CN203864055U - Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine - Google Patents

Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203864055U
CN203864055U CN201420141871.0U CN201420141871U CN203864055U CN 203864055 U CN203864055 U CN 203864055U CN 201420141871 U CN201420141871 U CN 201420141871U CN 203864055 U CN203864055 U CN 203864055U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
eccentric disc
plunger
forming machine
cylinder
guide cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201420141871.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈忠加
俞洋
俞国胜
袁湘月
肖爱平
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Beijing Forestry University
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Beijing Forestry University
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Forestry University filed Critical Beijing Forestry University
Priority to CN201420141871.0U priority Critical patent/CN203864055U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN203864055U publication Critical patent/CN203864055U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine, and belongs to the technical field of agroforestry machines. The circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine aims at compressing agroforestry biomass powder and crushed aggregates into particles or blocks to be used as feed or fuel. The circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine comprises a circular base for fixing and supporting the whole forming machine. A drive shaft is installed on a lower bearing block through a center hole of the circular base and sleeved with an eccentric disc. A guide barrel is fixedly connected with the position, close to the outer edge, of the upper end face of the circular base, a plurality of guide holes are formed in the circumferential direction of the guide barrel, and a guide sleeve is arranged in the guide barrel. A plunger is arranged in the guide sleeve, and the head of the plunger is tangent to the eccentric disc. A forming barrel is fixedly connected to the outer edge of the circular base, a plurality of die installing holes are formed in the circumferential direction of the forming barrel, and the die installing holes and the guide holes are coaxial. Forming dies are fixedly connected into the die installing holes. The drive shaft rotates to drive the eccentric disc to rotate, the eccentric disc drives the plunger to move in the guide sleeve, and then materials located between the forming barrel and the guide barrel are formed in an extruded mode through the forming dies.

Description

Circumferentially distribution plunger type biomass forming machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural machinery technological field, is a kind of circumferentially distribution plunger type biomass forming machine.
Background technology
At present domestic and international biomass forming machine, for chippy agriculture and forestry branches and leaves, stalk etc. are compressed into graininess or bulk, adopts ring mould or flat-die forming principle conventionally, exists energy consumption large, pressure roller and the comparatively serious problem of mould wearing and tearing.Biomass forming machine involved in the present invention is plunger compression, has overcome wear problem between existing product shaping grinding apparatus and pressure roller, and can ensure higher production efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to provide a kind of high-efficiency low energy consumption biomass fuel, feedstuff shaping machine, by powdered biomass such as leaf less particle diameter, branch, stalk, sawdusts, is compressed into graininess or bulk.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is that a kind of circumferentially distribution plunger type biomass forming machine, comprising: cup dolly (3), and horizontally disposed, for fixing and support whole forming machine; Step (2) is fixedly connected with cup dolly (3), and driving shaft (1) is arranged on step (2) by cup dolly (3) centre bore; Upper apart from cup dolly (3) the sheathed eccentric disc of upper surface certain distance (4) at driving shaft (1); Cup dolly (3) upper surface approaches outer edge and is fixedly connected with guide cylinder (5), guide cylinder (5) circumferencial direction arranges some pilot holes, pilot hole axis is coplanar and vertical with driving shaft (1) axis, fairlead (6) is arranged in pilot hole, and is fixedly connected with guide cylinder (5); Plunger (14) is set in fairlead (6), and plunger (14) head and eccentric disc (4) keep tangent; Cup dolly (3) upper surface outer edge is fixedly connected with moulding cylinder (8), and moulding cylinder (8) circumferencial direction arranges some mould installing holes, mould installing hole axis and pilot hole axis conllinear; In mould installing hole, be fixedly connected with mould (7); Moulding cylinder (8) upper surface is fixedly connected with fixed cap (10), and driving shaft (1) passes from fixed cap (10) centre bore, and is connected with top chock (9), and top chock (9) is fixedly connected with fixed cap (10); Driving shaft (1) drives eccentric disc (4) to rotate while rotation, eccentric disc (4) actuation plunger (14) is moved in fairlead (6), the material being positioned between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5) is clamp-oned to mould (7), and outwards extrusion molding.
Described eccentric disc (4) upper end certain distance, at the upper sheathed connection material toggling dish (12) of driving shaft (1), along diametric(al), projection is set at material toggling dish (12) edge, material toggling sheet (13) is set on projection, material toggling sheet (13) is positioned between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5), can material toggling when rotation, make material loosening even.
Described eccentric disc (4) is cylindrical, its external cylindrical surface axis is parallel with axis hole axis not to be overlapped, axis hole axis is eccentric disc (4) minor face to the beeline of external cylindrical surface bus, and inner cylinder face axis is the long limit of eccentric disc (4) to the longest distance of external cylindrical surface bus; Described material toggling sheet (13) is in eccentric disc (4) minor face top, synchronizes rotation with eccentric disc (4), while avoiding rotating and plunger (14) collide.
Described plunger (14) comprises rolling element seat (18), the built-in rolling element in rolling element seat (18) one end (17), and rolling element (17) contacts with described eccentric disc (4), and rolling element seat (18) other end is fixedly connected with plunger rod (19); Described fairlead (6) is outer arranges back-moving spring (15), and back-moving spring (15) one end contacts with rolling element seat (18), and the other end contacts with guide cylinder (5) inner surface, so that rolling element (17) contacts with eccentric disc (4) all the time.
Some material spilling holes (20) are offered at described fixed cap (10) edge, and material can be fallen between below moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5) in annular space (21) by material spilling hole (20).
Described moulding cylinder (8) upper end arranges hopper (11), for holding material.
Described material toggling dish (12) upper end-face edge arranges annular groove sealing strip is installed, and forms sealing between fixed cap (10); Material toggling dish (12) lower edge arranges annular groove sealing strip is installed, and forms sealing between guide cylinder (5).
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the cutaway view that the present invention removes motor and motor base
Fig. 2 is overall structure figure of the present invention
Fig. 3 is the structure chart that the present invention removes material toggling dish, fixed cap and top chock
Fig. 4 is fixed cap structure chart
Fig. 5 is material toggling dish and material toggling chip architecture figure
Fig. 6 is the structure chart of plunger
figure number explanation
1-driving shaft, 2-step, 3-cup dolly, 4-eccentric disc, 5-guide cylinder, 6-fairlead, 7-mould, 8-moulding cylinder, 9-top chock, 10-fixed cap, 11-hopper, 12-material toggling dish, 13-material toggling sheet, 14-plunger, 15-back-moving spring, 16-reducing motor, 17-rolling element, 18-rolling element seat, 19-plunger rod, 20-material spilling hole, 21-annular space, 22-motor base.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and Reference numeral, this invention specific embodiment is described.
It is upper that reducing motor (16) is arranged on motor base (22), and motor base (22) is fixed on cup dolly (3) below.Reducing motor (16) axle straight up, is fixedly connected with driving shaft (1); Step (2) is fixedly mounted on cup dolly (3) lower surface central hole, act as installation, supporting driving shaft (1).Cup dolly (3) top certain distance arranges eccentric disc (4) on driving shaft (1), is connected by key with driving shaft (1).
Eccentric disc (4) is cylindrical, its external cylindrical surface axis is parallel with axis hole axis not to be overlapped, axis hole axis is eccentric disc (4) minor face to the beeline of external cylindrical surface bus, and inner cylinder face axis is the long limit of eccentric disc (4) to the longest distance of external cylindrical surface bus.
Cup dolly (3) upper end arranges two cylinders, the cylinder that diameter is less is guide cylinder (5), guide cylinder (5) circumferencial direction arranges some pilot holes, pilot hole axis is coplanar and vertical with driving shaft (1) axis, fairlead (6) is arranged in pilot hole, and is fixedly connected with guide cylinder (5); Plunger (14) is set in fairlead (6), and the rolling element (17) of plunger (14) one end keeps tangent with eccentric disc (4); Rolling element (17) is positioned at rolling element seat (18), rolling element seat (18) other end is fixedly connected with plunger rod (19), between rolling element seat (18) and guide cylinder (5), back-moving spring (15) is set, and back-moving spring (15) is set on fairlead (6).Eccentric disc (4) minor face bus is when tangent with rolling element (17), and plunger (14) outwards moves, and while turning to long edges generating line along with eccentric disc (4), under action of reset spring, plunger (14) is pressed towards driving shaft (1) axis direction.
The cylinder that diameter is larger is moulding cylinder (8), is fixed on cup dolly (3) upper surface outer edge; Moulding cylinder (8) circumferencial direction arranges some mould installing holes, the pilot hole axis conllinear of mould installing hole axis and guide cylinder (5); In mould installing hole, be fixedly connected with mould (7).
Eccentric disc (4) upper end certain distance, at the upper sheathed connection material toggling dish (12) of driving shaft (1), along diametric(al), a projection is set in outside, material toggling dish (12) edge, material toggling sheet (13) is set on projection, material toggling sheet (13) is positioned between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5), can material toggling when rotation, make material loosening even.Between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5), annular space (21) is material region.
Moulding cylinder (8) upper surface is fixedly connected with fixed cap (10), and driving shaft (1) passes from fixed cap (10) centre bore, and is connected with top chock (9), and top chock (9) is fixedly connected with fixed cap (10); Driving shaft (1) drives eccentric disc (4) to rotate while rotation, eccentric disc (4) actuation plunger (14) is moved in fairlead (6), plunger (14) is under the acting in conjunction of eccentric disc (4) and back-moving spring (15), in fairlead (6), move back and forth, the and constantly material being positioned between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5) is clamp-oned to mould (7), and outwards extrusion molding.
Material toggling dish (4) is connected by key with driving shaft (1), material toggling dish (4) rotates and drives material toggling sheet (13) to rotate, material toggling dish is positioned at eccentric disc (4) minor face top, and remains at above minor face in the time rotating, and can ensure that material toggling sheet (13) do not collide with plunger (14).Eccentric disc arranges several lightening holes on (4), ground energy consumption while rotation to reduce.
There is hopper (11) fixed cap (10) upper end, when the material in annular space (21) is compressed extrude reduce time, the interior material of hopper (11) can fall in annular space (21) in the material spilling hole of fixed disk (10) (20).
Material toggling dish (12) upper end-face edge arranges annular groove sealing strip is installed, and forms sealing between fixed cap (10); Material toggling dish (12) lower edge arranges annular groove sealing strip is installed, and forms sealing between guide cylinder (5), and the sealing function at two positions is to prevent that material from entering guide cylinder (5) inside.

Claims (7)

1. a circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine, comprising: cup dolly (3), and horizontally disposed, for fixing and support whole forming machine; Step (2) is fixedly connected with cup dolly (3), and driving shaft (1) is arranged on step (2) by cup dolly (3) centre bore; Upper apart from cup dolly (3) the sheathed eccentric disc of upper surface certain distance (4) at driving shaft (1); Cup dolly (3) upper surface approaches outer edge and is fixedly connected with guide cylinder (5), guide cylinder (5) circumferencial direction arranges some pilot holes, pilot hole axis is coplanar and vertical with driving shaft (1) axis, fairlead (6) is arranged in pilot hole, and is fixedly connected with guide cylinder (5); Plunger (14) is set in fairlead (6), and plunger (14) head and eccentric disc (4) keep tangent; Cup dolly (3) upper surface outer edge is fixedly connected with moulding cylinder (8), and moulding cylinder (8) circumferencial direction arranges some mould installing holes, the pilot hole axis conllinear of mould installing hole axis and guide cylinder (5); In mould installing hole, be fixedly connected with mould (7); Moulding cylinder (8) upper surface is fixedly connected with fixed cap (10), and driving shaft (1) passes from fixed cap (10) centre bore, and is connected with top chock (9), and top chock (9) is fixedly connected with fixed cap (10); Driving shaft (1) drives eccentric disc (4) to rotate while rotation, eccentric disc (4) actuation plunger (14) is moved in fairlead (6), the material being positioned between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5) is clamp-oned to mould (7), and outwards extrusion molding.
2. the one as claimed in claim 1 plunger type biomass forming machine that circumferentially distributes, it is characterized in that: described eccentric disc (4) upper end certain distance, at the upper sheathed connection material toggling dish (12) of driving shaft (1), along diametric(al), projection is set at material toggling dish (12) edge, material toggling sheet (13) is set on projection, material toggling sheet (13) is positioned between moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5), can material toggling when rotation, make material loosening even.
3. the one as claimed in claim 2 plunger type biomass forming machine that circumferentially distributes, it is characterized in that: described eccentric disc (4) is for cylindrical, its external cylindrical surface axis is parallel with axis hole axis not to be overlapped, axis hole axis is eccentric disc (4) minor face to the beeline of external cylindrical surface bus, and inner cylinder face axis is the long limit of eccentric disc (4) to the longest distance of external cylindrical surface bus; Described material toggling sheet (13) is in eccentric disc (4) minor face top, synchronizes rotation with eccentric disc (4), while avoiding rotating and plunger (14) collide.
4. the one as claimed in claim 1 plunger type biomass forming machine that circumferentially distributes, it is characterized in that: described plunger (14) comprises rolling element seat (18), the built-in rolling element in rolling element seat (18) one end (17), rolling element (17) contacts with described eccentric disc (4), and rolling element seat (18) other end is fixedly connected with plunger rod (19); Described fairlead (6) is outer arranges back-moving spring (15), and back-moving spring (15) one end contacts with rolling element seat (18), and the other end contacts with guide cylinder (5) inner surface, so that rolling element (17) contacts with eccentric disc (4) all the time.
5. the one as claimed in claim 1 plunger type biomass forming machine that circumferentially distributes, it is characterized in that: some material spilling holes (20) are offered at described fixed cap (10) edge, material can be fallen between below moulding cylinder (8) and guide cylinder (5) in annular space (21) by material spilling hole (20).
6. the one as claimed in claim 1 plunger type biomass forming machine that circumferentially distributes, is characterized in that: described moulding cylinder (8) upper end arranges hopper (11), for holding material.
7. the one as claimed in claim 2 plunger type biomass forming machine that circumferentially distributes, is characterized in that: described material toggling dish (12) upper end-face edge arranges annular groove sealing strip is installed, and forms sealing between fixed cap (10); Material toggling dish (12) lower edge arranges annular groove sealing strip is installed, and forms sealing between guide cylinder (5).
CN201420141871.0U 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN203864055U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420141871.0U CN203864055U (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420141871.0U CN203864055U (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN203864055U true CN203864055U (en) 2014-10-08

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ID=51645038

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201420141871.0U Withdrawn - After Issue CN203864055U (en) 2014-03-27 2014-03-27 Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103879014A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-06-25 北京林业大学 Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine
CN104772923A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-07-15 北京林业大学 Modular plunger type biomass forming machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103879014A (en) * 2014-03-27 2014-06-25 北京林业大学 Circumferential distribution plunger type biomass forming machine
CN103879014B (en) * 2014-03-27 2016-02-24 北京林业大学 Circumference distribution plunger type biomass forming machine
CN104772923A (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-07-15 北京林业大学 Modular plunger type biomass forming machine

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20141008

Effective date of abandoning: 20160224

C25 Abandonment of patent right or utility model to avoid double patenting