CN103482037A - Small-sized tugboat - Google Patents

Small-sized tugboat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103482037A
CN103482037A CN201310433129.7A CN201310433129A CN103482037A CN 103482037 A CN103482037 A CN 103482037A CN 201310433129 A CN201310433129 A CN 201310433129A CN 103482037 A CN103482037 A CN 103482037A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
stern
tugboat
anchor
hull
superstructure
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310433129.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李广年
Original Assignee
浙江海洋学院
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 浙江海洋学院 filed Critical 浙江海洋学院
Priority to CN201310433129.7A priority Critical patent/CN103482037A/en
Publication of CN103482037A publication Critical patent/CN103482037A/en

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Abstract

A small-sized tugboat belongs to the technical field of tugboats and comprises a tugboat body, a mooring rope, a stern roller, a shark jaw, a large tow, a superstructure, an anchor windlass, anchors, bow propellers, a left propeller, a middle propeller, a right propeller and cushion tires. The tugboat body is formed by welding steel plates, the stern of the tugboat body is provided with the cylindrical stern roller, the superstructure is arranged on the upper surface of the main deck of the tugboat body, the anchor windlass is arranged in front of the superstructure, the anchors are arranged on the anchor windlass in a suspension mode through anchor chains, the large tow is arranged behind the superstructure, the shark jaw is arranged between the large tow and the stern roller, the midpoints of the large tow, the stern roller and the shark jaw form a straight line, the bottom of a bow is provided with the bow propeller, the bottom of the stern is provided with the left propeller, the middle propeller and the right propeller from left to right, and the periphery of the tugboat is provided with the cushion tires. Therefore, the novel small-sized tugboat solves the problems that the transportation costs are over-high, the turning is inconvenient and inflexible, long-term friction between the stern of the tugboat body and a tow line causes potential safety risks to transportation, the tow line is extremely prone to swinging from side to side during a towing process of the tugboat so that the direction of the tugboat is not easy to control and the like in many tugboats.

Description

A kind of skiff

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of skiff, belong to the towboat technical field.

Background technology

Towboat is there is no power boats and ships or the unsteady building of boat certainly for traction, the towboat hull is less, and power is larger, self not carrying goods or passenger, towboat has seagoing tug, dividing of river tug and berthing tug, wherein seagoing tug can divide seagoing tug and coastal tug, exploitation along with world oil and other non-renewable resources, a lot of countries are all by the great ocean of sight steerable energy savings amount, exploitation deep-sea oil well etc., offshore production crude oil out must regularly be dragged to continent processing and process, this means, middle-size and small-size towboat demand can increase gradually, but at present a lot of operation towboats are all coastal tug transformations in the past, find that through long-term the use these towboats all exist traffic cost too high, turn inconvenient, dumb, the long-term friction of hull stern and tow strap causes potential safety hazard to transportation, towboat tow strap in dilatory process very easily swings, therefore the needs exploitation is a can reduce traffic cost, power is pure, can turn flexibly, extend tow strap decrease safent accident in service life, the novel towboat that can make tow strap not rock in fixed-direction for a long time.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of skiff.

The problem to be solved in the present invention be existing a lot of towboats all exist traffic cost too high, turn inconvenient, dumb, the long-term friction of hull stern and tow strap causes potential safety hazard to transportation, and towboat tow strap in dilatory process very easily swings and makes the problems such as the towboat direction is wayward.

For realizing purpose of the present invention, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

A kind of skiff, comprise hull, hawser, the stern roller, shark jaw, drag greatly, superstructure, the anchor winch, anchor, the bow thruster, a left side pushes away, in push away, the right side pushes away and buffering tyre, hull is that Plate Welding forms, the hull stern is equipped with the stern roller, the stern roller is cylindrical shape, above the main deck of hull for superstructure for people's daily life with drive, there is the anchor winch in the place ahead of superstructure, the anchor winch is welded on the main deck of hull, lifting anchor with anchor chain on the anchor winch, anchor has two port and starboards that are lifted on respectively fore, and the rear of superstructure is provided with greatly drags, drag greatly above the main deck that is welded on hull, drag greatly and the stern roller between be provided with shark jaw, shark jaw is flexible by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM, drags greatly, the mid point of stern roller and shark jaw is in alignment, on the cylinder dragged greatly, volume has a hawser, and hawser is connected with drag through after shark jaw, and when dilatory, hawser can drive the rolling of stern roller and can not cause violent friction, the stem bottom is provided with the bow thruster, and ship stern bottom from left to right is equipped with successively a left side and is pushed away, in push away with the right side and push away, the surrounding of hull equidistantly is equipped with buffering tyre can play the cushion bumper effect of beaching.

The bow thruster has two, and when the bow thruster is installed, both direction is contrary; A left side pushes away with the right side and pushes away as full circle swinging type propelling unit; In push away as unidirectional propeller; The buffering tyre installing space is not more than 4 meters;

Advantage of the present invention is: setting up of hull stern stern roller makes hawser can not cause violent friction when dilatory ship, reduce potential safety hazard the service life of prolongation hawser, dilatory ship shark jaw can guarantee that hawser can not swing all the time on the straight line direction, two rightabout bow thrusters coordinate the left side of two full circle swingings to push away and right push away make towboat when turning very flexibly, turn direction is controlled in front and back simultaneously, and when beaching, hull can realize that laterally pulling in to shore effectively to reduce fore hits the bank accident simultaneously.

The accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the integral structure figure of a kind of skiff of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the chart at the bottom of of a kind of skiff of the present invention;

In figure: 1, hull 2, hawser 3, stern roller 4, shark jaw 5, drag 6 greatly, superstructure 7, anchor winch 8, anchor 9, bow thruster 10, a left side push away 11, in push away 12, the right side pushes away 13, buffering tyre.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further illustrated.

A kind of skiff of the present invention, comprise hull 1, hawser 2, stern roller 3, shark jaw 4, drag greatly 5, superstructure 6, anchor winch 7, anchor 8, bow thruster 9, a left side pushes away 10, in push away 11, the right side pushes away 12 and buffering tyre 13, hull 1 forms for Plate Welding, hull 1 stern is equipped with stern roller 3, stern roller 3 is cylindrical shape, above the main deck of hull 1 for superstructure 6 for people's daily life with drive, there is anchor winch 7 in the place ahead of superstructure 6, anchor winch 7 is welded on the main deck of hull 1, lifting anchor 8 with anchor chain on anchor winch 7, anchor 8 has two port and starboards that are lifted on respectively fore, the rear of superstructure 6 is provided with drags greatly 5, drag greatly 5 to be welded on above the main deck of hull 1, drag greatly 5 and stern roller 3 between be provided with shark jaw 4 and can guarantee that hawser 2 can not swing all the time on the straight line direction, shark jaw 4 is flexible by HYDRAULIC CONTROL SYSTEM, drag greatly 5, the mid point of stern roller 3 and shark jaw 4 is in alignment, drag greatly volume on 5 cylinder that hawser 2 is arranged, hawser 2 is connected with drag through after shark jaw 4, when dilatory, hawser 2 can drive stern rollers 3 and rolls and can not cause that violent friction can extend hawser and reduce potential safety hazard 2 service lifes, the stem bottom is provided with two rightabout bow thrusters 9 and can controls flexibly turn direction, ship stern bottom from left to right is equipped with successively a left side and is pushed away 10, in push away 11 and the right side push away 12, it is left push away 10 and right push away 12 for full circle swinging type propelling unit make towboat when turning very flexibly, while advancing, power is pure, in conjunction with bow thruster 9, use together simultaneously, when beaching, hull 1 can realize that laterally pulling in to shore effectively to reduce fore hits the bank accident, in push away 11 for the one-way type propelling unit, the surrounding of hull 1 equidistantly is equipped with buffering tyre 13 can play the cushion bumper effect of beaching.

Using method of the present invention, the captain drives to the place ahead that needs the traction goods delivering for a check qualified towboat, after opening shark jaw 4, the engine officer will drag greatly the hawser 2 on 5 just can to drag and binding well through shark jaw 4 post-tensionings, when dilatory, hawser 2 can roll with stern roller 3 automatically, the captain drives towboat to harbour or other predetermined work zones according to the navigation route, laying down hawser 2 just can, if ship towed only need to rest in harbour, can towboat and ship towed is only fixing side by side after laying down hawser 2, towboat utilizes bow thruster 9, a left side pushes away 10 and only pushes ship towed to harbour with the right horizontal mode advanced of 12 employings that pushes away, stop good rear captain, by the same manner, towboat is rested in to harbour, and cast anchor on request 8, therefore it is pure that the present invention has power, can turn flexibly, extends tow strap decrease safent accident in service life, can make tow strap for a long time in advantages such as fixed-direction do not rock.

Claims (5)

1. a skiff, comprise hull (1), hawser (2), stern roller (3), shark jaw (4), drag greatly (5), superstructure (6), anchor winch (7), anchor (8), bow thruster (9), a left side pushes away (10), in push away (11), the right side pushes away (12) and buffering tyre (13), it is characterized in that: described hull (1) forms for Plate Welding, hull (1) stern is equipped with stern roller (3), stern roller (3) is cylindrical shape, it above the main deck of hull (1), is superstructure (6), there is anchor winch (7) in the place ahead of superstructure (6), anchor winch (7) is welded on the main deck of hull (1), anchor winch (7) is upper is lifting anchor (8) with anchor chain, anchor (8) has two port and starboards that are lifted on respectively fore, the rear of superstructure (6) is provided with greatly drags (5), drag greatly (5) to be welded on above the main deck of hull (1), drag greatly between (5) and stern roller (3) and be provided with shark jaw (4), drag greatly (5), the mid point of stern roller (3) and shark jaw (4) is in alignment, drag greatly volume on the cylinder of (5) that hawser (2) is arranged, hawser (2) is connected with drag through after shark jaw (4), when dilatory, hawser (2) can drive stern roller (3) rolling, the stem bottom is provided with bow thruster (9), ship stern bottom from left to right is equipped with successively a left side and is pushed away (10), in push away (11) and the right side pushes away (12), the surrounding of hull (1) equidistantly is equipped with buffering tyre (13).
2. a kind of skiff according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bow thruster (9) has two, and when bow thruster (9) is installed, both direction is contrary.
3. a kind of skiff according to claim 1 is characterized in that: a described left side pushes away (10) and the right side pushes away (12) for full circle swinging type propelling unit.
4. a kind of skiff according to claim 1, is characterized in that: push away (11) in described for unidirectional propeller.
5. a kind of skiff according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described buffering tyre (13) installing space is not more than 4 meters.
CN201310433129.7A 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Small-sized tugboat CN103482037A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310433129.7A CN103482037A (en) 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Small-sized tugboat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310433129.7A CN103482037A (en) 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Small-sized tugboat

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103482037A true CN103482037A (en) 2014-01-01

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CN201310433129.7A CN103482037A (en) 2013-09-23 2013-09-23 Small-sized tugboat

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Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105599872A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-25 浙江海洋学院 Tugboat
CN110696976A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-01-17 中集海洋工程研究院有限公司 Crane vessel and hoisting operation method

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6226191A (en) * 1985-07-26 1987-02-04 Uiisumuraa Eng Bv Tug boat
CA1241871A (en) * 1985-07-26 1988-09-13 Sven O. Aarts Tow boat having winch means for towing objects and handling anchors and the like
CN1433926A (en) * 2002-01-22 2003-08-06 三菱重工业株式会社 Ship and use method thereof
CN101249876A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-08-27 山东诚基工程建设有限公司 Disanchor equipment and ship craft having the same
CN202138512U (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-02-08 广州市亚旗船舶技术开发有限公司 Multifunctional 48m-platform standby ship
CN202175175U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-03-28 广州市番禺灵山造船厂有限公司 Multipurpose anchor-handling tug supply vessel
CN102438886A (en) * 2009-02-25 2012-05-02 罗尔斯-罗依斯海运有限公司 Method and device for handling of rope
CN202807058U (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-03-20 江苏省镇江船厂(集团)有限公司 Full-rotation tugboat with stern rotary drum

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS6226191A (en) * 1985-07-26 1987-02-04 Uiisumuraa Eng Bv Tug boat
CA1241871A (en) * 1985-07-26 1988-09-13 Sven O. Aarts Tow boat having winch means for towing objects and handling anchors and the like
CN1433926A (en) * 2002-01-22 2003-08-06 三菱重工业株式会社 Ship and use method thereof
CN101249876A (en) * 2008-04-08 2008-08-27 山东诚基工程建设有限公司 Disanchor equipment and ship craft having the same
CN102438886A (en) * 2009-02-25 2012-05-02 罗尔斯-罗依斯海运有限公司 Method and device for handling of rope
CN202138512U (en) * 2011-05-04 2012-02-08 广州市亚旗船舶技术开发有限公司 Multifunctional 48m-platform standby ship
CN202175175U (en) * 2011-07-29 2012-03-28 广州市番禺灵山造船厂有限公司 Multipurpose anchor-handling tug supply vessel
CN202807058U (en) * 2012-09-24 2013-03-20 江苏省镇江船厂(集团)有限公司 Full-rotation tugboat with stern rotary drum

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105599872A (en) * 2016-01-08 2016-05-25 浙江海洋学院 Tugboat
CN105599872B (en) * 2016-01-08 2019-04-26 浙江海洋学院 A kind of towboat
CN110696976A (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-01-17 中集海洋工程研究院有限公司 Crane vessel and hoisting operation method
CN110696976B (en) * 2019-12-03 2020-08-28 中集海洋工程研究院有限公司 Crane vessel and hoisting operation method

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Application publication date: 20140101

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication