CN104222352A - Method for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea and temperature and humidity controlled incubator applied to process of culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea - Google Patents

Method for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea and temperature and humidity controlled incubator applied to process of culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea Download PDF

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CN104222352A
CN104222352A CN201410358235.8A CN201410358235A CN104222352A CN 104222352 A CN104222352 A CN 104222352A CN 201410358235 A CN201410358235 A CN 201410358235A CN 104222352 A CN104222352 A CN 104222352A
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temperature
black tea
tea
humidity
tealeaves
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CN104222352B (en
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周壮生
刘建良
周威
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周壮生
刘建良
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea and a temperature and humidity controlled incubator applied to a process of culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea. The method for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea comprises the following steps: choosing raw materials, carrying out pile fermentation, spraying tea juice, steaming, culturing eurotium cristatum at controlled temperature and with controlled humidity, drying and packaging. The temperature and humidity controlled incubator comprises sprayers, a sealed interlayer, a temperature and humidity controller, an air drying layer and a culturing container, wherein a hot air inlet is formed in one side of the air drying layer; a vapor-liquid outlet is formed in one side of the sealed interlayer, and a vapor-liquid inlet is formed in the other side of the sealed interlayer; the sprayers are arranged at the upper part of the sealed interlayer; the temperature and humidity controller is mounted outside the sealed interlayer. By virtue of the adoption of the method and the temperature and humidity controlled incubator, natural culture of eurotium cristatum of loose black tea can be realized; the temperature and the humidity in a strict environment for culturing eurotium cristatum of loose black tea can be simply, effectively and accurately controlled; the eurotium cristatum culturing effect is good, and thus the quality of the loose black tea is remarkably improved.

Description

The Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of a kind of method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim and operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower
Technical field
The present invention relates to processing field of tea leaves, particularly a kind of black tea loose tea golden flower method of growing dim and the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator that grows dim operation for black tea loose tea golden flower.
Background technology
Product most characteristic in black tea in the large teas of Fu Camellia six is after fermentation tea.Because processing on the hot summer days, therefore claim volt tea.Golden flower in tea (formal name used at school coronoid process fall apart capsule bacterium), is distinctive a kind of probio in the processing of Fu tea, does not give only the color that Fu tea is different from other teas, also have the health-care efficacies such as greasy, short digestion, lowering blood-fat and reducing weight, Cardiovarscular that deoil.In early days, just rest in compressed tea technique to the technical research of growing dim of Fu tea, namely be all cultivate golden flower after being shaped by tea leaf compressing, this kind of mode coronoid process falls apart capsule bacterium poor growth under the conditions such as some temperature, humidity or hyperosmosis, and can carry out vegetative propagation simultaneously, produces conidium, in yellow green or yellowish-brown, ascospore sprout time is longer, not only extends the cycle of growing dim, and brick tea quality is declined; Simultaneously because moisture loss is too fast, only have minister in brick tea to have golden flower, cause golden flower quantity in tealeaves to reduce; And due to the large body weight consolidation of compressed tea block, drink and carry extremely inconvenience, social consumption ability is subject to larger restriction.
In recent years the research of golden-flower loose tea is got more and more.Adopt loose tea fungus growing process can shorten coronoid process to fall apart capsule mushroom sprout time ascosporous, shorten and grow dim the cycle, also can be made into and drink conveniently, colory " golden flower " black tea.But still there is following shortcoming: 1. current, loose tea technology of growing dim is all the nutrient solutions utilizing " golden flower " bacterium, add some derivants induction tealeaves to grow dim, operating process complexity is loaded down with trivial details, previously prepared coronoid process is needed to fall apart capsule bacterium suspension, then inoculate tealeaves, likely occur the pollution of culture medium or other chemical addition agents; 2. loose tea grows dim the large multiselect Lao Ye that then maturity is higher in process, band stalk, through green removing in high temperature, knead, pile-fermentation, the processing of the flow process such as drying obtains, gained black tea profile is coarse, flavour is strong but the chopped cooked entrails of sheep at the bottom of fineless and smooth, leaf, to grow dim effect bad from prior art achievement, the golden flower of output is less.3. due to the health-care efficacy of golden flower, the demand of the black tea of golden flower remains high, but the cultivation of black tea golden flower but only concentrates on the some months in a year, thus make the black tea of golden flower be in tight market state, and the link of growing dim of golden flower requires extremely strict to growing environment, need to regulate and control humiture simultaneously, and control manipulation can not affect loose tea at that time grows dim effect, cause golden flower particle little, the low skewness of density of growing dim etc., therefore will turn out that quality is high, the golden-flower loose tea of pure in mouth feel is conventionally be a major challenge.Tender tea is subject to the favor of more and more people owing to having fine mouthfeel, therefore in order to meet the requirement of people to tea leaf quality, urgently finding and a kind ofly the tender loose tea of black tea can be utilized to realize nature to grow dim and the condition of growing dim can accuracy controlling, effective method of growing dim and the regulation device that grows dim.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim and the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator growing dim operation for black tea loose tea golden flower, utilize grow dim method and Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of the golden flower that the present invention relates to the tender loose tea of black tea can be made to realize nature grow dim, and can be simple, effectively, realize black tea Tender loose tea exactly and cultivate humiture control in harsh culture environment needed for golden flower and weatherproof, be convenient to labor management and control, grow dim effective, golden flower is generally luxuriant, bright in colour golden yellow, particle is large, thus significantly improve the quality of the black tea loose tea of golden flower.
In order to reach above object, the technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim, and it is characterized in that, it comprises the following steps:
Step 1, black tea raw material are selected: select the black tea tea stamen of two leaf one cores to be made into black tea, and for subsequent use after above-mentioned black tea being carried out dedust foam, thick blade, bar tea operation;
Step 2, pile-fermentation: black tea control temperature step 1 obtained is wet heap, fermentation 10-14h between 55 DEG C-65 DEG C;
Step 3, the wet heap of black tea that ferments described in step 2 evenly spill tea juice, after 30-50min, stir the wet heap of the black tea of companion, spacious cool, be cooled to room temperature, keep tealeaves humidity between 22%-25%;
Step 4, gas steam: carry out decatize 1.5-2.5min to the black tea of step 3 gained, in the steamed journey of gas, temperature controls between 100-110 DEG C;
Step 5, temperature control humidity are grown dim: steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material is made, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 34-36 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 34-36 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 20-22%, evening control temperature 22-24 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 25-27%, time 7-9 days; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 22-24 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 22-24%, evening 29-31 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 21-23%, time 4-6 days; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 24-26 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 17-19%, time 4-5 days;
Step 6, drying, packaging: grow dim after terminating and the culture vessel combined by metal otter board is together taken out together with tealeaves, take away culture vessel and the black tea loose tea that grows dim is put into ventilation, normal temperature, natural drying 30 days are to tealeaves humidity lower than 9%, and packaging normal temperature is preserved.
Under better performance, in described step 2, the wet stack height of black tea of pile-fermentation is 1.5-2m, and control temperature is at 60 DEG C of wet heaps, fermentation 12h.
Under better performance, the Steaming conditions in described step 4 is that temperature controls to steam 2min at 105 DEG C of gas.
Under better performance, the condition of growing dim in described step 5 is steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material makes, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 35 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 35 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 21%, evening control temperature 23 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 26%, 8 days time; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 23 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 23%, evening 30 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 22%, 5 days time; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 25 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 18%, 5 days time.
A Temperature and Humidity Control incubator for operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower, is characterized in that, this device comprises sprayer (4), closed sandwich (6), temperature and humidity controller (8), air oxygen detrition layer (9), culture vessel (11); Described culture vessel (11) outer setting has air oxygen detrition layer (9), and air oxygen detrition layer (9) outer setting has closed sandwich (6); The side of described air oxygen detrition layer (9) is provided with hot-wind inlet (7); The side of described closed sandwich (6) is provided with vapour-liquid outlet (1), and vapour-liquid outlet (1) is provided with outlet pressure gauge tap (3), and the opposite side of closed sandwich (6) is provided with vapour-liquid entrance (2); Described vapour-liquid entrance (2) is made up of circulating cooling water inlet (21) and cyclic steam entrance (22), and circulating cooling water inlet (21) and cyclic steam entrance (22) are respectively arranged with recirculated cooling water inlet solenoid valve (211) and cyclic steam inlet solenoid valve (221); The top of described closed sandwich (6) is provided with sprayer (4), sprayer (4) is provided with spraying electromagnetic switch (10); The described temperature and humidity controller (8) for monitoring, regulation culture container (11) inner humiture is installed on the outside of closed sandwich (6).
Described sprayer (4) is provided with swivel joint (5).
The metal otter board arranged according to culture vessel (11) shape is installed in described air oxygen detrition layer (9).
Described culture vessel (11) is combined by metal otter board.
In sum, relative to prior art, beneficial effect of the present invention is: (1) the invention provides a kind of method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim, select the black tea tea stamen of two leaf one cores to make as raw material in the method and become the tender loose tea of black tea, the golden flower obtained after growing dim black tea loose tea flavour is strong and fine and smooth, and mouthfeel is better.
(2) a kind of black tea loose tea golden flower provided by the invention method of growing dim, the method is realized black tea loose tea naturally grown dim by the humiture of cultivating that controls to grow dim, avoid and utilize coronoid process to fall apart capsule bacteria culture fluid add derivant induction tealeaves and to grow dim the pollution of the culture medium that may occur or other chemical addition agents, ensure the quality of the black tea loose tea of golden flower; And simple to operate, be beneficial to and realize producing equalization in enormous quantities, to meet the demand of market for the black tea loose tea of golden flower.
(3) present invention also offers a kind of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower, this application of installation is grown dim in method to the golden flower that the present invention relates to, the harsh culture environment of black tea Tender loose tea cultivation needed for golden flower can be realized simply, efficiently and accurately, namely can regulate temperature and humidity in time, exactly according to specific environment, be convenient to labor management and control; And the inner day and night temperature of this apparatus container can be made to widen by adjustment, be beneficial to and grow dim, the golden flower particle of turning out is large, grows dim luxuriant and general, thus significantly improves the quality of the black tea loose tea of golden flower.
(4) the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of a kind of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower provided by the invention, be applied to can make fungus growing process weatherproof in black tea loose tea fungus growing process, all can produce throughout the year, solve the problem only having to produce Fu tea summer, improve the annual production of the black tea loose tea of golden flower simultaneously, reach and meet the object of market for the black tea demand of golden flower.
(5) the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of a kind of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower provided by the invention, its structure is simple, simple operation, desirable environment can be provided for the growth of black tea golden flower, thus improve the yield and quality of black tea golden flower, and this device utilizes is circulating water and cyclic steam heating, namely utilizes the control that less cooling water and steam just can realize golden flower cultivation temperature, not only save the energy, also facilitate labor management.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of a kind of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower that the present invention relates to.
Fig. 2 is the right view of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of a kind of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower that the present invention relates to.
Fig. 3 is the top view of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of a kind of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower that the present invention relates to.
Fig. 4 is that the present invention relates to a kind of grows dim the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of operation along the sectional view of A-A line for black tea loose tea golden flower.
Fig. 5 is that 40 times of adopt the golden flower that the present invention relates to the to grow dim black tea loose tea of golden flower that method and Temperature and Humidity Control incubator obtain amplify pictures.
Numerical reference described in Figure of description 1-4 is expressed as: 1, vapour-liquid outlet; 2, vapour-liquid entrance; 21, circulating cooling water inlet; 211, recirculated cooling water inlet solenoid valve; 22, cyclic steam entrance; 221, cyclic steam inlet solenoid valve; 3, outlet pressure gauge tap; 4, sprayer; 5, swivel joint; 6, closed sandwich; 7, hot-wind inlet; 8, temperature and humidity controller; 9, air oxygen detrition layer; 10, spraying electromagnetic switch; 11, culture vessel.
Numerical reference described in Figure of description 5 is expressed as: 51, golden flower; 52, black tea loose tea.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make those skilled in the art understand technical scheme of the present invention better, describe the present invention below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the description of this part is only exemplary and explanatory, should not have any restriction to protection scope of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, a kind of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower, this device comprises sprayer 4, closed sandwich 6, temperature and humidity controller 8, air oxygen detrition layer 9, culture vessel 11, culture vessel 11 outer setting has air oxygen detrition layer 9, air oxygen detrition layer 9 outer setting has closed sandwich 6, and the side of air oxygen detrition layer 9 is provided with hot-wind inlet 7.Temperature and humidity controller 8 is installed on the outside of closed sandwich 6, and it is for monitoring, the inner humiture of regulation culture container 11.Culture vessel 11 is combined by metal otter board, in use, can be stamped a handwoven cloth on the top of culture vessel 11, makes tealeaves directly not touch the humidity of spraying and bringing; The metal otter board arranged according to culture vessel 11 shape is installed in air oxygen detrition layer 9.
In concrete operations, the rectangle bag made by paper material put into by tealeaves, then puts into the culture vessel 11 combined by metal otter board, is equipped with 2.5cm distance between the metal otter board of air oxygen detrition layer 9 and the four sides sidewall of culture vessel 11 and bottom.The side of closed sandwich 6 is provided with vapour-liquid entrance 2, vapour-liquid entrance 2 is made up of circulating cooling water inlet 21 and cyclic steam entrance 22, and circulating cooling water inlet 21 and cyclic steam entrance 22 are respectively arranged with recirculated cooling water inlet solenoid valve 211 and cyclic steam inlet solenoid valve 221.
In concrete operations, by carrying out the setting of humiture time to temperature and humidity controller 8, when culture vessel 11 domestic demand heats, temperature and humidity controller 8 controlled circulation steam inlet magnetic valve 221 is opened automatically, steam is passed in container interlayer, in culture vessel 11, temperature raises rapidly, automatically stops after reaching design temperature;
When culture vessel 11 domestic demand is lowered the temperature, temperature and humidity controller 8 controlled circulation cooling water inlet magnetic valve 211 is opened automatically, and in culture vessel 11 interlayer, pass into cooling water, in culture vessel 11, temperature declines rapidly, automatically stops after reaching design temperature;
When culture vessel 11 domestic demand is humidified, temperature and humidity controller 8 controls spraying electromagnetic switch 10 and automatically opens, and to the handwoven cloth spraying of covering on culture vessel 11, automatically stops after reaching setting humidity;
When culture vessel 11 domestic demand dehumidifies, the hot blast electrically operated valve that temperature and humidity controller 8 controls on container lower right hot-wind inlet 7 is opened automatically, in container, the space of front, rear, left and right, bottom blows into hot-air and carries out drying, automatically stops after reaching setting humidity.
The opposite side of closed sandwich 6 is provided with vapour-liquid outlet 1, vapour-liquid outlet 1 is provided with outlet pressure gauge tap 3, when in culture vessel 11 shell, steam pressure exceedes setting pressure, outlet pressure gauge tap 3 is opened automatically, steam is discharged by vapour-liquid outlet 1, and enters main steam header road and carry out vapor recycle; When culture vessel 11 shell inner cooling water pressure exceedes setting pressure, outlet pressure gauge tap 3 is opened automatically, and cooling water is discharged by vapour-liquid outlet 1, and enters cooling water main pipeline and carry out cooling water circulation.
The top of closed sandwich 6 is provided with sprayer 4, sprayer 4 is provided with spraying electromagnetic switch 10, and sprayer 4 is provided with swivel joint 5, is convenient to multi-faceted sprinkling steam.
Embodiment 2:
The method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim, it comprises the following steps:
Step 1, black tea raw material are selected: select the black tea tea stamen of two leaf one cores to be made into black tea, and for subsequent use after above-mentioned black tea being carried out dedust foam, thick blade, bar tea operation;
Step 2, pile-fermentation: black tea control temperature step 1 obtained is at 55 DEG C of wet heaps, fermentation 14h, wet stack height 2m;
Step 3, the wet heap of black tea that ferments described in step 2 evenly spill tea juice, after 30min, stir the wet heap of the black tea of companion, spacious cool, be cooled to room temperature, keep tealeaves humidity to be 25%;
Step 4, gas steam: carry out decatize 1.5min to the black tea of step 3 gained, in the steamed journey of gas, temperature controls at 110 DEG C;
Step 5, temperature control humidity are grown dim: steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material is made, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 34 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 34 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 22%, evening control temperature 22 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 27%, 9 days time; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 22 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 24%, evening 29 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 23%, 6 days time; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 24 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 17%, 5 days time;
Step 6, drying, packaging: grow dim after terminating and the culture vessel combined by metal otter board is together taken out together with tealeaves, take away culture vessel and the black tea loose tea that grows dim is put into ventilation, normal temperature, natural drying 30 days are to tealeaves humidity lower than 9%, and packaging normal temperature is preserved.
Embodiment 3:
The method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim, it comprises the following steps:
Step 1, black tea raw material are selected: select the black tea tea stamen of two leaf one cores to be made into black tea, and for subsequent use after above-mentioned black tea being carried out dedust foam, thick blade, bar tea operation;
Step 2, pile-fermentation: black tea control temperature step 1 obtained is at 65 DEG C of wet heaps, fermentation 10h, wet stack height 1.5m;
Step 3, the wet heap of black tea that ferments described in step 2 evenly spill tea juice, after 50min, stir the wet heap of the black tea of companion, spacious cool, be cooled to room temperature, keep tealeaves humidity to be 22%;
Step 4, gas steam: carry out decatize 2.5min to the black tea of step 3 gained, and in the steamed journey of gas, temperature controls is 100 DEG C;
Step 5, temperature control humidity are grown dim: steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material is made, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 36 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 36 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 20%, evening control temperature 24 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 25%, 7 days time; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 24 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 22%, evening 31 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 21%, 4 days time; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 26 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 17%, 4 days time;
Step 6, drying, packaging: grow dim after terminating and the culture vessel combined by metal otter board is together taken out together with tealeaves, take away culture vessel and the black tea loose tea that grows dim is put into ventilation, normal temperature, natural drying 30 days are to tealeaves humidity lower than 9%, and packaging normal temperature is preserved.
Embodiment 4:
The method that black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim, it is characterized in that, it comprises the following steps:
Step 1, black tea raw material are selected: select the black tea tea stamen of two leaf one cores to be made into black tea, and for subsequent use after above-mentioned black tea being carried out dedust foam, thick blade, bar tea operation;
Step 2, pile-fermentation: black tea control temperature step 1 obtained is at 60 DEG C of wet heaps, fermentation 12h, wet stack height 1.75m;
Step 3, the wet heap of black tea that ferments described in step 2 evenly spill tea juice, after 40min, stir the wet heap of the black tea of companion, spacious cool, be cooled to room temperature, keep tealeaves humidity to be 23%;
Step 4, gas steam: carry out decatize 2min to the black tea of step 3 gained, in the steamed journey of gas, temperature is 105 DEG C;
Step 5, temperature control humidity are grown dim: steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material is made, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 35 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 35 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 21%, evening control temperature 23 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 26%, 8 days time; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 23 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 23%, evening 30 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 22%, 5 days time; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 25 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 18%, 5 days time;
Step 6, drying, packaging: grow dim after terminating and the culture vessel combined by metal otter board is together taken out together with tealeaves, take away culture vessel and the black tea loose tea that grows dim is put into ventilation, normal temperature, natural drying 30 days are to tealeaves humidity lower than 9%, and packaging normal temperature is preserved.
Utilize grow dim method and Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of the golden flower that the present invention relates to the tender loose tea of black tea can be made to realize nature grow dim and black tea Tender loose tea can be realized simply, efficiently and accurately and cultivate humiture control in harsh culture environment needed for golden flower and weatherproof, be convenient to labor management and control, grow dim effective, golden flower generally luxuriant, bright in colour golden yellow, particle greatly, thus significantly improves the quality of the black tea loose tea of golden flower.40 times of adopt the golden flower that the present invention relates to the to grow dim black tea loose tea of golden flower that method and Temperature and Humidity Control incubator obtain are amplified pictures as shown in Figure 5.
It should be noted that, in this article, term " comprises ", " comprising " or its any other variant are intended to contain comprising of nonexcludability, thus make to comprise the process of a series of key element, method, article or equipment and not only comprise which key element, but also comprise other key elements clearly do not listed, or also comprise by the intrinsic key element of this process, method, article or equipment.When not more restrictions, the key element limited by statement " comprising ... ", and be not precluded within process, method, article or the equipment comprising key element and also there is other identical element.
Apply specific case herein to set forth principle of the present invention and embodiment, the explanation of above embodiment just understands method of the present invention and core concept thereof for helping.The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, should be understood that, due to the finiteness of literal expression, and objectively there is unlimited concrete structure, for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, some improvement, retouching or change can also be made, also above-mentioned technical characteristic can be combined by rights; These improve retouching, change or combination, or the design of invention and technical scheme are directly applied to other occasion without improving, and all should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a black tea loose tea golden flower method of growing dim, it is characterized in that, it comprises the following steps:
Step 1, black tea raw material are selected: select the black tea tea stamen of two leaf one cores to be made into black tea, and for subsequent use after above-mentioned black tea being carried out dedust foam, thick blade, bar tea operation;
Step 2, pile-fermentation: black tea control temperature step 1 obtained is wet heap, fermentation 10-14h between 55 DEG C-65 DEG C;
Step 3, the wet heap of black tea that ferments described in step 2 evenly spill tea juice, after 30-50min, stir the wet heap of the black tea of companion, spacious cool, be cooled to room temperature, keep tealeaves humidity between 22%-25%;
Step 4, gas steam: carry out decatize 1.5-2.5min to the black tea of step 3 gained, in the steamed journey of gas, temperature controls between 100-110 DEG C;
Step 5, temperature control humidity are grown dim: steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material is made, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 34-36 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 34-36 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 20-22%, evening control temperature 22-24 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 25-27%, time 7-9 days; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 22-24 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 22-24%, evening 29-31 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 21-23%, time 4-6 days; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 24-26 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 17-19%, time 4-5 days;
Step 6, drying, packaging: grow dim after terminating and the culture vessel combined by metal otter board is together taken out together with tealeaves,
Take away culture vessel and the black tea loose tea that grows dim is put into ventilation, normal temperature, natural drying 30 days are to tealeaves humidity lower than 9%, and packaging normal temperature is preserved.
2. a kind of black tea loose tea golden flower according to claim 1 method of growing dim, it is characterized in that, in described step 2, the wet stack height of black tea of pile-fermentation is 1.5-2m, and control temperature is at 60 DEG C of wet heaps, fermentation 12h.
3. a kind of black tea loose tea golden flower according to claim 1 method of growing dim, is characterized in that, the Steaming conditions in described step 4 is that temperature controls to steam 2min at 105 DEG C of gas.
4. a kind of black tea loose tea golden flower according to claim 1 method of growing dim, it is characterized in that, the condition of growing dim in described step 5 is steamed black tea is put into the rectangle bag that paper material makes, then connect bag band tea and put into the culture vessel combined by metal otter board, culture vessel is put into Temperature and Humidity Control incubator together with tea and covers thick handwoven cloth, open hot-wind inlet to pass into hot-air and carry out drying, temperature 35 DEG C, time 48h; Two days later, utilize the steam of Temperature and Humidity Control incubator to heat, the function of the dry dehumidification of draft tube aeration at the bottom of logical circulating cooling water for cooling, spraying humidification, case, daytime control temperature 35 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 21%, evening control temperature 23 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 26%, 8 days time; When microbial enzymatic activities changes from low to high and main biochemical composition changes, temperature is transferred to 23 DEG C by daytime, tealeaves humidity 23%, evening 30 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 22%, 5 days time; After the content of the acid compounds such as enzymic change compound and methyl linolenate increases, control temperature is 25 DEG C, tealeaves humidity 18%, 5 days time.
5. a Temperature and Humidity Control incubator for operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower, it is characterized in that, this device comprises sprayer (4), closed sandwich (6), temperature and humidity controller (8), air oxygen detrition layer (9), culture vessel (11); Described culture vessel (11) outer setting has air oxygen detrition layer (9), and air oxygen detrition layer (9) outer setting has closed sandwich (6); The side of described air oxygen detrition layer (9) is provided with hot-wind inlet (7); The side of described closed sandwich (6) is provided with vapour-liquid outlet (1), and vapour-liquid outlet (1) is provided with outlet pressure gauge tap (3), and the opposite side of closed sandwich (6) is provided with vapour-liquid entrance (2); Described vapour-liquid entrance (2) is made up of circulating cooling water inlet (21) and cyclic steam entrance (22), and circulating cooling water inlet (21) and cyclic steam entrance (22) are respectively arranged with recirculated cooling water inlet solenoid valve (211) and cyclic steam inlet solenoid valve (221); The top of described closed sandwich (6) is provided with sprayer (4), sprayer (4) is provided with spraying electromagnetic switch (10); The described temperature and humidity controller (8) for monitoring, regulation culture container (11) inner humiture is installed on the outside of closed sandwich (6).
6. the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower according to a kind of described in claim 5, it is characterized in that, described sprayer (4) is provided with swivel joint (5).
7. the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower according to a kind of described in claim 5, is provided with the metal otter board arranged according to culture vessel (11) shape in described air oxygen detrition layer (9).
8. the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator of operation of growing dim for black tea loose tea golden flower according to a kind of described in claim 5, described culture vessel (11) is combined by metal otter board.
CN201410358235.8A 2014-07-25 2014-07-25 The method and the Temperature and Humidity Control incubator for process of being grown dim for black tea loose tea golden flower that a kind of black tea loose tea golden flower grows dim Expired - Fee Related CN104222352B (en)

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