CN103113989B - Tobacco essence capable of improving cigarette taste and aroma - Google Patents

Tobacco essence capable of improving cigarette taste and aroma Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103113989B
CN103113989B CN201310072358.0A CN201310072358A CN103113989B CN 103113989 B CN103113989 B CN 103113989B CN 201310072358 A CN201310072358 A CN 201310072358A CN 103113989 B CN103113989 B CN 103113989B
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part
tobacco
flavouring essence
characterized
carbon dioxide
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CN201310072358.0A
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CN103113989A (en
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王铭陆
崔秀明
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华宝食用香精香料(上海)有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to tobacco essence capable of improving cigarette taste and aroma and also relates to application of the tobacco essence in cigarettes. The tobacco essence mainly comprises propylene glycol, loquat leaf extract, salvia miltiorrhiza extract, labdanum oil, rhodinol, mint lactone, guaiacol, carvone, acetic acid isobutyl ester and alpha-pinene. The tobacco essence has the effects of softening and smoothening the smoke, cleaning the residual odor, reducing the irritation and moisturizing, and the tobacco quality is improved.

Description

A kind of flavouring essence for tobacco that improves cigarette mouthfeel and fragrance

[technical field]

The invention belongs to flavouring essence for tobacco technical field.More specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of flavouring essence for tobacco that improves cigarette mouthfeel and fragrance, and the application of described essence in cigarette.

[background technology]

Along with social progress, " smoking is with healthy " problem has caused social concerns widely.Along with improving constantly of standard of living, people's health perception is more and more stronger." smoking with healthy " becomes one of main challenge that tobacco industry faces in evolution.Since 2005, State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau has organized cigarette hazardness index system and two great special item work of cigarette flavouring humectation, has obtained certain achievement.At the beginning of 2010, State Tobacco Monopoly Bureau clearly proposes " level on cigarette " conduct basic principle and the strategic task of an industry job in period at present and in the future, and the humectation of cigarette flavouring, Harm reduction techniques technology are two large main directions.Domestic cigarette dry sensation is obvious, makes the comfortableness of sucking of cigarette be subject to obvious inhibition." smoking is with healthy " problem, has reflected that reducing tar and reducing harm keeps again the difficulty between fragrance style, and the defect of compensating aroma technology makes human consumer have certain influence to the acceptance level of low-coke tar cigarette.Therefore, " flavouring humectation " become the common issue that industry faces.When continuing to reduce targetedly cigarette harm, keep and promote perfume quantity and the fragrance matter of tobacco, overcome the obvious proterties of Chinese-style cigarette dry sensation simultaneously, be the developing goal of new period high-quality cigarette.

By add the flavouring essence for tobacco that contains Chinese herbal medicine extract in tobacco, can not affect on the basis of this perfume (or spice) of tobacco, promote cigarette flavor matter and perfume quantity, flue gas is more fine and smooth soft, and pleasant impression is clean, and pungency reduces, comfortable taste.

Chinese patent application 200710138919.7 discloses a kind of irritating method of reduction cigarette, it is characterized in that raw material is one or more in lotus leaf, Grosvenor Momordica, Herba Lophatheri, the clean vanilla of mosquito, the flower bud of lily magnolia, tree moss, Rhizome of Lalang Grass, Stigma Maydis, hops, raw material is extracted to medicinal extract or volatile oil, medicinal extract or volatile oil are joined in cigarette shreds or filter tip by suitable proportion, cigarette becomes cigarette again, can make the cigarette that pungency obviously reduces.

Chinese patent application 03140240.2 discloses a kind of cigarette Chinese herb feed additive and preparation method thereof, and its preparation method comprises the steps: to prepare herbal medicine leach liquor; Prepare extracts of Chinese herbal medicine medicinal extract; Prepare pipe tobacco enzyme hydrolyzate; Then after extracts of Chinese herbal medicine medicinal extract, reducing sugar and pipe tobacco enzyme hydrolyzate being mixed, be placed in Maillard reaction device, at the temperature of 110~128 ℃, react 15~45 minutes, finally obtain cigarette Chinese herb feed additive.Wherein, described herbal raw material is one or more mixtures of Loquat Leaf, Herba Pileae Scriptae, Herba Epimedii, Fructus Corni, thizoma curculiginis, the red sage root, Yunnan Caulis Spatholobi.

The inventor, through studying for many years and repetition test, has completed the present invention.In the methods of the invention, Folium Eriobotryae fermented product has the effect of removing heat from the lung and dissipating phlegm, cough-relieving, and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract has preventing hypertension, prevents stenocardia, the effect of nourishing blood to tranquillize the mind.Therefore the flavouring essence for tobacco that contains herbal medicine is added in the middle of tobacco, there is the effect of reducing tar and reducing harm.

[summary of the invention]

[technical problem that will solve]

The object of this invention is to provide a kind of flavouring essence for tobacco that improves cigarette mouthfeel and fragrance.

Another object of the present invention is the application of described essence in cigarette.

[technical scheme]

The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions.

The present invention relates to a kind of flavouring essence for tobacco that improves cigarette mouthfeel and fragrance, described flavouring essence for tobacco consists of the following composition by weight: propylene glycol 70-75 part, Folium Eriobotryae fermented product 0.5-1 part, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract 1-2 part, ladanum oil 0.5-1 part, rhodinol 0.5-1.5 part, peppermint lactone 0.5-1 part, methyl catechol 0.3-1 part, Karvon 0.7-2 part, isobutyl acetate 0.5-2 part, α-pinene 0.7-2 part, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.

According to a kind of embodiment of the present invention, described flavouring essence for tobacco also contains bright nurse ether 0.4-2 part by weight.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, described flavouring essence for tobacco also contains cedar(wood)oil 0.6-2 part by weight.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, the preparation method of described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is ground into respectively powder by airflow pulverization method by Loquat Leaf and raw material, then utilizes supercritical carbon dioxide extraction mode, and Loquat Leaf is extracted.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, the preparation method of described Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract is ground into respectively powder by airflow pulverization method by salvia miltiorrhiza raw material, then utilizes supercritical carbon dioxide extraction mode, and Danshen Root is extracted.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, the granularity of Loquat Leaf and Danshen Root is 200-300 order.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure of Loquat Leaf is 50-60MPa, and extraction time is 8-10h, and extraction temperature is 60-70 ℃.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure of Danshen Root is 50-60MPa, and extraction time is 8-10h, and extraction temperature is 60-70 ℃.

According to another kind of embodiment of the present invention, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction number of times of Loquat Leaf and Danshen Root is 3 times.

The invention still further relates to the application of described flavouring essence for tobacco in cigarette, wherein in pipe tobacco, add and account for flavouring essence for tobacco described in tobacco quality 0.1-0.5%.

The present invention will be described in more detail below.

The present invention relates to a kind of flavouring essence for tobacco that improves cigarette mouthfeel and fragrance, described flavouring essence for tobacco consists of the following composition by weight: propylene glycol 70-75 part, Folium Eriobotryae fermented product 0.5-1 part, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract 1-2 part, ladanum oil 0.5-1 part, rhodinol 0.5-1.5 part, peppermint lactone 0.5-1 part, methyl catechol 0.3-1 part, Karvon 0.7-2 part, isobutyl acetate 0.5-2 part, α-pinene 0.7-2 part, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.

In addition, described flavouring essence for tobacco also contains bright nurse ether 0.4-2 part by weight.

In addition, described flavouring essence for tobacco also contains cedar(wood)oil 0.6-2 part by weight.

Loquat Leaf is the relieving cough and reducing sputum medicine of commonly using, and has the effect of removing heat from the lung and dissipating phlegm, cough-relieving, stopping nausea and vomiting by lowering the adverse flow of QI.

The preparation method of described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is ground into respectively granularity 200-300 object powder by airflow pulverization method by Loquat Leaf and raw material, then utilize supercritical carbon dioxide extraction mode, in pressure 50-60MPa, extraction time 8-10h, extraction temperature, be under the condition of 60-70 ℃, to Loquat Leaf extraction 3 times.

The red sage root has another name called red ginseng, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae, red etc., there is cardiac stimulant, coronary artery dilating, increase myocardial blood flow, antithrombotic and form, improve microcirculation, promote reparation and the regeneration of tissue, and protect the liver, the effect such as antibacterial, reducing blood-fat.

The preparation method of described Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract is ground into respectively granularity 200-300 object powder by airflow pulverization method by salvia miltiorrhiza raw material, then utilize supercritical carbon dioxide extraction mode, in pressure 50-60MPa, extraction time 8-10h, extraction temperature, be under the condition of 60-70 ℃, to Danshen Root extraction 3 times.

Labdanum is Cistaceae Cistus, perennial evergreen undershrub.Rely uncle when medicinal extract and essential oil thereof, have warm imperial saliva and amber cream fragrance, fragrance remaining time is long, and fixation is effective, is the natural plant pefume of rare animal note, a large amount of allotments for the cosmetics of super quality, perfume and flavouring essence for tobacco.

Rhodinol is present in rose oil, the many essential oils of rosewood wet goods, has wax perfume (or spice), the fragrance of a flower, powder perfume, Muscat Hamburg, is the type-odor of rose scent essence.

Peppermint lactone is present in mentha piperita oil, belongs to natural equivalent spices, has the fragrance of fragrant and sweet, cream, cocoa and tonka bean camphor sample, the fragrant and tobacco aromatic with powder.

Methyl catechol, is a kind of white or micro-yellow crystal or colourless extremely faint yellow transparent oily liquid, has special aromatic odour, and occurring in nature is present in guaiacol resin, pine tar and hardwood empyreumatic oil, is widely used in the synthetic of medicine, spices and dyestuff.

Karvon is a kind of important spices, is widely used in foodstuffs industry and chemical industry, particularly in toothpaste, hard candy, chewing gum and various beverage.

The mixture that bright nurse ether is comprised of multiple ester, alcohol, aldehyde etc., has the fragrance of similar Rum, is the important spices of the bright nurse essence of preparation, for some fruital and tobacco flavour etc.

Cedar(wood)oil is light yellow to yellow clear liquid.By Cupressaceae plant Japan cypress, through wet distillation, obtained, main component is cypress camphor, α-and composition such as β-very little whitewood's alkene, thujopsene.

The invention still further relates to the application of described flavouring essence for tobacco in cigarette, wherein in pipe tobacco, add and account for flavouring essence for tobacco described in tobacco quality 0.1-0.5%.

[beneficial effect]

According to flavouring essence for tobacco of the present invention, have make that flue gas exquisiteness is soft, pleasant impression is clean, reduce the effect of pungency, humectation, has promoted cigarette quality.

[embodiment]

Non-limiting example is used for illustrating in greater detail the present invention below.

embodiment 1

The flavouring essence for tobacco of the present embodiment is mixed by weight by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 0.5 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1 part of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract, 0.5 part of ladanum oil, 0.5 part of rhodinol, 0.5 part of peppermint lactone, 0.3 part of methyl catechol, 0.7 part of Karvon, 0.5 part of isobutyl acetate, 0.7 part of α-pinene, 95 volume % aqueous ethanolic solutions complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product and Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract are after Loquat Leaf and red sage root pulverizing, by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 200 orders.Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 60MPa, and extraction time is 10h, and extraction temperature is 70 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 2

The flavouring essence for tobacco of the present embodiment is mixed by weight by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 0.7 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.5 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.7 part of ladanum oil, 0.8 part of rhodinol, 0.9 part of peppermint lactone, 0.7 part of methyl catechol, 0.9 part of Karvon, 0.6 part of isobutyl acetate, 0.7 part of α-pinene, 95 volume % aqueous ethanolic solutions complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 50MPa, and extraction time is 8h, and extraction temperature is 65 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 3

The flavouring essence for tobacco of the present embodiment is mixed by weight by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 1 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 2 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 1 part of ladanum oil, 1 part of rhodinol, 1 part of peppermint lactone, 1 part of methyl catechol, 1 part of Karvon, 1 part of isobutyl acetate, 1 part of α-pinene, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 300 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 9h, and extraction temperature is 60 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 4

The flavouring essence for tobacco of the present embodiment is mixed by weight by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 0.6 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.4 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.9 part of ladanum oil, 0.7 part of rhodinol, 0.8 part of peppermint lactone, 0.8 part of methyl catechol, 1.2 parts of Karvons, 0.7 part of isobutyl acetate, 1 part of α-pinene, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 8h, and extraction temperature is 67 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 5

The flavouring essence for tobacco of the present embodiment is mixed by weight by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 0.6 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.4 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.9 part of ladanum oil, 0.7 part of rhodinol, 0.8 part of peppermint lactone, 0.8 part of methyl catechol, 0.8 part of Karvon, 0.7 part of isobutyl acetate, 1 part of α-pinene, 1 part, bright nurse ether, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 8h, and extraction temperature is 67 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 6

This flavouring essence for tobacco is mixed by weight percentage by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 0.6 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.4 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.9 part of ladanum oil, 0.7 part of rhodinol, 0.8 part of peppermint lactone, 0.8 part of methyl catechol, 0.7 part of Karvon, 0.7 part of isobutyl acetate, 1 part of α-pinene, 1 part, bright nurse ether, 1 part of cedar(wood)oil, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 8h, and extraction temperature is 67 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 7

This flavouring essence for tobacco is mixed by weight percentage by following raw materials according: 70 parts of propylene glycol, 0.6 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.4 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.9 part of ladanum oil, 1.5 parts of rhodinols, 0.8 part of peppermint lactone, 0.8 part of methyl catechol, 0.7 part of Karvon, 0.7 part of isobutyl acetate, 1 part of α-pinene, 1 part of cedar(wood)oil, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 10h, and extraction temperature is 68 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 8

This flavouring essence for tobacco is mixed by weight percentage by following raw materials according: 70 parts of propylene glycol, 0.6 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.4 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.9 part of ladanum oil, 1.2 parts of rhodinols, 0.8 part of peppermint lactone, 0.8 part of methyl catechol, 1.2 parts of Karvons, 2 parts of isobutyl acetates, 1 part of α-pinene, 0.4 part, bright nurse ether, 2 parts of cedar(wood)oil, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 8h, and extraction temperature is 69 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

embodiment 9

This flavouring essence for tobacco is mixed by weight percentage by following raw materials according: 75 parts of propylene glycol, 0.6 part of Folium Eriobotryae fermented product, 1.4 parts of Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extracts, 0.9 part of ladanum oil, 0.7 part of rhodinol, 0.8 part of peppermint lactone, 0.8 part of methyl catechol, 2 parts of Karvons, 1.5 parts of isobutyl acetates, 2 parts of α-pinenes, 2 parts, bright nurse ether, 0.6 part of cedar(wood)oil, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.Described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by supercritical co mode, to extract the extract obtaining after Loquat Leaf is pulverized.Grinding mode is comminution by gas stream, and being crushed to order number is 250 orders.Loquat Leaf supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure is 55MPa, and extraction time is 8h, and extraction temperature is 70 ℃, and extraction times is 3 times.

The flavouring essence for tobacco that above embodiment obtains is dissolved into respectively in water, makes it reach volumetric concentration 1-10%, is then evenly sprayed onto in pipe tobacco, and 2h is placed in sealing, then dries and make cigarette by art methods.The cigarette of making is smoked panel test.Smoke panel test by 13 specialties composition of personnel of smokeing panel test, adopt and secretly comment mode to smoke panel test.The content of smokeing panel test is given a mark according to fragrance matter, perfume quantity, concentration, pleasant impression and five indexs of assorted gas, takes the mean.

Sensory quality assessment standard is as shown in the table:

Final score: embodiment 1 must be divided into 43 minutes, and embodiment 2 must be divided into 42 minutes, and embodiment 3 must be divided into 42 minutes, embodiment 4 must be divided into 43 minutes, and embodiment 5 must be divided into 41 minutes, and embodiment 6 must be divided into 43 minutes, embodiment 7 scores are about 42 minutes, and embodiment 8 scores are about 43 minutes, and embodiment 9 scores are about 41 minutes.

Claims (10)

1. the flavouring essence for tobacco that can improve cigarette mouthfeel and fragrance, it is characterized in that described flavouring essence for tobacco consists of the following composition by weight: propylene glycol 70-75 part, Folium Eriobotryae fermented product 0.5-1 part, Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract 1-2 part, ladanum oil 0.5-1 part, rhodinol 0.5-1.5 part, peppermint lactone 0.5-1 part, methyl catechol 0.3-1 part, Karvon 0.7-2 part, isobutyl acetate 0.5-2 part, α-pinene 0.7-2 part, 95 volume % ethanol complement to 100 parts.
2. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 1, the preparation method who it is characterized in that described Folium Eriobotryae fermented product is by Loquat Leaf raw material pulverizing powdered by airflow pulverization method, then utilize supercritical carbon dioxide extraction mode, Loquat Leaf is extracted.
3. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 1, the preparation method who it is characterized in that described Radix Salviae Miltiorrhizae extract is ground into respectively powder by airflow pulverization method by salvia miltiorrhiza raw material, then utilizes supercritical carbon dioxide extraction mode, and Danshen Root is extracted.
4. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 2, the granularity that it is characterized in that Loquat Leaf is 200-300 order.
5. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 3, the granularity that it is characterized in that Danshen Root is 200-300 order.
6. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 2, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure that it is characterized in that Loquat Leaf is 50-60MPa, and extraction time is 8-10h, and extraction temperature is 60-70 ℃.
7. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 3, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction pressure that it is characterized in that Danshen Root is 50-60MPa, and extraction time is 8-10h, and extraction temperature is 60-70 ℃.
8. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 2, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction number of times that it is characterized in that Loquat Leaf is 3 times.
9. flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 3, the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction number of times that it is characterized in that Danshen Root is 3 times.
10. the application of flavouring essence for tobacco according to claim 1 in cigarette, is characterized in that adding in pipe tobacco the described flavouring essence for tobacco that accounts for tobacco quality 0.1-0.5%.
CN201310072358.0A 2013-03-07 2013-03-07 Tobacco essence capable of improving cigarette taste and aroma CN103113989B (en)

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