CN201479560U - Rippling and sowing combined working machine - Google Patents

Rippling and sowing combined working machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201479560U
CN201479560U CN2009201632249U CN200920163224U CN201479560U CN 201479560 U CN201479560 U CN 201479560U CN 2009201632249 U CN2009201632249 U CN 2009201632249U CN 200920163224 U CN200920163224 U CN 200920163224U CN 201479560 U CN201479560 U CN 201479560U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
loosens
sowing
frame
cutting
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2009201632249U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋建农
王继承
董向前
武广伟
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China Agricultural University
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China Agricultural University
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Priority to CN2009201632249U priority Critical patent/CN201479560U/en
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Publication of CN201479560U publication Critical patent/CN201479560U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model relates to a ripping and sowing combined working machine, which is used together with a tractor and belongs to the technical field of the agricultural machinery. The ripping and sowing combined working machine comprises a transmission case (1) and a rack (2), and is characterized in that a cutting system which comprises a cutting disc (5) and a ripping component which comprises a working shovel (8) are both fixedly arranged on a working frame (10), the cutting system is arranged in front of the ripping component; a vibration system comprises an eccentric shaft connecting rod assembly (12) which is fixedly arranged on the rack (2); the front end of the working frame (10) is arranged on the rack (2) through a pin shaft (3), the rear end of the working frame (10) us connected with the eccentric shaft connecting rod assembly (12); a repression conditioning system comprises a depth limiting wheel (4) and a repression wheel (11) which are fixedly arranged on the rack (2); a sowing component comprises a furrow opener (13), a seed box (14), a sowing machine (15) and a seed conveying tube (16) which are fixedly arranged on the rack (2); and the transmission case (1) is connected with the vibration system through a main transmission shaft and is used for distributing power to the eccentric shaft connecting rod assembly (12).

Description

The sowing combine loosens the soil
Technical field
The utility model belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, particularly a kind of sowing combine that loosens the soil of and tractor effect.
Background technology
Seeding operation is the key link of agricultural production process, must require to accomplish in good time according to agrotechnique, an amount of, satisfy the agronomy environmental condition, make crop obtain the good basis of growing.
Multi-mode operation or wherein a few operations such as stalk, flat furrow, shop film, sowing, fertilising, spray medicine can be finished wholely, be built to the integration of operation facility simultaneously.The integration of operation facility can reduce the farm work number of times, alleviate machinery to soil packing, shorten duty cycle, rob farming season, can also save equipment investment, reduce operating cost.Therefore, combined drill was used widely in recent years aborning, was the direction of following planting machinery development.The combined drill that is used to produce at present mainly contains rotary tillage sower and whole ground sower.
Multi-mode operations such as the rotary tillage sower once can be finished and weed with a hoe, rotary tillage soil-working, ferti-seeding, earthing and suppression.The shovel that weeds with a hoe is installed in the place ahead at machine, and the rotary tillage soil-working part is driven by tractor motive power output shaft, and seeding unit and defertilizing tube are by the ground wheel drive.The seeding and fertilizing device is installed in rotovator top, and the grain tube end is a plough, behind the seed earthing of sowing by the press wheel compacting.
Whole ground sower is the facility that carry out operation on the face of land of farming, multi-mode operations such as this machine also can once be finished and loosen the soil, hack, sowing, suppression of soil.Seeding unit generally adopts pneumatic type to concentrate dispenser, and seed wheel is driven by drive.
The seeding machinery of China by design voluntarily, is introduced type through years of development, has produced miscellaneous type.But bigger at cultivating procedure to the disturbance of soil, can cause soil moisture and loss of nutrient substances like this, be unfavorable for the raising of crop yield.
Summary of the invention
Disturbance to soil is big in the course of the work at traditional seeding operation facility, soil moisture and the more serious problem of nutriment loss, a kind of operation principle of novelty that adopts the sowing combine that loosens the soil that the utility model is announced realized loosening the soil process of operation of sowing (fertilising) one, avoiding soil to turn over turns up soil and big soil disturbance, improve soil structure, improve the gas permeability of soil and water-holding capacity, reduce soil water evaporation.Rely on the zone (spacing) tillage principle, the full pattern of loosening the soil of ploughing breaks traditions, can realize that the original place puts integrated with sowing of turning up soil, multi-mode operations such as one action can be finished and loosen the soil, hack, sowing, suppression of soil, can be widely used in sowing the sowing of big grain such as corn, soybean crop, also applicable to the after-culture in the range improvement process.
A kind of sowing combine that loosens the soil comprises gearbox 1, frame 2, it is characterized in that: comprise the diced system of cutting disc 5 and comprise that the assembly that loosens the soil of work shovel 8 is separately fixed on the falsework 10, diced system is installed in the assembly the place ahead of loosening the soil; Vibrational system comprises the eccentric shaft link assembly 12 that is fixed on the frame 2; Falsework 10 front ends are installed on the frame 2 by bearing pin 3, and the rear end is connected in eccentric shaft link assembly 12; The suppression regulating system comprises gauge wheel 4 and the press wheel 11 that is fixed on the frame 2; The seeding assembly comprises plough 13, kind case 14, seeding unit 15, the grain tube 16 that is fixed on the frame 2; Gearbox 1 links to each other with vibrational system by final drive shaft, is used for distributed power to eccentric shaft link assembly 12.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
1, this sowing combine that loosens the soil adopts a kind of operation principle of novelty realized loosening the soil process of operation of sowing (fertilising) one, avoiding soil to turn over turns up soil and big soil disturbance, improve soil structure, improve the gas permeability of soil and water-holding capacity, reduce soil water evaporation.
2, this sowing combine that loosens the soil adopts the original place to put the upturned soil technology, and the sowing institutional operation of loosening the soil can be satisfied protection farming agriculture requirement to a certain extent.
3, this sowing combine that loosens the soil adopts modularized design, is made up of working cells such as cutting assembly, eccentric ratio assembly, seeding assembly, suppression assemblies, and each unit is installed on the frame, during work, can increase each unit according to different needs.
4, this sowing combine that loosens the soil adopts diced system, and the assembly that loosens the soil has effectively reduced the cutting resistance and the resistance that loosens the soil with the form of falsework body vibration, has strengthened the loose effect to soil.
5, this seeding assembly of sowing combine that loosens the soil can be used for the seeding fertilising and carry out simultaneously according to actual needs, increases work efficiency greatly, is widely used in the agriculture row such as corn, Chinese sorghum of going up and broadcasts, and also is applicable to the after-culture on grassland.
Brief description of drawings
Fig. 1 unites main TV structure schematic diagram for the sowing of loosening the soil;
Fig. 2 is the diced system schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is work shovel frame master TV structure schematic diagram.
Embodiment
Originally the sowing combine that loosens the soil mainly comprises gearbox 1, frame 2, bearing pin 3, gauge wheel 4, cutting disc 5, cutting cutter shaft 6, cutting support 7, work shovel 8, work shovel frame 9, falsework 10, press wheel 11, eccentric shaft link assembly 12, plough 13, plants case 14, seeding unit 15 and grain tube 16.
Diced system comprises cutting disc 5, cutting cutter shaft 6, cutting support 7, is installed in the assembly dead ahead of loosening the soil, and two cutting discs are passive type.Preferably, the quantity of cutting disc 5 is two.The shape of cutting disc 5 is a kind of in light sword, zigzag or the horn-like breach.The spacing of two cutting discs 5 is the spacing that equals or be slightly larger than 8 liang of edge-on swords of work shovel.Preferably, cutting disc 5 is a passive type.
Described diced system also comprises cutting support 7, forms by two, fixedlys connected with cutting axis 6, and cutting axis 6 is divided into two sections, and axis angle is identical with the angle that 8 liang of edge-on swords are shoveled in work; It is trapezoidal Tu Fa that its cutting forms section; The upper end is separately fixed at falsework 10, and some positions installing hole 18 is arranged, to regulate the cutting embedded depth.
The assembly that loosens the soil comprises work shovel 8, work shovel frame 9 and falsework 10.Work shovel frame 9 is an inverted trapezoidal structure, is fixedly mounted on falsework 10 rear ends, and bottom work shovel 8 is installed by supporting plate and the working face angular range is 20 °~35 °.Work shovel 8 spades are designed to flat, and front end is 10 °~170 ° wedge angles, for improving penetration performance, adopt the bending shovel of bending downwards.
Vibrational system eccentric shaft link assembly 12 is fixed on the frame 2, provide power by gearbox 1 chain drive, connecting rod links to each other with work shovel frame 9 hangers, amplitude is designed to two kinds of 20mm, 25mm, shake and be 10HZ frequently, and can have level to regulate according to need of work, and the amplitude of eccentric shaft link assembly 12 is designed to 10~60mm, and shaking frequently is 1~20HZ.
Falsework 10 front ends are articulated in fixed position on the frame 2 by bearing pin 3, and the rear end connects eccentric shaft link assembly 12 by bearing pin 17.Under the effect of this assembly, falsework 10 is done around bearing pin 3 and is swung up and down, and makes diced system and loosens the soil assembly generation vibration.
The seeding assembly comprises plough 13, kind case 14, seeding unit 15 and the grain tube 16 that is fixed on the frame 2.Seeding unit is the dispenser of standard, and grain tube is a kind of flexible pipe of plastic material, can adjust the position as required.
The suppression regulating system comprises front end support wheel 4 and some press wheels 11.An amount of spike-tooth is housed on the press wheel cylinder.Press wheel 11 is fixed on the frame 2 with the supporting use of work monomer, suppression regulating system, and form can be rigidly connected or flexibly connect.
Loosen the soil sowing combine when work by the tractor motive power output shaft outputting power to gearbox 1, the vibrational system that gearbox 1 distributed power is formed to eccentric shaft link assembly 12, cutting disc 5 cuttings of diced system form trapezoidal native upturned soil bar, trapezoidal native upturned soil bar shovels 8 by the rear by work, the assembly that loosens the soil that trapezoidal work shovel frame 9 is formed, put back to original position again, in this process, eccentric shaft link assembly 12 drives the assembly that loosens the soil and produces vibration, make that the soil that shovels by work is loosened, trapezoidal work shovel frame 9 can prevent that Tu Fa from blocking up, undertaken further loosening by the suppression regulating system that the rear has, can improve operation effectiveness.
This sowing combine that loosens the soil adopts modularized design, comprises cutting assembly, eccentric ratio assembly, seeding assembly, suppression assembly, and each unit is installed on the frame, during work, can increase each unit according to different needs.
It should be noted last that, above embodiment is only unrestricted in order to the explanation the technical solution of the utility model, although the utility model is had been described in detail with reference to preferred embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that, can make amendment or be equal to replacement the technical scheme that the utility model is implemented, and not breaking away from design spirit and scope of the present utility model, it all should be encompassed in the middle of the claim scope of the present utility model.

Claims (11)

1. sowing combine that loosens the soil, comprise gearbox (1), frame (2), it is characterized in that: comprise the diced system of cutting disc (5) and comprise that the assembly that loosens the soil of work shovel (8) is separately fixed on the falsework (10), diced system is installed in the assembly the place ahead of loosening the soil; Vibrational system comprises the eccentric shaft link assembly (12) that is fixed on the frame (2); Falsework (10) front end is installed on the frame (2) by bearing pin (3), and the rear end is connected in eccentric shaft link assembly (12); The suppression regulating system comprises gauge wheel (4) and the press wheel (11) that is fixed on the frame (2); The seeding assembly comprises plough (13), kind case (14), seeding unit (15), the grain tube (16) that is fixed on the frame (2); Gearbox (1) links to each other with vibrational system by final drive shaft, is used for distributed power to eccentric shaft link assembly (12).
2. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the described assembly that loosens the soil also comprises work shovel frame (9), be fixed on falsework (10) rear end, described work shovel frame (9) is an inverted trapezoidal structure, and the bottom perching knife is installed supporting plate and the working face angular range is 20 °~35 °.
3. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the quantity of described cutting disc (5) is two.
4. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the shape of described cutting disc (5) is a kind of in light sword, zigzag or the horn-like breach.
5. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the spacing of described two cutting discs (5) is for being equal to or greater than the spacing of work shovel (8) two edge-on swords.
6. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described cutting disc (5) is a passive type.
7. according to claim 1 or the 2 described sowing combines that loosen the soil, it is characterized in that: described diced system also comprises cutting support (7), forms by two, fixedlys connected with cutting axis (6), cutting axis (6) is divided into two sections, and axis angle is identical with the angle of work shovel (8) two edge-on swords; It is trapezoidal Tu Fa that its cutting forms section; The upper end is separately fixed at falsework (10), and position installing hole (18) is arranged, to regulate the cutting embedded depth.
8. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: the rear end of falsework (10) is connected with eccentric shaft link assembly (12) by bearing pin (17), thereby falsework (10) is connected with vibrational system.
9. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described work shovel (8) spade is designed to flat, and front end is 10 °~170 ° wedge angles, and bending downwards.
10. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: eccentric shaft link assembly (12) links to each other with work shovel frame (9), and amplitude is designed to 10~60mm, and shaking frequently is 1~20HZ.
11. the sowing combine that loosens the soil according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that: described suppression regulating system the form on the frame (2) of being fixed on is to be rigidly connected or to flexibly connect.
CN2009201632249U 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Rippling and sowing combined working machine Expired - Fee Related CN201479560U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201632249U CN201479560U (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Rippling and sowing combined working machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009201632249U CN201479560U (en) 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Rippling and sowing combined working machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201479560U true CN201479560U (en) 2010-05-26

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102499016A (en) * 2011-10-23 2012-06-20 乔一品 Saw turn type ditching machine for transplanting saplings
CN102893732A (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-01-30 中国农业大学 Vibration circular disc type no-tillage anti-blocking device
CN103190218A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 艾孜提艾力·麦麦提 Joint operation machine for rotary tillage, film mulching and seeding
CN110557983A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-13 中国农业大学 Vibrating type soil remediation gravel crushing, screening and returning device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102499016A (en) * 2011-10-23 2012-06-20 乔一品 Saw turn type ditching machine for transplanting saplings
CN102893732A (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-01-30 中国农业大学 Vibration circular disc type no-tillage anti-blocking device
CN102893732B (en) * 2012-10-19 2014-11-19 中国农业大学 Vibration circular disc type no-tillage anti-blocking device
CN103190218A (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-07-10 艾孜提艾力·麦麦提 Joint operation machine for rotary tillage, film mulching and seeding
CN110557983A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-13 中国农业大学 Vibrating type soil remediation gravel crushing, screening and returning device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20100526

Termination date: 20140630

EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model