CN103766252B - Fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution cultural method - Google Patents

Fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution cultural method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103766252B
CN103766252B CN201310657413.2A CN201310657413A CN103766252B CN 103766252 B CN103766252 B CN 103766252B CN 201310657413 A CN201310657413 A CN 201310657413A CN 103766252 B CN103766252 B CN 103766252B
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water
fish
fingerling
pollution
fresh
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CN103766252A (en
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杜伟林
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Jingjiang Mingda Food Co.,Ltd.
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Suzhou City Xiangcheng District Xinshidai Special Aquafarm
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses the cultural method of a kind of fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution, comprise the following steps: culture pond requirement;Pour water, water transfer matter;Fingerling selects;Fish body is sterilized;Rational Stocking;Raise;Water-quality control;After adding water every time, in culture pond, add a certain amount of aquaculture special-purpose fertilizer and yeast and appropriateness is fished for.The present invention is fed by fish pond and the sterilization of fish body and science, effectively reduces the consumption of medicine, man-made feeds, and the fresh-water fishes quality and safety cultivated is high, pollution-free;The present invention raises together with by living in the fingerling of different Larger water depths, numerous in variety, the space of different Larger water depths in being effectively utilized fish pond, by fishing in batches in order, not only increases cultivation quantity and increases the income of fisherman.

Description

Fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution cultural method
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of aquaculture, particularly relate to a kind of fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution cultural method.
Background technology
Fresh-water fishes refer to inhabit the Fish of fresh water, of a great variety, account for about the 40% of total Fish.China's most area is in temperate zone and subtropical zone, has a moderate climate, and rainfall is abundant, is freshwater fish culturing big country.In recent years, along with fast development and the raising of people's living standard of China's economy, increasing the demand of Fish year by year, this promotes aquaculture to present intensive development trend, especially freshwater fish culturing.But ignoring the quality of fish owing to fisherman the most only payes attention to quantity, on the other hand lack science, the cultural technique of specialty so that the quality of fresh-water fishes is low, edible safety declines.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that present invention mainly solves is to provide the cultural method of a kind of fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution, it is possible to the fresh-water fishes of solution intensive style cultivation are abused, Drug abuse, and the quality of fish is low, edible uneasy congruent problem, and is effectively improved the yield of fish.
For solving above-mentioned technical problem, the technical scheme that the present invention uses is: provides the cultural method of a kind of fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution, comprises the following steps:
(1) culture pond requires: away from polluting, irrigation and drainage are convenient, smooth at the bottom of the pool, the sterilization and keep the mud of 15cm of cleaning up the pond;
(2) pour water, water transfer matter: pouring into the clear water that the degree of depth is 1.5m in culture pond, and the aquaculture special bio that discharges suitable number is fertile or bio-feritlizer preparation, adjusting water quality is glossy dark green mulberry or dark brown;
(3) fingerling selects: select the fingerling the most healthy and the strongest, disease resistance is strong, including Mylopharyngodon piceus, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis, Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus.
(4) fish body sterilization: the fingerling selected in step (3) is placed in the edible salt water of 5% mass concentration sterilization 10min;
(5) Rational Stocking: by fingerling sterilized in step (4) in Mylopharyngodon piceus: Ctenopharyngodon idellus: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: Aristichthys nobilis: Cyprinus carpio: Carassius auratus is that the ratio of 1:5:3:1:2:4 is put in a suitable place to breed in the culture pond adjusting water quality in step (2), and breeding density is 1500 tails/mu;
(6) raise: throw in latter 20 days, a certain amount of man-made feeds of throwing something and feeding every day, when fish length to 300g/ tail, enrich farm manure;After applying fertilizer 15 days, within every 2 days, execute man-made feeds;
(7) Water-quality control: after fingerling stocking, adds a water in every 5~20 days, and quantity of exchanged water is 30~50cm;
(8), after adding water, in culture pond, add a certain amount of aquaculture special-purpose fertilizer and yeast every time;
(9) appropriateness is fished for: when fish length to 1500~2000g/ tail, fishes for weekly a big fingerling of breeding density, it is ensured that have enough fish movement spaces in culture pond.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the pollution in described step (1) refers to " three industrial wastes ", sanitary sewage, medical sewage and contaminated running water.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (6), the injected volume of described man-made feeds is 3000mg/ mu, divides and throws something and feeds for early, middle and late three times, and three feeding volumes are 2:3:1.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, in described step (9), the described fish amount fished for weekly is 100~300 tails/mu.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described fishing output is by Mylopharyngodon piceus: Ctenopharyngodon idellus: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: Aristichthys nobilis: Cyprinus carpio: Carassius auratus is that the quantity of 1:5:3:1:2:4 is fished for.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the cultural method of the present invention a kind of fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution, being fed by fish pond and the sterilization of fish body and science, effectively reduce the consumption of medicine, man-made feeds, the fresh-water fishes quality and safety cultivated is high, pollution-free;The present invention raises together with by living in the fingerling of different Larger water depths, numerous in variety, the space of different Larger water depths in being effectively utilized fish pond, by fishing in batches in order, not only increases cultivation quantity and increases the income of fisherman.
Detailed description of the invention
Below presently preferred embodiments of the present invention is described in detail, so that advantages and features of the invention can be easier to be readily appreciated by one skilled in the art, thus protection scope of the present invention is made apparent clear and definite defining.
The embodiment of the present invention includes:
The cultural method of a kind of fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution, comprises the following steps:
(1) culture pond requires: away from " three industrial wastes ", sanitary sewage, medical sewage and the pollution of running water etc. of getting dirty, irrigation and drainage are convenient, smooth at the bottom of the pool, clean up the pond sterilization with quick lime and Testa Tritici etc., finally putting into the mud of 15cm at the bottom of the pool, using the soil as algal grown;
(2) pour water, water transfer matter: pouring into the clear water that the degree of depth is 1.5m in culture pond, and the aquaculture special bio that discharges suitable number is fertile or bio-feritlizer preparation, promotes phytoplankton and the growth of algae in fish pond, adjusting water quality is glossy dark green mulberry or dark brown;
(3) fingerling selects: select the fingerling the most healthy and the strongest, disease resistance is strong, including Mylopharyngodon piceus, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis, Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus.
(4) fish body sterilization: the fingerling selected in step (3) is placed in the edible salt water of 5% mass concentration sterilization 10min;
(5) Rational Stocking: by fingerling sterilized in step (4) in Mylopharyngodon piceus: Ctenopharyngodon idellus: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: Aristichthys nobilis: Cyprinus carpio: Carassius auratus is that the ratio of 1:5:3:1:2:4 is put in a suitable place to breed in the culture pond adjusting water quality in step (2), and breeding density is 1500 tails/mu;
(6) raising: throw in latter 20 days, every day throws something and feeds man-made feeds according to the quantity of 3000mg/ mu, point throws something and feeds for early, middle and late three times, three feeding volumes are 2:3:1, when fish length to 300g/ tail, enrich farm manure, to promote the growth of natural bait, such as Lumbricus, Kattapillar, freshwater mussel spiral shell, pasture and water etc.;After applying fertilizer 30 days, now fish pond is contained within a certain amount of natural bait, can reduce the injected volume of man-made feeds, changes into every 2 days executing man-made feeds;
(7) Water-quality control: after fingerling stocking, according to season and the situation in fish pond, adds a water in every 5~20 days, and quantity of exchanged water is 30~50cm;
(8), after adding water, in culture pond, add a certain amount of aquaculture special-purpose fertilizer and yeast every time;
(9) appropriateness is fished for: when fish length to 1000~2000g/ tail, fish for weekly a big fingerling of breeding density, on the one hand ensure there are enough fish movement spaces in culture pond, amount of fishing is 100~300 tails/mu, and fishing output is by Mylopharyngodon piceus: Ctenopharyngodon idellus: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: Aristichthys nobilis: Cyprinus carpio: Carassius auratus is that the quantity of 1:5:3:1:2:4 is fished for.
The fresh-water fishes cultivated as stated above, fish numerous in variety, the space of different Larger water depths in being effectively utilized fish pond;Fed by fish pond and the sterilization of fish body and science, effectively reducing the consumption of medicine, man-made feeds, the fresh-water fishes quality and safety cultivated is high, pollution-free, and quantity is many, and can fish for the most in batches, improve the effective rate of utilization in fish pond, increase the income of fisherman.
The foregoing is only embodiments of the invention; not thereby the scope of the claims of the present invention is limited; every equivalent structure utilizing description of the invention content to be made or equivalence flow process conversion; or directly or indirectly it is used in other relevant technical fields, the most in like manner it is included in the scope of patent protection of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the cultural method of a fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) culture pond requires: away from polluting, irrigation and drainage are convenient, smooth at the bottom of the pool, the sterilization and keep the mud of 15cm of cleaning up the pond;
(2) pour water, water transfer matter: pouring into the clear water that the degree of depth is 1.5m in culture pond, and the aquaculture special bio discharging suitable number is fertile, adjusting water quality is glossy dark green mulberry or dark brown;
(3) fingerling selects: select the fingerling the most healthy and the strongest, disease resistance is strong, including Mylopharyngodon piceus, Ctenopharyngodon idellus, Hypophthalmichthys molitrix, Aristichthys nobilis, Cyprinus carpio and Carassius auratus;
(4) fish body sterilization: the fingerling selected in step (3) is placed in the edible salt water of 5% mass concentration sterilization 10min;
(5) Rational Stocking: by fingerling sterilized in step (4) in Mylopharyngodon piceus: Ctenopharyngodon idellus: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: Aristichthys nobilis: Cyprinus carpio: Carassius auratus is that the ratio of 1:5:3:1:2:4 is put in a suitable place to breed in the culture pond adjusting water quality in step (2), and breeding density is 1500 tails/mu;
(6) raise: throw in latter 20 days, a certain amount of man-made feeds of throwing something and feeding every day, when fish length to 300g/ tail, enrich farm manure;After applying fertilizer 15 days, within every 2 days, execute man-made feeds;
(7) Water-quality control: after fingerling stocking, adds a water in every 5~20 days, and quantity of exchanged water is 30~50cm;
(8), after adding water, in culture pond, add a certain amount of aquaculture special-purpose fertilizer and yeast every time;
(9) appropriateness is fished for: when fish length to 1500~2000g/ tail, fishes for weekly a big fingerling of breeding density, it is ensured that have enough fish movement spaces in culture pond;The described fish amount fished for weekly is 100~300 tails/mu, and fishing output is by Mylopharyngodon piceus: Ctenopharyngodon idellus: Hypophthalmichthys molitrix: Aristichthys nobilis: Cyprinus carpio: Carassius auratus is that the quantity of 1:5:3:1:2:4 is fished for.
2. according to the cultural method of the fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution described in claim 1, it is characterised in that the pollution in described step (1) refers to " three industrial wastes ", sanitary sewage, medical sewage and contaminated running water.
CN201310657413.2A 2013-12-09 2013-12-09 Fresh-water fishes high-yielding non-pollution cultural method Active CN103766252B (en)

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CN104145857A (en) * 2014-07-23 2014-11-19 王天学 Ecological breeding method for freshwater fish
CN104206332A (en) * 2014-09-16 2014-12-17 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for planting grass to breed grass carp
CN104604759A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-05-13 太和县龙潭鱼牧业养殖有限公司 Grass carp culturing method
CN104663542A (en) * 2015-01-29 2015-06-03 湖南银辉农业发展有限公司 High-yield nuiscanceless breeding method for fresh water fishes
CN104604773B (en) * 2015-02-04 2017-02-22 通威股份有限公司 Efficiency-increasing breeding method for resourcefully treating bottom mud of intensive pond
CN104982356A (en) * 2015-06-11 2015-10-21 刘宗英 Novel method for cage culture of black carps
CN105210964A (en) * 2015-10-29 2016-01-06 苏州市美人半岛齐力生态农产品专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of carp
CN105409843A (en) * 2015-11-27 2016-03-23 苏州市阳澄湖现代农业产业园特种水产养殖有限公司 Method for culturing mylopharyngodon piceus with high growth speed
CN105994075A (en) * 2016-06-28 2016-10-12 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 Method for breeding Lake Tai whitefish
CN106719165A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 蚌埠市渔歌农业科技有限公司 A kind of cultural method of nuisanceless crucian
CN106954569A (en) * 2017-04-14 2017-07-18 中国水产科学研究院珠江水产研究所 A kind of mixed cultivation method of high yield zero-emission
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CN109089966A (en) * 2018-08-17 2018-12-28 苏州市相城区阳澄湖镇剑美水产生态养殖专业合作社 The high-yield cultivation method of perch
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Effective date of registration: 20201211

Address after: No. 68-3, North Third Ring Road, Chengbei Park, Jingjiang Economic Development Zone, Taizhou City, Jiangsu Province, 214500

Patentee after: Jingjiang Mingda Food Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 215133 Zhu Jing Village, yuan he Town, Xiangcheng District, Suzhou, Jiangsu

Patentee before: SUZHOU CITY XIANGCHENG DISTRICT NEW ERA SPECIAL AQUATIC FARM