CN103229690A - Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device - Google Patents

Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103229690A
CN103229690A CN2013101903383A CN201310190338A CN103229690A CN 103229690 A CN103229690 A CN 103229690A CN 2013101903383 A CN2013101903383 A CN 2013101903383A CN 201310190338 A CN201310190338 A CN 201310190338A CN 103229690 A CN103229690 A CN 103229690A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
film
skinning
graduated dial
shovel
mechanical
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013101903383A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
郜振菊
张芳
孙桂德
张帆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TIANJIN JINTIAN SHUNCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Original Assignee
TIANJIN JINTIAN SHUNCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TIANJIN JINTIAN SHUNCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd filed Critical TIANJIN JINTIAN SHUNCHENG AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY CO Ltd
Priority to CN2013101903383A priority Critical patent/CN103229690A/en
Publication of CN103229690A publication Critical patent/CN103229690A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and a using method of the mechanical device. The mechanical device comprises a film peeler transverse beam, a three-point hanger, a big support arm, a plurality of film peeler front-back shovels and a film raking finger plate, wherein a lower beam of the three-point hanger is additionally provided with the film peeler transverse beam; the plurality of film peeler front-back shovels are hung on the film peeler transverse beam in a staggered way; and the film raking finger plate with uniform finger plate elastic teeth is arranged on a shaft head of a small support arm of a film raker. A film peeler does linear movement under the traction of a tractor, the film raking finger plate does rotating movement by virtue of friction force with a ground, and the rubbish in the shallow layer of the farmland can be poked and raked together by the finger plate elastic teeth when the finger plate is passively rotated. The mechanical device for shoveling and raking the residual mulching films on the farmland is high in residual mulching film raking efficiency and over one hectare of rubbish can be raked per hour with 50 horsepower; the cover earth and stubbles on the surface layer can be completely shoveled to loose by the film peeler; an existing linear pulling mode is changed to a rotary poking mode of the finger plate elastic teeth, the residual films are unlikely to be pulled to be broken, the movement resistance is small, the damage to the farmland is small, and the films and the rubbish are raked to strips, thereby being easy to pick and mechanically packaged to transport.

Description

A kind of shovel is hugged mechanical device and the using method of the residual mulch film in farmland
Technical field
The invention belongs to the technical field of administering the farmland incomplete film white pollution, relate to the mechanization recovery technology of residual film, a kind of shovel of more specifically saying so is hugged mechanical device and the using method of the residual mulch film in farmland.
Background technology
Before more than 30 year, film-mulching technique begins to use in China.Because it is huge to the contribution of agricultural, develop very soon, application region and scope are increasing, and particularly along with the application of agricultural mulching on field crop, residual mulch film pollution begins to cause the attention of researcher.The residual film fragment severe contamination soil that is difficult for degraded, because the mulch film residual contamination is a kind of novel pollution, at the initial stage that film-mulching technique is used, people's more attention is that heating of film-mulching technique preserves soil moisture and effect of increasing production, and mulch film residual contamination problem is paid close attention to seldom, many people think that the residual mulch film in the ground hugs, picks up with hand with rake, perhaps translate in the ground, just handled well, can not pollute, even at present, this problem does not still cause the attention that people are enough.The Ministry of Agriculture showed the investigation of 112 provinces and cities in the whole nation at the beginning of the 100's of 20th century, all had residual contamination in various degree in the agricultural land soil of all plastic mulching.
From the nineties in 20th century, China's plastic mulching area and usage amount occupy the No. 1 in the world always.In recent years, the mulch film application quantity remains on more than 1,100,000 tons substantially, and year area coverage surpasses 200,000,000 mu, calculates if account for usage amount 20%~30% according to annual mulch film residual quantity, means to increase 200,000~300,000 tons of residual films in the annual farmland newly.Troubling is that agricultural mulching usage amount and area coverage present the situation that rises significantly always, and in the quite a long period from now on, China's mulch film consumption will continue to keep stable increasing.The mulch film consumption that continues to increase and the residual film pollution prevention that relatively lag behind will make China's farmland incomplete film seriously polluted.Do not clear up the residual mulch film in the soil, the seed that the peasant sows may be wrapped by residual film, or residual film intercepts the moisture in the soil, and seed is rotted, and causes that crops are short of seedling, the underproduction.According to surveying and determination, the with serious pollution soil of residual film can make wheat yield descend 2%~3%, corn yield descends about 11%, output of cotton then descends 11%~23%, the harm of residual mulch film in soil becomes increasingly conspicuous, be a very serious problem, concerning national food safety, should cause that country pays much attention to.
High efficiency, residual film is collected in high-quality mechanization becomes a difficult problem.The residual film machine recovery technology that grows up at present is a supporting technology that grows up at the plastic-film-covered cultivation technology, and it is a mechanization technology of the damaged mulch film of film-covering planting crop being collected after seedling stage or results by the method for machinery.Reclaim farmland incomplete film, through harmless treatment, can turn waste into wealth.Residual film is a kind of discarded object that endangers the farmland.Reclaim by concentrating, can be converted into a kind of available resources after the harmless treatment.By cleaning, can be used as a kind of regeneration interpolation property raw material; Also can be converted into electric power by the incineration firing forms of electricity generation.Under existing situation, promote residual machine for recycling mulch film tool technology, reduce the harmful effect that residual film causes soil structure, crop growth, eliminate the farmland white pollution, improve the rural environment quality.Promotion and implementation machine for recovering broken film tool complex art is administered the farmland incomplete film white pollution, is conducive to improve the rural ecological environment, promotes agricultural sustainable development, promotes this city Agro-ecologyization, promotes new countryside construction.
Be pesticide meridian crops such as preserving soil moisture, the insulation large tracts of land plastic film mulch maize planting that improves emergence rate and begin, cotton, vegetables, peanut, herbal medicine based on agricultural later stage nineties dry area in north china, initial stage has reached the purpose of stable high yield, but be difficult for the residual film fragment severe contamination soil of degraded, disastrous effect is well-known.High efficiency, residual film is collected in high-quality mechanization becomes a difficult problem.At present 2 ~ 3 years residual film initial stages in farmland are used rotary tillage, are exactly directly to break into pieces in the soil layer that stirs into 10 ~ 18cm with rotovator prior to seeding or with ploughing (formula of drawing is ploughed) residual film is translated into 20 ~ 30cm soil layer.No matter the residual film accumulation of ploughing or rotary tillage has a strong impact on sowing and emerges and causes crop failure after 3 years, common little plot hugs burnt in a heaply to fall with creeper Ziren worker, film is hugged with graduated dial formula hay rake in big plot, but have approximately 30 ~ 40% earthing press molds parts and disconnected broken film hug less than, follow-uply still produce the alluvial of residual film, and a brief period of time is easily broken; Hug shape in heaps with T-shaped rake (with creeper of tractor-drawn amplification).Such processing is interrupted, is unfavorable for that follow-up mechanization packing clears, and burns also and can emerge because heap shape combustible burns influence with the soil.A lot of places are shifted residual film in irrigation canals and ditches or the hole onto, and the natural water storage drainability of the original system in soil is destroyed, had a strong impact on to wild vegetation, and this is the important factor in order of China's drought and waterlogging sensitivity.Above residual film is hugged low, the weak effect of diversity method efficient.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is to disclose a kind of shovel and hugged the mechanical device of residual mulch film.
Another object of the present invention discloses the using method that shovel is hugged residual mulch film mechanical device.
The shovel of the present invention design is hugged the mechanical device loosening shovel and ground angle little (0 ~ 12 degree) of residual mulch film, and resistance is little, becomes flexible the residual mulch film of soil shallow-layer after can comprehensive sliding trackle root stubble.The graduated dial elastic claw is contained in the front of hugging film machine graduated dial, and graduated dial when rotation graduated dial elastic claw is easy to stir hugs collection.Many 20 ~ 40 than hay rake of graduated dial elastic claw quantity are hugged and are dialled the efficient height, graduated dial load is even.Receive the film rate up to 99%, average operating efficiency is with 30 mu/hour of 90 horsepowers of power of 8 dishes.3 width of cloth mulch films are hugged integrated 1, can use the binder bundling, also can manually pick up entrucking and clear.Skinning device crossbeam is connected with U-bolt with the trifilar suspension frame simultaneously, can accept or reject according to the concrete condition in soil, the present invention becomes the rotation of graduated dial elastic claw with present pulled straight and stirs, residual film is not easy-to-draw broken, the resistance of motion is little, destruction to the soil is little, hugs the collection windrow, is easy to pick up and the mechanization packing and transporting.
For achieving the above object, the invention discloses following technology contents:
A kind of shovel is hugged the mechanical device of the residual mulch film in farmland, it is characterized in that it comprise shovel 5 behind shovel 4 before skinning device crossbeam 1, trifilar suspension frame 2, big support arm 3, a plurality of skinning, a plurality of skinning, a plurality of film graduated dial 6 of hugging; U-bolt 9 and 2 welding of trifilar suspension frame are adopted in skinning device crossbeam 1 top, and skinning device crossbeam 1 lower end is connected by shoveling 5 behind shovel 4 before U-bolt 9 and the skinning that is staggered front to back and the skinning; Big support arm 3 hangs on the trifilar suspension frame 2 by spring pull bar 8; Diameter is that 1.1 ~ 1.7 meters the film graduated dial 6 of hugging is contained on the spindle nose of hugging film machine ramuscule arm 7, hugs graduated dial elastic claw 12 is installed on the film graduated dial uniformly.
Mechanical device of the present invention, the number of wherein hugging the film graduated dial are 4-12.The number of teeth of hugging the graduated dial elastic claw of installing on the film graduated dial 12 is 60 ~ 90 teeth, and hugging the film width is 3 ~ 7 meters.Wherein the material of graduated dial elastic claw is spring steel, and graduated dial elastic claw diameter is 6 millimeters-10 millimeters.
Mechanical device of the present invention, wherein shovel 4 and ground angle are that shovel 5 is 1 ~ 6 degree with the ground angle behind 0 ~ 4 degree, the skinning before the skinning.
Mechanical device of the present invention, wherein said graduated dial elastic claw 12 evenly is contained on the circumference of hugging film graduated dial 6, and the graduated dial elastic claw is easy to stir and hugs collection when hugging the passive rotation of film graduated dial.
Shovel behind shovel 4, a plurality of skinning before the mechanical device of the present invention, wherein said a plurality of skinnings and shovel 5 after (5) refer to 4 and 4 ~ 8 skinnings of the preceding shovel of 3 ~ 7 skinnings.
The present invention further discloses the using method that shovel is hugged the residual mulch film mechanical device in farmland, it is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) at first the skinning device is connected with the trifilar suspension frame, then with the hydraulic lifting mechanism control of tractor and the degree of depth of adjusting the shovel film, hugging film;
(2) the skinning device is positioned at and hugs before the film graduated dial touchdown point, before the skinning behind shovel and the skinning shovel hug film before first back chipping stubble, loosen the soil, skinning;
(3) hydraulic lifting of using tractor then is pressed into 3 ~ 9 centimetres of soil layers with the skinning device elastic claw on the graduated dial in advance, elastic claw is in by pressure condition, the walking of tractor makes the elastic claw on the passive graduated dial discharge elastic force and rotates, stir residual film and the foreign material of soil shallow-layer and hug integrated shop to the centre, but follow-up mechanization bundling or pick up entrucking and work continuously.
Shovel is 0 ~ 5 degree with the ground angle before the skinning of the present invention, and 0 degree wherein refers to the back-off of loosening shovel and the angle of horizontal plane.
Behind the skinning of the present invention shovel and ground angle be 1 ~ 6 degree refer to-skinning after the angle of shovel back-off and horizontal plane.
Graduated dial wheel rim 10 of the present invention is used for supporting elastic claw 12, graduated dial disc 11 and is used for fixedly elastic claw 12 of calibration.
The film graduated dial 6 of hugging of the present invention can be as required exchanges with the hay rake graduated dial of routine, removes the function that has hay rake behind the skinning device.
The products innovation that the shovel of manufacturing of the present invention is hugged the mechanical device of the residual mulch film in farmland mainly is:
1. improvement graduated dial: the passive graduated dial of hay rake is encrypted the graduated dial elastic claw, and the graduated dial elastic claw that the present invention just hugs on the film graduated dial changes 40 graduated dial elastic claws of original every dish into every dish 60 ~ 90 graduated dial elastic claws, and main purpose is to hug the collection rate in order to improve broken film, sees accompanying drawing 1.
2. trifilar suspension design: the hydraulic lifting of using tractor is pressed into soil layer 50 ~ 90mm with the skinning device graduated dial elastic claw on the graduated dial in advance, the graduated dial elastic claw is in by pressure condition, the walking of tractor makes the graduated dial elastic claw on the passive graduated dial discharge elastic force and rotates, stir residual film and foreign material and hug integrated shop to the centre, but follow-up mechanization bundling or pick up entrucking and work continuously.
Innovative design play film device: the plastic film mulch edge earthing on the agronomy makes residual film very easily by the cutting-off of graduated dial elastic claw, the film rate is received in influence, improve the back and under trifilar suspension frame (2) underbeam, install skinning device crossbeam (1) additional, the base area film web is wide, the power of tractor coupling determines to hug film graduated dial width and skinning device graduated dial elastic claw quantity, stagger before and after the loosening shovel and hang on the skinning device crossbeam (1), make membrane process not leak row, not block up, reached comprehensive skinning.
The mechanical device product that the present invention hugs residual mulch film to shovel has carried out Performance Detection:
Detection method: (7 to 11 kilometers of tractor speed per hours)
Make the skinning device of a combination earlier and do the field test, determine the loosening shovel structure of burying, loosening the soil suitable; Use for reference the operation experience of hay rake, hug careless operation elastic claw in graduated dial 1 ~ 4 centimetre of predeformation radially, with 40 elastic claws, the elastic claw material is 65Mn, and Brinell hardness is average 30,6 millimeters of elastic claw diameters; Hug film operation elastic claw in graduated dial 3 ~ 6 centimetres of predeformation radially, with 80 elastic claws, the elastic claw material is 82B, and Brinell hardness is average 35 ~ 40,6.5 millimeters of material diameter.Use for reference the operation experience of plough, subsoiler, cultivator, calculate loosening shovel angle and shovel post shapes, through test repeatedly, the loosening shovel angle block gauge is fixed on 0 to 5 degree, its purpose is to reduce resistance; Big module of anti-bending section before loosening shovel shovel post shapes is defined as under recessed crescent (as Fig. 2), the small bore is narrow thick square-section (along direction of advance), and its purpose is counter-bending deformability by force and weight reduction sees following table for details:
Content of the test Dimension Test bit n1 Test bit n2 Test bit n4 Test bit n6
Preceding loosening shovel angle Degree ? 3 2 1
Back loosening shovel angle Degree 5 5 5 4
Shovel post shapes (loosening shovel) ? Recessed month shape pachydermia pipe Recessed month rectangular slab Recessed month rectangular slab Recessed month rectangular slab
Shovel quantity Individual 7 9 9 11
Shovel is arranged front/rear Individual 0/7 4/5 4/5 5/6
Graduated dial quantity Individual 8 8 8 8
Net harvesting rate % 60 >95 >95 >98
Job state ? 5 impaired, the distortion of part 1 shake part Resistance is big, the distortion of shovel head Normally, soil is many Normally
Corrective measure ? Wrong shovel, elimination are blocked up Strengthen the shovel head Increase the shovel number, improve the clean rate of hugging ?
The shovel of the present invention design is hugged the good effect that the mechanical device of residual mulch film compared with prior art has and is:
(1) efficient height, 50 horsepowers of power hour is hugged collection more than 1 hectare.
(2) the skinning device can be comprehensive with top layer earthing and root stubble shovel pine; Present pulled straight is hugged film become elastic claw rotation and stir, residual film is not easy-to-draw broken.
(3) skinning with hug the method efficient height, effective that collection combines, the resistance of motion is little, and is little to the destruction in soil.
(4) hug the collection windrow, be easy to pick up and the mechanization packing and transporting.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 hugs farmland residual mulch film mechanical device structure schematic diagram for shovel;
Fig. 2 is for shoveling the film device of hugging in the residual mulch film mechanical device in farmland that rises;
Fig. 3 is for hugging film graduated dial modular construction schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation that shovels behind the preceding shovel of skinning and the skinning.
Shovel, 6 is hugged the film graduated dial behind 1 skinning device crossbeam, 2 trifilar suspension framves, 3 big support arms, the preceding shovel of 4 skinnings, 5 skinnings; 7 little support arms, 8 spring pull bars, 9 U-bolts, 10 graduated dial wheel rims, 11 graduated dial disc, 12 graduated dial elastic claws.
Embodiment:
The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with specific embodiment, and following each embodiment only is used for explanation the present invention and is not limitation of the present invention.Used raw material all have commercially available.
Embodiment 1
(1) device: a kind of shovel is hugged the machinery of the residual mulch film in farmland, and it shovels 5 after comprising skinning device crossbeam 1, trifilar suspension frame 2, big support arm 3, the preceding shovel 4 of skinning, skinning, hugs film graduated dial 6; Hug film graduated dial 6 and be contained on the spindle nose of hugging film machine ramuscule arm 7, hug elastic claw 12 is installed on the film graduated dial 6 uniformly.Wherein install skinning device crossbeam 1 additional on trifilar suspension frame 2 underbeams, skinning device crossbeam adopts before U-bolt 9 and preceding recessed meniscate 4 skinnings to shovel to be staggered front to back behind shovel and 5 skinnings and hangs over skinning device crossbeam 1.Shovel and ground angle are that shovel is 3 degree with the ground angle behind 2 degree, the skinning before the skinning.Skinning device crossbeam 1 adopts U-bolt 9 to be connected with trifilar suspension frame 2, and big support arm 3 hangs on the trifilar suspension frame 2 by spring pull bar 8 with trifilar suspension frame 2.Shovel 5 is staggered front to back and hangs on the skinning device crossbeam 1 behind the preceding shovel 4 of skinning and the skinning; Shovel and ground angle are that shovel is 5 degree with the ground angle behind 2 degree, the skinning before the skinning.
Hug film graduated dial 6 for 8 and be contained on the spindle nose of hugging film machine ramuscule arm 7, each hugs film graduated dial 6 circumferences is 1.45 meters, and the number of teeth of hugging the elastic claw of installing on the film graduated dial 6 12 is 60 teeth, and hugging the film width is 5.2 meters.The material of elastic claw 12 is spring steel, and diameter is 7 millimeters, evenly is contained on the circumference of hugging film graduated dial 6, and elastic claw is easy to stir and hugs collection when hugging the passive rotation of film graduated dial.
Operation principle: skinning device moving linearly under tractor-drawn, the film graduated dial is hugged in the rectilinear motion pulling of tractor-drawn, and the frictional resistance of hugging the dependence of film graduated dial and ground rotates.
(2) course of work: elastic claw 12 kiss the earths of hugging on the film graduated dial 6 produce certain elastic deformation, tractor is hugged film skinning machinery with 7 ~ 11 kilometers pullings of speed per hour, and skinning device moving linearly gos deep into 3 centimetres of sliding trackle crops of soil shallow-layer retained root stubble earthing on the loosening film simultaneously; The film graduated dial is hugged in the rectilinear motion pulling of tractor-drawn, and the frictional resistance of hugging the dependence of film graduated dial and ground rotates, and soil, top layer rubbish such as residual film, root stubble are hugged integrated windrow (can hug heap).
Embodiment 2
A kind of shovel is hugged the machinery of the residual mulch film in farmland, and it shovels 5 after comprising skinning device crossbeam 1, trifilar suspension frame 2, big support arm 3, the preceding shovel 4 of skinning, skinning, hugs film graduated dial 6; Hug film graduated dial 6 and be contained on the spindle nose of hugging film machine ramuscule arm 7, hug elastic claw 12 is installed on the film graduated dial 6 uniformly, material is spring steel, and the elastic claw diameter is 10 millimeters.The elastic claw edge diameter is 1.7 meters.Wherein install skinning device crossbeam 1 additional on trifilar suspension frame 2 underbeams, skinning device crossbeam adopts before U-bolt 9 and preceding recessed meniscate 5 skinnings to shovel to be staggered front to back behind shovel and 7 skinnings and hangs over skinning device crossbeam 1.Shovel and ground angle are that shovel is 7 degree with the ground angle behind 5 degree, the skinning before the skinning.Skinning device crossbeam 1 adopts U-bolt 9 to be connected with trifilar suspension frame 2, and big support arm 3 hangs on the trifilar suspension frame 2 by spring pull bar 8 with trifilar suspension frame 2.Shovel 5 is staggered front to back and hangs on the skinning device crossbeam 1 behind the preceding shovel 4 of skinning and the skinning; Shovel 4 and ground angle are that shovel 8 is 5 degree with the ground angle behind 5 degree, the skinning before the skinning.
Hug film graduated dial 6 for 8 and be contained on the spindle nose of hugging film machine ramuscule arm 7, each hugs film graduated dial 6 circumferences is 1.45 meters, and the number of teeth of hugging the elastic claw of installing on the film graduated dial 6 12 is 60 teeth, and hugging the film width is 5.2 meters.The material of elastic claw 12 is spring steel, and diameter is 6.5 millimeters, evenly is contained on the circumference of hugging film graduated dial 6, and elastic claw is easy to stir and hugs collection when hugging the passive rotation of film graduated dial.
Operation principle: skinning device moving linearly under tractor-drawn, the film graduated dial is hugged in the rectilinear motion pulling of tractor-drawn, and the frictional resistance of hugging the dependence of film graduated dial and ground rotates.
(2) course of work: elastic claw 12 tread surfaces of hugging on the film graduated dial 6 produce certain elastic deformation, tractor is hugged film skinning machinery with 11 kilometers pullings of speed per hour, and skinning device moving linearly gos deep into 6 centimetres of sliding trackle crops of soil shallow-layer retained root stubble earthing on the loosening film simultaneously; The film graduated dial is hugged in the rectilinear motion pulling of tractor-drawn, and the frictional resistance of hugging the dependence of film graduated dial and ground rotates, and soil, top layer rubbish such as residual film, root stubble are hugged integrated windrow (can hug heap).
Embodiment 2
Comparative test:
Conventional graduated dial formula hay rake is hugged film, is shoveled the test of hugging the residual mulch film in farmland:
Method: 8 dish pullrakes
Step: be power with 50 horsepowers of tractors, drag hay rake
Result: hug the residual mulch film poor effect of collection, receive film rate about 11%.
Adopting shovel of the present invention to hug residual mulch film mechanical device tests:
Method: be improved to suspension type, many elastic claws 8 dish hay rakes, load onto the skinning device in the hay rake front.
Step: be power with 75 horsepowers of tractors, drag hay rake
Result: receive film rate 90% or more, average operating efficiency coils 20 mu/hour of 75 horsepowers of power with 8.
Embodiment 3
Shovel of the present invention is hugged the actual use of residual mulch film mechanical device and comparable situation:
Place 1: fields for spring sowing before the Jinghai sowing cotton seed, overlay film grew cotton 4 ~ 5 years, and a small amount of building waste is arranged in the soil.
Method: be power with 80 horsepowers of tractors, drag this product and hug the residual film in the collection cotton field and do not hug film.
The result: statistics is as following table
Place 2: Inner Mongol Bayan nur drops down the preceding fields for spring sowing of Huanghe water, corn, and overlay film kind corn is more than 10 years.
Method: be power with 80 horsepowers of tractors, drag hay rake and this product respectively and hug residual film in the collection corn field.
Result: add up as following table:
Area/kind of plant Receive the film rate Emergence rate % The watermelon productive rate Quality
Tianjin/watermelon Apparatus of the present invention are received film 90% 98 Unknown Well
Tianjin/watermelon Do not hug film 70 Unknown Relatively poor
Cover west/corn Apparatus of the present invention are received film 90% 99 Unknown Well
Cover west/corn Adopt hay rake to hug film 11% 60 Unknown Relatively poor

Claims (8)

1. a shovel is hugged the mechanical device of the residual mulch film in farmland, it is characterized in that it comprises shovel (5), a plurality of film graduated dial (6) of hugging behind shovel (4) before skinning device crossbeam (1), trifilar suspension frame (2), big support arm (3), a plurality of skinning, a plurality of skinning; Skinning device crossbeam (1) top adopts U-bolt (9) to connect with trifilar suspension frame (2), and skinning device crossbeam (1) lower end is connected with shovel (5) behind the skinning with the preceding shovel of the skinning that is staggered front to back (4) by U-bolt (9); Big support arm (3) hangs on the trifilar suspension frame (2) by spring pull bar (8); Diameter is that 1.1 ~ 1.7 meters the film graduated dial (6) of hugging is contained on the spindle nose of hugging the little support arm of film machine (7), hugs film graduated dial (6) and goes up installation graduated dial elastic claw (12) uniformly.
2. mechanical device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described number of hugging film graduated dial (6) is 4-12.
3. mechanical device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that hugging film graduated dial (6), to go up the number of teeth of the graduated dial elastic claw of installing (12) be 60 ~ 90 teeth, hugging the film width is 3 ~ 7 meters.
4. mechanical device according to claim 1, the material that it is characterized in that graduated dial elastic claw (12) is spring steel, graduated dial elastic claw diameter is 6 millimeters-10 millimeters.
5. mechanical device according to claim 1 is characterized in that shovel (4) and ground angle are that shovel (5) is 1 ~ 6 degree with the ground angle behind 0 ~ 4 degree, the skinning before the skinning.
6. mechanical device according to claim 1 is characterized in that described graduated dial elastic claw (12) evenly is contained on the circumference of hugging film graduated dial (6), and the graduated dial elastic claw is easy to stir and hugs collection when hugging the passive rotation of film graduated dial.
7. mechanical device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that shovel (5) shovels (5) and hugs film graduated dial (6) sequencing combination operation after referring to the preceding shovels of 3 ~ 7 skinnings (4) and 4 ~ 8 skinnings behind the preceding shovels of described a plurality of skinnings (4), a plurality of skinning.
8. the described shovel of claim 1 using method of hugging the residual mulch film mechanical device in farmland is characterized in that being undertaken by following step:
(1) at first the skinning device is connected with the trifilar suspension frame, then with the hydraulic lifting mechanism control of tractor and the degree of depth of adjusting the shovel film, hugging film;
(2) the skinning device is positioned at and hugs before the film graduated dial touchdown point, shovels before hugging film first back chipping stubble before the skinning behind shovel and the skinning, loosens the soil, skinning;
(3) hydraulic lifting of using tractor then is pressed into 3 ~ 9 centimetres of soil layers with the skinning device elastic claw on the graduated dial in advance, elastic claw is in by pressure condition, the walking of tractor makes the elastic claw on the passive graduated dial discharge elastic force and rotates, stir residual film and the foreign material of soil shallow-layer and hug integrated shop to the centre, but follow-up mechanization bundling or pick up entrucking and work continuously.
CN2013101903383A 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device Pending CN103229690A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013101903383A CN103229690A (en) 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013101903383A CN103229690A (en) 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103229690A true CN103229690A (en) 2013-08-07

Family

ID=48877829

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013101903383A Pending CN103229690A (en) 2013-05-22 2013-05-22 Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103229690A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103444473A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-18 深圳市聚源天成技术有限公司 Residual mulching film recovering method and recovering machine set
CN104221515B (en) * 2014-10-05 2016-03-30 郭传钦 A kind of unburned stalk sower being provided with elasticity moving tooth

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87214509U (en) * 1987-10-16 1988-11-09 东北农学院 Furrow-cropping spring-tine type film reclaiming device
CN1071547A (en) * 1991-10-19 1993-05-05 新疆兵团农八师一三四团 Collector of ground film for agricultural use
CN2316800Y (en) * 1997-11-30 1999-05-05 新疆生产建设兵团农一师十一团 Gear-hanging film gatherer
CN201383921Y (en) * 2009-02-10 2010-01-20 东北农业大学 Multifunctional operating machine for recovering mulching films, cleaning stubbles and preparing soil
EP2213159A1 (en) * 2009-02-02 2010-08-04 Bertrand Couton Agricultural machine for unrolling and applying a film or veil, in particular with considerable width, over crops, and use of the latter for unwinding and applying a film to crops
KR20120070648A (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-07-02 경북대학교 산학협력단 Apparatus attached to a tractor for removing vinyl film
CN202680130U (en) * 2012-07-24 2013-01-23 吴胜利 Field-covering film collector
CN202818960U (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-03-27 辽宁省风沙地改良利用研究所 Peanut harvester capable of recycling plastic film residue

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN87214509U (en) * 1987-10-16 1988-11-09 东北农学院 Furrow-cropping spring-tine type film reclaiming device
CN1071547A (en) * 1991-10-19 1993-05-05 新疆兵团农八师一三四团 Collector of ground film for agricultural use
CN2316800Y (en) * 1997-11-30 1999-05-05 新疆生产建设兵团农一师十一团 Gear-hanging film gatherer
EP2213159A1 (en) * 2009-02-02 2010-08-04 Bertrand Couton Agricultural machine for unrolling and applying a film or veil, in particular with considerable width, over crops, and use of the latter for unwinding and applying a film to crops
CN201383921Y (en) * 2009-02-10 2010-01-20 东北农业大学 Multifunctional operating machine for recovering mulching films, cleaning stubbles and preparing soil
KR20120070648A (en) * 2010-12-22 2012-07-02 경북대학교 산학협력단 Apparatus attached to a tractor for removing vinyl film
CN202680130U (en) * 2012-07-24 2013-01-23 吴胜利 Field-covering film collector
CN202818960U (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-03-27 辽宁省风沙地改良利用研究所 Peanut harvester capable of recycling plastic film residue

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103444473A (en) * 2013-08-22 2013-12-18 深圳市聚源天成技术有限公司 Residual mulching film recovering method and recovering machine set
CN104221515B (en) * 2014-10-05 2016-03-30 郭传钦 A kind of unburned stalk sower being provided with elasticity moving tooth

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102204430B (en) Strip seedbed preparing device and seeder provided with same
CN204377363U (en) A kind of orchard stalk and the double-deck mulch-laying machine of topsoil
CN101258795A (en) Combination type recovering machine for residual-film between seedlings
CN202587776U (en) Film-picking film-discharging mechanism
CN103299733A (en) Soil purifying machine
CN103229690A (en) Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland and using method of mechanical device
CN201479560U (en) Rippling and sowing combined working machine
CN102550262B (en) Water-saving ditch seeding method and stubble-returning multi-process tiller-seeder using same
CN2922431Y (en) Suspension-mounted type cotton-straw disintegrating lefting-in-field film raking machine
CN203467331U (en) Mechanical device for shoveling and raking residual mulching films on farmland
CN103299732A (en) Soil sieving device
CN105265046A (en) Stubble-cleaning, rotary-tilling and seeding all-in-one machine
CN103039244B (en) Method for semi-mechanically transplanting rice stubble rapes under condition of returning all straws
CN206865965U (en) Direct-sowing dry rice terrace hack and cleaning level land combine
CN202455752U (en) Compound minimal-tillage combined soil preparation machine
CN204887892U (en) Incomplete garrulous plastic film recovery work machine
CN204968384U (en) Novel it is mechanical that crops intertillage is applied fertilizer
CN205232711U (en) No -tillage precision planter
CN108668602A (en) A kind of potato is pulled up seedlings weeder
CN204907006U (en) Incomplete garrulous plastic film recovery work machine
CN204836960U (en) Incomplete membrane disentanglement operation machine that incomplete membrane was retrieved cleaning device and was constituted
CN204031730U (en) The buried plough of stalk
CN103283543A (en) Mulching film removing device
CN105009717A (en) Broken mulch film recovery machine
CN203423918U (en) Clearing device for large mulching film

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
DD01 Delivery of document by public notice

Addressee: Tianjin Jie Ying Patent Agency Co., Ltd. Zhu Hongxing

Document name: Notification of Approving Refund

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20130807