CN201776928U - Flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with two die plates - Google Patents

Flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with two die plates Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201776928U
CN201776928U CN2009202997743U CN200920299774U CN201776928U CN 201776928 U CN201776928 U CN 201776928U CN 2009202997743 U CN2009202997743 U CN 2009202997743U CN 200920299774 U CN200920299774 U CN 200920299774U CN 201776928 U CN201776928 U CN 201776928U
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mould
forming
die
pressure roller
roller
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2009202997743U
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Chinese (zh)
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孙永超
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides a flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with an upper die plate compression roller and a lower die plate compression roller, wherein the upper die plate compression roller is responsible for grinding material, and the lower die plate compression roller and forming cylinders mounted on the two die plates are responsible for extrusion forming of material, so as to avoid the mixing of ground material and new material and improve the compressed straw stalk forming efficiency. The die plates and the forming cylinders are designed in a split-type manner, so that the manufacturing cost of equipment is reduced, and meanwhile the maintenance cost of equipment is reduced. Heat insulating material is arranged at the parts of the forming cylinders exposed from the die plates, so that the heat-insulating and energy-saving functions are achieved; and the forming cylinders are columned, and the feed hole of the forming cylinder takes the shape of a horn mouth so as to facilitate the feeding and improve the production efficiency.

Description

Bimodulus dish flat-die stalk briquette make-up machine
Technical field:
The utility model relates to a kind of straw compound stalk forming equipment, exactly is a kind of flat-die straw compound stalk forming machine of two moulds up and down that has.
Background technology:
Present agricultural crop straw compound stalk forming technology mainly contains: three kinds of screw extruding bri quetting, punch forming and rolls forming, wherein roll forming is divided into ring mould roll forming and flat-die roll forming again.
Flat-die roll-in stalk briquette make-up machine (is called for short: flat-die stalk briquette make-up machine), with its simple in equipment, cheap, advantage such as adaptability to raw material is strong, be used widely.
Flat-die stalk briquette make-up machine in the market all has only a cover mould pressure roller, this cover mould pressure roller had both been born stalk is ground (mainly is to destroy the surperficial wax coat that gets of stalk, be convenient to stalk forming) function, bear again stalk be pressed into nib, the compression stalk forming function.Same set of mould pressure roller is finished above-mentioned two functions simultaneously, during design, is difficult to take into account.This design also makes new material mix mutually with the material that ground easily, and two kinds of materials enter nib simultaneously, cause difficult forming, and stifled easily machine at the bottom of the ratio of briquetting, reduces production efficiency.In addition, it is exactly forming tube that flat-die is in the market pressed the nib of stalk formation of lots machine, and promptly mould and forming tube are structure as a whole, in case the nib wearing and tearing just need to change whole mill, maintenance of equipment work amount is big, and maintenance cost is higher.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome above-mentioned defective, a kind of flat-die stalk briquette make-up machine that has two cover mould pressure rollers is provided, two cover mould pressure rollers are undertaken the function of grinding and compression forming respectively, have improved production efficiency and ratio of briquetting.In addition, mould and forming tube split manufacture and design, and only need be replaced with type tube behind the wear, mould can with the same life-span of machine, reduced the maintenance of equipment cost.Cause mould is not up and down all undertaken the function of moulding, and that can make is thinner relatively, and to save material, its machining accuracy is also less demanding, directly casting.Simultaneously, because of single forming tube volume is little, in light weight, processing and heat treatment are all very convenient.Reduced the device fabrication cost.
The solution of the present invention is made up of drive motors, decelerator, main shaft, feed hopper, last mould, last pressure roller, following mould, lower compression roller, forming tube etc.Its design feature is that motor passes through the decelerator drive shaft, and main shaft drives upper and lower pressure roller, pressure roller when main shaft revolves round the sun also around the pressure roller shaft rotation.During production, stalk enters from feed hopper, directly drop on the mould, the last pressure roller that main shaft drives continuously rolls across the bed of material, after the raw material crushing, from nib, fall on the counterdie dish, the continuously roll extrusion of lower compression roller that drives through main shaft again, material is squeezed into the forming tube that is installed in down on the mould, experiences processes such as extrusion modling, guarantor's type in forming tube, last briquetting finished product is extruded with the cylinder state, discharges (as shown in Figure 1) through discharging opening.
The design of patrix panel surface has the therefrom straight-tooth of mind-set radiation all around, and there are two circle nibs (as shown in Figure 2) mould inside.Last pressure roller is designed to cylindrical, and roller surface is provided with straight-tooth and since cylindrical roller on the mould when main shaft rolls, the linear velocity of its inside and outside circle is inconsistent, pressure roller forms slip to mould, helps grinding material (as shown in Figure 4).Following mould is a planar structure, and there is a circle nib mould inside, and forming tube (as shown in Figure 3) is installed in the nib.Lower compression roller is designed to taper shape, and when guaranteeing that pressure roller rolls on mould, its inside and outside circle linear velocity reduces resistance always, and roller surface is provided with straight-tooth (as shown in Figure 5).Forming tube is designed to cylindrical, promptly saves material, is convenient to processing and installation again, the forming tube charging aperture is designed to bell mouth shape, and the charging aperture inner surface becomes 25 degree angles with its axis, be convenient to material and enter forming tube, its lower end inner surface is cylindrical, is convenient to material forming and conformal (as shown in Figure 6).After forming tube was installed on the mould, the part of exposing mould below was incubated with insulation material, was beneficial to be held in the type tube temperature, was convenient to the thawing of lignin in the material, helped the material molding bonded, saved the energy (as shown in Figure 4).
Advantage of the present invention is simple in structure, and equipment making is convenient, and low cost of manufacture operates steadily, the output height, and the ratio of briquetting height, energy consumption is low.
Be described in further detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is a mould structural representation on the utility model;
Fig. 3 is mould structure and a forming tube scheme of installation under the utility model;
Fig. 4 is a roller structure schematic diagram on the utility model;
Fig. 5 is the utility model lower compression roller structural representation;
Fig. 6 is the utility model forming tube structural representation.
The specific embodiment:
Motor 1 shown in the accompanying drawing 1 is by 3 rotations of decelerator 2 drive shaft, and main shaft 3 drives goes up pressure roller 4 and lower compression roller 5, on last mould 6 and following mould 7, move in a circle respectively around main shaft 3, simultaneously, under the effect of frictional force, respectively around self axle 8 and 9 rotation.Material enters from feed hopper 10, drops on the mould 6, after rolling by last pressure roller 4, drops on down on the mould 7 through nib 11, is pressed down roller 5 again and clamp-ons forming tube 12, and material is squeezed into cylindric finished product in forming tube, discharges through discharging opening 13.
Design has two circle nibs 11 on the last mould shown in the accompanying drawing 2, and nib is mainly born the effect of sieve aperture, and material only reaches certain particle, could leak down from nib.Design has the straight-tooth 14 of therefrom mind-set circumference radiation on the last mould, increases friction on the one hand, is beneficial to the pressure roller rotation, helps shredding material on the other hand.
Design has a circle nib 15 on the following mould shown in the accompanying drawing 3, and forming tube 12 is installed in the nib, and the forming tube lower end is equipped with insulation material 16.
Last pressure roller shown in the accompanying drawing 4 is made up of last pressure roller shaft 8 and the cylindrical roller 4 that is installed in two symmetries on the pressure roller shaft 8, two pressure rollers all can freely rotate around axle, the roller surface design has straight-tooth, is used to increase the frictional force of pressure roller and storeroom, impels pressure roller to sway.
Lower compression roller shown in the accompanying drawing 5 is formed by pressing down roll shaft 9 and being installed in the conical pressure roller 5 that presses down two symmetries on the roll shaft 9, two pressure rollers all can freely rotate around axle, pressure roller is designed to taper shape, when guaranteeing that pressure roller rotates, its inside and outside circle linear velocity unanimity reduces resistance, and the roller surface design has straight-tooth, be used to increase the frictional force of pressure roller and storeroom, impel pressure roller to sway.
Forming tube shown in the accompanying drawing 6 is designed to cylindrical, be convenient to processing and installation, charging aperture 19 is designed to bell mouth shape, and the horn mouth inner surface becomes 25 degree angles with the cylinder central shaft, help material and enter forming tube, the forming tube lower end is designed to cylindrical material compression forming and the guarantor's type of helping.
Stalk enters from feed hopper, directly drops on the mould, and the last pressure roller that main shaft drives continuously rolls across the bed of material, constantly pushes at pressure roller and mould, under the cutting of the straight-tooth on grinding and pressure roller and the mould, and stalk is very fast crushed.Material after the crushing is fallen from the nib of last mould on the counterdie dish, the continuously roll extrusion of lower compression roller that drives through main shaft again, and material is squeezed into the forming tube that is installed in down on the mould.The forming tube entrance point is designed to bell mouth shape, and material is easy to enter, and when material arrives the forming tube lower end, because the space dwindles, adds the frictional resistance effect between material and the forming tube inwall, constantly pushes the closely knit gradually moulding of material through pressure roller.Simultaneously, wall friction produces a large amount of heat in material and the forming tube, heat is intercepted by the outer insulation material of installing of forming tube, be difficult for distributing, make to keep certain temperature in the forming tube, the lignin in the material at high temperature melts, impel the material maintenance shape that bonds mutually, last briquetting finished product is discharged from the forming tube discharging opening with cylindric.

Claims (4)

1. bimodulus dish flat-die straw compound stalk forming machine, form by motor, decelerator, main shaft, last mould, last pressure roller, following mould, lower compression roller, forming tube, feed hopper, discharge bucket etc., it is characterized in that: machine is provided with two cover mould roller structures up and down, upper strata mould pressure roller is responsible for grinding material, and lower floor's mould pressure roller is responsible for the extrusion modling of material.
2. bimodulus dish flat-die straw compound stalk forming machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described on it mould be provided with radial straight-tooth, mould is provided with nib, last pressure roller is designed to cylindrical, its surface is provided with straight-tooth.
3. bimodulus dish flat-die straw compound stalk forming machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described mould down is provided with nib, and forming tube is installed in the nib, and the part of mould is exposed in the forming tube lower end, and insulation material is installed; Lower compression roller is designed to taper shape, and roller surface is provided with straight-tooth.
4. bimodulus dish flat-die straw compound stalk forming machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: forming tube is designed to cylindrical, and its charging aperture is designed to toroidal, and the charging aperture inner surface becomes 25 degree angles with the axis, and its lower end inner surface is cylindrical.
CN2009202997743U 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with two die plates Expired - Fee Related CN201776928U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202997743U CN201776928U (en) 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with two die plates

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009202997743U CN201776928U (en) 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with two die plates

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201776928U true CN201776928U (en) 2011-03-30

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CN2009202997743U Expired - Fee Related CN201776928U (en) 2009-12-31 2009-12-31 Flat-die compressed straw stalk forming machine with two die plates

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102672997A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-09-19 河南农业大学 Flat mould net mould disc biomass molding machine
CN103448280A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-18 武乡县小金牛微型耕作机有限责任公司 Biomass particle fuel forming machine
CN108837776A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-20 安徽工业大学 A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method
CN110315798A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-10-11 吉林大学 A kind of bimodulus stalk briquette device

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102672997A (en) * 2012-04-28 2012-09-19 河南农业大学 Flat mould net mould disc biomass molding machine
CN102672997B (en) * 2012-04-28 2015-06-17 河南农业大学 Flat mould net mould disc biomass molding machine
CN103448280A (en) * 2013-07-31 2013-12-18 武乡县小金牛微型耕作机有限责任公司 Biomass particle fuel forming machine
CN108837776A (en) * 2018-08-07 2018-11-20 安徽工业大学 A kind of macro-organism matter flat-die grain forming device and method
CN110315798A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-10-11 吉林大学 A kind of bimodulus stalk briquette device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C17 Cessation of patent right
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20110330

Termination date: 20131231