CN207763453U - A kind of novel grain drying system - Google Patents

A kind of novel grain drying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207763453U
CN207763453U CN201820030675.4U CN201820030675U CN207763453U CN 207763453 U CN207763453 U CN 207763453U CN 201820030675 U CN201820030675 U CN 201820030675U CN 207763453 U CN207763453 U CN 207763453U
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China
Prior art keywords
shell
feed back
grain drying
novel grain
drying system
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CN201820030675.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋元萍
石贞芳
靳培英
王启芳
王计新
薛荣
田娟
李肖婷
刘晓秋
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SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
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SHANXI PROVINCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF FARMING MECHANIZATION SCIENCES
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of novel grain drying systems, including drying machine and hot air circulating system;Drying machine includes shell and is horizontally set on the shaft of the enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of shaft, and the other end installs roller, several sieve pores are evenly equipped on roller;The upper end of shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back exports, and feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with air outlet;Hot air circulating system includes heater box, and heater box is connected by hot air duct with air inlet, is connected with air outlet by return air duct.A kind of novel grain drying system of the utility model, the drying of cereal can be carried out automatically, and the higher hot wind of temperature discharged in drying process can reuse, and improve the utilization rate of thermal energy using the novel grain drying system, it is energy saving, reduce the drying cost of cereal.

Description

A kind of novel grain drying system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to technical field of agricultural machinery more particularly to a kind of novel grain drying system.
Background technology
Peasant is after harvesting cereal, if processing is dried to cereal not in time, can make the moist cereal containing moisture Occur to go rotten, to cause the economic loss of peasant household;In the prior art, large-scale crop dryer is due to expensive, commonly Peasant can not pay.Therefore almost all of peasant carries out grain dry by the way of daylight drying.Daylight dries not only It takes up a large area, time-consuming and laborious, labor intensity is big, also to be influenced by weather, very inconvenient.
The drying that cereal is carried out using thermal energy, is needed to expend a large amount of heat, will be made if the utilization rate of thermal energy is not high At higher drying cost.
Invention content
For disadvantages described above, technical problem to be solved in the utility model is:A kind of novel grain drying system is provided, The higher hot wind of temperature that can be carried out the drying of cereal automatically using the novel grain drying system, and be discharged in drying process It can reuse, improve the utilization rate of thermal energy, it is energy saving, reduce the drying cost of cereal.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution of the utility model is:
A kind of novel grain drying system, including drying machine and hot air circulating system;The drying machine includes shell and water The flat shaft being arranged in the enclosure interior;The first helical blade is installed in one end of the shaft, and the other end installs roller, described Several sieve pores are evenly equipped on roller;The upper end of the shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back entrance, and lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back Outlet, the feed back entrance and feed back are exported to be connected by feed back pipe;The upper end of the shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with Air outlet;The hot air circulating system includes heater box, and the heater box is connected by hot air duct with the air inlet, is led to Return air duct is crossed with the air outlet to be connected.
As an improvement the lower section of first helical blade is equipped with U-shaped groove body, the groove body and the roller Inner chamber body is connected.
As an improvement the hot air duct is equipped with wind turbine.
As an improvement the feed inlet and feed back entrance are respectively positioned on the top of first helical blade.
As an improvement the rotation direction of first helical blade is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade.
As an improvement the bottom level of the shell is equipped with belt conveyer.
As an improvement the side wall of the shell is equipped with the guide plate being arranged diagonally downward, the guide plate is located at The top of the belt conveyer.
As an improvement the shaft is connect with motor drive.
As an improvement the quantity of the air inlet is three, three air inlets are arranged at intervals on the shell Upper end;The quantity of the air outlet is three, and three air outlets are arranged at intervals on the side of the shell.
As an improvement the lower end of the discharge port is equipped with blow-off valve.
Above-mentioned technical proposal is used, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:
1, cereal in drying machine continuous shuttling movement, contact with hot wind, can realize the rapid draing of cereal, and dry The higher hot wind of temperature of the air outlet discharge of machine can recycle, and improve the utilization rate of thermal energy, have simple in structure, saving The energy, the advantages such as the drying cost of cereal is low.
2, the first helical blade conveys cereal to roller direction when shaft rotates, and is delivered to the cereal of roller in roller It rotates and is conveyed to the other end of roller, and constantly there is cereal to be fallen from the sieve pore of roller in conveying so that the cereal of accumulation Disperseed well.Cereal carries out sufficient heat exchange with hot-air after dispersion, and hot-air takes away the moisture in cereal, can be very Good achievees the purpose that dried grain.
3, the lower section of the first helical blade is equipped with U-shaped groove body, and groove body is connected with the inner chamber body of roller, into drying machine Cereal all sent to roller by the first helical blade, fall after the peptizaiton of roller, dispersion effect is uniform, improve heat The drying efficiency of the efficiency of exchange, cereal is high.
4, the bottom level of shell is equipped with belt conveyer.The side wall of shell is equipped with the guide plate being arranged diagonally downward, Guide plate is located at the top of belt conveyer.So that the cereal fallen from roller can be existed by belt conveyer and feed back pipe It is constantly recycled in drying machine, grain dry is more uniformly, efficiently.
Unseasoned good cereal can be sent to feed back outlet and be recycled by the conveying direction for 5, changing belt conveyer, The dry cereal completed can be sent to discharge port and be discharged again, the structure is simpler, practical.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of the embodiment of novel grain drying system of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the right view of drying machine in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional views in Fig. 1.
Wherein:1- drying machines, 11- shells, 111- feed inlets, 112- feed back entrances, 113- discharge ports, 114- feed backs go out Mouthful, 115- feed back pipes, 116- air inlets, 117- air outlets, 1171- strainers, 118- guide plates, 119- blow-off valves, 12- shafts, 121- motors, the first helical blades of 13-, 14- rollers, 141- sieve pores, the second helical blades of 15-, 16- belt conveyers, 17- are removed Miscellaneous room, 171- impurity discharging ports, 172- adjustable plates, 18- groove bodies, 19- mounting plates, 2- hot air circulating systems, 21- heater boxes, 211- electricity Heating tube, 212- switches, 213- temperature sensors, 22- hot-blast outlets, 23- fresh air inlets, 24- return air inlets, 25- hot air ducts, 251- wind turbines, 26- return air ducts, 261- dedusters.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose of the utility model, technical solutions and advantages more clearly understood, below in conjunction with attached drawing and implementation Example, the present invention will be further described in detail.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only explaining this Utility model is not used to limit the utility model.
Embodiment
Jointly shown, a kind of novel grain drying system by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, including drying machine 1 and hot air circulating system 2.Drying machine 1 includes shell 11 and the shaft 12 being horizontally set on inside shell 11.One end of shaft 12 is installed by the first helical-blade Piece 13, the other end install roller 14, and the inner wall of roller 14 is equipped with the second helical blade 15, is evenly equipped on roller 14 several for paddy Object by sieve pore 141.Shaft 12 is sequentially connected with motor 121.The lower section of first helical blade 13 is equipped with U-shaped groove body 18, Groove body 18 is connected with the inner chamber body of roller 14.The lower section of first helical blade 13 is equipped with U-shaped groove body 18, groove body 18 and roller 14 inner chamber body is connected, and the cereal into drying machine 1 is all sent by the first helical blade 13 to roller 14, by roller 14 It falls after peptizaiton, dispersion effect is uniform, improves the efficiency of heat exchange, and the drying efficiency of cereal is high.First helical blade 13 Rotation direction it is identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade 15.When shaft 12 rotates the first helical blade 13 by cereal to 14 direction of roller Conveying, the cereal for being delivered to roller 14 is rotated in roller 14 and is conveyed to the other end of roller 14, and is constantly had in conveying Cereal is fallen from the sieve pore 141 of roller 14 so that the cereal of accumulation is disperseed well.Cereal is filled with hot-air after dispersion The heat exchange divided, hot-air take away the moisture in cereal, can be good at achieving the purpose that dried grain.
By Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 jointly shown in, the side wall of shell 11 is equipped with the mounting plate 19 being detachably connected, the one of shaft 12 End is rotatably installed on mounting plate 19, and the size of mounting plate 19 is more than the outer diameter of the first helical blade 13, the size of mounting plate 19 More than the outer diameter of roller 14.It, can be directly by shaft 12 together with mounting plate when the parts installed in shaft 12 need to safeguard 19 remove from shell 11 together, dismount and easy to maintain.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the upper end of shell 11 is equipped with feed inlet 111 and feed back entrance 112, and lower end is set There are discharge port 113 and feed back outlet 114, discharge port 113 and feedback outlet to be located at two ends of shell 11, feed back entrance 112 are connected with feed back outlet 114 by feed back pipe 115.The lower end of discharge port 113 is equipped with blow-off valve 119.111 He of feed inlet Feed back entrance 112 is respectively positioned on the top of the first helical blade 13.The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with belt conveyer 16.Shell 11 Side wall be equipped with the guide plate 118 that is arranged diagonally downward, guide plate 118 is located at the top of belt conveyer 16.Need drying Cereal by feed inlet 111 put into drying machine 1, cereal is sent to roller 14 by the first helical blade 13, cereal is sent to roller It is evenly dispersed and falls after 14, and adequately contacted with hot-air and heat exchange, final cereal are collected into the skin of bottom Band transporter 16, send through belt conveyer 16 to feedback outlet.The bottom level of shell 11 is equipped with belt conveyer 16.Shell 11 Side wall is equipped with the guide plate 118 being arranged diagonally downward, and guide plate 118 is located at the top of belt conveyer 16.So that from roller 14 cereal fallen can return to drying machine 1 by belt conveyer 16 and feed back pipe 115 from feed back entrance 112, again by It is dry, it so constantly moves in circles so that cereal carries out multiple-contact and heat exchange with hot-air, achievees the purpose that dry.Change Unseasoned good cereal can be sent to feed back outlet 114 and recycle and will do by the conveying direction for becoming belt conveyer 16 The cereal of dry completion send to discharge port 113 and is discharged, and the structure is simpler, practical.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, the upper end of shell 11 is equipped with air inlet 116, and middle part is equipped with air outlet 117.Shell The side of body 11 is equipped with coupled logical trash chamber 17, and air outlet 117 is located at the side of trash chamber 17, and the lower end of trash chamber 17 is set There is impurity discharging port 171.It is equipped at air outlet 117 equipped with strainer 1171.The quantity of air inlet 116 is three, three air inlets 116 It is arranged at intervals on the upper end of shell 11.The quantity of air outlet 117 is also three, and three air outlets 117 are arranged at intervals on shell 11 Side.Hot air circulating system 2 is connected with air inlet 116 and air outlet 117.It is hinged with adjustable plate 172 on shell 11, adjusts For plate 172 between trash chamber 17 and shell 11, the entrance size of trash chamber 17 can be adjusted by changing the angle of adjustable plate 172, Achieve the purpose that improve impurity-eliminating effect.When hot wind is discharged from air outlet 117, the stalk or its that density is lighter in cereal can be taken away His impurity, can achieve the effect that removal of impurities, make to clean while grain dry, it is dry after cereal it is cleaner.It adjusts The angle of adjustable plate 172, thus it is possible to vary the impurity-eliminating effect in trash chamber 17.The strainer 1171 installed at air outlet 117 can have Effect reduces the impurity content entered as in hot air circulating system 2, reduces the maintenance cost of hot air circulating system 2, system operation is more Add stabilization.
Jointly shown by Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, hot air circulating system 2 includes heater box 21, and heater box 21 goes out equipped with hot wind Mouth 22, fresh air inlet 23 and return air inlet 24.Electric heating tube 211 is equipped in heater box 21, electric heating tube 211 is electrically connected with switch 212 It connects, switch 212 is arranged in the outside of heater box 21.22 position of hot-blast outlet is equipped with temperature sensor 213.Temperature sensor 213 The temperature at hot-blast outlet 22 can be measured, the heating of electric heating tube 211 can be determined according to the temperature or stops heating, the row of allowing The hot blast temperature gone out maintains in setting range, reaches better energy saving and drying effect.Hot-blast outlet 22 is logical with air inlet 116 Hot air duct 25 is crossed to be connected;Return air inlet 24 is connected by return air duct 26 with air outlet 117.Hot air duct 25 is equipped with wind Machine 251.Return air duct 26 is equipped with deduster 261, and deduster 261 can remove the impurity in circulating air, improve cycling hot The cleanliness factor of wind, reduces the maintenance cost of hot air circulating system 2, and system operation is more stablized.It can be with by hot air circulating system 2 The heat contained in hot wind is reused, it is energy saving, reduce the drying cost of cereal.
In conclusion a kind of novel grain drying system of the utility model, cereal constantly recycles and heat in drying machine Wind contacts, and can carry out the drying and removal of impurities of cereal automatically, and the higher hot wind of temperature discharged in drying process can repeat It utilizes, improves the utilization rate of thermal energy, there are simple in structure, easy to maintain, energy saving, the advantages such as the drying cost of cereal is low.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this All any modification, equivalent and improvement etc., should be included in the utility model made by within the spirit and principle of utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of novel grain drying system, it is characterised in that:Including drying machine and hot air circulating system;
The drying machine includes shell and is horizontally set on the shaft of the enclosure interior;One end of the shaft is installed by the first spiral shell Vane piece, the other end install roller, several sieve pores are evenly equipped on the roller;The upper end of the shell is equipped with feed inlet and feed back Entrance, lower end is equipped with discharge port and feed back exports, and the feed back entrance is exported with feed back to be connected by feed back pipe;
The upper end of the shell is equipped with air inlet, and middle part is equipped with air outlet;The hot air circulating system includes heater box, described to add Hot tank is connected by hot air duct with the air inlet, is connected with the air outlet by return air duct.
2. novel grain drying system according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is set below first helical blade There are U-shaped groove body, the groove body to be connected with the inner chamber body of the roller.
3. novel grain drying system according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The hot air duct is equipped with wind turbine.
4. novel grain drying system according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The feed inlet and the equal position of feed back entrance In the top of first helical blade.
5. novel grain drying system according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The inner wall of the roller is equipped with second Helical blade, the rotation direction of first helical blade are identical as the rotation direction of the second helical blade.
6. novel grain drying system according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The bottom level of the shell is equipped with skin Band transporter.
7. novel grain drying system according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The side wall of the shell, which is equipped with, to be tilted Down-set guide plate, the guide plate are located at the top of the belt conveyer.
8. novel grain drying system according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The shaft is connect with motor drive.
9. novel grain drying system according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The quantity of the air inlet is three, Three air inlets are arranged at intervals on the upper end of the shell;The quantity of the air outlet is three, three air outlets It is arranged at intervals on the side of the shell.
10. novel grain drying system according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The lower end of the discharge port is equipped with row Expect valve.
CN201820030675.4U 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of novel grain drying system Active CN207763453U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820030675.4U CN207763453U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of novel grain drying system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820030675.4U CN207763453U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of novel grain drying system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207763453U true CN207763453U (en) 2018-08-24

Family

ID=63183190

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820030675.4U Active CN207763453U (en) 2018-01-08 2018-01-08 A kind of novel grain drying system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN207763453U (en)

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