CN102718584A - Nano-carbon synergistic compound fertilizer specially used for tobacco and production method thereof - Google Patents

Nano-carbon synergistic compound fertilizer specially used for tobacco and production method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102718584A
CN102718584A CN2011104022576A CN201110402257A CN102718584A CN 102718584 A CN102718584 A CN 102718584A CN 2011104022576 A CN2011104022576 A CN 2011104022576A CN 201110402257 A CN201110402257 A CN 201110402257A CN 102718584 A CN102718584 A CN 102718584A
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China
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fertilizer
nano
compound manure
tobacco
sized carbon
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CN2011104022576A
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谢剑平
刘键
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HUALONG FERTILIZER TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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HUALONG FERTILIZER TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Abstract

The invention provides a nano-carbon synergistic compound fertilizer specially used for tobacco and a production method thereof. The nano-carbon synergistic compound fertilizer specially used for tobacco has a ratio of N: P2O5: K2O of 1.0: (1.0-1.5): (2.5-3.1) and comprises 0.1 to 0.5wt% of nano-carbon. The nano-carbon synergistic compound fertilizer specially used for tobacco improves fertilizer utilization efficiency, a tobacco leaf yield and tobacco leaf quality.

Description

One grow tobacco special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer and working method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the fertilizer special for tobacco technology in the tobacco agriculture field, be specifically related to grow tobacco a special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer and a working method thereof.
Background technology
Tobacco is the important cash crop of China, to promoting increasing peasant income and local economic development significant.The production of sound tobacco be unable to do without competent fertilizer supply, and fertilizer is dropped in the raising yield of tobacco and vital role has been brought into play in the quality aspect.Yet for obtaining higher output and economic return, the phenomenon of excessive fertilization took place frequently during tobacco produced.Along with the continuous increase of fertilizer usage quantity, its negative effect constantly manifests, and utilization rate of fertilizer is low, the degradation problem becomes increasingly conspicuous under the economic benefit.Such as in northern China cigarette district,,, tobacco often executes potassium in a large number in producing for improving the tobacco leaf potassium content; Yet the potash fertilizer that is manured into soil changes into fixed potassium very easily by soil fixing by effective potassium; Be difficult to directly absorbed by the cigarette strain; Cause potassium utilization rate generally lower, be merely 30%-40%, be starkly lower than developed country's level.Along with the continuous development of tobacco agriculture, cigarette is also developed to the tailored version compound manure by single-element fertilizer with fertilizer.The disclosed a kind of fertilizer special for multi-element tobacco of CN101618980A can improve yield of tobacco, and can improve tobacco quality.The disclosed fertilizer special for tobacco of CN1562909A has the benefit that increases both production and value preferably, and can improve edatope.Though this type dedicated fertilizer fails effectively to solve the low problem of utilization rate of fertilizer improving tobacco production, improving and certain effect is arranged aspect the quality.
Nanometer material science is one of important content of 21 century scientific and technological industry revolution, because nano material has fundamental characteristics such as small-size effect, surface effects and quantum size effect, therefore possesses the characteristic that many traditional materials do not possess.Research is thought; Nano material ability enhancement of plant reduces fertilizer loss to the absorption of fertilizer, improves utilization rate of fertilizer (Xiao Qiang; Zhang Fudao; Wang Yujun etc. nano material adhesive coating type slowly/controlled releasing fertilizer is to the influence of crop yield and quality. plant nutrition and fertilizer journal, 2008,14 (5): 951-955).Simultaneously, nano material can be grown by stimulating plant, regulates the activity of plurality of enzymes in the plant materials; Improve crop yield; Its raising the output and joint fertilizer efficiency fruit on crops such as paddy rice, vegetables, manifest (Liu Anxun, Lu Qiming, Cao Yujiang. nano composite material is to the influence of rice growth. plant nutrition and fertilizer journal; 2007,13 (2): 344-347; Liu Jian, Zhang Yangde, Zhang Zhiming. nanometer biotechnology promotes the research of vegetable crop stimulation application. hubei agricultural science, 2009,48 (1): 123-127; Lu Changmei, Zhang Chaoying, Wen Junqiang etc. nano material promotes the influence and the mechanism research thereof of soybean rudiment, growth. soybean science, 2002,21 (3): 168-172).In addition; CN101362659A discloses a kind of compound manure that comprises carbon containing chemical fertilizer, ammonia stablizer or nitrate reductase inhibitor and nano-sized carbon; This compound manure has the decomposition that reduces the carbon containing chemical fertilizer, reduces the discharging of greenhouse gases, reaches the effect of raising the output simultaneously.
But; Still have nothing to do at present in nano-carbon material at the report of using aspect the fertilizer special for tobacco; The research invention one tailored version nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer that grows tobacco; Improve fertilizer utilization efficiency, reduce fertilizer loss, the protection that promotes peasant's increasing both production and income and environment for human survival is all had significance.The object of the invention promptly is to provide grow tobacco a special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer and a working method thereof, for China's sound tobacco production provides technical support.
Summary of the invention
In order to achieve the above object, the present invention provides the special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer that grows tobacco, and wherein, by weight, the nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio of said compound manure is N: P 2O 5: K 2O=1.0: 1.0-1.5: 2.5-3.1, and said compound manure also comprises nano-sized carbon, and said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.1%-0.5% of said compound manure gross weight.Preferably, said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.2%-0.3% of said compound manure gross weight.Said nano-sized carbon is a kind of particle diameter 10-40nm, and purity is up to 85%, and is electronegative, has the nano material of high surface energy.Said compound manure is the grain that particle diameter is 1-5mm.
In above-mentioned embodiment, said compound manure can comprise: count an ammonium nitrate 5-7 part, diammonium phosphate 25-30 part, vitriolate of tartar 38-40 part, saltpetre 18-20 part by weight.Preferably, count by weight, said diammonium phosphate is 25-28 part.In another embodiment, said compound manure also comprises: count tackiness agent 8-10 part by weight.Said tackiness agent is a wilkinite.
The present invention also provides a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned tobacco special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer, may further comprise the steps: a. crosses 60 mesh sieves with nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer pulverize separately powdering; B. according to the ratio N of nitrogen phosphorus potassium: P 2O 5: K 2O=1.0: 1.0-1.5: 2.5-3.1 disposes said nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer; C. with nano-sized carbon and said nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the abundant mixing of potash fertilizer, wherein said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.1%-0.5% of said compound manure gross weight.Above-mentioned preparation method can also comprise steps d. adds tackiness agent, said compound manure is prepared into the grain that particle diameter is 1-5mm.Preferably, said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.2%-0.3% of said compound manure gross weight.In another embodiment, the step that disposes said nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer can comprise: count by weight, get an ammonium nitrate 5-7 part, diammonium phosphate 25-30 part, vitriolate of tartar 38-40 part, saltpetre 18-20 part.Preferably, count by weight, said diammonium phosphate is 25-28 part.In yet another embodiment, the step of adding tackiness agent comprises the said tackiness agent that adds 8-10 part.Said tackiness agent can be a wilkinite.
The present invention compared with prior art has the following advantages:
(1) nano-sized carbon is a kind of small scale, the active nano particle of high surface energy, and the nutrient ions such as nitrogen phosphorus potassium in can adsorption fertilizer improve utilization rate of fertilizer, reduce fertilizer loss, preserve the ecological environment.Experimental study shows, compares with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle, and the utilization rate of fertilizer of nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer on average increases by 5~10 percentage points.
(2) distinctive nano-sized carbon active particle in the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer of the present invention can stimulate cigarette strain growth, improves the yield of tobacco and the output value.Test shows that the flue-cured tobacco plant root living weight of using nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer of the present invention obviously increases, the leaf photosynthesis performance be improved significantly; Yield of tobacco increases, and quality is obviously improved.
(3) nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio of the present invention is coordinated, N: P 2O 5: K 2O=1.0: 1.0-1.5: 2.5-3.1 needs fertile characteristic to match with flue-cured tobacco, helps promoting the cigarette strain to be grown.
(4) present technique material therefor cost is low, uses simple to operately, is convenient to promote, and can be widely used in the land for growing field crops leaf tobacco production.
Embodiment
Through practical implementation instance given below, can more clearly understand the present invention.But cited illustrative example embodiment has been merely explanation, the present invention is not caused restriction.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention is not limit by following specific embodiments, and only the scope with appending claims is as the criterion.
Embodiment 1
At first starting material an ammonium nitrate, diammonium phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, saltpetre pulverize separately are also crossed 60 mesh sieves; Take by weighing 5 parts in an ammonium nitrate, 28 parts of diammonium phosphate, 40 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 18 parts in saltpetre by weight proportion respectively, put into whisking appliance, add particle diameter then and be 0.3 part of the nano carbon particle of 10-40nm; Thorough mixing is even; Mixed raw material is put into pelletizing disks, add tackiness agent and carry out granulation for 8.7 parts, process particle diameter 1-5mm particulate nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer.
The compound manure that utilization is processed according to above method is tested as follows:
Test is carried out in the Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute of CNTC greenhouse, and supplying the examination flue-cured tobacco cultivars is middle cigarette 100.2 kinds of treatment group are established in test, are respectively 1) control group: promptly do not add nano carbon particle, all the other components and be the conventional fertilizer identical with above-mentioned compound manure; 2) experimental group: with the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer of aforesaid method configuration.It is identical that the npk nutrient consumption is handled in test, all by purity nitrogen 2.1g/ basin applying fertilizer.The mensuration of root biomass and utilization rate of fertilizer is all chosen cigarette strain 2 strains, and cigarette strain 3 strains are chosen in the economical character investigation.
Root biomass result shows; In 3 critical periods that the cigarette strain is grown; Compare with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle, the root biomass that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled the cigarette strain obviously increases, and the difference between group's phase and prosperous secular root biomass and control group all reaches level of signification (seeing table 1); Explain that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer can promote that tobacco root grows, and helps improving the plant nutrition receptivity.
The root biomass of table 1 different treatment group (g/ strain)
Annotate: with different 5% level of signification that reaches of different lowercase alphabet differentials behind the column data, different 5% level of signification that do not reach of identical lowercase alphabet differential is descended together in the table.
The survey showed that for economical character; Compare with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle; Flue-cured tobacco plant height, stem girth and the blade number average that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled has raising (seeing table 2) to some extent; Wherein, the plant height of nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer processing and the difference between control group reach level of signification.This explanation nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer can obviously promote growing of flue-cured tobacco plant.
The prosperous long-term economical character of table 2 different treatment group
The result of utilization rate of fertilizer shows; Use the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer and significantly improve the flue-cured tobacco utilization rate of fertilizer; Compare with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle, the base manure utilization ratio improves 5.16 percentage points, and the utilization ratio of topdressing improves 4.57 percentage points (seeing table 3).
The utilization rate of fertilizer of table 3 different treatment group
Embodiment 2
At first starting material an ammonium nitrate, diammonium phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, saltpetre pulverize separately are also crossed 60 mesh sieves; Take by weighing 6 parts in an ammonium nitrate, 27 parts of diammonium phosphate, 38 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 19 parts in saltpetre by weight proportion respectively, put into whisking appliance, add particle diameter then and be 0.2 part of the nano carbon particle of 10-40nm; Thorough mixing is even; Mixed raw material is put into pelletizing disks, add tackiness agent and carry out granulation for 9.8 parts, process particle diameter 1-5mm particulate nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer.
The compound manure that utilization is processed according to above method makes an experiment as follows:
Test is carried out in Jiaxian County, Pingdingshan City, Henan Province, and supplying examination soil is loam, and supplying the examination flue-cured tobacco cultivars is middle cigarette 100.2 kinds of treatment group are established in test, are respectively 1) control group: promptly do not add nano carbon particle, conventional fertilizer that all the other components are identical with above-mentioned compound manure; 2) experimental group: with the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer of aforesaid method configuration.It is identical that the npk nutrient consumption is handled in test, all by purity nitrogen 3.5kg/667m 2Applying fertilizer.Every kind of treatment group is established 3 sub-districts and is promptly repeated for 3 times, and every sub-district area is 0.6 mu, and data are by the sub-district statistics.
Working method: when the vega ridging with 80% consumption of fertilizer as base manure row replacement, ridging then; Residue 20% fertilizer is spreaded manuer in holes when transplanting, and fertilizer and soil mixing are transplanted after watering sufficient water.
Can find out from table 4, compare with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle that nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer processing yield of tobacco is compared with control group with the output value and all reached significant difference, output amplification reaches 10.33%, and output value amplification reaches 12.06%.This explanation nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer has effect preferably at flue-cured tobacco aspect increasing production and improying productivity.
The yield and output value statistics of table 4 different treatment group
Can find out from table 5, compare that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled tobacco leaf total alkaloid content and decreased with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle; Reducing sugar content increases to some extent, and sugared alkali ratio significantly improves, and chemical ingredients more is tending towards coordinating.Simultaneously, the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled the tobacco leaf potassium content significantly to be increased, and potassium chlorine ratio is improved, and helps improving quality of tobacco.
The cured tobacco leaf routine chemical components of table 5 different treatment group
Adopt YC/T138-1998 tobacco and tobacco product sensory evaluation method that test sample is carried out sensory quality assessment; Table 6 is the flue-cured tobacco aesthetic quality result of different treatment group; Can find out; The nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled fragrance matter and is better than the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle and handles, pleasant impression also be improved significantly, explain that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer can improve the tobacco leaf aesthetic quality.
The cured tobacco leaf aesthetic quality of table 6 different treatment group
Embodiment 3
At first starting material an ammonium nitrate, diammonium phosphate, vitriolate of tartar, saltpetre pulverize separately are also crossed 60 mesh sieves; Take by weighing 7 parts in an ammonium nitrate, 25 parts of diammonium phosphate, 39 parts of vitriolate of tartar, 20 parts in saltpetre by weight proportion respectively, put into whisking appliance, add particle diameter then and be 0.2 part of the nano carbon particle of 10-40nm; Thorough mixing is even; Mixed raw material is put into pelletizing disks, add tackiness agent and carry out granulation for 9.8 parts, process particle diameter 1-5mm particulate nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer.
The compound manure that utilization is processed according to above method makes an experiment as follows:
Xiangcheng County Wang Luo carries out in the town in Henan Province in test.Supplying the examination flue-cured tobacco cultivars is middle cigarette 100.2 kinds of treatment group are established in test, are respectively 1) control group: promptly do not add nano carbon particle, conventional fertilizer that all the other components are identical with above-mentioned compound manure; 2) experimental group: with the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer of aforesaid method configuration.It is identical that the npk nutrient consumption is handled in test, all by purity nitrogen 3.5kg/667m 2Applying fertilizer.Every kind of treatment group is established 3 sub-districts and is promptly repeated for 3 times, and every sub-district area is 0.6 mu, and data are by the sub-district statistics.
Can find out from table 7, compare with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled yield of tobacco and the output value all is significantly increased, output amplification reaches 7.43%, and output value amplification reaches 9.97%.Explain that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer has effect preferably at flue-cured tobacco aspect increasing production and improying productivity.
The yield and output value statistics of table 7 different treatment group
Can find out from table 8, compare that the nano-sized carbon synergistic compound fertilizer is handled tobacco leaf total alkaloid content and significantly reduced with the conventional fertilizer that does not add nano carbon particle; Reducing sugar content increases to some extent, and sugared alkali ratio significantly improves, and chemical ingredients more is tending towards coordinating, and the tobacco leaf potassium content significantly increases, and helps improving quality of tobacco.
Table 8 different treatment group cured tobacco leaf routine chemical components
Although described several exemplary with details in the above; But disclosed embodiment only is exemplary and nonrestrictive; And those skilled in the art will recognize easily; A lot of other modifications, change and/or replacement are possible in exemplary, and essence does not depart from novel teachings of the present disclosure and advantage.Therefore, all such modifications, change and/or replacement intention are included in to be liked enclosed in the scope of the present disclosure that claims limit.

Claims (16)

1. the special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer that grows tobacco, wherein, by weight, the nitrogen phosphoris and potassium fertilizer ratio of said compound manure is N: P 2O 5: K 2O=1.0: 1.0-1.5: 2.5-3.1, and said compound manure also comprises nano-sized carbon, and said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.1%-0.5% of said compound manure gross weight.
2. compound manure as claimed in claim 1, the particle diameter of wherein said nano-sized carbon is 10-40nm.
3. compound manure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.2%-0.3% of said compound manure gross weight.
4. compound manure as claimed in claim 1, wherein said compound manure are the grain that particle diameter is 1-5mm.
5. like each described compound manure in the claim 1 to 4, comprising: count an ammonium nitrate 5-7 part, diammonium phosphate 25-30 part, vitriolate of tartar 38-40 part, saltpetre 18-20 part by weight.
6. compound manure as claimed in claim 5 wherein, is counted by weight, and said diammonium phosphate is 25-28 part.
7. compound manure as claimed in claim 5 also comprises: count tackiness agent 8-10 part by weight.
8. compound manure as claimed in claim 7, wherein said tackiness agent is a wilkinite.
One grow tobacco special-purpose nanometer carbon synergistic compound fertilizer the preparation method, may further comprise the steps:
A. with nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer pulverize separately powdering, cross 60 mesh sieves;
B. according to the ratio N of nitrogen phosphorus potassium: P 2O 5: K 2O=1.0: 1.0-1.5: 2.5-3.1 disposes said nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer;
C. with nano-sized carbon and said nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, the abundant mixing of potash fertilizer, wherein said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.1%-0.5% of said compound manure gross weight.
10. preparation method as claimed in claim 9, the particle diameter of wherein said nano-sized carbon is 10-40nm.
11. preparation method as claimed in claim 9, wherein said method also comprises:
D. add tackiness agent, said compound manure is prepared into the grain that particle diameter is 1-5mm.
12. preparation method as claimed in claim 9, wherein said nano-sized carbon accounts for the 0.2%-0.3% of said compound manure gross weight.
13. like each described preparation method in the claim 9 to 12, the step that wherein disposes said nitrogenous fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, potash fertilizer comprises: count by weight, get an ammonium nitrate 5-7 part, diammonium phosphate 25-30 part, vitriolate of tartar 38-40 part, saltpetre 18-20 part.
14. preparation method as claimed in claim 13 wherein, counts by weight, said diammonium phosphate is 25-28 part.
15. preparation method as claimed in claim 11, the step that wherein adds tackiness agent comprises the said tackiness agent that adds 8-10 part.
16. preparation method as claimed in claim 15, wherein said tackiness agent is a wilkinite.
CN2011104022576A 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Nano-carbon synergistic compound fertilizer specially used for tobacco and production method thereof Pending CN102718584A (en)

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CN103210957A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-07-24 中国烟草总公司郑州烟草研究院 Solvent for improving antioxidation metabolic capacity of flue-cured tobacco
CN103910579A (en) * 2014-04-09 2014-07-09 河南农业大学 Special charcoal-based slow release compound fertilizer for tobaccos and preparation method of compound fertilizer
CN108947655A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-07 广东省生物工程研究所(广州甘蔗糖业研究所) A kind of tobacco Water soluble fertilizer

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CN103910579B (en) * 2014-04-09 2016-01-20 河南农业大学 Tobacco special bio carbon-base slow release composite fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN108947655A (en) * 2018-07-24 2018-12-07 广东省生物工程研究所(广州甘蔗糖业研究所) A kind of tobacco Water soluble fertilizer

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