CN103920422A - Biomass granulator - Google Patents

Biomass granulator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103920422A
CN103920422A CN201410181755.6A CN201410181755A CN103920422A CN 103920422 A CN103920422 A CN 103920422A CN 201410181755 A CN201410181755 A CN 201410181755A CN 103920422 A CN103920422 A CN 103920422A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
granulation machine
rotating shaft
transmission mechanism
biomass granulation
biomass
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201410181755.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐�明
Original Assignee
JIANGXI SHENGZHU LIANCHUANG AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by JIANGXI SHENGZHU LIANCHUANG AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical JIANGXI SHENGZHU LIANCHUANG AGRICULTURE AND FORESTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201410181755.6A priority Critical patent/CN103920422A/en
Publication of CN103920422A publication Critical patent/CN103920422A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses a biomass granulator, which comprises a granulation chamber, a pressure roller assembly and a driving mechanism. According to the biomass granulator, three symmetric eccentric wheels are adopted, so that the biomass granulator is uniformly stressed, and is less prone to damage; a ring die is fixed by a die sleeve to realize fixing and positioning functions; an upper pressure plate can be stably connected with a lower pressure plate through a positioning plate; a transmission structure changes the direction, and simultaneously increases the torsion, so that the effect that the high-power granulator can be driven by a small motor can be achieved.

Description

Biomass granulation machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biomass granulation machine, it is for being processed into highdensity granular fuel by the discarded object of agricultural processing.
Background technology
Biomass granulation machine, by the strong squeezing action of ring mould and pressure roller, is extruded formation particle by material from the nib of ring mould.According to the difference of the configuration of extrusion axis and ring mould, biomass granulation machine can have various structures.
201220344908.0 relate to two roller die biomass granulation machines; comprise hopper, gear-box, power transmission shaft and support; two feeding rollers arranged side by side are set in the lower end of hopper; between two feeding rollers, spout is set; on two power transmission shafts, connect two meshed gears; two gears are fixedly connected with respectively the roller die that is positioned at spout below, and uniform material extrusion hole is set on roller die.Roller die rotates in opposite directions, and biomass material is extruded from material extrusion hole.Material extrusion hole is arranged on roller die, only has the compaction rate of the biomass material that the larger guarantee of pressure between roller die squeezes out.But larger extruding force easily causes the wearing and tearing of roller die.
201210027150.2 relate to biomass granulation machine, comprise frame and a pair of gear, and its gear teeth side opening at gear is fluted.Groove is used for holding biomass material, and the gear teeth are easy to wear.
201320590134.4 relate to the plough groove type mould of biomass granulation machine, and mould one and mould two are housed respectively in the groove of the both sides in frame, and the cylindrical of mould one and mould two in echelon, is provided with grain forming hole at trapezoidal trench bottom.This case is processed into place, mould molding hole face trapezoidal, and forming hole, at trapezoidal bottom land, in the time that raw material drops on the dovetail groove on mould, is limit raw material by dovetail groove, makes it to pass through forming hole.Mould one and mould two push mutually, easily damage equipment.
200720157337.9 relate to Flat die granulating machine, comprise base, motor, gear assembly, granulating chamber and are arranged on the pinch roller of described granulating chamber, and pinch roller below is provided with mould.Pinch roller is multiple, is arranged symmetrically with.Mould is provided with discharge opening, and pinch roller rolls on mould, and biomass material is extruded.For ensureing the pressure of pinch roller and mould, need to adopt extra member to pressurize to pinch roller.
Given this, there are various defects in the granulator of prior art, is necessary further improvement.
Summary of the invention
The present invention proposes a kind of biomass granulation machine, can high yield biomass material be extruded, equipment is stressed evenly simultaneously, not fragile.
Technical scheme of the present invention is achieved in that
A kind of biomass granulation machine, it is characterized in that comprising: granulating chamber, pinch roller assembly, driving mechanism, described granulating chamber comprises die sleeve and ring mould, described die sleeve has an annular groove, described ring mould is arranged in this annular groove, the side of described ring mould is provided with discharge opening more than a row, described pinch roller assembly is by rotating shaft, upper platen, pressing disc and three eccentric wheel compositions, described rotating shaft connects described lower wheel disc, described eccentric two ends are rotatably connected to respectively on described upper platen and pressing disc, described eccentric wheel is positioned at described granulating chamber, described driving mechanism is at least made up of motor and transmission mechanism, the output of described motor is connected to described transmission mechanism, described transmission mechanism is connected to described rotating shaft.
In biomass granulation machine of the present invention, described eccentric wheel is arranged on described pressing disc symmetrically.
In biomass granulation machine of the present invention, described pinch roller assembly also comprises three location-plates, and described location-plate connects described upper platen and pressing disc.
In biomass granulation machine of the present invention, described location-plate and eccentric wheel are arranged spaced reciprocally.
In biomass granulation machine of the present invention, described transmission mechanism comprises a train of reduction gears and a conical gear group, and the output of described motor is connected with described conical gear group, and described rotating shaft is connected with described train of reduction gears.
Implement this biomass granulation machine of the present invention, there is following beneficial effect: adopt three symmetrical eccentric wheels, guarantee equipment is stressed evenly, not fragile.Die sleeve is fixed up ring mould, plays fixing and positioning action.Location-plate can stably connect platen and pressing disc.Drive mechanism changes the nyctitropic torsion that simultaneously improves, and can play the effect of small machine drive large equipment.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of biomass granulation machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the perspective view of Fig. 1, and it has mainly shown the schematic diagram of transmission mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the partial view of Fig. 1, has mainly shown the part-structure of pinch roller assembly and granulating chamber;
Fig. 4 is the explosive view of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the cutaway view of a state of Fig. 3;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram under another state of Fig. 5.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.
Of the present invention this biomass granulation machine as shown in Figures 1 to 6, it comprises: frame 1, granulating chamber 2, pinch roller assembly 3, driving mechanism 4.The bearing carrier that frame 1 is whole equipment, it can adopt metal to cast.
Described granulating chamber 2 comprises die sleeve 21 and ring mould 22, and described die sleeve 21 has an annular groove 211, and described ring mould 22 is arranged in this annular groove 211, and the side of described ring mould 22 is provided with many row's discharge openings 221.Die sleeve 21 is fixed in frame 1, and ring mould 22 is fixed on die sleeve 21.Due to the existence of die sleeve 21, in the extrusion process of eccentric wheel 34, ring mould 22 is difficult for mobile.
Described pinch roller assembly 3 is made up of rotating shaft 31, upper platen 32, pressing disc 33 and three eccentric wheels 34.Rotating shaft 31 is connected with frame 1 by a bearing 311, and described rotating shaft 31 connects described pressing disc 33, and the two ends of described eccentric wheel 34 are rotatably connected to respectively on described upper platen 32 and pressing disc 33, and described eccentric wheel 34 is positioned at described granulating chamber 2.In figure, three described eccentric wheels 34 are arranged on described pressing disc 33 symmetrically.Described pinch roller assembly 3 also comprises three location-plates 35, and described location-plate 35 connects described upper platen 32 and pressing disc 33.Described location-plate 35 is arranged spaced reciprocally with eccentric wheel 34.
Described driving mechanism 4 is at least made up of motor (not shown) and transmission mechanism, and the output of described motor is connected to described transmission mechanism, and described transmission mechanism is connected to described rotating shaft 31.Described transmission mechanism comprises a train of reduction gears 41 and a conical gear group 42, and the output of described motor is connected with described conical gear group 42, and described rotating shaft 31 is connected with described train of reduction gears 41.
As Fig. 5,6, in use, biomass material enters granulating chamber 2, and motor drives pinch roller assembly 3 to rotate by transmission mechanism.In rotating shaft 31 rotation processes, eccentric wheel 34 rotations, periodically grind biomass material clamp-on discharge opening 221.Transmission mechanism commutation speed governing, realize small machine and drive whole granulator.Three eccentric wheels 34 are arranged symmetrically with, and pressure is cancelled out each other, and reduce wearing and tearing.Die sleeve 21 adopts the mode retainer ring mould 22 of circular orientation, Stability Analysis of Structures.Obviously the technical problem that, the present invention faces is solved.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any amendment of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. a biomass granulation machine, it is characterized in that comprising: granulating chamber, pinch roller assembly, driving mechanism, described granulating chamber comprises die sleeve and ring mould, described die sleeve has an annular groove, described ring mould is arranged in this annular groove, the side of described ring mould is provided with discharge opening more than a row, described pinch roller assembly is by rotating shaft, upper platen, pressing disc and three eccentric wheel compositions, described rotating shaft connects described lower wheel disc, described eccentric two ends are rotatably connected to respectively on described upper platen and pressing disc, described eccentric wheel is positioned at described granulating chamber, described driving mechanism is at least made up of motor and transmission mechanism, the output of described motor is connected to described transmission mechanism, described transmission mechanism is connected to described rotating shaft.
2. biomass granulation machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described eccentric wheel is arranged on described pressing disc symmetrically.
3. biomass granulation machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described pinch roller assembly also comprises three location-plates, and described location-plate connects described upper platen and pressing disc.
4. biomass granulation machine according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described location-plate and eccentric wheel are arranged spaced reciprocally.
5. biomass granulation machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described transmission mechanism comprises a train of reduction gears and a conical gear group, and the output of described motor is connected with described conical gear group, and described rotating shaft is connected with described train of reduction gears.
CN201410181755.6A 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Biomass granulator Pending CN103920422A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410181755.6A CN103920422A (en) 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Biomass granulator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201410181755.6A CN103920422A (en) 2014-05-04 2014-05-04 Biomass granulator

Publications (1)

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CN103920422A true CN103920422A (en) 2014-07-16

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CN (1) CN103920422A (en)

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105268373A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-27 安徽鼎梁生物能源科技开发有限公司 Press roller assembly for granulator
CN105419900A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-03-23 浙江格尔减速机有限公司 Biomass fuel granulator
CN106140013A (en) * 2015-05-27 2016-11-23 东莞市圣珂新能源环保科技有限公司 Biomass horizontal ring dies granulation mechanism
CN106140012A (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-11-23 重庆永续圣珂生物能源投资有限公司 Biomass upright ring die pelletizing mechanism
CN106582958A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 Biomass energy fuel pelleter
CN106925182A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-07 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of vertical granule-forming machine cylinder formula main motion structure
CN107597023A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 宁波暴雪信息技术开发有限公司 A kind of full-automatic novel biological particles equipment

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3752632A (en) * 1970-10-30 1973-08-14 Heesen Nv Simon Press for forming granular material
JPH1119927A (en) * 1997-03-07 1999-01-26 Ciba Specialty Chem Holding Inc Method and device for manufacture granulate
CN1256994A (en) * 1998-10-08 2000-06-21 联合加工机械公司 Granulator with fixed plastics mould
CN102580613A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-18 王金贵 Biomass granulator
CN202683167U (en) * 2012-07-17 2013-01-23 何文富 Double-roller die biomass particle machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3752632A (en) * 1970-10-30 1973-08-14 Heesen Nv Simon Press for forming granular material
JPH1119927A (en) * 1997-03-07 1999-01-26 Ciba Specialty Chem Holding Inc Method and device for manufacture granulate
CN1256994A (en) * 1998-10-08 2000-06-21 联合加工机械公司 Granulator with fixed plastics mould
CN102580613A (en) * 2012-02-08 2012-07-18 王金贵 Biomass granulator
CN202683167U (en) * 2012-07-17 2013-01-23 何文富 Double-roller die biomass particle machine

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
王洪荣主编: "《粗饲料资源高效利用》", 31 January 2012 *

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106140012A (en) * 2015-04-17 2016-11-23 重庆永续圣珂生物能源投资有限公司 Biomass upright ring die pelletizing mechanism
CN106140013A (en) * 2015-05-27 2016-11-23 东莞市圣珂新能源环保科技有限公司 Biomass horizontal ring dies granulation mechanism
CN105268373A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-01-27 安徽鼎梁生物能源科技开发有限公司 Press roller assembly for granulator
CN105419900A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-03-23 浙江格尔减速机有限公司 Biomass fuel granulator
CN105419900B (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-11-21 浙江格尔减速机有限公司 Biomass fuel pellet machine
CN106582958A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 Biomass energy fuel pelleter
CN106925182A (en) * 2017-05-04 2017-07-07 江苏金梧实业股份有限公司 A kind of vertical granule-forming machine cylinder formula main motion structure
CN107597023A (en) * 2017-10-31 2018-01-19 宁波暴雪信息技术开发有限公司 A kind of full-automatic novel biological particles equipment

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