CN103858824B - The production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig - Google Patents

The production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig Download PDF

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CN103858824B
CN103858824B CN201410131162.9A CN201410131162A CN103858824B CN 103858824 B CN103858824 B CN 103858824B CN 201410131162 A CN201410131162 A CN 201410131162A CN 103858824 B CN103858824 B CN 103858824B
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pig
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raw
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CN103858824A (en
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李祥
谢申伍
吕志华
龙罡
李俊
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YUNNAN DONGHENG ECONOMIC AND TRADE GROUP PIG BREEDING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig, choose Yorkshire, long Bai Yu great water ouzel pig tri-crossbreeding as pig kind, piglet is raised according to a conventional method to 25kg, divide again little in large three phases raise and deliver for sale to when 160 kilograms, breeding cycle controls at 270 ~ 300 ages in days, Chinese herb feed additive substitute antibiotics is adopted three stages of raising, with barley and fry starch of konjak Substitute For Partial corn, reduce the back-fat thickness of pig and the deposition of stomach fat, improve hardness and the fusing point of pork fat.Have three features by the air-dry fermented meat that this pork is processed: good, the fatty hardness of water binding capacity is large, fusing point is high, finished product can not oil impregnate; The marble grain of meat is obvious, muscle fat is many, dry matter content is high, finished product local flavor foot; Drug residue free.There is good economic benefit and social benefit.

Description

The production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig
Technical field
The present invention relates to the production method technical field of pig, particularly relate to the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig.
Background technology
Fermentation meat product refer to livestock and poultry meat inoculate under nature and manual control environment's condition beneficial microorganism fermentation and formed there is flavour, color and luster and quality, and the class meat products had compared with long storage life, mainly comprise ferment sausage and the large class of fermentation ham two, the dry-cured hams such as the Jinhua ham of China and Xuanwei ham also belong to this series products.Livestock and poultry meat is by beneficial microbe breeding fermentation, improve the activity of enzyme in meat, protein and fat produce a large amount of active factors under the effect of enzyme, produce the aromatic substances such as a large amount of amino acid, ketone, aldehyde, alcohol, hydrocarbon simultaneously, make product have special local flavor, the active factors in fermented meat and beneficial microbe can improve human consumption's absorption ratio and immunity; The aromatic substances such as the amino acid in fermented meat, ketone, aldehyde, alcohol, hydrocarbon, make product have special local flavor, are deeply subject to the favor of consumers in general.Fermented meat is called as " imperial crown " in meat products, and be a kind of high-end traditional health food at European and American developed countries' fermentation meat product, and enter suitability for industrialized production, possess suitable scale, recent year also develops production at introducing equipment and technology.
Fermentation meat product requires that raw material pig does not use antibiotic, healthy anosis, no drug residue, and lean meat percentage is 55% ~ 65%; Raw meat water binding capacity is strong, and moisture few, dry matter content is high, intramuscular fat content more than 4%, meat-like flavor foot; Fat white, glossy, fusing point is high, and namely saturated fatty acid content wants high, prevents converted products oil impregnate phenomenon.Good raw material pig can make the fermentation of fermentation meat product more abundant, effectively can improve local flavor and the external form sense organ of finished product, Shelf-life, ensure meat products quality safety simultaneously.
Large water ouzel pig, original producton location, in great river town, Fuyuan County, Qujing City of Yunnan Province, is formally obtained the Ministry of Agriculture on February 27th, 2003 and is approved as national new varieties.Large water ouzel pig sow and long white race boar hybridize " binary is mixed " sow of producing, hybridize " ternary mix " produced again with Yorkshire stock boar and have that fattening performance is good, fast gaining, lean meat percentage and intramuscular fat content are high, the thin skin of bone is thin, Fresh & Tender in Texture, dressing percentge large, pickle the distinguishing features such as percentage of water loss is low, suitable processing high grade Yunnan ham and fermentation meat product.Have the good characteristics such as fast growth, crude feed tolerance, strong stress resistance, farrowing be many, very suitable farmers' raises simultaneously.
Konjaku You Cheng Amorphophalus rivieri is the herbaceos perennial of Araeceae Amorphophallus.China's Amorphophallus Resources enriches, and has kind more than 20.Yunnan has konjaku kind 17, accounts for 63% of national Amorphophallus germ plasm resource.Fry starch of konjak is in the process of konjaku powder, descends slowly and lightly to lightweight, the fine powder that particle is little of surrounding.Fry starch of konjak, as the by product produced in konjaku powder processing, accounts for 30% ~ 40% of konjaku flour quality.The Principle components analysis of Fuyuan County, Yunnan Province fry starch of konjak is shown, containing crude protein 21.3%, soluble sugar 8.59%, starch 22.81%, raw fiber 2.5%, crude fat 0.2%, and trace elements iron, zinc, copper, manganese and the glucomannans etc. required to people and animals.Along with the development of konjaku processing industry, produce a large amount of fry starch of konjak, aboundresources, low price.Fry starch of konjak has the rational nutrient component of comparatively horn of plenty, but have some antinutritional factor, mainly trimethylamine, alkaloid and tannin etc., have impact on absorbing of nutrient component simultaneously, and foul smelling taste and peppery puckery mouthfeel, also affect its palatability as feed.
Barley is one of China's Major Cereal, and Yunnan is the feed barley production base of Largest In China, and long-term cultivated area is 11.4 ten thousand hectares.Naked barley is of high nutritive value, and there are some researches show, barley substitutes corn in diet all has impact to the growth performance of each growth period pig and carcass quality.Band barley crude fiber content is higher, and reach 4.8%, non-starch polysaccharides(nsp) content is high, wherein xylan 7.6%, beta glucan 4.3%, cellulose 3.9%.The raw fiber of high-load and non-starch polysaccharides(nsp) have impact on the nutritive value of barley as feed.It is higher that barley decortication is used for feed production cost, and also generating portion broken kernel, causes being not easy to the problems such as storage, nutrition oxidational losses, mould growth.
Therefore, make full use of local pig breed and crop genetic resource, the air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig production method researching and developing a kind of cost-effective is desirability.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to utilize local pig breed and crop genetic resource, further Optimal culture method, the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig of cost-effective is provided.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, the production method of this air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig be choose Yorkshire, long Bai Yu great water ouzel pig tri-crossbreeding as pig kind, piglet is raised according to a conventional method and raises according to the following steps to 25kg:
1) the little swine rearing stage: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 540 kilograms, 16 kilograms, wheat bran, barley 150 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 60 kilograms, dregs of beans 190 kilograms, 70% lysine 7 kilograms, threonine 1.6 kilograms, methionine 1.4 kilograms, stone flour 8.3 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 14 kilograms, 3.5 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2.5 kilograms, composite trace element 2.5 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is raised the piggy that body weight is 25 kilograms to 45 kilograms,
2) the swine rearing stage in: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 520 kilograms, barley 200 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 80 kilograms, dregs of beans 164 kilograms, 70% lysine 5.5 kilograms, threonine 1 kilogram, methionine 0.5 kilogram, stone flour 7.3 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 11 kilograms, 3.5 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2 kilograms, composite trace element 2 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is that in 45 kilograms to 85 kilograms, pig is raised to body weight,
3) the large swine rearing stage: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 464 kilograms, barley 250 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 120 kg, dregs of beans 135 kilograms, 70% lysine 4 kilograms, threonine 0.4 kilogram, stone flour 8 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 8 kilograms, 3.4 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2 kilograms, composite trace element 2 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is raised the large pig that body weight is 85 kilograms to 160 kilograms.
Described raw material swine rearing periodic Control is at 270 ~ 300 ages in days, and delivering weight standard for sale is 160 kilograms.
Described corn-fry starch of konjak puff makes as follows: first by after crush maize cross aperture be 3mm sieve, then wet method is carried out through steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture after being mixed in 1:1 ratio with corn flour by fry starch of konjak expanded, expanded rear cooling 3 ~ 4 minutes, then to be pulverized by mixture and cross aperture be 2mm sieve.
Described expanded time steam pressure be 0.4 ~ 0.6Mpa, swelling temperature is 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and the moisture content of expanded rear finished product is less than 10.5%.
In described Chinese herb feed additive, the quality proportioning of each component is: the Radix Astragali 16%, kitchen garden 15%, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10%, the root of herbaceous peony 8%, Poria cocos 8%, the bark of official magnolia 6%, Radix Codonopsis 10%, Radix Glycyrrhizae 2%, orange peel 15%, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10%, and each component takes rear mixing in proportion and grinds to form granularity is 100 ~ 150 object fine powders.Described Chinese herb feed additive take the Radix Astragali as main ingredient.The Radix Astragali has the effects such as invigorating qi for strengthening superficies, sharp water detumescence, pus draining and toxin expelling, myogenic, have enhanced machine body immunity function, protect the liver, diuresis, anti-ageing, resisting stress, step-down and antibacterial action more widely.Kitchen garden is clearing heat and detoxicating, loose blood detumescence, and control hot dysentery purulence blood, heat is drenched, and blood drenches, and under band, carbuncle is swollen dislikes sore, erysipelas, trace scrofula, for damp and hot caused diarrhoea, dysentery.Chinese angelica blood supplementing is especially with asthenic symptoms.Root of herbaceous peony purging the liver of pathogenic fire is calmed the nerves, heat-clearing profit intestines, nourish blood astringe yin.Poria cocos can be supported spleen and be nourished heart, clearing damp and promoting diuresis, its dampness removing and just do not hinder, and is the medicine of logical benefit two grass, and all cards that is insufficiency of the spleen and retention of water-damp in the body are commonly used, more suitable to the insufficiency of the spleen with overabundance of dampness, cause the mind to be lost support insufficiency of the spleen biochemical deficiency, with the effect that can reach spleen-benefiting mind-tranquilizing.Eliminating dampness in bark of official magnolia temperature, strong lung stagnation resolvation.Radix Codonopsis tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, invigorating the spleen benefit lung.Radix Glycyrrhizae is invigorated the spleen and benefited qi, clearing heat and detoxicating, expelling phlegm and arresting coughing, relieving spasm to stop pain, coordinating the drug actions of a prescription.In the reasonable controlled atmosphere of orange peel, eliminating dampness and eliminating phlegm effect, can be used for the treatment taste stagnation of the circulation of vital energy, abdominal fullness and distention, vomiting.Bighead atractylodes rhizome strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi, eliminating dampness Li Shui, hidroschesis, antiabortive, few for insufficiency of the spleen food, abdominal distension is had loose bowels, oedema.In daily ration, the interpolation of Chinese herb feed additive improves the immunity of pig, improves pig intestinal health, decreases disease; Chinese herb feed additive instead of antibiotic simultaneously, decreases the medicament residue of meat, improves meat safety.
In described B B-complex, the quality proportioning of each component is: in per kilogram B B-complex containing vitamin A be 3,000,000 IU, vitamine D3 is 1,500,000 IU, vitamin E is 15 grams, Vitamin K3 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B1 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B2 is 3.8 grams, vitamin B6 is 1.5 grams, cobalamin is 0.0115 gram, D-VB5 calcium is 7.5 grams, vitamin PP is 15 grams, folic acid be 0.76 gram and Bio is 0.1 gram, all the other are carrier rice bran meal.
In described composite trace element, the quality proportioning of each component is: containing basic copper chloride 24 grams, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 160 grams, monohydrate zinc sulphate 100 grams, manganese sulfate monohydrate 60 grams, the sodium selenite pre-mixing agent 8 grams containing selenium 1%, the potassium iodide pre-mixing agent 24 grams containing iodine 1%, yeast selenium 40 grams containing selenium 0.2%, ferrous bisglycinate chelate 200 grams, chromium methionine 40 grams containing chromium 0.2% in per kilogram composite trace element, all the other are carrier zeolite powder.
Described antioxidant is the mixture that ethoxyquinoline and zeolite powder are mixed into by the mass ratio of 3:7.
In described mould inhibitor, the mass percent of each component is: food spices 10%, propionic acid 15%, zeolite powder 75%.
Growing and fattening pigs divide the feed of three phases different ratio to raise by the present invention, make full use of the growth performance feature of pig in each stage and the characteristic of all feeds raw material, the feed of Different Nutrition index of in good time feeding according to the nutritional need in pig each stage, significantly improves efficiency of feed utilization.Make use of the lean meat percentage of the black pig that about grows up and intramuscular fat content is high, the thin skin of bone is thin, Fresh & Tender in Texture, dressing percentge is large, pickle the distinguishing features such as percentage of water loss is low, extend breeding cycle simultaneously, delivering body weight control for sale at 160 kilograms, breeding cycle controls at 270 ~ 300 ages in days, increase the dry-matter accumulation of meat, improve meat quality.The present invention is according to the nutritional need feature in pig each stage, the feed of preparation Different Nutrition index is fed, autogamy Chinese herb feed additive substitute antibiotics is adopted in feed, autogamy microelement additive improves meat, barley and the fry starch of konjak through expanding treatment is added in feed, particularly in large pig stage barley adding proportion 20% ~ 25%, reduce the back-fat thickness of pig and the deposition of stomach fat, improve hardness and the fusing point of pork fat.The air-dry fermented meat of the pork processing that profit is produced in this way has that lean meat percentage is high, water binding capacity good, yield rate is high, fatty hardness is large, fusing point is high, the marble grain of meat obviously, finished product can not oil impregnate, product lover, muscle fat is many, dry matter content is high, finished product local flavor foot, the feature such as do not have medicament residue, product safety secure.There is good economic benefit and social benefit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but limited the present invention never in any form, and any conversion done based on training centre of the present invention or replacement, all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
embodiment 1:
Choose Yorkshire, long Bai Yu great water ouzel pig tri-crossbreeding as pig kind, feed formula before 25 kilograms of the body weight of the black pig that about grows up and trophic level are with reference to other pig kinds.Body weight point three phases after 25 kilograms is fed, the formula of feed and trophic level corresponding point of three phases: piggy, middle pig and large pig.Pig is fast in growth early growth speed, and feed formulation nutrients level is relatively high, constantly strengthens, more crude feed tolerance in the middle and late growth stage digestion power, and formula nutritional level suitably reduces, and barley and fry starch of konjak suitably can improve addition simultaneously.So both took full advantage of local feed resource, and reduced formulation cost, make use of again the advantage that fry starch of konjak and barley improve quality of pig trunk, reduce the back-fat thickness of pig and the deposition of stomach fat, make pork fat hardness large, fusing point is high, and meat is good simultaneously.Piglet is raised according to a conventional method and raises according to the following steps to 25kg:
1) the little swine rearing stage: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 540 kilograms, 16 kilograms, wheat bran, barley 150 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 60 kilograms, dregs of beans 190 kilograms, 70% lysine 7 kilograms, threonine 1.6 kilograms, methionine 1.4 kilograms, stone flour 8.3 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 14 kilograms, 3.5 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2.5 kilograms, composite trace element 2.5 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is raised the piggy that body weight is 25 kilograms to 45 kilograms,
2) the swine rearing stage in: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 520 kilograms, barley 200 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 80 kilograms, dregs of beans 164 kilograms, 70% lysine 5.5 kilograms, threonine 1 kilogram, methionine 0.5 kilogram, stone flour 7.3 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 11 kilograms, 3.5 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2 kilograms, composite trace element 2 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is that in 45 kilograms to 85 kilograms, pig is raised to body weight,
3) the large swine rearing stage: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 464 kilograms, barley 250 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 120 kg, dregs of beans 135 kilograms, 70% lysine 4 kilograms, threonine 0.4 kilogram, stone flour 8 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 8 kilograms, 3.4 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2 kilograms, composite trace element 2 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is raised the large pig that body weight is 85 kilograms to 160 kilograms.
Described corn-fry starch of konjak puff makes as follows: first by after crush maize cross aperture be 3mm sieve, then wet method is carried out through steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture after being mixed in 1:1 ratio with corn flour by fry starch of konjak expanded, expanded rear cooling 3 ~ 4 minutes, then to be pulverized by mixture and cross aperture be 2mm sieve.Described expanded time steam pressure be 0.4 ~ 0.6Mpa, swelling temperature is 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and the moisture content of expanded rear finished product is less than 10.5%.By adopting high temperature modulation, extrusion cooking puffing technique processes fry starch of konjak, degraded alkaloid wherein, eliminate the peculiar smell that trimethylamine brings, fry starch of konjak palatability after process improves greatly, at the fry starch of konjak that in black pig feed, interpolation processed of about growing up, make use of fry starch of konjak resource, reduce feed formula cost, improve the granule stability of feed, also improve pig feed intake, also improve the growth performance of pig simultaneously, improve economic benefit, in addition, Long-term Feeding is containing the feed of fry starch of konjak, reduce the back-fat thickness of pig and the deposition of stomach fat, improve meat quality.
In described Chinese herb feed additive, the quality proportioning of each component is: the Radix Astragali 16%, kitchen garden 15%, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10%, the root of herbaceous peony 8%, Poria cocos 8%, the bark of official magnolia 6%, Radix Codonopsis 10%, Radix Glycyrrhizae 2%, orange peel 15%, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10%, and each component takes rear mixing in proportion and grinds to form granularity is 100 ~ 150 object fine powders.
In described B B-complex, the quality proportioning of each component is: in per kilogram B B-complex containing vitamin A be 3,000,000 IU, vitamine D3 is 1,500,000 IU, vitamin E is 15 grams, Vitamin K3 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B1 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B2 is 3.8 grams, vitamin B6 is 1.5 grams, cobalamin is 0.0115 gram, D-VB5 calcium is 7.5 grams, vitamin PP is 15 grams, folic acid be 0.76 gram and Bio is 0.1 gram, all the other are carrier rice bran meal.
In described composite trace element, the quality proportioning of each component is: containing basic copper chloride 24 grams, ferrous sulfate monohydrate 160 grams, monohydrate zinc sulphate 100 grams, manganese sulfate monohydrate 60 grams, the sodium selenite pre-mixing agent 8 grams containing selenium 1%, the potassium iodide pre-mixing agent 24 grams containing iodine 1%, yeast selenium 40 grams containing selenium 0.2%, ferrous bisglycinate chelate 200 grams, chromium methionine 40 grams containing chromium 0.2% in per kilogram composite trace element, all the other are carrier zeolite powder.
The complex enzyme formulation that described complex enzyme formulation adopts GuangDong YiDuoLi Biology Science Co., Ltd to produce, its composition with content is: zytase 20000U/g, dextranase 20000 U/g, cellulase 10000 U/g, mannase 400 U/g, α-amylase 100000U/g.
Described antioxidant is the mixture that ethoxyquinoline and zeolite powder are mixed into by the mass ratio of 3:7.
In described mould inhibitor, the mass percent of each component is: food spices 10%, propionic acid 15%, zeolite powder 75%.
Described perfect compound feed processing method is that first pulverized by the raw material that corn, barley, wheat bran, dregs of beans etc. need be pulverized, the aperture of grinding screen plate is 2mm, crosses 20 orders.Take other raw materials such as corn, barley, corn-fry starch of konjak puff, wheat bran, dregs of beans, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, stone flour, sodium chloride, 50% Choline Chloride, 70% lysine, threonine, methionine, Chinese herb feed additive, complex enzyme formulation, mould inhibitor, antioxidant, B B-complex, composite trace element more in proportion one by one.The raw material weighed up is dropped into mixer and mixes 120 seconds.Mix complete packing.
For the science of checking the present embodiment technical scheme, carry out feeding experiment on Yunnan pig breeding Co., Ltd of Dong Heng economy and trade group how happy kind of pig farm.Choose age in days, the black piglet totally 64 that about grows up that body weight is close, by the principle that sex ratio is consistent, be divided into 2 groups at random, often organize 4 repetitions, each repetition 8 pigs.Test pig is by special messenger's feeding and management, and free choice feeding, feeds and record feed intake in units of repeating, and freely drinks water, and each clear circle once sooner or later.Immunity and treatment is carried out according to feeding and management code in field.Weigh in the morning on the same day of on-test and end on an empty stomach, and statistics daily ingestion amount, calculates daily gain and feedstuff-meat ratio.
Test daily ration and feeding method: daily ration divides 3 stages, is respectively the piggy stage (25 kilograms ~ 45 kilograms), middle pig stage (45 kilograms ~ 85 kilograms) and large pig stage (85 kilograms to delivering for sale).Control group daily ration is the manufactured feed not containing barley and fry starch of konjak, and experimental group daily ration is manufactured feed of the present invention, and the nutritive index of two groups of daily rations is consistent, with formula software again optimization of C/C composites.Control group fed basic ration, experimental group is fed the test daily ration containing barley and fry starch of konjak.
Testing index and method: terminate test from control group and each random selecting of experimental group 2 repetitions (16) respectively when body weight reaches about 100kg, 160kg.Weighed in the morning on the same day of off-test, added up feed consumption, and carry out butchering (butchering front fasting 24 hours) and measure and Meat Quality mensuration.The indexs such as evaluation growth performance, carcass quality and Meat Quality.
Conclusion (of pressure testing): draw through carrying out analysis to test data, the Diet Formula cost of experimental group can reduce about 2% ~ 5%; The daily gain of experimental group, feed intake and feedstuff-meat ratio index are all improved than control group; The fat thickness of experimental group pig decreases than control group, and the indexs such as dressing percentge, dressing percentage, eye muscle area and lean meat percentage all make moderate progress; The thick protein of experimental group, intramuscular fat, dry matter, muscle pH value, drip loss, yellowish pink, the index such as marble grain and cold cuts rate all have improvement in various degree than control group; Each saturated fatty acid content height more general than control group in the fatty acid of experimental group, and unsaturated fatty acid content is generally low than control group, in fat, saturated fatty acid content is higher, and namely fatty fusing point is high, effectively can prevent product oil impregnate phenomenon, improve the moisture capacity of finished product, color development degree and shelf life; The ferment sausage obtained with experimental group pork and fermentation ham, it is all obviously better than control group in organoleptic requirements, physical and chemical index and microbiological indicator.
embodiment 2:
All feeds pulp furnish in the present embodiment and feeding method etc. are all identical with embodiment 1, and difference is that the perfect compound feed to each ratio feedstuff mixes rear gained increases following process:
Granulated by perfect compound feed granulator, grain made parameter is: granulation steam pressure is at 0.3 ~ 0.4MPa, and boiler supplying pressure is within the scope of 0.5 ~ 0.7MPa, and modified rear material moisture remains on 15 ~ 17%, moisture≤12.5% after granulation.Granulator ring film compression ratio is 1:4.5, and pelleting temperature controls at 75 ~ 85 DEG C, finished particle material particle diameter 3.5 ~ 4.5 mm, and long 8.0 ~ 12.0 mm of material, particulate material is packed after supercooling again.
For the science of checking the present embodiment technical scheme, Yunnan pig breeding Co., Ltd of Dong Heng economy and trade group how happy kind of pig farm adopts the Test Methods And Procedures identical with embodiment 1 to carry out feeding experiment, draw through carrying out analysis to test data, the Diet Formula cost of experimental group can reduce about 2% ~ 5%; The daily gain of experimental group, feed intake and feedstuff-meat ratio index are all improved than control group; The fat thickness of experimental group pig decreases than control group, and the indexs such as dressing percentge, dressing percentage, eye muscle area and lean meat percentage all make moderate progress; The thick protein of experimental group, intramuscular fat, dry matter, muscle pH value, drip loss, yellowish pink, the index such as marble grain and cold cuts rate all have improvement in various degree than control group; Each saturated fatty acid content height more general than control group in the fatty acid of experimental group, and unsaturated fatty acid content is generally low than control group, in fat, saturated fatty acid content is higher, and namely fatty fusing point is high, effectively can prevent product oil impregnate phenomenon, improve the moisture capacity of finished product, color development degree and shelf life; The ferment sausage obtained with experimental group pork and fermentation ham, it is all obviously better than control group in organoleptic requirements, physical and chemical index and microbiological indicator.

Claims (9)

1. a production method for air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig, it is characterized in that choosing Yorkshire, long Bai Yu great water ouzel pig tri-crossbreeding as pig kind, piglet is raised according to a conventional method and raises according to the following steps to 25kg:
1) the little swine rearing stage: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 540 kilograms, 16 kilograms, wheat bran, barley 150 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 60 kilograms, dregs of beans 190 kilograms, 70% lysine 7 kilograms, threonine 1.6 kilograms, methionine 1.4 kilograms, stone flour 8.3 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 14 kilograms, 3.5 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2.5 kilograms, composite trace element 2.5 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is raised the piggy that body weight is 25 kilograms to 45 kilograms,
2) the swine rearing stage in: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 520 kilograms, barley 200 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 80 kilograms, dregs of beans 164 kilograms, 70% lysine 5.5 kilograms, threonine 1 kilogram, methionine 0.5 kilogram, stone flour 7.3 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 11 kilograms, 3.5 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2 kilograms, composite trace element 2 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is that in 45 kilograms to 85 kilograms, pig is raised to body weight,
3) the large swine rearing stage: adopt in every 1000 kilograms containing corn 464 kilograms, barley 250 kilograms, corn-fry starch of konjak puff 120 kg, dregs of beans 135 kilograms, 70% lysine 4 kilograms, threonine 0.4 kilogram, stone flour 8 kilograms, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 8 kilograms, 3.4 kilograms, sodium chloride, B B-complex 2 kilograms, composite trace element 2 kilograms, 50% Choline Chloride 1 kilogram, complex enzyme formulation 0.2 kilogram, mould inhibitor 0.5 kilogram, antioxidant 0.5 kilogram, the feed that Chinese herb feed additive is 1 kilogram is raised the large pig that body weight is 85 kilograms to 160 kilograms.
2. the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described raw material swine rearing periodic Control is at 270 ~ 300 ages in days, and delivering weight standard for sale is 160 kilograms.
3. the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described corn-fry starch of konjak puff makes as follows: first by after crush maize cross aperture be 3mm sieve, then wet method is carried out through steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture after being mixed in 1:1 ratio with corn flour by fry starch of konjak expanded, expanded rear cooling 3 ~ 4 minutes, then to be pulverized by mixture and cross aperture be 2mm sieve.
4. the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig according to claim 3, is characterized in that: described expanded time steam pressure be 0.4 ~ 0.6Mpa, swelling temperature is 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and the moisture content of expanded rear finished product is less than 10.5%.
5. the production method of a kind of air-dry fermentation meat product raw material pig according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in described Chinese herb feed additive, the quality proportioning of each component is: the Radix Astragali 16%, kitchen garden 15%, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10%, the root of herbaceous peony 8%, Poria cocos 8%, the bark of official magnolia 6%, Radix Codonopsis 10%, Radix Glycyrrhizae 2%, orange peel 15%, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10%, and each component takes rear mixing in proportion and grinds to form granularity is 100 ~ 150 object fine powders.