CN103688636B - Broadcast application mechanism - Google Patents

Broadcast application mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103688636B
CN103688636B CN201310686809.XA CN201310686809A CN103688636B CN 103688636 B CN103688636 B CN 103688636B CN 201310686809 A CN201310686809 A CN 201310686809A CN 103688636 B CN103688636 B CN 103688636B
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China
Prior art keywords
broadcast application
parts
charging tray
screw feeding
fertilizer
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Application number
CN201310686809.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103688636A (en
Inventor
毕道才
毕杰
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Anhui Lingyang Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd
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Anhui Lingyang Agricultural Machinery Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN201310686809.XA priority Critical patent/CN103688636B/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to agriculture fertilizer spreader tool field, be specifically related to a kind of broadcast application mechanism.The present invention includes the rotating shaft and the sheathed screw feeding parts be fixed in rotating shaft that are connected with driving mechanism, and the downside of described screw feeding parts is provided with for distributing the tripper spreading fertilizing amount.This broadcast application mechanism is made up of screw feeding parts and tripper, and screw feeding parts are used for the fertilizer in fertilizer can be delivered in tripper, and the setting of screw feeding parts, not only ensure that the smooth downslide of fertilizer, also serve the effect of uniform distribution simultaneously; Tripper comprises charging tray, and the circumference of charging tray is evenly equipped with multiple broadcast application parts; The square tube shape that described broadcast application parts are recording quantity, three side sealing closes, and the unlimited one side of broadcast application parts is arranged on the one side be positioned on rear side of charging tray direction of rotation of broadcast application parts.This broadcast application mechanism not only structure is simple, and cost is low, and can guarantee that fertilising evenly, and stable and reliable for performance, operating efficiency is high.

Description

Broadcast application mechanism
Technical field
The invention belongs to agriculture fertilizer spreader tool field, be specifically related to a kind of broadcast application mechanism.
Background technology
Along with expanding economy, in agricultural production, the use of agricultural machinery gets more and more, such as sower and combine etc., significantly reduce the labour intensity of peasant, also drastically increase efficiency, but in this link of fertilising, how preparing the comparatively uniform broadcast application machinery of fertilising is at present a technical problem urgently to be resolved hurrily.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of broadcast application mechanism, this broadcast application mechanism not only structure is simple, and cost is low, and can guarantee that fertilising evenly, and stable and reliable for performance, operating efficiency is high.
For achieving the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme: a kind of broadcast application mechanism, mechanism comprises the rotating shaft and the sheathed screw feeding parts be fixed in rotating shaft that are connected with driving mechanism, and the downside of described screw feeding parts is provided with for distributing the tripper spreading fertilizing amount.
Meanwhile, the present invention can also be able to further realization by following technical measures:
Preferably, described tripper comprises the charging tray be connected as a single entity with screw feeding parts, and screw feeding parts are arranged on the upper middle side part of described charging tray; Described charging tray is evenly equipped with multiple broadcast application parts along its circumference; Described broadcast application parts are provided with into Fei Kou towards the side of screw feeding parts, and the side away from screw feeding parts is provided with fertilizer outlet; Adjacent broadcast application parts enter the baffle plate being provided with between fertile mouth and being fixed on charging tray, the fertile mouth that enters of described baffle plate and broadcast application parts connects successively and is jointly linked to be the batching region be trapped among by screw feeding parts wherein.
Preferably, the square tube shape that described broadcast application parts are recording quantity, three side sealing closes, the unlimited one side of broadcast application parts is arranged on the one side be positioned on rear side of charging tray direction of rotation of broadcast application parts.
Preferably, described baffle plate is made up of enclosing portion and mouth-sealed portion, and described enclosing portion is arc-shaped, and enclosing portion be arranged on adjacent broadcast application parts enter between fertile mouth; Described mouth-sealed portion is tabular, and mouth-sealed portion be sealed on broadcast application parts open wide one side near entering the position of Fei Kouchu.
Further, the fertilizer outlet side of described broadcast application parts is stretched out in the outside of described charging tray, and the fertilizer outlet of broadcast application parts is in the shape that is upturned.
Further, spacing is had between close charging tray outer rim one end of described mouth-sealed portion and charging tray outer rim.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
1) the broadcast application mechanism, in the present invention is made up of screw feeding parts and tripper, screw feeding parts are used for the fertilizer in fertilizer can be delivered in tripper, the setting of screw feeding parts, not only ensure that the smooth downslide of fertilizer, also serves the effect of uniform distribution simultaneously.
2) tripper, in the present invention comprises charging tray, and the circumference of charging tray is evenly equipped with multiple broadcast application parts; The square tube shape that described broadcast application parts are recording quantity, three side sealing closes, and the unlimited one side of broadcast application parts is arranged on the one side be positioned on rear side of charging tray direction of rotation of broadcast application parts.When fertilizer is delivered to after on charging tray from screw feeding parts, because charging tray does not stop to rotate under the drive of rotating shaft, then fertilizer will enter broadcast application parts by entering Fei Kou under the influence of centrifugal force, the a part of fertilizer entered in broadcast application parts will be fallen on the nearer soil of distance charging tray by open surface, another part fertilizer then throws away through fertilizer outlet place under the influence of centrifugal force and falls on distance charging tray soil far away, thus achieves omnibearing fertilising from the near to the remote.
3), the fertilizer outlet of broadcast application parts, in the shape that is upturned, is conducive to fertilizer and gets rid of to soil far away, thus expand fertilising scope further in the present invention.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of fertilizer distributor.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of broadcast application mechanism.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the discharging portion in fertilizer distributor in fertile amount governor motion.
Fig. 4 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of fertile amount governor motion in fertilizer distributor.
Reference numeral implication in figure is as follows:
10-frame, 20-fertilizer can, 21-positive stop strip, 30-running gear
31-power transmission shaft, 32-road wheel, 40-fertile amount governor motion, 41-outlet member
411-capping, 412-discharging sleeve, 413-base plate, 414-dispensing cartridge
415-bolt hole, 416-poke hole, 417-discharging space, 42-regulating sleeve
43-adjusting rod 44-location swing handle 45-stir material parts 50-fertilizer distributor
51-rotating shaft, 52-screw feeding parts, 53-charging tray, 54-broadcast application parts
55-baffle plate, 551-enclosing portion, 552-mouth-sealed portion, 56-batching region
60-driving mechanism, 61-driving gear, 62-driven gear
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.
As shown in figures 1-4, fertilizer distributor comprises frame 10, and described frame 10 is fixed with fertilizer can 20, and the downside of described frame 10 is provided with running gear 30, discharge outlet on the downside of described fertilizer can 20 is provided with fertile amount governor motion 40, and the downside of described fertilizer amount governor motion 40 is provided with broadcast application mechanism 50; Fertilizer distributor also comprises the driving mechanism 60 ordering about broadcast application mechanism 50 action.
As shown in Figure 3,4, described fertilizer amount governor motion 40 comprises the outlet member 41 being installed in fertilizer can 20 discharge outlet, outlet member 41 comprises the capping 411 with hollow cavity being installed in fertilizer can 20 discharge outlet, the intermediate openings place of capping 411 upper surface is provided with and raises up and stretch into the discharging sleeve 412 of fertilizer can 20, discharging sleeve 412 is provided with the discharging space 417 passed through for fertilizer, and described discharging sleeve 412 is set in rotating shaft 51; The lower side seal of capping 411 is provided with base plate 413, and described discharging sleeve 412, capping 411 and base plate 413 surround the cavity for holding regulating sleeve 42 jointly.
The peripheral side of capping 411 is provided with poke hole 416; The adjusting rod 43 of horizontal segment is connected with the bottom of regulating sleeve 42 through the poke hole 416 in capping 411, and the adjusting rod 43 of vertical section is provided with location swing handle 44.The downside of described base plate 413 is provided with the dispensing cartridge 414 be set in outside described screw feeding parts 52;
As shown in Figure 2, described broadcast application mechanism 50 comprises rotating shaft 51 and the sheathed screw feeding parts 52 be fixed in rotating shaft 51, screw feeding parts 52 are arranged on the downside of described base plate 413, and the downside of described screw feeding parts 52 is provided with the charging tray 53 be connected as a single entity with it, charging tray 53 is evenly equipped with six broadcast application parts 54 along its circumference; Described broadcast application parts 54 are provided with into Fei Kou towards the side of screw feeding parts 52, and the side away from screw feeding parts 52 is provided with fertilizer outlet; Adjacent broadcast application parts 54 enter the baffle plate 55 being provided with between fertile mouth and being fixed on charging tray 53, the fertile mouth that enters of described baffle plate 55 and broadcast application parts 54 connects successively and is jointly linked to be the batching region 56 be trapped among by screw feeding parts 52 wherein.
The square tube shape that described broadcast application parts 54 are recording quantity, three side sealing closes, the unlimited one side of broadcast application parts 54 is arranged on the one side be positioned on rear side of charging tray 53 direction of rotation of broadcast application parts 54, and the direction indicated by the arrow in Fig. 2 is charging tray 53 direction of rotation operationally.
As shown in Figure 2, described baffle plate 55 is made up of enclosing portion 551 and mouth-sealed portion 552, described enclosing portion 551 in arc-shaped, and enclosing portion 551 be arranged on adjacent broadcast application parts 54 enter between fertile mouth; Described mouth-sealed portion 552 in tabular, and mouth-sealed portion 552 be sealed on broadcast application parts 54 open wide one side near the position entering Fei Kouchu.The fertilizer outlet side of broadcast application parts 54 is stretched out in the outside of described charging tray 53, and the fertilizer outlet of broadcast application parts 54 is in the shape that is upturned.
As shown in Figure 2, described enclosing portion 551 in two adjacent broadcast application parts 54 enter the arc-shaped that fertile mouth is directly connected, thus be convenient to flowing without dead angle of fertilizer; The length of described mouth-sealed portion 552 is shorter, spacing is had between close charging tray 54 outer rim one end of mouth-sealed portion 552 and charging tray 54 outer rim, then now fertilizer can enter charging tray 53 region of outside, enclosing portion 551 (i.e. the side deviating from screw feeding parts 52 in enclosing portion 551) from the open surface of broadcast application parts 54, thus the charging tray region that the outside wall surface in enclosing portion 551 and two adjacent broadcast application parts 54 surround also becomes broadcast application region, thus substantially increase the uniformity of broadcast application.
As shown in Figure 1, described driving mechanism 60 comprises driving gear 61 and driven gear 62, and described driving gear 61 fixed cover is located on the power transmission shaft 31 of running gear 30, and the two ends of power transmission shaft 31 are provided with road wheel 32; Described frame 10 is matched with power transmission shaft 31 by bearing; Described driven gear 62 is fixed on the lower end place of described rotating shaft 51; Described driving gear 61 and driven gear 62 are bevel gear and intermesh.
The course of work below in conjunction with Fig. 1 ~ 4 pair fertilizer distributor is described further:
Discharging sleeve 412 is inserted the inside of fertilizer can 20 from the discharge outlet of fertilizer can 20, capping 411 and fertilizer can 20, in the discharge outlet of fertilizer can 20, are then fixed together by bolt by now capping 411 shutoff; Regulating sleeve 42 is set in from top to bottom in rotating shaft 51, and make regulating sleeve 42 be set in the outside of screw feeding parts 52, again rotating shaft 51 is inserted from the downside of capping 411, and the upper end of rotating shaft 51 is stretched out from the top fabrication hole of discharging sleeve 412, then set firmly at the upper end place of rotating shaft 51 and stir material parts 45, then base plate 413 is bolted with capping 411 connects.
Stir adjusting rod 43, regulating sleeve 42 and discharging sleeve 412 are matched obtain suitable to go out fertile effectively passage, then rotational positioning swing handle 44, on the positive stop strip 21 that adjusting rod 43 is fixed in fertilizer can 20 outside wall surface, the size also namely using fertile effectively passage is fixed.What is called go out fertile effectively passage and discharging space 417 for the actual cross section passed through of fertilizer institute energy.
During work, promote fertilizer distributor by manpower or tractor to move, now road wheel 32 rotates, power transmission shaft 31 between two road wheels 32 also rotates thereupon, driving gear 61 rotates under the drive of power transmission shaft 31, driving gear 61 drives driven gear 62 to rotate immediately, and driven gear 62 drives rotating shaft 51 to rotate.
When rotating shaft 51 is rotated, stir material parts 45 to move in the exit not stall of fertilizer can 20 thereupon, thus play the effect of stirring and smashing bulk fertilizer, discharging space 417 place of fertilizer after crushed on discharging sleeve 412 enters the hollow cavity of capping 411, and fertilizer is delivered to batching region 45 place on charging tray 52 immediately along screw feeding parts 52.All follow rotating shaft 51 due to screw feeding parts 52 and charging tray 52 to rotate, then under the influence of centrifugal force, what fertilizer entered each broadcast application parts 54 comparatively uniformly respectively enters Fei Kouchu.
As shown in Figure 2, the mouth-sealed portion 552 of baffle plate 55 is shorter, and it only plays and guides fertilizer from entering the broadcast application parts 54 that Fei Kouchu enters square tube shape.The a part of fertilizer entering broadcast application parts 54 is trickled down on the soil nearer to distance charging tray from the edge of broadcast application parts 54 open surface and charging tray 53 immediately, another part fertilizer then throws away through fertilizer outlet place under the influence of centrifugal force and falls on distance charging tray soil far away, thus achieves omnibearing uniform fertilising from the near to the remote.

Claims (3)

1. a broadcast application mechanism, it is characterized in that: mechanism comprises the rotating shaft (51) and the sheathed screw feeding parts (52) be fixed in rotating shaft (51) that are connected with driving mechanism, and the downside of described screw feeding parts (52) is provided with for distributing the tripper spreading fertilizing amount;
Described tripper comprises the charging tray (53) be connected as a single entity with screw feeding parts (52), and screw feeding parts (52) are arranged on the upper middle side part of described charging tray (53); Described charging tray (53) is evenly equipped with multiple broadcast application parts (54) along its circumference; Described broadcast application parts (54) are provided with into Fei Kou towards the side of screw feeding parts (52), and the side away from screw feeding parts (52) is provided with fertilizer outlet; Adjacent broadcast application parts (54) enter the baffle plate (55) being provided with between fertile mouth and being fixed on charging tray (53), the fertile mouth that enters of described baffle plate (55) and broadcast application parts (54) connects successively and is jointly linked to be the batching region (56) be trapped among by screw feeding parts (52) wherein;
Described broadcast application parts (54) in recording quantity, the square tube shape that closes of three side sealing, the unlimited one side of broadcast application parts (54) is arranged on the one side be positioned on rear side of charging tray (53) direction of rotation of broadcast application parts (54);
Described baffle plate (55) is made up of enclosing portion (551) and mouth-sealed portion (552), described enclosing portion (551) in arc-shaped, and enclosing portion (551) be arranged on adjacent broadcast application parts (54) enter between fertile mouth; Described mouth-sealed portion (552) in tabular, and mouth-sealed portion (552) be sealed on broadcast application parts (54) open wide one side near entering the position of Fei Kouchu.
2. broadcast application mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the fertilizer outlet side of described broadcast application parts (54) is stretched out in the outside of described charging tray (53), and the fertilizer outlet of broadcast application parts (54) is in the shape that is upturned.
3. broadcast application mechanism according to claim 1, is characterized in that: have spacing between close charging tray (53) outer rim one end of described mouth-sealed portion (552) and charging tray (53) outer rim.
CN201310686809.XA 2013-12-13 2013-12-13 Broadcast application mechanism Active CN103688636B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103688636B true CN103688636B (en) 2015-11-18

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104521382A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 安徽省农业科学院农业工程研究所 Uniform spreading turntable of multi-functional sowing and fertilizer spreading machine
CN104521393A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-22 安徽灵杨农机制造有限公司 Fertilizer spreading mechanism
CN105103755A (en) * 2015-08-29 2015-12-02 董刚 Fertilizer spreading seeder
CN107172943A (en) * 2017-07-14 2017-09-19 赵南南 It is a kind of to facilitate the agricultural fertilizer device that chemical fertilizer is write freely and easily
CN107952381B (en) * 2017-11-28 2020-06-09 成都农业科技职业学院 Particle disperser and unmanned aerial vehicle
CN110972654A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-10 河南科技大学 Agricultural mechanized fertilizer injection unit

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB834114A (en) * 1957-12-02 1960-05-04 Blackstone & Co Ltd Machine for spreading artificial fertilizers, gravel and the like
EP0240734A1 (en) * 1986-03-08 1987-10-14 Amazonen-Werke H. Dreyer GmbH & Co. KG Fertilizer broadcaster
DE102006019477A1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2007-10-31 Amazonen-Werke H. Dreyer Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for sprinkling granular substances
CN201107894Y (en) * 2007-11-13 2008-09-03 李建伟 Manure spreaders
CN201571331U (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-09-08 黄东征 High efficiency fertilizer applicator
CN201894070U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-07-13 黄东征 Broadcast sowing plate for fertilizer distributor
CN201905031U (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-27 张德林 Fertilizer distributor capable of adjusting fertilizer quantity
CN202310564U (en) * 2011-11-14 2012-07-11 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Fertilizer spreader

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB834114A (en) * 1957-12-02 1960-05-04 Blackstone & Co Ltd Machine for spreading artificial fertilizers, gravel and the like
EP0240734A1 (en) * 1986-03-08 1987-10-14 Amazonen-Werke H. Dreyer GmbH & Co. KG Fertilizer broadcaster
DE102006019477A1 (en) * 2006-04-26 2007-10-31 Amazonen-Werke H. Dreyer Gmbh & Co. Kg Device for sprinkling granular substances
CN201107894Y (en) * 2007-11-13 2008-09-03 李建伟 Manure spreaders
CN201571331U (en) * 2009-11-27 2010-09-08 黄东征 High efficiency fertilizer applicator
CN201894070U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-07-13 黄东征 Broadcast sowing plate for fertilizer distributor
CN201905031U (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-07-27 张德林 Fertilizer distributor capable of adjusting fertilizer quantity
CN202310564U (en) * 2011-11-14 2012-07-11 北京农业信息技术研究中心 Fertilizer spreader

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Address after: 234211 Yang Tuan street, Lingbi County, Anhui, Suzhou

Patentee after: Anhui Lingyang Machinery Equipment Co., Ltd

Address before: 234211 Yang Tuan street, Lingbi County, Anhui, Suzhou

Patentee before: Anhui Lingyang Agricultural Machinery Manufacturing Co., Ltd.