CN102940033A - Mobile infrared heat carrier fluidized bed grain drying plant - Google Patents

Mobile infrared heat carrier fluidized bed grain drying plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102940033A
CN102940033A CN2012104261340A CN201210426134A CN102940033A CN 102940033 A CN102940033 A CN 102940033A CN 2012104261340 A CN2012104261340 A CN 2012104261340A CN 201210426134 A CN201210426134 A CN 201210426134A CN 102940033 A CN102940033 A CN 102940033A
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cereal
fluidized bed
infrared
thermophore
grain drying
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CN2012104261340A
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CN102940033B (en
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魏金富
魏昱进
项海燕
周亚梅
孙成兵
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Shanghai Hongyang Machinery Co Ltd
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Shanghai Hongyang Machinery Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a mobile infrared heat carrier fluidized bed grain drying plant, comprising a conveying mechanism for loading grains and conveying the grains from a feed inlet to a discharge hole, a heating mechanism for heating the grains on the conveying mechanism to evaporate the water in the grains, a blast mechanism for blasting the heating mechanism and the conveying mechanism to blow air to the grains, remove dust and moisture in the grains and keep the grains in the fluidized state, and a filtering mechanism for filtering out the dust and moisture brought out by the blast mechanism, wherein the conveying mechanism, the heating mechanism and the blast mechanism are arranged on a mobile base plate, the mobile base plate is provided with rollers, and the drying plant can move by the mobile base plate. According to the invention, the drying plant adopts a vehicle-mounted mobile structure, can be pulled to the working place by using a trailer at any time without occupying specific workshop and ground, the usage is flexible and convenient, and the drying plant is beneficial for raising the production efficiency.

Description

Portable infrared thermophore fluidized bed type grain drying
Technical field
The present invention relates to farm machinery, relate in particular to a kind of to cereal (wheat, paddy rice, rice, jowar etc.) the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of the front withering movable type of putting in storage grain drying.
Background technology
Need behind the grain harvest into silo storage, its water content need reach certain standard can prevent the prolongation storage life of going mouldy, and present small-sized production unit adopts artificial threshing ground, dehydration and wind-force, the artificial modes such as removing the paddy bits of winnowing; Large-size production units adopts firing method to add hot-air more, and the equipment that it adopts takes up an area large, and air is polluted, and efficient also is difficult to improve.According to interrelated data, China deals with waste improperly more than 5% at stock because of moisture content every year, calculates by the whole nation, and the cereal waste after the results is very large.The cereal drying is step important in the agricultural production, also is the key link in the agricultural production, is the important component part that realizes the grain-production entire mechanization.The grain dry machinery technology is as Main Means take machinery, adopt corresponding technique and technical measures, control artificially the factors such as temperature, humidity, under the prerequisite of offense of damage to corn trees and vegetable products quality not, reduce water content in the cereal, make it reach the dry technology that national security is stored standard.
Grain drying can be divided into the types such as convection type, conduction-type, radiant type, dielectric cleaning by its mode of heating.Countercurrent drier is to utilize the drying medium of heat directly to contact with wet stock, with the convection type transferring heat, and the steam of generation is taken away; The conduction-type drying machine utilizes conduction pattern to pass through the metal partition to the wet stock transferring heat by thermal source, the hygroscopic water steam that generates can aspirate, pass into a small amount of sweep gas or remove in the methods such as low-temperature condenser surface condensation that arrange separately with decompression, this drier does not use drying medium, the thermal efficiency is higher, product is not contaminated, but drying capacity is subjected to the restriction of metallic walls heat transfer area, and structure is also complicated, operates under the vacuum of being everlasting; Radiation-type dryer is to utilize various radiators to launch the electromagnetic wave of certain wave-length coverage, changes heat into after being absorbed selectively by the wet stock surface and carries out drying; The dielectric cleaning drying machine is to utilize the high-frequency electric field effect, makes the inner fuel factor that occurs of wet stock carry out drying.Because grain drying volume commonly used is larger, generally is set directly at fixing place, be still waiting to promote in ease of use, therefore, be necessary its structure is improved, to improve the adaptability of equipment.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of a kind of movable type grain drying.
The present invention is that the technical scheme that its technical problem of solution adopts is,
Portable infrared thermophore fluidized bed type grain drying includes:
Conveying mechanism carries cereal and it is delivered to discharging opening from charging aperture;
Heating arrangements heats the cereal on the conveying mechanism, makes the moisture evaporation in the cereal;
Blast mechanism carries out air blast to heating arrangements and conveying mechanism, and air is blowed to cereal, takes away dust and moisture in the cereal, and makes cereal keep fluidized state;
Filter mechanism, dust and moisture content filtering that Blast mechanism is taken out of;
Conveying mechanism, heating arrangements and Blast mechanism are arranged on the mobile platform, and mobile platform is provided with roller, can move by this mobile platform.
Conveying mechanism includes driving wheel and screen belt, and screen belt is around on the driving wheel and joins end to end, and driving wheel drives the screen belt operation, and cereal is carried by this screen belt, has mesh in the screen belt, and Blast mechanism makes air pass mesh and blows to cereal.
Heating arrangements is filled the post of by infrared heater.
This equipment also includes some dry bins that connect in turn, and conveying mechanism passes from dry bin, is equipped with heating arrangements and Blast mechanism in each dry bin, and the cereal on the conveying mechanism is carried out stage drying.
Each dry bin is communicated with filter mechanism by airduct, is provided with blower fan in the airduct, and dust and the moisture of each dry bin two-story valley thing are pumped to filter mechanism.
The charging aperture of conveying mechanism is communicated with feed bin, and feed bin is treated dried grain and kept in.
Filter mechanism includes the first cyclone separator and the second cyclone separator, the entrance of the first cyclone separator is communicated with dry bin, its outlet is communicated with feed bin, send in the feed bin after the hot-air of sending in the dry bin filtered, cereal in the feed bin is carried out preheating and dedusting, feed bin is communicated with the second cyclone separator, and the second cyclone separator carries out dust removal process to the air of sending in the feed bin.
Dry bin is provided with removable door, and this removable door is provided with sight glass and air inlet.
The exit of feed bin is provided with gate valve, with the rate of outflow and the thickness of cereal in the control feed bin.
The porch of feed bin is provided with hoist engine, and hoist engine is sent into cereal to be dried in the feed bin.
The discharging opening place of conveying mechanism is provided with elevator, and dried cereal is sent into memory device.
The screen belt top is provided with the splashproof guard, prevents that the cereal on the screen belt from spilling.
The dryness storehouse chamber interior walls adopts corrosion resistant plate to make, and its outer wall adopts the alumina silicate warming plate to make.
The invention has the advantages that, this drying equipment adopts the vehicle-mounted removable structure, can utilize at any time trailer traction to the job site, need not take specific factory building place, flexible and convenient to use, be conducive to enhance productivity, simultaneously, owing to the hot-air that will produce after the cereal heating passes in the feed bin cereal is carried out preheating and dedusting, improved efficiency of energy utilization.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the portable infrared thermophore fluidized bed type grain drying that proposes of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the top view of this drying equipment.
The specific embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with diagram and specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
Such as Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2, the portable infrared thermophore fluidized bed type grain drying that the present invention proposes includes conveying mechanism, heating arrangements, Blast mechanism and filter mechanism, conveying mechanism carries cereal and it is delivered to discharging opening from charging aperture, heating arrangements heats the cereal on the conveying mechanism, make the moisture evaporation in the cereal, Blast mechanism carries out air blast to heating arrangements and conveying mechanism, air is blowed to cereal, take away dust and moisture in the cereal, and make cereal keep fluidized state, dust and moisture content filtering that filter mechanism is taken Blast mechanism out of, conveying mechanism, heating arrangements and Blast mechanism are arranged on the mobile platform 1, mobile platform 1 is provided with roller 11, can move transition by mobile platform 1.
Particularly, conveying mechanism includes driving wheel 21 and screen belt 22, screen belt 22 is around on the driving wheel 21 and joins end to end, driving wheel 21 drives screen belt 22 operations, cereal is carried by screen belt 22, have mesh in the screen belt 22, Blast mechanism makes air pass mesh and blows to cereal.
Heating arrangements is filled the post of by infrared heater.
This equipment also includes the dry bin 3 that connects in turn, and conveying mechanism passes from dry bin 3, is provided with heating arrangements and Blast mechanism in the dry bin 3, and the cereal on the conveying mechanism is carried out stage drying.
Dry bin 3 is communicated with filter mechanism by airduct 4, is provided with blower fan 41 in the airduct 4, and dust and the moisture of cereal in the dry bin 3 are pumped to filter mechanism.
The charging aperture of conveying mechanism is communicated with feed bin 5, and feed bin 5 is treated dried grain and kept in.
Dry bin 3 is provided with removable door 31, and removable door 31 is provided with sight glass 32 and air inlet 33.
The exit of feed bin 5 is provided with gate valve 51, with the rate of outflow of cereal in the control feed bin 5.
The porch of feed bin 5 is provided with hoist engine 6, and hoist engine 6 is sent into cereal to be dried in the feed bin 5.
The discharging opening place of conveying mechanism is provided with elevator 7, and dried cereal is sent into memory device.
Screen belt 22 tops are provided with splashproof guard 23, prevent that the cereal on the screen belt 22 from spilling.
Dry bin 3 inwalls adopt corrosion resistant plate to make, and its outer wall adopts the alumina silicate warming plate to make.
Filter mechanism includes the first cyclone separator 81 and the second cyclone separator 82, the entrance of the first cyclone separator 81 is communicated with dry bin 3, its outlet is communicated with feed bin 5, send in the feed bin 5 after the hot-air of sending in the dry bin 3 filtered, cereal in the feed bin 5 is carried out preheating and dedusting, feed bin 5 is communicated with the second cyclone separator 82, and the air of sending in 82 pairs of feed bins 5 of the second cyclone separator carries out dust removal process.
In the present embodiment, mobile platform 1 adopts truck to fill the post of, finish drying operation after, this equipment can be drawn to the parking lot by tractor, mobility is good, does not need specific drill shack.
Above demonstration and described basic principle of the present invention, principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in above-described embodiment and the specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (13)

1. portable infrared thermophore fluidized bed type grain drying includes:
Conveying mechanism carries cereal and it is delivered to discharging opening from charging aperture;
Heating arrangements heats the cereal on the conveying mechanism, makes the moisture evaporation in the cereal;
Blast mechanism carries out air blast to heating arrangements and conveying mechanism, and air is blowed to cereal, takes away dust and moisture in the cereal, and makes cereal keep fluidized state;
Filter mechanism, dust and moisture content filtering that Blast mechanism is taken out of;
It is characterized in that, conveying mechanism, heating arrangements and Blast mechanism are arranged on the mobile platform, and mobile platform is provided with roller, can move by this mobile platform.
2. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 1 grain drying, it is characterized in that, conveying mechanism includes driving wheel and screen belt, screen belt is around on the driving wheel and joins end to end, driving wheel drives the screen belt operation, cereal is carried by this screen belt, has mesh in the screen belt, and Blast mechanism makes air pass mesh and blows to cereal.
3. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 1 grain drying is characterized in that, heating arrangements is filled the post of by infrared heater.
4. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 1 grain drying, it is characterized in that, also include some dry bins that connect in turn, conveying mechanism passes from dry bin, be equipped with heating arrangements and Blast mechanism in each dry bin, the cereal on the conveying mechanism is carried out stage drying.
5. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 4 grain drying, it is characterized in that, each dry bin is communicated with filter mechanism by airduct, is provided with blower fan in the airduct, and dust and the moisture of each dry bin two-story valley thing are pumped to filter mechanism.
6. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 1 grain drying is characterized in that, the charging aperture of conveying mechanism is communicated with feed bin, and feed bin is treated dried grain and kept in.
7. according to claim 5 or the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of 6 described movable types grain drying, it is characterized in that, filter mechanism includes the first cyclone separator and the second cyclone separator, the entrance of the first cyclone separator is communicated with dry bin, its outlet is communicated with feed bin, send in the feed bin after the hot-air of sending in the dry bin filtered, cereal in the feed bin is carried out preheating and dedusting, feed bin is communicated with the second cyclone separator, and the second cyclone separator carries out dust removal process to the air of sending in the feed bin.
8. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 4 grain drying is characterized in that, dry bin is provided with removable door, and this removable door is provided with sight glass and air inlet.
9. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 6 grain drying is characterized in that, the exit of feed bin is provided with gate valve, with the rate of outflow and the thickness of cereal in the control feed bin.
10. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 6 grain drying is characterized in that, the porch of feed bin is provided with hoist engine, and hoist engine is sent into cereal to be dried in the feed bin.
11. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 2 grain drying is characterized in that the discharging opening place of conveying mechanism is provided with elevator, and dried cereal is sent into memory device.
12. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 2 grain drying is characterized in that, the screen belt top is provided with the splashproof guard, prevents that the cereal on the screen belt from spilling.
13. the infrared thermophore fluidized bed type of movable type according to claim 5 grain drying is characterized in that, the dryness storehouse chamber interior walls adopts corrosion resistant plate to make, and its outer wall adopts the alumina silicate warming plate to make.
CN201210426134.0A 2012-10-31 2012-10-31 Mobile infrared heat carrier fluidized bed grain drying plant Active CN102940033B (en)

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Cited By (6)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103900370A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-02 山东泗水冠峰粮食机械有限公司 Microwave heating tunnel drying case
CN104126660A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-05 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 All-weather fluidized bed method grain drier
CN104132521A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-11-05 杭州普瑞除湿设备有限公司 Continuous type new-energy cell dryer
CN104397156A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-11 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 Grain drying device capable of clearing away grain chip
CN107906923A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-04-13 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 Innovative GM 5A mobile grain driers
CN114322490A (en) * 2021-12-28 2022-04-12 江苏科技大学 Grain drying equipment

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103900370A (en) * 2014-04-30 2014-07-02 山东泗水冠峰粮食机械有限公司 Microwave heating tunnel drying case
CN103900370B (en) * 2014-04-30 2015-11-25 山东泗水冠峰粮食机械有限公司 Microwave heating tunnel's drying baker
CN104132521A (en) * 2014-07-09 2014-11-05 杭州普瑞除湿设备有限公司 Continuous type new-energy cell dryer
CN104126660A (en) * 2014-07-24 2014-11-05 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 All-weather fluidized bed method grain drier
CN104126660B (en) * 2014-07-24 2016-04-06 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 A kind of round-the-clock fluidized bed process crop dryer
CN104397156A (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-03-11 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 Grain drying device capable of clearing away grain chip
CN107906923A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-04-13 天津麦世科尔科技咨询有限公司 Innovative GM 5A mobile grain driers
CN114322490A (en) * 2021-12-28 2022-04-12 江苏科技大学 Grain drying equipment
CN114322490B (en) * 2021-12-28 2023-12-19 江苏科技大学 Grain drying equipment

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