CN207763418U - A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding - Google Patents

A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207763418U
CN207763418U CN201820030638.3U CN201820030638U CN207763418U CN 207763418 U CN207763418 U CN 207763418U CN 201820030638 U CN201820030638 U CN 201820030638U CN 207763418 U CN207763418 U CN 207763418U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crops
shell
feed
roller
safeguarding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820030638.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
田娟
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
Original Assignee
SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES filed Critical SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
Priority to CN201820030638.3U priority Critical patent/CN207763418U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207763418U publication Critical patent/CN207763418U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Include drying machine the utility model discloses a kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding, drying machine includes the shaft of shell and enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of shaft, and the other end installs roller, has several sieve pores on roller;The upper end of shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back exports, and feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with air outlet;The side wall of shell is equipped with dismountable mounting plate, and on a mounting board, the size of mounting plate is more than the outer diameter of the first helical blade and roller for one end rotational installation of shaft;The bottom of shell is equipped with screw conveyor.A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding of the utility model, the hot wind that crops recycle in drying machine in shuttling movement and drying machine is come into full contact with, and hot wind takes away the moisture contained in crops, realizes the rapid draing of crops, have many advantages, such as it is simple in structure, it is easy to maintain.

Description

A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of agricultural machinery more particularly to a kind of crops cyclic drying convenient for safeguarding Machine.
Background technology
Peasant is after harvesting crops, if processing is dried to crops not in time, humidity can be made containing moisture Crops occur to go rotten, to cause the economic loss of peasant household;In the prior art, large-scale crops drying machine due to price it is high Expensive, common peasant can not pay.Therefore almost all of peasant carries out crops drying by the way of daylight drying.Daylight Drying not only takes up a large area, and time-consuming and laborious, labor intensity is big, also to be influenced by weather, very inconvenient.
Invention content
For disadvantages described above, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:A kind of crops convenient for safeguarding are provided Circulation dryer, the hot wind that crops recycle in drying machine in continuous shuttling movement and drying machine are adequately contacted, heat Wind takes away the moisture contained in crops, realizes the rapid draing of crops, have many advantages, such as it is simple in structure, it is easy to maintain.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding, including drying machine, the drying machine include that shell and level are set Set the shaft in the enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of the shaft, and the other end installs roller, the roller On be evenly equipped with several sieve pores;The upper end of the shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back exports, The feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of the shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with outlet air Mouthful;The side wall of the shell is equipped with the mounting plate being detachably connected, and one end of the shaft is rotatably installed in the mounting plate On, the size of the mounting plate is more than the outer diameter of first helical blade, and the size of the mounting plate is more than the roller Outer diameter.
As an improvement the bottom level of the shell is equipped with screw conveyor.
As an improvement the lower end of the shell is equipped with U-type groove, the screw conveyor is arranged in the U-type groove, Discharge port and feed back outlet are separately positioned on the both ends of the U-type groove bottom.
As an improvement the lower section of first helical blade is equipped with U-shaped groove body, the groove body and the roller Inner chamber body is connected.
As an improvement the feed inlet and feed back entrance are respectively positioned on the top of first helical blade.
As an improvement the rotation direction of first helical blade is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade.
As an improvement the quantity of the air inlet is three, three air inlets are arranged at intervals on the shell Upper end;The quantity of the air outlet is three, and three air outlets are arranged at intervals on the side of the shell.
Above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1, crops continuous shuttling movement in drying machine, hot wind enters from the air inlet of drying machine upper end, from side Air outlet is discharged, and hot wind is adequately contacted in drying machine with crops, and takes away the moisture contained in crops, realizes The rapid draing of crops, has many advantages, such as simple in structure, and heat exchanger effectiveness is high.
2, the side wall of shell is equipped with the mounting plate being detachably connected, and one end of shaft is rotatablely installed on a mounting board, institute The size for stating mounting plate is more than the outer diameter of the first helical blade, and the size of mounting plate is more than the outer diameter of roller, when the in shaft It, can be directly by mounting plate together with shaft and the first helical blade, roller when one helical blade and roller need to safeguard or replace It removes, is installed again after maintenance together.
2, the first helical blade conveys crops to roller direction when shaft rotates, and the crops for being delivered to roller are being rolled It rotates in cylinder and is conveyed to the other end of roller, and constantly there are crops to be fallen from the sieve pore of roller in conveying so that accumulation Crops disperseed well.Crops carry out sufficient heat exchange with hot-air after dispersion, and hot-air is taken away in crops Moisture, can be good at achieving the purpose that dry crops.
3, the bottom level of shell is equipped with screw conveyor, and the lower end of shell is equipped with U-type groove, and screw conveyor is arranged in U In type groove, the crops that roller is fallen can constantly be recycled by screw conveyor and feed back pipe in drying machine, crops It is dry more uniform, efficient.
Unseasoned good crops can be sent to feed back outlet and be followed by the conveying direction for 4, changing screw conveyor Ring, and the dry crops completed can be sent to discharge port and be discharged, the structure is simpler, practical.
5, the lower section of the first helical blade is equipped with U-shaped groove body, and groove body is connected with the inner chamber body of roller, into drying machine Crops all sent to roller by the first helical blade, fall after the peptizaiton of roller, dispersion effect is uniform, improve The drying efficiency of the efficiency of heat exchange, crops is high.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of embodiment convenient for the crops circulation dryer safeguarded of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the right view of drying machine in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional views in Fig. 1.
Wherein:1- drying machines, 11- shells, 111- feed inlets, 112- feed back entrances, 113- discharge ports, 114- feed backs go out Mouthful, 115- feed back pipes, 116- air inlets, 117- air outlets, 1171- strainers, 118-U type grooves, 119- blow-off valves, 12- shafts, 121- motors, the first helical blades of 13-, 14- rollers, 141- sieve pores, the second helical blades of 15-, 16- screw conveyors, 17- are removed Miscellaneous room, 171- impurity discharging ports, 172- adjustable plates, 18- groove bodies, 19- mounting plates, 2- hot air circulating systems, 21- heater boxes, 211- electricity Heating tube, 212- switches, 213- temperature sensors, 22- hot-blast outlets, 23- fresh air inlets, 24- return air inlets, 25- hot air ducts, 251- wind turbines, 26- return air ducts, 261- dedusters.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
Embodiment
It is jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, a kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding, including drying machine 1 and heat Air circulating system 2.Drying machine 1 includes shell 11 and the shaft 12 being horizontally set on inside shell 11.It installs one end of shaft 12 First helical blade 13, the other end install roller 14, and the inner wall of roller 14 is equipped with the second helical blade 15, is evenly distributed on roller 14 Have it is several for crops by sieve pore 141.Shaft 12 is sequentially connected with motor 121.The lower section of first helical blade 13 is equipped with U The groove body 18 of type, groove body 18 are connected with the inner chamber body of roller 14.The lower section of first helical blade 13 is equipped with U-shaped groove body 18, Groove body 18 is connected with the inner chamber body of roller 14, and the crops into drying machine 1 are all sent by the first helical blade 13 to roller 14, it falls after the peptizaiton of roller 14, dispersion effect is uniform, improves the efficiency of heat exchange, the drying efficiency of crops It is high.The rotation direction of first helical blade 13 is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade 15.First helical blade 13 when shaft 12 rotates Crops are conveyed to 14 direction of roller, the crops for being delivered to roller 14 rotate in roller 14 and to the other end of roller 14 Conveying, and constantly there are crops to be fallen from the sieve pore 141 of roller 14 in conveying so that the crops of accumulation are divided well It dissipates.Crops carry out sufficient heat exchange with hot-air after dispersion, and hot-air takes away the moisture in crops, can be good at reaching To the purpose of dry crops.
By Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 jointly shown in, the side wall of shell 11 is equipped with the mounting plate 19 being detachably connected, the one of shaft 12 End is rotatably installed on mounting plate 19, and the size of mounting plate 19 is more than the outer diameter of the first helical blade 13, the size of mounting plate 19 More than the outer diameter of roller 14.It, can be directly by shaft 12 together with mounting plate when the parts installed in shaft 12 need to safeguard 19 remove from shell 11 together, dismount and easy to maintain.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the upper end of shell 11 is equipped with feed inlet 111 and feed back entrance 112, and lower end is set There are discharge port 113 and feed back outlet 114, discharge port 113 and feedback outlet to be located at two ends of shell 11, feed back entrance 112 are connected with feed back outlet 114 by feed back pipe 115.The lower end of discharge port 113 is equipped with blow-off valve 119.111 He of feed inlet Feed back entrance 112 is respectively positioned on the top of the first helical blade 13.The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with screw conveyor 16.
The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with screw conveyor 16.The lower end of shell 11 is equipped with U-type groove 118, screw conveyor 16 are arranged in U-type groove 118, and discharge port 112 and feed back export 114 both ends for being separately positioned on 118 bottom of U-type groove.It needs to do Dry crops put into drying machine 1 by feed inlet 111, are sent crops to roller 14, crops quilt by the first helical blade 13 It is evenly dispersed and falls after sending to roller 14, and adequately contacted with hot-air and heat exchange, final crops are collected To the screw conveyor 16 of bottom, sent to feedback outlet through screw conveyor 16.The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with screw conveyor 16.So that the crops fallen from roller 14 can be returned by screw conveyor 16 and feed back pipe 115 from feed back entrance 112 Drying machine 1 is dried, is so constantly moved in circles again so that crops carry out multiple-contact and heat exchange with hot-air, reach To dry purpose.The conveying direction for changing screw conveyor 16 can send unseasoned good crops to feed back outlet 114 It is recycled, and the dry crops completed can be sent to discharge port 113 and be discharged, the structure is simpler, practical.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the upper end of shell 11 is equipped with air inlet 116, and middle part is equipped with air outlet 117.Shell The side of body 11 is equipped with coupled logical trash chamber 17, and air outlet 117 is located at the side of trash chamber 17, and the lower end of trash chamber 17 is set There is impurity discharging port 171.It is equipped at air outlet 117 equipped with strainer 1171.The quantity of air inlet 116 is three, three air inlets 116 It is arranged at intervals on the upper end of shell 11.The quantity of air outlet 117 is also three, and three air outlets 117 are arranged at intervals on shell 11 Side.Hot air circulating system 2 is connected with air inlet 116 and air outlet 117.It is hinged with adjustable plate 172 on shell 11, adjusts For plate 172 between trash chamber 17 and shell 11, the entrance size of trash chamber 17 can be adjusted by changing the angle of adjustable plate 172, Achieve the purpose that improve impurity-eliminating effect.When hot wind is discharged from air outlet 117, can take away density is lighter in crops stalk or Other impurities can achieve the effect that removal of impurities, clean while so that crops is dried that the crops after drying are cleaner Only.Adjust the angle of adjustable plate 172, thus it is possible to vary the impurity-eliminating effect in trash chamber 17.The strainer 1171 installed at air outlet 117 It can effectively reduce into such as the impurity content in hot air circulating system 2, the maintenance cost of reduction hot air circulating system 2, system Operation is more stablized.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, hot air circulating system 2 includes heater box 21, and heater box 21 goes out equipped with hot wind Mouth 22, fresh air inlet 23 and return air inlet 24.Electric heating tube 211 is equipped in heater box 21, electric heating tube 211 is electrically connected with switch 212 It connects, switch 212 is arranged in the outside of heater box 21.22 position of hot-blast outlet is equipped with temperature sensor 213.Temperature sensor 213 The temperature at hot-blast outlet 22 can be measured, the heating of electric heating tube 211 can be determined according to the temperature or stops heating, the row of allowing The hot blast temperature gone out maintains in setting range, reaches better energy saving and drying effect.Hot-blast outlet 22 is logical with air inlet 116 Hot air duct 25 is crossed to be connected;Return air inlet 24 is connected by return air duct 26 with air outlet 117.Hot air duct 25 is equipped with wind Machine 251.Return air duct 26 is equipped with deduster 261, and deduster 261 can remove the impurity in circulating air, improve cycling hot The cleanliness factor of wind, reduces the maintenance cost of hot air circulating system 2, and system operation is more stablized.It can be with by hot air circulating system 2 The heat contained in hot wind is reused, it is energy saving, reduce the drying cost of crops.
In conclusion a kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding of the utility model, crops are in drying machine Constantly cycle is contacted with hot wind, can carry out the drying and removal of impurities of crops automatically, and the temperature discharged in drying process is higher Hot wind can reuse, improve the utilization rate of thermal energy, have it is simple in structure, it is easy to maintain, it is energy saving, crops it is dry The advantages that dry at low cost.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should be included in the utility model made by within the spirit and principle of utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:Including drying machine, the drying machine includes shell With the shaft for being horizontally set on the enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of the shaft, and the other end installs roller, Several sieve pores are evenly equipped on the roller;The upper end of the shell be equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, lower end be equipped with discharge port and Feed back exports, and the feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of the shell is equipped with air inlet, middle part Equipped with air outlet;
The side wall of the shell is equipped with the mounting plate being detachably connected, and one end of the shaft is rotatably installed in the mounting plate On, the size of the mounting plate is more than the outer diameter of first helical blade, and the size of the mounting plate is more than the roller Outer diameter.
2. the crops circulation dryer according to claim 1 convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:The bottom of the shell Level is equipped with screw conveyor.
3. the crops circulation dryer according to claim 2 convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:The lower end of the shell Equipped with U-type groove, the screw conveyor is arranged in the U-type groove.
4. the crops circulation dryer according to claim 3 convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:First helical-blade The lower section of piece is equipped with U-shaped groove body, and the groove body is connected with the inner chamber body of the roller.
5. the crops circulation dryer according to claim 4 convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:The feed inlet and return Material entrance is respectively positioned on the top of first helical blade.
6. the crops circulation dryer according to claim 5 convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of the roller It is equipped with the second helical blade, the rotation direction of first helical blade is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade.
7. the crops circulation dryer according to claim 6 convenient for safeguarding, it is characterised in that:The number of the air inlet Amount is three, and three air inlets are arranged at intervals on the upper end of the shell;The quantity of the air outlet is three, three institutes State the side that air outlet is arranged at intervals on the shell.
CN201820030638.3U 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding Expired - Fee Related CN207763418U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820030638.3U CN207763418U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820030638.3U CN207763418U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207763418U true CN207763418U (en) 2018-08-24

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820030638.3U Expired - Fee Related CN207763418U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of crops circulation dryer convenient for safeguarding

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110260631A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-09-20 龙岩维妮爵雅环保产品科技有限公司 Fast heated-air drying equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110260631A (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-09-20 龙岩维妮爵雅环保产品科技有限公司 Fast heated-air drying equipment

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180824

Termination date: 20200108