CN207763399U - A kind of grain drying to clean - Google Patents

A kind of grain drying to clean Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207763399U
CN207763399U CN201820030640.0U CN201820030640U CN207763399U CN 207763399 U CN207763399 U CN 207763399U CN 201820030640 U CN201820030640 U CN 201820030640U CN 207763399 U CN207763399 U CN 207763399U
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China
Prior art keywords
shell
feed
clean
cereal
grain drying
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Application number
CN201820030640.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田娟
李肖婷
刘晓秋
宋元萍
石贞芳
靳培英
王启芳
王计新
薛荣
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SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
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SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
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Priority to CN201820030640.0U priority Critical patent/CN207763399U/en
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Abstract

Include drying machine the utility model discloses a kind of grain drying to clean, drying machine includes the shaft of shell and enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of shaft, and the other end installs roller, several sieve pores are evenly equipped on roller;The upper end of shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back exports, and feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with air outlet;The side of shell is equipped with trash chamber, and air outlet is located at the side of trash chamber.A kind of grain drying to clean of the utility model, the hot wind that cereal recycles in drying machine in continuous shuttling movement and drying machine is adequately contacted, hot wind takes away the moisture contained in cereal, and the impurity of the lighter weight contained in cereal is taken away when hot wind discharge, there is impurity removal function while realizing the rapid draing of cereal, have many advantages, such as simple in structure, heat exchanger effectiveness is high.

Description

A kind of grain drying to clean
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of agricultural machinery more particularly to a kind of grain drying to clean.
Background technology
Peasant is after harvesting cereal, if processing is dried to cereal not in time, can make the moist cereal containing moisture Occur to go rotten, to cause the economic loss of peasant household;In the prior art, large-scale crop dryer is due to expensive, commonly Peasant can not pay.Therefore almost all of peasant carries out grain dry by the way of daylight drying.Daylight dries not only It takes up a large area, time-consuming and laborious, labor intensity is big, also to be influenced by weather, very inconvenient.
It needs to clean to cereal before cereal storage, it is special using what is manually winnowed or utilize usually after grain dry Impurity removing equipment clean, manually winnow time-consuming and laborious, labor intensity is big, and efficiency is low;Utilize dedicated impurity removing equipment certainty Cause the promotion of cereal cost.
Invention content
For disadvantages described above, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:A kind of grain dry to clean is provided Equipment, the hot wind that cereal recycles in drying machine in continuous shuttling movement and drying machine are adequately contacted, and hot wind takes away paddy The moisture contained in object, and the impurity of the lighter weight contained in cereal is taken away when hot wind discharge, realize the rapid draing of cereal While there is impurity removal function, have many advantages, such as simple in structure, heat exchanger effectiveness is high.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of grain drying to clean, including drying machine, the drying machine include shell and are horizontally set on institute State the shaft of enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of the shaft, and the other end is installed roller, is evenly distributed on the roller There are several sieve pores;The upper end of the shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back exports, described time Material entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of the shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with air outlet;
The side of the shell is additionally provided with coupled logical trash chamber, and the air outlet is located at the side of the trash chamber Portion.
Be hingedly attached to the housing with adjustable plate as an improvement described, adjustable plate be located at the trash chamber and the shell it Between, the entrance size of trash chamber can be adjusted by changing the angle of adjustable plate.
As an improvement being equipped with equipped with strainer at the air outlet.
As an improvement the lower end of the trash chamber is equipped with impurity discharging port
As an improvement the lower section of first helical blade is equipped with U-shaped groove body, the groove body and the roller Inner chamber body is connected.
As an improvement the feed inlet and feed back entrance are respectively positioned on the top of first helical blade.
As an improvement the rotation direction of first helical blade is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade.
As an improvement the bottom level of the shell is equipped with belt conveyer.
As an improvement the side wall of the shell is equipped with the guide plate being arranged diagonally downward, the guide plate is located at The top of the belt conveyer.
As an improvement the quantity of the air inlet is three, three air inlets are arranged at intervals on the shell Upper end;The quantity of the air outlet is three, and three air outlets are arranged at intervals on the side of the shell.
Above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1, cereal continuous shuttling movement in drying machine, hot wind enters from the air inlet of drying machine upper end, from going out for side Air port is discharged, and hot wind is adequately contacted in drying machine with cereal, and takes away the moisture contained in cereal, and hot wind is discharged When take away the impurity of the lighter weight contained in cereal, while realizing the rapid draing of cereal, there is impurity removal function, there is knot The advantages that structure is simple, and heat exchanger effectiveness is high.
2, the first helical blade conveys cereal to roller direction when shaft rotates, and is delivered to the cereal of roller in roller It rotates and is conveyed to the other end of roller, and constantly there is cereal to be fallen from the sieve pore of roller in conveying so that the cereal of accumulation Disperseed well.Cereal carries out sufficient heat exchange with hot-air after dispersion, and hot-air takes away the moisture in cereal, can be very Good achievees the purpose that dried grain.
3, the lower section of the first helical blade is equipped with U-shaped groove body, and groove body is connected with the inner chamber body of roller, into drying machine Cereal all sent to roller by the first helical blade, fall after the peptizaiton of roller, dispersion effect is uniform, improve heat The drying efficiency of the efficiency of exchange, cereal is high.
4, the bottom level of shell is equipped with belt conveyer.The side wall of shell is equipped with the guide plate being arranged diagonally downward, Guide plate is located at the top of belt conveyer.So that the cereal fallen from roller can be existed by belt conveyer and feed back pipe It is constantly recycled in drying machine, grain dry is more uniformly, efficiently.
Unseasoned good cereal can be sent to feed back outlet and be recycled by the conveying direction for 5, changing belt conveyer, The dry cereal completed can be sent to discharge port and be discharged again, the structure is simpler, practical.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of grain drying to clean of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the right view of drying machine in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional views in Fig. 1.
Wherein:1- drying machines, 11- shells, 111- feed inlets, 112- feed back entrances, 113- discharge ports, 114- feed backs go out Mouthful, 115- feed back pipes, 116- air inlets, 117- air outlets, 1171- strainers, 118- guide plates, 119- blow-off valves, 12- shafts, 121- motors, the first helical blades of 13-, 14- rollers, 141- sieve pores, the second helical blades of 15-, 16- belt conveyers, 17- are removed Miscellaneous room, 171- impurity discharging ports, 172- adjustable plates, 18- groove bodies, 19- mounting plates, 2- hot air circulating systems, 21- heater boxes, 211- electricity Heating tube, 212- switches, 213- temperature sensors, 22- hot-blast outlets, 23- fresh air inlets, 24- return air inlets, 25- hot air ducts, 251- wind turbines, 26- return air ducts, 261- dedusters.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
Embodiment
Jointly shown, a kind of grain drying to clean by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, including drying machine 1 and hot air circulation System 2.Drying machine 1 includes shell 11 and the shaft 12 being horizontally set on inside shell 11.One end of shaft 12 is installed by the first spiral shell Vane piece 13, the other end install roller 14, and the inner wall of roller 14 is equipped with the second helical blade 15, is evenly equipped on roller 14 several For cereal by sieve pore 141.Shaft 12 is sequentially connected with motor 121.The lower section of first helical blade 13 is equipped with U-shaped groove body 18, groove body 18 is connected with the inner chamber body of roller 14.The lower section of first helical blade 13 be equipped with U-shaped groove body 18, groove body 18 with The inner chamber body of roller 14 is connected, and the cereal into drying machine 1 is all sent by the first helical blade 13 to roller 14, by roller It falls after 14 peptizaiton, dispersion effect is uniform, improves the efficiency of heat exchange, and the drying efficiency of cereal is high.First helical-blade The rotation direction of piece 13 is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade 15.When shaft 12 rotates the first helical blade 13 by cereal to roller 14 Direction conveys, and the cereal for being delivered to roller 14 is rotated in roller 14 and conveyed to the other end of roller 14, and in conveying constantly There is cereal to be fallen from the sieve pore 141 of roller 14 so that the cereal of accumulation is disperseed well.After dispersion cereal and hot-air into The sufficient heat exchange of row, hot-air take away the moisture in cereal, can be good at achieving the purpose that dried grain.
By Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 jointly shown in, the side wall of shell 11 is equipped with the mounting plate 19 being detachably connected, the one of shaft 12 End is rotatably installed on mounting plate 19, and the size of mounting plate 19 is more than the outer diameter of the first helical blade 13, the size of mounting plate 19 More than the outer diameter of roller 14.It, can be directly by shaft 12 together with mounting plate when the parts installed in shaft 12 need to safeguard 19 remove from shell 11 together, dismount and easy to maintain.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the upper end of shell 11 is equipped with feed inlet 111 and feed back entrance 112, and lower end is set There are discharge port 113 and feed back outlet 114, discharge port 113 and feedback outlet to be located at two ends of shell 11, feed back entrance 112 are connected with feed back outlet 114 by feed back pipe 115.The lower end of discharge port 113 is equipped with blow-off valve 119.111 He of feed inlet Feed back entrance 112 is respectively positioned on the top of the first helical blade 13.The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with belt conveyer 16.Shell 11 Side wall be equipped with the guide plate 118 that is arranged diagonally downward, guide plate 118 is located at the top of belt conveyer 16.Need drying Cereal by feed inlet 111 put into drying machine 1, cereal is sent to roller 14 by the first helical blade 13, cereal is sent to roller It is evenly dispersed and falls after 14, and adequately contacted with hot-air and heat exchange, final cereal are collected into the skin of bottom Band transporter 16, send through belt conveyer 16 to feedback outlet.The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with belt conveyer 16.Shell 11 Side wall is equipped with the guide plate 118 being arranged diagonally downward, and guide plate 118 is located at the top of belt conveyer 16.So that from roller 14 cereal fallen can return to drying machine 1 by belt conveyer 16 and feed back pipe 115 from feed back entrance 112, again by It is dry, it so constantly moves in circles so that cereal carries out multiple-contact and heat exchange with hot-air, achievees the purpose that dry.Change Unseasoned good cereal can be sent to feed back outlet 114 and recycle and will do by the conveying direction for becoming belt conveyer 16 The cereal of dry completion send to discharge port 113 and is discharged, and the structure is simpler, practical.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the upper end of shell 11 is equipped with air inlet 116, and middle part is equipped with air outlet 117.Shell The side of body 11 is equipped with coupled logical trash chamber 17, and air outlet 117 is located at the side of trash chamber 17, and the lower end of trash chamber 17 is set There is impurity discharging port 171.It is equipped at air outlet 117 equipped with strainer 1171.The quantity of air inlet 116 is three, three air inlets 116 It is arranged at intervals on the upper end of shell 11.The quantity of air outlet 117 is also three, and three air outlets 117 are arranged at intervals on shell 11 Side.Hot air circulating system 2 is connected with air inlet 116 and air outlet 117.It is hinged with adjustable plate 172 on shell 11, adjusts For plate 172 between trash chamber 17 and shell 11, the entrance size of trash chamber 17 can be adjusted by changing the angle of adjustable plate 172, Achieve the purpose that improve impurity-eliminating effect.When hot wind is discharged from air outlet 117, the stalk or its that density is lighter in cereal can be taken away His impurity, can achieve the effect that removal of impurities, make to clean while grain dry, it is dry after cereal it is cleaner.It adjusts The angle of adjustable plate 172, thus it is possible to vary the impurity-eliminating effect in trash chamber 17.The strainer 1171 installed at air outlet 117 can have Effect reduces the impurity content entered as in hot air circulating system 2, reduces the maintenance cost of hot air circulating system 2, system operation is more Add stabilization.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, hot air circulating system 2 includes heater box 21, and heater box 21 goes out equipped with hot wind Mouth 22, fresh air inlet 23 and return air inlet 24.Electric heating tube 211 is equipped in heater box 21, electric heating tube 211 is electrically connected with switch 212 It connects, switch 212 is arranged in the outside of heater box 21.22 position of hot-blast outlet is equipped with temperature sensor 213.Temperature sensor 213 The temperature at hot-blast outlet 22 can be measured, the heating of electric heating tube 211 can be determined according to the temperature or stops heating, the row of allowing The hot blast temperature gone out maintains in setting range, reaches better energy saving and drying effect.Hot-blast outlet 22 is logical with air inlet 116 Hot air duct 25 is crossed to be connected;Return air inlet 24 is connected by return air duct 26 with air outlet 117.Hot air duct 25 is equipped with wind Machine 251.Return air duct 26 is equipped with deduster 261, and deduster 261 can remove the impurity in circulating air, improve cycling hot The cleanliness factor of wind, reduces the maintenance cost of hot air circulating system 2, and system operation is more stablized.It can be with by hot air circulating system 2 The heat contained in hot wind is reused, it is energy saving, reduce the drying cost of cereal.
In conclusion a kind of grain drying to clean of the utility model, cereal constantly recycle in drying machine It is contacted with hot wind, the drying and removal of impurities of cereal can be carried out automatically, and the higher hot wind of temperature discharged in drying process can Recycling, improves the utilization rate of thermal energy, has simple in structure, and easy to maintain, energy saving, it is excellent that the drying cost of cereal is low etc. Point.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should be included in the utility model made by within the spirit and principle of utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of grain drying to clean, it is characterised in that:Including drying machine, the drying machine includes shell and level Shaft in the enclosure interior is set;The first helical blade is installed in one end of the shaft, and the other end installs roller, the rolling It is evenly equipped with several sieve pores on cylinder;The upper end of the shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back goes out Mouthful, the feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of the shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with out Air port;
The side of the shell is additionally provided with coupled logical trash chamber, and the air outlet is located at the side of the trash chamber.
2. the grain drying according to claim 1 to clean, it is characterised in that:It is described to be hingedly attached to the housing with adjusting Plate, adjustable plate between the trash chamber and the shell, change adjustable plate angle can adjust trash chamber entrance it is big It is small.
3. the grain drying according to claim 1 to clean, it is characterised in that:It is equipped with and sets at the air outlet There is strainer.
4. the grain drying according to claim 1 to clean, it is characterised in that:The lower end of the trash chamber is equipped with Impurity discharging port.
5. the grain drying according to claim 1 to clean, it is characterised in that:Under first helical blade Side is equipped with U-shaped groove body, and the groove body is connected with the inner chamber body of the roller.
6. the grain drying according to claim 3 to clean, it is characterised in that:The feed inlet and feed back entrance It is respectively positioned on the top of first helical blade.
7. the grain drying according to claim 4 to clean, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of the roller is equipped with Second helical blade, the rotation direction of first helical blade are identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade.
8. the grain drying according to claim 5 to clean, it is characterised in that:The bottom level of the shell is set There is belt conveyer.
9. the grain drying according to claim 8 to clean, it is characterised in that:The side wall of the shell is equipped with The guide plate being arranged diagonally downward, the guide plate are located at the top of the belt conveyer.
10. the grain drying according to claim 8 to clean, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the air inlet is Three, three air inlets are arranged at intervals on the upper end of the shell;The quantity of the air outlet is three, is gone out described in three Air port is arranged at intervals on the side of the shell.
CN201820030640.0U 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of grain drying to clean Active CN207763399U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820030640.0U CN207763399U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of grain drying to clean

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820030640.0U CN207763399U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of grain drying to clean

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207763399U true CN207763399U (en) 2018-08-24

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820030640.0U Active CN207763399U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of grain drying to clean

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109282600A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-29 徐得强 A kind of animal husbandry grass seed removal of impurities drying integral machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109282600A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-29 徐得强 A kind of animal husbandry grass seed removal of impurities drying integral machine

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