CN103110167B - Nut cracking device - Google Patents

Nut cracking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103110167B
CN103110167B CN201310055972.6A CN201310055972A CN103110167B CN 103110167 B CN103110167 B CN 103110167B CN 201310055972 A CN201310055972 A CN 201310055972A CN 103110167 B CN103110167 B CN 103110167B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
nut
pressing plate
rod
pressure plate
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310055972.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103110167A (en
Inventor
时忠明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
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Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture filed Critical Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
Priority to CN201310055972.6A priority Critical patent/CN103110167B/en
Publication of CN103110167A publication Critical patent/CN103110167A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103110167B publication Critical patent/CN103110167B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a nut cracking device which comprises a cracking device and a feeding device. The cracking device comprises a side plate arranged vertically, one side of the side plate is fixed, a pressure plate is arranged on the other side of the side plate in a clearance manner, the upper end of the pressure plate is hinged on a rotating device which is driven by a driving device to rotate, a connecting rod is hinged at the lower end of the pressure plate, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged on a fixed plate arranged fixedly, the feeding device comprises a charging opening and a container, the charging opening is arranged above the side plate and the pressure plate, and the container is used for accommodating nuts. A nut falls into space between the pressure plate and the side plate via the charging opening, and the rotating device rotates to drive the pressure plate to ascend and descend; when the pressure plate ascends, an included angle between the connecting rod and the pressure plate is enlarged, the pressure plate is pushed to approach the side plate, and accordingly a shell of the nut is crushed under pressure; when the pressure plate descends, the included angle between the connecting rod and the pressure plate is diminished, the pressure plate leaves the side plate, and sufficient clearance is formed, so that the nut with the crushed shell falls down; and the cycle continues, the pressure plate performs cyclic crushing and discharging relative to the side plate, and batch production is realized.

Description

A kind of device being applied to nut cracking
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of food processing apparatus that can carry out broken shell to nut.
Background technology
Nut is the essential part of plant, generally all nutritious, higher containing protein, grease, mineral matter, vitamin, grows, builds up health, prevent disease has fabulous effect, thus extensively liked growth in humans.But nut all has shell usually, need to break shell and can taste inner seed or kernel, this shell is usually comparatively hard, thus needs, by means of can the device of broken shell, to bring very big inconvenience to eater, reduce the consumption enthusiasm of eater, be unfavorable for selling.
Summary of the invention
Object: the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of device that can carry out batch broken shell to nut.
Technical scheme: for solving the problem, the invention provides a kind of device being applied to nut cracking, comprise hulling machine and pay-off, hulling machine, comprise and vertically arranging and the fixing side plate in side, described side plate opposite side gap is provided with pressing plate, described pressing plate upper end thereof driven by drive unit rotate whirligig on, the lower end of described pressing plate is hinged with connecting rod, and the other end of described connecting rod is hinged on the fixed head that is fixedly installed; Pay-off, at least comprises and is arranged on the blanking port above described side plate and pressing plate and the container for holding described nut.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described whirligig is runner, and described pressing plate upper end Eccentric-hinge is connected on the end face of described runner.
Also comprise the hollow pipe be horizontally set on above described hulling machine, described blanking port is arranged on described hollow tube base, described container to be arranged on above described hollow pipe and with the inner space of described hollow pipe, described hollow pipe one end is also provided with the push rod inserting into the inner chamber at least partly, described push rod is also connected with the power set promoting its horizontal movement.
As a further improvement on the present invention, also comprise rotating cam, described cam remains linear contact lay with the contact arm being arranged on described push rod one end.
As a further improvement on the present invention, flexible member is connected with between the body of described contact arm and described hollow pipe.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described cam is connected with drive with one heart, the external diameter of described drive is identical with the external diameter of described runner, and described drive and runner are all connected on described drive unit.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described power set are driving wheel, and described drive is connected with driving wheel by driving-chain or driving-belt respectively with runner.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described fixed head comprises the fixing fixed block in position and moveable movable block, be provided with gap between described movable block and fixed block, and regulate by up-down adjustment device and left and right adjusting device, described connecting rod one end is hinged on described movable block.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described up-down adjustment device comprises and connects described fixed block and movable block and vertically disposed first bolt, described left and right adjusting device comprises and connects described fixed block and movable block and horizontally disposed second bolt, and described first bolt is equipped with the adjusting nut that can coordinate with on the second bolt.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described side plate is relative to a rough surface of described pressing plate and cross section is arranged to the arc of indent.
Beneficial effect:
(1) nut falls between pressing plate and side plate by blanking port, whirligig moves in a circle the uplink and downlink of band dynamic pressure plate, and when pressing plate is up, between connecting rod and pressing plate, angle becomes large, thus it is close to side plate to promote pressing plate, now nut shell pressurized thus crushed; When pressing plate is descending, between connecting rod and pressing plate, angle diminishes, and pressing plate plate leaves side plate, form enough gaps, be convenient to be fallen by the nut of broken shell, so, along with whirligig continuous rotation, pressing plate does relative to side plate and periodically crushes and discharge, realizes batch production;
(2) whirligig is runner, and pressing plate Eccentric-hinge is connected on runner, is rotated and can be driven presser motion, can bear larger torque compared with other revolving parts such as cranks by runner;
(3) nut in container falls into hollow pipe inner chamber, and push rod is promoted nut and fallen by material-dropping hole under the effect of power set;
(4) power set are rotating cam, and its cam contour contacts with the contact arm retention wire on push rod all the time, now, promotion push rod moves reciprocatingly by cam, thus gap promotion nut falls into material-dropping hole, makes the broken shell all separately of each nut, improves crudy;
(5) contact arm is connected by flexible member with hollow body, can cross promotion contact arm and reset, contact arm is still contacted with its retention wire when cam forwards less side to;
(6) external diameter of drive is identical with the external diameter of runner, and all connect on the drive means, make runner top board impulse stroke and the push rod promoted by cam movement travel required time equal, being convenient to control nut falls into hulling machine opportunity from material-dropping hole, avoiding nut directly to fall from hulling machine without crushing;
(7) Chain conveyer or V belt translation, structure is simple, stable drive;
(8) by regulating the gap between movable block and fixed block, movable block upper-lower position and right position can be regulated, and then regulate the distance of connecting rod and side plate, thus change the beeline of pressing plate and side plate, can ensure produce suitable pressure man-hour adding, can prevent again pressing plate and side plate gap too small and cause nut without process directly fall from;
(9) by regulating adjusting nut can realize adjustment that is upper and lower to movable block, right position, simple to operate;
(10) side plate is relative to a rough surface of described pressing plate and cross section is arranged to the arc of indent, can increase the compression area of nut, uniform force when making nut pressurized.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation being applied to the device of nut cracking of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be in Fig. 1 A-A to view;
Wherein: 2-side plate, 4-pressing plate, 6-connecting rod, 8-first bolt, 10-movable block, 12-adjusting nut, 14-second bolt, 15-fixed block, 16-driving wheel, 18-drive, 20-cam, 22-contact arm, 24-flexible member, 26-push rod, 28-container, 30-material-dropping hole, 32-hollow pipe, M-cross section.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further details.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention includes hulling machine and pay-off, hulling machine comprises and vertically arranging and the fixing side plate 2 in side, side plate 2 opposite side gap is provided with pressing plate 4, pressing plate 4 upper end thereof driven by drive unit rotate whirligig on, the lower end of pressing plate 4 is hinged with connecting rod 6, and the other end of connecting rod 6 is hinged on the fixed head that is fixedly installed, pay-off, at least comprises and is arranged on the blanking port above side plate 2 and pressing plate 4 and the container 28 for holding nut.
Nut falls between pressing plate 4 and side plate 2 by blanking port, whirligig moves in a circle band dynamic pressure plate 4 uplink and downlink, and when pressing plate 4 is up, between connecting rod 6 and pressing plate 4, angle becomes large, thus it is close to side plate 2 to promote pressing plate 4 plate, now nut shell pressurized thus crushed; When pressing plate 4 is descending, between connecting rod 6 and pressing plate 4, angle diminishes, and pressing plate 4 leaves side plate 2, form enough gaps, be convenient to be fallen by the nut of broken shell, so, along with whirligig continuous rotation, pressing plate 4 does relative to side plate 2 and periodically crushes and discharge, realizes batch production.
Whirligig is runner, and pressing plate 4 upper end Eccentric-hinge is connected on the end face of runner.
Whirligig is runner, and pressing plate 4 Eccentric-hinge is connected on runner, is rotated and dynamic pressure plate 4 can be with to move, can bear larger torque compared with other revolving parts such as cranks by runner.
Also comprise the hollow pipe 32 be horizontally set on above hulling machine, blanking port is arranged on bottom hollow pipe 32, container 28 to be arranged on above hollow pipe 32 and with the inner space of hollow pipe 32, hollow pipe 32 one end is also provided with the push rod 26 inserting into the inner chamber at least partly, push rod 26 is also connected with the power set promoting its horizontal movement.
Nut in container 28 falls into hollow pipe 32 inner chamber, and push rod 26 is promoted nut and fallen by material-dropping hole 30 under the effect of power set.
Also comprise rotating cam 20, cam 20 remains linear contact lay with the contact arm 22 being arranged on push rod 26 one end.
Power set are rotating cam 20, and its cam 20 profile contacts with contact arm 22 retention wire on push rod 26 all the time, now, promotion push rod 26 moves reciprocatingly by cam 20, thus gap promotion nut falls into material-dropping hole 30, makes the broken shell all separately of each nut, improves crudy.
Flexible member 24 is connected with between the body of contact arm 22 and hollow pipe 32.
Contact arm 22 is connected by flexible member 24 with hollow pipe 32 body, can cross promotion contact arm 22 and reset, and contact arm 22 is still contacted with its retention wire when cam 20 forwards less side to.
Cam 20 is connected with drive 18 with one heart, and the external diameter of drive 18 is identical with the external diameter of runner, and drive 18 and runner are all connected on the drive means.
The external diameter of drive 18 is identical with the external diameter of runner, and all connect on the drive means, make runner top board 4 impulse stroke and the push rod promoted by cam 20 26 1 movement travel required times equal, being convenient to control nut falls into hulling machine opportunity from material-dropping hole 30, avoiding nut directly to fall from hulling machine without crushing.
Power set are driving wheel 16, and drive 18 is connected with driving wheel 16 by driving-chain or driving-belt respectively with runner.
Chain conveyer or V belt translation, structure is simple, stable drive
Fixed head comprises the fixing fixed block 15 in position and moveable movable block 10, is provided with gap between movable block 10 and fixed block 15, and regulates by up-down adjustment device and left and right adjusting device, and connecting rod 6 one end is hinged on movable block 10.
By regulating the gap between movable block 10 and fixed block 15, movable block 10 upper-lower position and right position can be regulated, and then regulate the distance of connecting rod 6 and side plate 2, thus change the beeline of pressing plate 4 and side plate 2, can ensure produce suitable pressure man-hour adding, pressing plate 4 and side plate 2 gap can be prevented again too small and cause nut without process directly fall from
Up-down adjustment device comprises connection fixing block 15 with movable block 10 and vertically disposed first bolt 8, left and right adjusting device comprises connection fixing block 15 with movable block 10 and horizontally disposed second bolt 14, first bolt 8 is equipped with the adjusting nut 12 that can coordinate with on the second bolt 14.
The adjustment to movable block about 10, right position can be realized by adjustment adjusting nut 12, simple to operate.
Side plate 2 is relative to a rough surface of pressing plate 4 and cross section is arranged to the arc of indent.
Side plate 2 is relative to a rough surface of described pressing plate 4 and cross section M is arranged to the arc of indent, can increase the compression area of nut, uniform force when making nut pressurized.
More than show and describe general principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; what describe in above-described embodiment and description just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.Application claims protection domain is by appending claims and equivalent circle thereof.

Claims (9)

1. be applied to a device for nut cracking, comprise hulling machine and pay-off, it is characterized in that:
Hulling machine, comprise and vertically arranging and the fixing side plate in side, described side plate opposite side gap is provided with pressing plate, described pressing plate upper end thereof by drive unit drive rotate whirligig on, the lower end of described pressing plate is hinged with connecting rod, and the other end of described connecting rod is hinged on the fixed head that is fixedly installed; Described whirligig is runner, and described pressing plate upper end Eccentric-hinge is connected on the end face of described runner;
Pay-off, at least comprises and is arranged on the blanking port above described side plate and pressing plate and the container for holding described nut.
2. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the hollow pipe be horizontally set on above described hulling machine, described blanking port is arranged on described hollow tube base, described container to be arranged on above described hollow pipe and with the inner space of described hollow pipe, described hollow pipe one end is also provided with the push rod inserting into the inner chamber at least partly, described push rod is also connected with the power set promoting its horizontal movement.
3. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 2, is characterized in that: described power set comprise rotating cam, and the profile of described cam remains linear contact lay with the contact arm being arranged on described push rod one end.
4. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 3, is characterized in that: be connected with flexible member between the body of described contact arm and described hollow pipe.
5. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described cam is connected with drive with one heart, the external diameter of described drive is identical with the external diameter of described runner, and described drive and runner are all connected on described drive unit.
6. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 5, is characterized in that: described power set are driving wheel, and described drive is connected with driving wheel by driving-chain or driving-belt respectively with runner.
7. according to a kind of device that be applied to nut cracking of claim 1-6 described in one of them, it is characterized in that: described fixed head comprises the fixing fixed block in position and moveable movable block, gap is provided with between described movable block and fixed block, and regulate by up-down adjustment device and left and right adjusting device, described connecting rod one end is hinged on described movable block.
8. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described up-down adjustment device comprises and connects described fixed block and movable block and vertically disposed first bolt, described left and right adjusting device comprises and connects described fixed block and movable block and horizontally disposed second bolt, and described first bolt is equipped with the adjusting nut that can coordinate with on the second bolt.
9. a kind of device being applied to nut cracking according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described side plate is relative to a rough surface of described pressing plate and cross section is arranged to the arc of indent.
CN201310055972.6A 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Nut cracking device Expired - Fee Related CN103110167B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310055972.6A CN103110167B (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Nut cracking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310055972.6A CN103110167B (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Nut cracking device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103110167A CN103110167A (en) 2013-05-22
CN103110167B true CN103110167B (en) 2015-04-15

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CN104509939B (en) * 2015-01-12 2017-01-18 高孝雪 Shell breaking structure on nut shell breaking machine
CN104522845B (en) * 2015-01-12 2016-11-30 冀洪策 A kind of baiting structure on nut cracker
CN105173685B (en) * 2015-06-10 2017-06-27 合肥京东方光电科技有限公司 A kind of position control apparatus and Minton dryer
CN104939278B (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-01-25 安吉万源聚机械科技有限公司 Intermittent reciprocating driving device for Chinese walnut shell breaking machine
CN105495634B (en) * 2016-02-20 2018-11-09 应瑶琪 A kind of continuous peeling apparatus
CN105690835A (en) * 2016-03-27 2016-06-22 谢森涛 Extrusion device for plastic bottles
CN105774014A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 申翰昭 Waste beverage bottle shock compression device with charge component
CN105904753A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-31 申翰昭 Improved shock compression device for waste beverage bottles
CN105774011A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 申翰昭 Shock compression device for waste beverage bottles
CN107821637B (en) * 2017-11-30 2020-07-28 重庆馋丫丫食品有限公司 Material distribution device for dried bean curd processing
CN108741118B (en) * 2018-06-27 2021-04-09 东台市食品机械厂有限公司 Clamp partition type ginkgo nut shelling device
CN112602939A (en) * 2020-12-18 2021-04-06 李双红 Continuous husking device for hazelnuts

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB141201A (en) * 1919-05-03 1920-04-15 Julius Oscar Drews Improvements in or relating to nut cracking machines
CN1046089A (en) * 1989-04-08 1990-10-17 邯郸棉花机械厂 Nut sheller
US6098530A (en) * 2000-01-31 2000-08-08 Hemry; Larry H. Mechanical nut cracker
CN200959810Y (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-10-17 江坚煜 Peeling machine for euryale ferox
CN101513269A (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-26 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Slab extrusion type walnut sheller
CN202750672U (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-02-27 昌宁笑果果食品有限公司 Nut-cracking machine
CN203262229U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-11-06 苏州农业职业技术学院 Device applied to hull breaking of nuts
CN103404944A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-27 昆山荣傲伟捷贸易有限公司 Cracking mechanism of pecan cracker

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB141201A (en) * 1919-05-03 1920-04-15 Julius Oscar Drews Improvements in or relating to nut cracking machines
CN1046089A (en) * 1989-04-08 1990-10-17 邯郸棉花机械厂 Nut sheller
US6098530A (en) * 2000-01-31 2000-08-08 Hemry; Larry H. Mechanical nut cracker
CN200959810Y (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-10-17 江坚煜 Peeling machine for euryale ferox
CN101513269A (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-26 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Slab extrusion type walnut sheller
CN202750672U (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-02-27 昌宁笑果果食品有限公司 Nut-cracking machine
CN203262229U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-11-06 苏州农业职业技术学院 Device applied to hull breaking of nuts
CN103404944A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-27 昆山荣傲伟捷贸易有限公司 Cracking mechanism of pecan cracker

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Granted publication date: 20150415

Termination date: 20160222