CN102640814A - Method for making golden flower loose tea without inoculation - Google Patents

Method for making golden flower loose tea without inoculation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102640814A
CN102640814A CN2012101467835A CN201210146783A CN102640814A CN 102640814 A CN102640814 A CN 102640814A CN 2012101467835 A CN2012101467835 A CN 2012101467835A CN 201210146783 A CN201210146783 A CN 201210146783A CN 102640814 A CN102640814 A CN 102640814A
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China
Prior art keywords
tea
dim
tealeaves
golden flower
making
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CN2012101467835A
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CN102640814B (en
Inventor
陈桂梅
胡歆
黄亚亚
纪晓明
周兴长
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XIANYANG JINGWEI FU TEA CO Ltd
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XIANYANG JINGWEI FU TEA CO Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for making golden flower loose tea without inoculation. The method is characterized by being operated according to the following steps of black tea fast alcoholization, tea moisture content regulation, sample loading tea steaming, flowering container preparation, tea bagging, cooling, temperature control for flowering, flowering monitoring, aging, drying and package. The method breaks through the loose tea flowering method requiring the artificial inoculation, the operation of the method is simple, and the mass production operation can be carried out; the nature flowering of the loose tea can be realized by adopting the method, and the flowering period is brought forward by 2 to 3 days; small package bagged tea is adopted, the growth of other moulds can be effectively controlled, and the flowering quality is improved; and transparent polypropylene bags are adopted, the tea flowering conditions can be favorably monitored at any time, and the tea mildew or the excessive flowering can be avoided.

Description

A kind of method of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Fu tea processing technique field, be specifically related to a kind of method of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating.
Background technology
" golden flower " bacterium, formal name used at school coronoid process loose the capsule bacterium ( Eurotium cristatum), distinctive a kind of probio in the Fu tea processing has not only been given the color that Fu tea is different from other teas, also having health-care efficacies such as greasy short digestion, lowering blood-fat and reducing weight, treatment angiocardiopathy that deoil.This bacterium is poor growth under conditions such as some temperature, humidity or hyperosmosis, and can carry out vegetative propagation simultaneously, produces conidium; Be yellow green or yellowish-brown; The ascospore sprout time is longer simultaneously, has not only prolonged the cycle of growing dim, and makes the brick tea quality descend.Adopt the loose tea technology of growing dim can shorten the coronoid process capsule mushroom sprout time ascosporous that looses, shorten and grow dim the cycle, also can be made into and drink conveniently, colory " golden flower " deceives tea.At present, the loose tea technology of growing dim all is to utilize the nutrient solution of " golden flower " bacterium, add some derivants and induce tealeaves to grow dim, but the method not only early stage complicated operation, high to aseptic requirements, and cost increases, the production operation does not suit.So demand urgently seeking a kind of workable, can be used for the golden flower loose tea preparation method of production operation.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the defective that prior art exists, a kind of method of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating is provided.Break through prior art and cultivate the method for " golden flower " bacterium through adding the derivant liquid inoculation, water content and cultivation temperature that control is suitable realize that loose tea grows dim naturally, and be simple to operate, and can produce equalization in enormous quantities.
Solution of the present invention is a kind of method of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, and its special character is to operate according to the following steps: black tea refines → regulates tealeaves water content → dress kind steaming tea → preparation container → tealeaves pack → cooling → control temperature monitoring → ageing → drying → packing of growing dim → grow dim of growing dim fast.
Procedure of processing in the technical solution of the present invention is operated by following mode:
1) black tea refines fast: after black tea raw material decatize in 101~105 ℃ turbine fermentation machine is softening, carry out wet heap, become brown and warmth odor is arranged to tealeaves;
2) regulate the tealeaves water content: take by weighing wet heap tea appearance, add tea juice according to ratio, control tealeaves water content is 20~22%;
3) dress appearance gas steams: take by weighing a certain amount of tealeaves, put into and steam the tea bucket, steam tea 6~8s;
4) prepare the container that grows dim: the container that grows dim adopts the end opening through sterilization, transparent polypropylene culture bag;
5) pack is sealed: the polypropylene culture bag of packing into rapidly of the tealeaves after gas is steamed, seal with the collar or the tampon of gas permeability;
6) cooling: the Polypropylene Bag of tea appearance will be housed, put smooth being placed on the airing platform in order and cool off;
7) the control temperature is grown dim: the Polypropylene Bag cultivation that tealeaves will be housed is put on the yoke of the chamber of growing dim, and the temperature of growing dim is controlled at 26~30 ℃, the humidity nature;
8) monitoring of growing dim: observe the tealeaves situation of growing dim every day, guarantee the tealeaves quality of growing dim;
9) ageing, drying, packing: grow dim finish after, carry out ageing to heat up every day 2 ℃, to 40 ℃ of dryings after 1 day, packing normal temperature is preserved.
Owing to adopted above technical scheme, the present invention has the following advantages:
1, broken through and can only artificial infection just can make the method that loose tea grows dim, the method is simple to operate, can produce equalization in enormous quantities;
2, adopt the method can make that loose tea grows dim naturally, grow dim 2~3 days in advance phase;
3, adopt the packed tea of inner wrapping, can effectively control the growth of other moulds, improved the quality of growing dim;
4, adopt transparent polypropylene culture bag, help monitoring at any time the tealeaves situation of growing dim, can stop tealeaves and go mouldy or grow dim excessively.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a process chart of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
A kind of method of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, operation according to the following steps: black tea refines → regulates tealeaves water content → dress kind steaming tea → preparation container → tealeaves pack → cooling → control temperature monitoring → ageing → drying → packing of growing dim → grow dim of growing dim fast.Black tea refines fast: will deceive tea raw material decatize 10~15min in 101~105 ℃ turbine fermentation machine, wet heap 2~4h; Regulate the tealeaves water content: add tea juice in proportion according to the tealeaves water content, the tealeaves water content behind the interpolation tea juice is controlled at 20~22%; Dress appearance gas steams: steaming tea bucket sample-loading amount is 100~200g, and vapor (steam) temperature is controlled at 101~105 ℃, and steaming between the tea time is 6~8s, and progressive on the one hand softening tealeaves plays bactericidal action, on the other hand in case living contaminants; Prepare the container that grows dim: the container that grows dim adopts an end opening, and transparent polypropylene culture bag is observed tealeaves variation in the bag at any time in the process of conveniently growing dim, will carry out the sterilization of low temperature batch (-type) before the culture bag use.Pack is sealed: the polypropylene culture bag of packing into rapidly of the tealeaves after gas is steamed, seal with the collar or the tampon that have the sponge plug, and guarantee the gas permeability of culture bag; Cooling: the tea appearance temperature of steaming is higher, need tealeaves arrangement in the culture bag is smooth, and be placed on the airing platform and cool off; The control temperature is grown dim: the Polypropylene Bag cultivation that tealeaves will be housed is put on the yoke of the chamber of growing dim, and the temperature of growing dim is controlled at 26~30 ℃, and early stage, temperature was controlled at 26~28 ℃, and temperature is controlled at 28~30 ℃ behind the golden flower to be formed, the humidity nature; The monitoring of growing dim: tealeaves can grow mycelia in 3 days and have a small amount of golden flower to occur under above-mentioned condition of culture, and the golden flower particle formed in 5 days, and golden flower quantity reached millions in 7 days; Ageing, drying, packing: grow dim after the end, carry out ageing to heat up every day 2 ℃, be beneficial to the stable of golden flower bacterium spore surface color and luster and internal substance, be warming up to 40 ℃ of dryings after 1 day, packing normal temperature is preserved.

Claims (9)

1. do not inoculate the method for making the golden flower loose tea for one kind, it is characterized in that: procedure of processing is following: black tea refines → regulates tealeaves water content → dress kind steaming tea → preparation container → tealeaves pack → cooling → control temperature monitoring → ageing → drying → packing of growing dim → grow dim of growing dim fast.
2. a kind of method of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: procedure of processing is operated by following mode:
1) black tea refines fast: after black tea raw material decatize in 101~105 ℃ turbine fermentation machine is softening, carry out wet heap, become brown and warmth odor is arranged to tealeaves;
2) regulate the tealeaves water content: take by weighing wet heap tea appearance, add tea juice according to ratio, control tealeaves water content is 20~22%;
3) dress appearance gas steams: take by weighing a certain amount of tealeaves, put into and steam the tea bucket, steam tea 6~8s;
4) prepare the container that grows dim: the container that grows dim adopts the end opening through sterilization, transparent polypropylene culture bag;
5) pack is sealed: the polypropylene culture bag of packing into rapidly of the tealeaves after gas is steamed, seal with the collar or the tampon of gas permeability;
6) cooling: the Polypropylene Bag of tea appearance will be housed, put smooth being placed on the airing platform in order and cool off;
7) the control temperature is grown dim: the Polypropylene Bag cultivation that tealeaves will be housed is put on the yoke of the chamber of growing dim, and the temperature of growing dim is controlled at 26~30 ℃, the humidity nature;
8) monitoring of growing dim: observe the tealeaves situation of growing dim every day, guarantee the tealeaves quality of growing dim;
9) ageing, drying, packing: grow dim finish after, carry out ageing to heat up every day 2 ℃, to 40 ℃ of dryings after 1 day, packing normal temperature is preserved.
3. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: black tea refines fast, and steam temperature is 101~105 ℃, and steaming time is 10~15min, wet heap 2~4h.
4. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: the tealeaves water content behind the interpolation tea juice is controlled at 20~22%.
5. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: steaming tea bucket sample-loading amount is 100~200g, and vapor (steam) temperature is controlled at 101~105 ℃, and steaming between the tea time is 6~8s.
6. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: the container that grows dim adopts an end opening, and transparent polypropylene culture bag will be carried out the sterilization of low temperature batch (-type) before culture bag is used.
7. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: after the tealeaves pack, seal with the collar or the tampon that have the sponge plug.
8. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: the temperature of growing dim is controlled at 26~30 ℃, and early stage, temperature was controlled at 26~28 ℃, and temperature is controlled at 28~30 ℃ behind the golden flower to be formed, the humidity nature.
9. according to claim 1,2 described a kind of methods of making the golden flower loose tea of not inoculating, it is characterized in that: grow dim after the end, carry out ageing to 40 ℃ drying to heat up every day 2 ℃.
CN201210146783.5A 2012-05-14 2012-05-14 Method for making golden flower loose tea without inoculation Active CN102640814B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104222352A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-12-24 周壮生 Method for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea and temperature and humidity controlled incubator applied to process of culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea
CN104351374A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-02-18 湖南中茶茶业有限公司 Method for making dark tea
CN109588508A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-04-09 西咸新区茯茶镇茶业有限公司 A kind of golden-flower loose tea processing method
CN109673765A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-26 福建省峻山野农业发展有限公司 Golden flower white tea and preparation method thereof

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1090718A (en) * 1993-12-30 1994-08-17 湖南省临湘市白石茶厂 Add Fuling Brick tea with iodine and iodization process thereof
CN101167502A (en) * 2007-12-08 2008-04-30 汪南归 High-grade brick tea and preparation method thereof
CN101491281A (en) * 2009-03-09 2009-07-29 谌小丰 Processing method of golden-flower loose tea
CN201591101U (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-09-29 刘睿婷 Compressed tea with golden flower layer adhering to outer surface
CN102084903A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-06-08 湖南城市学院 Preparation process of fungus-grown loosened green tea
CN102084904A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-06-08 湖南城市学院 Preparation technology for fu brick tea flowering loosing tea

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1090718A (en) * 1993-12-30 1994-08-17 湖南省临湘市白石茶厂 Add Fuling Brick tea with iodine and iodization process thereof
CN101167502A (en) * 2007-12-08 2008-04-30 汪南归 High-grade brick tea and preparation method thereof
CN101491281A (en) * 2009-03-09 2009-07-29 谌小丰 Processing method of golden-flower loose tea
CN201591101U (en) * 2009-11-05 2010-09-29 刘睿婷 Compressed tea with golden flower layer adhering to outer surface
CN102084903A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-06-08 湖南城市学院 Preparation process of fungus-grown loosened green tea
CN102084904A (en) * 2010-12-21 2011-06-08 湖南城市学院 Preparation technology for fu brick tea flowering loosing tea

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104222352A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-12-24 周壮生 Method for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea and temperature and humidity controlled incubator applied to process of culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea
CN104351374A (en) * 2014-12-08 2015-02-18 湖南中茶茶业有限公司 Method for making dark tea
CN109673765A (en) * 2019-01-15 2019-04-26 福建省峻山野农业发展有限公司 Golden flower white tea and preparation method thereof
CN109588508A (en) * 2019-01-23 2019-04-09 西咸新区茯茶镇茶业有限公司 A kind of golden-flower loose tea processing method

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