CN102948283A - Garlic planting machine with spoon - Google Patents

Garlic planting machine with spoon Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102948283A
CN102948283A CN2011102474704A CN201110247470A CN102948283A CN 102948283 A CN102948283 A CN 102948283A CN 2011102474704 A CN2011102474704 A CN 2011102474704A CN 201110247470 A CN201110247470 A CN 201110247470A CN 102948283 A CN102948283 A CN 102948283A
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China
Prior art keywords
sowing
spoon
seed
garlic
planting machine
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Application number
CN2011102474704A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102948283B (en
Inventor
樊家志
陈新华
徐敏
刘卫华
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XUZHOU XINTIAN AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY INSTITUTE
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XUZHOU XINTIAN AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY INSTITUTE
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Priority to CN201110247470.4A priority Critical patent/CN102948283B/en
Publication of CN102948283A publication Critical patent/CN102948283A/en
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Publication of CN102948283B publication Critical patent/CN102948283B/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a garlic planting machine with a spoon, belonging to the technical field of agricultural machines. The machine is mainly used for mechanical planting of the garlic, and mainly comprises devices of rack, sowing, trench digging, soil covering, pressing, etc. The garlic planting machine with the spoon is characterized in that the rack is mounted with a trench digging device at a lower part thereof and a seed box and sowing device at a middle part thereof, and the sowing device is composed of an active toothed belt pulley, a passive toothed belt pulley, toothed belt, a sowing spoon, a seed transmitting plate and a seed protecting pipe, wherein the sowing spoon takes a seed from the seed box when rotating to a right side, and then a seed transmitting operation and a seedling operation are carried out; the seed box is provided with an elastic baffle at the bottom thereof, the rack is provided with a soil covering device and a pressing device at the rear thereof, pressing wheels are provided with a driving sprockets and a chain, and the pressing wheels can slightly float under effects of a pull rod, a fulcrum rod and a pressing spring. The machine can change a vertical-type plantation way with downward garlic root and upward bud into a horizontal plantation way under a premise of not influencing germination, growth and yield of the garlic. According to the invention, the novel garlic planting machine is innovatively designed and has characteristics of novel structure, reasonable design, uniform sowing, simple operation, low cost, high efficiency, and extremely high using and popularization value.

Description

Band spoon formula garlic planting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of garlic planting machine, its dispenser adopts band spoon formula structure, can realize that simple grain keeps flat sowing, belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, is mainly used in the operation of garlic mechanized cultivation.
Background technology
China's planting garlic area is larger, at present, not yet has suitable garlic planting machine to apply, complete in artificial planting, its implantation methods be by artificial trench digging, manually with the garlic root downwards, bud up, garlic clove stands upright in the soil, then artificial earthing is buried, plantation efficient is low, only can plant 0.2 mu for each person every day, planting cost is high, and every mu of planting cost approximately needs 200 yuan, labour intensity is large, need manually bend over to plant.Therefore, this traditional planting patterns directly has influence on scale and economic benefit that garlic produces, numerous garlic farmers mechanical planting problem in the urgent need to address.
Summary of the invention
Patent of the present invention is: in order to solve garlic mechanized cultivation problem.On the basis of Experimental Comparison, take the garlic kind to keep flat method for planting, to substitute traditional upright method for planting, keeping flat plants can not affect that garlic germinates, emerges, growth and output.Keeping flat plants has simplified the plantation difficulty of garlic, broken away from the constraint of traditional planting patterns, solved that the difficulty of uprightly planting is large, time-consuming, labour intensity reaches greatly the problem that machinery is difficult to plant, simplified planting garlic technique, be conducive to realize garlic mechanized cultivation technology.
Patent of the present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem adopts: invented a kind of novel garlic planting machine, this machine and mating miniature tractor use, can once finish the garlic simple grain and get kind, carry, ditch, keep flat the flow charts such as planting, earthing and suppression, thereby improved planting garlic production efficiency, reduced planting cost, alleviate labour intensity, improved the garlic productivity effect.Key technology of the present invention is: innovation a kind of novel planting garlic device, this device adopts band spoon fabricated structure, under the uniform rotation of odontoid belt, sowing spoon on the belt is done evenly to rotate, when the sowing spoon goes in the seed-box, begin to get kind, each sowing spoon only can be got a garlic kind at every turn, after getting kind, the sowing spoon leaves seed-box, then overturns in protecting kind of pipe, seed is put into the back side of front sowing spoon, when seed was transported to the bottom of plough, seed fell into bottom of trench, namely finished the seeding operation.Its key technology is the physical dimension of sowing spoon, the speed of odontoid belt, and the degree of depth of seed-box and band spoon enter the position of plough bottom etc., thereby can guarantee uniformity and the seeding quality sowed.
Innovative design of the present invention a kind of Novel ditching covering device, can make that the trench digging penetration performance is strong, the trench digging bottom is smooth, be conducive to the garlic kind falls on the plane,, avoid bud phenomenon down with the plane of guaranteeing the garlic kind or arc surface down, make the basically identical from the earth's surface height of garlic sprouts.After garlic fell into bottom of trench, plough itself just had automatic function of covering soil, and other soil that does not enter ditch is pushed it in ditch by covering device, and strikes off, and garlic was covered tight, was conducive to garlic germination and emergence, growth.In addition, plough cooperates with seeding band spoon, the garlic seed can be fallen into the bottom of trench of having opened in the lower, beats in the time of can avoiding the garlic kind to land, and assurance garlic kind is evenly landed, and can improve uniformity and the depth uniformity of sowing.
Utilize and be somebody's turn to do the method that " a band spoon formula garlic planting machine " carries out planting garlic: when tractor hauls in this machine walking process in the field, press wheel rotates counterclockwise on the ground, then driving drive sprocket rotates, drive sprocket drives chain and by movable sprocket, then driving initiatively, the flute profile belt pulley rotates counterclockwise, driving flute profile belt and passive flute profile belt pulley rotates, make the sowing spoon upwards mobile in seed-box, in moving process, get kind, one of every bale-out, when the sowing spoon runs to active flute profile belt pulley top, the sowing spoon overturns in protecting kind of pipe, and seed is turned on fortune kind of the plate of front, when fortune kind of a plate is transported to sowing port with seed, kind of pipe and fortune kind of a plate are protected in the seed disengaging, seed is fallen the bottom of trench of plough, and seed keeps flat naturally, then by behind the covering device earthing, by the press wheel compacting, finish the seeding operation method.
The beneficial effect of patent of the present invention is: should " be with spoon formula garlic planting machine ", use with mating miniature tractor, can finish once that the garlic simple grain is got kind, the flow charts such as planting, earthing and suppression are carried, ditched, keep flat to seed, thereby improved planting garlic production efficiency, reduced planting cost, alleviate labour intensity, improved the planting garlic productivity effect.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and example patent of the present invention is described further
Accompanying drawing 1: " band spoon formula garlic planting machine " structural representation
Accompanying drawing 1:1, plough; 2, frame; 3, sowing spoon; 4, odontoid belt; 5, active toothed belt wheel; 6, protect kind of a pipe; 7, by movable sprocket; 8, compression spring; 9, pole; 10, press wheel; 11, chain; 12, drive sprocket; 13, pull bar; 14, covering device; 15, seed; 16, seed-box; 17, elastic baffle; 18, sowing port; 19, passive toothed belt wheel; 20, fortune kind of plate.
Embodiment
In Fig. 1: the embodiment of this garlic planting machine is: plough (1) is installed in the bottom in frame (2), be mainly used in trench digging, band spoon dispenser and seed-box (16) have been installed at the middle part of frame (2), the rotation of dispenser drives odontoid belt (4) by active toothed belt wheel (5) with by toothed belt wheel (19), then drive sowing spoon (3) rotation by odontoid belt (4), when changing seed-box (16) over to, sowing spoon (3) begins to get kind, when producing seed-box (16), sowing spoon (3) upset, seed is delivered on fortune kind of the plate (20), then seed is transported to the bottom, when seed was transported to the position of sowing port (18), seed fell naturally, fall on the plane of having ditched, formation keeps flat the position, and elastic baffle (17) has been installed in the bottom of seed-box, in case the garlic kind spills.Press wheel (10) has been installed at the rear portion of frame, press wheel (10) is connected on the frame (2) by pull bar (13) and pole (9), be set with compression spring (8) on the pole (9), one end of press wheel (10) has been installed drive sprocket (12), and chain (11) is housed, when press wheel (10) rotates, drive drive sprocket (12) and rotate, driven by movable sprocket (7) rotation by chain (11), then drive toothed belt wheel and rotate.In the bottom of pull bar (13) covering device (14) has been installed, can have been struck off the soil of after planting leaving, then carried out compacting by press wheel (10), namely finish get kind, the flow chart such as seed conveying, trench digging, planting, suppression of soil.
Utilize the method that " a band spoon formula garlic planting machine " carries out planting garlic of being somebody's turn to do, when press wheel 10 rotates, chain 11 drives and is rotated by movable sprocket 7, then driving initiatively, flute profile belt pulley 5 rotates, flute profile belt 4 drives sowing spoon 3 and moves, sowing spoon 3 moves in the seed-box 16, begin to get kind, 1 every spoonful, when sowing spoon 3 runs to active flute profile belt pulley 5 top, 3 upsets of sowing spoon, seed is turned on fortune kind of the plate 20 of front, is protecting under kind of the escorting of pipe 6, when seed is transported to sowing port 18, middle pipe 6 and fortune kind of a plate 20 are protected in the seed disengaging, seed is fallen the bottom of trench that plough 1 is left, and seed keeps flat naturally, then by covering device 4 earthing, the method of planting operation is finished in the press wheel compacting.

Claims (5)

1. a band spoon formula garlic planting machine mainly contains frame, sowing, trench digging, earthing and suppression etc. and partly forms.
2. its architectural feature is: in the bottom of frame (2) plough wide at the top and narrow at the bottom (1) has been installed; Passive toothed belt wheel (19) has been installed above plough; At the middle part of frame (2) seed-box (16) has been installed; A movable elastic baffle (17) is arranged at the bottom of seed-box; Front at seed-box (16) is connecting seeding apparatus, and seeding apparatus is mainly by active flute profile belt pulley (5); Passive flute profile belt pulley (19); Two belt pulleys connect a rooted tooth shape belt (4); At odontoid belt ellipse sowing spoon (3) and fortune kind of plate (20) have been installed; Installed in the outside of sowing spoon and to have protected kind of a pipe (6); Sowing port (18) is equipped with in the bottom of protecting kind of pipe; Rectangle pull bar (13) and cylindrical pole (9) have been installed at the rear portion of frame (2); In the top of pole (9) compression spring (8) is housed; In the below of pull bar (13) " eight " shape covering device (14) is housed down, the rear connecting cylindrical shape press wheel (10) of pull bar; Sleeve roller minor drive sprocket (12) has been installed in the side of press wheel; Then at drive sprocket sleeve roller chain (11) is installed, is articulated in simultaneously by on the movable sprocket (7).
3. according to the described band spoon of claim one formula garlic planting machine, the top odontoid belt (4) that connecting that it is characterized in that active toothed belt wheel (5) and passive toothed belt wheel (19) has been installed oval sowing spoon (3) and fortune kind of a plate (20) on the odontoid belt.
4. according to the described band spoon of claim one formula garlic planting machine, it is characterized in that protecting kind of a pipe (6); Sowing port (18) is equipped with in the bottom of protecting kind of pipe.
5. according to the described band spoon of claim one formula garlic planting machine, it is characterized in that wide, lower narrow plough (1); At the upper side of plough passive toothed belt wheel (19) has been installed.
CN201110247470.4A 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Garlic planting machine with spoon Expired - Fee Related CN102948283B (en)

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CN201110247470.4A CN102948283B (en) 2011-08-24 2011-08-24 Garlic planting machine with spoon

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CN102948283A true CN102948283A (en) 2013-03-06
CN102948283B CN102948283B (en) 2015-06-10

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104041227A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-17 同济大学 Handheld seeder
CN104521377A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-22 安徽灵杨农机制造有限公司 Soil covering device for seeders
CN104604397A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-13 王海静 Novel potato laminating seeder and novel seed picking spoon and novel dual-purpose laminating seeder for potato and corn
CN105165186A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-23 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Repressive force control apparatus for wheeled repression device
CN106171182A (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-12-07 山东理工大学 Cell-seed distributor bucket type conducting device
CN107396670A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-28 四川农业大学 One kind sowing power profiling drive device
CN107750521A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-03-06 孙鹏程 A kind of garlic planting machine
CN111630989A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-08 霸州市新星模具塑料制品有限公司 Garlic seeder for garlic seeder
CN116018911A (en) * 2023-03-10 2023-04-28 中国农业大学 Suspension type high-flat-seeding-rate garlic seeder

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008123829A1 (en) * 2007-04-05 2008-10-16 Väderstad-Verken Ab Device for coupling of support wheels at an agricultural machine
CA2734608A1 (en) * 2008-08-22 2010-02-25 Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. Seed planter
CN101878516A (en) * 2007-11-28 2010-11-03 通用电气公司 The IR reflecting grating that is used for lamp
CN101878687A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-11-10 魏传水 Full-automatic garlic planter capable of adjusting head and back of garlic
CN201830639U (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-05-18 章东林 Garlic planting device
CN201878516U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-06-29 山东五征集团有限公司 Garlic planting machine

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2008123829A1 (en) * 2007-04-05 2008-10-16 Väderstad-Verken Ab Device for coupling of support wheels at an agricultural machine
CN101878516A (en) * 2007-11-28 2010-11-03 通用电气公司 The IR reflecting grating that is used for lamp
CA2734608A1 (en) * 2008-08-22 2010-02-25 Pioneer Hi-Bred International, Inc. Seed planter
CN101878687A (en) * 2010-06-17 2010-11-10 魏传水 Full-automatic garlic planter capable of adjusting head and back of garlic
CN201878516U (en) * 2010-08-19 2011-06-29 山东五征集团有限公司 Garlic planting machine
CN201830639U (en) * 2010-08-31 2011-05-18 章东林 Garlic planting device

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104604397A (en) * 2013-11-01 2015-05-13 王海静 Novel potato laminating seeder and novel seed picking spoon and novel dual-purpose laminating seeder for potato and corn
CN104041227A (en) * 2014-05-23 2014-09-17 同济大学 Handheld seeder
CN104041227B (en) * 2014-05-23 2016-08-17 同济大学 Hand-held seeder
CN104521377A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-04-22 安徽灵杨农机制造有限公司 Soil covering device for seeders
CN106171182A (en) * 2015-05-04 2016-12-07 山东理工大学 Cell-seed distributor bucket type conducting device
CN105165186A (en) * 2015-08-11 2015-12-23 北京农业智能装备技术研究中心 Repressive force control apparatus for wheeled repression device
CN107396670A (en) * 2017-09-01 2017-11-28 四川农业大学 One kind sowing power profiling drive device
CN107750521A (en) * 2017-11-01 2018-03-06 孙鹏程 A kind of garlic planting machine
CN111630989A (en) * 2020-07-03 2020-09-08 霸州市新星模具塑料制品有限公司 Garlic seeder for garlic seeder
CN116018911A (en) * 2023-03-10 2023-04-28 中国农业大学 Suspension type high-flat-seeding-rate garlic seeder
CN116018911B (en) * 2023-03-10 2024-04-12 中国农业大学 Suspension type high-flat-seeding-rate garlic seeder

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