CN102886912B - Rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine - Google Patents

Rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102886912B
CN102886912B CN201210348091.9A CN201210348091A CN102886912B CN 102886912 B CN102886912 B CN 102886912B CN 201210348091 A CN201210348091 A CN 201210348091A CN 102886912 B CN102886912 B CN 102886912B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
compression
plunger
barrel
swash plate
forming machine
Prior art date
Application number
CN201210348091.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102886912A (en
Inventor
陈忠加
俞国胜
袁湘月
Original Assignee
北京林业大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 北京林业大学 filed Critical 北京林业大学
Priority to CN201210348091.9A priority Critical patent/CN102886912B/en
Publication of CN102886912A publication Critical patent/CN102886912A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102886912B publication Critical patent/CN102886912B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine, which comprises a base for fixing and supporting the whole briquetting machine. A charging barrel has a hollow structure. Bearings are arranged on the two inner sides of the hollow structure respectively. Inner circles of the bearings are supported on a fixed shaft. A plurality of compression cavities are uniformly distributed on the periphery of the charging barrel. A forming die is arranged at one end of each compression cavity. One end of a compression plunger is inserted into each compression cavity, and the other end of the compression plunger contacts a swash plate. One side of each compression plunger is close to a rolling body, and a resetting spring is arranged on the side. The other side of each resetting spring is supported on the charging barrel. The swash plate is fixedly connected to the fixed shaft. The charging barrel rotates to drive the compression plungers to rotate. The swash plate and the resetting springs drive the compression plungers to reciprocally move, so that materials in the compression cavities are extruded into blocks or particles from the forming dies.

Description

Rotary plunger type biomass forming machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, is a kind of biomass massive fuel forming machine.
Background technology
At present domestic and international biomass forming machine or feedstuff shaping machine, for chippy agriculture and forestry branches and leaves, stalk etc. are compressed into graininess or bulk, ubiquity energy consumption is large, the comparatively serious problem of wearing and tearing.Biomass forming machine involved in the present invention is rotary plunger compression, customer service the mutual wear problem of existing product shaping grinding apparatus, and can guarantee higher production efficiency.
Summary of the invention
A rotary plunger biomass forming machine, comprising: base, for fixing and support whole forming machine; Barrel is hollow structure, and the inner both sides of hollow structure are respectively arranged with bearing, and bearing inner race is supported on fixed axis; On barrel circumference, be evenly distributed with some compression chambers, one end of compression chamber is provided with mould; Compression chamber is inserted in compression plunger one end, and the other end contacts with swash plate, and compression plunger arranges return spring near rolling element one side, and return spring opposite side is supported on barrel; Swash plate is fixedly connected on fixed axis; Barrel rotarilys actuate compression plunger and rotates, and swash plate and return spring drive compression plunger move back and forth, thereby material in compression chamber is extruded from mould.
Swash plate plane and fixed axis axis are angled, and swash plate upper end is away from barrel, and swash plate lower end is near barrel;
On each compression chamber of barrel, charging aperture is all set; The charging aperture that circumferencial direction distributes is all blocked by putty circle except one of top side, and the lower end of putty circle is fixedly connected with base by putty coil support; Each charging aperture rotates one week with barrel, and only when position, top side, charging is once.
Barrel outer wall is fixedly connected with gear or belt wheel, drives barrel to rotate, and barrel drives the compression plunger in compression chamber on it to rotate;
Compression plunger contacts one end with swash plate and is provided with rolling element, rolls and contacts, thereby reduce the frictional force between swash plate and compression plunger, and make compression plunger in rotary course, along self axis direction reciprocating motion with swash plate.
Compression plunger is in reciprocating motion process, and constantly compression enters the material of compression chamber from charging aperture, and extrudes from mould, is shaped to bulk.
Mould can be changed, and outlet there is tapering, push the mould that different types of material is used different taperings.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Accompanying drawing 1 is axonometric drawing of the present invention
Accompanying drawing 2 is cutaway view of the present invention
Figure number explanation
1-base, 1a-gripper shoe one, 1b-gripper shoe two, 2-driving gear, 2a-driving shaft, 3-driven gear, 4-barrel, 4a-charging aperture, 4b-compression chamber, 5-swash plate, 6-fixed axis, 7-mould, 8-bearing one, 9-bearing two, 10-compression plunger, 10a-rolling element, 10b-return spring, 11-putty circle, 11a-putty coil support, 12-nut, 13-axle sleeve.
The specific embodiment
Accompanying drawing 1,2 has provided the specific embodiment of the present invention.Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is described as follows.
This rotary plunger biomass forming machine has base (1), and it act as fixes and support whole forming machine.Driving shaft (2a) is fixedly connected with driving gear (2), and the two is fixedly mounted in the gripper shoe of base (1) by bearing.Driven gear (3) is fixedly connected on barrel (4).Barrel (4) is hollow structure, the inner both sides of hollow structure are respectively arranged with bearing (8) and bearing (9), it is upper that bearing inner race is supported on fixed axis (6), and the two ends of fixed axis (6) are fixedly connected with gripper shoe one (1a), the gripper shoe two (1b) of base (1) respectively.On barrel (4) circumference, be evenly distributed with some compression chambers (4b), one end of compression chamber (4b) is provided with mould (7); Compression chamber (4b) other end is provided with compression plunger (10), compression chamber (4b) is inserted in compression plunger (10) one end, the other end is provided with rolling element (10a) and contacts with swash plate (5), compression plunger (10) arranges return spring (10b) near rolling element one side, and return spring (10b) opposite side is supported on barrel (4).It is upper that swash plate (5) is fixedly connected on fixed axis (6), and the plane of swash plate (5) and fixed axis (6) axis have a certain degree.On each compression chamber (4b) of barrel (4), charging aperture (4a) is all set.The charging aperture (4a) that circumferencial direction distributes is all blocked by putty circle (11) except one of top side, and the lower end of putty circle (11) is fixedly connected with base (1) by putty coil support (11a).
Power, from driving shaft (2a) input, drives driving gear (2) to rotate, and driving gear (2) drives driven gear (3) to rotate, thereby drives barrel (4) to rotate around fixed axis (6).Material enters compression chamber (4b) from the charging aperture (4a) of top side, and barrel (4), when rotating, drives the compression plunger (10) coordinating with compression chamber (4b) to rotate around fixed axis (6).Compression plunger (10) one end rolling element (10a), in the upper rolling of swash plate (5), forces compression plunger (10) compressed material in compression chamber (4b), and extrudes from mould (7) in rolling process.
Compression plunger (10) turns to the position that reaches capacity behind lower side, after this under the effect of return spring (10b) to swash plate (5) one lateral movements, the rolling element (10a) of compression plunger (10) one end remains with swash plate (5) and contacts, and rolls and contact with swash plate (5).
Each charging aperture (4a) just enters material while only going to the top, while going to other position by putty circle (11) sealing, can prevent that material from spilling or material in dust from flying.
Mould (7) can be changed, and while compressing different biomass material, can use the mould (7) of different taperings.

Claims (7)

1. a rotary plunger biomass forming machine, comprising: base, for fixing and support whole forming machine; Barrel is hollow structure, and the inner both sides of hollow structure are respectively arranged with bearing, and bearing inner race is supported on fixed axis; On barrel circumference, be evenly distributed with some compression chambers, one end of compression chamber is provided with mould; Compression chamber is inserted in compression plunger one end, and the other end is provided with rolling element and contacts with swash plate, and compression plunger arranges return spring near rolling element one side, and return spring opposite side is supported on barrel; Swash plate is fixedly connected on fixed axis; Barrel rotarilys actuate compression plunger and rotates, and swash plate and return spring drive compression plunger move back and forth, thereby material in compression chamber is extruded from mould.
2. rotary plunger biomass forming machine as claimed in claim 1, swash plate plane and fixed axis axis are angled, and swash plate upper end is away from barrel, and swash plate lower end is near barrel.
3. rotary plunger biomass forming machine as claimed in claim 1, all arranges charging aperture on each compression chamber of barrel; The charging aperture that circumferencial direction distributes is all blocked by putty circle except one of top side, and the lower end of putty circle is fixedly connected with base by putty coil support; Each charging aperture rotates one week with barrel, and only when position, top side, charging is once.
4. rotary plunger biomass forming machine as claimed in claim 1, barrel outer wall is fixedly connected with gear or belt wheel, drives barrel to rotate, and barrel drives the rotation of the compression plunger in compression chamber it on.
5. rotary plunger biomass forming machine as claimed in claim 1, described rolling element on compression plunger rolls and contacts with swash plate, thereby reduce the frictional force between swash plate and compression plunger, and make compression plunger in rotary course, along self axis direction, realize described reciprocating motion.
6. rotary plunger biomass forming machine as claimed in claim 1, compression plunger is in reciprocating motion process, and constantly compression enters the material of compression chamber from charging aperture, and extrudes from mould.
7. rotary plunger biomass forming machine as claimed in claim 1, mould can be changed, and outlet has tapering, pushes the mould that different types of material is used different taperings.
CN201210348091.9A 2012-10-26 2012-10-26 Rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine CN102886912B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210348091.9A CN102886912B (en) 2012-10-26 2012-10-26 Rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210348091.9A CN102886912B (en) 2012-10-26 2012-10-26 Rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102886912A CN102886912A (en) 2013-01-23
CN102886912B true CN102886912B (en) 2014-11-19

Family

ID=47530687

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210348091.9A CN102886912B (en) 2012-10-26 2012-10-26 Rotating plunger type biomass briquetting machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102886912B (en)

Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103935065B (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-08-12 北京林业大学 A kind of plunger type biomass forming machine
CN103879014B (en) * 2014-03-27 2016-02-24 北京林业大学 Circumference distribution plunger type biomass forming machine
CN104385668B (en) * 2014-11-28 2017-04-05 北京林业大学 Efficient hydraulic biomass forming machine
CN104772923B (en) * 2015-04-14 2017-03-01 北京林业大学 Modularity plunger type biomass forming machine
CN105415738B (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-03-01 河南农业大学 A kind of fluid pressure type straw block forming machine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2053853U (en) * 1989-06-12 1990-03-07 关多友 Filling machine for foods
CN2461300Y (en) * 2000-12-01 2001-11-28 江苏正昌集团有限公司 Mounting extruding mould on puffing machine
CN201268112Y (en) * 2008-10-15 2009-07-08 陈福泽 Full-automatic full-hydraulic four-station compressor for feed and fuel

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2820510B2 (en) * 1990-07-13 1998-11-05 三菱重工業株式会社 Helicopter
JPH09271997A (en) * 1996-04-05 1997-10-21 Sankyo Co Ltd Formation of tablet and device thereof

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2053853U (en) * 1989-06-12 1990-03-07 关多友 Filling machine for foods
CN2461300Y (en) * 2000-12-01 2001-11-28 江苏正昌集团有限公司 Mounting extruding mould on puffing machine
CN201268112Y (en) * 2008-10-15 2009-07-08 陈福泽 Full-automatic full-hydraulic four-station compressor for feed and fuel

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102886912A (en) 2013-01-23

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN205269768U (en) Novel selective crushing double -geared roller crusher
CN201862990U (en) Double-turret combined automatic assembling machine for pump cores
CN102011276B (en) Process for manufacturing rotating shuttle inner shuttle bottom supporting structure
CN101367276A (en) Automatic feeding unit of stamping press
CN105443390B (en) Compressor rolling piston and its manufacturing method
CN101879536B (en) Method for forming helical gear by radial cold extrusion and die thereof
CN204263580U (en) A kind of rotary machine press
CN106270502B (en) A kind of metal powder metallurgy automatic charging, molding machine
CN105414296B (en) With interior vertical tooth-like clutch housing composite spinning former and technique
CN102873899A (en) Straw briquetting machine
CN102689456A (en) Installation equipment for carton handle bar
CN207171630U (en) A kind of Digit Control Machine Tool chip removal pressurizing unit
CN102990966B (en) Double-head mechanical type bar pressing machine
CN106861555A (en) A kind of pressing mechanism
CN207128040U (en) A kind of small-sized workshop processing is extruded to shape device with clay sculpture mould
CN101712210A (en) Method and device for mesh-type compression molding of straw briquetting fuel
CN206498859U (en) A kind of Pu'er tea continuous kneading machine
CN207222672U (en) A kind of Full-automatic punching machine
CN107310016A (en) A kind of small-sized workshop processing is extruded to shape device with clay sculpture mould
CN208800205U (en) A kind of raw material chopper group for Chinese medicine production
CN202893414U (en) Pair-roller type hob grinder
CN103920422A (en) Biomass granulator
CN101596794A (en) A kind of straw extrusion molding machine
CN104148470A (en) Simple dual-drive punching machine
CN202163041U (en) Multi-feeding composite powder forming mechanism of powder forming machine

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant