CN103613447B - A kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN103613447B
CN103613447B CN201310550275.8A CN201310550275A CN103613447B CN 103613447 B CN103613447 B CN 103613447B CN 201310550275 A CN201310550275 A CN 201310550275A CN 103613447 B CN103613447 B CN 103613447B
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parts
powder
sulfate
fertilizer
root
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CN103613447A (en
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吴志刚
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Suzhou Rencheng Bio-Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Suzhou Rencheng Bio-Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof, belong to technical field of biological fertilizer, it is characterized in that: by corn stalk powder, fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, rice straw powder, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, microbial strains agent etc.; The present invention selects multiple material formulated, ratio between various nutrition is moderate, the speed of growth of crop can be improved, change the ecotope of plant rhizosphere, be easy to root system of plant absorb simultaneously, there is strong root of improving the soil, reconcile soil acidity or alkalinity, decomposing in soil and not easily decompose the nutrient be fixed, is the desirable fertilizer producing green organic products.Main raw material wide material sources, cheap, production technique is simply easy to promote.

Description

A kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof
technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof, belong to technical field of biological fertilizer.
background technology:
China has a large population, it is few to plough, and along with successively decreasing year by year in the development arable land in population growth, industry and city.For this reason, China increases the unique feasible approach of agricultural output is increase the yield per unit area.Fertilizer is the grain of plant, and fertilising ensures the requisite means of high crop yield, stable yields in agricultural production process.The fertilizer used at present mainly contains single mineral manure, organic-inorganic compound fertilizer and compound manure.According to statistics, mineral manure to the contribution rate of grain greatly about about 35%, although volume increase, increase income in have certain effect, long-term application, a lot of drawback can be produced, occur that Soil structure destroys, degradation bad phenomenon under organic content, causes its water conservation, fertilizer conservation, poor air permeability, be difficult to the actual growth needs meeting farm crop, thus making crop growth slow, disease and pest is serious, causes the underproduction; Organic-inorganic compound fertilizer lacks the beneficial microorganism fully decomposed organic matter, causes fertilizer efficiency not obvious.Organic fertilizer normally adopts the way of stack retting to obtain to being rich in organic waste, but exist consuming time, take a lot of work, pollute and the drawback of nutrient loss, also result in the propagation of pathogenic bacteria simultaneously, certain disadvantageous effect caused to farm crop, soil and environment.The fertilizer of domestic many kinds is very different simultaneously, and what have with the addition of a large amount of chemical fertilizer in fertilizer, and the clear-cut use livestocks faces had is processed, and the amount of application also had is few, can not as main fertilising, and price is high.
summary of the invention:
The present invention seeks to, be used for making up the deficiencies in the prior art, and provide a kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof, reduce the pollution level of underground water source, protect eco-land planning, cost is low.
To achieve these goals, Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency of the present invention, is characterized in that: by corn stalk powder, fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, pig manure, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, nano controlled-release carrier, microbial strains agent;
Described corn stalk powder is 60 ~ 80 parts;
Described fallen leaves powder is 70 ~ 90 parts;
Described root-growing agent is 10 ~ 20 parts;
Described pig manure is 30 ~ 50 parts;
Described vinasse are 10 ~ 20 parts;
Described urea is 5 ~ 10 parts;
Described potato straw powder is 50 ~ 60 parts;
Described ammonium sulfate is 1 ~ 3 part;
Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 20 ~ 30 parts;
Described sweet potato powder is 15 ~ 30 parts;
Described Repone K is 5 ~ 8 parts;
Described zinc sulfate is 4 ~ 8 parts;
Described ferrous sulfate is 2 ~ 5 parts;
Described borax is 1 ~ 3 part;
Described peanut hull meal is 20 ~ 30 parts;
Described copper sulfate is 2 ~ 4 parts;
Described nano controlled-release carrier 20-25 part;
Described microbial strains agent is 10 ~ 14 parts;
Described number is parts by weight;
The preparation method of described nano controlled-release carrier is:
(1) silicone hydroxyl phosphatic rock, Attapulgite, hydrotalcite, polynite, titanium dioxide, calcite, kaolin are mixed according to the mass fraction proportioning of 35-45:10-15: 10-15:8-10:8-10:7-8:5-7, join in the mixing solutions of 230 parts of methyl-sulphoxides (DMSO) and 50 parts of methyl alcohol, stir 60 hours in 65 DEG C, filter, and wash the excessive methyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) of 3 removings with the hot ethanol of 60 DEG C of temperature, put into vacuum drying oven, 60 DEG C of temperature dryings 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains a modified composite;
(2) by 1 part of modified composite, 15 parts of Potassium ethanoates and 25 parts of distilled water mixing, more than 10 hours are stirred in temperature 50 C, in temperature 30 DEG C, first disperse 3.5 hours under ultrasonic electric power 350W condition, and then disperse 4 hours under ultrasonic electric power 250W condition.To filter, and with distilling washing 3 times, 80 DEG C of vacuum-drying 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains twice-modified mixture; (3) above-mentioned 1 part of twice-modified mixture is disperseed 60min at 600W power ultrasonic, be heated to 90 DEG C with constant temperature heating device, and stir (1200r/min) 60 minutes with mechanical stirrer; Obtain nano controlled-release carrier.
Described number is parts by weight.
Preferred version is as follows:
One,
Described corn stalk powder is 70 parts;
Described fallen leaves powder is 80 parts;
Described root-growing agent is 14 parts;
Described pig manure is 40 parts;
Described vinasse are 15 parts;
Described urea is 8 parts;
Described potato straw powder is 55 parts;
Described ammonium sulfate is 2 parts;
Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 23 parts;
Described sweet potato powder is 20 parts;
Described Repone K is 7 parts;
Described zinc sulfate is 6 parts;
Described ferrous sulfate is 3 parts;
Described borax is 2 parts;
Described peanut hull meal is 25 parts;
Described copper sulfate is 2 parts;
20 parts, described nano controlled-release carrier;
Described microbial strains agent is 12 parts.
Two,
Described corn stalk powder is 80 parts;
Described fallen leaves powder is 85 parts;
Described root-growing agent is 17 parts;
Described pig manure is 40 parts;
Described vinasse are 15 parts;
Described urea is 6 parts;
Described potato straw powder is 55 parts;
Described ammonium sulfate is 3 parts;
Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 23 parts;
Described sweet potato powder is 26 parts;
Described Repone K is 7 parts;
Described zinc sulfate is 5 parts;
Described ferrous sulfate is 4 parts;
Described borax is 2 parts;
Described peanut hull meal is 30 parts;
Described copper sulfate is 3 parts;
25 parts, described nano controlled-release carrier;
Described microbial strains agent is 13 parts.
The preparation method of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency of the present invention comprises following step:
(A) fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, nano controlled-release carrier are required to send in stirring mixer to be uniformly mixed according to parts by weight, the stirring velocity of described stirring mixer is per minute 45 ~ 55 turns;
(B) raw material after being uniformly mixed is crossed 60 mesh sieves, then raw material is sent in fermentation vat and ferment, and the microbial strains agent dropped in fermentation vat according to parts by weight, and add water in fermentation vat, then bio-fermentation agent is added, temperature in fermentation vat is controlled, 30 ~ 40 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5 days, finally the liquid after fermentation is filtered;
(C) filter residue step (B) obtained mixes with according to the corn stalk powder of parts by weight and pig manure, obtain a mixing raw material, naturally dry, sealing is kept in Dark Place and 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization mixing raw materials 2 hours, finally send moisture eliminator to and carry out drying, obtain dried mixing raw material, the temperature of described moisture eliminator is set as 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and time of drying is 10 ~ 15 minutes.
(D) dried mixing raw material is made particle by tablets press.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:
The present invention selects multiple material formulated, ratio between various nutrition is moderate, achieve the good combination of microorganism fertilizer, fertilizer, inorganic fertilizer three kinds of fertilizer, played the group effect of 1+1+1>3, have the advantages that to reduce environmental pollution, change the ecotope of plant rhizosphere, be easy to root system of plant absorb simultaneously, there is strong root of improving the soil, reconcile soil acidity or alkalinity, decomposing in soil and not easily decompose the nutrient be fixed, is the desirable fertilizer producing green organic products.Main raw material wide material sources, cheap, production technique is simply easy to promote.Hydroxyapatite also has biodegradability properties, and gained degraded product is various trace elements ion, and these elements can be gradually resorbed.Nano controlled-release additive has good biocompatibility, gastrointestinal tract mucous affinity, each component making it load has controlled-release function, all improve a lot through twice-modified nano-complex drug loading and adsorptive capacity, fertilizer efficiency time lengthening more than 3 months, the increment of effective suppression animal pathogen, improves the benefit of the producer.
embodiment:
The technique means realized to make the present invention, creation characteristic, reaching object and effect is easy to understand, setting forth the present invention further below.
Embodiment 1:
In the present embodiment, described corn stalk powder is 70 parts; Described fallen leaves powder is 80 parts; Described root-growing agent is 14 parts; Described pig manure is 40 parts; Described vinasse are 15 parts; Described urea is 8 parts; Described potato straw powder is 55 parts; Described ammonium sulfate is 2 parts; Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 23 parts; Described sweet potato powder is 20 parts; Described Repone K is 7 parts; Described zinc sulfate is 6 parts; Described ferrous sulfate is 3 parts; Described borax is 2 parts; Described peanut hull meal is 25 parts; Described copper sulfate is 2 parts; 20 parts, described nano controlled-release carrier;
; Described microbial strains agent is 12 parts.
The preparation method of the Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency described in the present embodiment comprises following step:
(A) fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, nano controlled-release carrier are required to send in stirring mixer to be uniformly mixed according to parts by weight, the stirring velocity of described stirring mixer is per minute 50 turns;
(B) raw material after being uniformly mixed is crossed 60 mesh sieves, then raw material is sent in fermentation vat and ferment, and the microbial strains agent dropped in fermentation vat according to parts by weight, and add water in fermentation vat, then bio-fermentation agent is added, temperature in fermentation vat is controlled, 35 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5 days, finally the liquid after fermentation is filtered;
(C) filter residue step (B) obtained mixes with according to the corn stalk powder of parts by weight and pig manure, obtain a mixing raw material, naturally dry, sealing is kept in Dark Place and 130 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization mixing raw materials 2 hours, finally send moisture eliminator to and carry out drying, obtain dried mixing raw material, the temperature of described moisture eliminator is set as 130 DEG C, and time of drying is 13 minutes.
(D) dried mixing raw material is made particle by tablets press.
The preparation method of described nano controlled-release carrier is:
(1) silicone hydroxyl phosphatic rock, Attapulgite, hydrotalcite, polynite, titanium dioxide, calcite, kaolin are mixed according to the mass fraction proportioning of 35-45:10-15: 10-15:8-10:8-10:7-8:5-7, join in the mixing solutions of 230 parts of methyl-sulphoxides (DMSO) and 50 parts of methyl alcohol, stir 60 hours in 65 DEG C, filter, and wash the excessive methyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) of 3 removings with the hot ethanol of 60 DEG C of temperature, put into vacuum drying oven, 60 DEG C of temperature dryings 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains a modified composite;
(2) by 1 part of modified composite, 15 parts of Potassium ethanoates and 25 parts of distilled water mixing, more than 10 hours are stirred in temperature 50 C, in temperature 30 DEG C, first disperse 3.5 hours under ultrasonic electric power 350W condition, and then disperse 4 hours under ultrasonic electric power 250W condition.To filter, and with distilling washing 3 times, 80 DEG C of vacuum-drying 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains twice-modified mixture; (3) above-mentioned 1 part of twice-modified mixture is disperseed 60min at 600W power ultrasonic, be heated to 90 DEG C with constant temperature heating device, and stir (1200r/min) 60 minutes with mechanical stirrer; Obtain nano controlled-release carrier.
Embodiment 2:
In this enforcement, described corn stalk powder is 80 parts; Described fallen leaves powder is 85 parts; Described root-growing agent is 17 parts; Described pig manure is 40 parts; Described vinasse are 15 parts; Described urea is 6 parts; Described potato straw powder is 55 parts; Described ammonium sulfate is 3 parts; Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 23 parts; Described sweet potato powder is 26 parts; Described Repone K is 7 parts; Described zinc sulfate is 5 parts; Described ferrous sulfate is 4 parts; Described borax is 2 parts; Described peanut hull meal is 30 parts; Described copper sulfate is 3 parts; 25 parts, described nano controlled-release carrier; Described microbial strains agent is 13 parts.
The preparation method of the Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency described in the present embodiment comprises following step:
(A) fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, nano controlled-release carrier are required to send in stirring mixer to be uniformly mixed according to parts by weight, the stirring velocity of described stirring mixer is per minute 50 turns;
(B) raw material after being uniformly mixed is crossed 60 mesh sieves, then raw material is sent in fermentation vat and ferment, and the microbial strains agent dropped in fermentation vat according to parts by weight, and add water in fermentation vat, then bio-fermentation agent is added, temperature in fermentation vat is controlled, 36 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5 days, finally the liquid after fermentation is filtered;
(C) filter residue step (B) obtained mixes with according to the corn stalk powder of parts by weight and pig manure, obtain a mixing raw material, naturally dry, sealing is kept in Dark Place and 135 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization mixing raw materials 2 hours, finally send moisture eliminator to and carry out drying, obtain dried mixing raw material, the temperature of described moisture eliminator is set as 125 DEG C, and time of drying is 15 minutes.
(D) dried mixing raw material is made particle by tablets press.
The preparation method of described nano controlled-release carrier is:
(1) silicone hydroxyl phosphatic rock, Attapulgite, hydrotalcite, polynite, titanium dioxide, calcite, kaolin are mixed according to the mass fraction proportioning of 35-45:10-15: 10-15:8-10:8-10:7-8:5-7, join in the mixing solutions of 230 parts of methyl-sulphoxides (DMSO) and 50 parts of methyl alcohol, stir 60 hours in 65 DEG C, filter, and wash the excessive methyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) of 3 removings with the hot ethanol of 60 DEG C of temperature, put into vacuum drying oven, 60 DEG C of temperature dryings 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains a modified composite;
(2) by 1 part of modified composite, 15 parts of Potassium ethanoates and 25 parts of distilled water mixing, more than 10 hours are stirred in temperature 50 C, in temperature 30 DEG C, first disperse 3.5 hours under ultrasonic electric power 350W condition, and then disperse 4 hours under ultrasonic electric power 250W condition.To filter, and with distilling washing 3 times, 80 DEG C of vacuum-drying 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains twice-modified mixture; (3) above-mentioned 1 part of twice-modified mixture is disperseed 60min at 600W power ultrasonic, be heated to 90 DEG C with constant temperature heating device, and stir (1200r/min) 60 minutes with mechanical stirrer; Obtain nano controlled-release carrier.
Hydroxyapatite also has biodegradability properties, and gained degraded product is various trace elements ion, and these elements can be gradually resorbed.Nano controlled-release additive has good biocompatibility, gastrointestinal tract mucous affinity, each component making it load has controlled-release function, all improve a lot through twice-modified nano-complex drug loading and adsorptive capacity, fertilizer efficiency time lengthening more than 3 months, the increment of effective suppression animal pathogen, improves the benefit of the producer.
More than show and describe ultimate principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technician of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and specification sheets just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (4)

1. a Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency, is characterized in that: be made up of corn stalk powder, fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, pig manure, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, nano controlled-release carrier, microbial strains agent;
Described corn stalk powder is 60 ~ 80 parts;
Described fallen leaves powder is 70 ~ 90 parts;
Described root-growing agent is 10 ~ 20 parts;
Described pig manure is 30 ~ 50 parts;
Described vinasse are 10 ~ 20 parts;
Described urea is 5 ~ 10 parts;
Described potato straw powder is 50 ~ 60 parts;
Described ammonium sulfate is 1 ~ 3 part;
Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 20 ~ 30 parts;
Described sweet potato powder is 15 ~ 30 parts;
Described Repone K is 5 ~ 8 parts;
Described zinc sulfate is 4 ~ 8 parts;
Described ferrous sulfate is 2 ~ 5 parts;
Described borax is 1 ~ 3 part;
Described peanut hull meal is 20 ~ 30 parts;
Described copper sulfate is 2 ~ 4 parts;
Described nano controlled-release carrier 20-25 part;
Described microbial strains agent is 10 ~ 14 parts;
Described number is parts by weight;
The preparation method of described nano controlled-release carrier is:
(1) silicone hydroxyl phosphatic rock, Attapulgite, hydrotalcite, polynite, titanium dioxide, calcite, kaolin are mixed according to the mass fraction proportioning of 35-45:10-15:10-15:8-10:8-10:7-8:5-7, join in the mixing solutions of 230 parts of methyl-sulphoxides (DMSO) and 50 parts of methyl alcohol, stir 60 hours in 65 DEG C, filter, and wash the excessive methyl-sulphoxide (DMSO) of 3 removings with the hot ethanol of 60 DEG C of temperature, put into vacuum drying oven, 60 DEG C of temperature dryings 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains a modified composite;
(2) by 1 part of modified composite, 15 parts of Potassium ethanoates and 25 parts of distilled water mixing, more than 10 hours are stirred in temperature 50 C, in temperature 30 DEG C, first disperse 3.5 hours under ultrasonic electric power 350W condition, and then disperse 4 hours under ultrasonic electric power 250W condition, filter, and with distilling washing 3 times, 80 DEG C of vacuum-drying 24 hours, grinding is sieved, and obtains twice-modified mixture;
(3) above-mentioned 1 part of twice-modified mixture is disperseed 60min at 600W power ultrasonic, be heated to 90 DEG C with constant temperature heating device, and stir 60 minutes with mechanical stirrer; Obtain nano controlled-release carrier.
2., according to the Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency described in claim 1, it is characterized in that,
Described corn stalk powder is 70 parts;
Described fallen leaves powder is 80 parts;
Described root-growing agent is 14 parts;
Described pig manure is 40 parts;
Described vinasse are 15 parts;
Described urea is 8 parts;
Described potato straw powder is 55 parts;
Described ammonium sulfate is 2 parts;
Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 23 parts;
Described sweet potato powder is 20 parts;
Described Repone K is 7 parts;
Described zinc sulfate is 6 parts;
Described ferrous sulfate is 3 parts;
Described borax is 2 parts;
Described peanut hull meal is 25 parts;
Described copper sulfate is 2 parts;
20 parts, described nano controlled-release carrier;
Described microbial strains agent is 12 parts.
3., according to the Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency described in claim 1, it is characterized in that,
Described corn stalk powder is 80 parts;
Described fallen leaves powder is 85 parts;
Described root-growing agent is 17 parts;
Described pig manure is 40 parts;
Described vinasse are 15 parts;
Described urea is 6 parts;
Described potato straw powder is 55 parts;
Described ammonium sulfate is 3 parts;
Described fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate is 23 parts;
Described sweet potato powder is 26 parts;
Described Repone K is 7 parts;
Described zinc sulfate is 5 parts;
Described ferrous sulfate is 4 parts;
Described borax is 2 parts;
Described peanut hull meal is 30 parts;
Described copper sulfate is 3 parts;
25 parts, described nano controlled-release carrier;
Described microbial strains agent is 13 parts.
4. the preparation method of the Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency according to Claims 2 or 3 any one, is characterized in that, comprises following step:
(A) fallen leaves powder, root-growing agent, vinasse, urea, potato straw powder, ammonium sulfate, fused(calcium magnesium)phosphate, sweet potato powder, Repone K, zinc sulfate, ferrous sulfate, borax, peanut hull meal, copper sulfate, nano controlled-release carrier powder are required to send in stirring mixer to be uniformly mixed according to parts by weight, the stirring velocity of described stirring mixer is per minute 45 ~ 55 turns;
(B) raw material after being uniformly mixed is crossed 60 mesh sieves, then raw material is sent in fermentation vat and ferment, and the microbial strains agent dropped in fermentation vat according to parts by weight, and add water in fermentation vat, then bio-fermentation agent is added, temperature in fermentation vat is controlled, 30 ~ 40 DEG C of bottom fermentations 5 days, finally the liquid after fermentation is filtered;
(C) filter residue step (B) obtained mixes with according to the corn stalk powder of parts by weight and pig manure, obtain a mixing raw material, naturally dry, sealing is kept in Dark Place and 120 ~ 140 DEG C of high-temperature sterilization mixing raw materials 2 hours, finally send moisture eliminator to and carry out drying, obtain dried mixing raw material, the temperature of described moisture eliminator is set as 120 ~ 140 DEG C, and time of drying is 10 ~ 15 minutes;
(D) dried mixing raw material is made particle by tablets press.
CN201310550275.8A 2013-11-08 2013-11-08 A kind of Polyelement slow release granular fertilizer with high fertilizer efficiency and preparation method thereof Expired - Fee Related CN103613447B (en)

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