CN103110167A - Nut cracking device - Google Patents

Nut cracking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103110167A
CN103110167A CN2013100559726A CN201310055972A CN103110167A CN 103110167 A CN103110167 A CN 103110167A CN 2013100559726 A CN2013100559726 A CN 2013100559726A CN 201310055972 A CN201310055972 A CN 201310055972A CN 103110167 A CN103110167 A CN 103110167A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
nut
pressing plate
rod
pressure plate
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2013100559726A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103110167B (en
Inventor
时忠明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
Original Assignee
Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture filed Critical Suzhou Polytechnic Institute of Agriculture
Priority to CN201310055972.6A priority Critical patent/CN103110167B/en
Publication of CN103110167A publication Critical patent/CN103110167A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103110167B publication Critical patent/CN103110167B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses a nut cracking device which comprises a cracking device and a feeding device. The cracking device comprises a side plate arranged vertically, one side of the side plate is fixed, a pressure plate is arranged on the other side of the side plate in a clearance manner, the upper end of the pressure plate is hinged on a rotating device which is driven by a driving device to rotate, a connecting rod is hinged at the lower end of the pressure plate, the other end of the connecting rod is hinged on a fixed plate arranged fixedly, the feeding device comprises a charging opening and a container, the charging opening is arranged above the side plate and the pressure plate, and the container is used for accommodating nuts. A nut falls into space between the pressure plate and the side plate via the charging opening, and the rotating device rotates to drive the pressure plate to ascend and descend; when the pressure plate ascends, an included angle between the connecting rod and the pressure plate is enlarged, the pressure plate is pushed to approach the side plate, and accordingly a shell of the nut is crushed under pressure; when the pressure plate descends, the included angle between the connecting rod and the pressure plate is diminished, the pressure plate leaves the side plate, and sufficient clearance is formed, so that the nut with the crushed shell falls down; and the cycle continues, the pressure plate performs cyclic crushing and discharging relative to the side plate, and batch production is realized.

Description

A kind of device that is applied to nut cracking
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind ofly can carry out to nut the food processing apparatus of broken shell.
Background technology
Nut is the elite part of plant, and is generally all nutritious, contains protein, grease, mineral matter, vitamin higher, to human body grow, build up health, prevent disease has fabulous effect, thereby extensively liked.Yet nut all has shell usually, need to break shell and can taste inner seed or kernel, this shell is usually comparatively hard, thereby need to by means of device that can broken shell, bring very big inconvenience to the eater, reduced eater's consumption enthusiasm, be unfavorable for selling.
Summary of the invention
Purpose: the technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind ofly can carry out to nut the device of in batches broken shell.
Technical scheme: for addressing the above problem, the invention provides a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking, comprise hulling machine and pay-off, hulling machine, comprise the side plate that vertical setting and a side are fixing, described side plate opposite side gap is provided with pressing plate, described pressing plate upper end be hinged on by drive unit drives rotate whirligig on, the lower end of described pressing plate is hinged with connecting rod, and the other end of described connecting rod is hinged on the fixed head that is fixedly installed; Pay-off comprises the blanking port that is arranged on described side plate and pressing plate top and the container that is used for holding described nut at least.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described whirligig is runner, and described pressing plate upper end Eccentric-hinge is connected on the end face of described runner.
Also comprise the hollow pipe that is horizontally set on described hulling machine top, described blanking port is arranged on described hollow tube base, described container is arranged on described hollow pipe top and is communicated with the inner chamber of described hollow pipe, described hollow pipe one end also is provided with at least part of push rod that inserts into the inner the chamber, also is connected with the power set that promote its horizontal movement on described push rod.
As a further improvement on the present invention, also comprise rotating cam, described cam remains that with the contact arm that is arranged on described push rod one end line contacts.
As a further improvement on the present invention, be connected with flexible member between the body of described contact arm and described hollow pipe.
As a further improvement on the present invention, be connected with one heart drive on described cam, the external diameter of described drive is identical with the external diameter of described runner, and described drive and runner all are connected on described drive unit.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described power set are driving wheel, and described drive is connected respectively with driving wheel by driving-chain or driving-belt with runner.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described fixed head comprises fixed block that the position is fixing and movable block movably, be provided with the gap between described movable block and fixed block, and can regulate by up-down adjustment device and left and right adjusting device, described connecting rod one end is hinged on described movable block.
As a further improvement on the present invention, described up-down adjustment device comprises the described fixed block of connection and movable block and vertically disposed the first bolt, described left and right adjusting device comprises and connects described fixed block and movable block and horizontally disposed the second bolt, is equipped with the adjusting nut that can coordinate on described the first bolt and the second bolt.
As a further improvement on the present invention, the described side plate arc of being arranged to indent with respect to rough surface and the cross section of described pressing plate.
Beneficial effect:
(1) nut falls between pressing plate and side plate by blanking port, whirligig moves in a circle the uplink and downlink of band dynamic pressure plate, and when pressing plate was up, between connecting rod and pressing plate, angle became large, approach to side plate thereby promote pressing plate, thereby this moment, the nut shell pressurized was crushed; When pressing plate was descending, between connecting rod and pressing plate, angle diminished, and the pressing plate plate leaves side plate, form enough gaps, be convenient to be fallen by the nut of broken shell, so, along with the whirligig continuous rotation, pressing plate is done periodically with respect to side plate and is crushed and discharge, realizes batch production;
(2) whirligig is runner, and the pressing plate Eccentric-hinge is connected on runner, rotates by runner and can drive presser motion, can bear larger torque than other revolving parts such as cranks;
(3) nut in container falls into the hollow pipe inner chamber, and push rod promotes nut and falls by material-dropping hole under the effect of power set;
(4) power set are rotating cam, and its cam contour contacts with contact arm retention wire on push rod all the time, at this moment, cam will promote push rod and move reciprocatingly, thereby the gap promotes nut and falls into material-dropping hole, makes all broken shells separately of each nut, has improved crudy;
(5) contact arm is connected by flexible member with hollow body, can cross the promotion contact arm and reset, and makes contact arm still contact with its retention wire when cam forwards a less side to;
(6) external diameter of drive is identical with the external diameter of runner, and all be connected on drive unit, make movement travel required time of an impulse stroke and the push rod that promotes by cam of runner top board equate, be convenient to control nut and fall into opportunity of hulling machine from material-dropping hole, avoid nut directly to fall from hulling machine without crushing;
(7) chain transmission or band transmission, simple in structure, stable drive;
(8) by regulating the gap between movable block and fixed block, can regulate movable block upper-lower position and position, left and right, and then the distance of regulating connecting rod and side plate, thereby change the beeline of pressing plate and side plate, can guarantee can produce suitable pressure man-hour adding, can prevent again that pressing plate and side plate gap are too small and cause nut without processing directly fall from;
(9) can realize adjusting to movable block up and down, position, left and right by regulating adjusting nut, simple to operate;
(10) the side plate arc of being arranged to indent with respect to rough surface and the cross section of described pressing plate can increase the compression area of nut, when making the nut pressurized stressed evenly.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation that is applied to the device of nut cracking of the present invention;
Fig. 2 be in Fig. 1 A-A to view;
Wherein: 2-side plate, 4-pressing plate, 6-connecting rod, 8-the first bolt, 10-movable block, 12-adjusting nut, 14-the second bolt, 15-fixed block, 16-driving wheel, the 18-drive, 20-cam, 22-contact arm, the 24-flexible member, 26-push rod, 28-container, the 30-material-dropping hole, 32-hollow pipe, M-cross section.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further details.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the present invention includes hulling machine and pay-off, hulling machine comprises vertical setting and the fixing side plate 2 of a side, side plate 2 opposite side gaps are provided with pressing plate 4, pressing plate 4 upper ends be hinged on by drive unit drive the rotation whirligig on, the lower end of pressing plate 4 is hinged with connecting rod 6, the other end of connecting rod 6 is hinged on the fixed head that is fixedly installed, pay-off comprises being arranged on side plate 2 and the blanking port of pressing plate 4 tops and the container 28 that is used for holding nut at least.
Nut falls between pressing plate 4 and side plate 2 by blanking port, whirligig moves in a circle 4 uplink and downlink of band dynamic pressure plate, and when pressing plate 4 was up, 4 angles of connecting rod 6 and pressing plate became large, approach to side plate 2 thereby promote pressing plate 4 plates, thereby this moment, the nut shell pressurized was crushed; When pressing plate 4 was descending, 4 angles of connecting rod 6 and pressing plate diminished, and pressing plate 4 leaves side plate 2, form enough gaps, be convenient to be fallen by the nut of broken shell, so, along with the whirligig continuous rotation, pressing plate 4 is done periodically with respect to side plate 2 and is crushed and discharge, realizes batch production.
Whirligig is runner, and pressing plate 4 upper end Eccentric-hinges are connected on the end face of runner.
Whirligig is runner, and pressing plate 4 Eccentric-hinges are connected on runner, rotates by runner and can be with dynamic pressure plate 4 motions, can bear larger torque than other revolving parts such as cranks.
Also comprise the hollow pipe 32 that is horizontally set on the hulling machine top, blanking port is arranged on hollow pipe 32 bottoms, container 28 is arranged on hollow pipe 32 tops and is communicated with the inner chamber of hollow pipe 32, hollow pipe 32 1 ends also are provided with at least part of push rod 26 that inserts into the inner the chamber, also are connected with the power set that promote its horizontal movement on push rod 26.
Nut in container 28 falls into hollow pipe 32 inner chambers, and push rod 26 promotes nut and falls by material-dropping hole 30 under the effect of power set.
Also comprise rotating cam 20, cam 20 remains that with the contact arm 22 that is arranged on push rod 26 1 ends line contacts.
Power set are rotating cam 20, and its cam 20 profiles contact with contact arm 22 retention wires on push rod 26 all the time, at this moment, cam 20 will promote push rod 26 and move reciprocatingly, thereby the gap promotes nut and falls into material-dropping hole 30, makes all broken shells separately of each nut, has improved crudy.
Be connected with flexible member 24 between the body of contact arm 22 and hollow pipe 32.
Contact arm 22 is connected by flexible member 24 with hollow pipe 32 bodies, can cross promotion contact arm 22 and reset, and makes contact arm 22 still contact with its retention wire when cam 20 forwards a less side to.
Be connected with one heart drive 18 on cam 20, the external diameter of drive 18 is identical with the external diameter of runner, and drive 18 all is connected on drive unit with runner.
The external diameter of drive 18 is identical with the external diameter of runner, and all be connected on drive unit, make an impulse stroke of runner top board 4 equate with 26 1 the movement travel required times of push rod that promote by cam 20, be convenient to control nut and fall into opportunity of hulling machine from material-dropping hole 30, avoid nut without crushing directly to fall from hulling machine.
Power set are driving wheel 16, and drive 18 is connected respectively with driving wheel 16 by driving-chain or driving-belt with runner.
Chain transmission or band transmission, simple in structure, stable drive
Fixed head comprises fixed block 15 that the position is fixing and movable block 10 movably, and 15 of movable block 10 and fixed blocks are provided with the gap, and can be by up-down adjustment device and the adjusting of left and right adjusting device, and connecting rod 6 one ends are hinged on movable block 10.
By regulating the gap of 15 of movable block 10 and fixed blocks, can regulate movable block 10 upper-lower positions and position, left and right, and then the distance of regulating connecting rod 6 and side plate 2, thereby change the beeline of pressing plate 4 and side plate 2, can guarantee can produce suitable pressure man-hour adding, can prevent again that pressing plate 4 and side plate 2 gaps are too small and cause nut without processing directly fall from
The up-down adjustment device comprises connection fixing block 15 and movable block 10 and vertically disposed the first bolt 8, the left and right adjusting device comprises on connection fixing block 15 and movable block 10 and horizontally disposed the second bolt 14, the first bolts 8 and the second bolt 14 and is equipped with the adjusting nut 12 that can coordinate.
Adjusting nut 12 can be realized movable block Shang Xia 10 by regulating, the adjusting of position, left and right, and is simple to operate.
The arc that side plate 2 is arranged to indent with respect to rough surface and the cross section of pressing plate 4.
Side plate 2 can increase the compression area of nut with respect to the arc that rough surface and the cross section M of described pressing plate 4 is arranged to indent, when making the nut pressurized stressed evenly.
Above demonstration and described basic principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in above-described embodiment and specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is by appending claims and equivalent circle thereof.

Claims (10)

1. a device that is applied to nut cracking, comprise hulling machine and pay-off, it is characterized in that:
Hulling machine, comprise the side plate that vertical setting and a side are fixing, described side plate opposite side gap is provided with pressing plate, described pressing plate upper end be hinged on by drive unit drive the rotation whirligig on, the lower end of described pressing plate is hinged with connecting rod, and the other end of described connecting rod is hinged on the fixed head that is fixedly installed;
Pay-off comprises the blanking port that is arranged on described side plate and pressing plate top and the container that is used for holding described nut at least.
2. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described whirligig is runner, described pressing plate upper end Eccentric-hinge is connected on the end face of described runner.
3. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise the hollow pipe that is horizontally set on described hulling machine top, described blanking port is arranged on described hollow tube base, described container is arranged on described hollow pipe top and is communicated with the inner chamber of described hollow pipe, described hollow pipe one end also is provided with at least part of push rod that inserts into the inner the chamber, also is connected with the power set that promote its horizontal movement on described push rod.
4. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described power set comprise rotating cam, the profile of described cam remains that with the contact arm that is arranged on described push rod one end line contacts.
5. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 4, is characterized in that: be connected with flexible member between the body of described contact arm and described hollow pipe.
6. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described: be connected with one heart drive on described cam, the external diameter of described drive is identical with the external diameter of described runner, and described drive and runner all are connected on described drive unit.
7. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described power set are driving wheel, described drive is connected respectively with driving wheel by driving-chain or driving-belt with runner.
8. according to claim 1-7 one of them described a kind of device that are applied to nut cracking, it is characterized in that: described fixed head comprises fixed block that the position is fixing and movable block movably, be provided with the gap between described movable block and fixed block, and can regulate by up-down adjustment device and left and right adjusting device, described connecting rod one end is hinged on described movable block.
9. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described up-down adjustment device comprises the described fixed block of connection and movable block and vertically disposed the first bolt, described left and right adjusting device comprises and connects described fixed block and movable block and horizontally disposed the second bolt, is equipped with the adjusting nut that can coordinate on described the first bolt and the second bolt.
10. a kind of device that is applied to nut cracking according to claim 9 is characterized in that: the arc that described side plate is arranged to indent with respect to rough surface and the cross section of described pressing plate.
CN201310055972.6A 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Nut cracking device Expired - Fee Related CN103110167B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310055972.6A CN103110167B (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Nut cracking device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310055972.6A CN103110167B (en) 2013-02-22 2013-02-22 Nut cracking device

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103110167A true CN103110167A (en) 2013-05-22
CN103110167B CN103110167B (en) 2015-04-15

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104509939A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-04-15 黄黎靖 Shell breaking structure on nut shell breaking machine
CN104522845A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-04-22 黄黎靖 Discharging structure on nut hull breaking machine
CN104939278A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-30 安吉万源聚机械科技有限公司 Intermittent reciprocating driving device for Chinese walnut shell breaking machine
CN105173685A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-12-23 合肥京东方光电科技有限公司 Position control device and vacuum drying device
CN105495634A (en) * 2016-02-20 2016-04-20 周栋 Continuous shelling device
CN105690835A (en) * 2016-03-27 2016-06-22 谢森涛 Extrusion device for plastic bottles
CN105774014A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 申翰昭 Waste beverage bottle shock compression device with charge component
CN105774011A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 申翰昭 Shock compression device for waste beverage bottles
CN105904753A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-31 申翰昭 Improved shock compression device for waste beverage bottles
CN107821637A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-03-23 重庆馋丫丫食品有限公司 Feeding-distribution device for dried bean curd processing
CN108741118A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 东台市食品机械厂有限公司 A kind of clamping partition-type ginkgo nut removing device

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB141201A (en) * 1919-05-03 1920-04-15 Julius Oscar Drews Improvements in or relating to nut cracking machines
CN1046089A (en) * 1989-04-08 1990-10-17 邯郸棉花机械厂 Nut sheller
US6098530A (en) * 2000-01-31 2000-08-08 Hemry; Larry H. Mechanical nut cracker
CN200959810Y (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-10-17 江坚煜 Peeling machine for euryale ferox
CN101513269A (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-26 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Slab extrusion type walnut sheller
CN202750672U (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-02-27 昌宁笑果果食品有限公司 Nut-cracking machine
CN203262229U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-11-06 苏州农业职业技术学院 Device applied to hull breaking of nuts
CN103404944A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-27 昆山荣傲伟捷贸易有限公司 Cracking mechanism of pecan cracker

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB141201A (en) * 1919-05-03 1920-04-15 Julius Oscar Drews Improvements in or relating to nut cracking machines
CN1046089A (en) * 1989-04-08 1990-10-17 邯郸棉花机械厂 Nut sheller
US6098530A (en) * 2000-01-31 2000-08-08 Hemry; Larry H. Mechanical nut cracker
CN200959810Y (en) * 2006-10-24 2007-10-17 江坚煜 Peeling machine for euryale ferox
CN101513269A (en) * 2008-02-21 2009-08-26 新疆农业科学院农业机械化研究所 Slab extrusion type walnut sheller
CN202750672U (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-02-27 昌宁笑果果食品有限公司 Nut-cracking machine
CN203262229U (en) * 2013-02-22 2013-11-06 苏州农业职业技术学院 Device applied to hull breaking of nuts
CN103404944A (en) * 2013-07-26 2013-11-27 昆山荣傲伟捷贸易有限公司 Cracking mechanism of pecan cracker

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104509939A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-04-15 黄黎靖 Shell breaking structure on nut shell breaking machine
CN104522845A (en) * 2015-01-12 2015-04-22 黄黎靖 Discharging structure on nut hull breaking machine
CN105173685A (en) * 2015-06-10 2015-12-23 合肥京东方光电科技有限公司 Position control device and vacuum drying device
CN104939278A (en) * 2015-07-01 2015-09-30 安吉万源聚机械科技有限公司 Intermittent reciprocating driving device for Chinese walnut shell breaking machine
CN104939278B (en) * 2015-07-01 2017-01-25 安吉万源聚机械科技有限公司 Intermittent reciprocating driving device for Chinese walnut shell breaking machine
CN105495634A (en) * 2016-02-20 2016-04-20 周栋 Continuous shelling device
CN105690835A (en) * 2016-03-27 2016-06-22 谢森涛 Extrusion device for plastic bottles
CN105774014A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 申翰昭 Waste beverage bottle shock compression device with charge component
CN105904753A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-08-31 申翰昭 Improved shock compression device for waste beverage bottles
CN105774011A (en) * 2016-04-21 2016-07-20 申翰昭 Shock compression device for waste beverage bottles
CN107821637A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-03-23 重庆馋丫丫食品有限公司 Feeding-distribution device for dried bean curd processing
CN107821637B (en) * 2017-11-30 2020-07-28 重庆馋丫丫食品有限公司 Material distribution device for dried bean curd processing
CN108741118A (en) * 2018-06-27 2018-11-06 东台市食品机械厂有限公司 A kind of clamping partition-type ginkgo nut removing device

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