CN102561729A - Self-heating solar single building - Google Patents

Self-heating solar single building Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102561729A
CN102561729A CN2012100192568A CN201210019256A CN102561729A CN 102561729 A CN102561729 A CN 102561729A CN 2012100192568 A CN2012100192568 A CN 2012100192568A CN 201210019256 A CN201210019256 A CN 201210019256A CN 102561729 A CN102561729 A CN 102561729A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heating
solar energy
building
heat
solar
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CN2012100192568A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周正楠
程翠英
吴艳元
李仁星
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天普新能源科技有限公司
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Priority to CN2012100192568A priority Critical patent/CN102561729A/en
Publication of CN102561729A publication Critical patent/CN102561729A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal

Abstract

A self-heating solar single building comprises a house body. The house body comprises an enclosure wall and a house cover. The house body further comprises a heating system. The heating system comprises the following components: an active solar heat collection heating system for providing an indoor heat source; a solar heat collection domestic hot water supply system which is used for supplying the domestic hot water; a passive sun room which is used for supplementing indoor heat; a solar fresh air preheating chamber which is used for preheating in winter and heat radiation in summer; and a ventilation system which is used for discharging the indoor heat and ventilating for the indoor space. The self-heating solar single building is advantageous in that: because the active solar heat collection heating system is equipped for providing the indoor heat source, the solar energy can be maximumly utilized and the environment pollution is prevented.

Description

From heating solar energy single building

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of house, be specifically related to a kind of from heating solar energy single building.

Background technology

The energy is the basis of human survival; The energy that uses at present mainly is mineral matter fuel, because mineral matter fuel is non-renewable resources, always has exhausted the time; And the mode of occupation of the energy increases the influence of environment day by day; Solar energy is clean energy resource, applies solar energy under construction, has obtained realization in a lot of developed countries; Solar building is to use the solar energy that directly obtains as preferential one type of building using the energy, and solar building has or not machine power to be divided into active solar house and passive solar house two big classes by it.

The heating system of active solar house generally is made up of thermal-arrest, heat accumulation, thermal component, circulating line equipment and control system.It is a kind of efficient heat-collecting device that passes through; Just solar energy collector is collected and is obtained solar energy, and forced circulation solar energy heating system of forming with blower fan or pump, pipeline, terminal heat dissipation equipment and heat-storing device etc. or solar airconditioning and the heating system of forming with Absorption Refrigerator.Active solar house is high to the utilization ratio of solar energy, not only can heat, heat supply water, can also cooling, its interior temperature is stablized comfortable, uses very extensive in developed country.

Passive solar house is through the appropriate design of the manipulated of the reasonable Arrangement of building orientation, plane figure and formalness, inner space and external body, architectural construction, the choose reasonable of constructional materials, thereby makes its mode with operation naturally obtain, store and utilize one type of building of solar energy.Passive solar house need not collected, preserve and reallocate solar energy by blower fan, pump and complicated control system.The fundamental of building such as window, wall, floor; Except satisfying traditional building function (go along with sb. to guard him and support); Also must store and discharge heat energy, each ingredient of a building is wanted to satisfy architectural requirement, can also satisfy the requirement of structure and energy.At least to have in the passive type solar energy heating system and to possess 2 points: the energy storage member of forming towards the glass heat collector of south orientation, by heat insulating materials such as building block, rock or water.Have the discontinuous characteristics of space-time owing to shine upon,, also will add supplementary energy under construction usually in order to obtain comfort thermal environment.

Heat utilization and light utilization to solar energy can reduce air-conditioning and the employed conventional energy resource of illumination, also alleviate the carrying capacity of environment that causes because of electrical production simultaneously.Therefore, the utilization of solar energy can be used as the effective means of building energy conservation, considers from the building energy conservation aspect; External window of building is the big member of energy consumption on the one hand, also possibly become on the other hand hot member, promptly be transmitted into the indoor solar thermal energy that obtains through sunshine; Outer window glass is made the solar heat-collection plate of light color; This way is very popular in Japan, and some developed country also succeeds in developing intelligent glass, the depth of this its color of glass scalable; Thereby but the amount of incident of regulated at will sunshine solves daylighting and heat insulation problem better.

China is energy consumption big country; China's energy for building accounts for 27.8% of whole society's terminal energy sources consumption figure then; With near developed country's level, but therefore the unit source benefit is well below developed country; More need energy-conservation, consumption reduction, reduce discharging at building field, building energy conservation becomes a problem that needs to be resolved hurrily.

Because the solar energy resources of China is very abundant, most regional annual mean day, amount of radiation was at 4 (kwh)/m 2More than, in western part, Tibet especially up to 7 (kwh)/m 2, the solar radiation total amount occupies the No. 1 in the world, and solar energy utilizes prospect very wide.

Because grange disperses relatively, density is low, should not adopt the central heating pattern that investment is big, maintenance levels is high; And traditional coal heating mode exists that efficient is low, contaminated environment and expense problem of higher; The villages and small towns of north China, the heating mode that winter, people used always is a heating installation, goes up solar energy if northerly agricultural residence is used; Not only can practice thrift a large amount of energy, and the consumption of the peasant's who reduces winter heating.

Problem in that northern solar house faced is: one, how collecting solar energy is that winter heating provides enough heats; Two, how to store heat effectively and prevent that heat scatters and disappears; Three, how to solve the auxiliary heating at cloudy day in winter; Four, how to satisfy grange low cost demand; Five, how to solve solar heating design in the problem that brought summer.

Summary of the invention

The present invention provides a solution, can solve the big problem of northern country winter heating energy consumption.

For realizing above-mentioned purpose, adopt following technical scheme:

A kind ofly comprise main house body from the heating solar building, said main house body comprises enclosure wall and Fang Gai, also comprises heating system, and said heating system includes active solar energy heat collection heating system and is used to provide indoor thermal source; Solar energy heating domestic hot-water supply system is used to provide living water use; Passive type sunlight room is used for replenishing indoor heat; The new wind preheating cavity of solar energy is used for preheating in winter and heat radiation in summer; Ventilation system is used to discharge indoor heat and room ventilation.

Further; Said active solar energy heat collection heating system comprises the solar energy collector that is arranged on the roof; Said solar energy collector is connected with water storage box; Said water storage box is connected with the floor coil pipe, and the heat that said solar energy collector will be stored by day heats to the room through the coil pipe heat radiation of connected floor.

Especially, the top of the new wind preheating cavity of said solar energy is equipped with solar opto-electronic board, and said solar opto-electronic board is that photoelectricity driving blower fan provides power source.

Preferably, said new air port, wind preheating cavity top and bottom tuyeres are provided with photoelectricity and drive blower fan.

Especially, said heating system also includes auxiliary heating system of cloudy day, and the said cloudy day, auxiliary heating system was to be connected with wall with flues to the indoor thermal source that provides by the biomass energy burner, and the cigarette that is produced is discharged along the smoke vent that connects wall with flues.

Further, said ventilation system is by being positioned at the solar energy hot pressing airshaft junction chamber that the room covers, and on the north side exterior wall under the said vertical shaft, window is set, and combines with indoor ventilated lobby and to form the air-out passage.

Especially, solar energy hot pressing airshaft is divided into two independently vertical shafts.

Especially, said heat-preserving wall adopts the haydite heat insulating material, sprays the mortar adhering and sealing outward.

Preferably, said room covers and is provided with growing area.

Especially, be provided with roller blind in the said sunlight room.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is: be used to provide indoor thermal source owing to be provided with active solar energy heat collection heating system, can maximally utilise solar energy, the environment pollution of avoiding.

Description of drawings

According to embodiment and accompanying drawing the present invention is done further explain below.

Fig. 1 is a solar facilities structural representation of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is a solar energy hot pressing airshaft ventilation procedure structure sketch map of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the positional structure sketch map of the window from the heating solar building of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the positional structure sketch map of the wall with flues from the heating solar building of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the new wind preheating cavity of the solar energy from the heating solar building of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the ventilating structure sketch map from the heating solar building of the present invention.

Among the figure:

1, solar energy collector; 2, auxiliary thermal source; 3, water storage box; 4, external heat exchanger; 5, floor coil pipe; 6, pump; 7, solar energy hot pressing airshaft; 8, passive type sunlight room; 9, air port; 10, wall with flues; 11, the new wind preheating cavity of solar energy; 12, air-out passage a; 13, air-out passage b; 14, window; 15, air port.

The specific embodiment

Extremely shown in Figure 6 like Fig. 1; Provided an a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention from heating solar energy single building; This comprises main house body from the heating solar building, and main house body comprises enclosure wall and Fang Gai; Also comprise heating system, heating system includes active solar energy heat collection heating system and is used to provide indoor thermal source; Solar energy heating domestic hot-water supply system is used to provide living water use; Passive type sunlight room 8 is used for replenishing indoor heat; The new wind preheating cavity 11 of solar energy is used for preheating in winter and heat radiation in summer; Ventilation system is used to discharge indoor heat and room ventilation.

Further; Active solar energy heat collection heating system comprises the solar energy collector 1 that is arranged on the roof; Solar energy collector 1 is connected with water storage box 3; Water storage box 3 is connected with floor coil pipe 5, and the heat that solar energy collector 1 will be stored by day heats to the room through coil pipe 5 heat radiations of connected floor.

Solar energy heating domestic hot-water supply of the present invention system; Realized the combination of solar facilities and dwelling house design, solar water heating equipment is made up of solar energy collector 1, hot water storage tank 3, circulating line, support, pump 6, control system and related accessories and auxiliary thermal source 2.Realize solar energy and architecture-integral; Must the building design stage just should be with each parts of solar water heating equipment; All do as building member and go design; In facade moulding, form of structure, supply and drain water system, consider every possible angle, make solar water heating equipment become the indispensable part of this building on the whole.So the present invention incorporates the position and the basis of solar energy water heater device in the Roof Design into, solar energy collector 1 is positioned at the room and covers, and mounting means is that three horizontally-arrangeds are installed.

To shown in Figure 3, the passive type sunlight room 8 that opens wide southwards daytime in winter is hotly a large amount of like Fig. 2, and other heat-preserving wall towards sealing prevents that heat scatters and disappears, and especially, wall thermal insulating adopts the haydite heat insulating material, sprays the mortar adhering and sealing outward.

Utilize the new wind of new wind preheating cavity 11 preheatings of solar energy; If rely on winter the direct external window of unlatching to come the fresh air in the supply chamber; Then can let cold air directly enter in the room, both reduce indoor temperature, can cause the discomfort of blowing a cold wind over to the people again.The top of the new wind preheating cavity 11 of solar energy is equipped with solar opto-electronic board, and solar opto-electronic board is that photoelectricity driving blower fan provides power source.Air port, solar energy new wind preheating cavity 11 top 15 is provided with photoelectricity and drives blower fan, and new wind preheating cavity 11 bottom tuyeres 9 places are provided with photoelectricity and drive blower fan.

In the winter time; Outdoor fresh air is imported into by air port, preheating cavity top 15; And in solar energy preheating cavity 11 by solar energy heating; The small-power blower fan that is driven by the photoelectricity that is installed in solar energy preheating cavity 11 bottoms is again sent into indoor, utilizes the new wind of the new wind preheating cavity of solar energy preheating, guarantees that without any other heating facility indoor temperature reaches more than 12 degree.

Then discharge the hot air in the sunlight room during summer through the blower fan reverse rotation; Hot air 9 upwards flow to air port 15 from the air port; Discharge outdoor; The electro-optical package that the electricity consumption of small-power blower fan can be fully installed by the preheating cavity top is supplied with, and blower fan velocity of rotation and intensity of sunshine positive correlation, this with the new wind of preheating cavity preheating in winter, get rid of hot air summer functional requirement just in time consistent.

Utilize active solar energy heat collection heating system night in winter, active solar energy heat collection heating system is heated to the room through 5 heat radiations of floor coil pipe by the heat that the hot water storage tank 3 of 25 square metres solar energy collector 1 and 2 tons is stored by day; When cloudy in the winter time; Can also use auxiliary thermal source 2, promptly the high-temperature flue gas that provided of biomass energy burner heats to the room through wall with flues 10 heat radiations, and adopts the air heat pump assistant heating; Utilize air heat energy assistant heating heating water, than electrical heating power saving 80%-20%.Owing to take the heating system of underground heat, do accumulation of heat and heat radiation so the floor is double, the accumulation of heat time is long, and amount of stored heat is big, and area of dissipation is big, and interior temperature is even, and thermal comfort is good.Especially, said heating system also includes auxiliary heating system of cloudy day, and the said cloudy day, auxiliary heating system was to be connected with wall with flues to the indoor thermal source that provides by the biomass energy burner, and the cigarette that is produced is discharged along the smoke vent that connects wall with flues.

To shown in Figure 6, on daytime in summer, open the opened air port 9 of 8 bottoms, passive type sunlight room and the opened air port 15 under the cornice like Fig. 5; Utilize the cavity of double-deck roofing interbed to discharge the hot air the passive type sunlight room 8 from the roof; Prevent that temperature is too high in the passive type sunlight room 8, especially, said sunlight is provided with roller blind in the room; Preferably, said room covers and is provided with the temperature that growing area also can lower the roof.

Except the sunshade and heat extraction design in sunlight room, the natural ventilation in room also is very important cooling measure during summer.Solar energy hot pressing airshaft 7 is divided into two independently vertical shafts, and the one deck and two layers that are respectively building provide independently and ventilate.Simultaneously; According to summer draught to, on the north side exterior wall under every layer solar hot pressing airshaft 7, offer window 14, like this can be so that the wind direction that blast ventilates with hot pressing is ventilated guides consistent; Combine the draught effect of the two, strengthened the effect of indoor natural ventilating in summer.

Ventilation system is by being positioned at solar energy hot pressing airshaft 7 junction chambers that the room covers; And on the north side exterior wall under the solar energy hot pressing airshaft 7, window 14 is set; And combine with indoor ventilated lobby and to form the air-out passage, as shown in Figure 6, air-out passage a and air-out passage b.

Above embodiment has just set forth basic principle of the present invention and characteristic; The present invention is not limited by the foregoing description; Under the prerequisite that does not break away from spirit and scope of the invention, the present invention also has various variations and change, and these variations and change all fall in the scope of the invention that requires protection.The present invention requires protection domain to be defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (10)

1. one kind from heating solar energy single building, comprises main house body, and said main house body comprises enclosure wall and Fang Gai, it is characterized in that: also comprise heating system, said heating system includes active solar energy heat collection heating system and is used to provide indoor thermal source; Solar energy heating domestic hot-water supply system is used to provide living water use; Passive type sunlight room is used for replenishing indoor heat; The new wind preheating cavity of solar energy is used for preheating in winter and heat radiation in summer; Ventilation system is used to discharge indoor heat and room ventilation.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building; It is characterized in that: said active solar energy heat collection heating system comprises the solar energy collector that is arranged on the roof; Said solar energy collector is connected with water storage box; Said water storage box is connected with the floor coil pipe, and the heat that said solar energy collector will be stored by day heats to the room through the coil pipe heat radiation of connected floor.
3. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building, it is characterized in that: the top of the new wind preheating cavity of said solar energy is equipped with solar opto-electronic board, and said solar opto-electronic board is that photoelectricity driving blower fan provides power source.
4. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building, it is characterized in that: said new air port, wind preheating cavity top and bottom tuyeres are provided with photoelectricity and drive blower fan.
5. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building; It is characterized in that: said heating system also includes auxiliary heating system of cloudy day; The said cloudy day, auxiliary heating system was to be connected with wall with flues to the indoor thermal source that provides by the biomass energy burner, and the cigarette that is produced is discharged along the smoke vent that connects wall with flues.
6. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building; It is characterized in that: said ventilation system is by being positioned at the solar energy hot pressing airshaft junction chamber that the room covers; And on the north side exterior wall under the said vertical shaft, window is set, and combines with indoor ventilated lobby and to form the air-out passage.
7. according to claim 6 a kind of from heating solar energy single building, it is characterized in that: said solar energy hot pressing airshaft is divided into two independently vertical shafts.
8. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building, it is characterized in that: said heat-preserving wall adopts the haydite heat insulating material, sprays the mortar adhering and sealing outward.
9. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building, it is characterized in that: said room covers and is provided with growing area.
10. according to claim 1 a kind of from heating solar energy single building, it is characterized in that: said sunlight is provided with roller blind in the room.
CN2012100192568A 2012-01-20 2012-01-20 Self-heating solar single building CN102561729A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2117426U (en) * 1992-01-24 1992-09-30 张满金 Passive combined solar house
CN2887995Y (en) * 2006-03-30 2007-04-11 傅礼铭 Solar-heating heat-supply room
CN2911063Y (en) * 2006-06-12 2007-06-13 孙嘉林 Circumpolar latitude solar house
CN101858153A (en) * 2009-04-13 2010-10-13 乔连科 Solar ecological energy conservation building
US20110173908A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 SE2 International LLC Method and Apparatus for Reducing Solar Radiation Absorption Through a Roof
CN202039612U (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-11-16 兰州理工大学 Low carbon rural dwelling with solar heating in winter and rainwater drying in summer
CN102322115A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-18 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Active solar building
CN102322106A (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-01-18 王大庆 Water-proofing method for greenhouse type house roof
CN202658915U (en) * 2012-01-20 2013-01-09 天普新能源科技有限公司 Self-heating solar energy single building

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2117426U (en) * 1992-01-24 1992-09-30 张满金 Passive combined solar house
CN2887995Y (en) * 2006-03-30 2007-04-11 傅礼铭 Solar-heating heat-supply room
CN2911063Y (en) * 2006-06-12 2007-06-13 孙嘉林 Circumpolar latitude solar house
CN101858153A (en) * 2009-04-13 2010-10-13 乔连科 Solar ecological energy conservation building
US20110173908A1 (en) * 2010-01-15 2011-07-21 SE2 International LLC Method and Apparatus for Reducing Solar Radiation Absorption Through a Roof
CN202039612U (en) * 2010-12-10 2011-11-16 兰州理工大学 Low carbon rural dwelling with solar heating in winter and rainwater drying in summer
CN102322106A (en) * 2011-06-16 2012-01-18 王大庆 Water-proofing method for greenhouse type house roof
CN102322115A (en) * 2011-06-22 2012-01-18 濮阳市天祥太阳能采暖工程有限公司 Active solar building
CN202658915U (en) * 2012-01-20 2013-01-09 天普新能源科技有限公司 Self-heating solar energy single building

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Application publication date: 20120711