CN102715106B - Method for cultivating shrimp seed of macrobrachium rosenbergii - Google Patents

Method for cultivating shrimp seed of macrobrachium rosenbergii Download PDF

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CN102715106B
CN102715106B CN201210158105.0A CN201210158105A CN102715106B CN 102715106 B CN102715106 B CN 102715106B CN 201210158105 A CN201210158105 A CN 201210158105A CN 102715106 B CN102715106 B CN 102715106B
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高雷
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
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    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention provides a method for cultivating shrimp seeds of macrobrachium rosenbergii. The method comprises: selection and processing of a parent shrimp holding pond, selection of a parent shrimp, feeding pretreatment of the parent shrimp, feeding of the parent shrimp, requirements on a nursery pond, water conditioning of the nursery pond, observation of parent shrimp mating, cultivation of larva, daily management of the nursery pond and other contents. In the water conditioning, an environment-friendly Chinese herbal medicine powder fungicide is adopted to treat the water source, so that the morbidity of the parent shrimp and the seedlings is reduced. The shrimp seed individuals cultivated according to the method of the invention has small difference and good quality. Moreover, a high survival rate of the shrimp seeds is obtained, so that the economic benefit of culturists is improved.

Description

A kind of breeding method of Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling
Technical field
The present invention relates generally to the method for shrimps genetic breeding., particularly relate to a kind of breeding method of Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling.
background technology:
macrobrachium rosenbergii also claims white pin shrimp, Malaysian prawn, money shrimp, Penaeus vannamei etc., have fresh water shrimp king's title.Original producton location concentrates on Ecuador bank, is one of three large shrimp species that cultivation amount is in the world the highest at present.The thin body fertilizer of its shell, Fresh & Tender in Texture, delicious flavour, nutritious.Except being rich in the local flavor of general Freshwater shrimps, in ripe Macrobrachium rosenbergii carapace, be full of gonad, there is the taste of the special deliciousness that is similar to crab oil.Every hectogram shrimp shrimp is containing 20.6 grams, protein, 0.7 gram, fat, and contain multivitamin and the necessary trace element of human body, be high-protein nutrient aquatic products, it is the main Freshwater shrimps kind of current China cultivation, the shrimp seedling great majority of Macrobrachium rosenbergii are that Tu Chi cultivates at present, cause shrimp seedling emergence rate low, and quality is unstable, in process of growth, survive rate variance, problem that growth rate is slow etc., therefore, in the urgent need to a kind of new Macrobrachium rosenbergii factorial seedling growth mode.
summary of the invention:
The invention provides a kind of breeding method of Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling, the inventive method has overcome that the shrimp seedling emergence rate existing in existing breeding method is low, and quality is unstable, and in process of growth, survival rate is not high, the defect that growth rate is slow.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme for achieving the above object:
A breeding method for Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling, is characterized in that, specifically comprises following content:
(1) selection in brackish water pond and processing: selecting multiple areas is 220-320m 2, the Tu Chi of the dark 1.5-1.6m in pond is as brackish water pond, the water of crossing through 70-80 order silk cover filtering is put into pond, in every 100 premium on currency, drop into traditional Chinese medicine extract insecticide 0.01-0.5 kilogram, fully dissolve, the part by weight of the raw material components of traditional Chinese medicine extract insecticide is: cordate houttuynia water extract 8-10, ginger ale extract 8-10, chrysanthemum water extract 8-10, mulberry leaf water extract 8-10, field pennycress water extract 8-10, kuh-seng water extract 8-10, bacterium remaining water extract 8-10, Rheum palmatum 8-10, loguat leaf water extract 8-10, rhizome of cyrtomium water extract 8-10, Chinese violet water extract 8-10, folium isatidis water extract 8-10, tarragon water extract 8-10, juglandis folia water extract 8-10, frutus cnidii water extract 8-10, tuber of stemona water extract 8-10, aloe water extract 8-10, pond depth of water 1.5m, one, aerator is joined in each pond, and the screen cloth that four jiaos of placement water peanuts of the pond water surface and bamboo cane tie up is made things concealed,
(2) close shrimp is chosen: select size in different water systems even, energetic, healthy female, male shrimp is as close shrimp, more than the long 3.5cm of female shrimp body; More than the long 4cm of male shrimp body;
(3) the raising pretreatment of close shrimp: female, the male shrimp of the same water system that step (2) is chosen separately, then, by the female shrimp of different water systems and male shrimp, is put into same brackish water pond and raises;
(4) close shrimp is raised: every morning and afternoon respectively throw something and feed once, and the manufactured feed of throwing something and feeding the morning accounts for the 2-3% that raises close shrimp body weight, and the fresh small fish of throwing something and feeding afternoon accounts for the 2-3% that raises close shrimp body weight; In pond, add fresh water 30-50m every day 3;
(5) nursery pond requires: select the indoor cement pit of 4m × 5m × 1.2m as nursery pond, lay gas stone in pond, gas stone density is 9-11/m2, and nursery pond top covers movably puggaree, for regulating illumination;
(6) nursery pond water quality processing: grow seedlings before beginning, need sterilize thoroughly to nursery pond, will be after 80 order nets, pass through again fine sand, then in water, add 3 kilograms/100L of pulverizing Chinese medicine material insecticide 0.2-0., the part by weight of the raw material components of traditional Chinese medicine insecticide is: david poplar root-bark 8-10, Chinese wild pepper 8-10, Lindley Butterflybush Herb 8-10, Embelia subcoridcea (C. B. Cl.) Mez 8-10, cassia twig 8-10, windproof 8-10, elscholtiza 8-10, chrysanthemum 8-10, schizonepeta 8-10, purple perilla 8-10, field pennycress 8-10, Sargent gloryvine 8-10, Radix Isatidis 8-10, Herba Andrographitis 8-10, rhizoma zingiberis 8-10, mulberry leaf 8-10, kuh-seng 8-10, the old 8-10 of bacterium, rheum officinale 8-10, loguat leaf 8-10, print chinaberry fruit 8-10, Chinese violet 8-10, folium isatidis 8-10, tarragon 8-10, juglandis folia 8-10, frutus cnidii 8-10, tuber of stemona 8-10, rhizome of cyrtomium 8-10, soak after 3-4 hour, use again activated carbon filtration, relief disinfectant enters the nursery pond of sterilizing, water level is used 30 milliliters/meter after reaching requirement again 3formalin is processed water for larval nursing 22-26 hour, and then aeration 2-3 days, finally adds chitin, makes concentration in its pool water within reach 0.8-1 gram/meter 3,
(7) observe the mating of close shrimp: the mating situation of routine observation brackish water pond Prawn, when after female shrimp oogenesis, check ovum grain developmental state, when ovum grain bleach, move into nursery pond, close shrimp enters before pond with 20 milliliters/meter 3betagen Solution soak 1-2 minute;
(8) larval culture: after female shrimp ovulation, shift out nursery pond, the hatching density of ovum should not be too high, is generally 30 × 10 4grain~80 × 10 4grain/rice 3, when the young is during at I~III phase zoea, take Micro Algae as main; In the time that larval growth arrives IV~VII phase, take wheel animalcule as main, every tail prawn young is thrown something and fed 20~100/day, and throw something and feed 7-9 every day;
(9) daily management of nursery pond: change water 2-5m every day 3, keep water body pH 7.8~8.6, more than dissolved oxygen 4 mg/litre, below chemical oxygen consumption (COC) 5 mg/litre, below total ammonia nitrogen 0.5 mg/litre, below nitrite 0.1 mg/litre, use effective microorganism preparation to make water quality keep good.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Adopt method of the present invention to cultivate Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling, shrimp survival rate of seedling is high, the shrimp seedling seed steady quality of cultivating, overcome in current Macrobrachium rosenbergii breeding process survival rate low, the unsettled difficult problem of quality, solve the nonsynchronous problem of the growth of Macrobrachium rosenbergii larvae in seedling rearing in earth ponds simultaneously, improved the economic benefit of supporting shrimp dealer.
Embodiment
A breeding method for Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling, specifically comprises following content:
(1) selection in brackish water pond and processing: selecting multiple areas is 220-320m 2, the Tu Chi of the dark 1.5-1.6m in pond is as brackish water pond, the water of crossing through 70-80 order silk cover filtering is put into pond, in every 100 premium on currency, drop into 0.15 kilogram, traditional Chinese medicine extract insecticide, fully dissolve, the part by weight of the raw material components of traditional Chinese medicine extract insecticide is: cordate houttuynia water extract 8-10, ginger ale extract 8-10, chrysanthemum water extract 8-10, mulberry leaf water extract 8-10, field pennycress water extract 8-10, kuh-seng water extract 8-10, bacterium remaining water extract 8-10, Rheum palmatum 8-10, loguat leaf water extract 8-10, rhizome of cyrtomium water extract 8-10, Chinese violet water extract 8-10, folium isatidis water extract 8-10, tarragon water extract 8-10, juglandis folia water extract 8-10, frutus cnidii water extract 8-10, tuber of stemona water extract 8-10, aloe water extract 8-10, pond depth of water 1.5m, one, aerator is joined in each pond, and the screen cloth that four jiaos of placement water peanuts of the pond water surface and bamboo cane tie up is made things concealed,
(2) close shrimp is chosen: select size in different water systems even, energetic, healthy female, male shrimp is as close shrimp, more than the long 3.5cm of female shrimp body; More than the long 4cm of male shrimp body;
(3) the raising pretreatment of close shrimp: female, the male shrimp of the same water system that step (2) is chosen separately, then, by the female shrimp of different water systems and male shrimp, is put into same brackish water pond and raises;
(4) close shrimp is raised: every morning and afternoon respectively throw something and feed once, and the manufactured feed of throwing something and feeding the morning accounts for the 2-3% that raises close shrimp body weight, and the fresh small fish of throwing something and feeding afternoon accounts for the 2-3% that raises close shrimp body weight; In pond, add fresh water 30-50m every day 3;
(5) nursery pond requires: select the indoor cement pit of 4m × 5m × 1.2m as nursery pond, lay gas stone in pond, gas stone density is 9-11/m2, and nursery pond top covers movably puggaree, for regulating illumination;
(6) nursery pond water quality processing: grow seedlings before beginning, need sterilize thoroughly to nursery pond, will be after 80 order nets, pass through again fine sand, then in water, add 0.2 kilogram/100L of pulverizing Chinese medicine material insecticide, the part by weight of the raw material components of traditional Chinese medicine insecticide is: david poplar root-bark 8-10, Chinese wild pepper 8-10, Lindley Butterflybush Herb 8-10, Embelia subcoridcea (C. B. Cl.) Mez 8-10, cassia twig 8-10, windproof 8-10, elscholtiza 8-10, chrysanthemum 8-10, schizonepeta 8-10, purple perilla 8-10, field pennycress 8-10, Sargent gloryvine 8-10, Radix Isatidis 8-10, Herba Andrographitis 8-10, rhizoma zingiberis 8-10, mulberry leaf 8-10, kuh-seng 8-10, the old 8-10 of bacterium, rheum officinale 8-10, loguat leaf 8-10, print chinaberry fruit 8-10, Chinese violet 8-10, folium isatidis 8-10, tarragon 8-10, juglandis folia 8-10, frutus cnidii 8-10, tuber of stemona 8-10, rhizome of cyrtomium 8-10, soak after 3-4 hour, use again activated carbon filtration, relief disinfectant enters the nursery pond of sterilizing, water level is used 30 milliliters/meter after reaching requirement again 3formalin is processed water for larval nursing 22-26 hour, and then aeration 2-3 days, finally adds chitin, makes concentration in its pool water within reach 0.8-1 gram/meter 3,
(7) observe the mating of close shrimp: the mating situation of routine observation brackish water pond Prawn, when after female shrimp oogenesis, check ovum grain developmental state, when ovum grain bleach, move into nursery pond, close shrimp enters before pond with 20 milliliters/meter 3betagen Solution soak 1-2 minute;
(8) larval culture: after female shrimp ovulation, shift out nursery pond, the hatching density of ovum should not be too high, is generally 30 × 10 4grain~80 × 10 4grain/rice 3, when the young is during at I~III phase zoea, take Micro Algae as main; In the time that larval growth arrives IV~VII phase, take wheel animalcule as main, every tail prawn young is thrown something and fed 20~100/day, and throw something and feed 7-9 every day;
(9) daily management of nursery pond: change water 2-5m every day 3, keep water body pH 7.8~8.6, more than dissolved oxygen 4 mg/litre, below chemical oxygen consumption (COC) 5 mg/litre, below total ammonia nitrogen 0.5 mg/litre, below nitrite 0.1 mg/litre, use effective microorganism preparation to make water quality keep good, keep such situation until seedling grows to and can sell seedling.
test data
The method of the inventive method being cultivated to Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling and existing Macrobrachium rosenbergii cultivation shrimp seedling contrasts, and cultivates and the results are shown in following table:
? Shrimp shoot survival percent With the individual difference of a collection of shrimp seedling Sign
Factory culturing method of the present invention 90% Individual difference is little, and quality is good Shrimp seedling appendage is complete, N/D
Existing native pond cultivating method 40% Individual difference is large, poor quality Shrimp seedling appendage has damaged
The inventive method is cultivated shrimp seedling as can be seen from the table, and shrimp shoot survival percent is high, and little with a collection of shrimp seedling individual difference, quality is good, and shrimp seedling appendage is complete, N/D.The survival rate of shrimp seedling brings up to 90% by 40% of traditional seedling rearing in earth ponds, has solved the nonsynchronous problem of the growth of Macrobrachium rosenbergii larvae in seedling rearing in earth ponds simultaneously.

Claims (1)

1. a breeding method for Macrobrachium rosenbergii shrimp seedling, is characterized in that, specifically comprises following content:
(1) selection in brackish water pond and processing: selecting multiple areas is 220-320m 2, the Tu Chi of the dark 1.5-1.6m in pond is as brackish water pond, the water of crossing through 70-80 order silk cover filtering is put into pond, in every 100 premium on currency, drop into traditional Chinese medicine extract insecticide 0.01-0.5 kilogram, fully dissolve, the part by weight of the raw material components of traditional Chinese medicine extract insecticide is: cordate houttuynia water extract 8-10, ginger ale extract 8-10, chrysanthemum water extract 8-10, mulberry leaf water extract 8-10, field pennycress water extract 8-10, kuh-seng water extract 8-10, bacterium remaining water extract 8-10, Rheum palmatum 8-10, loguat leaf water extract 8-10, rhizome of cyrtomium water extract 8-10, Chinese violet water extract 8-10, folium isatidis water extract 8-10, tarragon water extract 8-10, juglandis folia water extract 8-10, frutus cnidii water extract 8-10, tuber of stemona water extract 8-10, aloe water extract 8-10, pond depth of water 1.5m, one, aerator is joined in each pond, and the screen cloth that four jiaos of placement water peanuts of the pond water surface and bamboo cane tie up is made things concealed,
(2) close shrimp is chosen: select size in different water systems even, energetic, healthy female, male shrimp is as close shrimp, more than the long 3.5cm of female shrimp body; More than the long 4cm of male shrimp body;
(3) the raising pretreatment of close shrimp: female, the male shrimp of the same water system that step (2) is chosen separately, then, by the female shrimp of different water systems and male shrimp, is put into same brackish water pond and raises;
(4) close shrimp is raised: every morning and afternoon respectively throw something and feed once, and the manufactured feed of throwing something and feeding the morning accounts for the 2-3% that raises close shrimp body weight, and the fresh small fish of throwing something and feeding afternoon accounts for the 2-3% that raises close shrimp body weight; In pond, add fresh water 30-50m every day 3;
(5) nursery pond requires: select the indoor cement pit of 4m × 5m × 1.2m as nursery pond, lay gas stone in pond, gas stone density is 9-11/m 2, nursery pond top covers movably puggaree, for regulating illumination;
(6) nursery pond water quality processing: grow seedlings before beginning, need sterilize thoroughly to nursery pond, will be after 80 order nets, pass through again fine sand, then in water, add 3 kilograms/100L of pulverizing Chinese medicine material insecticide 0.2-0., the part by weight of the raw material components of traditional Chinese medicine insecticide is: david poplar root-bark 8-10, Chinese wild pepper 8-10, Lindley Butterflybush Herb 8-10, Embelia subcoridcea (C. B. Cl.) Mez 8-10, cassia twig 8-10, windproof 8-10, elscholtiza 8-10, chrysanthemum 8-10, schizonepeta 8-10, purple perilla 8-10, field pennycress 8-10, Sargent gloryvine 8-10, Radix Isatidis 8-10, Herba Andrographitis 8-10, rhizoma zingiberis 8-10, mulberry leaf 8-10, kuh-seng 8-10, the old 8-10 of bacterium, rheum officinale 8-10, loguat leaf 8-10, print chinaberry fruit 8-10, Chinese violet 8-10, folium isatidis 8-10, tarragon 8-10, juglandis folia 8-10, frutus cnidii 8-10, tuber of stemona 8-10, rhizome of cyrtomium 8-10, soak after 3-4 hour, use again activated carbon filtration, relief disinfectant enters the nursery pond of sterilizing, water level is used 30 milliliters/meter after reaching requirement again 3formalin is processed water for larval nursing 22-26 hour, and then aeration 2-3 days, finally adds chitin, makes concentration in its pool water within reach 0.8-1 gram/meter 3,
(7) observe the mating of close shrimp: the mating situation of routine observation brackish water pond Prawn, when after female shrimp oogenesis, check ovum grain developmental state, when ovum grain bleach, move into nursery pond, close shrimp enters before pond with 20 milliliters/meter 3betagen Solution soak 1-2 minute;
(8) larval culture: after female shrimp ovulation, shift out nursery pond, the hatching density of ovum should not be too high, is 30 × 10 4grain~80 × 10 4grain/rice 3, when the young is during at I~III phase zoea, take Micro Algae as main; In the time that larval growth arrives IV~VII phase, take wheel animalcule as main, every tail prawn young is thrown something and fed 20~100/day, and throw something and feed 7-9 every day;
(9) daily management of nursery pond: change water 2-5m every day 3, keep water body pH 7.8~8.6, more than dissolved oxygen 4 mg/litre, below chemical oxygen consumption (COC) 5 mg/litre, below total ammonia nitrogen 0.5 mg/litre, below nitrite 0.1 mg/litre, use effective microorganism preparation to make water quality keep good.
CN201210158105.0A 2012-05-21 2012-05-21 Method for cultivating shrimp seed of macrobrachium rosenbergii Expired - Fee Related CN102715106B (en)

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