CN103846456A - 数控单柱立式车床 - Google Patents

数控单柱立式车床 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103846456A
CN103846456A CN201210495836.4A CN201210495836A CN103846456A CN 103846456 A CN103846456 A CN 103846456A CN 201210495836 A CN201210495836 A CN 201210495836A CN 103846456 A CN103846456 A CN 103846456A
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China
Prior art keywords
column
processing
lathe
numerically controlled
controlled single
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CN201210495836.4A
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English (en)
Inventor
栾长波
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DALIAN LONGZE MACHINERY Co Ltd
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DALIAN LONGZE MACHINERY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210495836.4A priority Critical patent/CN103846456A/zh
Publication of CN103846456A publication Critical patent/CN103846456A/zh
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B7/00Automatic or semi-automatic turning-machines with a single working-spindle, e.g. controlled by cams; Equipment therefor; Features common to automatic and semi-automatic turning-machines with one or more working-spindles
    • B23B7/02Automatic or semi-automatic machines for turning of stock
    • B23B7/04Turret machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23BTURNING; BORING
    • B23B7/00Automatic or semi-automatic turning-machines with a single working-spindle, e.g. controlled by cams; Equipment therefor; Features common to automatic and semi-automatic turning-machines with one or more working-spindles
    • B23B7/12Automatic or semi-automatic machines for turning of workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/26Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members
    • B23Q1/38Movable or adjustable work or tool supports characterised by constructional features relating to the co-operation of relatively movable members; Means for preventing relative movement of such members using fluid bearings or fluid cushion supports
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/10Greenhouse gas [GHG] capture, material saving, heat recovery or other energy efficient measures, e.g. motor control, characterised by manufacturing processes, e.g. for rolling metal or metal working

Abstract

数控单柱立式车床,床身一侧安装立柱,立柱上固定安装横梁,横梁垂直方向上安装垂直刀架,床身上位于垂直刀架正下方处安装工作台,立柱上部安装可旋转操作面板。本发明的数控单柱立式车床,工作台采用静压导轨,主轴颈项回转精度高,承载能力大;采用变频电机驱动,机床运行平稳、噪音小、故障率低、加工精度高;可在不停车的状态下自动进行多次往复循环加工,直至达到设定的粗加工尺寸、加工量、加工尺寸,在触摸屏上一目了然,节省了加工部件的时间,大大的提高了工作效率;省时省工、易操作、维修方便、更省电。

Description

数控单柱立式车床
技术领域
[0001] 本发明涉及机械加工设备领域,尤其涉及一种数控机床。
背景技术
[0002] 数控机床通常由控制系统、伺服系统、检测系统、机械传动系统及其他辅助系统组成。控制系统用于数控机床的运算、管理和控制,通过输入介质得到数据,对这些数据进行解释和运算并对机床产生作用,伺服系统根据控制系统的指令驱动机床,使刀具和零件执行数控代码规定的运动,检测系统则是用来检测机床执行件(工作台、转台、滑板等)的位移和速度变化量,并将检测结果反馈到输入端,与输入指令进行比较,根据其差别调整机床运动。现有的用于加工外圆柱面、圆锥面、端面、切槽、切断等的数控车床结构复杂、运转不平稳、加工精度低、噪音大、故障率高,操作复杂、维修不便,不能满足高精度产品的加工需求。
发明内容
[0003]为了克服传统数控车床存在的上述问题,本发明提供了一种结构简单、加工精度高的数控单柱立式车床。
[0004] 本发明为实现上述目的所采用的技术方案是:数控单柱立式车床,床身一侧安装立柱,立柱上固定安装横梁,横梁垂直方向上安装垂直刀架,床身上位于垂直刀架正下方处安装工作台,立柱上部安装可旋转操作面板。
[0005] 所述工作台通过安装于床身上静压导轨带动循环往复运动。
[0006] 所述操作面板为触摸屏。
[0007] 本发明的数控单柱立式车床,工作台采用静压导轨,主轴颈项回转精度高,承载能力大;采用变频电机驱动,机床运行平稳、噪音小、故障率低、加工精度高;可在不停车的状态下自动进行多次往复循环加工,直至达到设定的粗加工尺寸、加工量、加工尺寸,在触摸屏上一目了然,节省了加工部件的时间,大大的提高了工作效率;省时省工、易操作、维修方便、更省电。
附图说明
[0008] 图1是本发明数控单柱立式车床结构图。
具体实施方式
[0009] 本发明的数控单柱立式车床结构如图1所示,床身I 一侧安装立柱6,立柱6上固定安装横梁5,横梁5垂直方向上安装垂直刀架4,床身I上位于垂直刀架4正下方处安装工作台2,立柱6上部安装可旋转操作面板3,操作面板3为触摸屏,工作台2通过安装于床身I上静压导轨带动循环往复运动,主轴径向采用高精度NN30型轴承,回转精度高,承载能力大。齿轮箱采用40Cr磨齿齿轮,精度高、噪音小;导轨滑动面采用贴塑处理,提高耐磨性;机床铸件采用优质消失模树脂沙铸造工艺,铸件品质高,经实效处理,经久耐用。[0010] 机床适用于硬质合金和陶瓷刀具,对黑色金属、有色金属及部分非金属材料的零件平面、圆柱面、内圆锥面的粗、精加工,传统机械传动、手工操作的机床、主电机是三相异步电机,本发明的机床为变频电机驱动,经二档无极变速系统、由触摸屏控制,手持脉冲发生器确定加工工件的各项数据、X轴Z轴的进退数据均由触摸屏和手持脉冲发生器来完成,且操作简单、快捷、准确,免除了机械操作的停车换挡、调速。停车调整X轴Z轴的进退操作,为操作人员节省大量的工作时间,并且二档无极变速,使机床运转平稳,噪音小,故障率低。机器配备报警系统,机械故障部位显示于触摸屏上。该机床可在不停车状态下自动为已设定的加工部件平面、内孔及外圆、斜线圆弧进行多次往复加工,直至达到设定的粗加工尺寸、加工量、加工尺寸、在触摸屏上一目了然,省去多道加工、对刀、测量工序,节省加工部件的大量时间,大大提高了工作效率。变频电机、尖端伺服电机的使用,充分显示出电机功率大,耗电少,噪音小的优势;机床的不停车操作、简单的触摸屏数据输入、及简单的手续脉冲发生器的操作,特别适用于大批量部件的加工,省时省力,易操作、维修方便,省电。

Claims (3)

1.数控单柱立式车床,其特征在于:床身(I)一侧安装立柱(6),立柱(6)上固定安装横梁(5),横梁(5)垂直方向上安装垂直刀架(4),床身(I)上位于垂直刀架(4)正下方处安装工作台(2 ),立柱(6 )上部安装可旋转操作面板(3 )。
2.根据权利要求1所述的数控单柱立式车床,其特征在于:所述工作台(2)通过安装于床身(I)上静压导轨带动循环往复运动。
3.根据权利要求1所述的数控单柱立式车床,其特征在于:所述操作面板(3)为触摸屏。
CN201210495836.4A 2012-11-29 2012-11-29 数控单柱立式车床 Pending CN103846456A (zh)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105108187A (zh) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-02 苏州市海神达机械科技有限公司 一种车床调节装置
CN105108178A (zh) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-02 芜湖日升重型机床有限公司 一种新型智能操作控制的立式车床
CN105312594A (zh) * 2015-01-21 2016-02-10 油机机械工业(中国)有限公司 一种微型立式车床
CN106239742A (zh) * 2016-09-29 2016-12-21 漳州市天趣数控设备有限公司 一种陶瓷车雕机
CN110328375A (zh) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-15 南安市泉建机械科技有限公司 一种基于冲式浮转原理的立式数控车床
CN110976925A (zh) * 2019-10-21 2020-04-10 湖北工业大学 一种双立墙式全气体静压立式车床

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105312594A (zh) * 2015-01-21 2016-02-10 油机机械工业(中国)有限公司 一种微型立式车床
CN105312594B (zh) * 2015-01-21 2018-09-04 油机机械工业(中国)有限公司 一种微型立式车床
CN105108178A (zh) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-02 芜湖日升重型机床有限公司 一种新型智能操作控制的立式车床
CN105108187A (zh) * 2015-09-25 2015-12-02 苏州市海神达机械科技有限公司 一种车床调节装置
CN106239742A (zh) * 2016-09-29 2016-12-21 漳州市天趣数控设备有限公司 一种陶瓷车雕机
CN106239742B (zh) * 2016-09-29 2019-01-04 漳州市天趣数控设备有限公司 一种陶瓷车雕机
CN110328375A (zh) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-15 南安市泉建机械科技有限公司 一种基于冲式浮转原理的立式数控车床
CN110976925A (zh) * 2019-10-21 2020-04-10 湖北工业大学 一种双立墙式全气体静压立式车床
CN110976925B (zh) * 2019-10-21 2020-11-03 湖北工业大学 一种双立墙式全气体静压立式车床

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Application publication date: 20140611