ℃, can obtain cultivating base after taking-up.
Cultivation matrix cultivating white mushroom of the present invention, with traditional cultivation matrix cotton seed hulls, wood chip, corn cob, compare, can economize in raw materials, reduce costs, add the slow-release nutrient particle in planting material, the flat mushroom biological transformation ratio of gained is high, nutrition is abundanter, improved the health-care effect that nourishes the liver to improve visual acuity simultaneously, and fast growth, output is high.The fruiting of per kilogram cultivation base improves 10-13% than conventional cultivation material, and biological transformation ratio reaches 100-120%.
Embodiment
embodiment 1
A kind of mushroom cultivation base is comprised of the feed composition of following weight (kg):
Wheat stalk 45, oat straw 25, leaf of pear tree powder 5, vinegar grain 6, expired bread 14, expired biscuit 9, bean dregs 9, bovine bone powder 6, unslaked lime 3, calcium carbonate 0.3, unslaked lime 1, calcium superphosphate 0.6, slow-release nutrient particle 8,
The slow-release nutrient particle is obtained by the feed composition granulation of following weight (kg):
Glucose 0.8, sal epsom 0.6, ammonium molybdate 0.1, attapulgite 14, chrysanthemum 4, Cortex Fraxini mandshuricae 2, Herba Ranunculi Cantoniensis 4, Testa Phaseoli radiati 4, Testa sojae atricolor 5, gynostemma pentaphylla 5, Tuber Fleeceflower Root 3, wolfberry fruit 2, Semen Cassiae 3,
By chrysanthemum, Cortex Fraxini mandshuricae, Herba Ranunculi Cantoniensis, Testa Phaseoli radiati, Testa sojae atricolor, gynostemma pentaphylla boiling 50 minutes, filter and obtain decoction liquor; By herbal medicine abrasive dusts such as Tuber Fleeceflower Root, wolfberry fruit, Semen Cassiaes, obtain herbal powder, then glucose, sal epsom, ammonium molybdate are dissolved in decoction liquor, mix with herbal powder and rest materials again, after fully stirring, then add appropriate flour, granulation, drying sprays olium anisi outside dry granules, can obtain the slow-release nutrient particle.
The preparation method of mushroom cultivation base comprises the following steps:
(1), in formula material, add appropriate water, then all raw materials are mixed, adjust water content between 68%;
(2), raw material is mixed rear heap fermentation thoroughly, make the trapezoidal heap that high 1.2 meters, 1.4 meters of bottom width, length are not limit, beat some ventilating pits with the shovel handle thereon, ferment 10 days, get final product, add again appropriate water after fermentation ends, mix thoroughly, regulate water content between 65-73%, then pack into the edible mushroom bag of 17 * 45 * 0.04 centimetre, every bag of folding dress siccative 400 grams, degree of tightness is wanted appropriateness, with cord, tightens the two ends sack;
(3), normal-pressure sterilization reach 100 ℃ the insulation 10 hours, stop the heating, allow it naturally cool to below 28 ℃, can obtain cultivating base after taking-up
embodiment 2
The composition of this example is substantially the same with embodiment 1, just when preparation cultivation base, in every 1000kg cultivation base, is added with the powder mix that bighead atractylodes rhizome powder, 0.3kg gynostemma pentaphyllum powder, the 0.3kg carrot meal equal proportion of 0.3kg are mixed.
experimental data
With mushroom cultivation base of the present invention and conventional mushroom cultivation base cultivating white mushroom comparative result, see the following form
Item compared Every kg cultivation base fruiting amount (kg) The flat mushroom profile The regenerative power power Turn a batch speed
Mushroom cultivation base of the present invention ? 0.88 The mushroom handle is long, and the mushroom body is large, and meat is thick By force Hurry up
Conventional mushroom cultivation base 0.42 The mushroom handle is short, and the mushroom body is little, and meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: mushroom cultivation base provided by the invention, through the overtesting plantation, per kilogram mushroom cultivation base results flat mushroom amount, than one times of conventional cultivation base volume increase, and the mushroom handle of flat mushroom is long, length is neat, and the mushroom meat quality is high, regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. a mushroom cultivation base, it is characterized in that, feed composition by following weight parts forms: wheat stalk 40-50, oat straw 20-30, leaf of pear tree powder 4-6, vinegar grain 5-6, expired bread 10-15, expired biscuit 8-10, bean dregs 8-10, bovine bone powder 5-6, unslaked lime 2-3, calcium carbonate 0.3-0.4, unslaked lime 1-2, calcium superphosphate 0.5-1.0, slow-release nutrient particle 5-10
Described slow-release nutrient particle is obtained by the feed composition granulation of following weight part:
Glucose 0.5-1, sal epsom 0.5-1, ammonium molybdate 0.1-0.3, attapulgite 12-15, chrysanthemum 3-5, Cortex Fraxini mandshuricae 1-3, Herba Ranunculi Cantoniensis 3-5, Testa Phaseoli radiati 4-5, Testa sojae atricolor 4-5, gynostemma pentaphylla 3-6, Tuber Fleeceflower Root 2-4, wolfberry fruit 1-3, Semen Cassiae 3-4,
By chrysanthemum, Cortex Fraxini mandshuricae, Herba Ranunculi Cantoniensis, Testa Phaseoli radiati, Testa sojae atricolor, gynostemma pentaphylla boiling 40-60 minute, filter and obtain decoction liquor; By herbal medicine abrasive dusts such as Tuber Fleeceflower Root, wolfberry fruit, Semen Cassiaes, obtain herbal powder, then glucose, sal epsom, ammonium molybdate are dissolved in decoction liquor, mix with herbal powder and rest materials again, after fully stirring, then add appropriate flour, granulation, drying sprays olium anisi outside dry granules, can obtain the slow-release nutrient particle.
2. the preparation method of mushroom cultivation base according to claim 1, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(1), in formula material, add appropriate water, then all raw materials are mixed, adjust water content between 62-70%;
(2), raw material is mixed rear heap fermentation thoroughly, make the trapezoidal heap that high 1.1-1.2 rice, bottom width 1.4-1.5 rice, length are not limit, beat some ventilating pits with the shovel handle thereon, fermentation 10-12 days, get final product, add again appropriate water after fermentation ends, mix thoroughly, regulate water content between 65-73%, then pack into the edible mushroom bag of 17 * 45 * 0.04 centimetre, every bag of folding dress siccative 400-600 gram, degree of tightness is wanted appropriateness, with cord, tightens the two ends sack;
(3), normal-pressure sterilization reach 100 ℃ the insulation 8-10 hour, stop the heating, allow it naturally cool to below 28 ℃, can obtain cultivating base after taking-up.
CN2013103554461A 2013-08-15 2013-08-15 Pleurotus ostreatus cultivation medium and preparation method thereof Pending CN103467177A (en)

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Cited By (16)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103910582A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-09 山东创新源农业技术开发有限公司 Hard and high-calcium oyster mushroom cultivation base stock and preparation method thereof
CN104109025A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium containing sheep blood and preparation method of oyster mushroom culture medium
CN104109030A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing soybean straw and preparation method thereof
CN104109031A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium prepared from aquilaria sinensis wood dust and preparation method thereof
CN104109024A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing reed straw and preparation method thereof
CN104193480A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium prepared from sorghum straw raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104193479A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing seabuckthorn twigs and preparation method thereof
CN104193463A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Straw mushroom culture medium containing mushroom bran and preparation method thereof
CN104261992A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-07 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Culture medium for cultivating oyster mushrooms by using tea leaves and preparation method thereof
CN104311316A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Pleurotus citrinopileatus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104803771A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-29 许金兰 Slow-release nutrient special for pleurotus ostreatus and preparation method of slow-release nutrient
CN104876765A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-02 丽水学院 Soil microbial community improver and preparation method and application thereof
CN104987153A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-21 广西大学 Oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN105130565A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-09 广西大学 High-quality green pleurotus ostreatusmedium
CN106047717A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 安徽师范大学 Method for preparing raw materials for bean residue food with flavor of oyster mushrooms and edible fungi
CN106688613A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-24 枞阳县新农民农业种植有限公司 Method for preventing diseases and insects of pleurotus ostreatus

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101438666A (en) * 2008-11-07 2009-05-27 张衍栋 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom using corn straw
CN102219574A (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-10-19 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 Earlier-stage treatment method adopting cotton straw to prepare pleurotus edible mushroom cultivation raw material
CN102657026A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-09-12 何寒 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom by using tomato straws as main raw materials

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101438666A (en) * 2008-11-07 2009-05-27 张衍栋 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom using corn straw
CN102219574A (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-10-19 中国农业科学院农业资源与农业区划研究所 Earlier-stage treatment method adopting cotton straw to prepare pleurotus edible mushroom cultivation raw material
CN102657026A (en) * 2012-04-16 2012-09-12 何寒 Method for cultivating oyster mushroom by using tomato straws as main raw materials

Cited By (18)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103910582A (en) * 2014-04-18 2014-07-09 山东创新源农业技术开发有限公司 Hard and high-calcium oyster mushroom cultivation base stock and preparation method thereof
CN104109025A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium containing sheep blood and preparation method of oyster mushroom culture medium
CN104109030A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing soybean straw and preparation method thereof
CN104109031A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium prepared from aquilaria sinensis wood dust and preparation method thereof
CN104109024A (en) * 2014-07-22 2014-10-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing reed straw and preparation method thereof
CN104109024B (en) * 2014-07-22 2016-06-22 肥东县丰宝种养殖有限责任公司 A kind of oyster mushroom culture medium containing reed straw and preparation method thereof
CN104193463B (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-06-08 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 A kind of straw mushroom medium containing mushroom bran and preparation method thereof
CN104193480A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Oyster mushroom culture medium prepared from sorghum straw raw material and preparation method thereof
CN104193479A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Pleurotus ostreatus culture medium containing seabuckthorn twigs and preparation method thereof
CN104193463A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-12-10 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Straw mushroom culture medium containing mushroom bran and preparation method thereof
CN104261992A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-07 安徽天都灵芝制品公司 Culture medium for cultivating oyster mushrooms by using tea leaves and preparation method thereof
CN104311316A (en) * 2014-10-15 2015-01-28 合肥奕涵农牧科技有限公司 Pleurotus citrinopileatus culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN104803771A (en) * 2015-04-20 2015-07-29 许金兰 Slow-release nutrient special for pleurotus ostreatus and preparation method of slow-release nutrient
CN104876765A (en) * 2015-05-13 2015-09-02 丽水学院 Soil microbial community improver and preparation method and application thereof
CN104987153A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-21 广西大学 Oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN105130565A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-12-09 广西大学 High-quality green pleurotus ostreatusmedium
CN106047717A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-10-26 安徽师范大学 Method for preparing raw materials for bean residue food with flavor of oyster mushrooms and edible fungi
CN106688613A (en) * 2016-11-14 2017-05-24 枞阳县新农民农业种植有限公司 Method for preventing diseases and insects of pleurotus ostreatus

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Application publication date: 20131225