CN103407900A - Efficient loading and unloading system and process for harbor containers - Google Patents

Efficient loading and unloading system and process for harbor containers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103407900A
CN103407900A CN2013103242900A CN201310324290A CN103407900A CN 103407900 A CN103407900 A CN 103407900A CN 2013103242900 A CN2013103242900 A CN 2013103242900A CN 201310324290 A CN201310324290 A CN 201310324290A CN 103407900 A CN103407900 A CN 103407900A
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bridge
walking
harbour
dolly
container
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CN2013103242900A
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CN103407900B (en
Inventor
赵迎九
郭树旺
秦春雷
郑雪峰
刘涛
皮岩峰
杜蔚琼
黄福安
李庆建
王小合
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Huadian Lanke Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Huadian Heavy Industries Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201310324290.0A priority Critical patent/CN103407900B/en
Publication of CN103407900A publication Critical patent/CN103407900A/en
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Publication of CN103407900B publication Critical patent/CN103407900B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an efficient loading and unloading system and process for harbor containers. The system comprises a double-layered quay crane (1) with an elevator, a ferry crane (2) and a steel structure gantry crane (3), wherein the ferry crane (2) is connected with the steel structure gantry crane (3); the tail part of the double-layered quay crane (1) is positioned above the ferry crane (2). According to the system and the process, as the technological process that the double-layered quay crane is used for hoisting and conveying the containers, the ferry bridge is used for conveying the containers, and the steel structure gantry crane is used for stacking the containers is adopted, the system and the process have the advantages of greatly improving the loading and unloading efficiency and being efficient and safe, and meets increasing requirements of people.

Description

The efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique
Technical field
The present invention relates to the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique, belong to engineering machinery field.
Background technology
Along with the continuous increase of freighter, China's container port throughput constantly increases, and traditional container handling technology and handling equipment can not meet people's demand gradually.
The container handling operation program be widely used at present (take and unload a ship as example): lifting trolley with suspender from ship grab that case hoists, horizontal motion, decline, give the truck that wait on the ship limit, then suspender hoists, horizontal motion, decline, captures next case, in this simultaneously, truck by container transshipment to stockyard, mechanical stacking apparatus is put into stockyard (inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship) by freight container subsequently, and whole flow path efficiency is lower.
For raising efficiency, once someone had researched and developed double-box hanger, that is: use a suspender to capture simultaneously 2 freight containers, so just the handling efficiency of freight container is doubled, although handling efficiency has been compared obvious lifting with traditional handicraft, but still can't meet real user demand, still need to research and develop a kind of more efficient safer container handling system and technique.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container and technique are provided, it can significantly improve the handling efficiency of freight container, has advantages of efficiently and safe, can meet the growing demand of people.
Technical scheme of the present invention: the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprise the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder, ferry bridge and steel structure field bridge, ferry-boat bridge and the bridging of steel structure field connect, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the double-deck bank bridge of described live ladder comprises the gantry type supporting leg, upper strata walking crossbeam, upper strata walking track, lower floor's walking crossbeam, lower floor's walking track, cage lifter A, cage lifter B and bank bridge lifting dolly, upper strata walking crossbeam and lower floor's walking crossbeam all are fixedly mounted on the gantry type supporting leg, lower floor's walking crossbeam is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam, upper strata walking track is located on upper strata walking crossbeam, lower floor's walking track is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam, cage lifter A and cage lifter B are separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam and lower floor's walking crossbeam.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described cage lifter A comprises the cage lifter support body, lift winch, car, joining rails and cage guide, the bottom of cage lifter support body and lower floor walking crossbeam is fixedly connected with, the middle part of cage lifter support body is fixedly connected with upper strata walking crossbeam, in the cage lifter support body, be provided with the cage guide arranged on four vertical directions, car is provided with the spacing guide wheel group matched with cage guide, the bottom surface of car is provided with joining rails, lift winch is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body, steel cord ends on lift winch is fixed on the end face of car, the structure of the structure of described cage lifter B and cage lifter A is identical.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the both sides of described upper strata walking crossbeam are respectively equipped with floor stringer, between upper strata walking crossbeam and floor stringer, be connected by horizontal gusseted beam, floor stringer is walked and by oblique gusseted beam, is connected between crossbeam with lower floor, and upper strata walking crossbeam is walked and by the vertical supporting reinforcement, is connected between crossbeam with lower floor.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the spacing between upper strata walking crossbeam and lower floor's walking crossbeam is 8m~13m; The distance of lower floor's walking crossbeam and the water surface is 35m~45m.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described ferry-boat bridge comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame, front end horizontal shifting dolly and rear end horizontal shifting dolly, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame is provided with cross traveling trolley walking track A and the cross traveling trolley walking track B arranged along the bank direction, it is upper that front end horizontal shifting dolly is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly is positioned at the below of afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly is provided with transport carriage.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, described steel structure field bridge comprises the short rail of steel structure support body, transport carriage walking, a bridge lifting dolly and the freight container zone of clearing out a harbour, the top of steel structure support body is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track, field bridge lifting dolly is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track, the end that the short rail of transport carriage walking is arranged on the steel structure support body and the bridging of ferrying connects, the transport carriage short rail of walking and rear end horizontal shifting dolly are arranged in same plane, and the short rail of transport carriage walking is positioned at a below of bridge lifting carriage walking track; The freight container middle part of region division at the steel structure support body of clearing out a harbour; The below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track is the container stacking zone.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the described freight container zone of clearing out a harbour is provided with collection lifting dolly and the collection lifting carriage walking track of clearing out a harbour of clearing out a harbour, the collection lifting carriage walking track of clearing out a harbour is fixed on the steel structure support body, and the collection lifting dolly of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track.
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the double-deck bank bridge of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg, upper strata walking track, lower floor's walking track, cage lifter A, cage lifter B and bank bridge lifting dolly, the gantry type supporting leg is provided with two solid web girders that are symmetrically arranged, the inboard of two solid web girders is equipped with upper strata walking track and lower floor's walking track, upper strata walking track is located at the top of lower floor's walking track, and cage lifter A and cage lifter B are separately positioned on the two ends of two solid web girders
In the efficient loading and unloading system of aforesaid this harbour container, the inside of two solid web girders is equipped with the deep floor of constant spacing, is used for guaranteeing the rigidity of solid web girder.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, take and unload a ship as example, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, double-deck bank bridge lifting the transfer container of live ladder, bank bridge lifting dolly promotes freight container on one side after capturing the freight container on ship, the direction running of one side along lower floor's walking track to the ferry-boat bridge, when travelling the top of the front end horizontal shifting dolly to the ferry-boat bridge, bank bridge lifting dolly stops, and freight container is unloaded to the transport carriage be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly is sent to upper strata walking track by cage lifter A, and the direction running along upper strata walking track towards cage lifter B, and send back on lower floor's walking track by cage lifter B, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage on the ferry-boat bridge is received freight container, finally drive to rear parking the on the short rail of transport carriage walking on the bridge of steel structure field along front end horizontal shifting dolly and rear end horizontal shifting dolly;
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, bridge lifting dolly will be parked in freight container on the transport carriage on the short rail of transport carriage walking sling after, an edge bridge lifting carriage walking track is by Container Transport to specifying the container stacking zone, and the unloaded former road of transport carriage is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly;
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
In the efficient handling technology of aforesaid this harbour container, in described step 1, the bank bridge lifting dolly on the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder is at least 2.
In the efficient handling technology of aforesaid this harbour container, in described step 2, front end horizontal shifting dolly on the ferry-boat bridge matches with the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder, be responsible for receiving the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly is responsible for transport carriage is delivered to different steel structure field bridges, realizes that transport carriage enters different steel structure field bridges.
In the efficient handling technology of aforesaid this harbour container, in described step 3, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lifting dolly targeted containers is transported to the freight container zone of clearing out a harbour from the container stacking zone, the collection lifting dolly of clearing out a harbour is cleared out a harbour lifting carriage walking orbital motion to capturing freight container behind the top of targeted containers and by its lifting along collection, along collection, clear out a harbour and lift by crane the top of carriage walking orbital motion to truck or train again, targeted containers is unloaded.
Compared with prior art, the present invention is by arranging the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder, can realize the work of many bank bridge lifting dolly cycle alternations, adopt this structure will improve at least more than 2 times than the handling efficiency of traditional bank bridge, adopt steel structure field bridge to replace traditional truck transhipment, improved greatly the stacking efficiency of freight container, and, owing to having cancelled truck, without manual operation, realized full automatic control, reduce accident rate, improved stacking efficiency and the transportation safety of freight container.For the other side's speed that makes steel structure field bridge can be consistent with the handling speed of bank bridge, the present invention also is provided with the ferry-boat bridge of independent research, realized a pair of three version, i.e. corresponding three field bridges of bank bridge, the cost of investment of bank bridge can either be saved, the handling efficiency of freight container can also be guaranteed.
The accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is integral structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the double-deck bank bridge of live ladder;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cage lifter A;
Fig. 4 is that the B-B of Fig. 1 is to cutaway view;
Fig. 5 is that the A-A of Fig. 1 is to cutaway view;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of ferry-boat bridge;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of steel structure field bridge;
Fig. 8 is the freight container regional structural representation of clearing out a harbour;
Fig. 9 is the birds-eye view of cage lifter A.
Being labeled as in accompanying drawing: the double-deck bank bridge of 1-live ladder, the 2-bridge of ferrying, 3-steel structure field bridge, 4-upper strata walking crossbeam, 5-upper strata walking track, 6-lower floor walking crossbeam, 7-lower floor walking track, 8-cage lifter A, 9-cage lifter B, 10-gantry type supporting leg, 11-cage lifter support body, the 12-lift winch, the 13-car, the 14-joining rails, the 15-cage guide, the spacing guide wheel group of 16-, the 17-floor stringer, the horizontal gusseted beam of 18-, the oblique gusseted beam of 19-, 20-ferry-boat bridge bracing frame, 21-front end horizontal shifting dolly, 22-rear end horizontal shifting dolly, 23-cross traveling trolley walking track A, 24-cross traveling trolley walking track B, 25-steel structure support body, the 26-transport carriage, the short rail of 27-transport carriage walking, 28-field bridge lifting dolly, the 29-freight container zone of clearing out a harbour, 30-field bridge lifting carriage walking track, 31-container stacking zone, the 32-collection lifting dolly of clearing out a harbour, the 33-collection is cleared out a harbour and is lifted by crane the carriage walking track, 34-bank bridge lifting dolly, 35-vertical supporting reinforcement.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, but not as any limitation of the invention.
Embodiments of the invention 1, as shown in Figure 1, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprise the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg 10, upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, lower floor's walking track 7, cage lifter A8, cage lifter B9 and bank bridge lifting dolly 34, upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 all are fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg 10, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5 is located on upper strata walking crossbeam 4, lower floor's walking track 7 is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, cage lifter A8 and cage lifter B9 are separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 9, cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, the bottom of cage lifter support body 11 and lower floor walking crossbeam 6 is fixedly connected with, the middle part of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with upper strata walking crossbeam 4, in cage lifter support body 11, be provided with the cage guide 15 arranged on four vertical directions, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of the structure of described cage lifter B9 and cage lifter A8 is identical.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the both sides of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 are respectively equipped with floor stringer 17, by horizontal gusseted beam 18, are connected between upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and floor stringer 17, and floor stringer 17 is walked and by oblique gusseted beam 19, is connected between crossbeam 6 with lower floor.Spacing between upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 8m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 35m with the distance of the water surface, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is walked and by vertical supporting reinforcement 35, is connected between crossbeam 6 with lower floor.
As shown in Figure 6, described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and the cross traveling trolley walking track B24 arranged along the bank direction, it is upper that front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
As shown in Figure 7, steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking, field bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container clear out a harbour regional 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged on the end that steel structure support body 25 is connected with ferry-boat bridge 2, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is positioned at a below of bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the freight container middle part that zone 29 is arranged on steel structure support body 25 of clearing out a harbour, the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking zone 31.
As shown in Figure 8, the freight container zone 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with collection lifting dolly 32 and the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour of clearing out a harbour, the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, take and unload a ship as example, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, double-deck bank bridge lifting the transfer container of live ladder, after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, promote freight container on one side, the direction running of one side along lower floor's walking track 7 to ferry-boat bridge 2, when travelling the top of the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 to ferry-boat bridge 2, bank bridge lifting dolly 34 stops, and freight container is unloaded to the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and the direction running along upper strata walking track 5 towards cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 is received freight container, finally drive to rear parking the on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking on steel structure field bridge 3 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, is responsible for receiving the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, and front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 is delivered to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes that transport carriage 26 enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, bridge lifting dolly 28 will be parked in freight container on the transport carriage 26 on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking sling after, an edge bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is by Container Transport to specifying container stacking zone 31, and unloaded transport carriage 26Yuan road is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lifting dolly 28 targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking zone 31 and clear out a harbour regional 29, the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour moves to behind the top of targeted containers and captures freight container and by its lifting along the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour, along collection, clear out a harbour and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train again, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
Embodiments of the invention 2, as shown in Figure 1, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprise the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg 10, upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, lower floor's walking track 7, cage lifter A8, cage lifter B9 and bank bridge lifting dolly 34, upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 all are fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg 10, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5 is located on upper strata walking crossbeam 4, lower floor's walking track 7 is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, cage lifter A8 and cage lifter B9 are separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 9, cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, the bottom of cage lifter support body 11 and lower floor walking crossbeam 6 is fixedly connected with, the middle part of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with upper strata walking crossbeam 4, in cage lifter support body 11, be provided with the cage guide 15 arranged on four vertical directions, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of the structure of described cage lifter B9 and cage lifter A8 is identical.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the both sides of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 are respectively equipped with floor stringer 17, by horizontal gusseted beam 18, are connected between upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and floor stringer 17, and floor stringer 17 is walked and by oblique gusseted beam 19, is connected between crossbeam 6 with lower floor.Spacing between upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 11m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 41m with the distance of the water surface, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is walked and by vertical supporting reinforcement 35, is connected between crossbeam 6 with lower floor.
As shown in Figure 6, described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and the cross traveling trolley walking track B24 arranged along the bank direction, it is upper that front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
As shown in Figure 7, steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking, field bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container clear out a harbour regional 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged on the end that steel structure support body 25 is connected with ferry-boat bridge 2, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is positioned at a below of bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the freight container middle part that zone 29 is arranged on steel structure support body 25 of clearing out a harbour, the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking zone 31.
As shown in Figure 8, the freight container zone 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with collection lifting dolly 32 and the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour of clearing out a harbour, the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, take and unload a ship as example, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, double-deck bank bridge lifting the transfer container of live ladder, after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, promote freight container on one side, the direction running of one side along lower floor's walking track 7 to ferry-boat bridge 2, when travelling the top of the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 to ferry-boat bridge 2, bank bridge lifting dolly 34 stops, and freight container is unloaded to the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and the direction running along upper strata walking track 5 towards cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 is received freight container, finally drive to rear parking the on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking on steel structure field bridge 3 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, is responsible for receiving the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, and front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 is delivered to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes that transport carriage 26 enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, bridge lifting dolly 28 will be parked in freight container on the transport carriage 26 on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking sling after, an edge bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is by Container Transport to specifying container stacking zone 31, and unloaded transport carriage 26Yuan road is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lifting dolly 28 targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking zone 31 and clear out a harbour regional 29, the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour moves to behind the top of targeted containers and captures freight container and by its lifting along the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour, along collection, clear out a harbour and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train again, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
Embodiments of the invention 3, as shown in Figure 1, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprise the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg 10, upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, lower floor's walking track 7, cage lifter A8, cage lifter B9 and bank bridge lifting dolly 34, upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 all are fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg 10, lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam 4, upper strata walking track 5 is located on upper strata walking crossbeam 4, lower floor's walking track 7 is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam 6, cage lifter A8 and cage lifter B9 are separately positioned on the two ends of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 9, cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, the bottom of cage lifter support body 11 and lower floor walking crossbeam 6 is fixedly connected with, the middle part of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with upper strata walking crossbeam 4, in cage lifter support body 11, be provided with the cage guide 15 arranged on four vertical directions, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of the structure of described cage lifter B9 and cage lifter A8 is identical.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, the both sides of upper strata walking crossbeam 4 are respectively equipped with floor stringer 17, by horizontal gusseted beam 18, are connected between upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and floor stringer 17, and floor stringer 17 is walked and by oblique gusseted beam 19, is connected between crossbeam 6 with lower floor.Spacing between upper strata walking crossbeam 4 and lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 13m; Lower floor's walking crossbeam 6 is 45m with the distance of the water surface, and upper strata walking crossbeam 4 is walked and by vertical supporting reinforcement 35, is connected between crossbeam 6 with lower floor.
As shown in Figure 6, described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and the cross traveling trolley walking track B24 arranged along the bank direction, it is upper that front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
As shown in Figure 7, steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking, field bridge lifting dolly 28 and freight container clear out a harbour regional 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged on the end that steel structure support body 25 is connected with ferry-boat bridge 2, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is positioned at a below of bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the freight container middle part that zone 29 is arranged on steel structure support body 25 of clearing out a harbour, the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking zone 31.
As shown in Figure 8, the freight container zone 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with collection lifting dolly 32 and the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour of clearing out a harbour, the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, take and unload a ship as example, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, double-deck bank bridge lifting the transfer container of live ladder, after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, promote freight container on one side, the direction running of one side along lower floor's walking track 7 to ferry-boat bridge 2, when travelling the top of the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 to ferry-boat bridge 2, bank bridge lifting dolly 34 stops, and freight container is unloaded to the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and the direction running along upper strata walking track 5 towards cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 is received freight container, finally drive to rear parking the on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking on steel structure field bridge 3 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, is responsible for receiving the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, and front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 is delivered to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes that transport carriage 26 enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, bridge lifting dolly 28 will be parked in freight container on the transport carriage 26 on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking sling after, an edge bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is by Container Transport to specifying container stacking zone 31, and unloaded transport carriage 26Yuan road is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lifting dolly 28 targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking zone 31 and clear out a harbour regional 29, the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour moves to behind the top of targeted containers and captures freight container and by its lifting along the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour, along collection, clear out a harbour and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train again, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
Embodiments of the invention 4, the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container, comprise the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, ferry bridge 2 and steel structure field bridge 3, and ferry-boat bridge 2 is connected with steel structure field bridge 3, and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge 2.
The double-deck bank bridge of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg, upper strata walking track, lower floor's walking track, cage lifter A, cage lifter B and bank bridge lifting dolly, the gantry type supporting leg is provided with two solid web girders that are symmetrically arranged, the inboard of two solid web girders is equipped with upper strata walking track and lower floor's walking track, upper strata walking track is located at the top of lower floor's walking track, and cage lifter A and cage lifter B are separately positioned on the two ends of two solid web girders.The inside of two solid web girders is equipped with the deep floor of constant spacing, is used for guaranteeing the rigidity of solid web girder.
Cage lifter A8 comprises cage lifter support body 11, lift winch 12, car 13, joining rails 14 and cage guide 15, the bottom of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with the bottom of solid web girder, the middle part of cage lifter support body 11 is fixedly connected with the top of solid web girder, in cage lifter support body 11, be provided with the cage guide 15 arranged on four vertical directions, car 13 is provided with the spacing guide wheel group 16 matched with cage guide 15, the bottom surface of car 13 is provided with joining rails 14, lift winch 12 is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body 11, steel cord ends on lift winch 12 is fixed on the end face of car 13, the structure of the structure of described cage lifter B9 and cage lifter A8 is identical.
Described ferry-boat bridge 2 comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20, front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, ferry-boat bridge bracing frame 20 is provided with cross traveling trolley walking track A23 and the cross traveling trolley walking track B24 arranged along the bank direction, it is upper that front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A23, and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B24; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is positioned at the below of afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 is provided with transport carriage 26.
Steel structure field bridge 3 comprises steel structure support body 25, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking, a bridge lifts by crane dolly 28 and freight container clears out a harbour regional 29, the top of steel structure support body 25 is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, field bridge lifting dolly 28 is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track 30, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged on the end that steel structure support body 25 is connected with ferry-boat bridge 2, the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22, and the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking is positioned at a below of bridge lifting carriage walking track 30; The freight container middle part that zone 29 is arranged on steel structure support body 25 of clearing out a harbour; The below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is container stacking zone 31.
The freight container zone 29 of clearing out a harbour is provided with collection lifting dolly 32 and the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour of clearing out a harbour, and the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour is fixed on steel structure support body 25, and the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track 33.
The efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container, take and unload a ship as example, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, double-deck bank bridge lifting the transfer container of live ladder, after the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 captures on ship, promote freight container on one side, the direction running of one side along lower floor's walking track 7 to ferry-boat bridge 2, when travelling the top of the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 to ferry-boat bridge 2, bank bridge lifting dolly 34 stops, and freight container is unloaded to the transport carriage 26 be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21, unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly 34 is sent to upper strata walking track 5 by cage lifter A8, and the direction running along upper strata walking track 5 towards cage lifter B9, and send back on lower floor's walking track 7 by cage lifter B9, prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
In this step, the bank bridge lifting dolly 34 on the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder is at least 2.
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after the transport carriage 26 on ferry-boat bridge 2 is received freight container, finally drive to rear parking the on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking on steel structure field bridge 3 along front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 and rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22;
In this step, the front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 on ferry-boat bridge 2 matches with the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder, is responsible for receiving the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly 34 ships, and front end horizontal shifting dolly 21 moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge 1 of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly 22 is responsible for transport carriage 26 is delivered to different steel structure field bridges 3, realizes that transport carriage 26 enters different steel structure field bridges 3.
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, bridge lifting dolly 28 will be parked in freight container on the transport carriage 26 on the short rail 27 of transport carriage walking sling after, an edge bridge lifting carriage walking track 30 is by Container Transport to specifying container stacking zone 31, and unloaded transport carriage 26Yuan road is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly 21;
In this step, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lifting dolly 28 targeted containers is transported to freight container from container stacking zone 31 and clear out a harbour regional 29, the collection lifting dolly 32 of clearing out a harbour moves to behind the top of targeted containers and captures freight container and by its lifting along the collection lifting carriage walking track 33 of clearing out a harbour, along collection, clear out a harbour and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track 33 moves to truck or train again, targeted containers is unloaded.
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.

Claims (12)

1. efficient loading and unloading system of harbour container, it is characterized in that: the double-deck bank bridge (1), ferry-boat bridge (2) and the steel structure field bridge (3) that comprise live ladder, ferry-boat bridge (2) is connected with steel structure field bridge (3), and the afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder is positioned at the top of ferry-boat bridge (2).
2. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the double-deck bank bridge (1) of described live ladder comprises gantry type supporting leg (10), upper strata walking crossbeam (4), upper strata walking track (5), lower floor's walking crossbeam (6), lower floor's walking track (7), cage lifter A(8), cage lifter B(9) and bank bridge lifting dolly (34), upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor's walking crossbeam (6) all are fixedly mounted on gantry type supporting leg (10), lower floor's walking crossbeam (6) is arranged at the below of upper strata walking crossbeam (4), upper strata walking track (5) is located on upper strata walking crossbeam (4), lower floor's walking track (7) is located on lower floor's walking crossbeam (6), cage lifter A(8) and cage lifter B(9) be separately positioned on the walk two ends of crossbeam (6) of upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and lower floor.
3. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: described cage lifter A(8) comprise cage lifter support body (11), lift winch (12), car (13), joining rails (14) and cage guide (15), the bottom of cage lifter support body (11) is fixedly connected with lower floor's walking crossbeam (6), the middle part of cage lifter support body (11) is fixedly connected with upper strata walking crossbeam (4), in cage lifter support body (11), be provided with the cage guide (15) arranged on four vertical directions, car (13) is provided with the spacing guide wheel group (16) matched with cage guide (15), the bottom surface of car (13) is provided with joining rails (14), lift winch (12) is arranged on the top of cage lifter support body (11), steel cord ends on lift winch (12) is fixed on the end face of car (13), described cage lifter B(9) structure and cage lifter A(8) structure identical.
4. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: the both sides of described upper strata walking crossbeam (4) are respectively equipped with floor stringer (17), between upper strata walking crossbeam (4) and floor stringer (17), be connected by horizontal gusseted beam (18), floor stringer (17) is walked and by oblique gusseted beam (19), is connected between crossbeam (6) with lower floor, and upper strata walking crossbeam (4) is walked and by vertical supporting reinforcement (35), is connected between crossbeam (6) with lower floor.
5. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 4 is characterized in that: walking crossbeam (4) in upper strata is 8m~13m with the spacing that lower floor walks between crossbeam (6); Lower floor's walking crossbeam (6) is 35m~45m with the distance of the water surface.
6. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ferry-boat bridge (2) comprises ferry-boat bridge bracing frame (20), front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) and rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22), ferry-boat bridge bracing frame (20) is provided with the cross traveling trolley walking track A(23 arranged along the bank direction) and cross traveling trolley walking track B(24), front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track A(23) upper, rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22) is arranged on cross traveling trolley walking track B(24) on; Wherein front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is positioned at the below of afterbody of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder; Front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) is provided with transport carriage (26).
7. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 6, it is characterized in that: described steel structure field bridge (3) comprises steel structure support body (25), transport carriage walking short rail (27), bridge lifting dolly (28) and the freight container zone (29) of clearing out a harbour, the top of steel structure support body (25) is provided with a bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), field bridge lifting dolly (28) is located on a bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), the transport carriage short rail of walking (27) is arranged on the end that steel structure support body (25) is connected with ferry-boat bridge (2), the transport carriage short rail of walking (27) is arranged in same plane with rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22), and the transport carriage short rail of walking (27) is positioned at a below of bridge lifting carriage walking track (30), the freight container zone (29) of clearing out a harbour is arranged on the middle part of steel structure support body (25), the below of field bridge lifting carriage walking track (30) is container stacking zone (31).
8. the efficient loading and unloading system of a kind of harbour container according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the described freight container zone (29) of clearing out a harbour is provided with clear out a harbour lifting dolly (32) and collection of collection and clears out a harbour and lift by crane carriage walking track (33), collection is cleared out a harbour, and to be fixed on steel structure support body (25) upper for lifting carriage walking track (33), and the collection lifting dolly (32) of clearing out a harbour is arranged on collection and clears out a harbour on lifting carriage walking track (33).
9. the efficient handling technology of harbour container, is characterized in that, take and unload a ship as example, comprises the following steps:
Step 1, double-deck bank bridge lifting the transfer container of live ladder, bank bridge lifting dolly (34) promotes freight container on one side after capturing the freight container on ship, on one side along the direction running of lower floor's walking track (7) to ferry-boat bridge (2), when travelling the top of the front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) to ferry-boat bridge (2), bank bridge lifting dolly (34) stops, and freight container is unloaded to the transport carriage (26) be parked on front end horizontal shifting dolly (21), unloaded bank bridge lifting dolly (34) is by cage lifter A(8) be sent to the upper strata track (5) of walking, and along upper strata walking track (5) towards cage lifter B(9) direction running, and by cage lifter B(9) send back on lower floor's walking track (7), prepare next freight container of lifting, now complete a cyclic process,
Step 2, ferry-boat bridge transfer container, after transport carriage (26) on ferry-boat bridge (2) is received freight container, finally drive to upper rear parking of the transport carriage short rail of walking (27) on steel structure field bridge (3) along front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) and rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22);
Step 3, steel structure field bridge stacking container, bridge lifting dolly (28) will be parked in freight container on the transport carriage (26) on the transport carriage short rail of walking (27) sling after, an edge bridge lifting carriage walking track (30) is by Container Transport to specifying container stacking zone (31), and the unloaded former road of transport carriage (26) is back on front end horizontal shifting dolly (21);
The inverse process of shipment for unloading a ship.
10. the efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container according to claim 9 is characterized in that: in described step 1, the bank bridge lifting dolly (34) on the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder is at least 2.
11. according to the efficient handling technology of the described a kind of harbour container of claim 9 or 10, it is characterized in that: in described step 2, front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) on ferry-boat bridge (2) matches with the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder, be responsible for receiving the freight container that bank bridge lifting dolly (34) ships, front end horizontal shifting dolly (21) moves along with the movement of the double-deck bank bridge (1) of live ladder; Rear end horizontal shifting dolly (22) is responsible for transport carriage (26) is delivered to different steel structure field bridges (3), realizes that transport carriage (26) enters different steel structure field bridges (3).
12. the efficient handling technology of a kind of harbour container according to claim 11, it is characterized in that: in described step 3, the process of clearing out a harbour of freight container is: make use bridge lifting dolly (28) targeted containers is transported to the freight container zone (29) of clearing out a harbour from container stacking zone (31), the collection lifting dolly (32) of clearing out a harbour moves to behind the top of targeted containers and captures freight container and by its lifting along the collection lifting carriage walking track (33) of clearing out a harbour, along collection, clear out a harbour and lift by crane the top that carriage walking track (33) moves to truck or train again, targeted containers is unloaded.
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