CN102730158B - A kind of boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system - Google Patents

A kind of boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102730158B
CN102730158B CN201110083952.0A CN201110083952A CN102730158B CN 102730158 B CN102730158 B CN 102730158B CN 201110083952 A CN201110083952 A CN 201110083952A CN 102730158 B CN102730158 B CN 102730158B
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boats
ships
track
unloading
container
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CN102730158A (en
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石光伟
任航
李建彬
陈海林
黄慧
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Shanghai Merchant Ship Design and Research Institute
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Shanghai Merchant Ship Design and Research Institute
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of container handling system, a kind of boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, comprise boats and ships self discharging system and port bank ancillary system two large divisions; Described boats and ships self discharging system: offer cargo hatch (8) in the left and right sides of boats and ships, the ceiling (10) of cargo hold is fixedly installed some front and back to track (1) and left and right to track (2) and configuration suspention slide rail (9), and to configure suspension rod/drag-line (3) lower end of stretching downwards be suspender (4), the length of suspension rod/drag-line (3) can controlled change length; Along the truck automobile on bank configuration loading container (5) or in freight container load-transfer device (6) on harbour, freight container load-transfer device (6) is configured on Height Adjustable crane (7).The present invention changes Nowadays, Container shipping boats and ships and relies on the lifting appliance on harbour to carry out the mode of loading and unloading, and improve handling efficiency, decrease the time of container ship landing pier, accelerate logistics speed, reduce logistics cost, economic value is large.

Description

A kind of boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of container handling system, specifically relating to a kind of freight container for delivering boats and ships completes the container handling operation between boats and ships and harbour apparatus system at harbour.
Background technology
" Hai Lu company is generalized to sea land Container Transport to the U.S. in 1956 first, makes mammoth tanker " equine this " number into box ship, freight container sea-freight is carried out in New York-course line, Houston.The freighter of delivery container, is divided into lattice by many grids by cabin, the specialized equipment that on-deck has fixed set to case.Box ship there are refrigerating plant, heat-preserving equipment etc. to transport all kinds of article; The also safety apparatus of promising guarantee transportation safety and system.After this, box ship develops rapidly.After entering 21 century, just someone predicts, in the near future, the Container Transport large ship that can load 10,000 standard container positions will come out in Europe.Box ship can be divided into semi-container ship, full container ship and Convertible Container Ship three kinds: wherein, and the special freight space of semi-container ship only using the central part of ship as freight container, other freight spaces still fill break-bulk general cargo.Full container ship refers to specially in order to the boats and ships of shipment collection bag case.It is different from general cargo ship, has grid type shelf, vertical guide rail is housed in its cargo hold, is convenient to freight container and puts down along guide rail, and corner has grid to restrict, can overturning-preventing.Stackable three to nine layers of freight container in the cabin of box ship, on deck also stackable three to four layers.Convertible Container Ship, in its cargo hold, the structure of loading container is dismountable.Therefore, it both can carrying containers, also can load and transport break-bulk general cargo if desired.The box ship speed of a ship or plane is very fast, and most of boats and ships itself do not have lifting appliance, needs to rely on the lifting appliance on harbour to load and unload.This box ship is also referred to as lift onlift off ship.
Container terminal loading and unloading machinery divides by occupation mode: bank loading-unload machine, horizontal loading-unload machine, stockyard loading-unload machine.
Wherein, bank loading-unload machine has handling bridge (bridge crane), and principal mode is divided into A type and H type, and handling bridge is generally joined 1 handling bridge by every 100 meters and is equipped with on harbour.Its handling bridge feature: large from great, volume, be worth high, efficiency is high, automatic controlling level is high, safety is good, driven by power, can not box walking (moving shellfish), belong to solid mechanical.Its keystone configuration forms: cart walking mechanism, running gear for trolley, lifting mechanism, luffing mechanism, electrical control mechanism, security control mechanism.Its operation process: before ship berthing, handling bridge moves to perch, packs up front crossbeam.After ship is good, handling bridge leaves to appointment handling shellfish position, puts down front crossbeam.Unload a ship sequentially: from home record to overside, from upper strata to lower floor, unload case successively.Put by suspender on the freight container that will unload, tapered end is locked, and lifts by crane.Employing hoists and land lateral movement complex method, is put on interior card by freight container.Unclamp tapered end, suspender rises, and starts next circulation.Shipping sequence: from overside to home record, cases successively from lower floor to upper strata.Current efficiency can reach 60Move/Hour.
General place loading-unload machine is tyre crane (field bridge), and principal feature is: combustion engine (diesel engine) or electric power add internal combustion engine drive, belongs to mobile handling machinery.Without steel track, use rubber tire.Can walk all around, need turn on deflecting plate.Can not walk by box, general hoisting capacity is 40.5 tons.Can across six row freight containers and a truck passage.
The container wharf of domestic employing off-shored crane and place rubber tired crane, general employing container truck (truck) horizontal transport freight container between harbour and stockyard, and according to certain ratio (being generally 1: 4) for off-shored crane is equipped with truck.1 off-shored crane and corresponding truck form 1 operation road.
Under normal circumstances, after truck is equipped to off-shored crane, its travel way is just fixed up relatively.Usually, in truck work cycle, half-turn is heavy duty, and half-turn is unloaded.Zero load causes energy consumption and waste of time, affects the performance of truck efficiency.
If truck haul is long or storage yard operation is busier, so to complete the operating turnaround on " ship limit, stockyard one, ship limit one " just long for truck, and bank crane can only wait for truck in operation process, and its production efficiency must be affected; If truck haul is shorter or storage yard operation is not in a hurry, truck operating turnaround just shortens greatly, and truck even may be caused on ship limit to wait in line the situation of bank crane handling.
What if desired load and unload is freight container on deck, then due to reasons such as bank crane lifting altitude are little, driver's seat is good, the operating efficiency of bank crane is general higher, the situation that truck waited for by bank crane may occur, production efficiency is affected; If desired the container lot loaded and unloaded is in deep tank, then due to reasons such as bank crane lifting altitude are large, pilot's line of vision is obstructed, the operating efficiency of bank crane declines to some extent, and truck waits in line bank crane handling situation on ship limit may occur.
Along with the continuous growth of freight container sea-freight amount and the development of larger-sized vessel, single ship also constantly increases in the port volume of goods loaded and unloaded.The lifting of ship speed and the shortening of trip time more highlight the weak link of each subsystem of stevedoring operation.
Along with the fast development of box ship, the current container handling apparatus to boats and ships harbour and handling mode it is also proposed more requirements at the higher level, wish more fast, more efficiently, add the loading and unloading capacity of Port, accelerate goods handling speed, and be convenient to the target realizing automated handling and automatic management.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming that existing handling bridge overhanging arm is long, difficulty located by the travel time of crane length, truck and loop wheel machine, handling efficiency is low, provide one more can be suitable for automation mechanized operation, container handling system fast and efficiently.Object of the present invention is realized by following technical scheme.
A kind of boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, is characterized in that:
Described boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, comprises boats and ships self discharging system and port bank ancillary system two large divisions;
Described boats and ships self discharging system:
Cargo hatch is offered in the left and right sides of boats and ships, and configure cargo door, the ceiling of cargo hold is fixedly installed the front and back of some fore-and-aft directions to track, configures the left and right of some left and right directions to track in front and back on track, controlled moving forward and backward can be done to track in left and right on track in front and back;
On track, configure suspention slide rail in left and right, suspention slide rail can make controlled sway in left and right on track;
On suspention slide rail, configuration can be moved along suspention slide rail, the suspension rod/drag-line stretched downwards, and suspension rod lower end is suspender, and the length of suspension rod/drag-line can controlled change length;
Described port bank ancillary system:
On harbour, along bank configuration loading container truck automobile or in freight container load-transfer device, freight container load-transfer device is configured on Height Adjustable crane.
Further, the cargo hatch of described boats and ships is rectangular, respective rectangular cargo door with falling hinger structural allocation in the upper edge of cargo hatch or lower edge.
Further again, described cargo door controls driven opening/closing by electromagnetism or hydraulic way.
Further, described left and right to track by numerical-control motor through gear and rack mechanism or controlled to move on track in front and back through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism by numerical-control motor.
Further, described suspention slide rail is linear track structure or long waist shaped cyclic track.
Further again, described suspention slide rail, or is controlled to move on track in left and right through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism by numerical-control motor through gear and rack mechanism by numerical-control motor.
Described suspension rod/drag-line changes length by numerical-control motor through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism.
Further, described crane is provided by hydraulic ram and controls lifting drive.
Further, described suspender is sucker or grab.
Further, described freight container load-transfer device is long girdle ring shape freight container load-transfer device, caterpillar conveyer belt, or roller shaft type load-transfer device.
In order to significantly improve terminal operation efficiency, the invention provides new container handling system.This system, compared with loading and unloading system in the past, maximum difference is just that it is positioned at the inside top position of each cargo hold of box ship, be provided with suspention slide type rail system, to track before and after being configured in, along front and back to the left and right of track movement on track, the lower end of suspension rod or drag-line is configured in as the sucker of suspender or grab, suspender can move to the optional position of cargo hold easily on request, the metal case of freight container is held by sucker, or the raised line at freight container shell two ends is blocked by grab, or the hoisting ring of freight container is caught on by hook, and then along the walking of suspention slide rail, move mode can be dolly or the pulley of translator, rely on suspention slide rail and front and back to track, left and right can complete the handling task of freight container from harbour to box ship and from box ship to harbour to track.On harbour, can manage for terminal informationization, configure the truck automobile of loading container or farthest realize the maximal efficiency of system in freight container load-transfer device, the freight container load-transfer device of dock systems and Height Adjustable crane, can be sent to stockyard fast by freight container.
Whole system, compared with in the past, no longer needs the cooperation of the hoisting crane on bank, has broken away from the dependence to harbour weight-lifting equipment.The design of belt system, optimizes dock systems information system management, no longer occurs allowing truck wait in line the situation of cranage on ship limit, the dispatching system of truck can farthest be played and optimize, substantially increases terminal operation efficiency.
Constructional feature of the present invention and advantage: the present invention solves some technical matterss in the dress of ship bank in existing Container Transport Discharging Process, provide a kind of and take into account the system that boats and ships self-unloading and ship bank work in coordination with the novel loading and unloading container of handling.
1. for realizing the object of the invention, present invention employs: ship bank container handling system, its component part comprises: boats and ships self discharging system and port bank ancillary system.Boats and ships self discharging system composition comprises: the cargo door that cargo hold side board top is installed, and installs the front and back at top, cabin to track, front and back to track and suspention slide rail.Port bank ancillary system composition comprises: freight container belt conveyor, also can make freight container Automated Sorting System further.
2., in boats and ships self discharging system, be arranged on top, cabin track along beam direction, track closes at both sides, captain direction joining rails.Wherein, at each cargo hold, a suspention slide rail is installed, each track is installed the freight container grabbing device that one or more is formed by suspender, suspension rod or drag-line, every platform grabbing device comprises freight container fixed equipment and lifting fixing aid, can precise positioning conveying container.Wherein cargo door is controlled to drive by electromagnetism or hydraulic way again, can, according to operating switch, freight container be freed in and out.
3. harbour accessory equipment comprises crawler type Container Transport track, and freight container can be loaded and unloaded at a high speed.
4. the radical change of the present invention boats and ships dock container handling mode of prior art, improves handling speed, shortens the berthing time of boats and ships at harbour, reduces Container Transport cost.
5. eliminate tower crane cantilever design, overcome the force way that cantilever is bad, the containerable cargo direct grapple hook of suspension rod completely in orbit walking is mobile, or directly puts and transport on the conveyor belt, alleviates carriage load, greatly saves energy resource consumption.
6. technical scheme of the present invention, equipment configuration all can adopt existing proven technique, components and parts, material, is therefore easy to realize, and does not almost have implement general plan, and accelerate harbour turnover rhythm, the economic value of creation is but very large.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is an embodiment of a kind of boats and ships dock container of the present invention loading and unloading system, and the cross sectional drawing of cargo hold, shows the structural representation of cargo hold handler;
Fig. 2 is an embodiment of a kind of boats and ships dock container of the present invention loading and unloading system, and display suspention slide rail is long waist shaped cyclic track, is configured with long girdle ring shape freight container conveyer belt mechanism birds-eye view, shows the structure of harbour track handler along harbour;
Fig. 3 is the another embodiment of a kind of boats and ships of the present invention dock container loading and unloading system, and display suspention slide rail is long waist shaped cyclic track, is configured with mechanism's birds-eye view of linear crawler type load-transfer device, shows the structural representation of harbour track handler along harbour;
Fig. 4 is an embodiment again of a kind of boats and ships dock container of the present invention loading and unloading system, and the structural representation of display set vanning grabbing device part, suspention slide rail is configured with and is driven by dolly, suspend grab in midair, block the structure of freight container by drag-line.
In figure, 1 be before and after are left and right are suspension rod/drag-lines, 4 are suspenders, 5 are freight containers, 6 are freight container load-transfer devices, 7 are cranes, 8 are cargo hatchs, 9 are suspention slide rails, 10 to track, 3 to track, 2 are cargo hold ceilings.
Detailed description of the invention
Detailed content of the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
A kind of boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, is characterized in that:
Described boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, comprises boats and ships self discharging system and port bank ancillary system two large divisions;
Described boats and ships self discharging system:
Cargo hatch 8 is offered in the left and right sides of boats and ships, and configure cargo door, the ceiling 10 of cargo hold is fixedly installed the front and back of some fore-and-aft directions to track 1, on track 1, configure the left and right of some left and right directions in front and back to track 2, controlled moving forward and backward can be done to track 2 in left and right on track 1 in front and back;
On track 2, configure suspention slide rail 9 in left and right, suspention slide rail 9 can make controlled sway in left and right on track 2;
On suspention slide rail 9, configuration can be moved along suspention slide rail 9, the suspension rod/drag-line 3 stretched downwards, and suspension rod 3 lower end is suspender 4, and the length of suspension rod/drag-line 3 can controlled change length;
Described port bank ancillary system:
On harbour, along bank configuration loading container 5 truck automobile or in freight container load-transfer device 6, freight container load-transfer device 6 is configured on Height Adjustable crane 7.
The cargo hatch 8 of described boats and ships is rectangular, respective rectangular cargo door with falling hinger structural allocation in the upper edge of cargo hatch 8 or lower edge.
Described cargo door controls driven opening/closing by electromagnetism or hydraulic way.
Described left and right to track 2 by numerical-control motor through gear and rack mechanism or controlled to move on track 1 in front and back through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism by numerical-control motor.
Described suspention slide rail 9 is linear track structure or long waist shaped cyclic track.
Described suspention slide rail 9, or is controlled to move on track 2 in left and right through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism by numerical-control motor through gear and rack mechanism by numerical-control motor.
Described suspension rod/drag-line 3 changes length by numerical-control motor through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism.
Described crane 7 is provided by hydraulic ram and controls lifting drive.
Described suspender 4 is sucker or grab.
Described freight container load-transfer device 6 is long girdle ring shape freight container load-transfer device, caterpillar conveyer belt, or roller shaft type load-transfer device.
When after ship berthing at harbour, topside cargo door is opened.Reciprocating loop wheel machine guide rail is protruding, to outboard.The reciprocating circulation loop wheel machine of multiple stage on guide rail, by automatically locate banding system fixing after, start lifting operation.Loop wheel machine by cargo door by Container Transport to outboard.When arrangement harbour, harbour ancillary system, freight container is placed on and follows on cyclic track road by loop wheel machine, is transported to stacking place inside harbour by the motion following cyclic track road, the operation while that multiple stage loop wheel machine can being queued up, and improves handling efficiency.
When harbour does not have belt conveyor to assist loading and unloading system, the automobile that chest directly can be placed on the lade on topside harbour by reciprocating loop wheel machine sails out of harbour, realizes automatic loading and unloading.

Claims (9)

1. a boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, is characterized in that:
Described boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system, comprises boats and ships self discharging system and port bank ancillary system two large divisions;
Described boats and ships self discharging system:
Cargo hatch (8) is offered in the left and right sides of boats and ships, and configure cargo door, the ceiling (10) of cargo hold is fixedly installed the front and back of some fore-and-aft directions to track (1), in front and back to the left and right of the some left and right directions of the upper configuration of track (1) to track (2), controlled moving forward and backward can be done to track (2) in left and right on track (1) in front and back;
In left and right to upper configuration suspention slide rail (9) of track (2), suspention slide rail (9) can make controlled sway in left and right on track (2);
At suspension rod/drag-line (3) that the upper configuration of suspention slide rail (9) can be moved along suspention slide rail (9), stretch downwards, suspension rod/drag-line (3) lower end is suspender (4), and the length of suspension rod/drag-line (3) can controlled change length;
Described port bank ancillary system:
On harbour, along truck automobile or the freight container load-transfer device (6) on bank configuration loading container (5), freight container load-transfer device (6) is configured on Height Adjustable crane (7);
Described suspention slide rail (9) is long waist shaped cyclic track.
2. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, is characterized in that the cargo hatch (8) of described boats and ships is rectangular, respective rectangular cargo door with falling hinger structural allocation in the upper edge of cargo hatch (8) or lower edge.
3. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that described cargo door controls driven opening/closing by electromagnetism or hydraulic way.
4. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described left and right to track (2) by numerical-control motor through gear and rack mechanism or control upper mobile to track (1) in front and back through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism by numerical-control motor.
5. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1 or 4, it is characterized in that described suspention slide rail (9) by numerical-control motor through gear and rack mechanism, or control through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism upper mobile to track (2) in left and right by numerical-control motor.
6. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described suspension rod/drag-line (3) changes length by numerical-control motor through sprocket wheel and link chain mechanism.
7. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described crane (7) is provided by hydraulic ram and controls lifting drive.
8. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described suspender (4) is for sucker or grab.
9. boats and ships dock container loading and unloading system according to claim 1, is characterized in that described freight container load-transfer device (6) is for long girdle ring shape freight container load-transfer device, caterpillar conveyer belt or roller shaft type load-transfer device.
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CN106829550B (en) * 2017-02-15 2020-09-04 安得智联科技股份有限公司 Automatic loading and unloading vehicle device
CN108217542A (en) * 2018-01-17 2018-06-29 苏州诚满信息技术有限公司 A kind of cargo-container ship with intelligent unloading function
CN110920810A (en) * 2019-12-09 2020-03-27 上海船舶研究设计院(中国船舶工业集团公司第六0四研究院) Roll-on-roll-off structure for quick loading and unloading of containers

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