CN109138146A - A kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture - Google Patents

A kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109138146A
CN109138146A CN201811026266.8A CN201811026266A CN109138146A CN 109138146 A CN109138146 A CN 109138146A CN 201811026266 A CN201811026266 A CN 201811026266A CN 109138146 A CN109138146 A CN 109138146A
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China
Prior art keywords
building
energy
heat
phase
layer
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CN201811026266.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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黄志贵
黄琦峰
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黄志贵
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Priority to CN201811026266.8A priority Critical patent/CN109138146A/en
Publication of CN109138146A publication Critical patent/CN109138146A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection . Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/88Curtain walls
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H9/00Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate
    • E04H9/02Buildings, or groups of buildings, or shelters adapted to withstand or provide protection against abnormal external influences, e.g. war-like action, earthquake, extreme climate withstanding earthquake or sinking of ground
    • E04H9/021Bearing, supporting or connecting constructions specially adapted for such buildings
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A30/00Adapting or protecting infrastructure or their operation
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/90Passive houses; Double facade technology

Abstract

A kind of low energy consumption assembly building, building outer wall is assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall, it is warm that architecture indoor partition wall installs phase transformation wall, indoor ceiling is accumulation of energy furred ceiling, and indoor floor is energy storage floor, and photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels are installed in building roof and outside, building doors and windows uses reversion phase-changing glasses window, the household water pipe pipeline of building is connected with ground source heating water system, and the hollow wall of double-layer curtain wall is connected to indoor air inlet, and communicatively fresh air system is heated in source to the hollow wall other end.The building of a variety of energy-storage systems of the present invention have it is autonomous the indoor energy is provided, hot water and fresh air are provided, can auto-control room temperature, it is energy-saving;And it is convenient to build, direct assembly construction, and ecological environment, eco-energy are utilized and building structure is integrated, and traditional architecture aesthetics and green building technique the two systems are integrated, and are really achieved the high unity of ecological energy-saving and Architectural innovation;Building structure also has light weight, antidetonation fire prevention, the multiple functions such as sound insulation.

Description

A kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building structure, and in particular to a kind of Multi-function low-power-consumption building of assembling installation.
Background technique
The energy is basis for the survival of mankind.With the rapid development of modern industry, people get over the demand of the energy Come bigger.In world wide, highly energy-consuming building ratio is big, aggravates energy crisis.China with 20 years real estate high_speed developments, This phenomenon is particularly acute.The floor space that China is built up every year is up to 1,600,000,000 to 2,000,000,000 square metres, is more than all developed countries year The summation of construction area is built up, and 97% or more is high energy consumption building.Building energy consumption increases rapidly.So-called building energy consumption refers to building Energy in use, the energy consumption including heating, air-conditioning, hot water supply, illumination, cooking, household electrical appliance, elevator etc., wherein heating, Air conditioning energy consumption accounts for about 60% ~ 70%, this is because the architectural exterior-protecting construction thermal and insulating performance of China is poor, the 2/3 of heating energy is white It is white to run away.If China continues to execute the lower design standard of energy-saving horizontal, it will be left behind very heavy energy consumption burden and administer difficult. Mega structure energy consumption has become the great burden of national economy.
Low energy building refers in building enclosure, the energy and device systems, illumination, intelligent control, renewable energy utilization Etc. it is comprehensive select every power-saving technology, energy consumption level is far below the building of routine building, is that one kind does not have to or as far as possible Non-renewable energy is used less, and uses the building of renewable energy.Existing low energy consumption house mainly relies on and utilizes the renewable sources of energy pair Building provides energy resource supply, such as photovoltaic, the heating of ground source, the green energy resources such as wind power plant, on the other hand to room The structure in room itself optimizes, and the daylighting of building, air duct, aquaporin are made rational planning for and utilized, and makes building certainly Body can reduce energy consumption in the case where reaching normal operation, in addition, building the temperature regulating system of itself as energy conservation There is key the building external of good heat preservation temperature control effect can also greatly reduce room against the influence of outdoor temperature environment The energy consumption of interior air conditioner load has decisive influence to the energy-saving effect of low energy building.
Current Energy Conservation Green Construction practice, it is most of this also in power-saving technology equipment is superimposed with traditional form In other words state is to be combined with the technology for resisting natural building and conservation of nature, this often will cause energy saving green and builds Less good-looking embarrassment reality is built, and the architects of consistent autophilia aestheticism are just often unwilling will affect appearance using those Power-saving technology equipment, in fact, current world architecture trend seems the big system of form two, one is to continue along tradition to build The road for building aesthetics constantly creates new visual language with new information technology;One is new technology constantly to release, new to produce Product and the technical green building equipped, the former is still the problem of most building designers pay close attention to and follow, And the direction that the engineers that the latter is more experts and scholars are praised highly, this is a pair of contradictory body and current Energy Conservation Green Construction Pain spot.
We pass through patent and literature search, it has been found that some data about on low energy building, such as:
1, the split type phase transformation housing energy saving system of a kind of accumulation of energy solar energy binding modulesization, application number: CN201210273777.6, Applicant: South China Science & Engineering University;Abstract: the invention discloses a kind of split type phase transformation house sections of accumulation of energy solar energy binding modulesization Energy system, including interior room, accumulation of energy ducting system, interior room include preceding Heat Storing Wall, rear Heat Storing Wall, left Heat Storing Wall and right accumulation of heat walled At preceding Heat Storing Wall is connected to accumulation of energy ducting system by air door;Accumulation of energy ducting system includes front wall, back wall, the left side Wall, right side wall surround, before wall be made of transparency glass plate, behind wall, left side wall, right side wall by heat-insulating shield It constitutes;Two kinds of selective model technologies are combined, simple to install is suitable for factory mass production and old building transforming; Emphasis and architecture-integral are being installed, is keeping elevation of building beautiful, module packaging cartridge realizes the split type PCM wallboard of modularization Application for phase-change material in building energy conservation has the realistic meaning of application, can with wide popularization and application in office building, The building such as hospital, house, also has practical significance old building transforming project.
2, solar energy and the energy of the integrated application of energy storage materials of phase change maintain to build certainly, application number: CN201410527469.0, applicant: University Of Tianjin;Abstract: the invention discloses a kind of solar energy and energy storage materials of phase change collection The energy at application is from maintaining to build, including the solar energy system on phase transformation house and roof.In the concrete floor in phase transformation house It is embedded with phase transformation casing, phase-change material, the horizontally disposed composition phase-change material layers of more phase transformation casings, institute are provided in phase transformation casing State the eutectic mixture that phase-change material is inorganic phase-changing material, organic phase change material or organic phase change material;Concrete floor with Be provided with ventilating layer between ground, ventilating layer is identical with outdoor air by vent window, the hole being arranged on concrete floor with lead to Stratification of wind communicates.Solar thermal collector forms a complete solar water heating system circulation loop by pipeline and phase transformation casing. The present invention can across season use, winter by solar energy system be house in heat supply, summer by gravity-flow ventilation be house in drop Temperature stablizes indoor thermal environment by phase-change material, farthest utilizes renewable energy, reduce building energy consumption.
3, a kind of integrated low energy building energy conserving system and its method;Application number: CN201810234881.1, application People: Guilin Electronic Science and Technology Univ.;Abstract: the present invention relates to a kind of integrated low energy building energy conserving system and its method, packets The wall formed by inside wall and external wall is included, wall structure is at the internal building room for being equipped with floor;The outside of the wall of south orientation Equipped with balcony;The external wall of the wall of south orientation is phase-change material layers, and inside wall is heat preserving and insulating material layer;The wall of other directions External wall be heat preserving and insulating material layer, inside wall is phase-change material layers;Floor upper layer and lower layer are respectively phase-change material layers, intermediate Layer is heat preserving and insulating material layer;Balcony mouth is equipped with its closed glass shield;It is able to turn on or off that the top of glass shield is equipped with No.1 Air duct;The top of the wall of south orientation is equipped with No. two air ducts able to turn on or off, and its underpart is equipped with No. three air ducts able to turn on or off; The top of the wall of north orientation is equipped with No. four air ducts able to turn on or off.The beneficial effects of the present invention are: both ensure that building in the winter The thermal and insulating performance in season, and make building body that the waste heat entered the room can be absorbed in summer, guarantee that the heat of building body is relaxed Adaptive.
4, a kind of low energy building fresh air system;Application number: CN201520910506.6, applicant: Hebei University of Technology; Tianjin Hong Yu development in science and technology Co., Ltd;Tianjin Liu Chun development in science and technology Co., Ltd;Abstract: the utility model relates to one Kind low energy building fresh air system, it is characterised in that the system includes fresh air introducing apparatus, soil-air heat-exchange nest of tubes, heat time Receive device, indoor air supply pipeline device, backwind tube, outdoor discharge pipe, solar photovoltaic assembly and aerial cooler;The fresh air is drawn Entering device includes wind shield hat, filter and blower, and filter one end is connected with wind shield hat, and the other end is connected with the import of blower It connects;The soil-air heat-exchange nest of tubes one end is connected with the outlet of blower, and the other end is connected with the outer inlets of heat regenerator It connects;The interior air supply pipeline device includes air supply tube, air-valve and air diffuser, the inside outlet of air supply tube one end and heat regenerator It is connected, the other end is connected with the import of the air-valve in each room, and the outlet of the air-valve in each room is connected with corresponding air diffuser It connects;The outlet of the backwind tube is connected with the interior side-entrance of heat regenerator;Outdoor discharge pipe one end and heat regenerator Outer outlets are connected.
5, a kind of super low energy consumption building system;Application number: CN201520467715.8, applicant: the auspicious Novel ring of Qingdao section Protect Materials Co., Ltd;Abstract: a kind of super low energy consumption building system, including more than solar energy system, fume exhauster system, sparking stove Hot systems, supply air system, exterior wall heat-preserving system, energy saving window system.The utility model heat-insulation system is by various heat integrations Get up, achieve the purpose that energy saving, winter heating demand can be substantially carried out, do not need radiator heating.
6, a kind of energy-efficient ground source heating device;Application number: CN201611065563.4, applicant: Zhenjiang perseverance security protection is quick-fried Electrical Appliances Co., Ltd;Abstract: one kind energy-efficient ground source proposed by the present invention heating device, including ground source heat exchange box, heat exchange case, Ground source heat exchanger tube and heat-exchange tube, ground source heat exchange box include outer case and internal box, are designed, are improved using spiral heat exchanger channels Heat exchange efficiency, is equipped with heat exchanger tube in the middle part of heat exchange case, and the outer wall of heat exchanger tube is equipped with heat exchange fin, the configuration of the present invention is simple, if Rationally, the setting of heat exchange fin improves heat transfer effect to meter, improves heat transfer effect, and ground source heat exchange box is in parallel by multi-pass pipe, Dispersible arrangement is reduced to appropriation of land and planning difficulty, while can open on demand single or multiple, reduces energy Consumption, is also convenient for the maintenance to equipment.
7, photovoltaic and photothermal solar roof system;Application number: CN201310022338.2, applicant: Yu Qinyong;Abstract: The invention proposes photovoltaic and photothermal solar roof systems comprising several photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels, water-supply-pipe and support Structure, the photovoltaic and photothermal solar panel is fixed on the support structure by connector, and the photovoltaic and photothermal solar panel is longitudinal Between mutually overlap, heat exchanger tube is equipped in the photovoltaic and photothermal solar panel, the water-supply-pipe is connected to heat exchanger tube by pipeline Inlet and outlet.Photovoltaic and photothermal solar is fixed on the support at the top of the building by connector by the present invention In structure, photovoltaic and photothermal solar panel mutually overlaps between longitudinal direction, can be laid in roof large area, improves photoelectricity, photo-thermal benefit With efficiency, it can replace completely or part replaces modern tradition roof, integral installation and use cost can be reduced, and provide too The waterproof performance on positive energy roof.
Now existing low energy building adjusts room temperature using wall made of phase change material and floor storage thermal energy on the market, It is subject to solar energy again as the energy or ground source and heats comprehensive fresh air system by soil heat source introducing interior, to realize Integral house Room it is energy-saving;Low energy building construction in the prior art is complicated, and in use process, energy-saving effect is managed not enough Think, there is no a variety of consumption reduction modes are organically combined, forms whole energy saving building synthesis.
Summary of the invention
The technical scheme of the present invention is realized as follows:
A kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture, building outer wall are assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall, and architecture indoor partition wall installs phase transformation Wall is warm, and indoor ceiling is accumulation of energy furred ceiling, and indoor floor is energy storage floor, and photovoltaic and photothermal solar energy is installed in building roof and outside Plate, building doors and windows are connected using reversion phase-changing glasses window, the household water pipe pipeline of building with ground source heating water system, double-layer curtain wall Hollow wall be connected to indoor air inlet, communicatively fresh air system is heated in source to the hollow wall other end.Present invention building passes through Using solar energy power generating, solar energy heating, ground source is heated, and the various energy resources collection mode of natural environment heat absorption realizes Electric energy is saved, the effect of air-conditioning and heating equipment energy consumption is reduced, then the phase-change material that is used is capable of the spy of mass storage energy Thermal energy mass storage is used in resident by point.
The assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall is multilayered structure, is followed successively by outer curtain wall from outside to inside, outer curtain wall back of the body bolt is tight Firmware is fixed on keriotheca, is phase-change material layers on the inside of keriotheca, and residue is followed successively by frame, armored concrete, insulation Layer, armored concrete, frame and lining, the multilayered structure of keriotheca to lining are attached solid by disconnected heat bridge pull rod Fixed, honeycomb laminate is metal or plastic septum with multiple densely covered through-holes, heat insulation layer can for phenol formaldehyde foam thermal insulation board or Flame retardant polystyrene foam plate, outer curtain wall, can also will be outer in addition to using the conventional materials such as traditional stone material, ceramic tile, glass Curtain wall is manufactured using photovoltaic solar panel, outside the function of realizing shading, can also carry out photovoltaic hair using the sunlight of irradiation Electricity.Different from conventional low energy consumption concrete construction, the assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall in the present invention is while house is built Just it will build and be completed except the structure of concrete parts, finally pour into concrete in the interlayer of setting, and make concrete and more Frame, the reinforcing bar of layer structure make an entirety together with being firmly combined with disconnected heat bridge pull rod, set in the middle part of disconnected heat bridge pull rod The hot nylon that breaks is set, can prevent heat from transmitting by metal pull bar, break hot nylon both ends setting sealing piece, prevents moisture from stitching from pull rod Gap is penetrated into, and assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall facilitates construction to construct, and removes the work that worker builds template casting concrete and form removal from Sequence, the later period installation in simplified house and etc., also substantially increase the whole rigidity of building.
The energy storage floor includes panel, and below the panel setting structure plate, structural slab lower section is arranged heat-preservation bottom, keeps the temperature bottom Plate is manufactured using phenolic foam board or flame retardant polystyrene foam plate, and the vertical supports of structural slab, which run through, is plugged on heat-preservation bottom On, it is provided with card hole on structural slab and places phase-change material packet, and dismountable pipeline fixing buckle is set for fixed pipelines;Heat preservation Corresponding position setting groove accommodates phase-change material packet, and setting bracket holes on bottom plate;Structural slab is equipped with buckle in frame side, It is interlockingly connected between adjacent floor by buckle.Energy storage floor is easy for assemble or unload, and phase-changing energy-storing packet is conveniently replaced or dismantles, ground Plate overall structure is firm, is not susceptible to deformation, and it can also be the pipeline of water flowing, pipeline and phase transformation water that pipeline, which can be heating cable, Case is connected, and using the hot water in phase transformation water tank to phase-change material heating and heating panel, increases room temperature.
The phase transformation wall warms up as multilayer, from the inside to the outside includes fireproof thermal-insulation layer, phase-change material layers, frame and decoration panel, phase Setting heating pipeline between change material layer and frame, fireproof thermal-insulation layer are phenolic foam board or flame retardant polystyrene foam plate.Phase Change material layer absorbs extraneous heat, such as the sunlight heat radiation of direct projection etc., or the heat of heating pipeline fever, is stored up Deposit, arrived temperature it is low when, heat gradually discharges, have the function that adjust indoor air temperature.
The photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels include outline border, and insulating layer is arranged on the inside of outline border, are multilayered structure in insulating layer, by It is outer to be followed successively by photovoltaic panel, non-moving air layer, heat-absorbing metal plate, phase-change thermal storage layer, phenolic aldehyde protective layer and vacuum heat-insulation plate to interior, Copper pipe is set between phase-change thermal storage layer and phenolic aldehyde protective layer, and copper pipe both ends are connected to inlet and outlet, and non-moving air layer is Porous partition keeps heat not easy to lose, heat-absorbing metal plate is in the heat for obtaining solar radiation for heat-absorbing metal plate to be isolated When, it storing energy in adjacent phase transformation and removes in thermosphere, heating of the circulating water by phase-change material in copper pipe becomes hot water, It is stored from being flowed into phase transformation water tank in water outlet, makes to be owned by all the time in building for warm hot water domestic water.
Roller blind, including spool and roller shutter door leaf are set outside the building doors and windows, wherein set in the roller shutter of roller shutter door leaf Layer of polyurethane is set, layer of polyurethane can effectively completely cut off heat, in the case where falling roller shutter, dissipate indoor heat will not It loses.
Accumulation of energy furred ceiling and reversion phase-changing glasses window used in the present invention are the applied two pieces hair of the applicant in 2018 Bright patent, design make accumulation of energy furred ceiling have energy conservation, fire prevention, sound insulation etc. multi-functional using phase-change material and heat-insulating and noise-insulating material; Reversion phase-changing glasses window can realize the phase-change material of implantation glass interlayer, be inverted by the push-and-pull of door and window, reach the extraneous heat of absorption Amount is gone to the effect of indoor direction release.
After the water of the household water pipe pipeline enters ground source heating water system heating, 5-8 DEG C can be increased, then straight via being passed through The pressurization for flowing pressure pump, is passed through in photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels and heats, can improve water temperature to 60-70 DEG C, or even connect Nearly 90 DEG C of hot water, electric power used in direct current pressure pump are provided by photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels, and hot water is passed through phase transformation water storage again It is stored in case, the hot water of storage can be used as domestic water use, or be passed through in the pipeline of energy storage floor, the heating of ground source and solar energy The advantages of heating synthesis uses is to avoid the slow disadvantage of single heating mode heating speed, and temperature control is more balanced, in the sun Under the insufficient weather of light, indoor water can still keep certain temperature.
Described ground source heating fresh air system pipeline is embedded in below ground, and air inlet is located at outside building above the ground, pipeline Pipeline fan is set with hollow wall junction, air inlet is generally positioned at the pure and fresh position of outdoor air, and pipeline is buried in ground Under, by the heat exchange with ground end air, the air of sucking is subjected to temperature adjusting, it then will by curtain wall channel and air inlet New air is passed through interior, carries out temperature adjusting.
Compared with the prior art, the advantages of the present invention are as follows:
1, of the invention from multi-faceted to building from ground, metope, glass door and window, furred ceiling, water supply pipe and fresh air system etc. Energy-saving carry out comp comprehensive layout is carried out, maximization reaches using the renewable sources of energy, regulates and controls room temperature, the effect of energy-saving and emission-reduction.
2, different from conventional low energy consumption concrete construction, the assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall in the present invention is built in house While just will build and be completed except the structure of concrete parts, finally concrete is poured into the interlayer of setting, makes coagulation The frame, reinforcing bar and disconnected heat bridge pull rod of soil and multilayered structure are firmly combined together, make an entirety, both can be convenient Construction is built, removes the process that worker builds template casting concrete and form removal from, simplifies the later period installation in house, Also the whole rigidity of building is substantially increased.
3, low energy building of the present invention utilizes ecological environment, eco-energy and building structure is integrated, traditional architecture beauty It learns and the two systems of green building technique is integrated, be really achieved the high unity of ecological energy-saving and Architectural innovation.
4, present invention building has light weight, and intensity is high, excellent earthquake resistance, constructs simple and direct, engineering cost is greatly reduced The advantages of, and polluted without noxious material, fireproof and heat-insulating material used is with good fire prevention, moisture-proof and sound insulation function Energy.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is general structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is assembled energy-saving double-skin curtain wall construction schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is energy storage floor structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is that phase transformation wall warms up structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 is photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is roller blind structural schematic diagram;
Drawing reference numeral and title are as follows:
1, assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall;11, outer curtain wall;12, back of the body bolt fastener;13, keriotheca;14, phase-change material layers;15, Frame;16, armored concrete;17, heat insulation layer;18, armored concrete;19, frame;110, lining;111, break heat bridge Pull rod;2, energy storage floor;21, panel;22, structural slab;23, card hole;24, vertical supports;25, bracket holes;26, heat-preservation bottom; 27, groove;28, phase-change material packet;29, pipeline fixing buckle;210, pipeline;211, it buckles;3, phase transformation wall is warm;31, fireproof heat insulating Layer;32, phase-change material layers;33, frame;34, pipeline is heated;35, decoration panel;4, accumulation of energy furred ceiling;5, phase-changing glasses window is inverted;6, Air inlet;7, photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels;71, water inlet;72, photovoltaic panel;73, non-moving air layer;74, heat-absorbing metal plate; 75, phase-change thermal storage layer;76, phenolic aldehyde protective layer;77, vacuum heat-insulation plate;78, insulating layer;79, outline border;710, copper pipe;711, it is discharged Mouthful;8, roller blind;81, spool;82, roller shutter door leaf;9, direct current pressure pump;41, phase transformation water storage box;42, household water pipe; 43, water system is heated in source;44, fresh air system is heated in source.
Specific embodiment
Specific embodiment
A kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture, building outer wall are assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall 1, the installation of architecture indoor partition wall Phase transformation wall warm 3, indoor ceiling are accumulation of energy furred ceiling 4, and indoor floor is energy storage floor 2, and photovoltaic and photothermal is installed in building roof and outside Solar panels 7, building doors and windows heat water system 43 using reversion phase-changing glasses window 5,42 pipeline of household water pipe of building and ground source It is connected, the hollow wall of double-layer curtain wall is connected to indoor air inlet 6, and communicatively fresh air system is heated in source to the hollow wall other end 44。
The assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall 1 is multilayered structure, is followed successively by outer curtain wall 11, outer curtain wall 11 back from outside to inside Bolt fastener 12 is fixed on keriotheca 13, is phase-change material layers 14 on the inside of keriotheca 13, it is mixed that residue is followed successively by frame 15, reinforcing bar Solidifying soil 16, heat insulation layer 17, armored concrete 18, frame 19 and lining 110, the multilayer knot of keriotheca 13 to lining 19 Structure is attached fixation by disconnected heat bridge pull rod 110.
The energy storage floor 2 includes panel 21, and heat-preservation bottom is arranged below structural slab 22 in below the panel setting structure plate 22 26, the vertical supports 24 of structural slab 22 are provided with card hole 23 and place phase transformation through being plugged in heat-preservation bottom 26 on structural slab 22 Material packet 28, and dismountable pipeline fixing buckle 29 is set for pipeline 210;Groove 27 is arranged in corresponding position in heat-preservation bottom 26 Accommodate phase-change material packet 28, and setting bracket holes 25;Structural slab 22 is equipped with buckle 211 in frame side, between adjacent floor It is interlockingly connected by buckle 211.
The phase transformation wall warm 3 is multilayer, from the inside to the outside includes fireproof thermal-insulation layer 31, phase-change material layers 32, frame 33 and decorations Panel 35, setting heating pipeline 34 between phase-change material layers 32 and frame 33.
The photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels 7 include outline border 79, and insulating layer 78 is arranged on the inside of outline border 79, is more in insulating layer 78 Layer structure is followed successively by photovoltaic panel 72, non-moving air layer 73, heat-absorbing metal plate 74, phase-change thermal storage layer 75, phenolic aldehyde from outside to inside and protects Copper pipe 710,710 both ends of copper pipe are arranged in sheath 76 and vacuum heat-insulation plate 77 between phase-change thermal storage layer 75 and phenolic aldehyde protective layer 76 It is connected to water inlet 71 and water outlet 711, one piece of cover board that can be dug is arranged in photovoltaic panel surface, when not having the case where direct sunlight Under, cover board is built, scattering and disappearing for heat can be prevented, when sunny, cover board is started, the work of photovoltaic and photothermal plate.
Roller blind 8, including spool 81 and roller shutter door leaf 82 are set outside the building doors and windows, wherein the volume of roller shutter door leaf 82 Layer of polyurethane is set in curtain.
After the ground source heating water system 43 that the water of 42 pipeline of household water pipe enters heats, then via being passed through direct current pressure (hydraulic) water The pressurization of pump 9, is passed through in photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels 7 and heats, hot water is passed through in phase transformation water storage box 41 again and stores, storage Hot water can be used as domestic water use, or be passed through in the pipeline of energy storage floor 2.
Described ground source heating 44 pipeline of fresh air system is embedded in below ground, and air inlet is located at outside building above the ground, pipe Pipeline fan is arranged in road and hollow wall junction.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture, it is characterised in that: building outer wall is assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall (1), building Indoor partition installs phase transformation wall and warms up (3), and indoor ceiling is accumulation of energy furred ceiling (4), and indoor floor is energy storage floor (2), building roof And outside installation photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels (7), building doors and windows use reversion phase-changing glasses window (5), the household water pipe of building (42) pipeline is connected with ground source heating water system (43), and the hollow wall of double-layer curtain wall is connected to indoor air inlet (6), hollow wall Communicatively source heating fresh air system (44) of the body other end.
2. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: the assembled energy-saving double-layer curtain wall (1) it is multilayered structure, is followed successively by from outside to inside outer curtain wall (11), outer curtain wall (11) is fixed on keriotheca with back of the body bolt fastener (12) It (13) on, is phase-change material layers (14) that residue is followed successively by frame (15), armored concrete (16), heat preservation on the inside of keriotheca (13) Thermal insulation layer (17), armored concrete (18), frame (19) and lining (110), the multilayer of keriotheca (13) to lining (110) Structure is attached fixation by disconnected heat bridge pull rod (111).
3. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: the energy storage floor (2) includes face Heat-preservation bottom (26) are arranged below structural slab (22) in plate (21), below the panel setting structure plate (22), structural slab (22) it is vertical Bracket (24) is provided with card hole (23) and places phase-change material packet through being plugged on heat-preservation bottom (26) on structural slab (22) (28), and dismountable pipeline fixing buckle (29) is set for pipeline (210);Groove is arranged in corresponding position in heat-preservation bottom (26) (27) phase-change material packet (28) are accommodated, and setting bracket holes (25);Structural slab (22) is equipped with buckle (211) in frame side, It is interlockingly connected between adjacent floor by buckling (211).
4. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: it is multilayer that the phase transformation wall, which warms up (3), It from the inside to the outside include fireproof thermal-insulation layer (31), phase-change material layers (32), frame (33) and decoration panel (35), phase-change material layers (32) Setting heating pipeline (34) between frame (33).
5. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: the photovoltaic and photothermal solar panels (7) include outline border (79), insulating layer (78) be set on the inside of outline border (79), be multilayered structure in insulating layer (78), from outside to inside according to Secondary is photovoltaic panel (72), non-moving air layer (73), heat-absorbing metal plate (74), phase-change thermal storage layer (75), phenolic aldehyde protective layer (76) With vacuum heat-insulation plate (77), copper pipe (710) are set between phase-change thermal storage layer (75) and phenolic aldehyde protective layer (76), copper pipe (710) Both ends are connected to water inlet (71) and water outlet (711).
6. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: sunshade is arranged outside the building doors and windows Roller shutter (8), including spool (81) and roller shutter door leaf (82), are wherein arranged layer of polyurethane in the roller shutter of roller shutter door leaf (82).
7. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: household water pipe (42) pipeline After water enters ground source heating water system (43) heating, then via the pressurization for being passed through direct current pressure pump (9), it is passed through photovoltaic light Heating in heat solar plate (7), hot water are passed through storage in phase transformation water storage box (41) again, and the hot water of storage, which can be used as domestic water, to be made With, or be passed through in the pipeline of energy storage floor (2).
8. according to low energy consumption assembled architecture described in claim l, it is characterised in that: heat fresh air system in described ground source (44) pipeline is embedded in below ground, and air inlet is located at outside building above the ground, and pipeline is arranged in pipeline and hollow wall junction Blower.
CN201811026266.8A 2018-09-04 2018-09-04 A kind of low energy consumption assembled architecture Pending CN109138146A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111794560A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-10-20 北京工业大学 Temperature-control assembled board room

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111794560A (en) * 2020-06-03 2020-10-20 北京工业大学 Temperature-control assembled board room

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