CN103010767B - Novel container handling system - Google Patents

Novel container handling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103010767B
CN103010767B CN201210537891.5A CN201210537891A CN103010767B CN 103010767 B CN103010767 B CN 103010767B CN 201210537891 A CN201210537891 A CN 201210537891A CN 103010767 B CN103010767 B CN 103010767B
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China
Prior art keywords
container
horizontal feed
fixed type
relay conveyor
vertical lifting
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CN201210537891.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103010767A (en
Inventor
王贡献
王名汉
曾令烈
陈杰
李勇智
袁建明
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武汉理工大学
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Priority to CN201210537891.5A priority Critical patent/CN103010767B/en
Publication of CN103010767A publication Critical patent/CN103010767A/en
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Publication of CN103010767B publication Critical patent/CN103010767B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a novel container handling system, which comprises a shoreside container handling machine, a track movable relay conveyor, a fixed vertical lifting mechanism, a fixed trestle bridge and a storage yard container handling machine. The shoreside container handling machine is positioned at wharf at the front edge; the fixed vertical lifting mechanism is fixed in a door frame of the shoreside container handling machine; the track movable relay conveyor is positioned between the fixed trestle bridge and the shoreside container handling machine; and the fixed trestle bridge is positioned between the operation region of the relay conveyor and the operation region of the storage yard container handling machine. By the system, the operation efficiency of middle-small size harbors wharves can be improved; the relay links during transportation adopts a continuous conveyor, so the container handling system can normally work under server natural conditions; the construction cost of ports is saved; the conversion from traditional container truck transportation by adopting fuel power to the operation means of continuous conveyor driven by power is realized; the energy consumption is reduced; and the environment is protected. The first-line operating people are reduced; the safety of the whole system is improved; and the system is suitable for handling the container of middle-small sized harbors wharves.

Description

A kind of novel container loading and unloading system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of port Container Handling Technology, particularly relate to the novel container loading and unloading system being applicable to Small Size of Inner River Ports port and pier.
Background technology
Containerzation transport becomes the Main Means of logistics transportation instantly gradually, and domestic harbour container transportation development is swift and violent, and container handling machinery and handling technology are also constantly updated, and proposes new demand for the economic performance of port and pier and environmental-protecting performance.Its form of container handling system that container hargour adopts both at home and abroad at present mainly contains: 1. crane in bridge type-container truck-transfer crane-container truck; 2. crane in bridge type-container fork lift-container truck; 3. span winch-container truck-transfer crane-container truck; 4. span winch-container fork lift-container truck.The first container handling system is now used for coastal harbor, handling efficiency is high, require also large to the requirement of loading and unloading capacity and course infrastructure, the cost investment brought is large, the unmanned automatic transportation equipment such as the AGV in recent years risen also just gradually Application and Development in the container automatic handling system of major port, relative to conventional container loading and unloading system, the utilization of AGV technology makes each entry/exit mouth of Harbour loading and discharging facilities, travel line, platform, the combinations such as setting, different functions is realized with different array modes according to different demands, the flexible connecting in handling process can be realized, for Small Size of Inner River Ports port and pier many employings latter two container handling system that loading and unloading capacity is little, though its handling efficiency is not as good as container crane system, require low to port infrastructure, overall cost of ownership is low.But the link playing relaying action in this several container handling system be container truck transport, employing be fuel power, the increase of environmental pollution and harbour operation cost; Secondly this container truck Transportation Model degree of automation is not high, and front needs to configure operating personnel, there is inevitable potential safety hazard; And AGV technology integrates light, mechanical, electrical high-tech, although be revolutionary in degree of automation, but its not only oneself requirement is with high content of technology, design and manufacture cost is high, and require high to relevant harbour auxiliary facility, need integrated planning, system and unified implementation, the harbour that therefore whole system construction cost is more traditional will significantly increase, current this technology of domestic and international application less.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of requirement that can meet handling efficiency in port operation, reduce port construction cost of investment, promote port operation safety factor, the novel container loading and unloading system being applicable to middle haven of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
The present invention realizes above-mentioned purpose technical scheme: comprise Quayside container loading-unload machine, orbit movable relay conveyor, fixed type vertical lifting mechanism, fixed type trestle and storage yard container loading-unload machine.Quayside container loading-unload machine is positioned at apron of dock, fixed type vertical lifting mechanism is fixed in Quayside container loading-unload machine door frame frame, orbit movable relay conveyor is between fixed type trestle and Quayside container loading-unload machine, fixed type trestle is Quayside container loading-unload machine between relay conveyor operating area and storage yard container loading-unload machine operating area: adopt container crane or multi purpose partal crane, carry out container handling operation to container truck.Orbit movable relay conveyor is used for transfering containers, completes freight container by the conveying of container truck to container depot.Comprise double-deck frame, traveling gear, vertical lifting mechanism, horizontal feed unit, freight container pallet and complex control system.Traveling gear is placed on the trapped orbit of ground, advances along track.Double-deck frame is fixed on traveling gear, is two-layerly up and down provided with horizontal feed unit.In horizontal feed unit, pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers structure, is made up of some powered rollers, and its conveying action is controlled by horizontal feed control unit, can carry out the conveying of horizontal direction.Freight container pallet is used for bearing container, relies on the powered rollers of conveyer to complete conveying.Vertical lifting mechanism is fixed on orbit movable relay conveyor near one end, fixed type trestle direction, containing independent liftable horizontal feed unit, the horizontal feed of freight container pallet can be completed, and carry out vertical lifting by lifting mechanism, realize the displacement of vertical direction.Complex control system comprises horizontal feed control unit, traveling gear control unit, vertical lifting mechanism controls unit.
Fixed type vertical lifting mechanism is fixed in Quayside container loading-unload machine door frame frame, comprises horizontal feed unit and lifting mechanism, and horizontal feed unit pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, and horizontal feed unit realizes vertical lifting by lifting mechanism.
Fixed type trestle is connected unit as storage yard container loading-unload machine with orbit movable relay conveyor, deposits relay conveyor and carries the freight container of coming, and waits for the subsequent job of storage yard container loading-unload machine.Containing horizontal feed unit, pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, can realize the horizontal feed of freight container and freight container pallet.The quantity of fixed type trestle is determined by system handling efficiency, its objective is the wait time reducing transporting container and stacking to greatest extent, improves whole system work efficiency.
Storage yard container loading-unload machine adopts gauntry crane or container fork lift, by the transporting container stacking on fixed type trestle in container depot.
The present invention can improve the operating efficiency of medium and small port and pier; improve the market competitiveness of harbour operation; the relaying link of its transport adopts continuous conveyor; normal operation can be carried out when natural conditions are severe; save port construction cost; achieve and be transported to by the container truck of traditional employing fuel power the transformation adopting power-actuated continuous conveyor mode of operation, reduce energy consumption, be conducive to environmental protection.Decrease a line operating personnel, reduce the risk causing the accident because of human element and lose, improve the safety performance of whole system.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structure front elevational schematic of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is structure schematic top plan view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is orbit movable relay conveyor structure front elevational schematic.
In figure: 1. container truck, 2. the first container crane, 3. the first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism, 4. orbit movable relay conveyor, 5. the second fixed type trestle, 6. rail-mounted gantry crane, 7. the first fixed type trestle, 8. freight container, 9. the 3rd fixed type trestle, 10. the 4th fixed type trestle, 11. freight container pallets, 12. traveling geaies, 13. vertical lifting mechanisms, 14. vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit, 15. relay conveyor horizontal feed unit, 16. frames, 17. second container cranes, 18. second fixed type vertical lifting mechanisms.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, the first container crane 2, second container crane 17, fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 18, first of orbit movable relay conveyor 4, first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3, second fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, the 4th fixed type trestle 10 and rail-mounted gantry crane 6 is comprised.First container crane 2, second container crane 17 is positioned at apron of dock, and the first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism of fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3, second 18 is individually fixed in the first container crane 2, second container crane 17 door frame frame.Orbit movable relay conveyor 4, the first fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, between the 4th fixed type trestle 10 and the first container crane 2, second container crane 17, first fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, the 4th fixed type trestle 10 are between orbit movable relay conveyor 4 operating area and storage yard container loading-unload machine operating area, and the order that keeps at a certain distance away arranges.
Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 comprises double-deck frame 16, traveling gear 12, vertical lifting mechanism 13, relay conveyor horizontal feed unit 15, freight container pallet 11 and complex control system.Double-deck frame 16 is fixed on traveling gear 12, is two-layerly up and down provided with relay conveyor horizontal feed unit 15.In relay conveyor horizontal feed unit 15, pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, and its conveying action is controlled by horizontal feed control unit.Freight container pallet 11, for bearing container 8, is carried by some horizontal feed unit 15.Vertical lifting mechanism 13 is fixed on orbit movable relay conveyor 4 near the first fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, the 4th one end, fixed type trestle 10 direction, containing independent liftable vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit 14, the horizontal feed of freight container pallet 11 can be completed, and carry out vertical lifting by lifting mechanism.Complex control system comprises horizontal feed control unit, traveling gear control unit, vertical lifting mechanism controls unit.Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 adopts driven by power, replaces the container truck fuel oil in conventional container transportation to drive, shortens the direct range of Container Transport, realize " oil changes electricity " difficult problem, reach effect of energy-conserving and environment-protective; The version of the great-leap-forward of continuative transport machinery own is to whole system place strong adaptability, low to the requirement of harbour place capital construction in early stage, greatly can reduce conventional container truck transport construction of port infrastructure cost.
First fixed type vertical lifting mechanism of fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3, second 18 is individually fixed in the door frame frame of the first container crane 2, second container crane 17.Include vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit 14 and lifting mechanism, vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit 14 pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, under lifting mechanism effect, vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit 14 can carry out vertical lifting, realizes the displacement of vertical direction.Vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit coordinates with the upper and lower two-layer relay conveyor horizontal feed unit 15 of orbit movable relay conveyor and carries out operation.In order to realize the displacement at vertical direction of freight container 8 and freight container pallet 11, and realize freight container 8 from the first container crane 2, second container crane 17 to the transfer of orbit movable relay conveyor 4.
First fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, the 4th fixed type trestle 10 are connected unit as rail-mounted gantry crane 6 and orbit movable relay conveyor 4, deposit orbit movable relay conveyor 4 and carry the freight container 8 of coming, the subsequent job of parking orbit formula gauntry crane 6.First fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, the 4th fixed type trestle 10 are containing horizontal feed unit, and pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, can realize the horizontal feed of freight container 8 and freight container pallet 11.The quantity of fixed type trestle is determined by system handling efficiency, its objective is the wait time reducing transporting container and stacking to greatest extent, improves whole system work efficiency.
Rail-mounted gantry crane 6, for the stacking of freight container, carries out carrying stacking in container depot by the freight container 8 on the first fixed type trestle 7, second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9, the 4th fixed type trestle 10.
Describe operation process of the present invention in detail for two berth container handlings below, in fact should come quantity and the position of each loading-unload machine of design arrangement according to concrete data such as the port capacity.Two container cranes, two fixed type vertical lifting mechanisms, an orbit movable relay conveyor, four fixed type trestles and rail-mounted gantry crane is adopted to carry out the explanation of container handling operation in this example.
A complete working cycle comprises two operation process, first operation process completes after preparation of unloading a ship from container truck 1 to port, freight container 8 unloads on the freight container pallet 11 in the first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3 to door frame by the first container crane 2, horizontal feed unit in first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3 drops to the height of orbit movable relay conveyor 4 bottom frame, while this process completes, orbit movable relay conveyor 4 moves to the first container crane 2 door frame place, complete with after the docking of the first stationary type vertical lifting mechanism 3, freight container 8 on freight container pallet 11 is delivered to orbit movable relay conveyor 4 by the horizontal feed unit of the first stationary type vertical lifting mechanism 3.After completing horizontal output freight container 8, the horizontal feed unit vertical-lifting in the first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3, to orbit movable relay conveyor 4 upper strata bracket height, receives the freight container pallet 11 exported from orbit movable relay conveyor 4 upper strata.After this process completes there is a freight container pallet 11 and wait for next first container crane 2 handling freight container that circulates in the first fixed type vertical lifting mechanism 3.
Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 is after the freight container 8 received on freight container pallet 11, move laterally, the freight container 8 simultaneously on freight container pallet 11 completes the horizontal feed from the first container crane 2 end to the second fixed type trestle 5 end under the effect of relay conveyor horizontal feed unit 15.Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 completes with after the docking of the second fixed type trestle 5, freight container 8 is delivered to place of vertical lifting mechanism 13, freight container 8 to the second fixed type trestle 5 on freight container pallet 11 is exported by relay conveyor horizontal feed unit 15, freight container 8 handling on second fixed type trestle 5 is completed stacking to stockyard by rail-mounted gantry crane 6, now the second fixed type trestle 5 exists a freight container pallet 11.So far, orbit movable relay conveyor 4 completes the transfer process of first freight container 8, and first operation process in a complete job circulation terminates.Second operation process starts, orbit movable relay conveyor 4 continues to move to the second container crane 17 door frame place, orbit movable relay conveyor 4 completes and the docking of the second vertical lifting mechanism 18 in the second container crane 17 door frame, accept from the freight container 8 the freight container pallet 11 of the second vertical lifting mechanism 18 output, horizontal feed unit lifting in second vertical lifting mechanism 18, to consistent with orbit movable relay conveyor 4 upper strata bracket height, accepts the freight container pallet 11 that orbit movable relay conveyor 4 exports.Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 moves to the 3rd fixed type trestle 9 after receiving the freight container 8 on freight container pallet 11, dock with the 3rd fixed type trestle 9 and complete the unloading of the freight container 8 on freight container pallet 11, the freight container 8 on the 3rd fixed type trestle 9 is transferred to stockyard and completes stacking by rail-mounted gantry crane 6.Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 continues to move to the second fixed type trestle 5 place, the freight container pallet 11 at the end of obtaining first operation process on the second fixed type trestle 5, and so far second operation process terminates.Rail mounted relay conveyor 4 prepares docking of next working cycle and the first container crane 2, and so far, a complete working cycle terminates.Orbit movable relay conveyor 4 respectively in the first container crane 2, second container crane 17 and the second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9 operation once.In whole working cycle, orbit movable relay conveyor 4 and the main operation back and forth between the second fixed type trestle 5, the 3rd fixed type trestle 9 of rail-mounted gantry crane 6, when rail-mounted gantry crane 6 operating efficiency is not high, transport the freight container 8 of coming from orbit movable relay conveyor 4 can temporarily leave in the first fixed type trestle 7 and the 4th fixed type trestle 10, reach the object of buffering.
According to system real time execution efficiency and port capacity actual conditions, carry out data analysis, according to analysis result, the operation of single case, two casees operations or the operation of many casees in each working cycle, can be adopted to reach desirable work efficiency.Freight container shipment flow process is contrary not describing in detail here with flow process of unloading a ship.

Claims (6)

1. a novel container loading and unloading system, is characterized in that: comprise Quayside container loading-unload machine, orbit movable relay conveyor (4), fixed type vertical lifting mechanism, fixed type trestle and storage yard container loading-unload machine; Quayside container loading-unload machine is positioned at apron of dock, fixed type vertical lifting mechanism is fixed in Quayside container loading-unload machine door frame frame, orbit movable relay conveyor (4) is between fixed type trestle and Quayside container loading-unload machine, fixed type trestle is positioned between orbit movable relay conveyor (4) operating area and storage yard container loading-unload machine operating area, the order that keeps at a certain distance away arrangement; Described orbit movable relay conveyor (4) comprises double-deck frame (16), traveling gear (12), vertical lifting mechanism (13), relay conveyor horizontal feed unit (15), freight container pallet (11) and complex control system; Double-deck frame (16) is fixed on traveling gear (12), is two-layerly up and down provided with relay conveyor horizontal feed unit (15); In relay conveyor horizontal feed unit (15), pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, and its conveying action is controlled by horizontal feed control unit; Freight container pallet (11), for bearing container (8), is carried by some horizontal feed unit; Vertical lifting mechanism (13) is fixed on orbit movable relay conveyor (4) near one end, fixed type trestle direction, containing independent liftable vertical lifting mechanism horizontal feed unit (14), the horizontal feed of freight container pallet (11) can be completed, and carry out vertical lifting by lifting mechanism; Complex control system comprises horizontal feed control unit, traveling gear control unit, vertical lifting mechanism controls unit; Orbit movable relay conveyor (4) adopts driven by power.
2. novel container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described fixed type vertical lifting mechanism is fixed in Quayside container loading-unload machine door frame frame, comprise horizontal feed unit and lifting mechanism, horizontal feed unit pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, and horizontal feed unit realizes vertical lifting by lifting mechanism.
3. novel container loading and unloading system according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: described fixed type trestle is connected unit as storage yard container loading-unload machine and orbit movable relay conveyor (4), containing horizontal feed unit, pumped (conveying) medium is powered rollers, can realize the horizontal feed of freight container (8) and freight container pallet (11).
4. novel container loading and unloading system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described Quayside container loading-unload machine is container crane.
5. novel container loading and unloading system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described Quayside container loading-unload machine is multi purpose partal crane.
6. novel container loading and unloading system according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: described storage yard container loading-unload machine is rail-mounted gantry crane.
CN201210537891.5A 2012-12-13 2012-12-13 Novel container handling system CN103010767B (en)

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CN103345672B (en) * 2013-07-05 2016-06-22 上海海事大学 The vehicle-mounted task control system of Container Yard
CN103523679B (en) * 2013-10-14 2015-08-05 华电重工股份有限公司 With the container handling system of bilayer trestle over strait
CN105110026B (en) * 2015-07-16 2018-01-23 武汉钢铁重工集团有限公司 Hundred meters of heavy-rail transportation devices and its application method
CN107042976A (en) * 2016-02-05 2017-08-15 富巨春股份有限公司 Container yard automation counter turnover and handling system
CN106115283B (en) * 2016-07-06 2019-04-19 武汉理工大学 A kind of automated container terminal handling method
EP3733573A1 (en) * 2017-12-27 2020-11-04 CRRC Yangtze Co., Ltd. Intermodal container highway and railway transfer system
CN108238296B (en) * 2018-01-07 2020-01-10 华东交通大学 A case packer for solid of revolution fruit
CN108861638B (en) * 2018-08-10 2021-01-26 三一海洋重工有限公司 Automatic dock loading and unloading system

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CN101920852A (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-22 张铁忠 Container automatic yard

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CN101920852A (en) * 2009-06-10 2010-12-22 张铁忠 Container automatic yard

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