CN103694006B - A kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique - Google Patents

A kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103694006B
CN103694006B CN201310576504.3A CN201310576504A CN103694006B CN 103694006 B CN103694006 B CN 103694006B CN 201310576504 A CN201310576504 A CN 201310576504A CN 103694006 B CN103694006 B CN 103694006B
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Prior art keywords
fermentation
mixture
organic fertilizer
production technique
fertilizer
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CN103694006A (en
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林子海
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Guangxi Jinsui Ecological Technology Group Co.,Ltd.
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GUANGXI JINSUI BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique, comprise: raw material mixture, pre fermentation, dehydration, first time fermentation, second time fermentation, granulation and packaging and other steps, organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, comprise repeatedly ferment, turn over throwing and aerating step, organism in waste material is become thoroughly decomposed completely, makes technique composting time short, organic fertilizer efficiency high, and spray in granulation process containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution, organic fertility is strengthened obviously, and product appearance light is good-looking.

Description

A kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of biological organic fertilizer, particularly a kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique.
Background technology
Biological organic fertilizer nutritive element is complete, can improve soil, improves the soil compaction using chemical fertilizer to cause, improves soil physical and chemical property, strengthens the ability of soil water-retaining, fertilizer conservation, fertilizer.Mutual symbiosis Relationship With Proliferation is formed with Soil Microorganism after beneficial microorganism in biological organic fertilizer enters soil, harmful bacteria is suppressed to grow and be converted into probiotics, interact, mutually promote, play the synergy of colony, probiotics produces a large amount of meta-bolitess in growth and breeding process, impel organic decomposition and inversion, can directly or indirectly for crop provides multiple nutrients and pungent, promote and regulation and control plant growth, improve soil porosity, penetrating exchangeability and plant survival rate, increase probiotics and soil microorganisms and population.Simultaneously, the advantage probiotics group energy formed at crop root suppresses harmful pathogenic bacteria procreation, strengthen the disease index that the degeneration-resistant resistance against diseases of crop reduces continuous cropping crop, use year after year and greatly can alleviate continuous cropping obstacle, reduce environmental pollution, to people, animal, environmental safety, nontoxic, it is a kind of environment-friendly type fertilizer.
The most manure uses of current China peasant or traditional composting method, the composting time is long, fertilizer efficiency is low, contaminate environment, use are inconvenient and make that product nutrient content is more difficult reaches standard owing to adding caking agent in the organic fertilizer product of high nutrient content, and product appearance is matt.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to above-mentioned deficiency, disclose a kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique:
1) raw material mixture
By comprise the ight soil of 60 ~ 80 parts, the straw of 10 ~ 20 parts, the waste water of 10 ~ 15 parts and 3 ~ 5 parts the mixture of fermented bacterium stir, be stirred to mixture water content after 60 ~ 80%, pour mixture into fermentation vat;
2) pre fermentation
Put in fermentation vat by the mixture of mixture, temperature was 20 ~ 25 DEG C of bottom fermentations 72 ~ 90 hours;
3) dewater
Mixture after pre fermentation is sent into extruding tripping device, obtain the mixture of moisture 30 ~ 40%;
4) first time fermentation
Mixture after dehydration is put in fermentation vat; temperature was 80 ~ 90 DEG C of bottom fermentations 90 ~ 120 hours; in the process of fermentation; add biological inoculum 5 ~ 8 parts; throwing is turned over once to mixture in 10 ~ 12 hours in interval; turn over and to start Aeration fan after throwing in 10 ~ 20 minutes and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, ensure fermenting speed;
5) second time fermentation
Become the fertilizer of 2 meters wide, 1.0 ~ 1.5 meters high to pile the mixture pile after first time fermentation to be transported to push away and to put in canopy; carry out normal temperature Secondary Fermentation; fermentation time remains 10 ~ 15 days summer and autumns; winter-spring season 20 ~ 25 days; throwing is turned over once in 5 ~ 8 days in interval during the fermentation; turn over and to start Aeration fan after throwing in 30 ~ 40 minutes and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, and then push into fertilizer heap, turn over throwing and oxygenation next time;
6) granulation
After fertilizer after second time fermentation is carried out sieving, pulverizing, carrying out drum granulating by fertilizers input drum equipment, processing with carrying out spraying containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution to it before fertilizer enters drum equipment;
7) pack
Granular fertilizer is carried out air-dry after be packaged into finished product.
Preferred version is: the preferred sheep excrement of the ight soil described in step 1, chicken manure, pig manure mix with the ratio of 2:2:1.
Preferred version is: stir mixture in pre fermentation process.
Preferred version is: described in step 6 containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution in hair: water: the vitriol oil=1:2:2 ratio allotment.
Preferred version is: the biological inoculum described in step 4 is complex micro organism fungicide-VT microbial inoculum.
Beneficial effect of the present invention: organic fertilizer production technique of the present invention, comprise repeatedly ferment, turn over throwing and aerating step, organism in waste material is become thoroughly decomposed completely, make technique composting time short, organic fertilizer efficiency high, and spray in granulation process containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution, organic fertility is strengthened obviously, and product appearance light is good-looking.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail:
Embodiment one
1) raw material mixture
By comprise the ight soil of 60 parts, the straw of 10 parts, the waste water of 10 parts and 3 parts the mixture of fermented bacterium stir, be stirred to mixture water content after 60%, pour mixture into fermentation vat, the preferred sheep excrement of ight soil, chicken manure, pig manure mix with the ratio of 2:2:1;
2) pre fermentation
Put in fermentation vat by the mixture of mixture, temperature, 20 DEG C of bottom fermentations 72 hours, in the process of fermentation, stirs mixture;
3) dewater
Raw material after pre fermentation is sent into extruding tripping device, obtain the mixture of moisture 30%;
4) first time fermentation
Mixture after dehydration is put in fermentation vat; temperature was 80 DEG C of bottom fermentations 90 hours; in the process of fermentation; add biological inoculum 5 parts; throwing was turned over once to mixture in 10 hours; turn over to throw in latter 10 minutes and start Aeration fan and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, ensure fermenting speed, the biological inoculum described in step 4 is complex micro organism fungicide-VT microbial inoculum;
5) second time fermentation
Become the fertilizer of 2 meters wide, 1.0 meters high to pile the raw material pile after first time fermentation to be transported to push away and to put in canopy; carry out normal temperature Secondary Fermentation; fermentation time remains 10 days summer and autumns; winter-spring season 20 days; within 5 days, turn over throwing once during the fermentation; turn over to throw in latter 30 minutes and start Aeration fan and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, and then push into stockpile, turn over throwing and oxygenation next time;
6) granulation
After mixture after second time fermentation is carried out sieving, pulverizing; mixture is dropped in drum equipment and carry out drum granulating; before raw material enters drum equipment, with containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution, spraying process is carried out, containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution in hair: water to raw material: the ratio allotment of the vitriol oil=1:2:2;
7) pack
Granular fertilizer is carried out air-dry after be packaged into finished product.
The fertilizer index obtained through above-mentioned steps is as follows:
Organic content (in butt)/%: >=60
Total nutrient (nitrogen+Vanadium Pentoxide in FLAKES+potassium oxide) content (in butt)/%: >=8
Moisture (free-water) content/% :≤25
Acidity-basicity ph: 5.5 ~ 8.0
Living bacteria count: >=0.2 hundred million/g
Embodiment two
1) raw material mixture
By comprise the ight soil of 80 parts, the straw of 20 parts, the waste water of 15 parts and 5 parts the mixture of fermented bacterium stir, be stirred to mixture water content after 80%, pour mixture into fermentation vat, the preferred sheep excrement of ight soil, chicken manure, pig manure mix with the ratio of 2:2:1;
2) pre fermentation
Put in fermentation vat by the mixture of mixture, temperature, 25 DEG C of bottom fermentations 90 hours, in the process of fermentation, stirs mixture;
3) dewater
Raw material after pre fermentation is sent into extruding tripping device, obtain the mixture of moisture 40%;
4) first time fermentation
Mixture after dehydration is put in fermentation vat; temperature was 90 DEG C of bottom fermentations 120 hours; in the process of fermentation; add biological inoculum 8 parts; throwing was turned over once to mixture in 12 hours; turn over to throw in latter 20 minutes and start Aeration fan and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, ensure fermenting speed, the biological inoculum described in step 4 is complex micro organism fungicide-VT microbial inoculum;
5) second time fermentation
Become the fertilizer of 2 meters wide, 1.5 meters high to pile the raw material pile after first time fermentation to be transported to push away and to put in canopy; carry out normal temperature Secondary Fermentation; fermentation time remains 15 days summer and autumns; winter-spring season 25 days; within 8 days, turn over throwing once during the fermentation; turn over to throw in latter 40 minutes and start Aeration fan and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, and then push into stockpile, turn over throwing and oxygenation next time;
6) granulation
After mixture after second time fermentation is carried out sieving, pulverizing; mixture is dropped in drum equipment and carry out drum granulating; before raw material enters drum equipment, with containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution, spraying process is carried out, containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution in hair: water to raw material: the ratio allotment of the vitriol oil=1:2:2;
7) pack
Granular fertilizer is carried out air-dry after be packaged into finished product.
The fertilizer index obtained through above-mentioned steps is as follows:
Organic content (in butt)/%: >=65
(nitrogen+five is oxidized two to total nutrient; Phosphorus+potassium oxide) content (in butt)/% >=10
Moisture (free-water) content/%≤30
Acidity-basicity ph: 6.5 ~ 8.5
Living bacteria count: >=0.2 hundred million/g.

Claims (5)

1. a biological organic fertilizer production technique, is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
1) raw material mixture
By comprise the ight soil of 60 ~ 80 parts, the straw of 10 ~ 20 parts, the waste water of 10 ~ 15 parts and 3 ~ 5 parts the mixture of fermented bacterium stir, be stirred to mixture water content after 60 ~ 80%, pour mixture into fermentation vat;
2) pre fermentation
Put in fermentation vat by the mixture of mixture, temperature was 20 ~ 25 DEG C of bottom fermentations 72 ~ 90 hours;
3) dewater
Mixture after pre fermentation is sent into extruding tripping device, obtain the mixture of moisture 30 ~ 40%;
4) first time fermentation
Mixture after dehydration is put in fermentation vat; temperature was 80 ~ 90 DEG C of bottom fermentations 90 ~ 120 hours; in the process of fermentation; add biological inoculum 5 ~ 8 parts; throwing is turned over once to mixture in 10 ~ 12 hours in interval; turn over and to start Aeration fan after throwing in 10 ~ 20 minutes and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, ensure fermenting speed;
5) second time fermentation
Become the fertilizer of 2 meters wide, 1.0 ~ 1.5 meters high to pile the mixture pile after first time fermentation to be transported to push away and to put in canopy; carry out normal temperature Secondary Fermentation; fermentation time remains 10 ~ 15 days summer and autumns; winter-spring season 20 ~ 25 days; throwing is turned over once in 5 ~ 8 days in interval during the fermentation; turn over and to start Aeration fan after throwing in 30 ~ 40 minutes and to ventilate in fermentation materials oxygenation, and then push into fertilizer heap, turn over throwing and oxygenation next time;
6) granulation
After fertilizer after second time fermentation is carried out sieving, pulverizing, carrying out drum granulating by fertilizers input drum equipment, processing with carrying out spraying containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution to it before fertilizer enters drum equipment;
7) pack
Granular fertilizer is carried out air-dry after be packaged into finished product.
2. biological organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the ight soil described in step 1 mixes with the ratio of 2:2:1 in sheep excrement, chicken manure, pig manure.
3. biological organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, stirs in pre fermentation process to fertilizer.
4. biological organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described in step 6 containing amino acid whose hydrolyzed solution in hair: water: the vitriol oil=1:2:2 ratio allotment.
5. biological organic fertilizer production technique according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the biological inoculum described in step 4 is complex micro organism fungicide-VT microbial inoculum.
CN201310576504.3A 2013-11-18 2013-11-18 A kind of biological organic fertilizer production technique Active CN103694006B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104030736A (en) * 2014-06-05 2014-09-10 金银锁 Method for producing organic fertilizer by using livestock and poultry breeding waste
CN104478570A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-04-01 河南金地宝生态肥业有限公司 Microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104926448A (en) * 2015-06-06 2015-09-23 安旭峰 Bioorganic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104926496A (en) * 2015-06-15 2015-09-23 广西大学 Particle microorganism fertilizer and manufacturing method thereof
CN104961585B (en) * 2015-07-06 2018-03-16 华中农业大学 A kind of method of two-step fermentation production functional microorganism fertilizer and application
CN105820010A (en) * 2016-04-01 2016-08-03 镇远县万恒科技有限公司 Chicken manure organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN106187366A (en) * 2016-07-01 2016-12-07 阜南县张氏畜牧养殖有限公司 A kind of Processing Method for Chicken Manure
CN107473895A (en) * 2017-09-15 2017-12-15 佛山科学技术学院 The animal waste processing method that a kind of fermentation time is short, cost is low
CN108249968A (en) * 2018-01-19 2018-07-06 甘肃星硕生物科技有限公司 A kind of fake and inferior capsuled seed is innoxious to destroy regenerating organic fertilizer method
CN109650958A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-04-19 湖北绿鑫生态科技有限公司 Straw compost technique, organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN115536447A (en) * 2022-11-10 2022-12-30 王海峰 Production process of green organic fertilizer

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CN102249758A (en) * 2010-05-18 2011-11-23 金松亭 Comprehensive utilizing method of novel organic fertilizer processed from livestock and poultry excrement and constructed wetland
CN102942423B (en) * 2012-10-18 2014-03-05 合肥科友生物科技有限公司 Specialized organic/inorganic composite biological medicine fertilizer for watermelon, and preparation method thereof
CN103086770A (en) * 2013-02-01 2013-05-08 云南顺丰生物科技肥业开发有限公司 Preparation method of pollution-free organic fertilizer
CN103145463B (en) * 2013-04-06 2014-06-11 郑晓华 Organic fertilizer with livestock and poultry manure and preparation method thereof

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Address after: 532703 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Nanning Guangxi city Longan County, the town Tong 102 class highway 1752 kilometers

Patentee after: GUANGXI JINSUI BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 532703 the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Longan County, the town road that hyakuji Tong Tong junction

Patentee before: GUANGXI JINSUI BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

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Address after: 532703 200m west of 005 Township Road, natong Town, Long'an County, Nanning City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

Patentee after: Guangxi Jinsui Ecological Technology Group Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 532703 1752 km of Nanbai class II Highway, natong Town, Long'an County, Nanning City, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region

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