CN109480102A - A kind of energy saving mixed ration and preparation method thereof improving sheep daily gain - Google Patents

A kind of energy saving mixed ration and preparation method thereof improving sheep daily gain Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109480102A
CN109480102A CN201811373614.9A CN201811373614A CN109480102A CN 109480102 A CN109480102 A CN 109480102A CN 201811373614 A CN201811373614 A CN 201811373614A CN 109480102 A CN109480102 A CN 109480102A
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China
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sheep
parts
energy saving
daily gain
improving
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Inventor
马冬梅
邵彩梅
金卫东
李宏
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BEIJING SANYUAN HEFENG ANIMAL HUSBANDRY CO LTD
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BEIJING SANYUAN HEFENG ANIMAL HUSBANDRY CO LTD
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Priority to CN201811373614.9A priority Critical patent/CN109480102A/en
Publication of CN109480102A publication Critical patent/CN109480102A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/10Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for ruminants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • A23K10/18Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions of live microorganisms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/158Fatty acids; Fats; Products containing oils or fats
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/189Enzymes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K40/00Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K40/10Shaping or working-up of animal feeding-stuffs by agglomeration; by granulation, e.g. making powders
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention belongs to fodder compound technical fields, and in particular to a kind of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, and it is related to the preparation method of the daily ration.The daily ration is made: 40-45 parts of roughage, 4 parts of dregs of beans of the raw material for including following parts by weight, 2-4 parts of cotton dregs, 4-6 parts of sesame seed meal, 0-5 parts of the grape pip dregs of rice, 22.7-39.7 parts of corn byproducts, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, 0.1 part of rumen bypass methionine, 1 part of sheep fattening period compound premixed feed, 0.1 part of complex enzyme formulation, 0.1 part of the prebiotic factor.Daily ration of the present invention uses in the Mutton Sheep 20kg-60kg stage, can be improved weight gain, reduces cost.

Description

A kind of energy saving mixed ration and preparation method thereof improving sheep daily gain
Technical field
The invention belongs to fodder compound technical fields, and in particular to a kind of energy conservation mixing day for improving sheep daily gain Grain, and it is related to the preparation method of the daily ration.
Background technique
Mutton Sheep cultivation is concentrated mainly on the ground such as Inner Mongol, three provinces in the northeast of China, Hebei, Shandong, Gansu, Xinjiang.Have from it is numerous from It brings up fertilizer and both of which is fattened in strange land.Wherein especially be with strange land fattening it is leading, monomer cultivation it is larger, technical level compared with It is high.Strange land scale fattening the problem of there are problems that mainly shelf sheep buy after stress and the shortage of feeding roughage resource, expense With valuableness, human cost is high, corn resources utilizes.
The fattening later period largely uses corn as energy source, and roughage production meat value is relatively low, with weight gain, every list Position weight intake dry matter intake decline, is improved requirement by energy concentration and feeding space is limited, roughage feed intake dimension It holds in low-level, and a large amount of feeding with fodder concentrate will lead to rumen ecology, cause increase weight relatively low, diarrhea, even death. The unsound state of cud will affect the utilization efficiency of roughage and concentrated feed, and feed efficiency is caused to decline, and per kilogram increases Weight cost improves, and breeding income is reduced.We have to do more effort in this, promote the promotion of breeding income, reduce meat The risk of sheep cultivation.
Commodity mutton sheep fattening feed main species and strengths and weaknesses analysis are as follows:
1. concentrate supplement: generally have powder and two kinds of pellet, client needs to prepare roughage, individually feeding or It is mixed into fully mixed diet feeding.
Advantage: formula is more scientific;Disadvantage: cost is relatively high, and roughage buying is difficult.
2. concentrated feed: generally there are powder and two kinds of particulate material, client needs to prepare other cereal such as corn and roughage, Individually feed or be mixed into fully mixed diet feeding.
Advantage: formula is more scientific;Disadvantage: large labor intensity, cost is relatively high, and roughage buying is difficult.
3. fully mixed diet: pellet, client need to prepare a small amount of roughage early period, and the later period also needs to prepare corn.
Advantage: feeding is simple;Disadvantage: at high cost, fattening later period energy is insufficient, daily gain decline.
Publication number: sheep forage disclosed in a kind of invention " granular dregs for improving sheep meat " of 102178097A solves The problem of sheep meat is poor at present, and fresh citrus pulp progress landfill disposal is caused the waste and environmental pollution of resource.The present invention The grain dregs of rice are made of main component and auxiliary element;The main component is citrus pulp, and the auxiliary element is by urea, corn Face, molasses, sodium sulphate, zeolite, sodium dihydrogen phosphate and salt composition.Granular dregs of the invention are remarkably improved Sheep cutability Weight and neat percentage reduce muscle shearing force, improve yellowish pink grade, can obviously reduce cholesterol level in mutton, significantly improve calcium Level, and then sheep meat is significantly improved, while granular dregs of the present invention are low in cost, palatability is good, protein content is high, nitrogen sulphur Ratio and calcium phosphorus ration are balanced, to sheep economic benefit of aquaculture is improved, realize that the sustainable circulation of resource is efficiently important using having Meaning.
Publication number: a kind of invention " preparation process of the sheep forage additive of Chinese herbal medicine " of 104054957A discloses one The preparation process of the sheep forage additive of kind of Chinese herbal medicine, processing step are as follows: A. weigh 1-3 parts of Radix Astragali, 2-5 parts of Chinese yam, when Return 6-10 parts, 5-8 parts of Radix Isatidis, 9-12 parts of stir-baked FRUCTUS CRATAEGI, 6-10 parts of coloured malt, 3-5 parts of garlic, 2-5 parts of cortex acanthopanacis, sweet wormwood 2-5 Part, 2-6 parts of Divine Comedy and 5-8 parts of radish seed;B. material in hot air circulation drying oven in 40-60 DEG C at a temperature of dry 2-5h, It pulverizes, sieving is sealed.Formulation selection medicine source is wide, small toxicity, stability are good, convenient in quality control, environment-friendly type Medicine.
Publication number: Mutton Sheep feed disclosed in a kind of invention " Mutton Sheep feed " of 104413293A, including it is following The each component of parts by weight: wheat bran 20-50, dregs of beans 10-50, corn 300-350, maize peel 100-150, sorghum 30-50, Sweet tea slag 30-50, Castor seed Meal 15-25, calcium monohydrogen phosphate 15-20, meat meal tankage 15-20, middling flour 15-20, saltcake 8-10, salt 3-5, little Su Beat 3-5, lysine 4-6 antioxidant 0.5-0.8, sweetener 0.5-0.8.The present invention has at low cost, full of nutrition, palatability It is good, the high advantage of efficiency of feed utilization.
Publication number: the sheep forage that the invention " a kind of sheep feed formulation and preparation method thereof " of 104286522A discloses It include formula as below ingredient according to mass fraction: 80-100 parts of corn flour, 10-30 parts of beancake powder, 30-50 parts of alfalfa meal, vegetable seed 3-5 parts oily, 7-9 parts of bone meal, 5-7 parts of albumen powder, 1-3 parts of salt, 10-20 parts of corn stover, 10-20 parts of wheat bran, Grain Production of Amaranthus 10- 30 parts, 1-3 parts of leavening, 10-20 parts of Cottonseed Meal, 3-5 parts of sodium alginate, 5-15 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 60-80 parts of water, the present invention It improves sheep and production hair rate is improved to the absorptivity of feed, improve the growth performance of sheep, make the gloss of sheep, good hand touch.
Publication number: the invention " a kind of sheep forage and preparation method thereof " of 103229899A disclose a kind of sheep forage and Preparation method, it is composed of the following raw materials by weight: rice straw powder 50-60, hybrid Chinese pennisetum powder 25-30, Poplar leaves 20-30, Grain Production of Amaranthus 10-15, tealeaf residue 15-20, soft cooked rice noodles 8-12, chicken manure 15-25, leavening 1-2, corn flour 40-50, wheat bran 15-25, Cottonseed Meal 10-15, freeze-drying flour additive agent 4-6, egg-shell meal 3-5, montmorillonite 5-10, lemon oil 3-5, sodium alginate 2-4, Tricalcium phosphate 0.5-0.8, sodium selenite 0.001-0.002, salt 0.3-0.5.Feed of the invention contains needed for ovine growth The various nutrition wanted additionally provide the value of health care, improve the speed of growth of sheep while guaranteeing its health production.
Publication number: sheep forage disclosed in the invention " a kind of sheep mixed feed and preparation method thereof " of 105661055A by The raw material of following parts by weight is made: corn 30-50 parts by weight, wheat 20-30 parts by weight, fish meal 10-15 parts by weight, garlic 4- 9 parts by weight, mung bean 5-10 parts by weight, waxgourd peel 3-8 parts by weight, pomegranate seed 5-10 parts by weight, Chinese phoenix's eye fruit 3-10 parts by weight, black sesame Numb 5-10 parts by weight, Chinese chestnut 10-20 parts by weight, sophora flower 5-10 parts by weight, salt 1-3 parts by weight, soybean oil 2-5 parts by weight and feeding Feed additives 5-10 parts by weight.The beneficial effects of the present invention are: cooperation of the invention replaces especially suitable for spring and summer or autumn, no It only can effectively prevent enterotoxaemias of sheep, moreover it is possible to improve sheep disease resistance, raw material of the invention is natural products, is had The advantages such as highly-safe, drug residue free, toxic side effect.
Publication number: a kind of invention " Mutton Sheep feed and preparation method thereof containing garlic stalk " of 105394372A is public The Mutton Sheep feed containing garlic stalk opened, raw material include: soybean, peanut meal, wheat bran, garlic stalk, dry mulberry leaf, Fu Siberian cocklebur, jujube nucleus, moringa seeds, tricalcium phosphate, lecithin, taurine, glucose, salt, dry yellow rice wine.It grows and sends out rich in Mutton Sheep Various nutritional ingredients needed for the stage are educated, there is antibacterial, antiviral, removing toxic substances, improve body's immunity and other effects, it can promote to seek Material absorbing is supported, meat feed ratio is reduced, meanwhile, the disease incidence of the enterogastric diseases of Mutton Sheep significantly reduces, and the death rate reduces, and Feed concentrate-roughage ratio is suitable for, palatability is good.Publication number: a kind of invention " sheep mixed daily ration feed " of 103478482A is disclosed Sheep mixed daily ration feed, according to the physiological structure of sheep and growth require and design, using agricultural product castoff corn stover, Potato starch slag, distillers ' grains and corn, dregs of beans etc. process sheep mixed ration and close feed, are guaranteeing the same of sheep fast-growth When, agricultural product castoff is taken full advantage of, production cost is reduced.
Publication number: the invention " a kind of raising mutton in the sheep daily ration of conjugated linoleic acid and its precursor " of 101856060A is public The sheep daily ration opened solves added seed in the daily ration of the cla levels in existing raising animal meat fat There are at high cost, the problems of effect difference.The sheep daily ration of conjugated linoleic acid and its precursor is by the fluffy seed of alkali, jade in raising mutton Rice, soya-bean cake, minerals, vitamin and sheep's hay composition.The special feed resource alkali for this saline-alkali wasteland production that the present invention uses Fluffy seed, can reduce the cost of daily ration, while play the fluffy function forage grass value of alkali, produce functional mutton not only cost It is low, have great importance to human health, and be suitable for large range promotion use;The present invention improves conjugated linoleic acid in mutton And its sheep daily ration of precursor, the content of conjugated linoleic acid improves 33%-53% in mutton fatty acid, in mutton fatty acid altogether The content of conjugated linoleic acid precursor substance (t11-C18:1) improves 40%-93%.
In sheep forage disclosed in the prior art, Chinese herb feed additive is much used, use is safe, but cost is relatively inclined It is high.
Also some formulas are not scientific and reasonable enough, and fish meal, bone meal and meat meal tankage etc. have especially been used in many sheep feeds The animal derived raw material that ruminant is forbidden to use.Lysine directly applies to ruminant without coating, and digestion can be made to inhale Rate of producing effects is declined, and increased costs are caused.
Summary of the invention
Solved by the invention is the shortage of fattening period roughage resource, processing difficulties, at high cost, raising labor cost height The problems such as low with daily gain, is needed according to the physiology of Mutton Sheep, growth characteristics with the physiological requirements of 20kg-60kg stage and nutrition It asks as Major Nutrient design considerations;To improve cud health, user-friendly, reduction labor cost, the local advantage of performance Resource improves daily gain, and obtaining higher breeding income is main target, and science compounding significantly improves the feed of mutton sheep production performance Raw material and additive: Alfalfa, peanut vine, sunflower skin, dregs of beans, rumen-undegraded fat powder, DDGS, corn fiber feed, jade are used The rice plumule dregs of rice, corn protein powder, the grape pip dregs of rice, sheep fattening period compound premixed feed etc. are raw material, and preparing one kind can be effective Improve health, improves the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain.In addition inventor after years of research and found that: rumen microorganism function Normal ruminant can make full use of the phosphorus in feed, therefore unnecessary additional supplement calcium monohydrogen phosphate, can both save into This, and pollution of the phosphorus to environment can be reduced.
In order to achieve the above object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of energy saving mixed ration improving sheep daily gain, is made of the raw material for including following parts by weight:
40-45 parts of roughage, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 2-4 parts of cotton dregs, 4-6 parts of sesame seed meal, 0-5 parts of the grape pip dregs of rice, corn byproducts 22.7-39.7 parts, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, 0.1 part of rumen bypass methionine, sheep fattening period is compound 1 part of premixed feed, 0.1 part of complex enzyme formulation, 0.1 part of the prebiotic factor;
The roughage is at least one of Alfalfa, peanut vine seedling, sunflower skin;
The corn byproducts are at least one of DDGS, corn germ cake, corn fiber feed;
The prebiotic factor is yeast culture, is produced by Shinco, the U.S.;
Preferably, the mass ratio of the complex enzyme formulation forms are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: wood Dextranase=10-15:5-7:20-30:1-3:2-5.
Preferably, the sheep fattening period compound premixed feed is the production of Liaoning He Feng animal husbandry Co., Ltd, product is main Ingredient and content are as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg;Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A 250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/kg.
Grape pip contains various amino acid abundant, vitamin and minerals etc., have it is anti-oxidant, lighten the stain, reduce it is black Pigment, skin whitening reduce wrinkle, delay senescence, the antianaphylactic effect of anticancer.
Grape pip is rich in a large amount of polyphenols, linoleic acid, amino acid, multivitamin, crude fat, microelement Deng being the good source of essential fatty acids linoleic, flavones and resveratrol.Wherein, polyphenols procyanidins (OPC) For main matter, there is superpower oxidation resistance, be 50 times of vitamin E, be ascorbic 20 times.It can remove mistake in vivo More free radicals, oxidation resistance have obtained internationally recognized.Currently, the grape pip dregs of rice have been widely used in feed, not only A large amount of grain has been saved, and has significantly improved economic benefit.
The grape pip dregs of rice are mainly used for feeding herbivore, such as milk cow, beef cattle, sheep, rabbit, pig, chicken, duck, goose, have significant Effect and effect.But traditional grape pip dregs of rice mostly use the discarded grape pip of fermented grape after drinking, then with the methods of squeezing Resulting by-product after liquefaction.The loss of its nutriment is serious, it is often more important that also contain a large amount of tannin inferior in grape, Mouthfeel is bitter, will affect the palatability of feed for feed, and then influence the feed intake of animal, seriously limits the grape pip dregs of rice and exist The popularization and application of aquaculture simultaneously limit its usage amount.
Preferably, in order to solve the above problems existing in the present technology, the grape pip dregs of rice of the present invention are by including following step Rapid method preparation:
After grape pip is crushed, the soft water of 12-16 times of grape pip weight is added, and grape pip weight 0.5-0.8% is added Pumpkin seed powder, after mixing under the conditions of ultrasonic power 500w, 30 DEG C of ultrasonic temperature, ultrasonic wave auxiliary reflux extract 30- 60min, ultrasonication is compartment in extraction process, every ultrasonic treatment 3-5min stopping 1-2min, then is surpassed next time Sonication;After extraction adjust pH value be 4.5-5, be added dosage be 2000-3000u/g grape pip mixed enzyme, 45-50 DEG C Enzymatic hydrolysis 90-120min obtains enzymolysis liquid after 95 DEG C of processing 1-3min enzyme deactivations;
The mixed enzyme is neutral proteinase, pectase, hemicellulase and cellulase by 5-6:2-3:1-2:3-4's Mass ratio mixing.The grape pip dregs of rice are spray-dried or are freeze-dried and to obtain after filtering;
Preferably, jelly powder is added in enzymolysis liquid, additional amount 0.08-0.12g/L is sufficiently stirred, after standing 3-4h It refilters.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of preparation methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, including following step It is rapid:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, is crushed according to meat sheep feed processing method, peanut seedling vine, sunflower Skin, alfalfa meal are broken to 3-5mm length, other raw materials are crushed to 4.0mm.It is arrogant to small in parts by weight to sequentially add each raw material It is uniformly mixed, makes the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, be passed through steam modulation while mixing 4% molasses of penetrating, pass through Holland PTN company BOA compressor squeezes, and subsequently enters granulator, is pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, is cut to 6-10mm length.Into Enter cooling tower and is cooled to temperature not higher than+5 DEG C of room temperature to get the energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of application methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, in Mutton Sheep The 20kg-60kg stage uses, and daily ration of the present invention need to cooperate corn is synchronous to use, and a point morning and evening feeds twice, wait day of the invention of searching for food After grain 80%, whole kernel corn is fed.Every daily feeding daily ration 0.7-0.8kg of the present invention, corn scale of feeding (kg) is sheep body Weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg.Corn scale of feeding is gradually increased with body weight increase.
Beneficial effect
Current sheep fattening diet is required to raiser and prepares roughage, but is not institute due to the limitation of cultivation scale Some farms are equipped with professional.Since corn is to use the conventional raw material of many years in cultivation industry, plantation is extensive, The variations of chemical constituents in maize difference of different places plantation is little, and raiser guarantees maize raw material for how to choose qualified corn Quality, experience is relatively abundant, can guarantee substantially.And other roughage region are stronger, various raw material nutrition differences Bigger, raiser selects according to the characteristics of respective locating region with experience, is not easy to guarantee the standardization of nutrition, cannot be well Guarantee the production requirement of Fattening Sheep.And the problems such as being easy to happen mildew, unstable quality, the final quality for influencing daily ration.
The present invention on the basis of finding problem above, corn and other roughage raw materials is treated with a certain discrimination, corn It is voluntarily purchased by raiser, and other roughages is standardized.Mixed ration of the present invention is graininess, and client only needs in locality Corn is chosen, does not need voluntarily to purchase other roughages.Using simple, saving labour, solves roughage and purchase problem, reduce Cultivation risk keeps feed nutrition more scientific, more rationally, and it is low to can be realized sheep arbor acre broiler, greatly improves raiser's profitability Effect;It is very suitable to promote and apply.
Product of the present invention is different from market similar products, is agent for rearing and fattening meat sheep fully mixed diet, is free of jade in product of the present invention Rice, client can not needed to crush, Direct-fed mutton sheep, be saved crush maize, granulation, traffic expense using local whole kernel corn With keeping fattening cost lower.More meet the rule that corn usage amount during fattening ramps simultaneously.Meet the nutrition of mutton sheep It needs.
Alfalfa: clover is famous with " King of Pasture ", and yield is high, and sheep is fond of, and nutritive value is very high, has clear taste, benefit The effect of intestine and small intestine, lower vesical calculus.It is the most abundant plant of vitamin K content.Other are as also quite abundant such as vitamin C, B. Alfalfa gross protein value 16%-18%, crude fat content 0.67%-1.2%, nitrogen-free extracts 35.4-38%, crude fibre 34-41% is good forage grass source;
Peanut vine seedling: measuring according to analysis, and 12.9% thick protein, 2% crude fat, 46.8% carbon are contained in peanut vine cauline leaf Hydrate, wherein the gross protein value of peanut leaf is up to 20%.For digestible protein, 1 kilogram of climing seedling of dry peanut Containing 70 grams of digestible protein or so, also contain 17 grams of calcium, 7 grams of phosphorus.Gross protein value in peanut vine seedling is pea seedling 1.6 times, 6 times of straw.The energy that livestock and poultry 1 kilogram of peanut vine seedling of feeding generates is equivalent to energy caused by 0.6 kilogram of barley. 300 kilograms of peanut vine just can be obtained in general 300 kilograms of peanuts of real estate per acre, is then equivalent to 180 kilograms greatly for feeding domestic animal The feeding effect of wheat.Peanut vine is not only full of nutrition, but also cheap quality is soft, and sheep is only fond of;
Dregs of beans, gross protein value 43%, urease activity (in terms of ammoniacal nitrogen)≤0.3% meet feed Soybean Meal National standard (GB/T19541-2004);
Rumen-undegraded fat powder, crude fat content >=99%.
Contain procyanidine (OPC) in grape pip, there is superpower oxidation resistance, cell division and tissue can be stimulated again It is raw, cells of superficial layer is activated, is delayed senescence.Grape seed extract has the function of anticancer, anti-liver neoplasm.As feed addictive It uses, can significantly improve immunity of livestock, promote liver cell regeneration, and the raising of livestock and poultry liver function, life can be significantly improved Performance is produced, there is protection gastric mucosa, prevent and treat gastritis, repairs the effect of injured intestinal tissue.Added with conducive to gastrointestinal tract in feed Disease changes, and to prevention gland ventriculitis, it is beneficial to improve efficiency of feed utilization.In oenothera biennis be rich in various unsaturated fatty acids, magnesium, Zinc, copper, injection Vitamin B_6, B6、B5Equal size is also relatively abundanter.
The grape pip dregs of rice that the present invention uses ad hoc approach to prepare act synergistically with other compositions, can reduce antibiotic It uses, is of great significance to the preventive care of mutton sheep.It can be improved mutton sheep immunity, improve breeding environment, and have one Fixed anti-stress effect.For improving feed digestion absorptivity, improving mutton sheep enteron aisle function has positive effect.There is antibacterial simultaneously The effect of anti-feed toxin liver protecting.Especially a certain amount of pumpkin seed powder, south are added in the enzymatic hydrolysis preparation process of the grape pip dregs of rice Contain carrotene, albumen matter, zinc and vitamin A, B in melon seeds1、B2Multiple nutritional components necessary to equal human bodies, can promote The activity of various enzymes brings unexpected effect to grape pip enzymolysis efficiency is improved.And digest after be added gelatin stand after after Filter can remove the part poor quality tannin in grape pip enzymolysis liquid, reduce influence of the tannin inferior to feed mouthfeel, can also improve Feed appearance improves palatability.
In conclusion physilogical characteristics and nutritional need of the present invention according to the Mutton Sheep 20kg-60kg stage, from raw material and Additive is started with using equal comprehensive nutrients measure, and above-mentioned raw materials are arranged in pairs or groups according to a certain percentage, and each raw material synergistic effect increases each other Effect can promote cud healthy, guarantee that the mutton sheep various aspects health status of feeding is good, Antioxidative Factors enrichment, to reach It improves weight gain and reduces the purpose of cost, higher economic value can be created for Mutton Sheep cultivation.
The present invention can significantly improve Sheep Fattening phase health status, and acid poisoning Lethal cases are 0, control calculus incidence Within 1%, sheep daily gain level is improved to 310g, 1000 livestock on hand farms can save 1 people of labour, significantly improve sheep Fatten field economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is described below by specific embodiment.Unless stated otherwise, technological means used in the present invention It is method known in those skilled in the art.In addition, embodiment is interpreted as illustrative, it is not intended to limit the present invention Range, the spirit and scope of the invention are limited only by the claims that follow.
Embodiment 1
A kind of energy saving mixed ration improving sheep daily gain, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
20 parts of Alfalfa, 10 parts of peanut vine seedling, 15 parts of sunflower skin, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 6 parts of sesame seed meal, 2 parts of cotton dregs, zein fiber 12.7 parts of feed, 20 parts of corn germ cake, 1 part of the grape pip dregs of rice, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, cross tumor 0.1 part of stomach methionine, 1 part of sheep fattening period compound premixed feed, 1 part of slow-release carbamide, 1 part of ammonium chloride, complex enzyme formulation 0.1 Part, 0.1 part of yeast culture;
The yeast culture is Shinco, U.S. product;
The mass ratio of the complex enzyme formulation forms are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: zytase= 12:6:25:2:4。
The sheep fattening period compound premixed feed is Beijing Sanyuan Hefeng Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.'s production, product main component And content is as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg;Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/kg.
The grape pip dregs of rice are prepared by the method included the following steps:
After grape pip is crushed, 14 times of grape pip weight of soft water is added, and the pumpkin seeds of grape pip weight 0.6% are added Powder, after mixing under the conditions of ultrasonic power 500w, 30 DEG C of ultrasonic temperature, ultrasonic wave auxiliary reflux extracts 45min, in extraction process Ultrasonication is compartment, and every ultrasonic treatment 4min stops 1min, then is ultrasonically treated next time;It is adjusted after extraction PH value is 4.8, mixed enzyme of the addition dosage for 2500u/g grape pip, 48 DEG C of enzymatic hydrolysis 100min, after 95 DEG C of processing 3min enzyme deactivations, Obtain enzymolysis liquid;
The mixed enzyme is that neutral proteinase, pectase, hemicellulase and cellulase are mixed by the mass ratio of 6:3:2:4 It closes.
Jelly powder is added in enzymolysis liquid, additional amount 0.10g/L is sufficiently stirred, and stands 4h, is freeze-dried after filtering The grape pip dregs of rice;
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of preparation methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, including following step It is rapid:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, selects beater disintegrating machine, 75KW power crushes peanut vine seedling, sunflower Skin, Alfalfa to 3mm-5mm length, put into feedstuff storehouse, other raw materials put into raw material cabin after screening out iron, pass through calculating Machine system is controlled according to Formulation Implementation automatic gauge ingredient, and after weighing, all raw materials are sieved through 4.0mm, and it is mixed that screenings enters band Storehouse is closed, oversize enters pulverizer and is crushed to 4.0mm.After crushing, enters mixing machine jointly with screenings, mixes 120S, Make the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, is passed through steam modulation while mixing 4% molasses of penetrating, pass through Dutch PTN company BOA compressor squeezes, and subsequently enters granulator, is pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, is cut to 8mm length.It is cold into cooling tower But to temperature not higher than a kind of+5 DEG C of the room temperature energy saving mixed rations to get raising sheep daily gain.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of application methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, in Mutton Sheep body Great to use in 20kg, this product need to cooperate corn is synchronous to use, and point feed twice sooner or later, wait search for food after 80%, feed whole grain jade Rice.Daily feeding this product 0.7-0.8kg, corn scale of feeding (kg) are sheep weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg.Corn feeding Amount is gradually increased with body weight increase.
Embodiment 2
A kind of energy saving mixed ration improving sheep daily gain, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
25 parts of Alfalfa, 15 parts of peanut vine seedling, 5 parts of sunflower skin, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 5 parts of sesame seed meal, 2 parts of cotton dregs, the grape pip dregs of rice 5 Part, 10 parts of corn fiber feed, 17.7 parts of corn germ cake, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, rumen bypass 0.1 part of methionine, 1 part of sheep fattening period compound premixed feed, 1 part of ammonium chloride, 0.1 part of complex enzyme formulation, yeast culture 0.1 Part;
The yeast culture is Shinco, U.S. product;
The mass ratio of the complex enzyme formulation forms are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: zytase= 12:6:25:2:4。
The sheep fattening period compound premixed feed is the production of Liaoning He Feng animal husbandry Co., Ltd, product main component and is contained It measures as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg;Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/kg.
The grape pip dregs of rice are prepared by the method included the following steps:
After grape pip is crushed, 14 times of grape pip weight of soft water is added, and the pumpkin seeds of grape pip weight 0.6% are added Powder, after mixing under the conditions of ultrasonic power 500w, 30 DEG C of ultrasonic temperature, ultrasonic wave auxiliary reflux extracts 45min, in extraction process Ultrasonication is compartment, and every ultrasonic treatment 4min stops 1min, then is ultrasonically treated next time;It is adjusted after extraction PH value is 4.8, mixed enzyme of the addition dosage for 2500u/g grape pip, 48 DEG C of enzymatic hydrolysis 100min, after 95 DEG C of processing 3min enzyme deactivations, Obtain enzymolysis liquid;
The mixed enzyme is that neutral proteinase, pectase, hemicellulase and cellulase are mixed by the mass ratio of 6:3:2:4 It closes.
Jelly powder is added in enzymolysis liquid, additional amount 0.10g/L is sufficiently stirred, and stands 4h, is freeze-dried after filtering The grape pip dregs of rice;
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of preparation methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, including following step It is rapid:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, selects beater disintegrating machine, 75KW power crushes peanut vine seedling, sunflower Skin, Alfalfa to 3mm-5mm length, put into feedstuff storehouse, other raw materials put into raw material cabin after screening out iron, pass through calculating Machine system is controlled according to Formulation Implementation automatic gauge ingredient, and after weighing, all raw materials are sieved through 4.0mm, and it is mixed that screenings enters band Storehouse is closed, oversize enters pulverizer and is crushed to 4.0mm.After crushing, enters mixing machine jointly with screenings, mixes 120S, Make the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, is passed through steam modulation while mixing 4% molasses of penetrating, pass through Dutch PTN company BOA compressor squeezes, and subsequently enters granulator, is pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, is cut to 8mm length.It is cold into cooling tower But to temperature not higher than a kind of+5 DEG C of the room temperature energy saving mixed rations to get raising sheep daily gain.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of application methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, in Mutton Sheep The 20kg-60kg stage uses, and this product need to cooperate corn is synchronous to use, and point feeds twice sooner or later, wait search for food after 80%, feeds whole grain Corn.Daily feeding this product 0.7-0.8kg, corn scale of feeding (kg) are sheep weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg.Corn is raised The amount of feeding is gradually increased with body weight increase.
Embodiment 3
A kind of energy saving mixed ration improving sheep daily gain, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
15 parts of Alfalfa, 20 parts of peanut vine seedling, 10 parts of sunflower skin, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 5 parts of sesame seed meal, 2 parts of cotton dregs, zein fiber 18.7 parts of feed, 15 parts of corn germ cake, 3 parts of the grape pip dregs of rice, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, cross tumor 0.1 part of stomach methionine, 1 part of sheep fattening period compound premixed feed, 1 part of slow-release carbamide, 1 part of ammonium chloride, complex enzyme formulation 0.1 Part, 0.1 part of yeast culture;
The yeast culture is Shinco, U.S. product;
The mass ratio of the complex enzyme formulation forms are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: zytase= 12:6:25:2:4。
The sheep fattening period compound premixed feed is Beijing Sanyuan Hefeng Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.'s production, product main component And content is as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg;Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/kg.
The grape pip dregs of rice are prepared by the method included the following steps:
After grape pip is crushed, 14 times of grape pip weight of soft water is added, and the pumpkin seeds of grape pip weight 0.6% are added Powder, after mixing under the conditions of ultrasonic power 500w, 30 DEG C of ultrasonic temperature, ultrasonic wave auxiliary reflux extracts 45min, in extraction process Ultrasonication is compartment, and every ultrasonic treatment 4min stops 1min, then is ultrasonically treated next time;It is adjusted after extraction PH value is 4.8, mixed enzyme of the addition dosage for 2500u/g grape pip, 48 DEG C of enzymatic hydrolysis 100min, after 95 DEG C of processing 3min enzyme deactivations, Obtain enzymolysis liquid;
The mixed enzyme is that neutral proteinase, pectase, hemicellulase and cellulase are mixed by the mass ratio of 6:3:2:4 It closes.
Jelly powder is added in enzymolysis liquid, additional amount 0.10g/L is sufficiently stirred, and stands 4h, is freeze-dried after filtering The grape pip dregs of rice;
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of preparation methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, including following step It is rapid:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, selects beater disintegrating machine, 75KW power crushes peanut vine seedling, sunflower Skin, Alfalfa to 3mm-5mm length, put into feedstuff storehouse, other raw materials put into raw material cabin after screening out iron, pass through calculating Machine system is controlled according to Formulation Implementation automatic gauge ingredient, and after weighing, all raw materials are sieved through 4.0mm, and it is mixed that screenings enters band Storehouse is closed, oversize enters pulverizer and is crushed to 4.0mm.After crushing, enters mixing machine jointly with screenings, mixes 120S, Make the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, is passed through steam modulation while mixing 4% molasses of penetrating, pass through Dutch PTN company BOA compressor squeezes, and subsequently enters granulator, is pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, is cut to 8mm length.It is cold into cooling tower But to temperature not higher than a kind of+5 DEG C of the room temperature energy saving mixed rations to get raising sheep daily gain.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of application methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, in Mutton Sheep body Great to use in 20kg, this product need to cooperate corn is synchronous to use, and point feed twice sooner or later, wait search for food after 80%, feed whole grain jade Rice.Daily feeding this product 0.7-0.8kg, corn scale of feeding (kg) are sheep weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg.Corn feeding Amount is gradually increased with body weight increase.
Embodiment 4
A kind of energy saving mixed ration improving sheep daily gain, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
10 parts of Alfalfa, 25 parts of peanut vine seedling, 7 parts of sunflower skin, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 6 parts of sesame seed meal, 2 parts of cotton dregs, zein fiber 20 parts of feed, 15.7 parts of corn germ cake, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, rumen bypass methionine 0.1 Part, 1 part of sheep fattening period compound premixed feed, 1 part of slow-release carbamide, 1 part of ammonium chloride, 0.1 part of complex enzyme formulation, yeast culture 0.1 part;
The yeast culture is Shinco, U.S. product;
The mass ratio of the complex enzyme formulation forms are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: zytase= 12:6:25:2:4。
The sheep fattening period compound premixed feed is Beijing Sanyuan Hefeng Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.'s production, product main component And content is as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg;Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/kg.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of preparation methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, including following step It is rapid:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, selects beater disintegrating machine, 75KW power crushes peanut vine seedling, sunflower Skin, Alfalfa to 3mm-5mm length, put into feedstuff storehouse, other raw materials put into raw material cabin after screening out iron, pass through calculating Machine system is controlled according to Formulation Implementation automatic gauge ingredient, and after weighing, all raw materials are sieved through 4.0mm, and it is mixed that screenings enters band Storehouse is closed, oversize enters pulverizer and is crushed to 4.0mm.After crushing, enters mixing machine jointly with screenings, mixes 120S, Make the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, is passed through steam modulation while mixing 4% molasses of penetrating, pass through Dutch PTN company BOA compressor squeezes, and subsequently enters granulator, is pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, is cut to 8mm length.It is cold into cooling tower But to temperature not higher than a kind of+5 DEG C of the room temperature energy saving mixed rations to get raising sheep daily gain.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of application methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, in Mutton Sheep body Great to use in 20kg, this product need to cooperate corn is synchronous to use, and point feed twice sooner or later, wait search for food after 80%, feed whole grain jade Rice.Daily feeding this product 0.7-0.8kg, corn scale of feeding (kg) are sheep weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg.Corn feeding Amount is gradually increased with body weight increase.
Embodiment 5
A kind of energy saving mixed ration improving sheep daily gain, is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight:
5 parts of Alfalfa, 25 parts of peanut vine seedling, 10 parts of sunflower skin, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 6 parts of sesame seed meal, 2 parts of cotton dregs, zein fiber 20 parts of feed, 19.7 parts of corn germ cake, 3 parts of the grape pip dregs of rice, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, cross tumor 0.1 part of stomach methionine, 1 part of sheep fattening period compound premixed feed, 1 part of slow-release carbamide, 1 part of ammonium chloride, complex enzyme formulation 0.1 Part, 0.1 part of yeast culture;
The yeast culture is Shinco, U.S. product;
The mass ratio of the complex enzyme formulation forms are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: zytase= 12:6:25:2:4。
The sheep fattening period compound premixed feed is Beijing Sanyuan Hefeng Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd.'s production, product main component And content is as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg;Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/kg.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of preparation methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, including following step It is rapid:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, selects beater disintegrating machine, 75KW power crushes peanut vine seedling, sunflower Skin, Alfalfa to 3mm-5mm length, put into feedstuff storehouse, other raw materials put into raw material cabin after screening out iron, pass through calculating Machine system is controlled according to Formulation Implementation automatic gauge ingredient, and after weighing, all raw materials are sieved through 4.0mm, and it is mixed that screenings enters band Storehouse is closed, oversize enters pulverizer and is crushed to 4.0mm.After crushing, enters mixing machine jointly with screenings, mixes 120S, Make the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, is passed through steam modulation while mixing 4% molasses of penetrating, pass through Dutch PTN company BOA compressor squeezes, and subsequently enters granulator, is pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, is cut to 8mm length.It is cold into cooling tower But to temperature not higher than a kind of+5 DEG C of the room temperature energy saving mixed rations to get raising sheep daily gain.
Present invention simultaneously provides a kind of application methods of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, in Mutton Sheep body Great to use in 20kg, this product need to cooperate corn is synchronous to use, and point feed twice sooner or later, wait search for food after 80%, feed whole grain jade Rice.Daily feeding this product 0.7-0.8kg, corn scale of feeding (kg) are sheep weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg.Corn feeding Amount is gradually increased with body weight increase.
Test example:
The energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, the influence to Mutton Sheep production performance
1 test material and method
1.1 test periods 2017 on May 7 ,-September 17 days, formal test period are 130 days, and wherein pre-feeding period is 7 days.
1.2 test sites: Hebei province, Funing County, Qinhuangdao
2. experimental design: test sheep use 720 Small-fat-tail sheep rams, average weight 20kg, be divided into the present invention group with it is right According to organizing 3 groups, every group of 6 repetitions, 40 sheep of each repetition.
2.1 feeding methods: feeding intake by hand, twice daily, is freely eaten, weight feed corn;Free water, water temperature 15- 21℃。
2.2 sheep hurdles: longitudinal ventilation, temperature are 19-25 DEG C.
2.3 Testing index
2.3.1 weight gain performance index: initially with terminate weight;
2.3.2 feed intake;
3. test result: being shown in Table 1
1 present invention of table influences Mutton Sheep weight gain performance
Conclusion: control group daily ration is that commercially available sales volume is bigger, the good fully mixed diet of customer evaluation.The results show that In degree easy to use, in terms of labor cost, relatively.Fully mixed diet control group may be opposite due to energy level It is lower, so obtaining maximum feed intake in each group.In experimentation, 1% urinary calculus occurs for control group, other implementation groups do not have Occur.In actual production, ram growing and fattening is fast, and the price of deed is high, and urinary calculus is the problem of ram fattening is primarily captured, urine knot After stone occurs, treatment difficulty is big, costly, and general processing scheme is to stop fattening to eliminate, and culturing economic is caused to lose.Control group In test the 82nd day, 1 unknown cause death occurs, other group of sheep is only healthy.Each embodiment group of daily gain is superior to control group, Wherein embodiment 2 is with 0.31kg daily gain, hence it is evident that is better than other embodiments and control group, absolutely proves that feed of the present invention can mention High daily gain.In 100 days full distance test phases, embodiment feeds each group of daily ration and corn mixture of the present invention, compared to the control group, Feed input cost is lower.Fattening Sheep per kilogram arbor acre broiler is below control group, wherein 2 groups of arbor acre broilers 10.93 of embodiment Member/kg, compared with 12.52 yuan/kg of control group, difference is especially pronounced.Embodiment each group Fattening Sheep breeding income is all larger than control Group, wherein being higher by especially with 2 groups of every sheep breeding income highests of embodiment (269.24 yuan /) than control group (204.28 yuan /) 64.96 yuan/sheep, breeding income improves 31.8%.It is calculated with 2000 scales, the annual net profit that cultivates will increase from 1,200,000 yuan To 1,600,000 yuan, 400,000 yuan of annual breeding income net increase can greatly improve cultivation profit, have wide application space.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain, is made of the raw material for including following parts by weight:
40-45 parts of roughage, 4 parts of dregs of beans, 2-4 parts of cotton dregs, 4-6 parts of sesame seed meal, 0-5 parts of the grape pip dregs of rice, corn byproducts 22.7- 39.7 parts, 5 parts of mountain flour, 0.5 part of salt, 1 part of rumen-undegraded fat powder, 0.1 part of rumen bypass methionine, sheep fattening period compound premixing closes 1 part of feed, 0.1 part of complex enzyme formulation, 0.1 part of the prebiotic factor.
2. according to claim 1 improve sheep daily gain energy saving mixed ration, which is characterized in that the grape pip dregs of rice by The method preparation included the following steps:
After grape pip is crushed, the soft water of 12-16 times of grape pip weight is added, and the south of grape pip weight 0.5-0.8% is added Melon seeds powder, after mixing under the conditions of ultrasonic power 500w, 30 DEG C of ultrasonic temperature, ultrasonic wave auxiliary reflux extracts 30-60min, mentions Ultrasonication is compartment during taking, and every ultrasonic treatment 3-5min stops 1-2min, then is ultrasonically treated next time;It mentions It is 4.5-5 that pH value is adjusted after taking, and the mixed enzyme that dosage is 2000-3000u/g grape pip, 45-50 DEG C of enzymatic hydrolysis 90- is added 120min obtains enzymolysis liquid after 95 DEG C of processing 1-3min enzyme deactivations;
The mixed enzyme is the quality that neutral proteinase, pectase, hemicellulase and cellulase press 5-6:2-3:1-2:3-4 Than mixing;The grape pip dregs of rice are spray-dried or are freeze-dried and to obtain after filtering.
3. improving the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain according to claim 2, which is characterized in that be added in enzymolysis liquid Jelly powder, additional amount 0.08-0.12g/L, is sufficiently stirred, and refilters after standing 3-4h.
4. improving the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the complex enzyme formulation Mass ratio composition are as follows: protease: pectase: cellulase: lipase: zytase=10-15:5-7:20-30:1-3:2- 5。
5. improving the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the sheep fattening period is multiple Premixed feed is closed, main component and content are as follows: copper 800mg/kg;Zinc 4800mg/kg;Manganese 4000mg/kg;Selenium 32mg/kg; Cobalt 50mg/kg;Vitamin A 250000IU/kg;Vitamin D328000IU/kg;Vitamin E 1600mg/kg;Calcium 200g/ kg。
6. improving the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the roughage is lucerne At least one of Mu grass, peanut vine seedling, sunflower skin.
7. improving the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the corn byproducts For at least one of DDGS, corn germ cake, corn fiber feed.
8. improving the energy saving mixed ration of sheep daily gain according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the prebiotic factor is Yeast culture.
9. the method for preparing any energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain of claim 1-8, comprising the following steps:
Each component raw material is accurately weighed according to formula, roughage is crushed to 3-5mm length, other raw materials are crushed to 4.0mm;By weight Amount number is arrogant to small to be sequentially added each raw material and is uniformly mixed, and is made the coefficient of variation≤10%, into modulator, is passed through steam and modulates It mixes simultaneously and sprays into 4% molasses, after compressor squeezes, pelletized by the aperture 6.0mm ring film, be cut to 6-10mm length;It is cooling To temperature not higher than 5 DEG C of room temperature to get the energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain.
10. the application method of any energy saving mixed ration for improving sheep daily gain of claim 1-8, in Mutton Sheep The 20kg-60kg stage cooperates corn is synchronous to use, and a point morning and evening feeds twice, after daily ration 80% of the present invention of searching for food, feeds whole grain Corn;Every Mutton Sheep feeds daily ration 0.7-0.8kg of the present invention daily, corn scale of feeding (kg) be sheep weight (kg) × 0.033-0.35kg。
CN201811373614.9A 2018-11-19 2018-11-19 A kind of energy saving mixed ration and preparation method thereof improving sheep daily gain Pending CN109480102A (en)

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CN110074268A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-02 兰州大学 A kind of low ratio High-Forage Diets and preparation method thereof promoting fattening lamb weight gain
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CN110074268A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-02 兰州大学 A kind of low ratio High-Forage Diets and preparation method thereof promoting fattening lamb weight gain
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CN113854421A (en) * 2021-09-15 2021-12-31 鞍山市腾鳌东鹏饲料有限公司 Novel animal ruminant feed and preparation method thereof
CN115316517A (en) * 2022-05-20 2022-11-11 安徽科技学院 Fully mixed feed for improving mutton sheep fattening effect

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