CN104193471A - Coprinus comatus culture medium containing traditional Chinese medicine residues and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Coprinus comatus culture medium containing traditional Chinese medicine residues and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104193471A
CN104193471A CN201410354751.3A CN201410354751A CN104193471A CN 104193471 A CN104193471 A CN 104193471A CN 201410354751 A CN201410354751 A CN 201410354751A CN 104193471 A CN104193471 A CN 104193471A
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China
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parts
chinese medicine
coprinus comatus
culture medium
potato starch
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Pending
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CN201410354751.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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丁伦保
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ANHUI DAYS OF GANODERMA LUCIDUM PRODUCTS Co
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ANHUI DAYS OF GANODERMA LUCIDUM PRODUCTS Co
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Priority to CN201410354751.3A priority Critical patent/CN104193471A/en
Publication of CN104193471A publication Critical patent/CN104193471A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a coprinus comatus culture medium containing traditional Chinese medicine residues and a preparation method thereof. The coprinus comatus culture medium containing traditional Chinese medicine residues is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 65-70 parts of straws, 25-30 parts of cottonseed hulls, 20-22 parts of wheat bran, 18-20 parts of rice bran, 15-18 parts of traditional Chinese medicine residues, 10-12 parts of apple pomace, 10-11 parts of peanut coats, 8-10 parts of puer tea, 8-10 parts of corn flour, 16-20 parts of dried pig manure, 4-5 parts of nitrogen fertilizer, 1-2 parts of gypsum powder, 0.6-0.7 part of monopotassium phosphate, 0.4-0.5 part of zinc sulfate, 0.2-0.3 part of chitin, 1-2 parts of longspur epimedium, 2-3 parts of fructus broussonetiae, 1.5-2.5 parts of burdock roots, 2-4 parts of dandelion, 1-2 parts of laurel sweetleaf barks, 30-35 parts of sweet potato starch, 0.5-0.6 part of sodium propionate, 0.15-0.2 part of an EM-bacterial liquid and 10-11 parts of nutrient additives. According to the culture medium provided by the invention, various waste materials are used as main raw materials, so that the environmental pollution is reduced and the production cost is lowered, and meanwhile, the culture medium is comprehensive in nutrition, can be used for effectively shortening the growing period of coprinus comatus and improving the yield and quality of coprinus comatus, and has popularization and applzation value.

Description

A kind of Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag and preparation method thereof
Technical field
Mushroom cultivation technical field of the present invention, relates to a kind of Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms because of its delicious flavour, nutritiously liked by human consumer, it can only absorb nutritive substance from planting material, its required nutrition of growing comprises carbohydrate and nitrogenous compound, and a small amount of inorganic salt and VITAMIN etc.Therefore, planting material has a great impact Coprinus comatus output and quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag and preparation method thereof, the high feature of Coprinus comatus quality that the present invention has is nutritious, cultivate.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is:
A Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag, is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Straw 65-70, cotton seed hulls 25-30, wheat bran 20-22, rice bran 18-20, Chinese medicine slag 15-18, apple residue 10-12, peanut skin 10-11, Leaf of Assam Tea 8-10, Semen Maydis powder 8-10, dry pig manure 16-20, nitrogenous fertilizer 4-5, terra alba 1-2, potassium primary phosphate 0.6-0.7, zinc sulfate 0.4-0.5, chitin 0.2-0.3, Herba Epimedii 1-2, Papermulberry Fruit 2-3, Root of Great Burdock 1.5-2.5, taraxacum 2-4, Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae 1-2, sweet potato starch 30-35, Sodium Propionate 0.5-0.6, EM-bacterium liquid 0.15-0.2, nutritional additive 10-11,
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: soy sauce residues 20-22, adopting iron ore tailings 8-10, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.2-0.3, resinous shale powder 5-6, wood vinegar 2-3, soya-bean milk 13-15, yeast 0.2-0.3;
Preparation method is: soy sauce residues is mixed and mixed thoroughly with soya-bean milk, at 30-35 ℃, add yeast, ferment and mix with leftover materials after 3-4 hour, granulation, oven dry, obtain.
The preparation method of the described Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) dry pig manure is added to water-wet to the moisture 45-50% of reaching, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 20-24 days;
(2) Herba Epimedii, Papermulberry Fruit, Root of Great Burdock, taraxacum, Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae are added to 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-35 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds potassium primary phosphate, zinc sulfate, Sodium Propionate after gained filtrate is cooling, is stirred to dissolving;
(3) straw is pulverized, then with cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, apple residue, peanut skin, Leaf of Assam Tea, Semen Maydis powder, nitrogenous fertilizer, terra alba and step (1) gained mixing of materials, add 2% liming stirring, control water content and reach 65-68%, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing is 20 minutes;
(4) clear water that sweet potato starch is added to 1.5 times fully stirs, and obtains sweet potato starch slurry; In pot, pour sweet potato starch weight 5-6 clear water doubly into, sweet potato starch slurry is poured in big fire into after boiling, little fiery heated and stirred, boil discharging when transparent, the raw material mixing and stirring of not using with step (1) gained material and above-mentioned technique, then send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing is 20 minutes;
(5) in polyethylene plastic bag, put into pipe, with step (3) gained material, the space between pipe and polyethylene plastic bag is filled up, then in pipe, packed into step (4) gained material, after then consolidating after the material cooled and solidified in pipe, pipe is extracted out, tying, obtains.
Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae in the present invention is the bark of the yellow oppositeleaf fig root and leaf of Symplocaceae plant.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
Substratum of the present invention has adopted multiple dead meal as main raw material, has reduced environmental pollution, has reduced production cost, while substratum comprehensive nutrition of the present invention, the growth cycle that can effectively shorten Coprinus comatus, has improved the quantity and quality of Coprinus comatus, has the value of applying.
embodiment
Containing the Coprinus comatus substratum of Chinese medicine slag, it is characterized in that by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: straw 65, cotton seed hulls 25, wheat bran 20, rice bran 18, Chinese medicine slag 15, apple residue 10, peanut skin 10, Leaf of Assam Tea 8, Semen Maydis powder 8, dry pig manure 16, nitrogenous fertilizer 4, terra alba 1, potassium primary phosphate 0.6, zinc sulfate 0.4, chitin 0.2, Herba Epimedii 1, Papermulberry Fruit 2, Root of Great Burdock 1.5, taraxacum 2, Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae 1, sweet potato starch 30, Sodium Propionate 0.5, EM-bacterium liquid 0.15, nutritional additive 10;
Described nutritional additive by following weight part (kilogram) raw material make: soy sauce residues 20, adopting iron ore tailings 8, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.2, resinous shale powder 5, wood vinegar 2, soya-bean milk 13, yeast 0.2;
Preparation method is: soy sauce residues is mixed and mixed thoroughly with soya-bean milk, at 30-35 ℃, add yeast, ferment and mix with leftover materials after 3-4 hour, granulation, oven dry, obtain.
The preparation method of the described Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag, comprises the following steps:
(1) dry pig manure is added to water-wet to the moisture 45-50% of reaching, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 20-24 days;
(2) Herba Epimedii, Papermulberry Fruit, Root of Great Burdock, taraxacum, Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae are added to 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-35 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds potassium primary phosphate, zinc sulfate, Sodium Propionate after gained filtrate is cooling, is stirred to dissolving;
(3) straw is pulverized, then with cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, apple residue, peanut skin, Leaf of Assam Tea, Semen Maydis powder, nitrogenous fertilizer, terra alba and step (1) gained mixing of materials, add 2% liming stirring, control water content and reach 65-68%, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing is 20 minutes;
(4) clear water that sweet potato starch is added to 1.5 times fully stirs, and obtains sweet potato starch slurry; In pot, pour sweet potato starch weight 5-6 clear water doubly into, sweet potato starch slurry is poured in big fire into after boiling, little fiery heated and stirred, boil discharging when transparent, the raw material mixing and stirring of not using with step (1) gained material and above-mentioned technique, then send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing is 20 minutes;
(5) in polyethylene plastic bag, put into pipe, with step (3) gained material, the space between pipe and polyethylene plastic bag is filled up, then in pipe, packed into step (4) gained material, after then consolidating after the material cooled and solidified in pipe, pipe is extracted out, tying, obtains.
With Coprinus comatus substratum of the present invention and existing Coprinus comatus substratum cultivating drumstick mushroom comparative result, see the following form:
Item compared Every kg substratum fruiting amount (kg) Coprinus comatus profile Regenerative power is strong and weak Turn a batch speed
Coprinus comatus substratum of the present invention 0.67 Mushroom body is large, and mushroom meat is plump By force Hurry up
Existing Coprinus comatus substratum 0.45 Mushroom body is little, and mushroom meat is thin A little less than Slowly
From table, can draw: Coprinus comatus substratum provided by the invention, through overtesting plantation, per kilogram Coprinus comatus substratum results Coprinus comatus amount, than existing substratum, increase production more than 40%, and the mushroom body of Coprinus comatus is large, mushroom meat is plump, quality is high, and regenerative power is strong, turns stubble fast.

Claims (2)

1. containing a Coprinus comatus substratum for Chinese medicine slag, it is characterized in that being made by the raw material of following weight part:
Straw 65-70, cotton seed hulls 25-30, wheat bran 20-22, rice bran 18-20, Chinese medicine slag 15-18, apple residue 10-12, peanut skin 10-11, Leaf of Assam Tea 8-10, Semen Maydis powder 8-10, dry pig manure 16-20, nitrogenous fertilizer 4-5, terra alba 1-2, potassium primary phosphate 0.6-0.7, zinc sulfate 0.4-0.5, chitin 0.2-0.3, Herba Epimedii 1-2, Papermulberry Fruit 2-3, Root of Great Burdock 1.5-2.5, taraxacum 2-4, Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae 1-2, sweet potato starch 30-35, Sodium Propionate 0.5-0.6, EM-bacterium liquid 0.15-0.2, nutritional additive 10-11,
Described nutritional additive is made by the raw material of following weight part: soy sauce residues 20-22, adopting iron ore tailings 8-10, sarcodactylis oil fu 0.2-0.3, resinous shale powder 5-6, wood vinegar 2-3, soya-bean milk 13-15, yeast 0.2-0.3;
Preparation method is: soy sauce residues is mixed and mixed thoroughly with soya-bean milk, at 30-35 ℃, add yeast, ferment and mix with leftover materials after 3-4 hour, granulation, oven dry, obtain.
2. the preparation method of the Coprinus comatus substratum containing Chinese medicine slag according to claim 1, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) dry pig manure is added to water-wet to the moisture 45-50% of reaching, then add EM-bacterium liquid, sealing and fermenting 20-24 days;
(2) Herba Epimedii, Papermulberry Fruit, Root of Great Burdock, taraxacum, Cortex Symplocoris Laurinae are added to 4-5 water slow fire boiling 30-35 minute doubly, filter cleaner adds potassium primary phosphate, zinc sulfate, Sodium Propionate after gained filtrate is cooling, is stirred to dissolving;
(3) straw is pulverized, then with cotton seed hulls, wheat bran, rice bran, Chinese medicine slag, apple residue, peanut skin, Leaf of Assam Tea, Semen Maydis powder, nitrogenous fertilizer, terra alba and step (1) gained mixing of materials, add 2% liming stirring, control water content and reach 65-68%, send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing is 20 minutes;
(4) clear water that sweet potato starch is added to 1.5 times fully stirs, and obtains sweet potato starch slurry; In pot, pour sweet potato starch weight 5-6 clear water doubly into, sweet potato starch slurry is poured in big fire into after boiling, little fiery heated and stirred, boil discharging when transparent, the raw material mixing and stirring of not using with step (1) gained material and above-mentioned technique, then send in high-pressure sterilizing pot, at 121 ℃, sterilizing is 20 minutes;
(5) in polyethylene plastic bag, put into pipe, with step (3) gained material, the space between pipe and polyethylene plastic bag is filled up, then in pipe, packed into step (4) gained material, after then consolidating after the material cooled and solidified in pipe, pipe is extracted out, tying, obtains.
CN201410354751.3A 2014-07-24 2014-07-24 Coprinus comatus culture medium containing traditional Chinese medicine residues and preparation method thereof Pending CN104193471A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104945047A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Method for producing liquid matrix for flammulina velutipes cultivation
CN104987153A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-21 广西大学 Oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN105461395A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-06 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 High-nitrogen mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105622181A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-06-01 遵义市明华福食用菌种植场 Coprinus comatus culture medium and cultivation method thereof
CN107285867A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-10-24 徐州山野菌业有限公司 A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method thereof
CN107484544A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-12-19 徐州山野菌业有限公司 A kind of cultural method of pleurotus eryngii
CN107573185A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 李均裕 The processing method of cow dung

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103449901A (en) * 2013-08-12 2013-12-18 凤台县星展食用菌有限公司 Coprinus comatus culture base material and preparation method thereof
CN103524205A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-22 合肥市天丰菌业科技有限公司 Flammulina velutipes cultivation material containing dark plums and preparation method of cultivation material

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103449901A (en) * 2013-08-12 2013-12-18 凤台县星展食用菌有限公司 Coprinus comatus culture base material and preparation method thereof
CN103524205A (en) * 2013-09-27 2014-01-22 合肥市天丰菌业科技有限公司 Flammulina velutipes cultivation material containing dark plums and preparation method of cultivation material

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104945047A (en) * 2015-06-16 2015-09-30 王金生 Method for producing liquid matrix for flammulina velutipes cultivation
CN104987153A (en) * 2015-06-30 2015-10-21 广西大学 Oyster mushroom cultivation material
CN105461395A (en) * 2015-12-17 2016-04-06 凤台县千秋食用菌有限公司 High-nitrogen mushroom culture medium and preparation method thereof
CN105622181A (en) * 2015-12-25 2016-06-01 遵义市明华福食用菌种植场 Coprinus comatus culture medium and cultivation method thereof
CN107285867A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-10-24 徐州山野菌业有限公司 A kind of pleurotus eryngii cultivating material and preparation method thereof
CN107484544A (en) * 2017-07-04 2017-12-19 徐州山野菌业有限公司 A kind of cultural method of pleurotus eryngii
CN107573185A (en) * 2017-09-30 2018-01-12 李均裕 The processing method of cow dung

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Application publication date: 20141210