CN107821327A - A kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig Download PDF

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CN107821327A
CN107821327A CN201711306771.3A CN201711306771A CN107821327A CN 107821327 A CN107821327 A CN 107821327A CN 201711306771 A CN201711306771 A CN 201711306771A CN 107821327 A CN107821327 A CN 107821327A
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罗国辉
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罗国辉
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/189Enzymes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/22Compounds of alkali metals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/26Compounds containing phosphorus
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/28Silicates, e.g. perlites, zeolites or bentonites
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/30Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for swines
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/60Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for weanlings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig, Yorkshire, the tri-crossbreeding of long Bai Yu great water ouzels pig are chosen as pig kind, piglet is raised to 25kg according to a conventional method, divide again it is small in big three phases deliver for sale when raising to 160 kilograms, breeding cycle is controlled in 270~300 ages in days, Chinese herb feed additive substitute antibiotics are used three raising stages, part corn is substituted with barley and fry starch of konjak, the back-fat thickness of pig and the deposition of stomach fat are reduced, improves the hardness and fusing point of pork fat.The air-dried fermented meat processed with the pork has three features:Retentiveness is good, fatty hardness is big, fusing point is high, and finished product will not permeability;The marble grain of meat is obvious, muscle fat is more, dry matter content is high, finished product flavor foot;Drug residue free.With preferable economic benefit and social benefit.

Description

A kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultural method technical field of pig, more particularly to a kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig.
Background technology
Fermentation meat product refers to that livestock and poultry meat is inoculated with beneficial microorganism fermentation under the conditions of nature and manual control environment And being formed has flavour, color and luster and quality, and a kind of meat products with compared with long storage life, mainly including ferment sausage Such product is also fallen within the fermentation dry-cured ham such as the major class of ham two, the Jinhua ham and Xuanwei ham in China.Livestock and poultry meat passes through Beneficial microbe breeding fermentation, improves the activity of enzyme in meat, protein and fat produced in the presence of enzyme it is a large amount of it is active because Son, while produce the aromatic substances such as a large amount of amino acid, ketone, aldehyde, alcohol, hydrocarbon, make product that there is special flavor, in fermented meat Active factors and beneficial microbe can improve human consumption's absorptivity and immunity;Amino acid, ketone, aldehyde, alcohol, hydrocarbon in fermented meat Deng aromatic substance, make product that there is special flavor, it is deep to be favored by consumers in general.Fermented meat is referred to as in meat products " imperial crown ", be a kind of high-end traditional health food in European and American developed countries' fermentation meat product, and have been enter into industrialized aquaculture, have Standby suitable scale, recent year also carry out exploitation cultivation in introducing equipment and technology.
Fermentation meat product requirement raw material pig is 55%~65% without using antibiotic, healthy disease-free, no drug residue, lean meat percentage; Raw meat retentiveness is strong, aqueous few, and dry matter content is high, intramuscular fat content more than 4%, meat-like flavor foot;Fatty white, there is light Pool, fusing point is high, i.e., saturated fatty acid content is high, prevents converted products permeability phenomenon.Good raw material pig can make fermentation meat product Fermentation it is more abundant, the flavor and external form sense organ, Shelf-life of finished product can be effectively improved, at the same ensure meat products quality pacify Entirely.
The Ministry of Agriculture was formally obtained in Qujing City of Yunnan Province Fuyuan County great river town in big water ouzel pig, original producton location on 2 27th, 2003 It is approved as national new varieties." binary is miscellaneous " sow that big water ouzel pig sow cultivates out with the hybridization of long white race boar, then with greatly " ternary is miscellaneous " that the hybridization of York herd boar cultivates out have fattening performance is good, weightening is fast, lean meat percentage and intramuscular fat content are high, The thin thin skin of bone, Fresh & Tender in Texture, dressing percentge are big, pickle percentage of water loss distinguishing feature, suitable processing high grade Yunnan ham and the fermented meat such as low Product.The good characteristics such as have the fast speed of growth, resistance to thick feedings, strong stress resistance, farrowing more simultaneously, are particularly suitable for farmers' and raise.
Konjaku You Cheng Amorphophalus rivieris, it is the herbaceos perennial of Araeceae Amorphophallus.China's Amorphophallus Resources enrich, and have more than 20 Kind.Yunnan shares konjaku kind 17, accounts for the 63% of national Amorphophallus germ plasm resource.Fry starch of konjak is the processing in konjaku powder During, descend slowly and lightly to the small fine powder of the in light weight of surrounding, particle.Caused by-product during fry starch of konjak is processed as konjaku powder Product, account for the 30%~40% of konjaku flour quality.The Principle components analysis of Yunnan Province Fuyuan County fry starch of konjak is shown, containing crude protein 21.3%th, soluble sugar 8.59%, starch 22.81%, crude fibre 2.5%, crude fat 0.2%, and to micro necessary to people and animals Elemental iron, zinc, copper, manganese and glucomannans etc..With the development of konjaku processing industry, substantial amounts of fry starch of konjak is produced, resource is rich Richness, it is cheap.Fry starch of konjak has compared with the rational nutritional ingredient of horn of plenty, but has some ANFs simultaneously, mainly Trimethylamine, alkaloid and tannin etc., absorbing for nutritional ingredient, and foul smelling taste and peppery puckery mouthfeel are have impact on, is also influenceed Its palatability as feed.
Barley is one of China's Major Cereal, and Yunnan is the feed barley cultivation base of Largest In China, long-term cultivated area For 11.4 ten thousand hectares.Hull-less barley nutritive value is high, and there are some researches show barley substitutes life of the corn to each growth period pig in diet Long performance and carcass quality have an impact.Band barley crude fiber content is higher, and up to 4.8%, SNSP content is high, wherein Xylan 7.6%, beta glucan 4.3%, cellulose 3.9%.The crude fibre and SNSP of high content have impact on barley work For the nutritive value of feed.Barley peel it is higher for feed aquaculture cost, also produce part broken kernel, cause to be not easy to store up Deposit, nutrition oxidational losses, mould growth the problems such as.
Therefore, local pig breed and crop genetic resource are made full use of, researchs and develops a kind of pork dry raw material pig of cost-effective Cultural method is desirability.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to utilize local pig breed and crop genetic resource, further Optimal culture method, there is provided Yi Zhongcheng The cultural method of this suitable pork dry raw material pig.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this, the cultural method of the pork dry raw material pig be choose Yorkshire, it is long in vain with The tri-crossbreeding of big water ouzel pig is raised according to the following steps as pig kind after piglet is raised to 25kg according to a conventional method:
1) the small swine rearing stage:Using containing in every 1000 kilograms, 540 kilograms of corn, 16 kilograms of wheat bran, barley 150 are public Jin, corn -60 kilograms of fry starch of konjak puff, 190 kilograms of dregs of beans, 7 kilograms of 70% lysine, 1.6 kilograms of threonine, methionine 1.4 kilograms, 8.3 kilograms of stone flour, 14 kilograms of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 3.5 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2.5 kilograms of B B-complex, compound micro member Element 2.5 kilograms, 1 kilogram of 50% Choline Chloride, 0.2 kilogram of complex enzyme formulation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, The feed that 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive is raised to the piggy that body weight is 25 kilograms to 45 kilograms;
2) the swine rearing stage in:Using in every 1000 kilograms contain 520 kilograms of corn, 200 kilograms of barley, corn-konjaku Fly 80 kilograms of powder puff, 164 kilograms of dregs of beans, 5.5 kilograms of 70% lysine, 1 kilogram of threonine, 0.5 kilogram of methionine, stone flour 7.3 kilograms, 11 kilograms of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 3.5 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2 kilograms of B B-complex, 2 kilograms of composite trace element, 50% chlorine Change 1 kilogram of choline, 0.2 kilogram of complex enzyme formulation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive Feed be that 45 kilograms to 85 kilograms of middle pig is raised to body weight;
3) the big swine rearing stage:Using in every 1000 kilograms contain 464 kilograms of corn, 250 kilograms of barley, corn-konjaku Fly powder puff 120 kg, 135 kilograms of dregs of beans, 4 kilograms of 70% lysine, 0.4 kilogram of threonine, 8 kilograms of stone flour, phosphoric acid hydrogen It is 8 kilograms of calcium, 3.4 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2 kilograms of B B-complex, 2 kilograms of composite trace element, 1 kilogram of 50% Choline Chloride, multiple 0.2 kilogram of synthase preparation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, the feed of 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive are to body weight 85 kilograms to 160 kilograms of big pig is raised.
The raw material swine rearing periodic Control delivers weight standard for sale for 160 kilograms in 270~300 ages in days.
The corn-fry starch of konjak puff makes as follows:First aperture will be crossed after crush maize to sieve for 3mm Piece, fry starch of konjak and corn flour are then pressed 1:1 is more expanded through steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture progress wet method than after row mixing, and 3~4 are cooled down after expanded Minute, then it is 2mm sieves that mixture, which is crushed, and crosses aperture.
Steam pressure when described expanded is 0.4~0.6Mpa, swelling temperature is 120~140 DEG C, it is expanded after finished product Moisture content is less than 10.5%.
The quality proportioning of each component is in the Chinese herb feed additive:It is the Radix Astragali 16%, purslane 15%, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10%, white Chinese herbaceous peony 8%, Poria cocos 8%, the bark of official magnolia 6%, Radix Codonopsis 10%, radix glycyrrhizae 2%, orange peel 15%, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10%, each component mix after weighing in proportion It is 100~150 targeted fine powders that merging, which is ground into granularity,.The Chinese herb feed additive is using the Radix Astragali as main ingredient.There is the Radix Astragali tonifying Qi to consolidate Table, profit water detumescence, pus draining and toxin expelling, myogenic and other effects, there are enhancing body's immunity, liver protection, diuresis, anti-aging, resisting stress, drop Pressure and wide antibacterial action.Purslane is clearing heat and detoxicating, dissipates blood detumescence, controls hot dysentery purulence blood, heat gonorrhea, blood strangury, with, carbuncle swells are disliked Sore, erysipelas, trace scrofula, for damp and hot caused diarrhoea, dysentery.Chinese angelica blood supplementing is especially with asthenic symptoms.Root of herbaceous peony purging the liver of pathogenic fire is calmed the nerves, heat-clearing profit intestines, The moon is held back in blood-nourishing.Poria cocos can support spleen nourishing heart, and clearing damp and promoting diuresis, its dampness removing is without hindering just, and to lead to the medicine for mending two grass, all insufficiency of the spleen and water is wet interior The card stopped is conventional, to the insufficiency of the spleen with overabundance of dampness more preferably, causes the mind to be lost to insufficiency of the spleen biochemical deficiency and supports, the work(of spleen-benefiting mind-tranquilizing can be reached with it Effect.Bark of official magnolia middle benefit gas eliminating dampness, it is good for lung stagnation resolvation.Radix Codonopsis tonifying middle-Jiao and Qi, strengthening spleen and tonifying lung.Radix glycyrrhizae is invigorated the spleen and benefited qi, clearing heat and detoxicating, and eliminating the phlegm stops Cough, relieving spasm to stop pain, coordinating the drug actions of a prescription.In the reasonable controlled atmosphere of orange peel, eliminating dampness and eliminating phlegm effect, available for treatment the taste stagnation of the circulation of vital energy, abdominal fullness and distention, Vomiting.Bighead atractylodes rhizome strengthening the spleen and replenishing qi, eliminate dampness and have diuretic effect, hidroschesis is antiabortive, for spleen eating less, abdominal distention diarrhea, oedema.Chinese herbal medicine in daily ration The addition of additive improves the immunity of pig, improves pig intestinal health, reduces disease;Chinese herb feed additive substitutes simultaneously Antibiotic, reduce the medicament residue of meat, improve meat safety.
The quality proportioning of each component is in the B B-complex:It is 3,000,000 to contain vitamin A in per kilogram B B-complex IU, vitamine D3 are 1,500,000 IU, vitamin E is 15 grams, Vitamin K3 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B1 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B2 is 3.8 grams, vitamin B6 be 1.5 grams, vitamin B12 is 0.0115 gram, D-VB5 calcium is 7.5 grams, niacinamide is 15 grams, folic acid is 0.76 gram is 0.1 gram with Bio, and remaining is carrier rice bran meal.
The quality proportioning of each component is in the composite trace element:Contain basic copper chloride in per kilogram composite trace element 24 grams, 160 grams of ferrous sulfate monohydrate, 100 grams of monohydrate zinc sulphate, 60 grams of manganese sulfate monohydrate, the sodium selenite pre-mixing agent containing selenium 1% 8 grams, 24 grams of the KI pre-mixing agent containing iodine 1%, 200 grams of 40 grams of yeast selenium, ferrous bisglycinate chelate containing selenium 0.2%, containing chromium 0.2% 40 grams of chromium methionine, remaining is carrier zeolite powder.
Described antioxidant is that ethoxyquinoline and zeolite powder press 3:The mixture that 7 mass ratio is mixed into.
The mass percent of each component is in the mould inhibitor:Food spices 10%, propionic acid 15%, zeolite powder 75%.
Growing and fattening pigs are divided three phases to be raised with the feed of different ratio by the present invention, make full use of pig in each stage The characteristic of growth performance feature and all feeds raw material, Different Nutrition index is fed according to the nutritional need in pig each stage in good time Feed, efficiency of feed utilization greatly improved.Make use of the black pig that about grows up lean meat percentage and intramuscular fat content height, the thin thin skin of bone, Fresh & Tender in Texture, dressing percentge is big, the distinguishing feature such as low of pickling percentage of water loss, while extends breeding cycle, exists body weight control is delivered for sale 160 kilograms, breeding cycle is controlled in 270~300 ages in days, is increased the dry-matter accumulation of meat, is improved meat quality.Root of the present invention According to the nutritional need feature in pig each stage, the feed for preparing Different Nutrition index is fed, and autogamy medium-height grass is used in feed Medicine additive substitute antibiotics, autogamy trace mineral supplement improve meat, barley are added in feed and through expanding treatment Fry starch of konjak, big pig stage barley adding proportion reduces the back-fat thickness and abdomen of pig 20%~25% particularly in The deposition of portion's fat, improve the hardness and fusing point of pork fat.The air-dried fermentation for the pork processing that profit cultivates in this way Meat have lean meat percentage is high, retentiveness is good, high yield rate, fatty hardness is big, fusing point is high, the marble grain of meat is obvious, finished product will not Permeability, condition are good, muscle fat is more, dry matter content is high, finished product flavor is sufficient, secure etc. without medicament residue, product safety Feature.With preferable economic benefit and social benefit.
Embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated, but the present invention is not any limitation as in any way, Based on present invention teach that any conversion or replacement made, belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Yorkshire, the tri-crossbreeding of long Bai Yu great water ouzels pig are chosen as pig kind, the body weight for the black pig that about grows up is public 25 Feed formula and trophic level before jin is with reference to other pig kinds.Body weight divides three phases to feed after 25 kilograms, feed Formula and trophic level accordingly divide three phases:Piggy, middle pig and big pig.Pig is fast in growth early growth speed, feed formula Trophic level is of a relatively high, constantly strengthens in the middle and late growth stage digestion power, more resistance to thick feeding, the horizontal appropriate drop of formula nutritional It is low, while barley and fry starch of konjak can properly increase addition.Local feed resource had so both been taken full advantage of, has reduced formula Cost, while make use of fry starch of konjak and barley to improve the advantage of quality of pig trunk again, reduce the back-fat thickness and belly fat of pig The deposition of fat, make pork fat hardness big, fusing point is high, and meat is good.Piglet raise according to a conventional method to 25kg after according to the following steps Raised:
1) the small swine rearing stage:Using containing in every 1000 kilograms, 540 kilograms of corn, 16 kilograms of wheat bran, barley 150 are public Jin, corn -60 kilograms of fry starch of konjak puff, 190 kilograms of dregs of beans, 7 kilograms of 70% lysine, 1.6 kilograms of threonine, methionine 1.4 kilograms, 8.3 kilograms of stone flour, 14 kilograms of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 3.5 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2.5 kilograms of B B-complex, compound micro member Element 2.5 kilograms, 1 kilogram of 50% Choline Chloride, 0.2 kilogram of complex enzyme formulation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, The feed that 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive is raised to the piggy that body weight is 25 kilograms to 45 kilograms;
2) the swine rearing stage in:Using in every 1000 kilograms contain 520 kilograms of corn, 200 kilograms of barley, corn-konjaku Fly 80 kilograms of powder puff, 164 kilograms of dregs of beans, 5.5 kilograms of 70% lysine, 1 kilogram of threonine, 0.5 kilogram of methionine, stone flour 7.3 kilograms, 11 kilograms of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 3.5 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2 kilograms of B B-complex, 2 kilograms of composite trace element, 50% chlorine Change 1 kilogram of choline, 0.2 kilogram of complex enzyme formulation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive Feed be that 45 kilograms to 85 kilograms of middle pig is raised to body weight;
3) the big swine rearing stage:Using in every 1000 kilograms contain 464 kilograms of corn, 250 kilograms of barley, corn-konjaku Fly powder puff 120 kg, 135 kilograms of dregs of beans, 4 kilograms of 70% lysine, 0.4 kilogram of threonine, 8 kilograms of stone flour, phosphoric acid hydrogen It is 8 kilograms of calcium, 3.4 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2 kilograms of B B-complex, 2 kilograms of composite trace element, 1 kilogram of 50% Choline Chloride, multiple 0.2 kilogram of synthase preparation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, the feed of 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive are to body weight 85 kilograms to 160 kilograms of big pig is raised.
The corn-fry starch of konjak puff makes as follows:First aperture will be crossed after crush maize to sieve for 3mm Piece, fry starch of konjak and corn flour are then pressed 1:1 is more expanded through steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture progress wet method than after row mixing, and 3~4 are cooled down after expanded Minute, then it is 2mm sieves that mixture, which is crushed, and crosses aperture.Steam pressure when described expanded is 0.4~0.6Mpa, expanded Temperature is 120~140 DEG C, and the moisture content of expanded rear finished product is less than 10.5%.Modulated by using high temperature, the expanded skill of extrusion cooking Art is handled fry starch of konjak, alkaloid therein of degrading, and eliminates the peculiar smell that trimethylamine is brought, and the fry starch of konjak after processing is fitted Mouth property greatly improves, and adds treated fry starch of konjak in black pig feed of about growing up, make use of fry starch of konjak resource, reduce Feed formula cost, the granule stability of feed is improved, also improve pig feed intake, while also improve the growth of pig Can, economic benefit is improved, in addition, feed of the Long-term Feeding containing fry starch of konjak, reduces the back-fat thickness and stomach fat of pig Deposition, improve meat quality.
The quality proportioning of each component is in the Chinese herb feed additive:It is the Radix Astragali 16%, purslane 15%, Radix Angelicae Sinensis 10%, white Chinese herbaceous peony 8%, Poria cocos 8%, the bark of official magnolia 6%, Radix Codonopsis 10%, radix glycyrrhizae 2%, orange peel 15%, the bighead atractylodes rhizome 10%, each component mix after weighing in proportion It is 100~150 targeted fine powders that merging, which is ground into granularity,.
The quality proportioning of each component is in the B B-complex:It is 3,000,000 to contain vitamin A in per kilogram B B-complex IU, vitamine D3 are 1,500,000 IU, vitamin E is 15 grams, Vitamin K3 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B1 is 1.5 grams, vitamin B2 is 3.8 grams, vitamin B6 be 1.5 grams, vitamin B12 is 0.0115 gram, D-VB5 calcium is 7.5 grams, niacinamide is 15 grams, folic acid is 0.76 gram is 0.1 gram with Bio, and remaining is carrier rice bran meal.
The quality proportioning of each component is in the composite trace element:Contain basic copper chloride in per kilogram composite trace element 24 grams, 160 grams of ferrous sulfate monohydrate, 100 grams of monohydrate zinc sulphate, 60 grams of manganese sulfate monohydrate, the sodium selenite pre-mixing agent containing selenium 1% 8 grams, 24 grams of the KI pre-mixing agent containing iodine 1%, 200 grams of 40 grams of yeast selenium, ferrous bisglycinate chelate containing selenium 0.2%, containing chromium 0.2% 40 grams of chromium methionine, remaining is carrier zeolite powder.
The complex enzyme formulation uses the complex enzyme formulation of GuangDong YiDuoLi Biology Science Co., Ltd's cultivation, its group It is into content:Zytase 20000U/g, dextranase 20000U/g, cellulase 10000U/g, mannase 400U/ G, alpha-amylase 100000U/g.
Described antioxidant is that ethoxyquinoline and zeolite powder press 3:The mixture that 7 mass ratio is mixed into.
The mass percent of each component is in the mould inhibitor:Food spices 10%, propionic acid 15%, zeolite powder 75%.
The perfect compound feed processing method is that the raw material that first need to crush corn, barley, wheat bran, dregs of beans etc. is carried out Crush, the aperture of grinding screen plate is 2mm, crosses 20 mesh.It is expanded to weigh corn, barley, corn-fry starch of konjak one by one in proportion again Thing, wheat bran, dregs of beans, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, stone flour, sodium chloride, 50% Choline Chloride, 70% lysine, threonine, methionine, medium-height grass Other raw materials such as medicine additive, complex enzyme formulation, mould inhibitor, antioxidant, B B-complex, composite trace element.It will weigh up Raw material input mixer mix 120 seconds.Mixing, which finishes, is packed.
To verify the science of the present embodiment technical scheme, how happy kind of pig breeding Co., Ltd of Dong Heng economy and trade group in Yunnan Pig farm has carried out feeding experiment.About grow up black piglet totally 64 similar in selection age in days, body weight, by the consistent original of sex ratio Then, 2 groups are randomly divided into, every group of 4 repetitions, each repeats 8 pigs.Test pig is by special messenger raising management, free choice feeding, to repeat Feed intake is fed and recorded for unit, and free water, sooner or later each clear circle is once.According to feeding management code in field carry out it is immune and Treatment.On-test and the morning on the same day terminated weigh on an empty stomach, count daily ingestion amount, calculate daily gain and feedstuff-meat ratio.
Test daily ration and feeding method:3 stages of daily ration point, respectively piggy stage (25 kilograms~45 kilograms), middle pig Stage (45 kilograms~85 kilograms) and big pig stage (85 kilograms to deliver for sale).Control group daily ration is without barley and fry starch of konjak Mixed feed, test group daily ration are mixed feed of the present invention, and the nutritive index of two groups of daily rations is consistent, with formula software again Optimization of C/C composites.Control group fed basal diet, experiment daily ration of the test group feeding containing barley and fry starch of konjak.
Testing index and method:It is each random from control group and test group respectively when body weight reaches 100kg, 160kg or so Choose 2 repetitions (16) and terminate experiment.Weigh, count feed consumption in the morning on the day of off-test, and is butchered (before butchering Fasting 24 hours) determine and Meat Quality measure.Evaluate the indexs such as growth performance, carcass quality and Meat Quality.
Conclusion (of pressure testing):Being drawn through carrying out analysis to test data, the Diet Formula cost of test group can reduce about 2%~ 5%;Daily gain, feed intake and the feedstuff-meat ratio index of test group have improvement than control group;The fat thickness of test group pig is than control Group decreases, and the index such as dressing percentge, dressing percentage, eye muscle area and lean meat percentage makes moderate progress;The thick protein of test group, The indexs such as intramuscular fat, dry, muscle pH value, drip loss, yellowish pink, marble grain and cooked meat percentage have difference than control group The improvement of degree;Each saturated fatty acid content is more universal than control group high in the aliphatic acid of test group, and unsaturated fatty acid content Generally lower than control group, saturated fatty acid content is higher in fat, i.e., fatty fusing point is high, can effectively prevent product permeability phenomenon, Improve water-retaining property, color development degree and the shelf life of finished product;The ferment sausage made from test group pork and fermentation ham, it is in sense organ It is required that, be significantly better than that control group in terms of physical and chemical index and microbiological indicator.
Embodiment 2:
All feeds raw material proportioning and feeding method in the present embodiment etc. are same as Example 1, and difference is To the following process of perfect compound feed increase of each ratio feedstuff gained after well mixed:
Perfect compound feed is pelletized with granulator, grain made parameter is:Steam pressure pelletize in 0.3~0.4MPa, Boiler supplying pressure is in the range of 0.5~0.7MPa, and quenched rear material moisture is maintained at 15~17%, the moisture after granulation ≤ 12.5%.Granulator ring film compression ratio is 1:4.5, pelleting temperature control at 75~85 DEG C, finished particle material particle diameter 3.5~ 4.5mm, expects long 8.0~12.0mm, and particulate material is packed again after supercooling.
To verify the science of the present embodiment technical scheme, the how happy boar of Yunnan pig breeding Co., Ltd of Dong Heng economy and trade group Field carries out feeding experiment using with Test Methods And Procedures same as Example 1, is drawn through carrying out analysis to test data, tries About 2%~5% can be reduced by testing the Diet Formula cost of group;Daily gain, feed intake and the feedstuff-meat ratio index of test group are than control Group has improvement;The fat thickness of test group pig decreases than control group, dressing percentge, dressing percentage, eye muscle area and lean meat percentage etc. Index makes moderate progress;Thick protein, intramuscular fat, dry, muscle pH value, drip loss, yellowish pink, the marble of test group The index such as line and cooked meat percentage has different degrees of improvement than control group;Each saturated fatty acid content ratio in the aliphatic acid of test group Control group is generally high, and unsaturated fatty acid content is generally lower than control group, and saturated fatty acid content is higher in fat, i.e., fatty Fusing point is high, can effectively prevent product permeability phenomenon, improve water-retaining property, color development degree and the shelf life of finished product;With test group pork system The ferment sausage and fermentation ham obtained, it is significantly better than that control group in terms of organoleptic requirements, physical and chemical index and microbiological indicator.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig, it is characterised in that it is miscellaneous to choose Yorkshire, the ternary of long Bai Yu great water ouzels pig Pig is handed over to be raised according to the following steps after piglet is raised to 25kg according to a conventional method as pig kind:
1) the small swine rearing stage:Using containing 540 kilograms of corn, 16 kilograms of wheat bran, 150 kilograms of barley, beautiful in every 1000 kilograms 60 kilograms of rice-fry starch of konjak puff, 190 kilograms of dregs of beans, 7 kilograms of 70% lysine, 1.6 kilograms of threonine, methionine 1.4 are public Jin, 8.3 kilograms of stone flour, 14 kilograms of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 3.5 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2.5 kilograms of B B-complex, composite trace element 2.5 Kilogram, 1 kilogram of 50% Choline Chloride, 0.2 kilogram of complex enzyme formulation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, Chinese herbal medicine The feed that 1 kilogram of additive is raised to the piggy that body weight is 25 kilograms to 45 kilograms;
2) the swine rearing stage in:Using in every 1000 kilograms contain 520 kilograms of corn, 200 kilograms of barley, corn-fry starch of konjak 80 kilograms of puff, 164 kilograms of dregs of beans, 5.5 kilograms of 70% lysine, 1 kilogram of threonine, 0.5 kilogram of methionine, stone flour 7.3 Kilogram, 11 kilograms of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 3.5 kilograms of sodium chloride, 2 kilograms of B B-complex, 2 kilograms of composite trace element, 50% chlorination 1 kilogram of choline, 0.2 kilogram of complex enzyme formulation, 0.5 kilogram of mould inhibitor, 0.5 kilogram of antioxidant, 1 kilogram of Chinese herb feed additive Feed is raised to the middle pig that body weight is 45 kilograms to 85 kilograms.
A kind of 2. cultural method of pork dry raw material pig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the feeding of the raw material pig Periodic Control is supported in 270~300 ages in days, delivers weight standard for sale for 160 kilograms.
A kind of 3. cultural method of pork dry raw material pig according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the corn-konjaku Fly powder puff to make as follows:It is first 3mm sieves by aperture is crossed after crush maize, then by fry starch of konjak and jade Ground rice presses 1:1 is more expanded through steam regulation of texture, conditioning of texture progress wet method than after row mixing, is cooled down 3~4 minutes after expanded, then mixture is crushed simultaneously It is 2mm sieves to cross aperture.
A kind of 4. cultural method of pork dry raw material pig according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:When described expanded Steam pressure is 0.4~0.6Mpa, and swelling temperature is 120~140 DEG C, and the moisture content of expanded rear finished product is less than 10.5%.
CN201711306771.3A 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 A kind of cultural method of pork dry raw material pig Withdrawn CN107821327A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110881443A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-17 江苏省农业科学院 High-quality pig grazing feeding method
CN113994923A (en) * 2021-11-08 2022-02-01 广州朴成生物科技有限公司 Breeding boar propagation promoting prevention and control method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110881443A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-17 江苏省农业科学院 High-quality pig grazing feeding method
CN113994923A (en) * 2021-11-08 2022-02-01 广州朴成生物科技有限公司 Breeding boar propagation promoting prevention and control method

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