CN103460839A - Stubble cleaning and ridging tillage machine - Google Patents

Stubble cleaning and ridging tillage machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103460839A
CN103460839A CN2013103480792A CN201310348079A CN103460839A CN 103460839 A CN103460839 A CN 103460839A CN 2013103480792 A CN2013103480792 A CN 2013103480792A CN 201310348079 A CN201310348079 A CN 201310348079A CN 103460839 A CN103460839 A CN 103460839A
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furrow
carding
stubble
spirality
frame
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CN103460839B (en
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权世华
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention relates to a stubble cleaning and ridging tillage machine, which comprises a machine frame, a clutch, a gearbox, a rotating shaft, spiral cutter frames, cutter blades, a furrow carding machine, a soil separation control plate and a regulating screw bolt, wherein the front end of the machine frame is provided with a tractor connecting part, the clutch and the gearbox are arranged on the machine frame, an input shaft of the gearbox is connected with a power output shaft of a tractor through the clutch, the rotating shaft is arranged at the middle part of the machine frame and is connected with an output shaft of the gearbox, at least two spiral cutter frames in staggered arrangement are arranged on the rotating shaft side by side, and a plurality of cutter blades are arranged on the spiral cutter frames along the outer side edges of the spiral cutter frames. The furrow carding machine is arranged at the back end of the machine frame, the sharp end of the furrow carding machine faces to the middle part of the machine frame and is positioned between the two spiral cutter frames, and the soil separation control plate and the regulating screw bolt are arranged at two sides of the furrow carding machine, wherein the downward extending-out length of the cutter blade at the downmost part of the spiral cutter frames is greater than the downward extending-out length of the sharp end of the furrow carding machine.

Description

Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, particularly relate to a kind of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine.
Background technology
For the plantation of ridge culture crops, usually to first carry out the stubble-cleaning operation, by the stubble fragmentation of the crops of the previous year, the ridging operation of then being ploughed could be sowed afterwards on ridge.
At present, stubble-cleaning, ridging operation for large stretch of farmland can complete by the stubble-cleaning ridger, this stubble-cleaning ridger normally consists of stubble-cleaning knife and ridging plough, is arranged on large sized tractor, by tractor-drawn, is driven and can be carried out stubble-cleaning, ridging operation to many ridges simultaneously.Fore stubble-cleaning knife wherein is installed and is completed the stubble-cleaning operation, and rear-mounted ridging plough completes the ridging operation of ploughing.The general volume of this stubble-cleaning ridger is larger, is not suitable for stubble-cleaning, the ridging operation of mountain area, hilly country or independent haggard.Therefore at present stubble-cleaning, the ridging operation of mountain area, hilly country or independent haggard are to adopt small-sized stubble-ploughing machine and small ridging machine with simple function to complete respectively mostly.Because small-sized stubble-ploughing machine and small ridging machine are to be arranged on respectively the upper individual event of small tractor (as hand tractor) to carry out stubble-cleaning operation and ridging operation, both wasted time and energy, increased again the consumption of the energy, no matter from economic benefit, still from operating efficiency, consider, all undesirable, urgently improved.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, a kind of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of new structure is provided, technical problem to be solved is to make it by two groups of arranging of spirality installing plate that blade is installed, can when carrying out the stubble-cleaning operation, realize the ridging operation, time saving and energy saving, reduced the consumption of the energy, and can be easily installed on various small tractors, be very suitable for practicality.
The object of the invention to solve the technical problems is to adopt following technical scheme to realize.A kind of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine proposed according to the present invention, it comprises: frame, clutch, gearbox, rotating shaft, spirality knife rest, blade, furrow carding, minute native control panel and adjusting bolt; The front end of wherein said frame is provided with connecting portion, and described stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine is connected with tractor by described connecting portion; Described clutch is arranged at a side of described frame front end, and described gearbox is arranged on described frame, and the power shaft of described gearbox is connected with the power take-off of described tractor by described clutch; Described rotating shaft is horizontally placed on the middle part of described frame, can rotate with respect to described frame, and the one end is connected with the output shaft of described gearbox; Be provided with at least one group of described spirality knife rest on described rotating shaft; Wherein one group of described spirality knife rest comprises that two also interlacedly side by side are arranged at the described spirality knife rest on described rotating shaft, and the outer side edges edge along described spirality knife rest on each described spirality knife rest is provided with a plurality of described blades around described rotating shaft, and described blade extends radially outside described spirality knife rest; Rear end in described frame is provided with a described furrow carding, two described minute native control panels and two described adjusting bolts corresponding to one group of described spirality knife rest; Wherein said furrow carding is the below that is arranged at described frame rear end, and the described furrow carding tip of below is towards the middle part of described frame, and and its corresponding one group of described spirality knife rest in two described spirality knife rests between; Two described minute native control panels are adjacent with described furrow carding, and symmetrical two sides that are arranged at described furrow carding, and wherein the one group described spirality knife rest corresponding with described furrow carding is between two described minute native control panels; Two described adjusting bolts are symmetrical two sides that are arranged at described furrow carding, and with two described minute native control panels, are connected respectively; Wherein be positioned at the length that stretch out in the bottom of described stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine at tip that the described spirality knife rest length that the most described blade of below stretches out in the bottom of described stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine is greater than described furrow carding.
Purpose of the present invention and solve its technical problem and can also be further achieved by the following technical measures.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, wherein each described spirality knife rest comprises that three relative and interlaced are arranged at the spirality installing plate on described rotating shaft, and on each described spirality installing plate along the outer side edges of described spirality installing plate along around described rotating shaft, being provided with a plurality of described blades.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, wherein said spirality installing plate is to be reversed and formed by a semicircular plate; Wherein in the centre of the straight flange of described semicircular plate, be provided with arc port, described spirality installing plate is that the part that is positioned at described arc port both sides by described semicircular plate is respectively reversed and formed in the opposite direction, and described spirality installing plate is to be combined and to be arranged on described rotating shaft with described rotating shaft by described arc port; Be provided with a plurality of installing holes along its half round edge on described semicircular plate, described blade is to be arranged on described spirality installing plate by described installing hole.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, the top of wherein said minute native control panel and described frame are hinged, described minute native control panel is to be tilted to extend downwards and to the direction away from described furrow carding by hinged place, and described minute native control panel is less than to the length of downward-extension the length that described furrow carding stretches out below described frame.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, wherein said adjusting bolt is arranged at the top of described minute native control panel, and the one end and described minute native control panel hinged, and the other end and nut are equipped with on described frame.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, also comprise cover, and described cover and described frame cover, and covers up described rotating shaft, described spirality knife rest, described blade and described furrow carding.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine also comprises: locating wheel, elevator and locating wheel regulating handle; Wherein said locating wheel is arranged at the bottom of described elevator; Described locating wheel regulating handle is arranged at the top of described elevator, and described elevator is connected with described frame, and is positioned at rear or the place ahead of described furrow carding.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, wherein said furrow carding protrudes rear surface for front surface is recessed, and shape is the rounding off curved slab of del; Described minute native control panel of described furrow carding and two sides thereof stretches out respectively the rear end of described frame, and the end that described minute native control panel of described furrow carding and two sides thereof stretches out described frame rear end is positioned at same vertical plane.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, also comprise fertilizing and seeding apparatus.
Aforesaid stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, wherein said fertilizing and seeding apparatus comprises: fertilizer storage bin, seed storage bin, fertilizer applicator, seeder, fertilising pipe, fertilizer adjusting device, seed righting board, seed opener and seed coverer; Described fertilizer storage bin is arranged at the top of described frame; Described fertilizer applicator is arranged at the below of described fertilizer storage bin, the internal communication of its entrance and described fertilizer storage bin; Described fertilising pipe is arranged at the below of described fertilizer applicator, and the one end is communicated with the outlet of described fertilizer applicator, and the other end extends to the below of described frame, and at least is positioned at a side of one group of described spirality knife rest; Described fertilizer adjusting device can be controlled the fertilizing amount of described fertilizer applicator; Described seed storage bin is arranged at the top of described seeder, and its inside is communicated with the entrance of described seeder; Described seeder is arranged at the rear of described frame, and at least is positioned at a side at described furrow carding rear; Be provided with the seeder adjusting device of the seeding quantity of regulating described seeder on described seeder; Described seed righting board is arranged at the below of described seeder, with the outlet of described seeder, is communicated with; Front end at described seed righting board is provided with described seed opener; Correspondingly in the rear end of described seed righting board be provided with described seed coverer.
The present invention compared with prior art has obvious advantage and beneficial effect.By technique scheme, stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention at least has following advantages and beneficial effect:
One, stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can be realized the ridging operation by two groups of arranging of spirality installing plate that blade is installed when carrying out the stubble-cleaning operation, time saving and energy saving, reduced the consumption of the energy, and can be easily installed on various small tractors.
Two, stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can be realized deep ploughing and bury grass, not only is conducive to the water saving soil moisture conservation, and is conducive to promote growth of microorganism in soil.
Three, stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can also be equipped with fertilizing and seeding apparatus, can in the stubble-cleaning ridging, complete the ferti-seeding operation.
Above-mentioned explanation is only the general introduction of technical solution of the present invention, in order to better understand technological means of the present invention, and can be implemented according to the content of specification, and for above and other purpose of the present invention, feature and advantage can be become apparent, below especially exemplified by preferred embodiment, and the cooperation accompanying drawing, be described in detail as follows.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Figure 1A is the schematic side view of the first preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.
The schematic top plan view of the first preferred embodiment after removing cover of Figure 1B stubble-cleaning ridging of the present invention harvesting and tillage machine.
Fig. 2 A is the enlarged diagram of preferred embodiment of two groups of spirality installing plates of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 B is the schematic side view of two groups of spirality installing plates of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention in Fig. 2 A.
Fig. 3 A to Fig. 3 C is the structural representation of preferred embodiment of the spirality installing plate of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.
Fig. 4 A is the schematic side view of the second preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.
Fig. 4 B is that the master of the second preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention looks schematic diagram.
Fig. 4 C is the schematic rear view of the second preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.
Figure BDA00003646575100051
Embodiment
Reach for further setting forth the present invention technological means and the effect that predetermined goal of the invention is taked, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and preferred embodiment, its embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, structure, feature and effect thereof that foundation the present invention is proposed, be described in detail as follows.
Relevant aforementioned and other technology contents of the present invention, Characteristic can clearly present in the following detailed description coordinated with reference to graphic preferred embodiment.Explanation by embodiment, should be to reach technological means and the effect that predetermined purpose takes to obtain one more deeply and concrete understanding to the present invention, yet appended graphic only being to provide with reference to the use with explanation, not be used for the present invention is limited.
Refer to shown in Figure 1A and Figure 1B, Figure 1A is the schematic side view of the first preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.The schematic top plan view of the first preferred embodiment after removing cover of Figure 1B stubble-cleaning ridging of the present invention harvesting and tillage machine.Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention mainly comprises: frame 1, clutch 2, gearbox 3, rotating shaft 4, spirality knife rest 5,6, blade 7, furrow carding 8, minute native control panel 9 and adjusting bolt 10.
The front end of its mid frame 1 is provided with connecting portion 11, and stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention is to be connected with the tractor (not shown) by connecting portion 11.Clutch 2 is arranged at a side of frame 1 front end, and gearbox 3 is arranged on frame 1, and the power shaft of gearbox 3 is to be connected with the power take-off of tractor (not shown) by clutch 2.
Rotating shaft 4 is horizontally placed on the middle part of frame 1, can rotate with respect to frame 1, and the one end is connected with the output shaft of gearbox 3.Be provided with at least one group of spirality knife rest on rotating shaft 4; Wherein one group of spirality knife rest comprises that two also interlacedly side by side are arranged at the spirality knife rest 5,6 on rotating shaft 4, and the outer side edges edge along spirality knife rest 5,6 on each spirality knife rest 5,6 is provided with a plurality of blades 7 around rotating shaft 4, and blade 7 extends radially outside spirality knife rest 5,6.
Rear end in frame 1 is provided with a furrow carding 8, two minutes native control panels 9 and two adjusting bolts 10 corresponding to one group of spirality knife rest.Wherein furrow carding 8 is the belows that are arranged at frame 1 rear end, and furrow carding 8 the tip of below be towards frame 1 middle part, and and its corresponding one group of spirality knife rest in two spirality knife rests 5,6 between.Within two minutes, native control panel 9 is adjacent with furrow carding 8, and symmetrical two sides that are arranged at furrow carding 8, and wherein the one group spirality knife rest corresponding with furrow carding 8 is between two minutes native control panels 9.Two adjusting bolts 10 are symmetrical two sides that are arranged at furrow carding 8 and are connected with two minutes native control panels 9 respectively.Wherein be positioned at the length that stretch out in the bottom of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine at tip that spirality knife rest 5,6 length that blade 7 of below stretches out in the bottom of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine is greater than furrow carding 8.
Refer to shown in Fig. 2 A and Fig. 2 B, Fig. 2 A is the enlarged diagram of preferred embodiment of two groups of spirality installing plates of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.Fig. 2 B is the schematic side view of two groups of spirality installing plates of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention in Fig. 2 A.Each spirality knife rest 5,6 of the present invention can comprise that three relative and interlaced are arranged at the spirality installing plate 12 on rotating shaft 4, wherein on each spirality installing plate 12 along the outer side edges of spirality installing plate 12 along around rotating shaft 4, being provided with a plurality of blades 7.
Refer to shown in Fig. 3 A to Fig. 3 C, Fig. 3 A to Fig. 3 C is the structural representation of preferred embodiment of the spirality installing plate of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.Spirality installing plate 12 of the present invention can be to be reversed and formed by a semicircular plate.Wherein in the centre of the straight flange 13 of semicircular plate, be provided with arc port 14, spirality installing plate 12 is that the part that is positioned at arc port 14 both sides by semicircular plate is respectively reversed and formed in the opposite direction, and spirality installing plate 12 is to be arranged on rotating shaft 4 by arc port 14 and rotating shaft 4 combinations.Be provided with a plurality of installing holes 17 along half round edge 15 on semicircular plate, blade 7 is to be arranged on spirality installing plate 12 by installing hole 17.
Please consult again shown in Figure 1A and Figure 1B, the top of of the present invention minute native control panel 9 can be hinged with frame 1, dividing native control panel 9 can be to be tilted to extend downwards and to the direction away from furrow carding 8 by hinged place, and its length to downward-extension is less than the length that furrow carding 8 stretches out below frame 1.Adjusting bolt 10 of the present invention can be arranged at minute top of native control panel 9, and the one end is hinged with minute native control panel 9, and the other end and nut 18 are equipped with on frame 1.The present invention be by adjusting bolt 10 with respect to nut 18 move up and down regulate the angle that minute native control panel 9 tilts, thereby control the height of ridge platform.
Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can also comprise cover 19.Cover 19 can cover with frame 1, covers up rotating shaft 4, spirality knife rest 5,6, blade 7 and furrow carding 8.
Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can also comprise locating wheel 20, elevator 21 and locating wheel regulating handle 22.Wherein locating wheel 20 can be the bottom that is arranged at elevator 21, and locating wheel regulating handle 22 can be the top that is arranged at elevator 21, and elevator 21 is to be connected with frame 1.The present invention can regulate elevators 21 by regulating handle 22, thereby regulates spirality knife rest 5,6 on rotating shaft 4 and the height of furrow carding 8, obtains the furrow that needs the degree of depth.Preferably, elevator 21 of the present invention can be atmospheric pressure pole or hydraulic stem.
In the first preferred embodiment of the present invention, locating wheel 20, elevator 21 and locating wheel regulating handle 22 are the rears that are arranged at furrow carding 8.
As shown in Figure 1B, furrow carding 8 of the present invention protrudes for the recessed rear surface of front surface, and shape is the rounding off curved slab of del.Minute native control panel 9 of furrow carding 8 and two sides thereof can be the rear end of stretching out respectively frame 1, and an end that divides native control panel 9 to stretch out frame 1 rear end of furrow carding 8 and two sides thereof is positioned at same vertical plane.
The present invention utilizes one group of spirality knife rest 5,6 that blade 7 is installed to be rotated in when carrying out the stubble-cleaning operation with rotating shaft 4 ridging of digging to both sides to realize the ridging operation.Wherein minute native control panel 9 of furrow carding 8 and both sides only plays the effect of the profile of modifying furrow and ridge platform.
Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can also comprise fertilizing and seeding apparatus simultaneously, completes the ferti-seeding operation in the stubble-cleaning ridging.
Refer to shown in Fig. 4 A, Fig. 4 A is the schematic side view of the second preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.The fertilizing and seeding apparatus of the present embodiment can comprise: fertilizer storage bin 23, seed storage bin 42, fertilizer applicator (25,32), seeder 43, fertilising pipe (26,33), fertilizer adjusting device, seed righting board 45, seed opener 46 and seed coverer 47.
Wherein, fertilizer storage bin 23 is arranged at the top of frame 1.Preferably, fertilizer storage bin 23 is to be arranged on the fertilizer storage bin fixed mount 24 of frame 1 top.Fertilizer applicator (25,32) is arranged at the below of fertilizer storage bin 23, the internal communication of its entrance and fertilizer storage bin 23.Fertilising pipe (26,33) is arranged at the below of fertilizer applicator (25,32), and the one end is communicated with the outlet of fertilizer applicator (25,32), and the other end extends to the below of frame 1, and at least is positioned at a side of one group of spirality knife rest.Fertilizer adjusting device can be controlled the fertilizing amount of fertilizer applicator (25,32).Seed storage bin 42 is arranged at the top of seeder 43, and its inside is communicated with the entrance of seeder 43.Seeder 43 is arranged at the rear of frame 1, and at least is positioned at a side at furrow carding 8 rears.Preferably, seeder 43 is to be arranged on the seeder fixed head 44 of frame 1 rear end.Can be provided with the seeder adjusting device of the seeding quantity of regulating seeder 43 on seeder 43, this seeder adjusting device can be regulated seeding quantity by a seeder regulating handle 49.Seed righting board 45 is arranged at the below of seeder 43, with the outlet of seeder 43, is communicated with.Front end at seed righting board 45 is provided with seed opener 46.The corresponding seed coverer 47 that is provided with in the rear end of seed righting board 45.Preferably, the present invention also can be provided with breast boards 48 on the frame 1 at furrow carding 8 rears.
Wherein, fertilizer adjusting device can comprise: fertile amount regulating handle (29,38), fertile amount adjustable pipe (30,39) and fertile amount are regulated shift fork (31,40).Fertile amount regulating handle (29,38) is arranged at an end of fertile amount adjustable pipe (30,39), and fertile amount is regulated shift fork (31,40) and is fixed on fertile amount adjustable pipe (30,39).By shaking fertile amount regulating handle (29,38), can drive fertile amount adjusting shift fork (31,40) (31,40) moves left and right, horizontally slip with respect to fertilizer applicator (25,32) thereby stir the structure with six nest grooves on fertilizer applicator (25,32), realize the control to fertilizer applicator (25,32) fertilizing amount.
In the present embodiment, fertilizer applicator can comprise: fertilizer deep applicator 25 and mouthful fertile device 32.Fertilizer deep applicator 25 and mouthful fertile device 32 are symmetrical rear and front ends that are arranged at fertilizer storage bin 23 belows.Now, the inside of fertilizer storage bin 23 can be separated into two parts, with the entrance of fertilizer deep applicator 25 and the fertile device 32 of mouth, is communicated with respectively, to fertilizer deep applicator 25 and a mouthful fertile device 32, provides deep fertilizer spraying and mouthful fertilizer.Be provided with deep fertilizer spraying pipe 26 below fertilizer deep applicator 25, an end of deep fertilizer spraying pipe 26 is communicated with the outlet of fertilizer deep applicator 25, and the other end extends to the below of frame 1, and the other end of deep fertilizer spraying pipe 26 at least is positioned at the place ahead of one group of spirality knife rest one side.Be provided with a mouthful fertile pipe 33 below the fertile device 32 of mouth, one end of the fertile pipe 33 of mouth is communicated with the outlet of mouthful fertile device 32, the other end at the fertile pipe 33 of mouth is provided with a mouthful fertile plough 34, the fertile pipe 33 of mouth is to extend to the below of frame 1 with the fertile plough 34 of mouth of its other end setting, and mouthful fertile plough 34 at least is positioned at the rear of one group of spirality knife rest one side.And also be provided with a mouthful fertile trench digging depth regulator 35 between the fertile pipe 33 of mouth and mouthful fertile plough 34.
In the present embodiment, fertilizer adjusting device can comprise: the fat amount regulating handle 29 of deep placement, the fat amount adjustable pipe 30 of deep placement, the fat amount of deep placement are regulated shift fork 31, mouthful fat amount regulating handle 38, mouthful fat amount adjustable pipe 39 and a mouthful fat amount and are regulated shift fork 40.Wherein, the fat amount regulating handle 29 of deep placement is arranged at an end of the fat amount adjustable pipe 30 of deep placement, the fat amount adjustable pipe 30 of deep placement is arranged at the place ahead of fertilizer deep applicator 25, and the both sides corresponding to fertilizer deep applicator 25 on the fat amount adjustable pipe 30 of deep placement all are fixed with the fat amount adjusting of deep placement shift fork 31.The present invention is by shaking the fat amount regulating handle 29 of deep placement, can drive the fat amount adjusting of deep placement shift fork 31 moves left and right, horizontally slip with respect to fertilizer deep applicator 25 thereby stir the structure with six nest grooves on corresponding fertilizer deep applicator 25, control the fertilizing amount of fertilizer deep applicator 25.
The fat amount regulating handle 38 of mouth is arranged at an end of mouthful fat amount adjustable pipe 39, and mouthful fat amount adjustable pipe 39 is arranged at the rear of mouthful fertile device 32, and the both sides corresponding to the fertile device 32 of mouth on the fat amount adjustable pipe 39 of mouth all are fixed with the fat amount adjusting of a bite shift fork 40.The present invention regulates shift fork 40 and moves left and right by shaking a mouthful fat amount regulating handle 38, can be with the fat amount of opening one's mouth, thereby stir the structure with six nest grooves on mouthful fertile device 32, with respect to the fertile device 32 of mouth, horizontally slips, and controls the fertilizing amount of the fertile device 32 of mouth.
In the present embodiment, stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention can also comprise: land wheel 55, transmission device and packer 59.As shown in Figure 4 A, wherein land wheel 55 is arranged at the rear of frame 1, can be used to drive fertilizer applicator (25,32) and seeder 43 runnings to be applied fertilizer and seeding operation.Packer 59 is arranged at the rear of frame 1, and is positioned at the rear of seed coverer 46, is used for modifying the profile of ridge platform after ferti-seeding.Preferably, packer 59 is to be arranged on the packer framework 60 stretched out at frame 1 rear, and can rotate with respect to packer framework 60.Transmission device can comprise: fertilizing and seeding apparatus drive sprocket 57, fertilizing and seeding apparatus chain drive-belt 58, fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft 51, fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft driven sprocket 52, fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53, fertilizing and seeding apparatus driving chain 54, mouthful fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37, fertilizer deep applicator axle sprocket wheel 28, fertilizer applicator driving chain 41, seeder axle sprocket wheel and seeder driving chain 61.
Wherein, fertilizing and seeding apparatus drive sprocket 57 is arranged in the land wheel rotating shaft 56 of land wheel 55, with the rotational synchronization of land wheel 55, rotates.Fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft 51 can be arranged on fertilizer storage bin fixed mount 24, and can rotate with respect to fertilizer storage bin fixed mount 24.Be provided with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft driven sprocket 52 and fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 on fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft 51.Wherein fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft driven sprocket 52 is connected by fertilizing and seeding apparatus chain drive-belt 58 with fertilizing and seeding apparatus drive sprocket 57, with the rotation of fertilizing and seeding apparatus drive sprocket 57, rotates.Fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 does to synchronize rotation with the rotation of fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft driven sprocket 52 together with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft 51.The fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 of mouth is arranged on mouthful fertile device axle 36, and fertilizer deep applicator axle sprocket wheel 28 is arranged on fertilizer deep applicator axle 27, and seeder axle sprocket wheel is arranged on seeder axle 50.
The fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 of mouth is connected by fertilizing and seeding apparatus driving chain 54 with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53, rotation with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 is rotated, thereby band is opened one's mouth, fertile device axle 36 rotates with respect to the fertile device 32 of mouth, makes mouthful fertile device 32 running job.Fertilizer deep applicator axle sprocket wheel 28 connects by fertilizer applicator driving chain 41 with the fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 of the mouth be not connected with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 on mouthful fertile device axle 36 axles, blurt out fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 rotation and rotate, rotate with respect to fertilizer deep applicator 25 thereby drive fertilizer deep applicator axle 27, make fertilizer deep applicator 25 running work.Seeder axle sprocket wheel can connect by seeder driving chain 61 with the fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 be not connected with the fertile device axle of mouth sprocket wheel 37 on fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft 51, perhaps with on the fertile device axle of mouth 36 axles with the fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 of mouth be not connected with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 and fertilizer deep applicator axle sprocket wheel 28 on the fertile device axle of mouth 36 axles, by seeder driving chain 61, do not connect, rotation with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 or mouthful fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 is rotated, thereby driving seeder axle 50 rotates with respect to seeder 43, make seeder 43 running work.
Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention goes for being arranged on small tractor, as hand tractor, and stubble-cleaning, the ridging operation of upper realization to two ridges; Also can assemble flexibly as required, by the same spirality knife rest of many groups is set on rotating shaft 4, and corresponding on frame 1 the stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine that a plurality of furrow cardings 8, multipair minute native control panel 9 and multipair adjusting bolt 10 form different scales is set, be arranged on medium-sized, large sized tractor, realize stubble-cleaning, ridging operation to many ridges, to meet the different needs simultaneously.
Please consult shown in Fig. 4 B and Fig. 4 C, Fig. 4 B is that the master of the second preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention looks schematic diagram again.Fig. 4 C is the schematic rear view of the second preferred embodiment of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present invention.The stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine of the present embodiment comprises: four groups of same spirality knife rests that are arranged on same rotating shaft 4, simultaneously corresponding four furrow cardings 8, four pairs of minutes native control panels 9 and the four pairs of adjusting bolts 10 of being provided with on frame 1.Wherein, gearbox 3 is arranged at the centre of stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine frame 1, in the place ahead of frame 1 symmetry, is provided with two groups of locating wheels 20, elevator 21 and locating wheel regulating handle 22.And simultaneously correspondingly at the rear of frame 1 be provided with two land wheels 55.These two land wheels 55 not only can be used to drive fertilizer applicator (25,32) and seeder 43 runnings to be applied fertilizer and seeding operation, can also preferably control swinging of complete machine rear portion.
As shown in Figure 4 B, the present embodiment comprises: the fertile device 32 of 25, five mouths of 42, five fertilizer deep applicators of 23, five seed storage bins of two fertilizer storage bins and five seeders 43.Five fertilizer deep applicators 25 wherein, five fertile devices 32 of mouth and five seeders 43 are corresponding to four groups of spirality knife rests and four formed five ridge platform settings of furrow carding 8 respectively, and five fertilizer deep applicators 25 are that to be arranged at the fertile devices 32 of 26, five mouths of same fertilizer deep applicator axle be to be arranged on the fertile device axle 33 of same a bite.Be equipped with deep fertilizer spraying pipe 26 below each fertilizer deep applicator 25.Be equipped with a mouthful fertile pipe 33, mouthful fertile plough 34 and mouthful fertile trench digging depth regulator 35 below each mouthful of fertile device 32.Below each seeder 43 too be equipped with seed righting board 45, seed opener 46 and seed coverer 47.
Simultaneously, be provided with the fat amount of a deep placement in the both sides of each fertilizer deep applicator 25 and regulate shift fork 31, and the fat amount adjusting of the deep placement of five fertilizer deep applicator 25 both sides shift fork 31 is to be fixed on the fat amount adjustable pipe 30 of same deep placement, by the fat amount regulating handle 29 of deep placement that is positioned at fat amount adjustable pipe 30 1 ends of this deep placement, shakes and moved.Be provided with the fat amount of a bite in the both sides of each mouthful of fertile device 32 and regulate shift fork 40, and the fat amount adjusting of the mouth shift fork 40 of five the fertile device of mouth 32 both sides is also to be fixed on the fat amount adjustable pipe 39 of same a bite, by the fat amount regulating handle 38 of mouth that is positioned at this mouthful of fat amount adjustable pipe 39 1 ends, shakes and moved.All can be provided with the seeder adjusting device of the seeding quantity of regulating seeder 43 on each seeder 43, this seeder adjusting device can be regulated seeding quantity by the seeder regulating handle 49 be arranged on each seeder 43.
Wherein, in the present embodiment, the seeder axle sprocket wheel that is arranged at outermost two seeders 43 is and does not connect by seeder driving chain 61 with the fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 of mouth be not connected with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 and fertilizer deep applicator axle sprocket wheel 28 on the fertile device axle of mouth 36 axles on the fertile device axle of mouth 36 axles, blurt out fertile device axle sprocket wheel 37 rotation and rotate, rotate with respect to seeder 43 thereby drive its seeder axle 50, make seeder 43 running work.And the seeder axle sprocket wheel of three middle seeders 43 is to connect by seeder driving chain 61 with the fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 be not connected with the fertile device axle of mouth sprocket wheel 37 on fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft 51, rotation with fertilizing and seeding apparatus central shaft drive sprocket 53 is rotated, rotate with respect to seeder 43 thereby drive its seeder axle 50, make seeder 43 running work.
The above, it is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not the present invention is done to any pro forma restriction, although the present invention discloses as above with preferred embodiment, yet not in order to limit the present invention, any those skilled in the art are not within breaking away from the technical solution of the present invention scope, when the technology contents that can utilize above-mentioned announcement is made a little change or is modified to the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations, in every case be the content that does not break away from technical solution of the present invention, any simple modification of above embodiment being done according to technical spirit of the present invention, equivalent variations and modification, all still belong in the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine, is characterized in that it comprises: frame, clutch, gearbox, rotating shaft, spirality knife rest, blade, furrow carding, minute native control panel and adjusting bolt;
The front end of wherein said frame is provided with connecting portion, and described stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine is connected with tractor by described connecting portion; Described clutch is arranged at a side of described frame front end, and described gearbox is arranged on described frame, and the power shaft of described gearbox is connected with the power take-off of described tractor by described clutch;
Described rotating shaft is horizontally placed on the middle part of described frame, can rotate with respect to described frame, and the one end is connected with the output shaft of described gearbox; Be provided with at least one group of described spirality knife rest on described rotating shaft; Wherein one group of described spirality knife rest comprises that two also interlacedly side by side are arranged at the described spirality knife rest on described rotating shaft, and the outer side edges edge along described spirality knife rest on each described spirality knife rest is provided with a plurality of described blades around described rotating shaft, and described blade extends radially outside described spirality knife rest;
Rear end in described frame is provided with a described furrow carding, two described minute native control panels and two described adjusting bolts corresponding to one group of described spirality knife rest; Wherein said furrow carding is the below that is arranged at described frame rear end, and the described furrow carding tip of below is towards the middle part of described frame, and and its corresponding one group of described spirality knife rest in two described spirality knife rests between; Two described minute native control panels are adjacent with described furrow carding, and symmetrical two sides that are arranged at described furrow carding, and wherein the one group described spirality knife rest corresponding with described furrow carding is between two described minute native control panels; Two described adjusting bolts are symmetrical two sides that are arranged at described furrow carding, and with two described minute native control panels, are connected respectively; Wherein be positioned at the length that stretch out in the bottom of described stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine at tip that the described spirality knife rest length that the most described blade of below stretches out in the bottom of described stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine is greater than described furrow carding.
2. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that each described spirality knife rest wherein comprises that three relative and interlaced are arranged at the spirality installing plate on described rotating shaft, and on each described spirality installing plate along the outer side edges of described spirality installing plate along around described rotating shaft, being provided with a plurality of described blades.
3. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 2, is characterized in that wherein said spirality installing plate is to be reversed and formed by a semicircular plate; Wherein in the centre of the straight flange of described semicircular plate, be provided with arc port, described spirality installing plate is that the part that is positioned at described arc port both sides by described semicircular plate is respectively reversed and formed in the opposite direction, and described spirality installing plate is to be combined and to be arranged on described rotating shaft with described rotating shaft by described arc port; Be provided with a plurality of installing holes along its half round edge on described semicircular plate, described blade is to be arranged on described spirality installing plate by described installing hole.
4. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 1, the top and the described frame that it is characterized in that wherein said minute native control panel are hinged, described minute native control panel is to be tilted to extend downwards and to the direction away from described furrow carding by hinged place, and described minute native control panel is less than to the length of downward-extension the length that described furrow carding stretches out below described frame.
5. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 4, is characterized in that wherein said adjusting bolt is arranged at the top of described minute native control panel, and the one end and described minute native control panel hinged, and the other end and nut are equipped with on described frame.
6. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that it also comprises cover, and described cover and described frame cover, and covers up described rotating shaft, described spirality knife rest, described blade and described furrow carding.
7. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that it also comprises: locating wheel, elevator and locating wheel regulating handle; Wherein said locating wheel is arranged at the bottom of described elevator; Described locating wheel regulating handle is arranged at the top of described elevator, and described elevator is connected with described frame, and is positioned at rear or the place ahead of described furrow carding.
8. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that wherein said furrow carding protrudes rear surface for front surface is recessed, and shape is the rounding off curved slab of del; Described minute native control panel of described furrow carding and two sides thereof stretches out respectively the rear end of described frame, and the end that described minute native control panel of described furrow carding and two sides thereof stretches out described frame rear end is positioned at same vertical plane.
9. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that it also comprises fertilizing and seeding apparatus.
10. stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine according to claim 9, is characterized in that wherein said fertilizing and seeding apparatus comprises: fertilizer storage bin, seed storage bin, fertilizer applicator, seeder, fertilising pipe, fertilizer adjusting device, seed righting board, seed opener and seed coverer;
Described fertilizer storage bin is arranged at the top of described frame; Described fertilizer applicator is arranged at the below of described fertilizer storage bin, the internal communication of its entrance and described fertilizer storage bin; Described fertilising pipe is arranged at the below of described fertilizer applicator, and the one end is communicated with the outlet of described fertilizer applicator, and the other end extends to the below of described frame, and at least is positioned at a side of one group of described spirality knife rest; Described fertilizer adjusting device can be controlled the fertilizing amount of described fertilizer applicator;
Described seed storage bin is arranged at the top of described seeder, and its inside is communicated with the entrance of described seeder; Described seeder is arranged at the rear of described frame, and at least is positioned at a side at described furrow carding rear; Be provided with the seeder adjusting device of the seeding quantity of regulating described seeder on described seeder; Described seed righting board is arranged at the below of described seeder, with the outlet of described seeder, is communicated with; Front end at described seed righting board is provided with described seed opener; Correspondingly in the rear end of described seed righting board be provided with described seed coverer.
CN201310348079.2A 2013-01-25 2013-08-09 Stubble-cleaning ridging harvesting and tillage machine Active CN103460839B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3439478A1 (en) * 1984-10-27 1986-05-07 Amazonen-Werke H. Dreyer Gmbh & Co Kg, 4507 Hasbergen Seed drill
US4601248A (en) * 1984-06-13 1986-07-22 North Carolina State University Minimum tillage planting apparatus
US5267517A (en) * 1992-01-27 1993-12-07 Farmers Tractor And Equipment Multi function tillage or planting implement
CN2171979Y (en) * 1992-09-29 1994-07-20 上海松江农业机具厂 Straw fertilizer-applying seeder
CN2235189Y (en) * 1995-06-22 1996-09-18 费崇斌 Combined machine for sowing and cleaning stubble for maize
CN2298638Y (en) * 1997-01-28 1998-12-02 江苏省东台市农业机械化研究所 Rotary cultivating and stubble cleaning seeder
CN2607003Y (en) * 2003-04-12 2004-03-24 刘朝全 Multifunctional amphibious soil-working seeder
CN203369065U (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-01-01 权世华 Stubble cleaning ridging tillage machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4601248A (en) * 1984-06-13 1986-07-22 North Carolina State University Minimum tillage planting apparatus
DE3439478A1 (en) * 1984-10-27 1986-05-07 Amazonen-Werke H. Dreyer Gmbh & Co Kg, 4507 Hasbergen Seed drill
US5267517A (en) * 1992-01-27 1993-12-07 Farmers Tractor And Equipment Multi function tillage or planting implement
CN2171979Y (en) * 1992-09-29 1994-07-20 上海松江农业机具厂 Straw fertilizer-applying seeder
CN2235189Y (en) * 1995-06-22 1996-09-18 费崇斌 Combined machine for sowing and cleaning stubble for maize
CN2298638Y (en) * 1997-01-28 1998-12-02 江苏省东台市农业机械化研究所 Rotary cultivating and stubble cleaning seeder
CN2607003Y (en) * 2003-04-12 2004-03-24 刘朝全 Multifunctional amphibious soil-working seeder
CN203369065U (en) * 2013-01-25 2014-01-01 权世华 Stubble cleaning ridging tillage machine

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