CN104542955B - Combined type air-dry machine - Google Patents

Combined type air-dry machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104542955B
CN104542955B CN201310478981.6A CN201310478981A CN104542955B CN 104542955 B CN104542955 B CN 104542955B CN 201310478981 A CN201310478981 A CN 201310478981A CN 104542955 B CN104542955 B CN 104542955B
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China
Prior art keywords
air
section
dried
guide plate
grain
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CN201310478981.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104542955A (en
Inventor
吴文福
张亚秋
韩峰
徐岩
张立辉
刘哲
刘春山
陈思羽
吴新怡
秦骁
吴玉柱
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JIDA SCIENCE APPARATUS CO Ltd CHANGCHUN
Jilin University
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JIDA SCIENCE APPARATUS CO Ltd CHANGCHUN
Jilin University
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Application filed by JIDA SCIENCE APPARATUS CO Ltd CHANGCHUN, Jilin University filed Critical JIDA SCIENCE APPARATUS CO Ltd CHANGCHUN
Priority to CN201310478981.6A priority Critical patent/CN104542955B/en
Publication of CN104542955A publication Critical patent/CN104542955A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/85Food storage or conservation, e.g. cooling or drying

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of foodstuff preservation equipment, more particularly to a kind of combined type air-dry machine.The combined type air-dry machine includes that grain storage section, at least one air-dry section, draining crop mechanism, air draft mechanism composition, described grain storage section is arranged on the top of air-dried section, air-dried section is arranged on the top of draining crop mechanism, and air draft mechanism connection air-dries section and is arranged on the side of air-dried section.The air-dry machine performance of ventilating is good, simple structure and energy saving, loading, convenience of putting out cereal, long service life, while also have drying effect good, without heater, precipitation speed is fast, technological process is simple, delicate structure, assembling, dismounting, convenient transportation, economy and durability, and it is easy to the advantages of producing in batches.

Description

Combined type air-dry machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of foodstuff preservation equipment, more particularly to a kind of combined type air-dry machine.
Background technology
Grain must be dehydrated in order to safe storage, reach safe moisture, can just be prevented in storage process In go rotten it is rotten.In view of grain drying equipment is mostly high temperature drying at present, grain quality, and technological process are not only impaired Complexity, production cost is high, and operation difficulty is big.Therefore it is extremely important to select suitable storage condition and storage equipment.At present The storage facilities developed according to the actual needs has following several:
Chinese patent(Patent No. ZL200820089519.1)There is provided a kind of " novel foodstuff air-drying machine ", it includes heat It is wind furnace, air duct, exhaust gases passes, waste heat recovery passage, air-introduced machine, fume emission road, defeated blower fan, induced-draught fan, flow channel, defeated Fan air channel, induced-draught fan air channel, with air channel and hothouse etc..Mainly by hot-blast stove, all kinds of passages and all kinds of blower fans to Hothouse heat air delivery, and then reach the purpose of air-dried grain.Realized by ventilator and air-flow modulator in hothouse simultaneously The abundant convection current of hot blast and the maximization of drying effect.
Chinese patent(Patent No. ZL201020178150.9)There is provided a kind of " natural air dryer of grains ", it is characterized in There is a thin and tall air-drying tower, air-drying tower surrounding is provided with one or more by screen cloth by shell seal, upper and lower opening in air-drying tower The grain cylinder of the setting for surrounding, the gap between adjacent grain cylinder is air channel, and air channel the inside is equipped with multiple wind-guidings in the outside of grain cylinder Plate, the lower end of grain cylinder is provided with tapping equipment, and equipped with solar heat collector.In tower in the presence of the upper and lower wind power difference power of air-drying tower The air upflow of uniform high speed is formed, grain can sufficiently be dried.Grain continuously falls successively in tower simultaneously, air-dries bar Part ensure that dry uniform than more consistent.
Chinese patent(Application No. 201120040755.6)There is provided a kind of " Multifunctional grain air-drying machine ", it is by propping up Frame, connection exciting disk, drying bed group and air-dry machine housing composition.Exciting disk is connected by one group of spring on support, under exciting disk Face connects motor mounting, and air-dry machine housing is installed on exciting disk, and drying bed group is installed in housing the inside, and drying bed group is by 10-30 layers Drying bed is constituted, including cooling layer, zone of heating and tempering layer.Discharging opening and cold wind import are connected below air-dry machine housing, above Connection exhaust outlet and charge door, air-dry machine housing connection hot blast steam line.
Chinese patent(Patent No. 201020255660.1)There is provided a kind of " multi-layer air dryer ", it includes casing, heat Bellows, conveyer belt, are characterized in casing built with horizontal conveyer belt, and hot bellows are equipped with above each layer of conveyer belt, Multiple blowing mouths are provided with below hot bellows, bottom of shell is equipped with hot blast conveying pipe, and hot blast conveying pipe is communicated with hot bellows, transmits The side of band is equipped with vertical hot air circulating pipe, and the upper end of hot air circulating pipe is equipped with hot air circulator, the lower end of hot air circulating pipe It is placed in the bottom of casing;One end of casing is equipped with inclined plane shape article conveyer belt, is left on the top surface of casing and conveyer belt cooperation Leave discharging opening in charging aperture, the bottom of casing another side wall;He solves artificial feeding, material transfer work in processing is air-dried at present Intensity is big, ineffective problem, be adapted to it is various small article is carried out air-drying treatment use.
Chinese patent(Patent No. ZL201120167829.2)There is provided " a kind of air-dry machine ", including air-dry body, protect Warm layer, porous eye of wind plate, product chambers, hot air chamber, electrothermal tube, sector cross airduct and air blower, and air-dried body obtains inwall and is provided with guarantor Warm layer, air-dries internal body and porous eye of wind plate is housed, and air-dry machine internal body portion is divided into product chambers and hot air chamber by porous eye of wind plate, Electrothermal tube is installed, air-dried body obtains bottom and is provided with fan-shaped airduct and air blower excessively on the side of porous eye of wind plate.Using drum Blower fan coordinates resistance wire to be air-dried.
Chinese patent(Patent No. 201120578917.1)There is provided a kind of " potato air-dry machine ", the air-dry machine includes machine Frame, frame is provided with conveyer belt, and conveyer belt is connected with drive device, and conveyer belt top is provided with blower fan, and conveyer belt is provided with ventilation Hole, conveyer belt lower section is provided with distinguished and admirable reflection unit;Blower fan air-out by distinguished and admirable reflection unit reflection, from the lower direction of conveyer belt On blow, increased air-out direction, improve air-dried efficiency.
Chinese patent(Patent No. 201220081924.5)There is provided a kind of " Multifunctional air dryer ", the air-dry machine is on ground Air blast cabin and air drying cabin are set on disk, and bottom sets motor in air blast cabin, and the top of motor rotary shaft sets fan blade, bottom and sets First decelerator, the first decelerator is connected through power transmission shaft with the second decelerator in air drying cabin, and rotation is arranged on the second decelerator Axle, is arranged a Rotational Cylindrical with jack in the rotary shaft, activity plugs many pegs in the multiple jacks in the Rotational Cylindrical, drum Blower fan storehouse is interconnected with the top of air drying cabin through defeated air duct.The quantity of the product of air-drying is the amount doesn't matter.
Chinese patent(Patent No. 201220047213.6)There is provided a kind of " air-dry machine device ", it includes blower fan sheet Body, a fan housing is provided with the port of export of blower fan, and the numerous air outlet corresponding with material strip is provided with fan housing;Fan housing is set Directly over material strip, effectively prevent material strip and repeated to moisten by moisture, it is ensured that the drying of material strip, simple structure is very practical.
As fully visible, current foodstuff preservation equipment is that the research of air-dry machine has been obtained for extensive concern, and also Certain research level is reached, but there is also certain problem simultaneously, such as processability of product structure is bad, complex structure, it is difficult to Realize batch micro operations;It is most in addition all to use coal or electrical heating, consume energy higher, and inherently without departing from the work of drying machine Make principle, therefore, with reference to the advantage of the studies above achievement, abandoning its shortcoming, the present invention provides a kind of combined type air-dry machine.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of problem that can effectively overcome above-mentioned prior art to exist, drying effect Good, without heater, precipitation speed is fast, and technological process is simple, delicate structure, assembling, dismounting, convenient transportation, economy and durability, And it is easy to the combined type air-dry machine of batch production.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:The combined type air-dry machine includes grain storage section, at least one wind Dry section, draining crop mechanism, air draft mechanism composition, described grain storage section are arranged on the top of air-dried section, and air-dried section is arranged on row's grain machine The top of structure, air draft mechanism connection air-dries section and is arranged on the side of air-dried section.
The grain storage section is by four pieces of rectangular structures that the grain storage section side plate with reinforcement is surrounded thereon, described four pieces Linked together using bayonet lock by U-shaped column between grain storage section side plate, set inside grain storage section one it is first trapezoidal Guide plate, together with the first trapezoidal guide plate is bolted on grain storage section side plate.
Described each air-dried section is frame structure, and it includes air-drying section side plate, the second trapezoidal guide plate and cylindrical shape air draft Webmaster road, two blocks of air-dried section side plates are arranged on the both sides of air-dried segment frames, and the second trapezoidal guide plate is bolted Air-dry on section side plate, cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline is arranged on the top of the second trapezoidal guide plate, two ends and air-dried section side plate and passes through Flange is connected with;It is connected in series using bayonet lock by U-shaped column between described each air-dried section.
The draining crop mechanism is including base support, the lower screw feeder being arranged on base support, by being stirred under shaft coupling connection The auger motor of dragon, the charging aperture and grain outlet that are arranged on lower screw feeder end, the lower screw feeder is by lower screw feeder shell and base branch Frame is connected with.
The air draft mechanism includes the multiple point air channel composition of blower fan, the main air duct of connecting fan, connection main air duct, described Main air duct is using stepped structure type, and point air channel is cylindrical shape, vertical between wherein each point air channel and main air duct to connect, It is connected between air channel and by air channel reducing between air channel and blower fan, each point is connected on the stepped main air duct The connection end in air channel is provided with tune wind plate to be used to adjust air force, and each point of air channel is corresponding with air-dried section II Cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline is connected.
The advantages of the present invention are:
1st, performance of ventilating is good.According to the characteristics of the Northeast and natural wind is to the penetration capacity of grain, enable natural wind Effectively utilize, and air inducing or air blast are carried out using blower fan for grain layer inside, it is ensured that grain security, do not go mouldy.
2nd, save energy.Heating is not required in whole air drying process, therefore without heater, be not only simple in structure and Energy saving.
3rd, grain loss is reduced.Postpartum grain loss in rural area mainly goes mouldy and the plague of rats, poultry and livestock are pecked(Gnaw)Sting, Therefore in design, side is adopted manganese steel silk screen and is protected before and after air-dry machine, realizes that chicken can't peck, damaged by rats is less than reducing grain Loss in prolonged storage.
4th, Assembling.Transport is taken into full account during design and facility is installed, burst completes in processing base, to scene All assembled using wedge-lock button, it is time saving, quick, it is convenient.
5th, flexible dilatation according to actual needs.The grain yield of each peasant household is also different, so being taken into full account in design To this characteristic, air-dried section can increase and decrease the number of plies and be adjusted.
6th, loading, convenience of putting out cereal.In view of peasant household in loading and the facility put out cereal, by belt or can be carried during loading Machine loading is risen, the row's grain screw feeder for air-drying motor spindle can be with unloading.
7th, long service life.This air-dry machine uses full steel structure, and service life is more than 20 years.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of combined type air-dry machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the stereochemical structure installation diagram of combined type air-dry machine of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the side view of combined type air-dry machine of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the stereochemical structure installation diagram of grain storage section of the present invention I.
Fig. 5 is the first trapezoidal guide board structure schematic diagram on grain storage section of the present invention I.
Fig. 6 is a stereochemical structure installation diagram for air-dried section II of the invention.
Fig. 7 is the Standard figure after multiple air-dried sections II of the invention are assembled.
Fig. 8 is the second trapezoidal guide board structure schematic diagram in the air-dried section II of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline configuration schematic diagram in the air-dried section II of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the air channel variable-diameter structure schematic diagram of hemispherical dome in the air-dried section II of the present invention.
Figure 11 is the stereochemical structure installation diagram of draining crop mechanism of the present invention III.
Figure 12 is III time screw feeder shell structure schematic diagram of draining crop mechanism of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of ladder type main air duct in air draft mechanism of the present invention IV.
Figure 14 is the installation diagram of another embodiment of the present invention natural ventilation type air-dry machine.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 with shown in 3:This kind of air-dry machine structure is force ventilation type, and the combined type air-dry machine includes grain storage section Ith, at least one air-dried section II, draining crop mechanism III, air draft mechanism IV are constituted, and described grain storage section I is arranged on the upper of air-dried section II Side, air-dries the top that section II is arranged on draining crop mechanism III, and the connection of air draft mechanism IV air-dries section II and is arranged on the side of air-dried section.
As shown in Figure 4,5:The grain storage section I be by four pieces thereon with reinforcement 2 grain storage section side plates 1 surround it is rectangular Body structure, four blocks of grain storage section side plates 1 are linked together by U-shaped column 4 using bayonet lock each other, in grain storage section I Portion sets a first trapezoidal guide plate 3, together with the first trapezoidal guide plate 3 is bolted on grain storage section side plate 1.
As shown in Fig. 6,7,8,9,10:Described each air-dried section II is frame structure, and it includes air-drying section side plate 17, second Trapezoidal guide plate 16 and cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline 20, two blocks of air-dried section side plates 17 are arranged on the two of the framework of air-dried section II Side, the second trapezoidal guide plate 16 is bolted on air-dried section side plate 17, and cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline 20 is arranged on second The top of trapezoidal guide plate 16, two ends are connected with air-dried section side plate 17 by flange;Described each air-dried section II is each other Between be connected in series using bayonet lock by U-shaped column 4.
If the air-dried section II is made up of dried layer, every layer of air-dried section side plate 17 is connected by U-shaped column 4 with bayonet lock each other It is connected together.
As shown in Figure 11,12:The draining crop mechanism III include base support 7, the lower screw feeder 8 being arranged on base support 7, The auger motor 10 of lower screw feeder 8 is connected by shaft coupling 9, the charging aperture 5 and grain outlet 6 of the end of lower screw feeder 8 is arranged on, it is described under Screw feeder 8 is connected with by lower screw feeder shell and base support 7.
As shown in Fig. 1,2,13:The air draft mechanism IV includes blower fan 11, the main air duct 12 of connecting fan 11, connects main wind The multiple point air channel 15 in road 12 constitutes, and using stepped structure type, point air channel 15 is cylindrical shape to the main air duct 12, wherein It is vertical between each point of air channel 15 and main air duct 12 to connect, between air channel and between air channel and blower fan by air channel reducing 14 and 18 are connected with, and the connection end that each point of air channel 15 is connected on the stepped main air duct 12 is provided with tune wind plate 13 and uses In adjustment air force, each point of air channel 15 cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline 20 corresponding with air-dried section II is connected.
Described blower fan 11 is driven by blower motor 19, and blower fan 11 passes through the bolt of air channel reducing 18 with stepped main air duct 12 Air channel 15 and each layer of air-dried section II, by being connected the bolt connection of air channel reducing 14, are divided in connection, point air channel 15 with ladder type main air duct 12 Air-dry section side plate 17 to be connected by flange bolt, and communicated with corresponding cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline 20.
Reference picture 4, Fig. 5, the lower exit width of the first trapezoidal guide plate 3 and the height of the first trapezoidal guide plate 3 are What the angle of repose flowed naturally according to grain set, grain can be allowed to flow naturally and grain can be prevented excessive.That is grain is from storage Grain section flows downward, and by air-drying section II, finally reaches draining crop mechanism III.
Such as Fig. 6,7:The cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline 20 is exactly fitted under first trapezoidal guide plate 3 of the inside of grain storage section I The centre position of outlet, or it is installed to every layer of air-dried section II just to the centre position of the lower outlet of the second trapezoidal guide plate 16, directly Footpath is identical with the lower exit width of the first trapezoidal trapezoidal guide plate 16 of guide plate 3 or the second, has so both ensured the first trapezoidal guiding The distance between the trapezoidal guide plate 16 of plate 3 or the second and cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline 20 can be blown through by natural wind, can guarantee that again The grain of the inside is not mouldy.
As shown in Figure 11,12, the lower shell of screw feeder 8 is designed to groove profile, and convenient storage grain, front and rear flange leads to base support 7 Bolt connection is crossed, is active plugboard, the grain that easy cleaning is blocked below groove profile housing.
As shown in figure 13:Stepped main air duct 12 is up-narrow and down-wide, can avoid the uneven of allocation of the amount of air.
Embodiment 2:
As shown in figure 14, this kind of air-dry machine structure is natural ventication, and the place different from force ventilation is not use Blower fan, but change by funnel-shaped air channel 22, a no-power air blower 21 is installed at the top of funnel-shaped air channel, air-dried by natural wind.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of combined type air-dry machine, the combined type air-dry machine includes that grain storage section (I), at least one air-dry section (II), row's grain machine Structure (III), air draft mechanism (IV) composition, described grain storage section (I) are arranged on the top of air-dried section (II), air-dry section (II) and set In the top of draining crop mechanism (III), air draft mechanism (IV) connection air-dries section (II) and is arranged on the side of air-dried section, and its feature exists In:The grain storage section (I) is the rectangular structures surrounded by four blocks of grain storage section side plates (1) for carrying reinforcement (2) thereon, described Four pieces of grain storage section side plates (1) are linked together by U-shaped column (4) using bayonet lock each other, are set inside grain storage section (I) One the first trapezoidal guide plate (3), together with the first trapezoidal guide plate (3) is bolted on grain storage section side plate (1);It is described Each air-dried section (II) is frame structure, and it includes air-drying section side plate (17), the second trapezoidal guide plate (16) and cylindrical shape air draft Webmaster road (20), two pieces of air-dried section side plates (17) are arranged on the both sides of air-dried section (II) framework, the second trapezoidal guide plate (16) it is bolted on air-dried section side plate (17), cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline (20) is arranged on the second trapezoidal guide plate (16) top, two ends are connected with air-dried section side plate (17) by flange;Between described each air-dried section (II) It is connected in series using bayonet lock by U-shaped column (4);The air draft mechanism (IV) includes blower fan (11), connecting fan (11) main air duct (12), multiple point air channel (15) composition of connection main air duct (12), the main air duct (12) is using stepped Structure type, point air channel (15) are cylindrical shape, vertical between wherein each point air channel (15) and main air duct (12) to be connected, air channel Between and air channel and blower fan between be connected with by air channel reducing (14,18), connect on the stepped main air duct (12) The connection end for connecing each point of air channel (15) is provided with tune wind plate (13) for adjusting air force, each point of air channel (15) cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline (20) corresponding with air-dried section (II) is connected;The cylindrical shape air exhausting net pipeline (20) is just The centre position of the lower outlet of the first trapezoidal guide plate (3) or the second trapezoidal guide plate (16), diameter and the first ladder are installed to well The lower exit width of shape guide plate (3) or the second trapezoidal guide plate (16) is identical.
2. a kind of combined type air-dry machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The draining crop mechanism (III) is including base Support (7), the lower screw feeder (8) being arranged on base support (7), the auger motor that lower screw feeder (8) is connected by shaft coupling (9) (10) charging aperture 5 and grain outlet (6) of lower screw feeder (8) end, are arranged on, the lower screw feeder (8) is by lower screw feeder shell and base Support (7) is connected with.
3. a kind of combined type air-dry machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Stepped main air duct (12) it is upper it is narrow under It is wide.
CN201310478981.6A 2013-10-14 2013-10-14 Combined type air-dry machine Active CN104542955B (en)

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CN106288756A (en) * 2016-07-28 2017-01-04 合肥三伍机械有限公司 A kind of drying machine cancelling the corn circulation upper and lower screw feeder of conveying
CN106871590A (en) * 2017-02-27 2017-06-20 安徽广深机电设备有限公司 One kind circulation batch crop dryer drying tower
CN106907914B (en) * 2017-04-06 2022-05-13 吴棕雁 Multi-layer flat-turning circulating grain dryer
CN107178992A (en) * 2017-06-16 2017-09-19 山东琦泉能源科技有限公司 Auxiliary power formula point airduct drying system and its control method
CN109269260B (en) * 2018-10-10 2020-12-15 连云港市农业科学院 Rice drying equipment with winnowing and dust removal functions

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CN2052520U (en) * 1989-04-18 1990-02-07 黑龙江省农垦科学院红兴隆科研所 Combined multi-purpose grain drying machine
CN2296498Y (en) * 1997-04-16 1998-11-04 黑龙江省农副产品加工机械化研究所 Grain drier
CN2302492Y (en) * 1996-02-02 1998-12-30 黑龙江省农垦科学院农业工程研究所 Positive and negative pressure circulating drying machine
CN2606316Y (en) * 2003-03-16 2004-03-10 商水县福安粮机制造有限公司 Movable circulatnig grain drier
CN1811310A (en) * 2006-02-28 2006-08-02 辽宁中田干燥设备制造有限公司 Raw state grain drying apparatus
CN202842242U (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-04-03 哈尔滨庆钢烘储设备安装有限责任公司 Concurrent-countercurrent type grain drying machine
CN203575519U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-05-07 吉林大学 Combined-type air dryer

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2052520U (en) * 1989-04-18 1990-02-07 黑龙江省农垦科学院红兴隆科研所 Combined multi-purpose grain drying machine
CN2302492Y (en) * 1996-02-02 1998-12-30 黑龙江省农垦科学院农业工程研究所 Positive and negative pressure circulating drying machine
CN2296498Y (en) * 1997-04-16 1998-11-04 黑龙江省农副产品加工机械化研究所 Grain drier
CN2606316Y (en) * 2003-03-16 2004-03-10 商水县福安粮机制造有限公司 Movable circulatnig grain drier
CN1811310A (en) * 2006-02-28 2006-08-02 辽宁中田干燥设备制造有限公司 Raw state grain drying apparatus
CN202842242U (en) * 2012-10-23 2013-04-03 哈尔滨庆钢烘储设备安装有限责任公司 Concurrent-countercurrent type grain drying machine
CN203575519U (en) * 2013-10-14 2014-05-07 吉林大学 Combined-type air dryer

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